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1.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 736-739, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994763

ABSTRACT

The standardized residency training of general practice is a complex project, the functional departments of the training base should play an active role for its management. The functional department of education in Zhongshan Hospital constantly explores its position and role, connects relevant departments vertically and horizontally to provides management and service for general practice residency training. That means that it should not only to provide advice for leadership decision-making, but also coordinate with all functional departments of the training base. The department has participated in the teaching management and supervision, educational research and training quality control, and accomplished positive results in general practice residency training for last 35 years.

2.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1491-1497, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of serum D-dimer combined with myocardial injury markers on admission for early identification of high-risk patients with acute myocarditis.Methods:Patients hospitalized for acute myocarditis in China-Japan Friendship Hospital were retrospectively enrolled from 2010 to 2021. Patients were divided into the high D-dimer level group and low D-dimer level group according to the median value of D-dimer measured by immunoturbidimetry within 24 h of admission. In-hospital adverse events were defined as death, cardiogenic shock, malignant ventricular arrhythmia and new-onset heart failure. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to explore the independent predictors of in-hospital adverse events, and receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the predictive value.Results:A total of 106 patients were analyzed, including 52 high level D-dimer patients and 54 low level D-dimer patients, with an average age of (36±16) years, and 62.3% were male. Compared with the low D-dimer level group, patients in the high D-dimer level group had lower mean systolic blood pressure [(114±21) mmHg vs. (121±14) mmHg] and diastolic blood pressure [(71±13) mmHg vs. (76±10) mmHg], higher heart rate [(97±26) beats/min vs. (79±15) beats/min], higher C-reactive protein levels [6.82 (1.61, 20.05) mg/dL vs. 1.30 (0.13, 8.93) mg/dL] and creatinine levels [86.95 (67.63, 117.83) μmol/L vs. 68.80 (60.18, 81.93) μmol/L] on admission. The proportion of patients having QRS interval >120 ms on electrocardiogram was higher in high D-dimer level group (25.0% vs. 7.4%). There was no significant difference in patients with positive myocardial injury biomarkers between the two groups. The incidence of in-hospital adverse events was higher in the high D-dimer level group (67.3% vs. 22.2%, P<0.001). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that serum D-dimer levels and elevated myocardial injury markers on admission were independently associated with in-hospital adverse events. The area under the curve (AUC) of elevated serum D-dimer level on admission for predicting in-hospital adverse events was 0.781 (95% CI: 0.690-0.873), the sensitivity was 74.5%, and the specificity was 71.2%. When combined with positive cardiac biomarkers, the AUC was 0.831 (95% CI: 0.752-0.910) with a sensitivity of 80.9% and a specificity of 78.0%. Conclusions:Elevated D-dimer level on admission can predict the risk of in-hospital adverse events in patients with acute myocarditis. The combination of cardiac injury biomarkers can improve the predictive value.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 39-43, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932022

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the independent prognostic value of minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production slope (VE/Vco 2 slope)on heart failure after acute myocardial infarction. Methods:131 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated in the cardiology department of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from September 2018 to September 2019 were collected and followed up 3 months after discharge. They were divided into heart failure (HF) group and non-heart failure (NHF) group. All the patients underwent cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) before discharge.Results:Three months after discharge, the VE/Vco 2 slope was higher in HF group than in NHF group (36.7±3.8 vs 29.7±4.0, P=0.014). The best VE/Vco 2 slope cutoff for the prediction of heart failure after 3 month was 33.05 with a sensitivity of 81.4% and a specificity of 80.6% [area under curve (AUC) was 0.844, P<0.001]. VE /Vco 2 slope level was an independent predictor of heart failure in patients with acute myocardial infarction after discharge ( OR=1.245, 95% CI: 1.021-1.366, P=0.019). Other independent indicators related to heart failure included N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptid (NT-proBNP) level ( OR=1.283, 95% CI: 1.019-1.399, P=0.033). Conclusions:VE/Vco 2 slope yielded strong, independent predictive value for heart failure at 3 month after discharge to AMI patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 616-627, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influences of age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) on prognosis of patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 242 gastric cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic radical gastrectomy in 19 hospitals of the Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study Group-04 study, including 54 patients in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 32 patients in the First Hospital of Putian City, 32 patients in Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 31 patients in Zhangzhou Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, 17 patients in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 11 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, 8 patients in Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital, 8 patients in Meizhou People′s Hospital, 7 patients in Fujian Provincial Hospital, 6 patients in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, 6 patients in Longyan First Hospital, 5 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, 5 patients in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University, 4 patients in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 4 patients in West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 4 patients in Beijing University Cancer Hospital, 3 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 3 patients in Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital, 2 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University, from September 2016 to October 2017 were collected. There were 193 males and 49 females, aged 62(range, 23?74)years. Observation indicators: (1) age distribution, comorbidities and ACCI status of patients; (2) the grouping of ACCI and comparison of clinicopathological characteristics of patients in each group; (3) incidence of postoperative early complications and analysis of factors affecting postoperative early complications; (4) follow-up; (5) analysis of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect postoperative survival of patients up to December 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the nonparametric rank sum test. The X-Tile software (version 3.6.1) was used to analyze the best ACCI grouping threshold. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates and draw survival curves. The Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. The Logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors affecting postoperative early complications. The COX proportional hazard model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Multivariate analysis used stepwise regression to include variables with P<0.05 in univariate analysis and variables clinically closely related to prognosis. Results:(1) Age distribution, comor-bidities and ACCI status of patients. Of the 242 patients, there were 28 cases with age <50 years, 68 cases with age of 50 to 59 years, 113 cases with age of 60 to 69 years, 33 cases with age of 70 to 79 years. There was 1 patient combined with mild liver disease, 1 patient combined with diabetes of end-organ damage, 2 patients combined with peripheral vascular diseases, 2 patients combined with peptic ulcer, 6 patients combined with congestive heart failure, 8 patients combined with chronic pulmonary diseases, 9 patients with diabetes without end-organ damage. The ACCI of 242 patients was 2 (range, 0-4). (2) The grouping of ACCI and comparison of clinicopathological characteristics of patients in each group. Results of X-Tile software analysis showed that ACCI=3 was the best grouping threshold. Of the 242 patients, 194 cases with ACCI <3 were set as the low ACCI group and 48 cases with ACCI ≥3 were set as the high ACCI group, respectively. Age, body mass index, cases with preoperative comorbidities, cases of American Society of Anesthesiologists classification as stage Ⅰ, stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲ, tumor diameter, cases with tumor histological type as signet ring cell or poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and cases with tumor type as moderately or well differentiated adenocarcinoma, cases with tumor pathological T staging as stage T1, stage T2, stage T3, stage T4, chemotherapy cycles were (58±9)years, (22.6±2.9)kg/m 2, 31, 106, 85, 3, (4.0±1.9)cm, 104, 90, 16, 29, 72, 77, 6(4,6) in the low ACCI group, versus (70±4) years, (21.7±2.7)kg/m 2, 23, 14, 33, 1, (5.4±3.1)cm, 36, 12, 3, 4, 13, 28, 4(2,5) in the high ACCI group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( t=-14.37, 1.98, χ2=22.64, Z=-3.11, t=-2.91, χ2=7.22, Z=-2.21, -3.61, P<0.05). (3) Incidence of postoperative early complications and analysis of factors affecting postoperative early complications. Of the 242 patients, 33 cases had postoperative early complications, including 20 cases with local complications and 16 cases with systemic complica-tions. Some patients had multiple complications at the same time. Of the 20 patients with local complications, 12 cases had abdominal infection, 7 cases had anastomotic leakage, 2 cases had incision infection, 2 cases had abdominal hemorrhage, 2 cases had anastomotic hemorrhage and 1 case had lymphatic leakage. Of the 16 patients with systemic complications, 11 cases had pulmonary infection, 2 cases had arrhythmias, 2 cases had sepsis, 1 case had liver failure, 1 case had renal failure, 1 case had pulmonary embolism, 1 case had deep vein thrombosis, 1 case had urinary infection and 1 case had urine retention. Of the 33 cases with postoperative early complications, there were 3 cases with grade Ⅰ complications, 22 cases with grade Ⅱ complications, 5 cases with grade Ⅲa complications, 2 cases with grade Ⅲb complications and 1 case with grade Ⅳ complica-tions of Clavien-Dindo classification. Cases with postoperative early complications, cases with local complications, cases with systemic complications were 22, 13, 9 in the low ACCI group, versus 11, 7, 7 in the high ACCI group, respectively. There were significant differences in cases with postoperative early complications and cases with systemic complications between the two groups ( χ2=4.38, 4.66, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in cases with local complications between the two groups ( χ2=2.20, P>0.05). Results of Logistic regression analysis showed that ACCI was a related factor for postoperative early complications of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy [ odds ratio=2.32, 95% confidence interval ( CI) as 1.04-5.21, P<0.05]. (4) Follow-up. All the 242 patients were followed up for 36(range,1?46)months. During the follow-up, 53 patients died and 13 patients survived with tumor. The 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of the 242 patients was 73.5%. The follow-up time, cases died and cases survived with tumor during follow-up, the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate were 36(range, 2-46)months, 29, 10, 80.0% for the low ACCI group, versus 35(range, 1-42)months, 24, 3, 47.4% for the high ACCI group. There was a significant difference in the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate between the two groups ( χ2=30.49, P<0.05). (5) Analysis of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Results of univariate analysis showed that preoperative comorbidities, ACCI, tumor diameter, histological type, vascular invasion, lymphatic invasion, neural invasion, tumor pathological TNM staging, postoperative early complications were related factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy [ hazard ratio ( HR)=2.52, 3.64, 2.62, 0.47, 2.87, 1.90, 1.86, 21.77, 1.97, 95% CI as 1.52-4.17, 2.22-5.95, 1.54-4.46, 0.27-0.80, 1.76-4.70, 1.15-3.12, 1.10-3.14, 3.01-157.52, 1.11-3.50, P<0.05]. Results of multivariate analysis showed that ACCI, tumor pathological TNM staging, adjuvant chemotherapy were indepen-dent influencing factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy ( HR=3.65, 11.00, 40.66, 0.39, 95% CI as 2.21-6.02, 1.40-86.73, 5.41-305.69, 0.22-0.68, P<0.05). Conclusions:ACCI is a related factor for post-operative early complications of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparos-copic radical gastrectomy. ACCI, tumor pathological TNM staging, adjuvant chemotherapy are indepen-dent influencing factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 362-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930946

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the 10-year outcome and prognostic factors of laparo-scopic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer. Methods:The retrospec-tive cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 652 patients with locally advanced gastric cancer who were admitted to 16 hospitals from the multicenter database of laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery in the Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study (CLASS) Group, including 214 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University, 191 cases in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 52 cases in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 49 cases in West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 43 cases in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Medical University, 25 cases in Jiangsu Province Hospital of Chinese Medicine, 14 cases in the First Medical Center of the Chinese PLA General Hospital, 12 cases in No.989 Hospital of PLA, 12 cases in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 10 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, 9 cases in the First People's Hospital of Foshan, 7 cases in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 7 cases in Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, 3 cases in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, 2 cases in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 2 cases in Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, from February 2004 to December 2010 were collected. There were 442 males and 210 females, aged (57±12)years. All patients underwent laparoscopic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative pathological examination; (3) postoperative recovery and complications; (4) follow-up; (5) prognostic factors analysis. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect the tumor recurrence and metastasis, postoperative survival of patients up to March 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percen-tages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the rank sum test. The life table method was used to calculate survival rates and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves. Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were analyzed using the COX hazard regression model. Results:(1) Surgical situations: among 652 patients, 617 cases underwent D 2 lymph node dissection and 35 cases underwent D 2+ lymph node dissection. There were 348 cases with Billroth Ⅱ anastomosis, 218 cases with Billroth Ⅰ anastomosis, 25 cases with Roux-en-Y anastomosis and 61 cases with other digestive tract reconstruction methods. Twelve patients had combined visceral resection. There were 569 patients with intraoperative blood transfusion and 83 cases without blood transfusion. The operation time of 652 patients was 187(155,240)minutes and volume of intraoperative blood loss was 100(50,150)mL. (2) Postoperative pathological examina-tion: the maximum diameter of tumor was (4.5±2.0)cm of 652 patients. The number of lymph node dissected of 652 patients was 26(19,35), in which the number of lymph node dissected was >15 of 570 cases and ≤15 of 82 cases. The number of metastatic lymph node was 4(1,9). The proximal tumor margin was (4.8±1.6)cm and the distal tumor margin was (4.5±1.5)cm. Among 652 patients, 255 cases were classified as Borrmann type Ⅰ-Ⅱ, 334 cases were classified as Borrmann type Ⅲ-Ⅳ, and 63 cases had missing Borrmann classification data. The degree of tumor differentiation was high or medium in 171 cases, low or undifferentiated in 430 cases, and the tumor differentiation data was missing in 51 cases. There were 123, 253 and 276 cases in pathological stage T2, T3 and T4a, respectively. There were 116, 131, 214 and 191 cases in pathological stage N0, N1, N2 and N3, respectively. There were 260 and 392 cases in pathological TNM stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ, respectively. (3) Postoperative recovery and complications: the time to postoperative first out-of-bed activities, time to postoperative first flatus, time to the initial liquid food intake, duration of postoperative hospital stay of 652 patients were 3(2,4)days, 4(3,5)days, 5(4,6)days, 10(9,13)days, respectively. Among 652 patients, 69 cases had postoperative complications. Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ, grade Ⅲa, grade Ⅲb, and grade Ⅳa complications occurred in 60, 3, 5 and 1 cases, respectively (some patients could have multiple complications). The duodenal stump leakage was the most common surgical complication, with the incidence of 3.07%(20/652). Respiratory complication was the most common systemic complication, with the incidence of 2.91%(19/652). All the 69 patients were recovered and discharged successfully after treatment. (4) Follow-up: 652 patients were followed up for 110-193 months, with a median follow-up time of 124 months. There were 298 cases with postoperative recurrence and metastasis. Of the 255 patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, there were 21 cases with distant metastasis, 69 cases with peritoneal metastasis, 37 cases with local recurrence, 52 cases with multiple recurrence and metastasis, 76 cases with recurrence and metastasis at other locations. The above indicators were 5, 9, 10, 4, 15 of the 43 patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years. There was no significant difference in the type of recurrence and metastasis between them ( χ2=5.52, P>0.05). Cases in pathological TNM stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ were 62 and 193 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, versus 23 and 20 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years, showing a significant difference in pathological TNM staging between them ( χ2=15.36, P<0.05). Cases in pathological stage T2, T3, T4a were 42, 95, 118 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, versus 9, 21, 13 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years, showing no significant difference in pathological T staging between them ( Z=-1.80, P>0.05). Further analysis showed no significant difference in cases in pathological stage T2 or T3 ( χ2=0.52, 2.08, P>0.05) but a significant difference in cases in pathological stage T4a between them ( χ2=3.84, P<0.05). Cases in pathological stage N0, N1, N2, N3 were 19, 44, 85, 107 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, versus 12, 5, 18, 8 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years, showing a significant difference in pathological N staging between them ( Z=-3.34, P<0.05). Further analysis showed significant differences in cases in pathological stage N0 and N3 ( χ2=16.52, 8.47, P<0.05) but no significant difference in cases in pathological stage N1 or N2 ( χ2=0.85, 1.18, P>0.05). The median overall survival time was 81 months after surgery and 10-year overall survival rate was 46.1% of 652 patients. The 10-year overall survival rates of patients in TNM stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ were 59.6% and 37.5%, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=35.29, P<0.05). In further analysis, the 10-year overall survival rates of patients in pathological TNM stage ⅡA, ⅡB, ⅢA, ⅢB and ⅢC were 65.6%, 55.8%, 46.9%, 37.1% and 24.0%, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=55.06, P<0.05). The 10-year overall survival rates of patients in patholo-gical stage T2, T3 and T4a were 55.2%, 46.5% and 41.5%, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=8.39, P<0.05). The 10-year overall survival rates of patients in patholo-gical stage N0, N1, N2 and N3 were 63.7%, 56.2%, 48.5% and 26.4%, respectively, showing a signifi-cant difference between them ( χ2=54.89, P<0.05). (5) Prognostic factors analysis: results of univariate analysis showed that age, maximum diameter of tumor, degree of tumor differentiation as low or undifferentiated, pathological TNM staging, pathological T staging, pathological stage N2 or N3, post-operative chemotherapy were related factors for the 10-year overall survival rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy ( hazard ratio=1.45, 1.64, 1.37, 2.05, 1.30, 1.68, 3.08, 0.56, 95% confidence interval as 1.15-1.84, 1.32-2.03, 1.05-1.77, 1.62-2.59, 1.05-1.61, 1.17-2.42, 2.15-4.41, 0.44-0.70, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that maximum diameter of tumor >4 cm, low-differentiated or undifferentiated tumor, pathological TNM stage Ⅲ were independent risk factors for the 10-year overall survival rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy ( hazard ratio=1.48,1.44, 1.81, 95% confidence interval as 1.19-1.84, 1.11-1.88, 1.42-2.30, P<0.05) and postoperative chemotherapy was a independent protective factor for the 10-year overall survi-val rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic D 2 radical distal gastrec-tomy ( hazard ratio=0.57, 95% confidence interval as 045-0.73, P<0.05). Conclusions:Laparoscopic assisted D 2 radical distal gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer has satisfactory 10-year oncologic outcomes. A high proportion of patients in pathological TNM stage Ⅲ, pathological stage T4a, pathological stage N3 have the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, whereas a high proportion of patients in pathological TNM stage Ⅱ or pathological stage N0 have the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years. Maximum diameter of tumor >4 cm, low-differentiated or undifferentiated tumor, pathological TNM stage Ⅲ are independent risk factors for the 10-year overall survival rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparos-copic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy. Postoperative chemotherapy is a independent protective factor for the 10-year overall survival rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparos-copic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1139-1147, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911467

ABSTRACT

Dronedarone, a class Ⅲ antiarrhythmic drug, is a deiodinated benzofuran derivative of amiodarone. It has similar antiarrhythmic effects with amiodarone, but much lesser adverse effects than amiodarone, particularly in those outside the heart. It is suggested to use dronedarone for the rhythm control of atrial fibrillation/flutter, for it has been shown to prevent the recurrence of atrial fibrillation/flutter and reduce rehospitalization in patients with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation/flutter. Dronedarone is not recommended for the rhythm control in patients with long-term persistent atrial fibrillation or permanent atrial fibrillation, and atrial flutter or atrial fibrillation patients with reduced ejection fraction. Liver function, electrolyte tests and an electrocardiogram should be performed before and after the drug initiation. Potential interactions with other kinds of drugs have to be taken into consideration as well.

7.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 421-437, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885161

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is the most important comorbidity of cardiovascular disease, and cardiovascular disease is the main cause of mortality and disability of patients with type 2 diabetes. In order to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease, the National Health Commission Capacity Building and Continuing Education Center organized the experts from the field of cardiology and endocrinology systematically reviewing the research progresses and expert experiences of relevant disciplines from home and abroad, and formulated this consensus. This consensus covers the diagnosis, drug treatment, and risk factor management for patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease (including atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and heart failure) from the perspective of cardiovascular disease and diabetes management aiming to strengthen the comprehensive management of patients and ultimately to improve the prognosis of patients. The management of cardiovascular diseases mainly includes the management of blood pressure, blood lipids, anti-thrombosis, anti-myocardial ischemia, anti-ventricular remodeling and so on. Diabetes management mainly includes lifestyle intervention (including diet, exercise, weight loss, etc.), anti-hyperglycemia therapy (including drugs and insulin), blood glucose monitoring, and hypoglycemic prevention. In addition, specific clinical recommendations are given to patients with special health care needs such as diabetic nephropathy, elderly (>75 years), and cardiovascular critical illness.

8.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 981-985, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801400

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the value of full-angle ultrasonic shear wave elastography in differentiating benign and malignant breast diseases.@*Methods@#After constructing a new ultrasonic shear wave elastography system, the clinical and ultrasonographic data of 74 patients with mass breast diseases were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into benign group and malignant group according to the pathologic results. Meanwhile, the significant indicators of difference were screened out for ROC analysis, and the curve characteristics were compared.@*Results@#Eratio-45°, Eratio-225°, Emax-90°, Emax-270°, Emean-0° and Emean-180° were significantly different between the benign and malignant groups. The AUC of ROC were 0.71, 0.81, 0.83, 0.80, 0.86 and 0.83, respectively. The results of model evaluation showed that the specificity of model-Eratio-45° was relatively low (0.42), while the other 5 indicators showed high specificity (0.73-0.78).@*Conclusions@#The full-angle ultrasonic shear wave elastography can provide more information for differentiating benign from malignant breast diseases.

9.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 981-985, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824442

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of full-angle ultrasonic shear wave elastography in differentiating benign and malignant breast diseases.Methods After constructing a new ultrasonic shear wave elastography system,the clinical and ultrasonographic data of 74 patients with mass breast diseases were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into benign group and malignant group according to the pathologic results.Meanwhile,the significant indicators of difference were screened out for ROC analysis,and the curve characteristics were compared.Results Eratio-45°,Eratio-225°,Emax-90°,Emax270°,Emean-0° and Emean-180° were significantly different between the benign and malignant groups.The AUC of ROC were 0.71,0.81,0.83,0.80,0.86 and 0.83,respectively.The results of model evaluation showed that the specificity of model-Eratio-45° was relatively low (0.42),while the other 5 indicators showed high specificity (0.73-0.78).Conclusions The full-angle ultrasonic shear wave elastography can provide more information for differentiating benign from malignant breast diseases.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 196-199, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745818

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the etiology and treatment of acute intestinal obstruction.Methods Clinical data of patients who underwent operation for acute intestinal obstruction in Zhongshan Hospital from May 2012 to May 2017 were collected and retrospectively analyzed.Results 721 patients were included and the ratio of males to females was 1.55 ∶ 1.There were 48.8% in old-aged group and 51.1% in young-middle-aged group.The most common causes of ileus included tumor in 376 cases (51.5%),adhesion in 168 cases (23.3%),hernia in 70 cases (9.7%),intraluminal obstruction in 42 cases (5.8%) and others in 79 cases.There was a significant difference between incarcerated hernia in elderly group and middle-young-aged group (4.6% vs.15.1%,x2 =22.4,P < 0.01).The length of hospitalized days in patients with tumor and incarcerated hernia in elderly group were significantly longer than young-middle-aged patients [(15.3±8.6)d vs.(13.4±6.3)d,t =-2.5,P<0.05;(10.1 ± 6.7) d vs.(6.4 ± 2.9) d,t =-2.2,P < 0.05].The length of hospitalized days by limited operation in patients with tumor were significantly shorter than those by emergency operation [(16 ± 12)d vs.(18 ± 24) d,t =-0.3,P > 0.05].Conclusion Tumor and adhesion are the main causes of acute intestinal obstruction.Neoplastic bowel obstruction from small intestine or proximal colon requires emergency surgery.

11.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1288-1292, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338441

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the features of clinicopathology and prognosis in young gastric cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathological data of 90 young gastric cancer patients (≤40 years old) who received radical gastrectomy in the Department of General Surgery of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2013 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Survival data were obtained by follow-up and the last follow-up time was October 2016. Log-rank test and Cox regression model were used to analyze the risk factors of prognosis and these factors included gender, age, tumor size, degree of differentiation, histological type, Lauren pattern, T stage, N stage, vessel carcinoma embolus, clinical symptom, anemic condition, CA19-9 level, et al.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median age of 90 patients was 35 years old, of whom, 20(22.2%) patients were ≤30 years old and 70(77.8%) patients were between 31 and 40 years old. There were 70(77.8%) female patients, 38(42.2%) patients with anemia, 11(12.8%) patients with elevated CA19-9 level and 9(10.0%) patients with family history of gastrointestinal tumors. The mean time of all the patients from presence of symptom to consultation was 8.2 months. Postoperative pathology revealed 65(72.2%) patients with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, 6(6.7%) patients with mucinous adenocarcinoma, 9(10%) patients with signet-ring cell carcinoma, and 10(11.1%) patients with papillary-canalicular adencarcinoma. Sixty-nine (76.7%) patients were diagnosed as advanced gastric cancer and 67(74.4%) patients were involved with lymphatic metastasis when they visited our hospital. Univariate analysis showed that gender (P=0.021), tumor size (P=0.001), depth of tumor infiltration (P=0.016), lymphatic metastasis (P=0.000), vessel carcinoma embolus (P=0.001), elevated CA19-9 level (P=0.001), and anemia (0.024) were statistically related with postoperative survival. Multivariate analysis showed that lymphatic metastasis was an independent risk factor of the poor prognosis of young patients (HR:2.774, 95%CI:1.435 to 5.364, P=0.002).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The majority of young gastric cancer cases are female with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Most patients are diagnosed as advanced gastric cancer with lymphatic metastasis when they visit hospital at the first time. The lymphatic metastasis is an independent risk factor of prognosis in young gastric cancer patients.</p>

12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 47-52, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303912

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish an evaluation model of peritoneal metastasis in gastric cancer, and to assess its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical and pathologic data of the consecutive cases of gastric cancer admitted between April 2015 and December 2015 in Department of General Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 710 patients were enrolled in the study after 18 patients with other distant metastasis were excluded. The correlations between peritoneal metastasis and different factors were studied through univariate (Pearson's test or Fisher's exact test) and multivariate analyses (Binary Logistic regression). Independent predictable factors for peritoneal metastasis were combined to establish a risk evaluation model (nomogram). The nomogram was created with R software using the 'rms' package. In the nomogram, each factor had different scores, and every patient could have a total score by adding all the scores of each factor. A higher total score represented higher risk of peritoneal metastasis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to compare the sensitivity and specificity of the established nomogram. Delong. Delong. Clarke-Pearson test was used to compare the difference of the area under the curve (AUC). The cut-off value was determined by the AUC, when the ROC curve had the biggest AUC, the model had the best sensitivity and specificity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 710 patients, 47 patients had peritoneal metastasis (6.6%), including 30 male (30/506, 5.9%) and 17 female (17/204, 8.3%); 31 were ≥ 60 years old (31/429, 7.2%); 38 had tumor ≥ 3 cm(38/461, 8.2%). Lauren classification indicated that 2 patients were intestinal type(2/245, 0.8%), 8 patients were mixed type(8/208, 3.8%), 11 patients were diffuse type(11/142, 7.7%), and others had no associated data. CA19-9 of 13 patients was ≥ 37 kU/L(13/61, 21.3%); CA125 of 11 patients was ≥ 35 kU/L(11/36, 30.6%); CA72-4 of 11 patients was ≥ 10 kU/L(11/39, 28.2%). Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) of 26 patients was ≥ 2.37(26/231, 11.3%). Multivariate analysis showed that Lauren classification (HR=8.95, 95%CI:1.32-60.59, P=0.025), CA125(HR=17.45, 95%CI:5.54-54.89, P=0.001), CA72-4(HR=20.06, 95%CI:5.05-79.68, P=0.001), and NLR (HR=4.16, 95%CI:1.17-14.75, P=0.032) were independent risk factors of peritoneal metastasis in gastric cancer. In the nomogram, the highest score was 241, including diffuse or mixed Lauren classification (54 score), CA125 ≥ 35 kU/L (66 score), CA72-4 ≥ 10 kU/L (100 score), and NLR ≥ 2.37 (21 score), which represented a highest risk of peritoneal metastasis (more than 90%). The AUC of nomogram was 0.912, which was superior than any single variable (AUC of Lauren classification: 0.678; AUC of CA125: 0.720; AUC of CA72-4: 0.792; AUC of NLR: 0.613, all P=0.000). The total score of nomogram increased according to the TNM stage, and was highest in the peritoneal metastasis group (F=49.1, P=0.000). When the cut-off value calculated by ROC analysis was set at 140, the model could best balanced the sensitivity (0.79) and the specificity (0.87). Only 5% of patients had peritoneal metastasis when their nomogram scores were lower than 140, while 58% of patients had peritoneal metastasis when their scores were ≥ 140(χ=69.1, P=0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The risk evaluation model established with Lauren classification, CA125, CA72-4 and NLR can effectively predict the risk of peritoneal metastasis in gastric cancer, and provide the reference to preoperative staging and choice of therapeutic strategy.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate , Blood , Area Under Curve , CA-125 Antigen , Blood , CA-19-9 Antigen , Blood , Leukocyte Count , Logistic Models , Lymphocytes , Pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Diagnosis , Neutrophils , Pathology , Nomograms , Peritoneal Neoplasms , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Methods , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Stomach Neoplasms , Blood , Classification , Diagnosis , Pathology
13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 125-128, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303902

ABSTRACT

Postoperative complications after gastric cancer surgery has their own specificity and complexity, and the strategies for prevention and treatment should be of equal emphasis on both theory and technology. Based on the knowledge and familiarity with different postoperative complications, to efficiently prevent them, it is not only necessary to strengthen the training of acknowledged operative strategy, smooth and precise surgical techniques, but also to address the importance of overall preoperative assessment for patients, to treat the basic diseases, and to improve and correct their general conditions. Combining with the concept and basic protocol of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), it is preferred to work out an individualized perioperative preventing strategy for patients who have high risk factors of specific postoperative complications. After the operation, to guarantee intensive and individual managements for patients, to catch early abnormal signs, then to make early and precise diagnosis, and to do timely response and accurate treatments, including timely and proper re-operations, can improve the efficacy of complications and promote the recovery of patients as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Rehabilitation , Patient Care Planning , Reference Standards , Perioperative Care , Methods , Reference Standards , Postoperative Complications , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Reoperation , Reference Standards , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 144-147, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303898

ABSTRACT

The anastomotic complications following radical gastrectomy mainly include anastomotic leakage, anastomotic hemorrhage, and anastomotic stricture. Theanastomotic complications are not rare and remain the most common complications resulting in the perioperativedeath of patients with gastric cancer. Standardized training could let surgeons fully realize that strict selection of operative indications, thorough preoperative assessment and preparation, and refined operation in surgery are the essential measures to prevent the anastomotic complications following radical gastrectomy. In addition, identifying these complications timely and taking effective measures promptly according to the clinical context are the keys to treating these complications, reducing the treatment cycle, and decreasing the mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomosis, Surgical , Anastomotic Leak , Therapeutics , Constriction, Pathologic , Therapeutics , Gastrectomy , Methods , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Therapeutics , Postoperative Complications , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Preoperative Care , Methods , Reference Standards , Risk Assessment , Methods , Reference Standards , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 195-199, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303889

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the clinical value of the diagnostic laparoscopy in choosing treatment strategies for patients with gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Retrospective analysis was performed on clinical and pathological data collected from 2 023 patients undergoing gastric cancer surgery in the Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from 2009 to 2014. All the patients were diagnosed as gastric cancer by endoscopic biopsy and staged by imaging examination before surgery. During the diagnostic laparoscopy procedure, a small periumbilical incision was made and a pneumoperitoneum with COunder 10-15 mmHg was established through a port. A 10 mm trocar was put in, and the camera was inserted. Two 5 mm trocars were put in two ports which located in midclavicular line two fingers under the left and right costal margin and then the instruments were inserted. A thorough inspection included ascites, the abdominal cavity, liver, diaphragm, spleen, greater omentum, colon, small intestine, mesentery, adnexa (female) and pelvic floor. If the tumor located at the posterior part of the stomach, the gastrocolic ligament was opened in order to look for carcinomatosis in the omental bursa. The accuracy rate of diagnostic laparoscopy in diagnosing adjacent organ invasion and intra-abdominal metastasis was calculated, and the rate of adjusting treatment plans after diagnostic laparoscopy was also calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 52.7%(1 067/2 023) of patients underwent diagnostic laparoscopy. The accuracy rate of diagnostic laparoscopy in evaluating adjacent organ invasion and intra-abdominal metastasis were 98.3%(1 049/1 067) and 98.1%(1 047/1 067) respectively. Besides, 14 patients with stage T4b and 32 with intra-abdominal metastasis, which were missed by imaging examination, were diagnosed by diagnostic laparoscopy. The treatment plans of 9.3% (99/1 067) of patients were changed after diagnostic laparoscopy, and 65 (6.1%) cases of non-therapeutic laparotomy were avoided. However, 18 cases of adjacent organ invasion and 20 cases of intra-abdominal metastasis were still missed by diagnostic laparoscopy, and 12 cases received non-therapeutic laparotomy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Diagnostic laparoscopy has considerable value in assessing adjacent organ invasion and intra-abdominal metastasis and has great clinical significance in making precise treatment plans.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Abdominal Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Digestive System , Pathology , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Laparoscopes , Laparoscopy , Methods , Laparotomy , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Diagnostic Imaging , Patient Care Planning , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Surgical Instruments , Unnecessary Procedures
16.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 536-540, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497291

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the current status of anticoagulant therapy for in-hospital patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) at county hospitals of China and to explore the relationship between anticoagulant therapy and clinical outcomes in real medical environment. Methods: 99 county hospitals from15 provinces of China were selected for this prospective registry study and 12373 eligible ACS patients without interventional therapy admitted from 2011-09 to 2014-06 were enrolled. The basic condition, previous history, initial assessment, anticoagulants (unfractionated heparin/low molecular weight heparin) application, severe bleeding events and in-hospital mortality were collected in all patients. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to explore the relationship between anticoagulant therapy and clinical outcomes including in-hospital mortality, severe bleeding events and combined endpoints; meanwhile, possible confounders were adjusted. Results: A total of 9985/12373 ACS patients received anticoagulant therapy and 2388 did not. Anticoagulant therapy was conducted in 92.7% (4237/4570) patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), 90.8% (1639/1805) with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and 68.5% (4109/5998) with unstable angina (UA); there were differences by regions and genders,P0.05. Meanwhile, it did not increase the risk of severe bleeding events in ACS patients,P>0.05. Conclusion: Anticoagulant therapy has been widely used in STEMI and NSTEMI patients at county hospitals of China and obviously decreased the in-hospital mortality; while the application rate was relatively low in UA patients. The general safety of anticoagulant therapy has been good in ACS patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 19-26, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317652

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the current status of β-blocker (BB) use and heart rate control in Chinese patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) based on subgroup data of the prospective observational longitudinal registry of patients with stable coronary artery disease (CLARIFY).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The CLARIFY study is an international prospective observational registry of outpatients with SCAD. From November 2009 to July 2010, patients with SCAD were enrolled, and demographic information, clinical indicators, medication and blood flow reconstruction were collected. Patients were divided in three mutually exclusive categories by baseline pulse palpation heart rate(HR)≤60 beats per minute (bpm)(n=397), 61-69 bpm(n=782), and ≥70 bpm(n=1 443). The patients were also divided into taking BB or not taking BB groups. The aim of present study is to describe and analyze the current status and factors related to the HR control and BB use in the Chinese subgroup of CLARIFY.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 2 622 patients were enrolled from 56 centers across China. The mean age was (63.6±10.3) years old with 75.6% (1 983) male patients, 55.0% (1 443) patients had HR≥70 bpm. Mean HR measure by electrocardiogram(ECG) was (69.4±10.2)bpm, 50.9% (1 334 cases) patients had myocardial infarction(MI) history. A total of 21.9%(575 cases) patients had anginal symptoms; coronary angiography was performed in 88.8%(2 327 cases) of the patients. 76.2%(1 997 cases) patients were treated with BB (any molecule and any dose), 2.7% (70 cases) with digoxin or derivatives, 3.9% (103 cases) with verapamil or diltiazem, and 1.8% (47 cases) with amiodarone or dronedarone and 0.1%(2 cases) received ivabradine. BB use was similar among 3 HR groups(P>0.05). The independent risk factors associated with HR≥70 bpm were diabetes(OR=1.31), current smoker(OR=1.57), chronic heart failure(CHF) with NYHA Ⅲ (OR=2.13) and increased diastolic blood pressure (OR=1.30). Conversely, high physical activity (OR=0.61), former smoker (OR=0.76) and history of percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI, OR=0.80) were associated with lower risk of HR≥70 bpm (all P<0.05). The independent risk factors associated with non-BB use were older age (OR=1.11, 95%CI 1.01-1.47, P=0.005), lower diastolic blood pressure (OR=1.47, 95%CI 1.32-1.68, P=0.012), no history of MI (OR=1.86, 95%CI 1.43-2.44, P<0.001) or PCI (OR=1.94, 95%CI 1.55-3.73, P<0.001), asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR=1.32, 95%CI 1.15-1.99, P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>A total of 76.2% Chinese SCAD patients received BB medication but more than half of them did not reach the optimal HR. Clinical characteristics including diabetes, current smoker, CHF, increased diastolic blood pressure and no PCI were associated with poorly controlled HR(≥70 bpm). More efforts including adjusting the type and dose of heart rate lowering drugs are needed to achieve optimal HR control in Chinese SCAD patients. Clinical Trail Registry International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial, ISRCTN43070564.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists , Angina Pectoris , Benzazepines , Blood Pressure , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Electrocardiography , Heart Failure , Heart Rate , Myocardial Infarction , Outpatients , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Registries , Risk Factors
18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1282-1285, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303947

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy of targeted therapy combined with surgery in the treatment of recurrent and metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor(GIST).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathological and followed-up data of 318 patients with recurrent and metastatic GIST admitted in Zhongshan Hospital between January 2000 and December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. According to different treatment methods, the patients were divided into four groups: surgery group (operation alone, 44 cases), target therapy group (imatinib alone, 108 cases), target therapy combined with surgery group (imatinib plus operation, 139 cases), other therapy group (chemotherapy, Chinese medicine and others, 27 cases). The progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of four groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The baseline informations, such as age, gender, primary site, et al, were not significantly different (all P>0.05), but the recurrent and metastatic site was significantly different among 4 groups (P=0.000). The medial PFS of surgery group, target therapy group, target therapy combined with surgery was 16(95%CI: 4.9 to 27.0) months, 44 (95%CI: 30.9 to 57.1) months, 35 (95%CI: 26.5 to 43.5) months, respectively, and the latter 2 groups had significantly longer PFS than surgery group(P=0.000), while no significant difference was found between target therapy group and target combined with surgery group (P=0.251). The median OS of surgery group, target therapy group, target therapy combined with surgery, and other therapy group was 24 (95%CI: 9.0 to 39.0) months, 69(95%CI: 40.8 to 97.2) months, 92(95%CI: 78.0 to 106.0) months, 12(95%CI: 9.5 to 14.5) months. Target therapy group and target therapy combined with surgery group had significantly longer OS than surgery and other therapy groups (P=0.000), while the target therapy combined with surgery group had significantly longer OS than target therapy group(P=0.028).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Target therapy combined with surgery can prolong the survival of recurrent and metastatic GIST patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Benzamides , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Drug Therapy , Pathology , General Surgery , Imatinib Mesylate , Therapeutic Uses , Piperazines , Pyrimidines , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 957-961, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501515

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the gender disparity and influencing factors for in-hospital mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) at secondary hospitals in China. Methods: A total of 5525 in-hospital STEMI patients from 99 secondary hospitals of 15 provinces or autonomous regions between 2011-09 to 2014-06 were recruited including 1649 female and 3876 male. The in-hospital mortalities were compared between 2 genders and the relevant inlfuencing factors were studied by multiple Logistic regression analysis. Results: There were about 29.8% female and 70.2% male STEMI patients were studied. The in-hospital mortalities in female and male were 13.2% and 5.9%,P<0.01; gender disparity was obviously existing regardless of age, history of MI, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The mortality in female was higher than male even without diseases history and cardiovascular risk factors. Compared with male gender, female patients were usually having elder age and likely complicated with cardiovascular risk factors; they were with lower incidence to receive ECG, drug therapy and thrombolysis within 10 minutes of admission. With adjusted confounding factors, multiple regression analysis presented that female STEMI patients had the higher mortality than male (OR:1.7, 95% CI:1.4-2.0). Conclusion: The in-hospital mortality for STEMI patients was higher in female than male at secondary hospitals in China. Female patients were usually having elder age, complicated with more cardiovascular risk factors, while with less chances to receive ECG, drug therapy and thrombolysis within 10 minutes of admission.

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 19-21, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469273

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between clinicopathological features and lymph node metastasis (LNM) in early gastric cancer (EGC).Methods From January 2006 to June 2009,the clinical data of 473 patients with EGC were collected.The data of patients including gender,age,tumor size,tumor number,general classification,differentiation degree,invasion depth,ulcer in tumor,nerve invasion,and lymphatic tumor cell embolus were analyzed.Chi-square test was performed to analyze the correlation between clinicopathological features and LNM in EGC.Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factor of LNM in EGC.Results Among 473 patients with EGC,77 patients had LNM and the metastasis rate was 16.3%.The metastasis rate of the female patients (24.6%,41/167) was higher than that of the male (11.8 %,36/306).The metastasis rate of the tumors with maximum diameter over 2 cm (22.0%,39/177) was higher than that of the tumors less than 2 cm (12.8%,38/296).The metastasis rate of the elevated lesions (26.1%,6/23) was higher than that of flat and concave lesions (9.0 %,15/167;19.8%,56/283).The metastasis rate of poorly differentiated tumors was higher than moderate differentiated and high differentiated tumors (12.7 %,23/181; 7.1%,3/42).The metastasis rate of tumors invading into submucosa (22.9%,41/179) was higher than that of tumors invading into mucosa (12.2%,36/294).The metastasis rate of tumors with lymphatic embolus (40.7%,11/27) was higher than that of tumors without lymphatic embolus (14.8%,66/446) and the differences were statistically significant (x2 =12.960,6.873,10.704,7.382,9.277 and 12.572,all P<0.05).The results of multifactor analyzed by Logistic regression analysis revealed that female,maximum diameter over 2 cm,poorly differentiated type and invasion to submucosa were the independent risk factors of LNM in EGC (relative risk (RR)=2.53,2.14,1.63 and 2.39,all P<0.01).Conclusion Female,maximum diameter over 2 cm,poorly differentiated type and invasion to submucosa are the independent risk factors of LNM in EGC.

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