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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880060

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the polymorphism of the HPA1-5,15 system of the donors in Zhangjiakou area.@*METHODS@#DNA was extracted from the blood samples of the donors, PCR- SSP method was used to divide HPA1-6, 15 genotype. The gene frequency and genotype frequency were calculated, compared with the difference and regiahal specificity of the populations in our country and foregiens was compared other populations.@*RESULTS@#The gene expression in the HPA-1, HPA-2 and HPA-4 systems were all homozygous aa, and the donors who expressed homozygous bb was not exessed. Among them, one heterozygous ab expression was found in both HPA-1 and HPA-4 systems (1%), and 14 cases of heterozygous ab expression were found in HPA-2 system (14%). The gene expression in the HPA-5 system was mainly homozygous aa (98%), and a very few expressed homozygous bb (2%) was found. The degree of heterozygosity of gene expression in the HPA-3 and HPA-15 systems was relatively high. The proprotion of the expression of aa, ab and bb in the HPA-3 system was respectively 46%, 40% and 14%, the proprotion of the expression of aa, ab and bb in the HPA-15 system was respectively 21%, 64% and 15%.@*CONCLUSION@#The gene frequency of platelet-specific antigen HPA1-5,15 system in zhangjiakou region shows local characteristics. The heterozygosity degree of gene expression in the HPA-3 and HPA-15 systems are both high, suggesting that they are more likely to result in alloimmunization and ineffective platelet transfusion, which should be pays attention to.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Human Platelet/genetics , Blood Donors , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311516

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of high-dose intravenous mecobalamin (HDIME) for the treatment of bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy(BIPN) in the patients with multiple myeloma (MM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 65 newly diagonsed patients with multiple myeloma receiving bortezomib in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital were enrolled in this single-centre randomized clinical trial from July 2012 to May 2016. Out of 65 patients 38 in control group received bortezomib-based chemotherapy and 27 patients in HDIME group received the additional high-dose intravenous mecobalamin.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of BIPN in HDIME group was lower than that in control group(29.63% vs 55.26%, χ=4.197,P<0.05). Whether the BIPN rate of Grade 2 or 3 and above in HDIME group significantly decreased as compared with control group(18.52% vs 47.37%,χ=5.746,P<0.05) (3.71% vs 21.05%, χ=3.983,P<0.05). The BIPN rate of less than 5 cycles of bortezomib was not significantly different between HDIME and control groups(χ=2.714,P>0.05). Overall effective rate of HDIME group and control group was 77.78% and 73.68%(P>0.05) respectively. Neither PFS nor OS was significantly different between HDIME group and control group(P>0.05). Treatment-related toxicity was only mild rash in 1 case. No other side-effects including nausea, abdominal pain, and hypotension occurred.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HDIME has a good efficacy for the prophylaxis BIPN and and without serious side effects.</p>

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1237-1240, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301745

ABSTRACT

JAK2, MPL and CALR gene mutations play an important role in the onset of myeloproliferative disease(MPD). The latest researches show that the difference of ATP binding ability between the wild type JAK2 protein and mutated JAK2 protein can help us understand the pathogenesis of the MPD further, and the clinical manifestation is related to the mutation burden of the JAK2. In some ET and PMF patients, research find the expression of MPL mutation, which can affects the progress of the disease by collaborating with the JAK2 mutation. CALR mutation is a gene related with the MPD that has been found recently. The pathogenesis of the CALR is similar to that of the JAK2, while there are some features in clinical manifestation comparing with the other mutations.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1100-1103, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246809

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression pattern of HOXA9 in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients and its relation with clinical characteristics and treatment response.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mRNA and protein expression levels of HOXA9 in bone marrow cells from 33 cases of MDS, 12 cases of AML, 20 cases of ITP and 18 normal controls were detected by real-time guautitative PCR(RT-PCR) and flow cytometry, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentage of HOXA9(+)/CD34(+) and HOXA9(+)/CD34(+)CD38(-) in MDS patients were significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05), and the mRNA and protein expression of HOXA9 in MDS patients had a similar trend. The percentages of HOXA9(+)/CD34(+) and HOXA9(+)/CD34(+)CD38(-) before decitabine treatment were (50.64±27.59)% and (55.67±28.57)% respectively, which were both higher than those in control group (P<0.05). After decitabine treatment, expression of HOXA9 significantly decreased (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HOXA9 is overexpressed in MDS patients and associated with several clinical characteristics. The detection of HOXA9 expression may have guide roles for diagnosis and treatment of MDS patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Flow Cytometry , Homeodomain Proteins , Humans , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1110-1115, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246807

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of costimulatory signaling molecules (CD80, CD86) expression on the quantity and function of B lymphocytes in peripheral blood (PB) of the patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 55 ITP patients (30 cases were newly diagnosed and 25 cases were in remission), 25 healthy volunteers as controls were enrolled in this study. The levels of CD19(+)CD5(+), CD19(+)CD80(+), CD19(+)CD86(+), CD41a(+)IgG, CD41a(+)IgM and IgG, IgM in CD19(+)B cells were measured by flow cytometry (FCM). The correlation of CD19(+)B cells with clinical parameters of ITP patients was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of B1 (CD19(+)CD5(+)) of newly diagnosed ITP patients was significantly higher than that of remitted ITP patients and controls (P<0.05). The level of CD19(+)CD80(+) of newly diagnosed ITP patients was significantly higher than that of remitted ITP patients and controls (P<0.05). And the expression of IgG and IgM in CD19(+)B cells of newly diagnosed ITP patients was significantly higher than that of remitted ITP patients and controls (P<0.05). The levels of IgG and IgM in remitted ITP patients after treatment were significantly lower than that before treatment (P<0.05). The level differences of IgG and IgM before and after treatment in refractory ITP patients were not statistically significant (P>0.05). The expression of CD19(+)CD80(+) in newly diagnosed ITP patients positively correlated with the level of Th1 and Th1/Th2 (r=0.502, r=0.471, P<0.05). The expression of CD19(+)CD80(+) of newly diagnosed ITP patients positively correlated with the level of IgG and IgM in CD19(+)B cells (r=0.552, r=0.467, P<0.05), and negatively correlated with PB platelet count (r= -0.424, P<0.05). The levels of IgG and IgM in CD19(+)B cells of newly diagnosed ITP patients negati- vely correlated with PB platelet count (r=-0.658, r=-0.526, P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The enhacement of costimulatory signaling pathway of CD19(+)B cells in ITP patients results in the abnormal activation of B lymphocytes, thereby mediates the dysfunction of immune system and involves in the pathogenesis of ITP.</p>


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Signal Transduction , Thrombocytopenia
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349711

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the expression of microRNA-21 and its correlation with PTEN in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) paraffin-embedded tissues, and evaluate its potential relevance with clinical characteristics. The expression levels of miR-21 in 26 primary DLBCL and 10 normal lymph node tissue specimens were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The expression of PTEN was detected by immunohistochemical staining. The results indicated that the expression of miR-21 was significantly higher in tumor tissues [6.586(1.10,38.22)] than that in normal tissues [0.791 (0.35,2.87)] (P < 0.05). Among 26 patients with DLBCL the expression of PTEN protein was positive in 6 patients (23%), and was negative in 20 patients (77%). In patients with DLBCL, the expression level of miR-21 was negatively correlated with the level of PTEN protein. The high expression of miR-21 was positively correlated with the level of serum LDH. The expression level of miR-21 in patients with Ann Arbor III-IV stage was obviously higher than that of patients with Ann Arbor I-II stage, but did not correlate with the subtype of patients in clinic (P > 0.05). It is concluded that the expression of miR-21 is high in DLBCL and its overexpression may be related with poor prognosis of DLCBL. These findings suggest that PTEN is possibly one of the targets of miR-21 in DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Middle Aged , PTEN Phosphohydrolase , Metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 606-609, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272157

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the quantity and function of bone marrow (BM) T follicular helper (Tfh) cells of the cytopenia patients with positive bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC)- Coombs test (also known as immuno-related pancytopenia, IRP), and explore the role of Tfh cells in the pathogenesis of IRP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty- three untreated IRP patients, 47 recovered IRP patients and 25 healthy donors were enrolled in this study. The percentages of Tfh cells, Tfh-related molecules ICOS, CD40L, IL-21 and Bcl-6 in BM were investigated by flow cytometry and semiquantitive RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ratio of CD4⁺CXCR5⁺/CD4⁺ cells of untreated IRP patients [(28.79 ± 19.70)%] was significantly higher than that of recovered IRP patients [(21.15 ± 12.81)% ] and normal controls ([ 13.42 ± 6.72)% ](P<0.05). The ratio of CD4⁺CXCR5⁺ICOS⁺/CD4⁺CXCR5⁺ cells of untreated IRP patients [(5.05 ± 4.71)% ] was significantly higher than that of recovered IRP patients [(2.96 ± 2.89)% ] and normal controls [(2.99 ± 2.23)% ] (P<0.05). The ratio of CD4⁺CXCR5⁺CD40L⁺/CD4⁺CXCR5⁺ cells of untreated IRP patients [(5.87 ± 4.14)%] and recovered IRP patients [(6.52±5.47)%] were significantly higher than that of normal controls [(2.93 ± 2.92)%] (P<0.05). The ratio of intracytoplasmic CD4⁺CXCR5⁺IL-21⁺/CD4⁺CXCR5⁺ cells of untreated IRP patients [(8.20 ± 7.41)% ] and recovered IRP patients [(6.30 ± 6.03)% ] were significantly higher than that of normal controls [(3.43 ± 3.40)%] (P<0.05). The relative expressions of Bcl-6 mRNA in BMMNC were 0.625 ± 0.248, 0.485 ± 0.253, 0.306 ± 0.210 in three groups, respectively. The differences between untreated IRP patients, recovered IRP patients and normal controls were significant (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There exists increased quantity and hyperfunction of Tfh cells in the IRP patients, they may play important role in the pathogenesis of IRP. Tfh cells and their related effector molecules could be a potential therapeutic target for the disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Coombs Test , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Interleukins , Metabolism , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia , Blood , Diagnosis , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Young Adult
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 430-434, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235432

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mechanisms underlying bone marrow damage by iron overload in pancytopenic patients with positive BMMNC-Coombs test (IRP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-one iron overloading, 26 non-iron overloading IRP patients and 10 normal controls were enrolled in this study. The expressions of ROS, Bcl-2, Caspase-3 and apoptosis of BMMNC were analyzed by flow cytometry (FCM). Antioxidants were added to iron overloading IRP BMMNC, and then the changes of indices above were detected by FCM. The number and apoptosis of T lymphocytes of IRP patients were also detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ROS and apoptosis of BMMNC, myelocytes, erythrocytes and stem cells of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than that of non-iron overloading IRP ones and normal controls (P < 0.05). The expressions of Bcl-2 on BMMNC, erythrocytes and stem cells of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly lower than those of non-iron overloading IRP ones (P < 0.05). The levels of Caspase-3 on myelocytes, erythrocytes and stem cells of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than those of non-iron overloading IRP ones and normal controls (P < 0.05). After treatment with antioxidants, the expressions of ROS, Caspase-3 and apoptosis of iron overloading IRP BMMNC significantly decreased, but opposite for Bcl-2. The percentages of CD4(+) lymphocytes [ ( 40.86 ± 8.74)%] and CD4(+)/CD8(+) (1.44 ± 0.36) in PB of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than that of non-iron overloading IRP ones [(35.96 ± 7.03)% and 1.14 ± 0.37] and normal controls [(28.00 ± 6.73)% and 0.79 ± 0.21], respectively (P < 0.05), as opposite for CD8(+) lymphocytes (P < 0.05). The apoptosis of CD8(+) lymphocytes [(27.35 ± 10.76)%] and the ratio of CD8(+) apoptosis/CD4(+) apoptosis (2.51 ± 0.81) in BM of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than those of non-iron overloading IRP ones [(15.47 ± 8.99)%] and normal controls (1.39 ± 0.47), respectively (P < 0.05). The apoptosis of erythrocytes and stem cells coated with auto-antibodies in BM of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than those of non-iron overloading IRP and normal controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mechanisms underlying bone marrow damage by iron overload might be through the follows: ①The increased ROS induced by excessive iron deposition affected the expressions of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2, which caused more BMMNC apoptosis; ②The abnormal number and ratio of T lymphocytes caused by iron overload aggravated the abnormality of immunity of IRP; ③Iron overload may increase the damage to erythrocytes and stem cells coated with auto-antibodies.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Marrow , Pathology , Case-Control Studies , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Coombs Test , Female , Humans , Iron Overload , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Young Adult
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 865-868, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323471

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the function of dendritic cells (DC) of patients with immune related pancytopenia (IRP) and explore the role of DC in IRP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of CD80 and CD86 on myeloid DC (mDC, Lin-HLA-DR(+) CD11c(+) cells) and plasmacytoid DC (pDC, Lin-HLA-DR(+) CD123(+) cells) of 65 IRP (37 untreated and 28 remitted) patients and 17 healthy controls were analyzed by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of CD86 on pDC was (82.47 ± 13.17)% in untreated group and (60.08 ± 14.29)% in remission group, which were significantly higher than that of controls (47.95 ± 18.59)% (P < 0.05), while the expression in untreated group was higher than that of remission group (P < 0.05). The expression of CD80 on pDC was (6.31 ± 4.49)% in untreated group, which was significantly higher than that of remitted patients (3.09 ± 2.93)% and controls (2.33 ± 2.25)% (P < 0.05). The expression of CD86 on mDC was (97.06 ± 4.82)% in untreated group and (91.35 ± 12.20)% in control group, while the expression in untreated group was higher than that of control group (P < 0.05). The expression of CD80 on mDC was (6.20 ± 5.44)% in untreated group and (3.97 ± 3.24)% in remission group, which were significantly higher than that of controls (1.86 ± 1.73)% (P < 0.05). The expression of CD86 on pDC was negatively correlated to Th1/Th2 (r = -0.733, P < 0.05), it was positively correlated to the antibody on membrane of BMMNC (r = 0.283, P < 0.05) and the quantity of CD5(+)B cells (r = 0.436, P < 0.05), while it was negatively correlated to the level of hemoglobin, platelets and white blood cells (r = -0.539, P < 0.05; r = -0.519, P < 0.05; r = -0.567, P < 0.05, respectively). The expression of CD80 on pDC was negatively correlated to the level of hemoglobin and platelets (r = -0.431, P < 0.05; r = -0.464, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The function of pDC in PB of IRP were strengthened, which was relevant to the immunopathogenesis of IRP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Autoimmune Diseases , B7-1 Antigen , Metabolism , B7-2 Antigen , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Dendritic Cells , Metabolism , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia , Blood , Pathology , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263316

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the quantity and subtypes of dendritic cells (DC) in patients with immune related pancytopenia (IRP) and to explore the role of DC in pathogenesis of IRP. The quantity of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC, Lin(-)HLA-DR(+) CD123(+) cells) and myeloid dendritic cells (mDC, Lin(-)HLA-DR(+) CD11c(+)cells) in peripheral blood of 65 patients with IRP (37 new diagnosed and 28 remitted) and 17 healthy controls were analyzed by flow cytometry. The results indicated that the ratio of pDC in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) was (0.91 ± 064)% in new diagnosed group, which was significantly higher than that in remission group (0.39 ± 0.11)% and control group (0.29 ± 0.13)% (P < 0.01), while this ratio of pDC in remission group was higher than that in control group (P < 0.05). The ratio of mDC in PBMNC was (0.21 ± 0.20)% in new diagnosed group and (0.34 ± 0.21)% in remission group respectively, there was no statistical difference as compared with control group (0.29 ± 0.09)% (P > 0.05). The ratio of pDC to mDC in new diagnosed group was 6.75 ± 7.11, which was significantly higher than that in remission group (1.55 ± 0.93) and control group (1.07 ± 0.43, P < 0.01), there was no statistical difference between the ratio of remission group and control group (P > 0.05). The ratio of pDC in PBMNC of IRP group negatively correlated to ratio of Th1/Th2 (r = -0.347, P < 0.05), and positively correlated to the ratio of auto-antibody on membrane of BMMNC (r = 0.606, P < 0.05) and to the quantity of CD5(+)B cells (r = 0.709, P < 0.05), while it negatively correlated to the levels of hemoglobin (r = -0.381, P < 0.01) and platelets (r = -0.343, P < 0.01). The ratio of mDC in PBMNC positively correlated to the ratio of Th1/Th2 (r = 0.595, P < 0.05) and the level of hemoglobin (r = 0.292, P < 0.05). The ratio of pDC/mDC negatively correlated to ratio of Th1/Th2 (r = -0.395, P < 0.05), it positively correlated to the level of antibody on membrane of BMMNC (r = 0.421, P < 0.05) and the quantity of CD5(+)B cells (r = 0.423, P < 0.05), while it negatively correlated to the levels of hemoglobin (r = -0.304, P < 0.05) and platelets (r = -0.287, P < 0.05). It is concluded that the quantity of pDC in peripheral blood of IRP patients increases, which may be related to the immunopathogenesis of IRP.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Blood Cell Count , Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Dendritic Cells , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 684-687, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353564

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the quantity and function of bone marrow (BM) Th17 cells in the blood cytopenia patients with positive BMMNC-Coombs test (IRP) and to explore the role of Th17 cells in the pathogenesis of the disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-three untreated IRP patients, 34 recovered IRP patients and 13 healthy donors were enrolled in this study. The ratio of IL-23R(+)CD4(+)/CD4(+)cells in BM were examined by flow cytometry(FCM), the levels of IL-6, IL-23, IL-17 by ELISA, and the expressions of RORγt mRNA, STAT3 mRNA in BMMNC by semiquantitive RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ratio of IL-23R(+)CD4(+)/CD4(+)cells [(3.6 ± 3.1)%], the levels of IL-6[(26.21 ± 14.55) µg/L], IL-23[(2.23 ± 0.99) µg/L], IL-17[(2.54 ± 1.33) µg/L] and the expressions of RORγt mRNA (0.25 ± 0.08) and STAT3 mRNA (1.10 ± 0.16) in BMMNC of untreated IRP patients were significantly higher than those of recovered IRP patients[(2.0 ± 1.0)%, (9.08 ± 6.36) µg/L, (0.91 ± 0.76) µg/L, (1.28 ± 0.18) µg/L, 0.12 ± 0.08, 0.97 ± 0.12 respectively] (P < 0.05); there was no significiant difference between those of recovered IRP patients and normal controls [(1.9 ± 1.4)%, (14.63 ± 7.66) µg/L, (1.19 ± 0.98) µg/L, (1.50 ± 0.28) µg/L, 0.07 ± 0.05, 0.95 ± 0.13, respectively] (P > 0.05). In IRP group, there were significantly positive correlations between the ratios of IL-23R(+)CD4(+)/CD4(+)cells and CD5(+)CD19(+)/CD19(+) (P < 0.05), there were significantly positive correlations between the levels of IL-17 and CD5(+)CD19(+)/CD19(+), the quantity of BMMNC-antibody (r = 0.494 and 0.377, respectively) (P < 0.05); and so did between the expressions of RORγt mRNA and the ratio of CD5(+)CD19(+)/CD19(+), the quantity of BMMNC-antibody (r = 0.741 and 0.541, respectively) (P < 0.05), and between the ratio of IL-23R(+)CD4(+)/CD4(+) and the level of IL-17, the expression of STAT3 mRNA (r = 0.438 and 0.448, respectively) (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There exists increased qunantity and hyperfunction of Th17 cells in the IRP patients which induce B cells hyperfunction and production of autoantibodies against the BM hematopoietic cells. Th17 cells might be a potential new therapeutic target of IRP.</p>


Subject(s)
Coombs Test , Humans , Interleukin-17 , Interleukin-6 , Pancytopenia , Allergy and Immunology , Th17 Cells
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 763-766, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353552

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the mechanism of 'erythroblast island (EI)' formation in the bone marrow of patients with immun-related hemocytopenia (IRP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The category of BM-auto antibody (au Ab) in 48 patients with IRP was detected with FCM. The BM-au Ab in the 'EI' of these cases were explored with immuonhistofluorescence (IF). Clinical and laboratory characteristics of these cases were also analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>IgG could be detected in the 'EI' on the BM smear of 14 cases (29.17%), BM-au Ab mainly deposited at the edge/membranes between macrophage and erythroblasts rather than cyto plasm. Positive reaction were seen in all the cases with GlycoAIgG. The red blood cell count [(1.8 ± 0.5) × 10(12)/L] and hemoglobin level [(59.6 ± 16.2)g/L] were significantly lower than that in the IF(-) group [(2.5 ± 0.9) × 10(12)/L and (83.4 ± 25.0) g/L] (P < 0.05). The percentage of reticulocyte [(2.0 ± 0.8)%], serum level of IBIL [(9.4 ± 4.7) µmol/L], percentage of erythroblats in sternum BM (0.441 ± 0.139) and response rate to therapy (85.7%) in IF(+) group were significantly higher than that in IF(-)group [(1.3 ± 1.0)%, (6.6 ± 6.7)µmol/L, 0.298 ± 0.082, 61.3%, respectively] (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Macrophage was connected with erythroblasts through autologous IgG in the 'EI's of some patients with IRP. 'EI' were the places where macrophages devoured and destroyed erythroblasts rather than erythroid development and differentiation. The pathogenetic mechanism of IRP might be associated with macrophages phagocytosing and destroying BM hematopoietic cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Cell Count , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Coombs Test , Erythroblasts , Humans
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 454-457, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314463

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the variation of bone marrow complement level in cytopenia patients with positive BMMNC-Coombs test (CBCPC), and probe the role of complement in destroying hematopoietic cells of CBCPC patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty-four patients with CBCPC and twenty-three healthy donors as controls were enrolled in this study. The levels of CH50, C3, C4, C5b-9 were tested with ELISA. The auto-antibodies on bone marrow hematopoietic cells (BMHC) were examined with flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of C5b-9 in bone marrow (BM) of untreated CBCPC patients [(119.8+/-54.0) microg/L] was significantly higher than that of recovered patients [(100.7+/-33.4) microg/L] or normal controls [(93.9+/-28.8) microg/L] (P<0.05). The levels of CH50 in BM of untreated or recovered CBCPC patients [(33.3+/-11.5) kU/L, (30.8+/-10.3) kU/L] were significantly higher than that of normal controls [(24.1+/-6.4) kU/L] (P<0.05). The level of C3 in BM of untreated or recovered CBCPC patients [(4.9+/-2.2) mg/L], (5.0+/-3.5) mg/L] was significantly lower than that of normal controls [(7.0+/-5.6) mg/L] (P<0.05). The level of complement in peripheral blood was consistent with that in BM. CH50 in BM of CBCPC patients was negatively correlated with their C3 (r=-0.303, P=.0007) and positively correlated with their C5b-9 (r=0.241, P=0.003) levels. The level of C5b-9 in BM of CBCPC patients was higher in the BMHC-IgM positive group [(117.6+/-55.7) microg/L] than in the BMHC- IgM negative group [(99.2+/-26.2) microg/L] (P<0.05). The positive rate of CD34(+)-IgG or CD34(+)-IgM of CBCPC patients was positively correlated with their C5b-9 level (r=0.593, P=0.000, r=0.326, P=0.049). The reticulocyte percentage (r=0.421, P=0.000) and serum indirect bilirubin level (r=0.230, P=0.032) of CBCPC patients were positively correlated with their CH50 level.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The hematocytopenia of CBCPC patients might be related to the hematopoietic cells destruction caused by auto-antibody activated complements.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Marrow Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Case-Control Studies , Child , Complement System Proteins , Metabolism , Coombs Test , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Young Adult
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 538-542, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283927

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the quantity and function of bone marrow (BM) macrophages in patients with BMMNC-Coombs Test(+) pancytopenia (BCTP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-one patients with BCTP, 10 with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) and 13 normal controls were enrolled in this study. The quantity of BM macrophages was measured by FACS and their function was evaluated by phagocytosis test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The number of macrophages, phagocytosis ratio and index of cock's red blood cells (CRBC) in BCTP patients were (0.57 +/- 0.30)%, (37.56 +/- 15.20)%, and 0.75 +/- 0.34, respectively, being significantly higher than those in SAA group \[0.46 +/- 0.08)%, (28.26 +/- 10.46)%, and in 0.59 +/- 0.39\] and in normal control \[0.44 +/- 0.69)% (25.63 +/- 14.75)%, and 0.55 +/- 0.16\] (P < 0.05). The BCTP patients were classified into two subgroups according to the quantity of macrophages: Group A (M(Phi) > or = 0.5%, 34 cases) and Group B (M(Phi) < 0.5%, 27 cases). There were 32 cases (94.12%) with BMMNC-IgG(+) in Group A and only 2 cases (7.41%) in Group B. There were significant differences in phagocytosis ratio and index of macrophages between Group A \[46.62 +/- 13.38)% and 0.91 +/- 0.36\] and Group B \[(28.67 +/- 12.59)% and 0.61 +/- 0.30\] (P < 0.05), while no statistical differences between group B and other two control groups (P > 0.05). Thirty-four BMMNC-IgG(+) patients were further divided into two subgroups: High level (HL) group \[> or = 0.75%, 9 cases (26.47%)\] and Low level (LL) group \[< 0.75%, 25 cases (73.53%)\]. Only one lineage of BMMNC-IgG could be detected in LL group. Among 9 patients in HL group, 8(23.53%) had two lineages of BMMNC-IgG and 1(2.94%) had three lineages. Phagocytosis ratio and index of macrophages were significantly higher in HL group \[(60.22 +/- 12.51)% and 1.23 +/- 0.23\] than in LL group \[(43.32 +/- 9.24)% and 0.84 +/- 0.24\] (P < 0.05). The level of peripheral blood(PB) RBC, HGB and PLT in HL group were significantly lower than in LL group (P < 0.05), while the percentage of Ret, the level of TBIL and the ratio of erythroid of sternal BM in HL group were significantly higher than in LL group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>More quantity and stronger function of macrophages are observed in BCTP patients with BMMNC-IgG(+). One of the mechanism of hematocytopenia might be that macrophages activated by IgG autoantibodies phagocytose hematopoietic cells in BM. Macrophages do not involve in damage process of BM in BCTP with IgM or cold autoantibodies.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Autoantibodies , Allergy and Immunology , Bone Marrow Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Case-Control Studies , Child , Coombs Test , Female , Humans , Macrophages , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276809

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate expression of vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA (VEGF mRNA) and its relationship with leukemic cell apoptosis after VEGF antisense oligonucleotide (VEGF ASODN) transferred into HL-60 cells. The phosphorothiate VEGF ODN was transferred into HL-60 cells in vitro by using cation poly mediated method, the inhibitory rate of cell proliferation was assayed by MTT, expression of VEGF mRNA was measured by RT-PCR, cell apoptosis was detected by cell morphology observation, DNA agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytometer (FCM). The results showed that difference of the inhibitory rate of cell proliferation and the relative expression of VEGF mRNA between ASODN group and MSODN or control groups under the same condition (p < 0.05) was statistic significant, but no significant difference (p > 0.05) was found between MSODN and control. The number of clusters of cells in ASODN group decreased; the morphology features of apoptotic cells involved cell shrinking, more granulation in cytoplasm, nuclear contracting and many fragments of cells. In MSODN and control groups, however, cells were plump and clear, and grow healthly. The result of electrophoresis revealed DNA ladder in ASODN group, while only one band of DNA in control groups. The rate of cell apoptosis was 19.46% in ASODN group with a significant difference as compared with MSODN groups and control (p < 0.05). The rate of HL-60 cell apoptosis in combination of VEGF ASODN with VP16 was significantly higher than that in VP16 alone (p < 0.05) and showed time- and dose- dependence. It is concluded that VEGF ASODN can down-regulate expression of VEGF mRNA of HL-60 cells, induces the apoptosis, inhibits the proliferation of HL-60 cells and enhances VP16-induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells, the VEGF ASODN in combination with VP16 shows additive effect.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Etoposide , Pharmacology , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Oligonucleotides, Antisense , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Transfection , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356505

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of c-myc antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ASODN) on the telomerase activity and the induction of apoptosis in HL-60 cells, and to explore the relationship between the telomerase activity and the expression of c-myc gene in HL-60 cells, after treatment by c-myc ASODN, the expression of c-myc was detected by RT-PCR, the apoptosis, cell cycle were detected with agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytomety, and the telomerase activity was determined with TRAP-ELISA. The results showed that after blocking c-myc gene with ASODN for 72 hours, it is obvious that the expression of c-myc gene was inhibited. The percentage of S phase HL-60 cells decreased from 55.6% to 30%, the early apoptosis peak appeared (the percentage of apoptosis cells were 25.2%) and the DNA ladders were shown. OD(450 - 690) were 2.648 +/- 0.42, 2.324 +/- 0.36, 2.162 +/- 0.38, 1.952 +/- 0.14, 1.805 +/- 0.40, 1.616 +/- 0.41 and 2.466 +/- 0.29, respectively, as the cells were treated with 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 micromol/L ASODN and 5 micromol/L SODN for 72 hours. The difference was significant when compared 3, 4, 5 micromol/L groups with 0 micromol/L ASODN group respectively (P < 0.05), but the difference was no significant when compared 1, 2 micromol/L ASODN and 5 micromol/L SODN groups with 0 micromol/L ASODN group (P > 0.05). It is concluded that the c-myc gene ASODN may induce the apoptosis of cells, inhibit cells from G(1) phase into S phase and regulate the telomerase activity down in HL-60 cells by blocking the expression of c-myc gene.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Flow Cytometry , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Oligonucleotides, Antisense , Genetics , Pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Telomerase , Metabolism
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