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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 190-193, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of nephrogenic adenoma of the bladder.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 8 patients with bladder nephrogenic adenoma, during the period from July 2016 to June 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients’ age were 33 to 71 years old and the average age was 55, including 5 males and 3 females. The clinical manifestations were hematuria in 7 cases, urinary tract irritation in 6 cases, and no obvious symptoms in 1 case. There were 7 cases with cystitis, 3 cases with urolithiasis, 2 cases with bladder cancer, 1 case with invasive colonic mesentery fibroma, and 1 case without other complications. 5 cases had the history of urological operation. The predilection site was the lateral wall with 5cases; 5 cases were solitary; the average maximum diameter of the tumor was 0.9 cm (range 0.1-1.8 cm). Under cystoscope, papillary mass can be seen, the surface is bright red, the pedicle is not obvious, the papilla is thick and short, easy to bleed when touching; some of them are scattered and lichen like changes. All patients received transurethral resection of bladder mucosa.Results:Pathological examination shows that the bladder mucosa showed chronic inflammation, interstitial edema, granulation tissue hyperplasia, eosinophil infiltration and metaplasia of mesonephroid epithelium. All of the 8 patients were followed up by telephone for 2 to 38 months, with an average of 17.1 months. So far, neither recurrence has been detected.Conclusions:The diagnosis of nephrogenic adenoma of the bladder depends on pathological examination. It must be totally removed during operation. The recurrence and malignancy should be treated in time after operation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 495-499, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709551

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare split-cuff nipple and direct ureteroileal anastomosis during ureteroileal anastomosis.Methods Between December,2014 and March,2017,a prospective randomized study was conducted on 70 patients who underwent radical cystectomy and urinary diversion.In every patient,both ureters were randomized to be implanted using an antireflux,split-cuff nipple technique (group A) or a reflux,direct technique (group B).After pelvic lymph node dissection and radical cystectomy,a Mshape orthotopic ileal neobladder was constructed and two ureters were implanted with single-J tubes placed for 10-12 days.For split-cuff nipple technique,a 0.5 cm longitudinal incision in the ureter was made,and the ureteral wall was turned back on itself,construction a nipple.The cuff was stabilized at the corners with sutures.The ureter was then placed into the bowel with 0.5 cm nipple.The ureter was sutured to the full thickness of the bowel wall with interrupted 4-0 PDS.For direct technique,a 0.5 cm incision in the ureter was made,the full thickness of the ureter was sewn to the mucosa of the bowel.Results 70 patients were enrolled in the study,63 males and 7 females,(62.5 ± 10.4) years old.Over a median follow-up of 13.2 months,one patients had bilateral anastomosis stricture 3 months after operation,1 patient in group A had stricture 6 months after operation,2 patients in group B had stricture 6 and 12 months after operation,respectively.Six patients (8.6%) in group A found reflux compared with 21 patients (30.0%) in group B (P =0.004).The reflux pressure was (23.5 ± 9.0) cmH2O and (15.5 ± 4.9) cmH2O in group A and group B (P =0.042),respectively.The GFR of group A was (38.1 ± 7.6) ml/min compared with (38.6 ± 12.9) ml/min in group B at 12 months after operation.One patient in group A and four patients in group B had acute nephropyelitis.Four patients in group A had renal stones formation compared with 1 patients in group B.The time of anastomosis was (8.8 ± 3.5) minutes and (6.7 ± 1.5) minutes (P =0.037) for group A and group B,respectively.The patients in both groups had no urine leakage.Conclusion Compared with direct technique,split-cuff nipple technique had lower reflux rate,higher antireflux pressure and longer anastomosis time than direct technique.

3.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 16-21, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506708

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of qixiantang decoction on asthma model mice and to explore its mechanism of phosphatase gene ( PTEN)-up-regulation. Methods A total of 28 healthy female BALB/c mice were divided into 4 groups according to the random number table ( n=7 ): normal control group, model control group, qixiantang decoction group, and dexamethasone group. The mice were sensitized with ovalbumin ( OVA) for asthma model. Qixiantang decoction group was treated with drug after OVA sensitization. Hematoxylin-eosin ( H-E) staining was applied to observe the pulmonary inflammation in mice, and periodic acid Schiff ( PAS) staining was used to examine airway mucus secretion. ELISA was used to detect the concentration of serum IgE. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to examine IL-13 and IL-5 gene expression changes in lung tissues of mice. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of PTEN and SIRT1 protein in lung tissues. Results The lung tissue inflammatory infiltration and mucus secretion in model control group were higher than normal control group (P<0. 01), and that in the qixiantang decoction group. The level of serum IgE in model control group [(6. 67 ± 2. 59) pg·mL-1)] was significantly higher than normal control group [(0.27 ± 0.05) pg·mL-1, P <0.01] ,and that in the qixiantang decoction group [(3.52 ±1.44) pg·mL-1,P<0.05]. The expression of PTEN and SIRT1 in lung tissue of model control group were significantly lower than normal control group, and that of qixiantang decoction group. The expression of IL-5 and IL-13 mRNA of qixiantang decoction group was significantly lower (P<0. 05). Conclusion Qixiantang decoction could significantly ameliorate inflammation in asthmatic mice by regulate IgE、IL-5、IL-13 expression, and might up-regulate PTEN expression via SIRT1 signal.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1214-1220, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496558

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To explore the role of SHARPIN in regulation of Rip1 in castration-resistant prostate cancer LNCaP-AI cells.METHODS:The LNCaP-AI cells were treated with TNF-α+Z-VAD ( an inhibitor of pan-caspase) to activate necroptosis, which were compared to the cells treated with TNF-α+Z-VAD+Nec-1 ( an inhibitor of Rip1 ) .A blank group and a TNF-α-treated group were set up as controls.The cell viability in each group was measured by MTS as-say.In addition, SHARPIN was knocked down by siRNA, and the inhibitory efficiency was evaluated by RT-qPCR.The expression of Rip1 at mRNA and protein levels after knocking down SHARPIN was determined by RT-qPCR and Western blot to explore the underlying mechanism of regulatory network of necroptosis in prostate cancer.RESULTS: Compared with blank control group and TNF-α-treated group, the viability of LNCaP-AI cells treated with TNF-α+Z-VAD decreased by 28%(P LNCaP-AI cells.CONCLUSION:Necroptosis is an important way of cell death .Inhibition of oncogenic factor SHARPIN enhances necroptosis via activating Rip1 in LNCaP-AI cells.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474080

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM: To investigate the SALL4 expression, proliferation and apoptosis in the LNCaP cells after transfection of SALL4 siRNA.METHODS: The expression of SALL4 at mRNA and protein levels was detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting.MTS assay, colony formation assay and flow cytometry were used to determine the prolifer-ation, colony formation ability and apoptosis of the LNCaP cells.The effect of SALL4 on the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 was analyzed by Western blotting.RESULTS:Compared with negative control group, the expression of SALL4 at mRNA and protein levels in LNCaP cells was down-regulated by transfection of SALL4 siRNA ( P<0.05 ) .The proliferation rate and colony formation ability were decreased, while apoptosis rate increased in si-SALL4 group (P<0.05).Higher expres-sion of Bax and lower expression of Bcl-2 in si-SALL4 group were observed ( P<0.05 ) .CONCLUSION:Down-regula-tion of SALL4 by siRNA not only suppresses LNCaP cell proliferation and colony formation, but also inhibits Bcl-2 expres-sion and activates Bax expression to induce apoptosis.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 929-936, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253231

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) can facilitate the growth, migration, and invasion of the LNCaP prostate cancer cell lines, but the underlying molecular mechanisms have not yet been clearly defined. Here, we investigated whether PSMA serves as a novel regulator of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling by employing PSMA knockdown model and PI3K pharmacological inhibitor (LY294002) in LNCaP prostate cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PSMA knockdown had been stably established by transfecting with lentivirus-mediated siRNA in our previous study. Then, LNCaP cells were divided into interference, non-interference, and blank groups. We first testified the efficacy of PSMA knockdown in our LNCaP cell line. Then, we compared the expression of PSMA and total/activated Akt by Western blotting in the above three groups with or without LY294002 treatment. Furthermore, immunocytochemistry was performed to confirm the changes of activated Akt (p-Akt, Ser473) in groups. Besides, cell proliferation, migration, and cell cycle were measured by CCK-8 assay, Transwell analysis, and Flow cytometry respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After PSMA knockdown, the level of p-Akt (Ser473) but not of total-Akt (Akt1/2) was significantly decreased when compared with the non-interference and blank groups. However, LY294002 administration significantly reduced the expression of p-Akt (Ser473) in all the three groups. The results of immunocytochemistry further confirmed that PSMA knockdown or LY294002 treatment was associated with p-Akt (Ser473) down-regulation. Decrease of cell proliferation, migration, and survival were also observed upon PSMA knockdown and LY294002 treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Taken together, our results reveal that PI3K/Akt signaling pathway inhibition may serve as a novel molecular mechanism in LNCaP prostate cancer cells of PSMA knockdown and suggest that Akt (Ser473) may play a critical role as a downstream signaling target effector of PSMA in this cellular model.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, Surface , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Glutamate Carboxypeptidase II , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Therapeutics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , RNA Interference , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Physiology
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