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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 499-505, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013642

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the molecular mechanism by which quercetin inhibits the malignant behavior of breast cancer cells. Methods Breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and MB231 were used as the research models. Lentiviral transfection was employed to establish tumor cells with high expression of ERa and MAL-AT-1. The expression of MALAT-1 was assessed using RT-qPCR,and ERa expression was determined through Western blot. Subsequently, CCK-8 assay and colony formation assay were conducted to evaluate cell proliferation. PI staining and adenovirus transfection were performed to observe the inhibitory effects of quercetin on breast cancer cell proliferation. Results 17|3-es-tradiol ( E2 ) promoted the proliferation of MCF-7 breast cancer cells, while 5 jjunol L quercetin reversed the promoting effect of E2 on proliferation ( P 0. 05 ) . Quercetin had no effect on MB231 breast cancer cells. Overexpression of ERa significantly inhibited the pro-proliferative effect of E2 on MB231-ERa cells, and quercetin further suppressed this effect. Additionally , quercetin inhibited the expression of MALAT-1. However,this inhibitory effect was reversed by overexpression of MALAT-1, leading to enhanced cell proliferation , cell cycle progression, and clonal formation a-bility. Conclusions Quercetin exerts its anti-tumor effects on breast cancer cells by regulating MALAT-1, dependent on the presence of estrogen receptor. Quercetin shows potential as a therapeutic drug for breast cancer targeting the estrogen receptor.

2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 434-440, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and potential mechanism of dihydromyricetin (Dmy) on H9C2 cell proliferation, apoptosis, and autophagy.@*METHODS@#H9C2 cells were randomly divided into 7 groups, namely control, model, EV (empty pCDH-CMV-MCS-EF1-CopGFP-T2A-Puro vector), IV (circHIPK3 interference), Dmy (50 µ mol/L), Dmy+IV, and Dmy+EV groups. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were detected by cell counting kit-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectivley. Western blot was used to evaluate the levels of light chain 3 II/I (LC3II/I), phospho-phosphoinositide 3-kinase (p-PI3K), protein kinase B (p-AKT), and phospho-mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR). The level of circHIPK3 was determined using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Electron microscopy was used to observe autophagosomes in H9C2 cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared to H9C2 cells, the expression of circHIPK in H9C2 hypoxia model cells increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared to the control group, the cell apoptosis and autophagosomes increased, cell proliferation rate decreased significantly, and the expression of LC3 II/I significantly increased (all P<0.05). Compared to the model group, the rate of apoptosis and autophagosomes in IV, Dmy, and Dmy+IV group decreased, the cell proliferation rate increased, and the expression of LC3 II/I decreased significantly (all P<0.05). Compared to the control group, the expressions of p-PI3K, p-AKT, and p-mTOR in the model group significantly reduced (P<0.05), whereas after treatment with Dmy and sh-circHIPK3, the above situation was reversed (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Dmy plays a protective role in H9C2 cells by inhibiting circHIPK expression and cell apoptosis and autophagy, and the mechanism may be related to PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.


Subject(s)
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis , Autophagy
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2471-2483, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937052

ABSTRACT

In order to clarify the pharmacodynamic substances and mechanism of Xiangju Preparations (Xiangju Tablets, Xiangju Drops) in the treatment of rhinitis and sinusitis, the multi-level network integration analysis of "ingredients-targets-pathways" was conducted. 137 chemical constituents were identified in Xiangju Preparations by high pressure liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-QTOF/MS) for the first time. Network pharmacology analysis was performed on 59 potential active components. The results of network pharmacology analysis demonstrated that the medicinal ingredients in Xiangju Preparations included caffeic acid, senkyunolide F, rosmarinic acid, ligustilide, prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, linarin, magnolin, luteolin, senkyunolide I and gallic acid. These ingredients act on the crucial targets of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin 1B (IL1B), protein kinase B (AKT1), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and participate in the regulation of advanced glycosylation end products-receptor of AGEs (AGE-RAGE), TNF, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), and cyclic guanosine monophosphate-protein kinase G (cGMP-PKG) signaling pathways to effectively treat rhinitis and sinusitis. The excellent binding performance between above 10 active components and 5 key target proteins was further confirmed by molecular docking, indicating that these 10 ingredients are pharmacodynamic substances of Xiangju preparations. In conclusion, this study preliminarily clarified the effective components and mechanism of Xiangju preparations in the treatment of rhinitis and sinusitis, and provided a theoretical basis for the clinical application of Xiangju preparations.

4.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 391-396, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881473

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the current situation of food safety risk monitoring ability of centers for disease control and prevention (CDCs) in a province, and provide reference for strengthening the construction of food safety monitoring ability in the future. Methods:A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted among 14 CDCs who are responsible for food safety risk monitoring in the province in 2018. Results:The ratio of food inspection staff with senior, middle, and primary professional titles was 1∶1∶1. The educational background of food inspection staff at the provincial and municipal levels was mainly bachelor degree or above, while that of county level directly under the administration of the province was mainly college degree. The age composition of the staff at the provincial level tended to be elder; however, there were more staff with less working experience at the county level. The qualification proportion of laboratory area was 50%. The distribution proportion of food inspection equipment in the CDC at all levels was 83.3%, 79.5% and 36.3%, respectively. In total, 14 CDCs completed the monitoring task as required. They were all accredited with laboratory qualifications; however, one CDC did not conduct re-evaluation after the certification of food inspection qualification expired. Each CDC ensured the accuracy and reliability of monitoring data through the supervision in food testing. Conclusion:The food safety risk monitoring ability of the CDCs in the province is continuously improved, which can meet the needs of routine monitoring. However, the composition of professional titles of food inspection staff is not very reasonable. There is still a gap between the equipment configuration and the national requirements. The ability of food inspection needs to be improved, in which quality management and laboratory qualification should be further strengthened.

5.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 685-695, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921527

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the stemness characteristics of uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma(UCEC)and its potential regulatory mechanism.Methods Transcriptome sequencing data of UCEC was obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas.Gene expression profile was normalized by edgeR package in R3.5.1.A one-class logistic regression machine learning algorithm was employed to calculated the mRNA stemness index(mRNAsi)of each UCEC sample.Then,the prognostic significance of mRNAsi and candidate genes was evaluated by survminer and survival packages.The high-frequency sub-pathways mining approach(HiFreSP)was used to identify the prognosis-related sub-pathways enriched with differentially expressed genes(DEGs).Subsequently,a gene co-expression network was constructed using WGCNA package,and the key gene modules were analyzed.The clusterProfiler package was adopted to the function annotation of the modules highly correlated with mRNAsi.Finally,the Human Protein Atlas(HPA)was retrieved for immunohistochemical validation.Results The mRNAsi of UCEC samples was significantly higher than that of normal tissues(


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2 , Endometrial Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Mad2 Proteins , Multigene Family , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Prognosis , Securin
6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 37-44, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905737

ABSTRACT

Results and Conclusion:Voice disorders are classified to Voice Disturbance (MA82), within the category of Symptoms or Signs Involving Speech or Voice. Voice disorders may be symptoms or signs of Speech Disturbance (MA80), Malignant Neoplasms of Larynx (2C23), Intracerebral Haemorrhage (8B00), Oedema of Larynx (CA0H.3), and the others. Voice disorder is impairment at body function, and influence activity and participation (d3, d7, d8 and d9), which may involve in environmental and personal factors. The evaluation of voice function involes in production of voice (b3100) and quality of voice (b3101). A structured rehabilitation solution has been developed with the interventions at body structure, body function, activities and participation, environmental factors and personal factors, including assessment (assessment, test, observation), training and treatment (training, assisting), educational counseling (education, advicing, counseling), and support (psychological and social). Objective:To explore diagnosis and assessment of voice function and develop a framework of rehabilitation for it based on International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision (ICD-11), International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI). Methods:The diagnostic criteria of voice disorders and its complications were discussed with ICD-11 and ICF. The tools of assessment were analysed with ICF. A comprehensive intervention system was developed for the rehabilitation of voice function based on the joint use of ICF and ICHI.

7.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 453-456, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772628

ABSTRACT

We report a clinical case of type Ⅲ dens invaginatus with endodontic-periodontal lesion in a maxillary lateral incisor. The palatal radicular anomaly predisposed the tooth to periodontal lesions. The caries along the palatal groove caused tooth pulp necrosis and periapical lesions. By means of microscopic root canal therapy, apical surgery, and guided periodontal tissue regeneration, the apical and periodontal infection were controlled, and the affected tooth was retained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dens in Dente , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Incisor , Root Canal Therapy
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 236-243, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779868

ABSTRACT

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) includes a spectrum of disorders ranging from asymptomatic steatosis, alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH), fibrosis and cirrhosis. According to epidemical statistics, ALD has been ranked as the second major cause of liver diseases in China. Many animal models have been made in the study of potential therapies. However, in most of the models, the pathological changes are not always consistent with those in patients. There are three widely used short-term animal models of ALD:the acute alcoholic liver injury model, Gao-binge steatohepatitis model and CCl4-alcohol diet induced liver fibrosis model. In this study, we evaluated the pathological responses of these models and compared the responses with the clinical parameters. The liver/body weight ratio was increased and liver histological lesions were induced in alcoholic groups in the three models, while the levels of biochemical parameters and inflammatory factors were affected by different type of treatments. In the acute alcoholic model, the mRNA levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-C motif chemokine receptor-2 (CCL2) were surprisingly decreased, which was consistent with the transcriptome profile in patients (P P IL-6 and CCL2 (P CCL2 was impacted differently at various stages of ALDs, which can be considered as a potential biomarker.

9.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 795-799, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818065

ABSTRACT

Objective At present, studies on the calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) in the pathogenesis of epilepsy are carried out in animal models in vivo and in single cells cultured in vitro. This study was to investigate the expression of CaSR and its relationship with the MAPK pathway in the rat model of epilepsy.Methods The neurons and cardiomyocytes of 3-day-old Wistar rats were cultured for 10 days and randomly divided into groups A (control), B (magnesium-free), C (magnesium free+spermine), D (magnesium free+calhex231), and E (magnesium free+spermine+calhex231). The model of epilepsy was made by abnormal discharge of the neurons induced by coculturing magnesium-free extracellular fluid with cardiomyocytes. The morphological changes of the cells were observed by HE staining and transmission electron microscopy, their survival rate detected by MTT, and the expressions of the CaSR, Bcl-2, P-ERK, P-JNK and P-P38 proteins in the cocultured cells determined by Western blot.Results Compared with the cells in group B, those in group C were swollen and broken with nuclear fragmentation, those in group D showed a relative integrity, and those in group E were also swollen and broken but improved in comparison with those in group C. The survival rates of the cells were (61.08±15.44)%, (82.80±14.37)% and (82.04±17.37)% in groups C, D and E, respectively, all significantly lower than in A (\[100.00±0.00\]%, P<0.01) and B (\[88.88±9.85\]%, P<0.01). The expression of CaSR was markedly higher in group B than in A (\[0.73±0.19\] vs \[0.45±0.12\], P<0.01) but lower than in C (1.32±0.15) and E (1.19±0.12) (P<0.01). The expression levels of Bcl-2 and P-ERK were remarkably lower in group B than in A but higher than in C (P<0.01), and those of P-JNK and P-P38 significantly higher in group B than in A and lower than in C and E (P<0.05).Conclusion Magnesium-free extracellular fluid can damage neurons and cardiomyocytes, increase the expression of CaSR, participate in the MAPK signaling pathway, and mediate the apoptosis of neurons and cardiomyocytes, while CaSR inhibitors can relieve the CaSR agonist-induced damage to the cells.

10.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 603-606,610, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661624

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of epidemic hemorrhagic fever (EHF) in Chinese PLA, and to provide scientific evidence for its prevention and control in military troops .Methods Surveillance data from January 1991 to July 2016 and articles of EHF about PLA were collected and analysed .Results A total of 23 EHF outbreaks were reported by articles in PLA and 17 outbreaks were reported in Northeast , predominant of all reported area and accounting for 73.91%( P <0.01).1666 cases and 12 outbreaks were reported by the system of army epidemic situation inspection information administration and army public health emergencies and infectious disease reporting information from January 1991 to July 2016 , with downward trend of overall incidence , which distributed 734 cases in North China and accounted for 46%(P<0.01).The number of male patients is more than the female (P<0.01).The number of soldier patients is obviously increased compared with the officer (P<0.05).Camp is the most infected place(P<0.05). Conclusion The occurrence of EHF become stable in the PLA , which showed significant difference in gender , occupation categories and infected regions was found .Monitoring should be straightened and comprehensive prevention and control measures should be developed to enhance the ability and level to prevent and control the EHF in high epidemic area in PLA .

11.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 603-606,610, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658705

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of epidemic hemorrhagic fever (EHF) in Chinese PLA, and to provide scientific evidence for its prevention and control in military troops .Methods Surveillance data from January 1991 to July 2016 and articles of EHF about PLA were collected and analysed .Results A total of 23 EHF outbreaks were reported by articles in PLA and 17 outbreaks were reported in Northeast , predominant of all reported area and accounting for 73.91%( P <0.01).1666 cases and 12 outbreaks were reported by the system of army epidemic situation inspection information administration and army public health emergencies and infectious disease reporting information from January 1991 to July 2016 , with downward trend of overall incidence , which distributed 734 cases in North China and accounted for 46%(P<0.01).The number of male patients is more than the female (P<0.01).The number of soldier patients is obviously increased compared with the officer (P<0.05).Camp is the most infected place(P<0.05). Conclusion The occurrence of EHF become stable in the PLA , which showed significant difference in gender , occupation categories and infected regions was found .Monitoring should be straightened and comprehensive prevention and control measures should be developed to enhance the ability and level to prevent and control the EHF in high epidemic area in PLA .

12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 49-53, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a 15-plex rapid STR multiplex amplification system.@*METHODS@#Fourteen auto-chromosome loci and one sex-chromosome were selected to compare the situations of allelic losses and nonspecific amplication under different conditions. FastStart Taq DNA polymerase and DNA standard sample 9947A were used during amplification and optimization process.15-plex rapid STR amplification system was achieved by performing various experiments including selection of amplification conditions and the volume of DNA polymerase, adjustment of inter-locus balance, optimization of rapid amplification, screening of reaction buffers, selection of reaction volume, and a variety of additives.@*RESULTS@#Using 10 μL rapid PCR system, including 1 ng DNA templates, 0.4 μL polymerase and 10xFastStart high fidelity reaction buffer, a complete and well-balance DNA profile of 15 STR loci for standard genomic DNA was obtained in 32 minutes, without the allele drop-out and non-specific amplicons. Meanwhile, 5% glycerinum, 0.01% gelatin, 0.05% gelatin and 5 mmol/L ammonium sulfate could be used as the reactive additive during the amplification procedure.@*CONCLUSION@#The 15-plex rapid STR multiplex amplification system can be used to decrease reaction time and enhance sample throughput.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Chromosome Mapping , DNA/genetics , DNA Fingerprinting/methods , Forensic Genetics/methods , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Racial Groups/genetics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tandem Repeat Sequences
13.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 51-55, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355591

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of Compound Salvia miltiorrhiza Injection (CSI) on aquaporin 3 (AQP3) expression in human amniotic epithelial cells (hAECs), and to explore its mechanisms for treating oligohydramnios.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The hAECs selected from 8 human term pregnancies with oligohydramnios and no other complications (as the test group)and 8 human term pregnancies with normal amniotic fluid volume (as the control group) were primarily cultured. The mRNA and protein expressions of AQP3 in hAECs were detected using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot with various concentrations of CSI (0.000, 0.001, 0.010, 0.020, 0.060, and 0.100 mg/mL, respectively) at different time points (0, 6, 12,24, and 48 h, respectively).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Compared with the control group, the AQP3 expression was down-regulated in the test group (P < 0.05). (2) The AQP3 expression in the two groups reached the peak when the concentration of CSI was 0.010 mg/mL, showing statistical difference when compared with other concentrations (P < 0.05). (3) The AQP3 expression reached the peak when 0.010 mg/mL CSI acted for 12 h, showing statistical difference when compared with other concentrations (P < 0.05). (4) The AQP3 expression was up-regulated in the two groups when 0.010 mg/mL CSI acted for 12 h. But the up-regulated AQP3 expression was more obvious in the test group than in the control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CSI could regulate the AQP3 expression in hAECs. CSI showed more obvious effects on the AQP3 expression in hAECs of oligohydramnios human term pregnancies.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Amnion , Cell Biology , Aquaporin 3 , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Salvia miltiorrhiza
14.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (6): 794-797, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634098

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of family environment in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in clinics, and analyse the risk factors for ADHD. Methods Two thousand two hundred and ninety-six children with inattention, hyperactivity or unfavourable school performance were subjected to diagnosis with DSM-Ⅳ criteria in clinics. The characteristics of family environment were investigated by self-prepared questionnaires. The risk factors for ADHD were explored by univariate analysis and noneonditioned multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Results Seven hundred and twenty children were diagnosed with ADHD. There were significant differences in family environment between children with ADHD and those without(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The risk factors for ADHD included discord between parents, parental smoking and maternal depression during pregnancy and after delivery, while older age, female, paternal higher educational background were protective factors for ADHD. Conclusion Unfavourable family environment may be associated with the prevalence of ADHD, and special attention should be paid to the family environment in the treatment of ADHD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 51-54, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349495

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the mode of intervention for children with language developmental delay under the current condition of China.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The study population consisted of a cross-sectional convenience sample of 206 children, ages 13 - 24 months, from six communities of Qingpu in Shanghai. Parents were asked to complete detailed questionnaires about their child's spontaneous use of vocabularies. Fourteen children with vocabularies less than 5 percentile of every age group were identified as having language developmental delay. During the 12-month intervention, developmental pediatricians did the developmental assessment for every child and set goals of intervention for everybody according to their language abilities and family situation. Then kindergarten teachers who got the training in language therapy carried out the intervention. Gesell development scale was used for developmental assessment before and after the intervention.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The developmental quotient (DQ) in areas of language and personal-social behavior was elevated significantly after 12 months of intervention (P < 0.01). The developmental quotient (DQ) in the area of adaptive behavior was also elevated (P < 0.05). There was an obvious catching up effect in both areas of language and personal-social behavior. Increased developmental age in both areas was (18.0 +/- 5.3) months and (16.2 +/- 5.9) months, respectively. The language ability of 71.4% samples was in the normal range at the end.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The mode of medical and educational cooperation to give early intervention for children with language developmental delay is feasible. It can significantly improve the abilities in language and communication of children 1 - 2 years of age.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Early Intervention, Educational , Language Development Disorders , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Language Tests , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 167-171, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349463

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Applying three treatment methods for enuresis in children with primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) in a randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT) to compare the curative effects and characteristics of the three methods.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>If the parents and children consented to accept the treatment for 4 months and to keep on follow-up, the children diagnosed as primary nocturnal enuresis in the department of developmental and behavioral pediatrics in Shanghai Children's Medical Center from April 2003 to August 2004 were randomized into three groups: 52 children were in physio-psychological treatment group and were treated by utilizing the conditioning training role of alarm and other psychological and behavioral training programs; 46 children were in drug treatment group and were treated by taking DDAVP tablets orally; 40 children were in combined treatment group who were treated by applying the former two methods simultaneously. If the parents and children did not accept treatment, they were enrolled into the control group and were followed-up. Then, the curative effects of the four groups were compared statistically when the 4-month treatment was over and compared again 3 months later.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Applying the physio-psychological treatment for 4 months, the short-term cure rate of children with enuresis was 75.0%. Three months after the end of the treatment, the long-term cure rate was 71.2%. As for drug treatment group, the short-term cure rate of children with enuresis was 47.8%, the long-term cure rate was 28.3%; As for combined treatment group, the short-term cure rate of children with enuresis was 85.0%, the long-term cure rate was 80.0%. The short-term and long-term curative effects of physio-psychological treatment group and combined treatment group were better than that of drug treatment group (P < 0.01). However, the short-term and long-term curative effects were not significantly different between physio-psychological treatment and combined treatment group (P > 0.05). Physio-psychological treatment exerts effects slowly, but showed sustained curative effects. While Drug treatment exerts effects rapidly, but the relapse rate was very high after discontinuation of the medication.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Physio-psychological treatment and drug treatment are currently generally recognized the best ways to treat enuresis, both of them are suitable for Chinese enuresis children, both of them showed good curative effects. Physio-psychological treatment develops children's ability to control nocturnal micturition, its curative effects were better than that of the drug treatment whilst its relapse rate is lower as compared to drug treatment. So, physio-psychological treatment is more suitable for widespread use to treat PNE in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Antidiuretic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Behavior Therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Deamino Arginine Vasopressin , Therapeutic Uses , Nocturnal Enuresis , Drug Therapy , Psychology , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 210-213, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309244

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical characteristics and speech therapy of 62 children with lingua-apical articulation disorder.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT), Gesell development scales (Gesell), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Preschool Children (WPPSI) and speech test were performed for 62 children at the ages of 3 to 8 years with lingua-apical articulation disorder. PPVT was used to measure receptive vocabulary skills. GESELL and WPPSI were utilized to represent cognitive and non-verbal ability. The speech test was adopted to assess the speech development. The children received speech therapy and auxiliary oral-motor functional training once or twice a week. Firstly the target sound was identified according to the speech development milestone, then the method of speech localization was used to clarify the correct articulation placement and manner. It was needed to change food character and administer oral-motor functional training for children with oral motor dysfunction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 62 cases with the apical articulation disorder were classified into four groups. The combined pattern of the articulation disorder was the most common (40 cases, 64.5%), the next was apico-dental disorder (15 cases, 24.2%). The third was palatal disorder (4 cases, 6.5%) and the last one was the linguo-alveolar disorder (3 cases, 4.8%). The substitution errors of velar were the most common (95.2%), the next was omission errors (30.6%) and the last was absence of aspiration (12.9%). Oral motor dysfunction was found in some children with problems such as disordered joint movement of tongue and head, unstable jaw, weak tongue strength and poor coordination of tongue movement. Some children had feeding problems such as preference of eating soft food, keeping food in mouths, eating slowly, and poor chewing. After 5 to 18 times of therapy, the effective rate of speech therapy reached 82.3%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The lingua-apical articulation disorders can be classified into four groups. The combined pattern of the articulation errors is the most common one. Most of the apical sounds are replaced by velar sounds. The speech localization method is very useful in the therapy of apical articulation disorder. For children with feeding problems and oral motor dysfunction, it is needed to improve food texture and administer oral motor skill training.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Articulation Disorders , Classification , Therapeutics , Child Development , Feeding and Eating Disorders of Childhood , Therapeutics , Intelligence Tests , Language Tests , Motor Skills Disorders , Therapeutics , Speech Therapy
18.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 337-339, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236625

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study classification of the articulation errors, find the related factors which affect the therapy effect, and compare the therapy effect in the different patterns of the phonemic errors and build up a clinical model of the speech therapy on the basis of more than 4 years speech therapy in the clinic.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>After excluding the organic articulation disorders, 91 cases of consonant phonemic errors were classified into different patterns according to the phonemic placement errors. The 91 cases were divided into two groups as effective one and ineffective one depending on whether the symptoms disappeared or not after the speech therapy. Ten factors including sex, age, oral-motor function problem, developmental delay, history of language development delay, history of middle ear affection, lingua frenata, mental retardation, the therapy frequency and times, were analyzed. The statistics software SPSS (SPSS Inc, 1997) was applied to show the factors related to the therapy effect by logistic multiple stepwise regression analysis. The therapy effect was compared between the single pattern (phonemic error < 2 groups) and multiple pattern (phonemic errors > or = 2 groups).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 91 cases with consonant phonemic errors were classified into four groups. The multiple pattern of the articulation errors was the most common (37 cases, 41%) among the 4 groups, followed by velar errors (33 cases, 36%). The third one was the apico-dental errors (12 cases, 13%) and the last one was the linguo-alveolar errors (8 cases, 9%). Only one case had labiodental error (/f/). The logistic multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that the history of the positive developmental delay, language delay and the frequency of the speech therapy were related to the therapy effect. The effective rate of the speech therapy in the single pattern of the phonemic error was as high as 87% while the one in the multiple pattern group was only 2.7%. The difference was significant (P < 0.000 1) when the therapy effect in these two groups was compared. The clinical model of the speech therapy included speech assessment, designing of the goal, choice of the target sound, sound production and oral-motor functional training.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The consonant phonemic errors in the clinic represent four groups. The developmental delay, the language delay and frequency of the speech therapy influence the therapy effect. The frequency of the speech therapy should be increased every week, for example not less two times a week. The therapy effect of the single pattern of the phonemic errors is much better than that of the multiple pattern. The primary model of the speech therapy has been built in the clinics.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Articulation Disorders , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Speech Therapy , Voice Training
19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 435-438, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291831

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand prevalence of sleep problems and presence of improper sleep habit of children aged one to 23 months in Shanghai, and to identify their related factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally, 1 252 normal children, without severe illness and abnormal delivery history, aged one to 23 months were randomly selected from five districts of Shanghai. Under strict quality control system, their parents were interviewed with questionnaire to look into their familial and social environment, as well as sleep-related factors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fully-completed information was obtained in 1 129 of 1 252 children, with a response rate of 90.18%. Prevalence of sleep problems in children was 65.90% in Shanghai, remarkably higher than in the other areas. Prevalence of nightmare, level of fright at night, snore and sleep apnea in boys were significantly higher than those in girls. Prevalence of improper sleep habit in children was also higher, including sleeping with their parents, parental presence at sleep onset and irregular sleep time. Main risk factors related to children's sleep problems were maternal anxiety, children's irregular sleep time, parental presence at sleep onset, difficulty-type temperament and maternal poor sleep during pregnancy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In Shanghai, prevalence of sleep problems in children aged one to 23 months was relatively higher and main risk factors for them were social, cultural and familial environment, especially negligence of cultivating proper sleep habit and parental improper response to children's poor sleep behavior.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Adaptation, Psychological , China , Epidemiology , Maternal Behavior , Psychology , Mother-Child Relations , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Sleep Wake Disorders , Epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Time Factors
20.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683399

ABSTRACT

Objectives To summarize the characteristics,differential diagnosis and management of incomplete 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-1yase deficiency(17 OHD)of Chinese patients.Methods Six cases of incomplete 17 OHD from Peking Union Medical College Hospital were studied retrospectively through analyzing their clinical data,and the molecular pathogenic mechanism was discussed after literature review.Results Four cases of 46,XX incomplete 17 OHD were reported.The clinical characteristics included female phenotype,various degrees of breast development and absent or sparse axillary/pubic hair, oligomenorrhea or secondary amenorrhea,recurrent luteinized ovarian cysts,hypogonadism with persistent hyperprogesteronemia or high serum 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone level,with or without hypokalemic hypertension.There were also 2 cases of 46,XY incomplete 17 OHD,in which ambiguous genitalia were present besides hypokalemic hypertension.Conclusions Incomplete 17 OHD is a very rare form of congenital enzymatic deficiencies of steroid synthesis,which should be included in the differential diagnosis when there are menstrual disorders,sexual infantilism,recurrent ovarian cysts or ambiguous genitalia.Under such circumstances,hyperprogesteronemia offers a valuable clue for further investigation.

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