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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2756-2758, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504541

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for clinical rational drug use in advanced breast cancer patients with grade Ⅳmyelosupression induced by chemotherapy. METHODS:108 advanced breast cancer patients with grade Ⅳ myelosupression in-duced by chemotherapy in our hospital from July 2014 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed on the characteristics of myelosu-pression and the reasonability of chemotherapy reguneb and adjuvant drug for myelosupression. RESULTS:The incidence of gradeⅣ myelosupression induced by chemotherapy in advanced breast cancer patients was 8.3%,chiefly manifesting as grade Ⅳ neutro-penia(94.4%). The chemotherapy regimens which induced grade Ⅳ myelosupression were mainly docetaxel+epirubicin,docetaxel, vinorelbine+lobaplatin;irrational chemotherapy plan mainly shows irrational pretreatment of chemotherapy drug (32 cases, 91.4%);irrational therapy of myelosupression mainly manifested as rophylactic use of antimicrobials without indication,unsuitable choice of antibiotics(29 cases for each,36.2% for each). CONCLUSIONS:The use of drugs used in advanced breast cancer pa-tients with grade Ⅳ myelosupression induced by chemotherapy is basically rational,yet it is far from perfect in pretreatment of che-motherapy drug and therapy for gradeⅣmyelosupression,which should be further improved.

2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 352-357, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328798

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The three-dimensional (3D) structure of left atrial appendage (LAA) in atrial fibrillation patients were reconstructed by Mimics 3D imaging system, aiming at guiding for selection of both the size and location of the closure devices and making preliminary risk assessment of LAA closure with Watchman system.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Inclusion criteria were: ten voluntary patients with both atrial fibrillation and indication for LAA closure aging from 40 to 85 years old with contraindication for oral anticoagulants or unwillingness to take long-term oral anticoagulation therapy from May to December 2014. 3D reconstruction of LAA was preoperatively made by Mimics 3D imaging system. With the Mimics 3D reconstruction model and the results of both transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and LAA radiography, the size and location for the closure device were chosen. The devices were planted at the ostium of the LAA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ten atrial fibrillation patients were enrolled (average age: (66.3±11.9) years old) and all successfully implanted with the Watchman LAA closure devices. Nine of them were with non-valvular atrial fibrillation with average CHADS2-VAS score (3.2±1.7) and HAS-BLED score (2.7±1.6). The rest one was a valvular atrial fibrillation patient with the history of the percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) without surgical indications of mitral valve replacement (MVR). There was no blood leakage around the device by regular postoperative TEE and LAA radiography examinations. There were no complications of bleeding, embolism, or stroke through both at peri-operative period and at 1 month follow-up post procedure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Preoperative Mimics 3D reconstruction of LAA by Mimics 3D imaging system among atrial fibrillation patients provides essential information guiding the successful LAA closures.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anticoagulants , Atrial Appendage , General Surgery , Atrial Fibrillation , General Surgery , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Contraindications , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Embolism , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Middle Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Prosthesis Implantation , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1343-1344,1346, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601007

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effects of Qufeng Jiedu Huoluo Decoction in treating the acute stage of periph-eral facial paralysis.Methods 60 cases of acute stage of peripheral facial paralysis were randomly divided into 2 groups,30 cases in each group.The two groups were treated by acupuncture.In addition the treatment group was added with oral Qufeng Jiedu Huoluo Decoction.Results The relief time of posterior auricular pain in the treatment group was shorter than that in the control group (P <0.05);the alleviation situation of the accompanying symptoms after 7 d and the neural function recovery situation after 14 d in the treatment group were superior to those in the control group (P < 0.05);the total effective rate in the treatment group was 93.3%,which was higher than 83.4% in the control group,the difference had statistical significance(P < 0.05).Conclusion Qufeng Jiedu Huoluo Decoction can effectively alleviate the clinical symptoms and signs of acute stage in peripheral facial paralysis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446579

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Inducing pluripotent stem cels has been considered as a promising treatment for ischemic heart disease. However, an ideal inducing method has not been found yet. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the role of sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX1) promoter in the differentiation of mouse induced pluriptent stem cels (miPS) into cardiomyocytes. METHODS: The pLVX-IRES-ZsGreen1 vectors which contain NCX1 promoter constructed by recombinant DNA technology were co-transfected to 293FT cels with ViraPowerTM Lentiviral Packaging Mix. The recombinant lentiviruses infected with miPS were selected and purified by puromycin. miPS were recovered and passaged to form embryoid bodies. The embryoid bodies were induced by differentiation medium containing various concentrations of the virus titer. The number of beating embryoid bodies were calculated. The expression profiles of the myocardial intra-markers were tested to determine the differentiation efficiency of iPSC by RT-PCR and immunofluorescence analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:pLVX-IRES-ZsGreen1 vectors which contain NCX1 promoter were constructed and confirmed by PCR. Virus could be packaged, purified and concentrated successfuly. The recombinant lentivirus to transduce miPS was sorted by flow cytometry. In contrast to NCX1-/GFP- cels, NCX1+/GFP+ cels were differentiated and developed prominent beating areas with sustained contractile activity for additional 4 days, and demonstrated positive expression of gap communication marker CX43 and cardiac troponin. The expressions of GATA4, MEF2c and Nkx2.5 in the NCX1+ cels were 4.2, 7.5, and 2.5 times those in NCX1- cels. Results showed the NCX1 promoter can promote the cardiac differentiation of miPS .

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 780-788, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292208

ABSTRACT

Interferon beta (IFN-beta) and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) are effective anticancer agents. Adeno-associated virus (AAV) is one of the current most promising gene delivery vectors. Previously, we constructed tumor-targeting AAV-hTERT-IFN-beta and AAV-hTERT-TRAIL by inserting IFN-beta or TRAIL gene into AAV controlled by hTERT promoter. The studies showed that either single IFN-beta or TRAIL gene therapy exhibited a certain extent anticancer effect. Here, we report their inhibitory effects on A549 lung cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo by combined AAV-hTERT-IFN-beta and AAV-hTERT-TRAIL. Expression of secreted IFN-beta in lung cancer A549 cells infected by AAV-hTERT-IFN-beta was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The growth-suppressing effect of AAV-hTERT-IFN-beta in combination with AAV-hTERT-TRAIL on several cancer cell lines was assessed by MTT assay. Apoptosis of A549 cancer cells infected by AAV-hTERT-IFN-beta alone, AAV-hTERT-TRAIL alone, and their combination was evaluated by apoptotic cell staining and flow cytometry (FCM), respectively. The antitumor effect of the combination of AAV-hTERT-IFN-beta with AAV-hTERT-TRAIL in vivo was further evaluated through A549 lung cancer xenograft in nude mice. The results showed that the combinational treatment was superior to any alone and presented intensified tumor cytotoxic and apoptotic effect on A549 cancer cells. Most importantly, the combination of AAV-hTERT-IFN-beta with AAV-hTERT-TRAIL exhibited significant antitumor effect and eliminated all tumor masses in nude mice, which lay a foundation for exploring the molecular mechanisms of combined IFN-beta and TRAIL anti-tumor activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Dependovirus , Genetics , Metabolism , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Humans , Interferon-beta , Genetics , Pharmacology , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , Therapeutics , Mice , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Transplantation , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Pharmacology , TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand , Genetics , Pharmacology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389544

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effects of intra-peritoneal fluid resuscitation on small intestinal mucosa in rats with hemorrhagic shock. Method Fifty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly (random number) divided into five groups, namely sham operation group (group I ), hemorrhagic shock group (group Ⅱ ), intra-venous fluid resuscitation group (group Ⅲ ) . intravenous fluid resuscitation plus intra-peritoneal saline resuscitation (group Ⅳ ) and intravenous fluid resuscitation plus intra-peritoneal PD-2 solution resuscitation group (group Ⅴ ). The rats of 5 groups were processed with cannulations of right common carotid artery, right femoral vein and left femoral artery with systemic heparinization. The rat models of hemorrhagic shock were established with modified Wigger' s method by which the blood exsanguinated from left femoral artery. The rats of group Ⅲ were resuscitated with shed blood plus twice equal volume of Ringer's solution after modeling of hemorrhagic shock.The rats of group Ⅳ and group Ⅴ were administered intra-peritoneally with 30 mL saline and 30 mL of 2.5% PD-2 solution, respectively as adjuncts to those used in the group Ⅲ . The specimens of blood and small intestine of rats of all groups were collected 60-120 minutes after modeling and resuscitation. The activity of plasma diamine oxidase (DAO) was determined with chromatometry, the level of plasma D-lactic acid (D-LA) with spectorophotometry and the level of plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with nephelometry. The histopathological and ultrastructure changes of small intestine tissue of rats were observed under light microscope and electronic microscope. Results There were remarkable differences in activity of DAO, and the levels of D-LA and IPS in rats between those ingroup Ⅱ and group I (P <0.01), and between those in group V and groups Ⅱ , Ⅲ or Ⅳ (P <0.05 or P < 0.01) The pathomorphology and ultra-structure of small intestine tissues were severely damaged in group Ⅱ compared with those in group Ⅰ , and those markedly lessened in group V compared with groups Ⅱ , Ⅲ and Ⅳ . Conclusions Intraperitoneal fluid resuscitation with PD-2 solution can significantly protect the integrity of intestinal mucosa and the normal permeability of intestinal wall, and blunts the histopathological changes, and restrains bacterial translocation from gut and reduces the level of plasma endotoxin.

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