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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934454


Objective:To understand the needs, problems and challenges of medical personnel in the hospital for scientific research, propose tailored management measurements and suggestions for the hospital.Methods:The questionnaire was prepared by " Questionnaire Star" , the convenience sampling method was used, and information was collected by WeChat online chat group. Factor analysis and multi-dimensional preference analysis were adopted to analyze information collected.Results:Four main factors that affect the scientific research of medical personnel were identified. The most significant impact is the lack of information platform, followed by the lack of environmental atmosphere, lack of personal capacity and lack of personal interest. The research needs of medical personnel are divided into two categories: one is the more basic skill needs, which are mainly targeted at female, nurses, undergraduates, 5~10 years′ working experiences, medium-grade professional title, and people with no knowledge and experience in research. The other one is the needs of skill improvement, which are mainly targeted at younger, physicians, early career, lower professional titles, and had certain research knowledge.Conclusions:So far, there is a lot of space for improvement. It is recommended to promote the capacity building by training, strengthen the research team building and construct of research communication platform, at the same time, update the scientific research management system.

Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1371-1378, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608989


AIM: To investigate the effect of zacopride, an inward rectifier potassium channel agonist, on ouabain-induced arrhythmias in adult rats, and to explore the underlying electrophysiological mechanism.METHODS: Using ouabain to establish in vitro and in vivo arrhythmic rat models, the effects of zacopride on ouabain-induced arrhythmias were observed.The technique of whole-cell patch clamp was used to observe the effects of zacopride on inward rectifier potassium current (IK1), resting membrane potential (RMP) and delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs) in single rat ventricular myocyte.RESULTS: Zacopride at 1 μmol/L significantly reduced total number of premature ventricular beats, and the duration and incidence of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation induced by ouabain in rat hearts in vitro (P<0.05).In anesthetized rats, zacopride at 15 μg/kg significantly reduced total number of premature ventricular beats, and the duration and incidence of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation induced by ouabain (P<0.05).IK1 was significantly inhibited by ouabain (P<0.05), which was partially and even completely reversed by zacopride at 0.1~10 μmol/L.RMP value was significantly reduced by ouabain (P<0.05), and then increased to different levels after treatment with zacopride (0.1~10 μmol/L).Zacopride at 1 μmol/L showed its maximal effect and RMP was restored to normal level.Moreover, zacopride at 1 μmol/L markedly suppressed ouabain-induced DADs in single rat ventricular myocyte.The incidence of DADs decreased from 91.67% to 12.50% after zacopride was applied (P<0.05), and this effect was abolished by 1 μmol/L BaCl2.CONCLUSION: Inward rectifier potassium channel agonist zacopride significantly inhibits ouabain-induced ventricular arrhythmias in adult rats.The mechanism is related to increased RMP level and inhibition of DADs by activation of IK1 channel.

Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 934-941, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620131


Aim To observe the effect of antibody NCX-3F10 on the main ion current of rat ventricular myocytes and its effect on arrhythmias induced by ischemia/reperfusion(I/R).Methods ① The whole-cell patch clamp technique was employed to record the Na+/Ca2+ exchange current(INa/Ca) and other major ion currents in rat ventricular myocytes.② The rat models of arrhythmia induced by ischemia/reperfusion were established by ligating the left coronary artery to in vivo and in vitro.Then the effects of antibody on the arrhythmia were observed.③ The IonOptix ion imaging system was used to observe the effect of antibody on calcium transients in single ventricular myocytes.Results ① The antibody NCX-3F10 dose-dependently inhibited INa/Ca from 5 to 40 mg·L-1.The IC50 for outward and inward currents was 11.15 and 11.69 mg·L-1, and the maximum inhibitory rates were 61% and 62%, respectively.The antibody also had an inhibitory effect on calcium current(ICa-L), and had no significant effect on inward rectifier potassium current(IK1), transient outward potassium current(Ito) and sodium current(INa).② In the isolated rat heart group I/R, 100% rats showed ventricular tachycardia, and 88.89% rats had ventricular fibrillation.After administration of antibody NCX-3F10(10 mg·L-1) 5 min before reperfusion, the incidence of ventricular tachycardia decreased to 44.43%(P<0.05), and the duration of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation was also shortened remarkably(P<0.05).③ In the anesthetized rats after administration of antibody NCX-3F10(50 μg·kg-1) 5 min before reperfusion, the incidence and duration of ventricular tachycardia,the incidence and duration of ventricular fibrillation, and total number of ventricular premature beats were significantly decreased(P<0.05).④ From 5 to 40 mg·L-1, NCX-3F10 antibody decreased calcium transient amplitude in rat single ventricular myocytes dose-dependently(P<0.05).Conclusions The NCX-3F10 antibody shows significant arrhythmic effects on ischemia-reperfusion induced arrhythmia in rats both in vitro and in vivo, the underlying mechanism of which is related to NCX and L-type calcium current inhibition and calcium overload reduction by the NCX antibody.

Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1127-1132,1133, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604465


Aim To investigate the effect of zacopride ( Zac) on cardiac arrhythmia in isoproterenol ( ISO)-in-duced myocardial hypertrophic rats and the underlying electrophysiological mechanisms .Methods ① Fifty-one rats were randomly divided into control group ( n=17 ) , ISO group ( n=17 ) and ISO +Zac group ( n =17 ) .Rat model with cardiac arrhythmia and hypertro-phy was established by intraperitoneal ISO ( 5 mg?kg -1 ) injection.②ECGs were recorded to observe the effects of Zac on arrhythmia in model rats .③ Whole-cell patch clamp was applied to record inwardly rectifi-er potassium current(IK1), resting membrane potential ( RMP ) and amplicated delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs).Results ① Echocardiographic examination showed that , left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD) and left ventricular end-systolic dimension (LVESD) significantly decreased in rats in ISO group compared with control group , whereas left ventricular posterior wall end-diastolic thickness ( LVPWd) and in-terventricular septum end-diastolic thickness ( IVSd ) increased ( P<0.05 ) , suggesting rat model of isoprot-erenol-induced myocardial hypertrophy was successfully established .② ECGs showed that 88.89% of rats in ISO group had ventricular premature beats ( VPBs ) , which significantly decreased to 11.11% after the ap-plication of Zac ( P <0.05 ) .③ Values of RMP de-creased from ( -71.05 ±1.27 ) mV in control group to (-69.38 ±1.21 ) mV in ISO group ( P<0.05 ) . After Zac administration , RMP significantly increased to ( -73.86 ±1.33 ) mV compared with control and ISO group(P<0.05).④DADs and TA incidence sig-nificantly decreased from 88.24% in ISO group to 11.76%in ISO+Zac group ( P<0.05 ) .⑤ Compared with control group , IK1 density was markedly reduced in ISO group, whereas Zac could effectively rescue IK1 suppression to normal level .Conclusions Zac, as a selective IK1 channel agonist , can significantly inhibit cardiac arrhythmia in isoproterenol-induced myocardial hypertrophic rats , which is mainly attributed to in-creased RMP by enhancing IK1 and subsequent suppres-sion of DADs.

Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1081-1084,1085, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602335


Aim To investigate the inhibitory effects of zacopride(Zac) on arrhythmia induced by isoproterenol ( ISO) and the underlying mechanisms in rats. Meth-ods ①ECGs were recorded in anesthetized rats in vi-vo to observe the effects of zacopride on arrhythmia in-duced by ISO. ② Intracellular microelectrode tech-nique was used to investigate the effects of zacopride on resting membrane potential, delayed afterdepolariza-tions ( DADs) and triggered activity ( TA) induced by ISO combined with 3. 6 mmol·L-1 CaCl2 in right ven-tricular papillary muscle of rats. Results ① In ISO group rats, ventricular premature beats ( VPB ) oc-curred frequently with ST-segment depression. Com-pared with ISO group, the incidence of VPB in ISO+Zac group decreased from 100% to 50% ( n=6 , P<0. 05 ) and the total number of VPB recorded in 1 hour significantly reduced from 1 574 ± 521 to 33 ± 40 ( n=6,P<0. 05). ② Zacopride at 1 μmol·L-1 could hy-perpolarize the resting membrane potential of right ven-tricular papillary muscle in normal rat from ( -74. 42 ± 1. 95 ) mV to ( -78. 50 ± 2. 07 ) mV ( n =6 , P <0. 05). ③ Zacopride at 1 μmol·L-1 significantly de-pressed the DADs and TA induced by ISO combined with 3. 6 mmol·L-1 CaCl2 in right ventricular papilla-ry muscle. The incidence of DADs decreased from 93. 75% in rats in ISO group to 25% in ISO +Zac group ( n =16 , P <0. 05 ) , and this antiarrhythmic effect could be reversed by 1 μmol·L-1 BaCl2 . Conclusions Zacopride, a selective IK1 channel ago-nist , can significantly inhibit cardiac arrthymia induced by ISO in rats, the mechanism of which is mainly at-tributed to zacopride-induced hyperpolarization of the resting membrane potential and subsequent suppression of DADs and TA via enhancing IK1 . These results pro-vide further evidence that to enhance IK1 moderately may be a feasible pathway for antiarrthymic therapy.