Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Add filters

Year range
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 968-976, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958608


Objective:To investigate the prognostic value and related factors of heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) in patients with heart failure.Methods:A total of 877 consecutive patients who were admitted to heart failure care unit of Fuwai hospital and diagnosed as heart failure from July 2015 to July 2017 were enrolled in this study. Baseline serum H-FABP concentration was measured by fluorescence lateral flow immunoassay. According to serum H-FABP levels, patients were divided into three groups: low H-FABP group (H-FABP≤4.04 ng/ml, n=292), middle H-FABP group (H-FABP 4.04-7.02 ng/ml, n=292) and high H-FABP group (H-FABP≥7.02 ng/ml, n=293). The general clinical characteristics were collected and compared among the three groups. According to whether heart failure was caused by coronary artery disease or not, patients with heart failure were divided into ischemic heart failure and non-ischemic heart failure. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to explore the independent risk factors of H-FABP. The primary endpoint events were the composite of all-cause death or heart transplantation. Multivariate Cox regression analyses, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, risk prediction tests with multivariate Cox regression model and Kaplan-Meier analyses were conducted to investigate the relationship between H-FABP and the prognosis of heart failure. Results:Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that age, coronary artery disease, alanine aminotransferase, uric acid and N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were positively associated with H-FABP (β=0.012, 0.238, 0.001, 0.345 and 0.063 respectively,all P<0.05), while female, hemoglobin, albumin, sodium, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were negatively associated with H-FABP (β=-0.184, -0.006, -0.016, -0.034 and -0.006 respectively, all P<0.05). One hundred and nineteen patients (13.6%) lost to follow-up, and 246 patients (32.5%) suffered from all-cause death or heart transplantation during the median follow-up duration of 931 (412-1 185) days. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that baseline H-FABP (log 2H-FABP) level was the independent predictor of all-cause death or heart transplantation in patients with heart failure ( HR=1.39, P<0.001). ROC curves showed that baseline H-FABP was a predictor of all-cause death or heart transplantation in patients with heart failure within 3 months, 1 year and 2 years (areas under the curves were 0.69, 0.69 and 0.71 respectively), and the best cut-off values were 5.85 ng/ml, 6.54 ng/ml and 6.54 ng/ml respectively. Risk prediction test with multivariate Cox regression model showed that baseline H-FABP could provide additional prognostic value in predicting all-cause death or heart transplantation for patients with heart failure on top of basic model and baseline NT-proBNP ( P<0.001). Taking 6.54 ng/ml and trisected levels of H-FABP as cut-off values respectively, Kaplan-Meier analyses showed that the survival rates were significantly different among the two or three groups ( P<0.001). Subgroup analyses showed that baseline H-FABP (log 2H-FABP) level was an independent predictor of all-cause death or heart transplantation in patients with ischemic heart failure ( HR=1.74, P<0.001), as well as in patients with non-ischemic heart failure ( HR=1.28, P=0.027). Conclusions:Age, sex, coronary artery disease, hemoglobin, albumin, alanine aminotransferase, sodium, eGFR, uric acid and NT-proBNP are associated with H-FABP level. Baseline H-FABP level is an independent predictor of all-cause death or heart transplantation in patients with heart failure. On top of basic model and baseline NT-proBNP, baseline H-FABP could provide additional prognostic value in predicting adverse events for patients with heart failure.

Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 165-172, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488130


Heme oxygenases (HO) are rate-limiting enzymes which degrade heme into carbon monoxide,biliverdin and free iron. HO-1 is the inducible form of HO. Induction and over-expression of HO-1 or inhibition of HO-1 degradation have been shown to interfere with replication of hepatitis B and C viruses,acute and chronic liver inflammation,and progression to fibrosis. HO-1 as well as its reaction products of heme degradation has been linked to cytoprotection by its anti-inflammatory,antioxidative and anti-apoptotic effects,displayed a broad range of protective effects against hepatic damage,and showed beneficial effects on ischemia-reperfusion injury,acute/chronic graft rejection and graft survival rate in liver transplantation. However,HO-1 has been found to be over-expressed in tumor cells. Inhibition of HO-1 expression can promote tumor cell apoptosis,decrease growth of HCC and reduce angiogenesis, suggesting that HO-1 is a potential target in the treatment of hepatic cancer. To validate the target property of HO-1,this review analyzed the effects and mechanism of action of HO-1 and its products in viral hepatitis,liver injury,hepatic fibrosis,liver transplantation and hepatocellular carcinoma. Given HO-1′s marked anti-viral,anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective properties,the inhibitory effect of its down-modulation on hepatic cancer and the strategy to target HO-1 may promise new areas in both drug development and clinical therapy of liver diseases.

China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 319-323, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298407


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the antioxidant and cytotoxic properties of five diarylheptanoids (1-5) isolated from the rhizomes of Zingiber officinale.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Various models such as scavenging superoxide anions and 1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals, inhibiting lipid peroxidation, as well as protecting of rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were employed to assay the antioxidative effects of the diarylheptanoids. The cytotoxicities of compounds 1-5 were measured with MTT assays.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The test compounds (1-5) showed promising DPPH inhibitory activities, and compound 5 exhibited the strongest DPPH scavenging activity with an IC50 value of (22.6+/-2.4) micromol x L(-1). Compounds 1, 3 and 4 showed potential anti-peroxidative effects with inhibitory rates of (66.3+/-15.4)%, (68.7+/-15.8)% and (72.2+/-10.6)%, respectively, at 100 microg x mL(-1). It could be observed that compounds 1, 3 and 4 demonstrated significant neuroprotective activities in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, compound 3 exhibited certain cytotoxicities against human chronic myelogenous leukemia cells (K562) and its adriamycin-resistant cells (K562/ADR) with IC50 values of (34.9+/-0.6), (50.6+/-23.5) micromol x L(-1), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In vitro results demonstrated that five diarylheptanoids (1-5) isolated from the roots of Z. officinale were capable of scavenging radicals, inhibiting lipid peroxidation and protecting PC12 cells against the insult by H2O2. Additionally, compound 3 could inhibit the growth of K562 and K562/ADR cells.</p>

Animals , Humans , Rats , Antioxidants , Toxicity , Cell Proliferation , Cytotoxins , Toxicity , Diarylheptanoids , Metabolism , Toxicity , Free Radicals , Metabolism , Zingiber officinale , Chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide , Metabolism , K562 Cells , Oils, Volatile , Pharmacology , PC12 Cells , Rats, Sprague-Dawley