Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Add filters

Year range
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909597


OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of flavonoids from Xindakang (Hippophae Fructus flavone) on myo?cardial systolic and diastolic functions of isolated frog hearts and explore the possible mechanism, and provide experi?mental basis for improving the effect and efficacy of Xindakang on cardiac function. METHODS The isolated frog heart perfusion specimens were prepared by Yagi's method, and the effects of different concentrations of Xindakang on myo?cardial contractility (0.0125, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1 and 0.2 g·L-1), heart rate and cardiac output of isolated frog heart were stud?ied. Acetylcholine, atropine and epinephrine were administered successively to analyze the effects of Xindakang on car?diac systolic function of isolated frogs under the action of different drugs, and compared with propranolol. The effect of extracellular calcium ion concentration on the action of Xindakang was studied by using low calcium concentration, high cal?cium concentration and normal Ren's solution. To study the effect and possible mechanism of Xindakang on cardiac systolic function of frog. RESULTS The concentration of Xindakang in the range of 0.0125-0.1 g·L-1 could weaken the contractility of isolated frog heart and increase the concentration of Xindakang. The inhibitory effect of Xindakang on con?tractility of isolated frog heart was enhanced, and showed obvious dose-effect relationship. Cardiac output was signifi?cantly decreased by Xindakang (P<0.01), slow heart rate (P<0.05); M receptor blocker atropine could not antagonize the contractile effect of Xindakang, and Xindakang could not completely antagonize the contractile effect of adrenalin. Xindakang could inhibit the isolated frog heart in low calcium concentration, high calcium concentration and normal Ren's solution, and increased with the increase of extracellular calcium concentration (P<0.01). CONCLUSION Xinda?kang has inhibitory effect on isolated frog heart, which may be achieved by blocking the calcium channel on myocardial cell membrane and reducing the calcium concentration in myocardial cells.

Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1033-1041, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266865


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The pathogenesis of some types of preeclampsia is related to fatty acid oxidation disorders. Rapamycin can regulate fatty acid metabolism. This study aimed to investigate the effects of rapamycin on the clinical manifestations and blood lipid parameters in different preeclampsia-like mouse models.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two preeclampsia-like mouse models and a control group were established: L-NA (injected with Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester), LPS (injected with lipopolysaccharide), and the control group with normal saline (NS). The mouse models were established at preimplantation (PI), early- and late-pregnancy (EP, LP) according to the time of pregnancy. The administration of rapamycin (RA; L-NA+RA, LPS+RA, and NS+RA) or vehicle as controls (C; L-NA+C, LPS+C, NS+C) were followed on the 2nd day after the mouse models' establishment. Each subgroup consisted of eight pregnant mice. The mean arterial pressure (MAP), 24-h urinary protein, blood lipid, fetus, and placental weight were measured. The histopathological changes and lipid deposition of the liver and placenta were observed. Student's t-test was used for comparing two groups. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used for blood pressure analysis. Qualitative data were compared by Chi-square test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The MAP and 24-h urinary protein in the PI, EP, and LP subgroups of the L-NA+C and LPS+C groups were significantly higher compared with the respective variables in the NS+C group (P < 0.05). The preeclampsia-like mouse models were established successfully. There was no significant difference in the MAP between the PI, EP, and LP subgroups of the L-NA+RA and L-NA+C groups and the LPS+RA and LPS+C groups. The 24-h urine protein levels in the PI and EP subgroups of the L-NA+RA group were significantly lower compared with the respective levels in the L-NA+C groups (1037 ± 63 vs. 2127 ± 593 μg; 976 ± 42 vs. 1238 ± 72 μg; bothP < 0.05), also this effect appeared similar in the PI and EP subgroups of the LPS+RA and LPS+C groups (1022 ± 246 vs. 2141 ± 432 μg; 951 ± 41 vs. 1308 ± 30 μg; bothP < 0.05). The levels of serum-free fatty acid (FFA) in the PI and EP subgroups of the L-NA+RA groups were significantly lower compared with the respective levels in the L-NA+C group (2.49 ± 0.44 vs. 3.30 ± 0.18 mEq/L; 2.23 ± 0.29 vs. 2.84 ± 0.14 mEq/L; bothP < 0.05). The levels of triglycerides (TG) and total cholesterol in the PI subgroup of the L-NA+RA group were significantly lower compared with the respective levels in the L-NA+C (1.51 ± 0.16 vs. 2.41 ± 0.37 mmol/L; 2.11 ± 0.17 vs. 2.47 ± 0.26 mmol/L; bothP < 0.05), whereas high-density lipoprotein serum concentration was significantly higher (1.22 ± 0.19 vs. 0.87 ± 0.15 mmol/L;P < 0.05) and low-density lipoprotein serum concentration did not exhibit a significant difference. There were no significant differences in the FFA of the PI, EP, and LP subgroups between the LPS+RA and the LPS+C groups. The levels of TG in the PI subgroup of the LPS+RA group were significantly lower compared with the respective levels in the LPS+C group (0.97 ± 0.05 vs. 1.22 ± 0.08 mmol/L;P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rapamycin can improve clinical manifestations and blood lipid profile in part of the preeclampsia-like mouse models.</p>

Animals , Female , Mice , Pregnancy , Blood Pressure , Chi-Square Distribution , Cholesterol , Blood , Disease Models, Animal , Lipid Metabolism , Lipids , Blood , Lipoproteins, HDL , Blood , Lipoproteins, LDL , Blood , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Placenta , Metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pregnancy Outcome , Sirolimus , Therapeutic Uses , Triglycerides , Blood
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1627-1635, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231723


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Preeclampsia is a multifactorial disease during pregnancy. Dysregulated lipid metabolism may be related to some preeclampsia. We investigated the relationship between triglycerides (TGs) and liver injury in different preeclampsia-like mouse models and their potential common pathways.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Preeclampsia-like models (Nw-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester [L-NAME], lipopolysaccharide [LPS], apolipoprotein C-III [Apo] transgnic mice + L-NAME, β2 glycoprotein I [βGPI]) were used in four experimental groups: L-NAME (LN), LPS, Apo-LN and βGPI, respectively, and controls received saline (LN-C, LPS-C, Apo-C, βGPI-C). The first three models were established in preimplantation (PI), early-, mid- and late-gestation (EG, MG and LG). βGPI and controls were injected before implantation. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), 24-hour urine protein, placental and fetal weight, serum TGs, total cholesterol (TC) and pathologic liver and trophocyte changes were assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MAP and proteinuria were significantly increased in the experimental groups. Placenta and fetal weight in PI, EP and MP subgroups were significantly lower than LP. Serum TGs significantly increased in most groups but controls. TC was not different between experimental and control groups. Spotty hepatic cell necrosis was observed in PI, EG, MG in LN, Apo-LN and βGPI, but no morphologic changes were observed in the LPS group. Similar trophoblastic mitochondrial damage was observed in every experimental group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Earlier preeclampsia onset causes a higher MAP and urine protein level, and more severe placental and fetal damage. Preeclampsia-like models generated by varied means lead to different changes in lipid metabolism and associated with liver injury. Trophoblastic mitochondrial damage may be the common terminal pathway in different preeclampsia-like models.</p>

Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Pregnancy , Cholesterol , Blood , Disease Models, Animal , Fetal Weight , Physiology , Liver , Wounds and Injuries , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mitochondrial Diseases , Blood , Pathology , Placenta , Metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia , Blood , Pathology , Triglycerides , Blood , Trophoblasts , Pathology