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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 187-192, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the differences of prostate cancer (PCa) and clinically significant prostate cancer (CsPCa) positive rate and postoperative complications between transperineal cognitive prostate biopsy (COG-TPBx) and transrectal cognitive prostate biopsy (COG-TRBx) based on biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (bpMRI).Methods:The data of 276 patients undergoing prostate biopsy from January 2019 to June 2021 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were retrospectively reviewed. 157 patients underwent COG-TPBx(TPBx group) and 119 patients underwent COG-TRBx (TRBx group). The average age [(66.39 ± 8.31) vs. (66.30 ± 8.42)years], body mass index (BMI) [(23.85±2.49) vs. (23.68±2.61) kg/m 2], PSA values [9.43(1.47-19.80) vs. 8.94(0.66-19.99) ng/ml], prostate volume [37.92(13.99-167.40) vs. 40.78(11.67-188.21) cm 3], PSA density [0.21(0.04-1.17) vs. 0.20(0.04-1.04) ng/(ml·cm 3)], and suspicious digital rectal examination [17.20% (27/157) vs. 21.10% (25/119) ] were not significantly different between TPBx group and TRBx group. The positive rate of PCa, CsPCa, as well as post-biopsy complications of the two groups were compared. Results:There were no significant differences in the positive rate of PCa [49.68%(78/157) vs. 47.06%(56/119), P=0.666] and CsPCa [38.22%(60/157) vs. 34.45%(41/119), P=0.520] between the two groups. In stratification analysis, TPBx group has a significantly higher positive rate of both PCa [54.69%(35/64)] and CsPCa[43.75%(28/64)] in apex zone than TRBx group[39.62%(21/53) and 20.75%(11/53), all P<0.05). Moreover, the postoperative complications were not significantly different in TPBx group compared to that in TRBx group [10.19% (16/157) vs. 12.61%(15/119), P= 0.567]. Conclusions:Our investigations revealed that the overall positive rate of PCa, CsPCa, and the complications were not statistically different between COG-TPBx and COG-TRBx. COG-TPBx has a significantly higher positive rate of both PCa and CsPCa in apex zone.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 46-50, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of clinically significant prostate cancer (CsPCa) in patients with PI-RADS score 3.Methods:The data of 133 consecutive patients with the PI-RADS score 3 from January 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent 4-needle transperineal targeted biopsy and 12-needle systematic prostate biopsy (SB). The overall age was 66 (60-72) years, and the overall PSA value was 8.22 (5.95-11.41) ng/ml. All patients underwent multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), and PI-RADS v2.0 score was 3. Patients were divided into two mutually exclusive groups: non CsPCa group and CsPCa group. The differences of lesion location, laterality, focality and sequence parameters of mpMRI between the two groups were compared, and multivariate binary logistic regression was used to analyze the independent predictors of PI-RADS score 3 in patients with CsPCa.Results:Biopsy results showed 57 cases of prostate cancer, including 41 cases of CsPCa, and 76 cases of non-prostate cancer. The detection rate of prostate cancer was 46.62 %(57/133), and the detection rate of CsPCa was 30.83 %(41/133). There were 41 cases in CsPCa group and 92 cases in non CsPCa group. There was no significant difference between CsPCa group and non CsPCa group in age [66 (58-70) years vs. 66 (60-72) years], body mass index [24.22 (21.82-25.71) kg/m 2 vs. 23.71 (21.99-26.12) kg/m 2], PSA [9.39 (6.35-12.55) ng/ml vs. 7.67 (5.83-10.51) ng/ml], abnormal rate of rectal digital examination [21.95% (9/41) vs. 9.78% (9/92)] (all P > 0.05). There was significant difference in PSAD [0.40 (0.16-0.65) ng/ml 2 vs. 0.17 (0.12-0.24) ng/ml 2] ( P<0.05). In MRI, PI-RADS=3 lesions were mainly located in the transitional zone [46.62 %(62/133)]. In CsPCa group, MRI lesions were located in peripheral zone in 16 cases, transitional zone in 19 cases, and both areas in 6 cases. There were 16 cases on the right, 15 cases on the left and 10 cases on both sides. The lesions were diffused in 19 cases and localized in 22 cases. In the non CsPCa group, 41 lesions were located in the peripheral zone, 43 in the transitional zone, and 8 in both areas. There were 26 cases on the right, 35 cases on the left and 31 cases on both sides. The lesions were diffuse in 56 cases and localized in 36 cases. There was no significant difference in lesion location, side and diffusion degree between the two groups ( P> 0.05). Compared with the non CsPCa group, the positive rate of all MRI sequences in CsPCa group was higher (82.93% vs. 40.22%, P < 0.001), the positive rate of T2 weighted imaging (T2WI) was higher (92.68% vs. 75.00%, P = 0.018), the positive rate of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) was higher (90.24% vs. 56.52%, P < 0.001), the maximum diameter was larger[(0.67(0.30-1.19)mm vs. 0.48(0.20-0.62)mm, P < 0.001], and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was lower[0.70(0.61-0.87) vs. 1.10(0.86-1.50), P < 0.001]. Concurrently, PSAD and lesion ADC were important predictors of CsPCa in logistic regression model [mean 10 fold cross validation AUC: 0.78(95% CI 0.65-0.88)]. Conclusions:Most of the MRI lesions in patients with PI-RADS 3 were located in the transitional zone, and the MRI lesions in CsPCa were more obvious and diffusion limited. PSAD and ADC values are independent predictors for the diagnosis of CsPCa in patients with PI-RADS score 3, and the log 2PSAD-ADC prediction model is helpful to find CsPCa from patients with PI-RADS score 3 and protect patients from unnecessary biopsy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 18-22, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884951

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the value of utilizing bpMRI in prostate biopsy in the detection of prostate cancer with PSA≤20ng/ml.Methods:The clinical data of 394 patients who underwent prostate biopsy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from November 2017 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Of all the patients, 177 underwent modified systematic biopsy, named TRUS group, 217 patients accepted pre-biopsy bpMRI examination, undergoing modified systematic biopsy if Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) score < 3 or MRI-TRUS cognitive fusion targeted prostate + systematic biopsy if PI-RADS score ≥ 3, named MRI group. The median age of TRUS group was 66 (61, 74) years old, prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 9.52 (7.26, 12.30) ng / ml, and prostate volume (PV) was 36.84 (28.95, 57.72)ml. The median age of MRI group was 66 (59, 72) years old, PSA was 8.84 (6.65, 12.16) ng/ml, and PV was 39.45 (29.25, 58.69)ml. There was no difference in above parameters between the two groups. The χ 2 test was used to compare the detection rate of prostate cancer and clinically significant prostate cancer (CsPCa) between the two groups. Results:There was no significant difference in the detection rates of prostate cancer between TRUS group and MRI group [51.41% (91/177) vs. 48.39% (105/ 217), P = 0.550], but the detection rates of CsPCa were significantly different [26.55% (47/177) vs. 36.41% (79/217), P = 0.037]. In patients with PSA ≤ 10 ng / ml, there was no significant difference in the detection rates of prostate cancer between the two groups [43.62% (41/94) vs. 43.08% (56/130), P = 0.936], but there was a significant difference in the detection rates of CsPCa [17.02% (16/94) vs. 28.46% (37/130), P = 0.047]. There was no significant difference in the detection rates of prostate cancer [60.24% (50/83) and 56.17% (48/87), P= 0.504] and the detection rates of CsPCa [37.35% (31/83) vs. 48.28% (42/87), P = 0.150] between the two groups. The total detection rates of the last two needles in TRUS group and MRI group were 23.16% (41/177) and 36.63% (86/217), respectively, with significant difference ( P=0.001); the detection rates of CsPCa in the last two needles were 11.86% (26/177) and 29.03% (63/ 217), respectively, with significant difference ( P < 0.001). In MRI group, the detection rates of prostate cancer in patients with PI-RADS score <3, 3, 4, 5 were 21.21% (7/33), 25.84% (23/89), 73.24% (52/71), 95.83% (23/24), respectively; the detection rates of CsPCa were 12.12% (4/33), 17.98% (16/89), 54.93% (39/71), 83.33% (23/24), respectively. Conclusions:In patients with PSA ≤ 20 ng / ml, prostate biopsy based on bpMRI may improve the detection of CsPCa, especially in patients with PSA ≤ 10 ng/ml.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 840-845, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the use of bi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (bpMRI)-based cognitive fusion targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy in patients with prostate imaging reporting and data system (PI-RADS)≥3.Methods:The clinical data of 220 patients with PI-RADS ≥3 who underwent bpMRI-transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) cognitive fusion targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from May 2018 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 66 (60, 73) years old, median prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 8.73 (6.52, 11.93) ng/ml, medlian prostate volume was 39.25(29.26, 58.39) ml and the mean body mass index (BMI) was (24.02±2.60) kg/m 2. For each patient, bpMRI-TRUS cognitive fusion targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy were performed by two independent experienced urologists. The primary endpoint was the detection rate of CsPCa-A [clinically significant prostate cancer-A, defined as International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade group 2 or higher tumors]. The secondary endpoints were the detection rates of CsPCa-B (defined as ISUP grade group 3 or higher tumors) and CIPCa (clinically insignificant prostate cancer, defined as ISUP grade group 1 tumors). McNemar test and Chi-square test were used to compare the positive rates of CsPCa-A, CsPCa-B and CIPCa between targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy. Results:In this study, 112 patients (50.91%) were diagnosed with prostate cancer, and the detection was 42.73% (94/220) in targeted biopsy and 46.82% (103/220) in systematic biopsy.CsPCa-A was detected in 84 (38.18%) patients. Detection of CsPCa-A by targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy was not different significantly [30.00% (66/220) vs.34.09% (75/220), P=0.120]. CsPCa-A would have been missed in 8.18% (18/220) patients had not performed systematic biopsy, and in 4.09% (9/220) patients had not performed targeted biopsy. CsPCa-B was detected in 26.36% (58/220) patients. Detection of CsPCa-B by targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy was not different significantly [20.00% (44/220) vs. 23.18% (51/220), P=0.190]. CsPCa-B would have been missed in 6.36% (14/220) patients had not performed systematic biopsy, and in 3.18% (7/220) patients had not performed targeted biopsy. In addition, there was no difference in the positive rates of CIPCa between targeted biopsy combined with systematic biopsy, targeted biopsy only or systematic biopsy only [all three were 12.73% (28/220), P=1.000]. Nine post-biopsy adverse events were reported, including 5 cases of infection, 2 cases of vagal reflex and 2 cases of urinary retention. All of them were improved after symptomatic treatment. Conclusions:No significant difference was identified in the detection rate of CsPCa between targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy. However, combination of targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy could further improve the detection rate of CsPCa without increasing the detection of CIPCa. Therefore, a pre-biopsy bpMRI did have significant importance in the biopsy-na?ve patients, but did not seem to skip the need for systematic biopsy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 661-666, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869740

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of prostate cancer (PCa) detection rate between transperineal cognitive fusion targeted biopsy (COG-TB) and software fusion targeted (FUS-TB).Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 157 patients accepted transperineal targeted biopsies from December 2018 to December 2019, including 67 cases of COG-TB and 90 cases of FUS-TB. All patients were prostate biopsy na?ve, with PSA levels ≤ 20 ng/ml and prostate imaging reporting and data system version 2.1 (PI-RADS v2.1) scores ≥ 3. There was no significant difference between COG-TB and FUS-TB in the age [(70.78 ± 8.86) vs. (70.52 ± 8.79) years old], body mass index [(24.36 ± 2.69)vs. (24.14 ± 3.15) kg/m 2], prostate volume [36.69 (27.52, 47.40) vs. 38.81 (28.80, 53.46) cm 3], PSA level [8.27 (6.0, 11.65) vs. 8.88 (6.40, 13.54) ng/ml], PSAD [0.23 (0.15, 0.36) vs. 0.21 (0.14, 0.34) ng/ml 2], suspicious digital rectal examination findings [16 (23.9%) vs. 17 (18.9%)] and PI-RADS scores [24 (35.8%), 24 (35.8%), 19 (28.4%) and 21 (23.3%) vs. 21 (23.3%), 42 (46.7%), 27 (30.0%) for PI-RADS 3, 4, and 5, respectively]. There was no significant difference in baseline characteristics between the two groups (all P<0.05). The overall and stratified detection rates of PCa and clinically significant prostate cancer (CsPCa) were compared between the two groups. The upgrading rates of Gleason score after radical prostatectomy against biopsy Gleason score were compared between the two groups. Results:There was no significant difference between COG-TB and FUS-TB in the detection rate of PCa [76.1% (51/67) vs. 68.9% (62/90), P=0.32]. Also, no significant difference was found in the detection rate of PCa stratified by PSA [0-10ng/ml: 69.1% (29/42) vs. 57.1% (28/49); 10-20ng/ml: 88.0% (22/25) vs. 82.9% (34/41); all P>0.05] and PI-RADS score [3: 45.8% (11/24) vs. 23.8% (5/21); 4: 91.7% (22/24) vs. 81.0% (34/42); 5: 94.7% (18/19) vs. 85.2% (23/27); all P>0.05]. Similarly, there was no dramatically difference between COG-TB and FUS-TB in the detection rate of CsPCa [58.2% (39//67) vs. 50.0% (45/90), P>0.05]. No significant difference was found in the detection of CsPCa stratified by PSA [0-10ng/ml: 45.2% (19/42) vs.36.7% (18/49); 10-20 ng/ml: 80.0% (20/25) vs. 65.9% (27/41) ; all P>0.05] and PI-RADS score [3: 29.2% (7/24) vs. 9.5% (2/21), 4: 66.7% (16/24) vs. 57.1% (24/42), 5: 84.2%(16/19) vs. 70.4% (19/27) ; all P>0.05]. Additionally, the two technique was not different significantly in the upgrading rate [28.9% (13/45) vs. 26.2% (11/42), P=0.78]. Conclusions:There is no significant difference between FUS-TB and COG-TB in the detection rate of PCa and CsPCa, along with the upgrading rate after RP in patients with PSA ≤ 20 ng / ml and PI-RADS v2.1 score≥3.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 833-838, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810231

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence and clinical features to probe the risk factors of hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in children and adolescents with hematological diseases post haplo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) .@*Methods@#Medical records of 62 children and 27 adolescents with hematological diseases treated with haplo-HSCT between 2015 and 2016 were analyzed.@*Results@#Of 89 cases (56 boys and 33 girls) , 44 patients were diagnosed with ALL, 33 AML, 3 AHL and 9 MDS. HC occurred in 32 of the 89 patients with an incidence of 36%, including 6 with grade Ⅰ, 16 with grade Ⅱ, 8 with grade Ⅲ, 2 with grade Ⅳ HC, respectively. The median time of HC onset was 25 days (range 2-55 days) after haplo-HSCT with the median duration as 19 days (range 3-95 days) , all of them were cured. The incidence of HC was lower in the group of children than that in the group of adolescents (27.4% vs 55.6%, χ2=6.466, P<0.05) , and the incidence of HC was higher in the group of patients who were ≥5 years old than that in the group of patients who were <5 years old (0 vs 34%, χ2=4.043, P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#HC is one of common complications in children and adolescents with hematological diseases post haplo-HSCT, older age was associated with increased mortality.

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