Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 21
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906390

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the antidepressant mechanism of Yinxing Mihuan oral solution (YMO) by investigating its effect on depression model rats. Method:The depression rats were induced by isolation combined with chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) and then randomly divided into model group, fluoxetine group (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and high-dose (618 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and low-dose (309 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) YMO groups. A blank control group was also set up and ten rats were included in each group. Modeling lasted for 21 consecutive days, and rats were administered the 8th day after stimulation at a dose of 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup> for 14 days, except those in the blank control and model groups which were given distilled water. Afterward, the sucrose preference test, open field test, tail suspension test were carried out. The pathological changes of hippocampus in depression rats were observed after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The content of interleukin-1<italic>β </italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α </italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>) in the hippocampus of rats in each group and the expression of NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) and other proteins in its related activation signaling pathways were detected with multi-factor detection (Luminex) and Western blot. Result:After 14 days of continuous administration, compared with the blank control group, the model group witnessed significantly reduced sugar water consumption rate and the times of rearing and significantly prolonged cumulative time of immobility during tail suspension (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the fluoxetine group and the high-dose YMO group saw increases in the times of rearing, times of crossing and sugar water consumption rate and a significant decrease in the cumulative time of immobility during tail suspension (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The results of HE staining showed that the neurons in the hippocampus of rats in the high-dose YMO group were arranged in order and slightly loosened, without obvious microglia infiltration observed. The levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> in the hippocampus of the model group increased significantly as compared with the blank control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and their content in the high-dose YMO group was significantly lowered in the comparison with the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Molecular biology experiments demonstrated that compared with the results of blank group, the expression of purinergic receptor P2X7 (P2RX7), NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC), Caspase-1 and IL-1<italic>β</italic> remarkably increased in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Additionally, the expression of P2RX7, NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 and IL-1<italic>β </italic>was significantly inhibited in the fluoxetine group and the high-dose YMO group compared with the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:YMO can improve the depression-like behaviors of rats induced by isolation combined with CUMS, and its mechanism of action is related to the regulation of the P2RX7/NLRP3 signaling pathway.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862710

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::Evaluate the effects of Danhong injection for perioperative percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on cardiac function and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). <b>Method::Computer retrieving CNKI, Wanfang database, VIP database, PubMed, CBM, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, gathering Danhong injection in percutaneous coronary intervention perioperative application in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction clinic trials. The Cochrane risk evaluation is adopted to improve the quality of literature evaluation, with Revman 5.3 software for Meta-analysis. <b>Result::Participants included in 12 clinic trials contains a total of 1 131 patients, including 569 patients in Danhong treatment and 562 patients in control group. The results showed that compared with conventional treatment, Danhong injection treated patients had LVEF increased obviously [mean difference (MD)=6.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) (4.91, 8.34), <italic>P</italic><0.000 01], the number of TIMI class 3 patients significantly increased[relative risk (RR)=0.22, 95%CI(0.12, 0.41), <italic>P</italic><0.000 01], and BNP levels significantly decreased [MD=151.86, 95%CI (-247.00, -56.72), <italic>P</italic>=0.002]. <b>Conclusion::Danhong injection can improve the function of acute myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801748

ABSTRACT

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of death in the world and has become a major public health problem worldwide. CHD belongs to the category of "chest stuffiness" in traditional Chinese medicine, and the blood stasis syndrome is the most common syndrome.Danhong injection is prepared from the extract of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos. It has the functions of promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. It has anti-inflammatory damage, anti-apoptosis, protection of vascular endothelium, inhibition of platelet aggregation, anti-hyperlipidemia, anticoagulation, improvement of blood rheology and other effects.It also could improve myocardial ischemia and relieve angina symptoms.Danhong injection is widely used in various stages of CHD, including stable angina pectoris, unstable angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction, postoperative percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI), ischemic cardiomyopathy, CHD with arrhythmia, CHD with hyperlipidemia, CHD with heart failure and CHD with diabetes.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 237-243, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705024

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe the effect of epidurally application of osthole on the model of nucleus pulposusinduced inflammatory radicular pain and the expression of p38 MAPK signaling related pathway in the spinal dorsal horn of rats.Methods The model of radicular pain was generated by putting nucleus pulposus to the L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG).50% MWT was measured using Von Frey filaments to calculate mechanical pain threshold before and after operation.50 μL of 20 g · L-1 osthole was administered epidurally in group Ost and 50 μL of 100 mL · L-1 DMSO in group DMSO at postoperative day (POD).The expression of phosphorylated p38 (p-p38),IL-18 and IL-18R in the lumbar spinal dorsal horn was detected by Western blot.IL-18 mRNA was assessed by real-time PCR.Results The mechanical pain threshold significantly decreased after operation (P < 0.05),while the expression of protein p-p38 MAPK,IL-18,IL-18R and IL-18 mRNA was significantly different.Compared with DMSO group,50% MWT was significantly increased and accompanied with the decrease of protein p-p38,IL-18,IL-lgR and IL-18 mRNA in Ost group after drug administration (P < 0.05).The correlation analysis between protein concentration of p38 MAPK and IL-18 mRNA showed that the Spearman correlation coefficient was 0.9 (P < 0.05).Conclusion p-p38 and IL-18 of spinal dorsal horn participate in the rat model with inflammatory radicular pain induced by nucleus pulposus,and IL-18R plays a role in maintenance of the pain.Osthole administered epidurally in the early stage of pain could alleviate the pain for a long time,which may be related with inhibiting p38 MAPK signaling related pathways.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852264

ABSTRACT

To electronically search databases including PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, CBM, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Data for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of Xiyanping Injection for adult community acquired pneumonia patients from inception to August, 2017. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. Then RevMan 5.3 software was used for data analysis. Seventeen RCTs involving 1924 patients with adult community acquired pneumonia were included. The results of meta-analysis showed that Xiyanping Injection combined with antibiotic group was superior to the antibiotic drugs group (RR = 1.20, 95% CI 1.15 to 1.25, P < 0.000 01) in treatment adults with community acquired pneumonia. At the same time, it can improve the symptoms of cough and shorten the duration of fever and the duration of hospitalization. In terms of safety, there were 26 cases of adverse reactions in the antibiotic group. The primary adverse reactions were gastrointestinal reaction, dizziness, rash, and phlebitis, and reactions were mild and self-healing. There are 30 adverse reactions cases in the combination group, and the types and levels of reaction are same as antibiotic group. Moreover, the current evidence showed that the combination of Xiyanping Injection and conventional antibiotic drugs in the treatment of community acquired pneumonia may significantly improve the curative effect compared with only antibiotics. Rare adverse reactions occurred and safety evaluation was acceptable. However, due to the low methodological quality of the enrolled studies, more clinical research is needed to further verify the results of this work.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338183

ABSTRACT

The Concurrent treatment of the brain and heart (CTBH) theory is proposed based on traditional Chinese medical theory and clinical practice. In this study, a framework for the pharmacological research platform was established to investigate the principles of concurrent treatment of the brain and heart. The platform for CTBH includes several key techniques for network modeling, discovery of active substances, dissecting mechanism of action and investigation of pharmacokinetic property of TCM. Taking network modeling of CTBH as an example, using database search, literature mining, network construction and module analysis, the that network modules closely associated with the pathological progress of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases were identified, while further functional enrichment analysis of these modules indicated that the key biological processes included oxidative stress, metabolism and inflammation. GSK3B, NOTCH1, CDK4 were identified as key nodes in these network modules. The above-mentioned platform was applied to construct component-biomolecules network of Danhong injection for the identification of common targets and pathways. Among them, GSK3B had the highest correlation with the composition of Danhong injection in the network, and the biological function of whose cluster was related to cell oxidative stress. Based upon results of network analysis, validation experiments suggested that Danhong injection significantly improved the survival rate of oxidative injured myocardial cells and nerve cells, and the protective effect was related to the increase of phosphorylated GSK3β protein expression. Moreover, extracts of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos exerted the synergisticcytoprotective effect. The results indicated that the mechanism of treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases of Danhong injection could be studied through network modeling and other methods. In summary, the proposed pharmacological platform provided a feasible way for revealing the mechanism of CTBH by using modern scientific methods.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1865-1870, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779799

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the effect of Yinxing Mihuan oral solution on rats with myocardial ischemia injury. Left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery was occluded in rats to establish the model. Yinxing Mihuan oral solution was given by intragastric administration daily for one week at dosage of 309 and 618 mg·kg-1. Cardiac ultrasound function, pathologic change and serum myocardial enzymes were determined to evaluate the effect of Yinxing Mihuan oral solution. The heart function was significantly reduced in the model group compared with sham operation group, and the pathologic damage was clear. The changes were significantly improved by Diltiazem hydrochloride tablets in heart function and ejection fraction (P -1) (P P < 0.01). In addition, Yinxing Mihuan oral solution decreased the myocardial damage and inhibited inflammatory reaction, and inhibited platelet activation factor. Yinxing Mihuan oral solution can protect against myocardial ischemia injury, inflammation and platelet activation in the rat model.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 179-186, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303178

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The molecular mechanisms of Shenxianshengmai (SXSM), a traditional Chinese medicine, on bradycardia have been incompletely understood. The study tried to investigate the gene expression profile and proteomics of bradycardia rabbits' hearts after SXSM treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four adult rabbits were randomly assigned in four groups: sham, model, model plus SXSM treatment, and sham plus SXSM treatment groups. Heart rate was recorded in all rabbits. Then, total RNA of atria and proteins of ventricle were isolated and quantified, respectively. Gene expression profiling was conducted by gene expression chip, and quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed to confirm the results of gene expression chip. We used isobaric tags for elative and absolute quantitation and Western blotting to identify altered proteins after SXSM treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was a constant decrease in the mean heart rate (32%, from 238 ± 6 beats/min to 149 ± 12 beats/min) after six weeks in model compared with that in sham group. This effect was partially reversed by 4-week SXSM treatment. Complementary DNA microarray demonstrated that the increased acetylcholinesterase and reduced nicotinic receptor were take responsibility for the increased heart rate. In addition, proteins involved in calcium handling and signaling were affected by SXSM treatment. Real-time RT-PCR verified the results from gene chip. Results from proteomics demonstrated that SXSM enhanced oxidative phosphorylation and tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle in ventricular myocardium to improve ATP generation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Long-term SXSM stimulates sympathetic transmission by increasing the expression of acetylcholinesterase and reduces the expression of nicotinic receptor to increase heart rate. SXSM also restored the calcium handling genes and altered genes involved in signaling. In addition, SXSM improves the ATP supply of ventricular myocardium by increasing proteins involved in TCA cycle and oxidation-respiratory chain.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bradycardia , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Heart Rate , Proteomics , Rabbits , Random Allocation , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258449

ABSTRACT

Naoxintong capsule has beneficial effects for activating blood circulation, dispersing blood stasis and dredging collateral. It is widely used in the treatment of coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, stroke and cardiovascular disease. However, the pharmacodynamic basis and possible mechanism of its preventive effects are not clear. In this study, 10 male and 10 female C57BL/6 mice were used, and were randomly divided into the control group (saline) and Naoxintong group. Adaptively fed for 7 days in common conditions, mice were given Naoxintong capsule or saline for 3 days via intragastric administration. Serum was collected from 6 mice in each group 1 h after the last administration. Serum proteins were prepared to do two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Then image analysis and mass spectrometry detection were carried out to screen and identify the differentially expressed proteins and make bioinformatics analysis. It was found that 24 differentially expressed proteins between Naoxintong group and control group. Compared with the control group, 12 proteins were increased, and 12 were decreased. The proteins were involved in apoptosis signal pathway and vascular endothelial growth factor signal transduction pathway, in which vasohibin-1 is a negative feedback regulation factor in angiogenesis. Western blot showed that the expression of vasohibin-1 in Naoxintong group was reduced, which is consistent with the result in two-dimensional electrophoresis. Serum proteins expression is different between Naoxintong and control groups. The targets of these differentially expressed proteins include endothelial cells, inflammatory cells and platelets. The changes on proteins showed that Naoxintong capsule may ameliorate coronary heart disease and ischemic cerebrovascular disease, and provide potential biological markers to prevent ischemic disease.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728673

ABSTRACT

Paeoniflorin (PAE) is the most abundant compound in Xuebijing injection widely used to treat sepsis. We aimed to investigate effect of PAE on expression of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) in a rat model of sepsis. Wistar rats were divided into Normal, Model, and PAE groups (n=20 each). Endotoxin was administrated at 5 mg/ml/kg in Model and PAE rats to establish rat sepsis model. 1 h after endotoxin administration, PAE was administrated at 4 ml/kg in PAE group once per day for 3 days. Routine blood tests and biochemical indexes were assessed, including aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB). The plasma sTREM-1 level was measured using quantitative ELISA. At the end of experiment, the small intestine, liver, kidney and lung were subjected to pathological examinations. A rat model of sepsis-induced multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) was established successfully with endotoxin administration (5 mg/ml/kg), evidenced by histo-pathological examinations, routine blood tests and biochemical indexes: platelet count decreased and white blood cell count increased (p<0.05), CK-MB and AST increased (p<0.05). PAE treatment significantly reduced the plasma levels of AST, CK-MB, and sTREM-1, compared to Model group (p<0.05). Meanwhile, sepsis-induced damages in the liver, lung, stomach and intestinal mucosa were also markedly ameliorated by PAE treatment. PAE demonstrated a significantly protective effect in a rat model of sepsis by decreasing plasma sTREM-1 level, reducing inflammation, preventing MODS and protecting organ functions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Creatine , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hematologic Tests , Inflammation , Intestinal Mucosa , Intestine, Small , Kidney , Leukocyte Count , Liver , Lung , Models, Animal , Multiple Organ Failure , Plasma , Platelet Count , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Sepsis , Stomach
11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1119-1122, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256962

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical manifestations, pathological features, diagnosis and treatment of stromal tumor in the seminal vesicle.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed 1 case of stromal tumor of the seminal vesicle, reviewed relevant domestic and international literature, and summarized the clinical manifestations, pathological features, diagnosis and treatment of the tumor.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patient was a 50 years old male, who underwent excision of the tumor together with the seminal vesicle. Pathology showed it to be stromal tumor of the seminal vesicle. Ultrasonography and CT found no recurrence 10 months after surgery.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Stromal tumor of the seminal vesicle is rare and easy to be misdiagnosed. Digital rectal examination, and ultrasonography, CT and MRI of the urinary system are useful for its diagnosis. The currently accepted treatment is surgical removal of the tumor, and the prognosis is good.</p>


Subject(s)
Cystadenoma , Genital Neoplasms, Male , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Seminal Vesicles
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259202

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of donor bone marrow transfusion on kidney function in renal allograft recipients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From May 1999 through May 2004, 74 cadaver renal transplant patients received postoperative donor bone marrow transfusion (DBMT group), the clinical outcomes were compared with 74 non-infused renal transplant recipients (control group). Both groups received the renal allograft from the same donor and were given equivalent immunosuppressant. The immunosuppressive regimen included tacrolimus/CiclosporinA, mycophenolate mofetil, and prednisolone maintenance. Patients were followed up for 24 to 108 months (mean 69.5 months).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The serum creatinine concentrations of DBMT group at 1,2 and 3 y after operation were (105 + or - 23.9)micromol/L,(107.5 + or - 32.4) micromol/L and (115 + or - 26.6)micromol/L; those of control group were (114.7 + or - 28)micromol/L,(116.5 + or - 27.6)micromol/L and (125 + or - 32.6)micromol/L,respectively. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of DBMT group at 1,2 and 3 y after operation were (70.2 + or - 24.4)ml/min, (74.3 + or - 24.1)ml/min and (73.5 + or - 22.4)ml/min; those of control group were (62.4 + or - 15.8)ml/min, (63.9 + or - 18.7)ml/min and (61.9 + or - 20.3)ml/min. After 5 year-follow-up,the prevalence of proteinuria in DBMT group was 50% (37/74),that was 77% (57/74) in control group (P<0.01). Only 3/74 DBMT recipients had biopsy-proven chronic rejection, whereas 12/74 showed chronic rejection in the controls (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In kidney transplant recipients DBMC infusions may improve the long-term graft survival.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Creatinine , Blood , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Kidney , Kidney Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Tissue Donors
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 121-126, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302472

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate corticofugal modulation on spontaneous activities of the external nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICx) in a salicylate acid (SA) induced tinnitus rat model by the stimulation of the primary auditory cortex (AI). Extracellular recording techniques and stereotaxic method were used. The spontaneous activities of a single unit were recorded from the left ICx after electrical stimulation was given to the left AI of the rats duplicated as acute SA models. The average rate of spontaneous discharge and the interspike interval histogram of spontaneous activities were used as indices. The single unit spontaneous discharges of the same unit of ICx before and after AI stimulation were observed. There was an inhibitory effect of AI stimulation on the activities of the high discharge unit [(8.75+/-2.70) Hz vs (5.06+/-2.01) Hz] and a facilitatory effect on the low discharge unit [(1.41+/-0.45) Hz vs (2.46+/-0.79) Hz]. In the normal group, there was a restraining effect on the average rate of spontaneous discharge of the ICx after AI stimulation. The average rate of spontaneous discharge changed from (3.66+/-0.84) Hz to (2.47+/-0.43) Hz in the first hour after AI stimulation and then recovered within 2-4 h. And the discharge rate of the spike interval within 0-20 ms decreased (17% vs 7.3%, 11.2%) in the first 2 h and recovered 3-4 h after AI stimulation. The discharge rate of the spike interval within 0-6 ms (short interval) recovered 2 h after AI stimulation. In the acute SA model group, the average rate of spontaneous discharge recorded from the ICx decreased from (7.48+/-0.85) Hz to (3.38+/-0.39) Hz in the first hour after AI stimulation and the suppression effect remained 4 h (P<0.05). There was no difference in the average rate of spontaneous discharge between the acute SA model group and the normal group at 2-4 h after AI stimulation. The suppression effect after AI stimulation on the 0-20 ms interval spikes in the ICx lasted 4 h, while that on the shorter interval (0-6 ms) spikes recovered in the 3rd hour after AI stimulation in acute SA model group. It is concluded that the high average spontaneous discharge rate of ICx in acute SA model decreases significantly by AI stimulation, and the suppression effects on the shorter interval spikes recovers in the 3rd hour after AI stimulation. It might be inferred that stimulation of AI, through exciting the auditory descending projections, could remit the increased spontaneous discharge of ICx induced by SA that may relate with tinnitus in a period of time.


Subject(s)
Animals , Auditory Cortex , Disease Models, Animal , Electric Stimulation , Inferior Colliculi , Rats , Salicylates , Tinnitus
14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 271-273, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310514

ABSTRACT

Penile squamous cell carcinoma has been commonly reported in the past decades. We describe a rare case of a huge squamous cell carcinoma of the penis in a 65-year-old patient with a 4-year history of tumor growth, for which total penectomy, perineal urethrostomy and bilateral inguinal lymphadenectomy were carried out. We suggest that aggressive surgical intervention should be recommended for those with well-differentiated penile carcinoma regardless of the size of the tumor.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Penile Neoplasms , General Surgery , Penis , General Surgery , Phimosis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276837

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to establish a real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for detection of PML/RARa fusion gene in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and to explore the relationship between the expression level of PML/RARa fusion gene transcript and the clinical status or efficacy of the therapy in APL. The conventional RT-PCR was used to amplify PML/RARa gene from cultured NB4 cells. Standard curves were constructed by modified real-time PCR on standard template after 10-fold serial dilutions of cDNA of 1 microg NB4 cells. The sensitivity, stability and repeatability of this method was determined. The PML/RARa gene transcripts of bone marrows in 4 APL patients before and after treatment and in 1 APL patient relapsed after complete remission were dynamically detected by modified real-time quantitative RT-PCR. The results indicated that the sensitivity of real-time quantitative RT-PCR for detecting PML/RARa fusion gene was about 10(-5) microg cDNA from NB4 cells, the repeatability and reproducibility of this method were satisfactory, intra-and inter-assay coefficients of variation were 2.1% and 3.8%. The copy numbers of PML/RARa transcripte reflecting PML/RARa fusion gene expression level in 4 newly diagnosed patients with APL were 1884, 5533, 1803, 4677 and the median was 3 475. After ATRA + chemotherapy copy numbers of PML/RARa transcript decreased to 40, 135, 79, 29, and mean was 121. Another patient's PML/RARa gene copy number was 8600 at diagnosis, the gene copy number was 730 after therapy for 4 months, although he was in complete remission, but copy number increased to 11 000 when APL relapsed 3 months later. The copy number efficiently reduced to 1200 after ATRA + chemotherapy. It is concluded that the established real-time quantitative RT-PCR method is sensitive, reliable, accurate and repeatable. The efficiency of method was finally tested for patient samples, showing a PML/RARa transcript copy number in APL patients significantly decrease after therapy, and increase at the time of relapse which indicate that changes of fusion gene expression levels coincide with clinical progress of disease. This method can be used to detect the minimal residual disease, assess response to treatment and evaluate prognosis of disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Young Adult
16.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 329-335, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264705

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the toxic effect of environmental neurotoxin MPP+ to C. elegans and identify the mechanisms that cause the toxicity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human alpha-synuclein transgenic C. elegans was used as the animal model, the toxic effect of MPP+ to dopamine (DA) neurons and the lifespan of worms was tested. The worms were feed with OP50 to determine whether ATP increase can rescue the worm from toxicity. ATP level and aberrant protein accumulation were analyzed in the MPP+ treated worms with or without OP50 addition.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We found that MPP+ induced DA cell death and worm lethality, which could be prevented by OP50 treatment. OP50 exerted the protective effect by up-regulating ATP level, even though it also induced accumulation of alpha-synuclein. Despite the undefined role of protein aggregation to the cell death, our results showed that the toxicity of MPP+ was mainly caused by the ATP depletion in the alpha-synuclein transgenic C. elegans.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MPP+ could induce DA neuronal death and worm lethality in alpha-synuclein transgenic C. elegans; Compared with the aggregation of alpha-synuclein, the major cause of MPP+ toxicity appeared due to ATP depletion.</p>


Subject(s)
1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium , Toxicity , Adenosine Triphosphate , Metabolism , Animals , Animals, Genetically Modified , Caenorhabditis elegans , Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Death , Disease Models, Animal , Dopamine , Metabolism , Herbicides , Toxicity , Humans , MPTP Poisoning , Metabolism , Mortality , Neurons , Metabolism , alpha-Synuclein , Genetics , Metabolism
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 137-144, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338347

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine expressions of NKX3.1 mRNA and protein in prostatic tissues and to investigate the relation between homeobox gene NKX3.1 and prostatic carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>76 prostatic tissues (32 cancer, 12 normal prostate and 32 benign prostatic hyperplasia tissues) and 96 non-prostatic tissues were analyzed for the detection of expressions of NKX3.1 mRNA and protein by using semi-quantitative RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemical technique.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 76 prostatic tissues, NKX3.1 mRNA was detected in 75 specimens (98.7%), whereas in 96 non-prostatic specimens, NKX3.1 mRNA was negatively expressed in the tissues of bladder, kidney, liver, intestine, fat and skin, except for two expressed in testis and one in mammary gland. The expression ratio of NKX3.1 protein in the epithelia cells of prostate was 100%, but in testis mammary gland was 16.7%, in bladder and intestine was 8.3%, and in kidney, liver, fat and skin was 0% (P < 0.01). The total strong positive ratio of NKX3.1 protein in the epithelia cell of prostate was 94.7%, 5.3% in the stroma cell of prostate (P < 0.01), and 13.6% in benignant prostate cell, 40.6% in prostate cancer (P < 0.01), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is suggested that NKX3.1 is not only the prostate-specific homeobox gene, but is the epithelia-cell-specific gene of prostate. It may play an important role in the development of prostatic carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Homeodomain Proteins , Genetics , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Prostate , Metabolism , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transcription Factors , Genetics
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 569-575, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253817

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To investigate the effect of cocaine on apoptosis and caspase-3 activity in germ cells in male rats at different ages.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cocaine hydrochloride was given (15 mg/kg body weight s.c.) to male Sprague-Dawley rats of 3 weeks (n = 8), 6 weeks (n = 8) and 12 weeks (n = 8) of age, daily for 28 Days. The serum levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin (PRL), testosterone (T) and estrogen (E2) were assayed, and the DNA fragmentation of germ cells was determined by gel eletronphoresis. The cell cycle, apoptosis and caspase-3 activity of germ cells were tested by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After the 28-day cocaine treatment, testes weight of the 3-week-old rats, the testes and body weights of the 6-week-old rats were decreased significantly compared to those of their corresponding controls (P < 0.05). The serum level of T was decreased significantly in the 3-week-old and 6-week-old rats, and the serum level of PRL was also decreased significantly in 12-week-old rats compared to the controls (P < 0.05). In all the three cocaine-treated groups, the isolated DNA displayed a clear ladder pattern, especially in the 6-week old rats. The number of apoptosic germ cells increased significantly in 3- and 6-week-old rats treated with cocaine (P < 0.05). The caspase-3 activity in all three groups increased significantly compared to the controls (P < 0.05), especially in the 6-week-old rats.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cocaine exposure for 28 Days leads to significant damage to male gonad and apoptosis elevation in testes of rats of different ages, especially in those of 6 weeks of age. The increase in caspase-3 activity might be a key pathway related to the early stage of apoptosis as the mechanism of cocaine-induced germ cell loss.</p>


Subject(s)
Aging , Physiology , Animals , Caspase 3 , Caspases , Metabolism , Cell Cycle , Cocaine , Pharmacology , Estrogens , Blood , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Blood , Luteinizing Hormone , Blood , Male , Prolactin , Blood , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spermatozoa , Cell Biology , Physiology , Testis , Pathology , Testosterone , Blood
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331744

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of Bailing Capsule (BLC, a dry powder-formed preparation of Cordyceps sinensis mycelia) on chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A comparative synchronous study was conducted between 36 CAN patients treated with BLC 9.0 g/d (treated group) for 12 weeks and 15 CAN patients treated without BLC (control group). The changes of renal function, endogenous creatinine clearance rate, volume of urinary protein and urinary protein components, including immune globulin (Ig) and albumin (Alb), urinary retinol binding protein (RBP) and beta2-microglobulin (beta2-MG), as well as the incidence rate of leucopenia before and after treatment in the two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, BLC showed more significant effects in lowering urinary protein (0.89 +/- 0.53 g/d in the treated group vs 1.31 +/- 0.59 g/d in the control group after treatment, the same below), serum creatinine (206.48 +/- 30.61 micromol/L vs 240.17 +/- 29.55 micromol/L), relieving glomerular and tubular proteinuria represented by levels of Ig, Al, RBP and beta2-MG in urine, increasing endogenous creatine clearance rate (37.33 +/- 9.91 ml/min vs. 31.92 +/- 10.95 ml/min), and reducing the incidence rate of leucopenia (2.8% vs 13.3%) in CAN patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BLC has certain therapeutical effect on CAN. It could relieve injury in glomerulus and tubular interstitium and has preventive and therapeutical effect on leucopenia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Capsules , Cordyceps , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Kidney Transplantation , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Phytotherapy , Retrospective Studies
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1014-1020, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289087

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of sexual-nerve-sparing radical cystectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-two male patients were treated with sexual-nerve-sparing radical cystectomy in our hospital in the past 5 years. The age of the patients ranged from 38 to 72 years, with the course of the disease ranging from 2 days to 20 years. All of them were potent preoperatively. Radical cystectomy was performed antegradely and retrogradely with the neurovascular bundle spared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients were followed up for 6 to 54 months, 3 achieved sexual activity of Grade I, 6 Grade II and 23 Grade III after the operation. The recovery time of erectile function ranged from 2 to 14 months, averaging at 4. 5 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Whenever condition suits, sexual-nerve-sparing radical cystectomy is to be strongly recommended.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Coitus , Cystectomy , Methods , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Penile Erection , Penis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL