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1.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 1-11, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009950

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To classify bladder cancer based on immune cell infiltration score and to construct a risk assessment model for prognosis of patients.@*METHODS@#The transcriptome data and data of breast cancer patients were obtained from the TCGA database. The single sample gene set enrichment analysis was used to calculate the infiltration scores of 16 immune cells. The classification of breast cancer patients was realized by unsupervised clustering, and the sensitivity of patients with different types to immunotherapy and chemotherapy was analyzed. The key modules significantly related to the infiltration of key immune cells were identified by weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA), and the key genes in the modules were extracted. A risk scoring model and a nomogram for risk assessment of prognosis for bladder cancer patients were constructed and verified.@*RESULTS@#The immune cell infiltration scores of normal tissues and tumor tissues were calculated, and B cells, mast cells, neutrophils, T helper cells and tumor infiltrating lymphocytes were determined to be the key immune cells of bladder cancer. Breast cancer patients were clustered into two groups (Cluster 1 and Custer 2) based on immune cell infiltration scores. Compared with patients with Cluster 1, patients with Cluster 2 were more likely to benefit from immunotherapy (P<0.05), and patients with Cluster 2 were more sensitive to Enbeaten, Docetaxel, Cyclopamine, and Akadixin (P<0.05). WGCNA screened out 35 genes related to key immune cells, and 4 genes (GPR171, HOXB3, HOXB5 and HOXB6) related to the prognosis of bladder cancer were further screened by LASSO Cox regression. The areas under the ROC curve (AUC) of the bladder cancer prognosis risk scoring model based on these 4 genes to predict the 1-, 3- and 5-year survival of patients were 0.735, 0.765 and 0.799, respectively. The nomogram constructed by combining risk score and clinical parameters has high accuracy in predicting the 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival of bladder cancer patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#According to the immune cell infiltration score, bladder cancer patients can be classified. And the bladder cancer prognosis risk scoring model and nomogram based on key immune cell-related genes have high accuracy in predicting the prognosis of bladder cancer patients.

2.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 499-509, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009911

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To construct a prediction model for the prognosis of bladder cancer patients based on the expression of ion channel-related genes (ICRGs).@*METHODS@#ICRGs were obtained from the existing researches. The clinical information and the expression of ICRGs mRNA in breast cancer patients were obtained from the Cancer Genome Atlas database. Cox regression analysis, minimum absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression analysis were used to screen breast cancer prognosis related genes, which were verified by immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR. The risk scoring equation for predicting the prognosis of patients with bladder cancer was constructed, and the patients were divided into high-risk group and low-risk group according to the median risk score. Immune cell infiltration was compared between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curve and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to evaluate the accuracy and clinical application value of the risk scoring equation. The factors related to the prognosis of bladder cancer patients were analyzed by univariate and multivariate Cox regression, and a nomogram for predicting the prognosis of bladder cancer patients was constructed.@*RESULTS@#By comparing the expression levels of ICRGs in bladder cancer tissues and normal bladder tissues, 73 differentially expressed ICRGs were dentified, of which 11 were related to the prognosis of bladder cancer patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve suggested that the risk score based on these 11 genes was negatively correlated with the prognosis of patients. The area under the ROC curve of the risk score for predicting the prognosis of patients at 1, 3 and 5 year was 0.634, 0.665 and 0.712, respectively. Stratified analysis showed that the ICRGs-based risk score performed well in predicting the prognosis of patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ bladder cancer (P<0.05), while it had a poor value in predicting the prognosis of patients with AJCC stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ (P>0.05). There were significant differences in the infiltration of plasma cells, activated natural killer cells, resting mast cells and M2 macrophages between the high-risk group and the low-risk group. Cox regression analysis showed that risk score, smoking, age and AJCC stage were independently associated with the prognosis of patients with bladder cancer (P<0.05). The nomogram constructed by combining risk score and clinical parameters has high accuracy in predicting the 1, 3 and 5 year overall survival rate of bladder cancer patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The study shows the potential value of ICRGs in the prognostic risk assessment of bladder cancer patients. The constructed prognostic nomogram based on ICRGs risk score has high accuracy in predicting the prognosis of bladder cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Prognosis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics , Urinary Bladder , Ion Channels , Breast Neoplasms
3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 157-160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993996

ABSTRACT

In recent years, researchers have found that patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) often have urolithiasis, and the incidence of urolithiasis increases gradually with the severity of NAFLD. Meanwhile, the detection rate of NAFLD was higher in patients with urolithiasis than in normal controls. In this paper, we reviewed the domestic and international studies on the correlation between urolithiasis and NAFLD and described the related pathogenesis, such as insulin resistance, oxidative stress, abnormal lipid metabolism and impaired glyoxalate detoxification. Meanwhile, this paper proposed preventive measures to reduce the risk of development and recurrence of NAFLD-associated urolithiasis by addressing the common risk factors of both diseases, including metabolism-related diseases, lifestyle and diet.

4.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 513-520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992126

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential mechanisms of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in modulating pain behavior and anxiety-like behavior of rats with chronic non-specific low back pain induced by nerve growth factor (NGF).Methods:Ninety-six male SPF grade SD rats aged 8 weeks were randomly divided into four groups according the random number table method: control group, model group, control+ D-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoate (D-AP5) group (control+ D-AP5 group) and model+ D-AP5 group, with 24 rats in each group.Low back pain model of rat was established by injection of NGF into multifidus muscle (left side) of the low backs of rats(two times with a five-day interval). Five days after modeling, rats in model+ D-AP5 group and control+ D-AP5 group were injected with the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist D-AP5(2 μg, 0.3 μL) at the right side of the ACC once a day for consecutive 3 days, and rats in control group and model group were injected with the same amount of 0.9% sodium chloride solution. Seven days after modeling, the pain threshold of rats was evaluated by mechanical stimulation test and hot and cold plate test.The anxiety-like behavior was tested by open field test.The density of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) positive cells and c-Fos(a kind of immediate early gene) positive cells of the spinal cord were observed by immunofluorescence. The expression of GFAP, c-Fos, phosphorylated-c-Jun N-terminal kinases (p-JNK), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL-1) proteins in the L2 segment of the spinal cord were detected by Western blot. SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis. One-way ANOVA was used to analyze normal distribution measurement data for comparison among multiple groups, and Tukey test was used for further pairwise comparisons. The Kruakal-Wallis H test was used for non-normal distribution measurement data, and Mann-Whitney U test was used for further pairwise comparisons with Bonferroni-corrected P-values. Results:In the experiments measuring pressure pain threshold (PPT) and paw withdrawal threshold (PWT), there were statistically significant differences in the PPT and PWT of rats among the four groups ( F=53.498, 41.939, both P<0.001). Seven days after modeling, PPT ((418.5±46.9) g) and PWT ( (55.6±7.1) g) in the ipsilateral side of the rats in model+ D-AP5 group were higher than those in model group ((290.0±32.0) g, (30.5±7.5) g) (both P<0.001). In the open field test, there were statistically significant differences in percentage of the inner zone distance ( H=11.922, P<0.01) and the percentage of inner zone time ( H=21.614, P<0.001) of rats among the four groups. The percentage of inner zone time in model+ D-AP5 group was higher than that in model group (5.6(4.3, 7.9) %, 3.1(2.1, 3.8) %) ( P<0.01). The results of immunofluorescence showed that there were statistically significant differences in the density of GFAP positive cells and c-Fos positive cells at the ipsilateral side of the superficial laminae of rats among the four groups ( H=49.085, F=18.120, both P<0.001). The density of GFAP positive cells (34.3(21.1, 47.5) cells/mm 2) and c-Fos positive cells ((52.7±39.4) cells/mm 2) at the ipsilateral side of the superficial laminae in model+ D-AP5 group were less than those in model group (76.5(68.6, 94.9) cells/mm 2, (112.4±63.7) cells/mm 2) (both P<0.001). The Western blot results showed that there were statistically significant differences in the protein expression of GFAP, c-Fos, p-JNK, MCP-1 and CXCL-1 in the L2 segment of rats among the four groups ( F=49.413, 38.437, 41.867, 36.735, 130.951, all P<0.001). The protein expression of GFAP (1.7±0.5), c-Fos (1.1±0.1), p-JNK (1.7±0.3), MCP-1 (1.0±0.4) and CXCL-1 (0.8±0.1) in the L2 segment in model+ D-AP5 group were lower than those in model group ((4.3±0.7), (2.6±0.5), (2.8±0.4), (2.9±0.4), (3.5±0.4)) (all P<0.01). Conclusion:ACC modulates mechanical hyperalgesia and anxiety-like behavior in chronic non-specific low back pain rats, which might be associated with the involvement of spinal astrocytes, p-JNK signal pathway and chemokines such as MCP-1 and CXCL-1.

5.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 270-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989350

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is currently the leading cause of death in the intensive care unit, and its survivors also experience long-term immunosuppression and high rates of recurrent infections. At present, the clinical treatment of sepsis is still based on antibiotics, intravenous rehydration, and vasopressors, and there is no targeted drug treatment. However, as the rate of antibiotic resistance continues to increase, immunotherapy is highly anticipated as a new treatment. Patients with sepsis are often accompanied by acute leukocyte immune dysfunction and immunosuppression, which may be an important risk factor for the increasing morbidity and mortality of patients. Targeted inhibition of specific cell surface inhibitory immune checkpoint receptors and ligands, such as programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1), programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), and other targets, can improve the host’s resistance to infection. In this paper, the research progress of PD-1 and PD-L1 in the immune response to sepsis was summarized to provide a theoretical basis for their further application in the treatment of sepsis in the future.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3710-3723, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007987

ABSTRACT

As central players in cellular structure and function, proteins have long been central themes in life science research. Analyzing the impact of protein sequence variation on its structure and function is one of the important means to study proteins. In recent years, a technology called deep mutational scanning (DMS) has been widely used in the field of protein research. It introduces thousands of mutations in parallel in specific regions of proteins through high-abundance DNA libraries. After screening, high-throughput sequencing is employed to score each mutation, revealing sequence-function correlations. Due to its high-throughput, fast and easy, and labor-saving features, DMS has become an important method for protein function research and protein engineering. This review briefly summarizes the principle of DMS technology, highlighting its applications in mammalian cells. Moreover, this review analyzes the current technical bottlenecks, aiming to facilitate relevant research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mutation , Proteins/chemistry , Protein Engineering , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/methods , Mammals/genetics
7.
The Korean Journal of Orthodontics ; : 232-240, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003077

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to evaluate the zygomaticotemporal suture (ZTS) maturation, analyze the age distribution patterns of ZTS maturation stages, and investigate the relationship between ZTS and cervical vertebral maturation (CVM). @*Methods@#A total of 261 patients who underwent cone-beam computed tomography (112 males, mean age, 13.1 ± 3.3 years; 149 females, mean age, 13.7 ± 3.1 years) were examined to evaluate the ZTS stages. The ZTS stages were defined based on a modified method from previous studies on zygomaticomaxillary sutures. Differences between groups and correlations between indicators were analyzed using the Spearman correlation test, intraclass coefficient of correlation (ICC), one-way analysis of variance and rank sum test.Statistical significance was set at p 10 were found for several cervical stages (CSs), including CS1 and CS2 for the diagnosis of stage B, CS1 to CS3 for the diagnosis of stages B and C, and CS6 for the diagnosis of stages D and E. @*Conclusions@#The ZTS maturation stage may be more relevant to the CVM stage than to the chronological age. The CVM stages can be good indicators for clinical decisions regarding maxillary protraction, except for CS4 and CS5.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1099-1102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956108

ABSTRACT

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), as an effecitive life support technique, is widely used in patients with respiratory and/or cardiac failure. Infection, with a prevalence of approximately 21% in adult patients with ECMO, is one of the most common complications and has a significant impact on mortality. Early identification of infections, and accurate prevention and anti-infective therapies for ECMO patients can improve their survival, but there is a lack of standardized protocols for recognition, diagnosis, management, prevention and treatment of the infections. By analyzing a series of literatures on healthcare-associated infections in patients with ECMO, the epidemiology, pathogens, risk factors, diagnosis, prevention and treatment were summarized to provide a theoretical background for the early identification, diagnosis and patient management of nosocomial infections.

9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1423-1425, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954766

ABSTRACT

This clinical data of 3 cases of severe atopic dermatitis (AD) who had no remission after taking to-pical glucocorticoids and antihistamines were collected retrospectively.The patients were treated with Dupilumab in the Department of Pediatrics, the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from April to October 2021.All 3 cases developed eczema-like rashes with strong itching and sleep disturbance within the first year after their birth.The children′ quality of life was seriously impaired.All the cases were combined with allergic rhinitis, 2 cases of whom were simultaneously complicated with bronchial asthma.After 14-18 weeks of treatment, the rash, pruritic symptoms and quality of life were significantly improved.Meanwhile, rhinitis symptoms were reduced, asthma control scores and lung function were improved to varying degrees.No serious adverse reactions occurred during the injection period.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1423-1425, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954749

ABSTRACT

This clinical data of 3 cases of severe atopic dermatitis (AD) who had no remission after taking to-pical glucocorticoids and antihistamines were collected retrospectively.The patients were treated with Dupilumab in the Department of Pediatrics, the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from April to October 2021.All 3 cases developed eczema-like rashes with strong itching and sleep disturbance within the first year after their birth.The children′ quality of life was seriously impaired.All the cases were combined with allergic rhinitis, 2 cases of whom were simultaneously complicated with bronchial asthma.After 14-18 weeks of treatment, the rash, pruritic symptoms and quality of life were significantly improved.Meanwhile, rhinitis symptoms were reduced, asthma control scores and lung function were improved to varying degrees.No serious adverse reactions occurred during the injection period.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 182-196, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929287

ABSTRACT

Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury (HIRI) is a serious complication that occurs following shock and/or liver surgery. Gut microbiota and their metabolites are key upstream modulators of development of liver injury. Herein, we investigated the potential contribution of gut microbes to HIRI. Ischemia/reperfusion surgery was performed to establish a murine model of HIRI. 16S rRNA gene sequencing and metabolomics were used for microbial analysis. Transcriptomics and proteomics analysis were employed to study the host cell responses. Our results establish HIRI was significantly increased when surgery occurred in the evening (ZT12, 20:00) when compared with the morning (ZT0, 08:00); however, antibiotic pretreatment reduced this diurnal variation. The abundance of a microbial metabolite 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid was significantly higher in ZT0 when compared with ZT12 in the gut and this compound significantly protected mice against HIRI. Furthermore, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid suppressed the macrophage pro-inflammatory response in vivo and in vitro. This metabolite inhibits histone deacetylase activity by reducing its phosphorylation. Histone deacetylase inhibition suppressed macrophage pro-inflammatory activation and diminished the diurnal variation of HIRI. Our findings revealed a novel protective microbial metabolite against HIRI in mice. The potential underlying mechanism was at least in part, via 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid-dependent immune regulation and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition in macrophages.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 811-814, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886504

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the effects of cardiovascular surgery on Williams syndrome (WS). Methods    The clinical data of 68 WS patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery in the Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from January 2010 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 48 males and 20 females with a median age of 2.8 years ranging from 3 months to 33 years. Except one patient undergoing the coarctation repair, the rest 67 patients underwent surgical interventions to correct supravalvular aortic stenosis (SAVS) and pulmonary artery stenosis with hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass, concommitant with 3 patients of relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, 2 patients of relief of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, 2 patients of mitral valvuloplasty, 3 patients of ventricular septal defect repair and 1 patient of arterial catheter ligation. Results    Two (2.9%) patients died of sudden cardiac arrest on the next day after surgery. One (1.5%) patient died of cardiac insufficiency due to severe aortic arch stenosis 3 years after surgery. The effect of SAVS was satisfactory. Two (2.9%) patients progressed to moderate aortic valvular regurgitation during postoperative follow-up. A total of 5 (7.4%) patients were re-intervened after operation for arch stenosis or pulmonary stenosis. Conclusion    WS patients should be diagnosed early, followed up and  assessed for cardiovascular system diseases, and timely surgical treatment has a good clinical effect.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1835-1852, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888837

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease and is mainly characterized by abnormal proliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). The up-regulated cellular membrane expression of G protein coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) of FLS plays a critical role in RA progression, the increase of GRK2 translocation activity promotes dysfunctional prostaglandin E4 receptor (EP4) signaling and FLS abnormal proliferation. Recently, although our group found that paeoniflorin-6'-

14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 435-440, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876073

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To sum up the experience of the primary modified single-patch (MSP) technique applied in our hospital for children with complete atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD). Methods    The clinical data of 141 children who underwent primary MSP technique for CAVSD between June 2009 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, including 62 males and 79 females with a median age of 6 (3, 11) months and a median weight of 5.8 (4.5, 7.0) kg. According to Rastelli classification, there were 116 patients in type A, 14 in type B and 11 in type C. Among them, 15 patients were diagnosed with Down’s syndrome. Cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross clamp time, atrioventricular valve regurgitation and other clinical data were recorded during and after operation. Results    Postoperatively, 17 patients suffered from severe left atrioventricular valve regurgitation (LAVVR) and 6 patients severe right atrioventricular valve regurgitation (RAVVR). In the follow-up period, 5 patients suffered from severe LAVVR and 1 patient severe RAVVR. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) appeared in 1 patient during follow-up period and none at the end of follow-up. There were 5 early deaths and 2 late deaths. Twelve patients underwent reoperation with a median interval time of 268 (8, 1 270) days. Conclusion    MSP technique is a wise surgical strategy for CAVSD children with good outcomes, improved postoperative mortality and decreased atrioventricular valve regurgitation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 941-945, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907876

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of the combined applications of Omalizumab and subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) in improving clinical symptoms and immunotherapy tolerance in children with allergic asthma.Methods:A total of 9 children with asthma who received Omalizumab combined with SCIT in the Pediatrics Asthma Clinic of the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from July 2018 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.The symptoms of asthma, lung function, exhaled nitric oxide(FeNO), life quality scores, inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) dosage, comorbidities improvement, and adverse reactions during SCIT were analyzed and compared before and after the combined treatment.Results:After treatment, both the scores of children asthma control test/asthma control test (C-ACT/ACT) and pediatric asthma quality of life questionnaire (PAQLQ) improved in 9 patients with reduced or maintained doses of ICS.After treatment, comorbidities, including rhinitis and eczema, the scores of visual analogue scale (VAS) for rhinitis, pediatric rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire(PRQLQ) and scoring atopic dermatitis (SCORAD) were all improved.During SCIT, all children didn′t have systemic adverse reactions, and 4 children had 1 (2 cases), 3 (1 case), and 8 (1 case) local adverse reactions, respectively.The number of rapid local adverse reactions accounts for only 2.6% (3/116 times), and the number of delayed local adverse reactions occupies 8.6% (10/116 times). Among them, the number of local adverse reactions accounts for only 2.6 % (3/116 times), and the dia-meters of swelling or induration were more than 4 cm.Conclusions:The combined applications of anti-IgE therapy and SCIT can effectively improve the symptoms and quality of life, and reduce asthma exacerbations and dosage of ICS in children with asthma.It also has certain effects on the improvement of comorbidities.At the same time, the addition of anti-IgE therapy can enhance the tolerance and compliance of SCIT.

16.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1117-1120, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004310

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of adverse transfusion reactions (ATR) in Chinese adults, and to provide evidence-based medical evidence for early prevention. 【Methods】 The controlled trial (CT) of risk factors for ATR in Chinese adults were collected through PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, CMB, VIP and Wanfang database, and the retrieval time was from the establishment of those databases to January 31, 2021 Literature was selected and extracted by 2 researchers according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Meta-analysis was performed by RevMan5.3 software. 【Results】 A total of 28 049 patients in 12 literature were included, 1 190 patients were included into the ART group and 26 859 into the non-ART group. Meta-analysis results showed that the incidence of ART was 1.63% (410/24 361), mainly allergic reaction (43.90%, 188/410) and non-hemolytic fever (40%, 164/410). Primary hematologic disease (OR=27.11, 95%CI=21.64~33.96, P 2 (OR=7.06, 95% CI=5.64~8.84, P30 min interval between blood issuing and transfusion (OR=3.40, 95% CI=2.88~4.00, P2, >30 min interval between blood issuing and transfusion, transfusion of plasma and cryoprecipitates, while transfusion of red blood cells/white blood cells/platelets was the protective factor.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 120-124, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To gain insight into the constitution of juvenile rheumatic diseases, treatment outcome and trends of rheumatic inpatients in past 12 years, and to improve awareness of juvenile rheumatic diseases.Methods:The clinical data of 5 950 patients in rheumatology department of the affiliated pediatric hospital of Fudan University (from 2005 to 2016) were analyzed retrospectively, and the chi-square test was used to compare and analyze the incidence.Results:Disease changes: ① The top three rheumatic diseases were Kawasaki disease (KD) (44.3%), Henoch-schoniein purpura (HSP) (35.4%), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)(9.6%). ② The number of all constitution of juvenile rheumatic diseases in hospital increased other than HSP. ③ The rheumatic diseases were increased from 17 to 37 kinds in the past 6 years. ④ The number of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) increased year by year (112/2 348 vs 197/3 602, χ2=1.41, P=0.235), as well as the severe SLE (35/112 vs 55/197, χ2=0.38, P=0.536). ⑤ The rate of rheumatic diseases complicated with macrophage activation (MAS) was 7.2‰(43/5 950). 12.9%(26/201) of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis(sJIA) were complicated with MAS, which was accounted for 60.5%(26/43) of total number of MAS in rheumatic diseases. In the last 6 years, there was a significant increase in the number of patients with MAS in patients with rheumatic diseases ( χ2=14.1, P<0.01) and sJIA( χ2=11.2, P<0.01). ⑥ 1.1%(64/5 950) of rheumatic diseases patients had lung lesions, juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) accounted for 24.4%(20/82). In the last 6 years, the number of patients with lung lesions associated with rheumatic diseases increased significantly ( χ2=5.66, P=0.017). ⑦ The mortality rate of juvenile rheumatic diseases was only 3.7‰(22/5 950), and 45.5% occurred in SLE (10/22). The mortality rate of SLE decreased in last 6 years (5/112 vs 5/197, χ2=0.34, P=0.558). Conclusion:The constitution of juvenile rheumatic diseases in our center is decreasing for systemic vasculitis (KD, HSP), JIA, SLE, JDM in last 6 years. The annual total number of patients is relatively stable. But rare, difficult and critically illed cases increase year by year. Although SLE is still the primary cause of death in juvenile rheumatic diseases in recent 6 years, the mortality rate has decreased year by year.

18.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 772-776, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843857

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct an information system for preview and triage during novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) epidemic time in stomatological hospitals and put it to clinical use. Methods: To sort out and formulate the preview and triage process of stomatological hospitals during the epidemic, we constructed B/S development platform with Jeesite open source framework, sort outed and developed relevant input and query functions. ActiveX widget was used to connect the hardware part with the ID card reader through the browser. At the initial stage of the system put online, the parallel mode of manual registration and system registration was used to verify the actual effect of the system. Results: After the system went online, the triage data of 35 patients were analyzed. The average triage time was shortened from (90.82±31.85) seconds to (38.97±12.14) seconds, with an efficiency increase of about 125%. Results: The system's performance can meet the actual business requirements, reduce the risk of cross infection, improve the preview and triage efficiency, and improve patients' medical experience. Meanwhile it ensures the accuracy and safety of the information record of people seeking medical service.

19.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 607-611, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863040

ABSTRACT

Allergic disease is the common disease that affects human health and life quality.With the development of flow cytometry, basophil activation test(BAT), as an ex vivo challenge test, has become a new method in the diagnosis of allergic disease that IgE mediates.An important step is to establish a standardized BAT method in order to make it available in clinical applications and to explore the mechanisms of allergy in laboratory.This review focuses on the main principles, clinical utility in the diagnosis and management of allergic disease.

20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 814-817, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800975

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of transcatheter or surgical procedure for neonates diagnosed with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) or critical pulmonary stenosis (CPS) by retrospectively analyzina the clinical data, thus to discuss the clinical strategy decision.@*Methods@#From November 2006 to August 2018, 105 neonates (PA/IVS 51 cases, CPS 54 cases) went through transcatheter or surgical procedure in Guangdong Provincial Cardiovascular Institute (transcatheter procedure 43 cases, surgery 62 cases). All cases manifested mild to moderate right ventricular dysplasia.Transcatheter procedure included pulmonary radio frequency perforation and percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (PBPV). Surgical procedure included reconstruction of right ventricular outflow tract (transannular patch), pulmonary valvotomy and closed transventricular pulmonary valvuloplasty, while Aortic-Pulmonary shunt was performed in certain cases.Average follow-up period was (40.1±36.9) months.Hospitalization and follow-up data were analyzed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter and surgical procedure.@*Results@#Operative time, hospital stay, complication rate were lower in transcatheter procedure group than those of surgery group[(107.8±61.6) min vs.(183.3±36.8) min, (18.6±7.9) d vs.(31.1±13.4) d, 30.2% vs.80.6%], and the differences were significant(all P=0.000). In transcatheter procedure group, 2 cases (4.7%) died and biventricular circulation is obtained in all survival cases.In surgery group, 5 cases (8.1%) died.Of the survival cases from surgery group, 39 cases (69.6%) obtained biventricular circulation, 3 cases (5.4%) obtained one and a half ventricular circulation while other 14 cases (25.0%) were candidates for biventricular repair.@*Conclusions@#Biventricular circulation can be achieved in most PA/IVS or CPS neonates with mild-moderate right ventricular dysplasia.PBPV turns out to be a safe and effective therapy for neonates with CPS while perforation of right ventricular outflow tract remains a nonnegligible complication in transcatheter therapy for PA/IVS.

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