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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 890-893, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934832

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the development of grip strength and its relationship with body weight, height and body composition in preschool children.@*Methods@#Data was collected from 900 children aged 3-6 years in 4 preschools in Beijing during Sept. to Oct. of 2020. A questionnaire survey (birth weight, dietary and exercise), height, weight, bioelectrical impedance analysis of body composition and dominant hand grip strength tests were conducted. Partial correlational analysis, multivariate linear regression were used for association between grip strength and body composition.@*Results@#The grip strength gradually increased with age, from (5.2±1.7) to (9.3±2.5)kg in boys ( F=57.93, P <0.01), and from (4.3±1.6) to (7.9±2.5)kg in girls ( F=48.77, P <0.01). Grip strength in boys were significant higher than that of girls ( t=6.42, P <0.01). The grip strength increased with weight status in boys ( F=5.35, P <0.01), with highest in obese group, followed by overweight and normal weight group. After adjusted for height, weight and birth weight, as well as maternal education, food consumption during the past week, grip strength in boys was positively correlated with fat free mass, upper limb muscle mass ( r=0.11, 0.09, P <0.05), and negatively correlated with body fat mass ( r=-0.18, P <0.05). Grip strength in girls was negatively correlated with body fat mass, and positively correlated with fat free mass ( r= -0.09, 0.09, P <0.05). Grip strength varied significantly by age, fat free mass and upper muscle mass in boys ( F=66.75, P < 0.01), and by age and fat free mass in girls ( F=150.81, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The grip strength can partially reflect changes in fat free mass for boys and girls, it also reflect changes in upper limb muscle mass for boys. Increases in fat free mass helps grip strength improvement.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930149

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prescriptions for the treatment for epigastric pain in A Hundred Years of Traditional Chinese Medicine Clinicians in China. Methods:The clinical medical records of well-known TCM doctors for the treatment of epigastric pain were included in the A Hundred Years of Traditional Chinese Medicine Clinicians in China. The database of clinical prescriptions and medicines was built, and the ancient and the Ancient and Modern Medical Records Cloud Platform (V 2.1) was applied and the evaluation of drug efficacy, sex, taste, and menstruation were conducted. Descriptive analysis, association rules, hierarchical clustering, and complex network analysis were applied in the rule of medication, drug pairs and core prescriptions. Results:Data was cleaned according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and 270 prescriptions were collected, involving 265 kinds of drugs, and the cumulative frequency of drug use was 3 249. The analysis showed that the drugs commonly used by famous traditional Chinese medicine doctors for the treatment of epigastric pain were mainly warm drugs, tast-balance drugs, and mildly cold drugs. The main flavors of medicines were pungent medicines, bitter medicines, sweet medicines, and effects were mainly drugs that regulate qi, clear heat, and invigorate the spleen. The frequency of drug meridians mainly belonged to spleen meridian, stomach meridian, lung meridian, liver meridian, heart meridian. The effects of the drug were mainly to dry dampness, reduce side effects, regulate qi, clear heat, invigorate spleen, and soften liver and analgesics. Association rule analysis found that the commonly used drug pairs were Pinellia- Tangerine Peel, Atractylodes Macrocephala- Poria, Poria- Tangerine Peel, Atractylodes- Tangerine Peel, Amomum tangerine Peel, Ochre- generation- Inula, Rhizoma Coptis- Evodia, and so on. Cluster analysis showed that Liujunzi Decoction, Zuojin Pill, and Shaoyao Gancao Decoction were mainly used. The drug complex network diagram showed that the core prescription of the drug is Xiangsha Liujunzi Decoction. Conclusion:The well-known TCM doctor focuses on strengthening the spleen and regulating qi, reconciling qi and blood, The treatment identified that the mutual warming and clearing, tonifying and deoppilation, and neutral are the main principles.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 609-620, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881159

ABSTRACT

The Hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway plays important roles in gastrointestinal carcinogenesis and the gastrointestinal tumor microenvironment (TME). Aberrant HH signaling activation may accelerate the growth of gastrointestinal tumors and lead to tumor immune tolerance and drug resistance. The interaction between HH signaling and the TME is intimately involved in these processes, for example, tumor growth, tumor immune tolerance, inflammation, and drug resistance. Evidence indicates that inflammatory factors in the TME, such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interferon-

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1108-1115, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708633

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the treatment effect and study the efficacy of the elastic intramedullary nails for the treatment of primary aneurysmal bone cysts in limbs.Methods Twenty one children with primary aneurysmal bone cystsadmitted to and treated in Shanghai Children's Hospital from 2012 January to 2016 June were studied retrospectively.There were 18 males and 3 females,with overall age of 1-14 years old and median age of 5 years old.The lesions were mainly located in the femur,tibia,fibula and humerus.They were divided into 2 groups according to the treatment plan.The patients of the experimentgroup received curettage and bone grafts with high-speed burring and elastic intramedullary nail.The patients of the control group received curettage and bone grafts with high-speed burring.According to the imaging results (Neer grading) and MSTS functional evaluation,the curative effect of the children of the 2 groups were analyzed statistically.Results The cure children were followed up for more than 2 yearswith follow-up time range of 24-48 months (mean value of 32.29±8.22 months).Five patients had a recurrence,with mean postoperative recurrence time of 10±2.66 months.A total of 5 patients of the control group perceived curettage and bone grafts with high-speed burring and a total of 16 patients of the experimentgroup received curettage and bone grafts with high-speed burring andelastic intramedullary nail.According to the imaging results (Neer grading) and MSTS function evaluation,Neer grading was 3 cases for grade Ⅰ,0 case for grade Ⅱ,1 case for grade Ⅲ and 12 cases for grade Ⅳ in the experiment groups.That was 1 case for grade Ⅰ,1 case for grade Ⅱ,2 cases for grade Ⅲ and 1 case for grade Ⅳ in the control group.The ABC recurrence rate of experimental group (18.8%) was lower than matched group (40%),while there was no significant difference.We found that MSTS functional scores of experimental group was significantly higher than the matched group (28.88±2.22 vs 20.80± 10.38,t=3.058,P=0.006).According to postoperative MSTS functional evaluation,we found that even the patients in the study group with recurrencewere also able to participate in physical exercises,without further occurrence of pathological fracture and the postoperative life quality was greatly improved.Conclusion Curettage and bone grafts with high-speed burring andelastic intramedullary nail can significantly reduce the recurrence rate of primary aneurysmal bone cysts in the four limbs.Meanwhile the MSTS function evaluation of the recurrence cases in this group all achieve to a satisfactory level.The reason of recurrence may be correlated to patient age and the distance between the focus and epiphyseal plate.Therefore,an appropriate treatment protocol is helpful in reducing the relapse rate and improving the patients' postoperative living quality.

5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 912-916, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810354

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) at 3.0T in differential diagnosis of the origin of adenocarcinoma at the junction of the lower uterine segment and endocervix.@*Methods@#71 patients with adenocarcinoma at the junction of the lower uterine segment and endocervix were retrospectively collected. Pelvic MR examinations, including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) sequences, were performed within 2 weeks before surgery. MR images were analyzed and measured by two radiologists, including the location of the tumor center, the enhancement pattern, the anterior and posterior diameters, the left and right diameters, the upper and lower diameters, and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the tumor. Immunohistochemical method was used as gold standard in distinguishing cervical adenocarcinoma and uterine adenocarcinoma.@*Results@#The upper and lower diameters of uterine adenocarcinoma were [(5.80±2.31) cm], significantly larger than those of cervical adenocarcinoma [(4.16±2.17) cm, P=0.009]. Using 4.5cm as the best cutoff point value, the sensitivity and specificity in distinguishing uterine adenocarcinoma and cervical adenocarcinoma were 68.4% and 65.4%, respectively. According to the location of tumor center, the sensitivity and specificity were 84.2% and 73.1%, respectively. Using tumor enhancement pattern as the criterion, the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosing uterine adenocarcinoma and cervical adenocarcinoma were 68.4% and 80.8% respectively.@*Conclusions@#MRI has certain clinical value in evaluating the origin of adenocarcinoma at the junction of the lower uterine segment and endocervix. The lesions can be diagnosed according to the main location, the characteristics of dynamic enhancement and the growth pattern of the tumor.

6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4613-4615, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668309

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the expression change of PTGFR gene in hip joint tissues of development dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and its correlation with DDH pathogenesis .Methods Eight age-and gender-matched children with DDH (DDH group) and control children (control group) were enrolled for conducting the compaison .The real-time quantitative PCR method and West-ern-blot method were adopted to detect the PTGFR mRNA and protein expression levels .Results PTGFR mRNA expression level in the hip articular capsule and ligamentum teres of the DDH group were significantly decreased compared with those of the control group (t=3 .472 ,2 .887 ,P<0 .05 ,) .The PTGFR protein expression level in the hip articular capsule and ligamentum teres of the DDH group were significantly decreased compared with those of the control group (t=5 .488 ,3 .942 ,P<0 .05) .Conclusion PTG-FR could play an important role in DDH pathogenesis and may be one of DDH pathogenic genes .

7.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1156-1158, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466037

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of hyperglycemia on Hypersensitive C-reaction protein (hsCRP),B-type natriuretic peptide(BNP) and ventricular remodeling in elder patients with acute myocardial infarction(AMI).Methods One hundred and twenty elder patients with AMI are divided into hyperglycemia group(blood sugar in admission > 7.8 mmol/L) and non-glycemia group(blood sugar in admission ≤7.8 mmol/L).The levels of blood sugar in admission,hsCRP,BNP were detected.LVEF,LVEDD,LVESD,WMS were observed by cardiac echo in admission and two weeks after therapy.Results The blood sugar in admission,hsCRP and BNP of the patients in hyperglycemia group were (9.6 ± 0.6) mmol/L,(1 750.6 ±677.1) ng/L,(56.1 ±38.6) ng/L,higher than those in non-glycemia group (t =38.679 and P =0.000; t =11.941 and P =0.000; t =3.288 and P <0.01,respectively).LVEF,LVEDD,LVESD and WMS of patients in hyperglycemia group didn't show statistical significance before and after therapy.However,there were significant in hyperglycemia group (t =2.049 and P =0.043,t =2.836 and P =0.005,t =3.814 and P =0.000,t =2.086 and P =0.039,respectively).Conclusion Hyperglycemia can reduce the increase of hsCRP and BNP,which has an impact on hsCRP,BNP and ventricular remodeling in elder patients with acute myocardial infarction,but the mechanism need to further research.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419420

ABSTRACT

Treatment of gynaeeological cancer frequently results in the loss of ovarian function and menopausal syndrome.The most effective treatment is hormone replacement therapy (HRT).According to the current studies,HRT does not increase the risk of recurrence or death in patients with early stage endometrial cancer and uterine leiomyosarcomas. The safety of HRT in ovarian cancer patients is inconclusive. Cervical squamous cell carcinoma, vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer are not contraindications for HRT. Estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) is contraindicated for low-grade endometrial stromal sarcomas. Therefore,after integrated risk assessment and discussion,patients with severe menopausal symptoms can be treated with HRT to improve the quality of life.

9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 143-145, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417988

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of calciotropic hormones,such as parathyroid hormone (PTH)and vitamin D,on bone mineral density(BMD)in the old men with type 2-Diabetes.Methods Sixty elderly men with type 2-Diabetes were submitted to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to evaluate the BMD at lumbar spine and hip.Fasting blood samples were collected to evaluate the indexes of bone metablism and blood glucose.PTH and 25-(OH)-Vitamin D3 were measured and analyzed for their correlation with BMD at different sites.Results In all patients,the percentage of osteoporosis and osteopenia accounted for 20.0% and 53.3% of the patients according to BMD at lumbar or hip.Compared with the patient group with normal BMD,serum PTH was significantly higher in the patient group with osteopenia or osteoporsis([44.87 ± 10.62]μg/L vs[36.96 ±12.36]μg/L,P < 0.05 ;[50.24 ± 20.32]μg/L vs[36.96 ± 12.36]μg/L,P < 0.05).But there was no difference in 25-(OH)-Vitamin D3 levels between all groups.PTH was correlated negatively with BMD at hip (r =-0.224,P < 0.05),but not significantly correlated with BMD at lumbar(r =-0.187,P > 0.05)Conclusions Serum PTH was correlated negatively with BMD at hip in elderly man with type 2-Diabetes.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 13-16, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416311

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the level of morning blood pressure surge (MBPS) and High-sensitivity C-reactive protein( hs-CRP) in acute coronary events among old patients and to evaluate their clinical value. Methods One hundred and twenty - three patients with coronary disease were divided into two groups, each of which was old myocardial infarction(OMI, n = 55) and old myocardial infarction with acute cardiovascular syndrome (OMI + ACS, n =68). The control group includes the patients without coronary disease( n =50). The patients who have infection, malignant tumors, liver and kidney dysfunction, blood diseases, valvular heart diseases, congenital heart diseases, aortic dissection,secondary hypertension were not included. All groups were received 24 hours ambulatory blood pressure monitoring to calculate MBPS and the determination of hs-CRP in serum. Results Compared with each two groups, the levels of MBPS and hs-CRP in OMI group were significantly higher than those of the control group (0. 01 < P <0. 05) , and had more significance in the other groups ( P <0.01). The levels of MBPS and hs-CRP had positive relationship in coronary events in the elderly ( r =0. 76, P <0. 01) . Conclusion The level of MBPS is positively correlated with serum hs-CRP which is one of key risk factors of inflammatory reactions by impairing vessels in body. The two factors both play important roles in the occurrence and the development of coronary events among old patients. They both have important clinical value in recurrent acute coronary events among old patients.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 807-809, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388253

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of the levels of D-dimer and hs-CRP in the elderly patients with coronary disease. Methods One hundred and twenty-two patients with coronary disease were divided into four groups according to their clinical manifestations, there were old myocardial infarction group ( OMI, n =27 ) , stable angina pectoris group ( SAP, n = 29), acute coronary syndromes group ( ACS, n = 32) and old myocardial infarction with acute cardiovascular syndrome group (OMI + ACS,n =34). The control group included the patients without coronary disease (n =30). The patients who had infection, malignant tumors, liver and kidney dysfunction, cerebral infarction, venous embolism in lower extremities and pulmonary embolism were not included, and the patients enrolled should not be on medication of antiplatelet drugs, anticoagulants and antibiotics within the last two weeks. The levels of D-dimer and hs-CRP in all groups were determined by immunoturbidimetric assay and immune scattering assay respectively. Results In each comparison between two groups, the level of D-dimer has no significant difference between the OMI and the SAP ( P > 0. 05 ) , ACS and the OMI + ACS ( P > 0. 05 ) ; but significant difference between the OMI and the control groups ( P < 0. 05) and more significant difference between the other groups were found (P < 0. 01). As for the level of hs-CRP, there was no significant difference between the OMI and the SAP groups (P > 0. 05) or between the ACS and the OMI + ACS groups (P > 0. 05); but significant difference between the other groups (P < 0. 01). the positive relationship between the levels of D-dimer and hs-CRP have in coronary disease in the elderly patients was also found(r = 0. 81 ,P <0.01). Conclusions D-dimer and hs-CRP can be used as the clinical makers to predict the occurrence of the coronary disease in the elderly patients. D-dimer and hs-CRP can be used as the clinical makers to determine the stability of cardiovascular atherosclerotic plaque and the risk of acute cardiovascular syndrome occurrence. They can also be used as the clinical makers to predict the recurrence of the acute cardiovascular syndrome in the patients with old myocardial infarction. However, they can not be used to determine whether the patients with acute cardiovascular syndrome had old myocardial infarction already or not. The levels of D - dimer and hs - CRP are closely related in coronary disease in the elderly patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265373

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the cardiotonic effect of active compoud from raw and processing aconite roots used rats with acute heart failure (AHF) as the experimental animals.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Isolated toad cordis was employed to observe the cardiotonic effect and the AHF models were reproduced in rats by pentobarbital sodium to observe the hemodynamics marker acute heart failure, and elucidate cardiotonic effect.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The DDA(s) and MDA-P improved contractile force obviously on isolated toad cordis (P < 0.05). And the most amplification of contractile force was 91.107% +/- 87.663% (P < 0.01). But the effect on isolated heart rates was not significant. The change of LVSP, +/- dp/dt(max), LVEDP were significant (P < 0.01, P < 0.001), and the HR increased evidently by adminstrate processing aconite roots active compounds after the agent in 5 min.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There are cardiotonic effect on isolated toad cordis in rats with active compounds from raw and processing aconite roots.</p>


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Animals , Anura , Cardiotonic Agents , Pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Heart , Heart Failure , Drug Therapy , Heart Rate , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
13.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1019-1020, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399196

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the correlation between P-selectin and troponin-T in aged people.Meth-ods P-selectin and troponin-T were detected in 80 patients,who were divided into two groups according to the level of troponin-T:group A(normal level of tropenin-T)and group B (abnormal level of troponin-T).The relationship of P-selectin and tropenin-T were compared in the two groups.Results P-selectin in group B was increased remark-ably than that in group A(P<0.01).P-selectin had positive correlation with tropenin-T by single factor analysis(r=0.824.P<0.01).Conclusion Cardiac sensitivity and specificity of P-selectin is lower than that of troponin-T,but both P-selectin and troponin-T offer simple and convenient methods of indirect judgment of the degree and prog-nosis of coronary artery disease and myocardial damage.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523244

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship among the severity of coronary disease, c-reaction protein (CRP) and mild renal dysfunction. Methods 64 patients underwent coronary angiography were divided into two groups according to their serum creatinine (cr) levels: normal renal function(cr

15.
Chinese Journal of Hypertension ; (12): 167-168, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411154

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the factors affecting the treatment of old persons diagnosed hypertension. Method A sample of 55566 persons from the community of Yanji area of Shanghai was recruited. Results Among the 19295 persons over sixty there are 5842 patients with hypertension, the morbidity was 30.3%. Among the 36271 persons aged fifteen to fifty-nine there are 3536 patients with hypertension, the morbidity is 9.7%. The ratio of non-treatment in the old age group is 3.1% and in younger group is 8.8%. However,the compliance to the treatment was better in the younger than in old group(73.7% vs 56.2%). The age,hypertension grade and sex were all accounted for the differences in the regularity of the hypertension treatment. Conclusion Further effort on the education of non-old hypertensive patients is essential to decrease the damage from hypertension.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674543

ABSTRACT

100 cases of patients with brain tumor were tested with lymphocyte transformation testand erythrocyte-rosette forming cell,the results showed the lymphocyte transfor-mation test and Erythrocyte-Rosette Forming Cell of the patients with brain tumorwas lower than that of the normal value,of the 100 postoperative brain tumor cases75 were treated with blood-enriching decoction of Angelica Sinensis and 25 were usedas control.The lymphocyte transformation test and erythrocyte-Rosette formingcell of the treated group showed a remarkable rise(P

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