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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 193-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992588


The condition of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) complicated by corona virus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is complex. sTBI can significantly increase the probability of COVID-19 developing into severe or critical stage, while COVID-19 can also increase the surgical risk of sTBI and the severity of postoperative lung lesions. There are many contradictions in the treatment process, which brings difficulties to the clinical treatment of such patients. Up to now, there are few clinical studies and therapeutic norms relevant to sTBI complicated by COVID-19. In order to standardize the clinical treatment of such patients, Critical Care Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on clinical treatment of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by corona virus infection 2019 ( version 2023) based on the joint prevention and control mechanism scheme of the State Council and domestic and foreign literatures on sTBI and COVID-19 in the past 3 years of the international epidemic. Fifteen recommendations focused on emergency treatment, emergency surgery and comprehensive management were put forward to provide a guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sTBI complicated by COVID-19.

Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 418-421, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616002


Objective To compare the operative results of removing large olfactory groove meningiomas(diameter≥3 cm)using either a unilat?eral or bilateral subfrontal approach ,and to determine whether there is an advantage in the unilateral approach. Methods Sixty?nine cases of large olfactory groove meningioma,treated in our department,by either a unilateral or bilateral subfrontal approach microsurgery were retrospec?tively reviewed. Removal grading,post?operative complications,and other clinical indices were evaluated. Results Total resection(Simpson Ⅰ or Ⅱ)was achieved in all the cases. There were lesser complications with use of the unilateral subfrontal approach. Conclusion Patients with ol?factory groove meningioma have a good prognosis when a unilateral subfrontal approach is used for surgery.

Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 313-317, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486653


Objective To explore the correlation between the glucose variability and the severity of acute isolated traumatic brain injury(TBI). Method According to the inclusion/exclusion criteria,a total of 125 cases of acute isolated TBI admitted in Department of Neurosurgery of China Medical University from July 2012 to June 2015 were included. According to Glasgow coma scale(GSC),the patients were divided into five groups including control(GCS 15),mild(GCS 13?14),moderate(GCS 9?12),severe(GCS 6?8),and extra?severe(GCS 3?5)groups. Blood glucose control(including relief of the stress and the application of insulin)were carried out immediately. The average,standard deviation,and variation co?efficient of blood glucose of all groups were recorded at admission,48 hours and 3?7 days after hospitalization. The clinical records and glycemic in?dex were compared among different groups and during different periods,so as to analyze the relationship of the variability of glucose and the duration of hyperglycemia with the severity of TBI and the effects of glycemic intensive care management. Results The results of Kruskal Wallis test and Mann?Whitney Utest showed that the average,standard deviation,and variation coefficient of glucose in the extra?severe group and the severe group were statistically higher than those in the control group(P1). Conclusion The glucose variability in acute isolated TBI patients could be considered as the index of the severity of TBI.

Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 497-501, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494184


Objective To discuss the risk factors for coagulopathy in acute isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods A retrospective study was performed on 191 patients with acute isolated TBI hospitalized from July 2012 to June 2015.There were 70 patients with coagulopathy (coagulopathy group) and 121 patients without coagulopathy (control group).Age,gender,injury type,midline shift on CT and injury severity (Glasgow Coma Scale,GCS) were analyzed to identify the independent risk factors for coagulopathy using the logistic regression analysis.Correlation between the independent risk factors and coagulation indices was analyzed.Results Injury severity,acute subdural hematoma,intraventricular bleeding and midline shift on CT were identified as the independent risk factors for coagulopathy(P < 0.05,OR > 1).Furthermore,injury severity and acute subdural hematoma were respectively associated with abnormalities of international normalized ratio (INR) and fibrinogen (Fg) (P <0.05 or P < 0.01),intraventricular bleeding with abnormalities of prothrombin time (PT) and platelet count (PC) (P < 0.01),and midline shift on CT with abnormalities of Fg and PC (P < 0.05).Conclusions Injury severity,acute subdural hematoma,intraventricular bleeding and midline shift on CT are independent risk factors for coagulopathy in patients with acute isolated TBI,and correlate with abnormalities of several coagulation indices.Changes in coagulation indices should be monitored accurately after TBI,and timely treatment of coagulopathy can improve the prognosis.