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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904091

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although bone tissue engineering has already been applied clinically, its regeneration efficacy is not always sufficient. Local inflammatory cytokines are considered as the major factors that induce apoptosis of transplanted cells, thus leading to insufficient new bone formation. In this study, we focused on the effects of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) on differentiation and apoptosis of compact bone-derived cells (CBDCs). @*Methods@#CBDCs were obtained from mouse legs and cultured. The effects of TNF-α and/or IL-6 on the osteogenic differentiation and apoptosis of CBDCs were analyzed in vitro. To confirm the expression of local inflammatory cytokines in vivo, CBDCs were transplanted to the back of immunocompetent mice. @*Results@#IL-6 exerted inconsistent effects on the expression of the different osteogenic markers tested, while significantly upregulating Fas. By contrast, the addition of TNF-α dramatically reduced the expression of all tested osteogenic markers and increased Fas expression. The highest dose of IL-6 could partially reverse the repressive effect of TNF-α, while the addition of IL-6 further increased Fas expression in CBDCs compared to TNF-α alone. The results from in vivo experiments showed the presence of transplants with and without new bone formation. The transplants without bone formation were characterized by higher IL-6 and lower IL-10 expression than those with bone formation, while the expression of TNF-α did not show notable difference. @*Conclusion@#The results of this study suggest an important role for IL-6 in modulating the efficacy of bone tissue engineering, which can affect osteogenic cells both positively and negatively.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896387

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although bone tissue engineering has already been applied clinically, its regeneration efficacy is not always sufficient. Local inflammatory cytokines are considered as the major factors that induce apoptosis of transplanted cells, thus leading to insufficient new bone formation. In this study, we focused on the effects of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) on differentiation and apoptosis of compact bone-derived cells (CBDCs). @*Methods@#CBDCs were obtained from mouse legs and cultured. The effects of TNF-α and/or IL-6 on the osteogenic differentiation and apoptosis of CBDCs were analyzed in vitro. To confirm the expression of local inflammatory cytokines in vivo, CBDCs were transplanted to the back of immunocompetent mice. @*Results@#IL-6 exerted inconsistent effects on the expression of the different osteogenic markers tested, while significantly upregulating Fas. By contrast, the addition of TNF-α dramatically reduced the expression of all tested osteogenic markers and increased Fas expression. The highest dose of IL-6 could partially reverse the repressive effect of TNF-α, while the addition of IL-6 further increased Fas expression in CBDCs compared to TNF-α alone. The results from in vivo experiments showed the presence of transplants with and without new bone formation. The transplants without bone formation were characterized by higher IL-6 and lower IL-10 expression than those with bone formation, while the expression of TNF-α did not show notable difference. @*Conclusion@#The results of this study suggest an important role for IL-6 in modulating the efficacy of bone tissue engineering, which can affect osteogenic cells both positively and negatively.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799594

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate comprehensive health status of 31 provinces in China and compare with other countries (regions).@*Methods@#Social-demographic index, life expectancy and healthy life expectancy in 134 countries (regions) and 31 provinces in China were collected from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. K-means clustering method was used to classify comprehensive health status of various countries (regions) in the world. HemI 1.0.3 software was applied to draw distribution heat maps of social-demographic index, life expectancy and healthy life expectancy in different provinces of Mainland China. Discriminant analysis was used to evaluate comprehensive health status of different provinces in Mainland China.@*Results@#Comprehensive health status of 134 countries (regions) was grouped into category 1-8 from good to poor, and Mainland China was in the category 4. The comprehensive health status of provinces in Mainland China is better in the east coast and poorer in the west inland, among which Shanghai and Beijing were grouped into the category 1, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Guangdong and Tianjin into the category 2, Fujian, Liaoning and Shandong into the category 3, Yunnan, Guangxi, Xinjiang and Guizhou into the category 5, Qinghai and Tibet into the category 6, and the rest 16 provinces into the category 4.@*Conclusion@#Comprehensive health status of Mainland China ranked middle to upper level in the world, and health status disparities were observed among different provinces in Mainland China.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2987-2992, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare the protective effects of different effective components of Astragali radix against DNA damage of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs)induced by ionizing radiation. METHODS :2 Gy X-rays were used to directly irradiate BMSCs to establish a radiation model. CCK- 8 method was used to detect the effects of different mass concentrations(25,50,75,100 μg/mL)of astragalus polysaccharide ,astragalus saponin and astragalus flavonoids for 1 day before radiation + 1 to 5 days after radiation on the proliferation of BMSCs. The dose concentration and the duration of intervention after radiation were selected. The irradiated BMSCs were divided into radiation group ,astragalus polysaccharide group ,astragalus saponin group and astragalus flavonoids group. The last three groups were treated with appropriate dosage of corresponding drugs before and 2 days after radiation ,and a blank groupwas set for comparison. Cytoplasmic division arrest qq.com micronucleus method was used to detect micronucleus cell rate and cell micronucleus rate after appropriate time of was used to detect th e number of 53BP1 foci in cells after appropriare time of intervention following radiation ;the number of 53BP1 foci were compared among different time points (0.5,2,12,24 h). RESULTS :Compared with blank group ,OD values of BMSCs were decreased significantly in radiation group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with radiation group ,the OD values of BMSCs were significantly increased when 50 μ g/mL astragalus polysaccharide,astragalus saponin and astragalus flavonoids continuously intervened radiation for 2-3 days,there was significant difference in other groups at some time point (P<0.05 or P< 0.01). After consideration ,drug concentration was determined to be 50 μg/mL,and the continuous intervention time was 2 days after radiation. Compared with blank group ,the micronucleus cell rate and cell micronucleus rate of radiation group ,astragalus polysaccharide group ,astragalus saponin group and astragalus flavonoids group increased significantly ,and the number of 53BP1 focus cluster in radiation group and astragalus polysaccharide group increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with radiation group and astragalus flavonoids group ,the micronucleus cell rate ,cell micronucleus rate and the number of 53BP1 focus cluster (continued intervention for 0.5,2,12 h)in the astragalus polysaccharide group and astragalus saponin group were significantly reduced,and the micronucleus cell rate and cell micronucleus rate in the astragalus polysaccharide group were significantly lower than astragalus saponin group (P<0.05). 53BP1 focus cluster could not be detected 24 h later (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS : Astragalus polysaccharide and astragalus saponin both have protective effects on BMSCs DNA damage induced by radiation ,and the protective effect of astragalus polysaccharide is better than that of astragalus saponin ;astragalus flavonoids has no protective effect on radiation-induced DNA damage.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 387-388, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869660

ABSTRACT

Prostate biopsy is the gold standard for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Currently, both conventional transrectal and transperineal prostatic puncture is guided by rectal ultrasound, but it cannot be performed in patients with abdominoperineal resection. We treated one suspected prostate cancer patient with abdominoperineal resection and successfully performed transperineal ultrasound-guided transperineal prostate biopsy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1051-1056, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800786

ABSTRACT

Most patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) have a history of craniocerebral trauma. Avulsion of intracranial pontine vein is the main pathogenesis after craniocerebral injury. CSDH drilling and drainage is the most widely used surgical method, with low recurrence and mortality rate. However, the postoperative complication of subdural pyometra is extremely rare, which leads to high mortality and disability rate and thus representing a very challenging disease in trauma surgery. Old age, diabetes mellitus, drainage with foreign body, craniocerebral surgery, open wound, chronic systemic infectious diseases (sinusitis, otitis media, abdominal abscess, lung infection, urinary tract infection), tumor or immune deficiency diseases are all the high risk factors. This paper reviews the pathogenesis, pathogenic bacteria, clinical manifestations, auxiliary examination, treatment and prognosis of subdural empyema after CSDH drilling and drainage in recent years, and provides suggestions for clinical management.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752008

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression level and correlation of β-catenin and neural cell adhesion molecule(NCAM) in thyroid carcinoma.Methods In this study,the expression levels of NCAM and β-catenin in thyroid carcinoma tissues (n=62) and thyroid adenoma tissues (n=44) collected from patients treated in Wenzhou Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang Chinese Medical University from Dec.2012 to Dec.2017 were detected by immunohistochemical staining,then its correlation with clinicopathological features was analyzed.Results The positive expression rate of NCAM in thyroid carcinoma tissues was significantly lower than that in thyroid adenoma tissues (12.90% vs 90.91%,t=63.203,P=0.000).The positive expression rate of β-catenin protein in thyroid carcinoma tissues was significantly higher than that in thyroid adenoma tissues (82.26% vs 6.82%,t=58.608,P=0.000).NCAM and β-catenin were negatively correlated in thyroid carcinoma tissues (r=-0.220,P=0.024).The difference of NCAM expression level was not significant among thyroid carcinoma patients with different gender,age,tumor diameter,histological type or pathological stage (t=1.960,0.054,3.335,0.807,0.218;P=0.162,0.816,0.069,0.848,0.641).The expression of NCAM in cancer tissues was significantly different in patients with different lymph node metastasis (t=8.373,P=0.004).The expression of β-catenin in cancer tissues was not significant in thyroid carcinoma patients with different gender,histological type,tumor diameter,age,lymph node metastasis or pathological stage (t=0.258,2.307,0.424,0.741,2.570,0.126;P=0.612,0.511,0.515,0.389,0.109,0.722).Conclusions In thyroid carcinoma patients,NCAM is down-regulated,and β-catenin is highly expressed.Moreover,the two indicators are negatively correlated.Additionally,NCAM expression is correlated with lymph node metastasis in thyroid carcinoma patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1051-1056, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824387

ABSTRACT

Most patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) have a history of craniocerebral trauma.Avulsion of intracranial pontine vein is the main pathogenesis after craniocerebral injury.CSDH drilling and drainage is the most widely used surgical method,with low recurrence and mortality rate.However,the postoperative complication of subdural pyometra is extremely rare,which leads to high mortality and disability rate and thus representing a very challenging disease in trauma surgery.Old age,diabetes mellitus,drainage with foreign body,craniocerebral surgery,open wound,chronic systemic infectious diseases (sinusitis,otitis media,abdominal abscess,lung infection,urinary tract infection),tumor or immune deficiency diseases are all the high risk factors.This paper reviews the pathogenesis,pathogenic bacteria,clinical manifestations,auxiliary examination,treatment and prognosis of subdural empyema after CSDH drilling and drainage in recent years,and provides suggestions for clinical management.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618928

ABSTRACT

Objecive To design and develop a simulated maritime rescue training platform to emulate different sea conditions and carry out maritime rescue training.Methods Corresponding computer program was used to control a 3 degreeof-freedom electric platform,and the rolling,pitching and heaving of the ambulance boat were simulated by setting vibration frequency and displacement.An operating training room was set up and equipped with necessary emergency devices.Results By changing the frequency and displacement of the training platform,the operating environment in the ambulance boat was simulated under the second to fifth grades of sea conditions to execute the training for antivertigo,fine operation and nursing.Conclusion The platform facilitates the medical staff to be familiar with maritime environment,master treatment techniques at different sea conditions and enhance support efficiency.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618008

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of quality control circle (QCC) on reducing the incidence of complications in the patients with peritoneal dialysis (PD). Methods Eighty-nine patients who underwent peritoneal dialysis after discharge were divided into QCC group (45 cases) and control group (44 cases) according to random sampling method. Both groups were followed up regularly, QCC activity was applied in patients of the QCC group on the basis of the QCC activity procedure. The intervention time was 1 year. The blood pressure, standard rate of urea clearance index, peritonitis incidence, catheter drift rate, infection incidences of external orifice of catheter, admission rate of complications and peritoneal dialysis withdrawal incidence between 2 groups were compared. Results After interference, the systolic and diastolic blood pressure in QCC group were significantly lower than those in control group:(124.11 ± 13.07) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. (132.68 ± 12.09) mmHg and (72.13 ± 10.51) mmHg vs. (78.91 ± 11.79) mmHg, and there were statistical differences (P0.05). The Spearman correlation analysis result showed that peritonitis was negatively correlated with education level (r = -0.28, P < 0.05), and standard rate of urea clearance index was positively correlated with education level (r = 0.21, P < 0.05). Conclusions The QCC management model can reduce the incidence of complications in patients with peritoneal dialysis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1194-1203, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310548

ABSTRACT

To reveal the innate immunity of mast cells against recombinant VP1-VP4 protein of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), mouse peritoneal mast cells (PMCs) were pulsed with recombinant VP1-VP4 protein. The supernatants harvested from PMCs cultures were applied to the high throughput ELISA array. Our results show that the expression levels of CCL19, L-selectin, CCL17, and TNF alpha released from PMCs pulsed with recombinant VP1-VP4 were significantly down-regulated compared with PMCs alone (P<0.001). Surprisingly, in comparison with PMCs alone, the expression levels of CCL19, IL-15, IL-9, G-CSF, and Galectin-1 in PMCs with the mannose receptor (MR) inhibitor were significantly up-regulated (Plt;0.01), and the expression level of IL-10 was also remarkably up-regulated (Plt;0.05). Importantly, the protein expression levels in PMCs treated with MR inhibitor were higher than PMCs pulsed with VP1-VP4, including IL-10, IL-17, CCL20, IL-15, IL-9, L-selectin, CCL17, TNF alpha, and CCL19 (Plt;0.01) as well as CCL21, and G-CSF (Plt;0.05). Differential expression analysis in bioinformatics shows that both L-selectin and CCL17 were recognized as differentially expressed protein molecules (Log2(ratio)≤-1) when compared with PMCs alone. Furthermore, the up-regulation of the expression levels of CCL20, CCL19, L-selectin, and IL-15 in PMCs treated with MR inhibitor was defined as differential expression (Log2(ratio)≥1). These data indicate that PMCs are capable of secreting CCL19, L-selectin, CCL17, and TNF alpha spontaneously and the recombinant VP1-VP4 has an inhibitive potential to PMCs during their performance of innate immune response. Given the protein expression levels from PMCs pre-treated with MR inhibitor were significantly increased, it can be deduced that immunosuppression of FMDV is presumably initiated by the VP1 recognition of MR on mast cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsid Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Cells, Cultured , Cytokines , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Foot-and-Mouth Disease , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus , Interleukins , Allergy and Immunology , Mast Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Proteome , Allergy and Immunology , Recombinant Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Viral Structural Proteins , Allergy and Immunology
12.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1214-1220, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496558

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To explore the role of SHARPIN in regulation of Rip1 in castration-resistant prostate cancer LNCaP-AI cells.METHODS:The LNCaP-AI cells were treated with TNF-α+Z-VAD ( an inhibitor of pan-caspase) to activate necroptosis, which were compared to the cells treated with TNF-α+Z-VAD+Nec-1 ( an inhibitor of Rip1 ) .A blank group and a TNF-α-treated group were set up as controls.The cell viability in each group was measured by MTS as-say.In addition, SHARPIN was knocked down by siRNA, and the inhibitory efficiency was evaluated by RT-qPCR.The expression of Rip1 at mRNA and protein levels after knocking down SHARPIN was determined by RT-qPCR and Western blot to explore the underlying mechanism of regulatory network of necroptosis in prostate cancer.RESULTS: Compared with blank control group and TNF-α-treated group, the viability of LNCaP-AI cells treated with TNF-α+Z-VAD decreased by 28%(P LNCaP-AI cells.CONCLUSION:Necroptosis is an important way of cell death .Inhibition of oncogenic factor SHARPIN enhances necroptosis via activating Rip1 in LNCaP-AI cells.

13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3788-3789,3792, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605598

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the levels of retinol binding protein(RBP)and adiponectin during the second trimester in the serum of women in normal pregnancy and women who subsequently develop gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM )and to evaluate their role in predicting GDM .Methods A case‐control study was performed to detect and compare the levels of RBP and adiponec‐tin between women who subsequently develop GDM (n= 88)and normal control from 16 to 20 pregnancy weeks (n= 88) . Results Maternal serum RBP levels and the RBP/adiponectin ratio were significantly higher in GDM women than that in normal controls(P<0 .01) .The levels of maternal serum adiponectin were significantly lower in GDM women than that in normal controls (P<0 .01) .The levels of RBP≥30 .45 mg/L ,adiponectin≤9 .93 mg/L and the ratio of RBP/adiponetin≥3 .18 as early markers for predicating development of GDM ,their sensitivities were 63 .6% ,80 .7% and 81 .8% ,and specificities were 75 .0% ,65 .1% and 79 .7% ,respectively .Conclusion The combination of RBP and adiponetin as early marker for predicating development of GDM from 16 to 20 pregnancy weeks was more valuable than single use of them .

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360259

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy difference in the treatment of senile insomnia among western, medication, acupuncture and the integrated therapy of acupuncture and western medication.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-eight patients of senile insomnia were randomized into a western medication group (30 cases), an acupuncture group (35 cases) and an integrated acupuncture and medication group (35 cases). In the western medication group, estazolam 1mg was prescribed, taken 30 min before going to bed, oryzanol 20 mg, oral administration, three times a day, for 4 weeks totally. In the acupuncture group, the simple acupuncture therapy was applied at Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Anmian (Extra), Baihui (GV 20) and Sishencong (EX-HN 1), as well as the supplementary points selected according to the differentiation. The acupuncture treatment was given once a day, 5 treatments a week, for 4 weeks totally. In the integrated acupuncture and medication group, the western medication was combined with acupuncture. The dosage and usage of western medication were same as those in the western medication group; and acupoints in acupuncture treatment were same as those in the acupuncture group. The treatment lasted for 4 weeks in the three groups. Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and clinical efficacy were observed before treatment, after 4 weeks' treatment and in 4 weeks after discontinuity of treatment in the three groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Four weeks after treatment, the clinical curative rates were 3. 3% (1/30), 21. 2% (7/33) and 25. 7% (9/35) in the western medication group, the acupuncture group and the integrated acupuncture and medicines group separately. The total effective rates were 70. 0%(21/30), 93. 9%(31/33) and 97. 1%(34/35) in the three groups separately. The curative rates and the total effective rates in the integrated acupuncture and medication group and the acupuncture group were higher than those in the western medication group separately (all, P<0. 01). PSQI scores after 4 Weeks' treatment were all improved as compared with those before treatment in the three groups (all P<0. 05). PSQI score in either the integrated acupuncture and medication group or the acupuncture group was lower than that in the western medication group, indicating the significant difference (both P< 0. 05). Four weeks after discontinuity of treatment, the efficacy was stable in the acupuncture group and the integrated acupuncture and medication group. PSQI score did not change as compared with that in the 4th week of treatment. The score in the western medication group ran back, close to that before treatment (P>0. 05). During the treatment, a few patients had dry mouth in the western medication group. The adverse reactions were not discovered in the other two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The integrated therapy of acupuncture and medication achieves the quick efficacy on senile insomnia and rapidly relieves the symptoms, with quite high clinical curative rate and total effective rate obtained. The long-term efficacy is better than that of western medication. The integrated therapy is the first option among the three therapeutic programs.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Administration, Oral , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Combined Modality Therapy , Estazolam , Female , Humans , Male , Phenylpropionates , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474080

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM: To investigate the SALL4 expression, proliferation and apoptosis in the LNCaP cells after transfection of SALL4 siRNA.METHODS: The expression of SALL4 at mRNA and protein levels was detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting.MTS assay, colony formation assay and flow cytometry were used to determine the prolifer-ation, colony formation ability and apoptosis of the LNCaP cells.The effect of SALL4 on the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 was analyzed by Western blotting.RESULTS:Compared with negative control group, the expression of SALL4 at mRNA and protein levels in LNCaP cells was down-regulated by transfection of SALL4 siRNA ( P<0.05 ) .The proliferation rate and colony formation ability were decreased, while apoptosis rate increased in si-SALL4 group (P<0.05).Higher expres-sion of Bax and lower expression of Bcl-2 in si-SALL4 group were observed ( P<0.05 ) .CONCLUSION:Down-regula-tion of SALL4 by siRNA not only suppresses LNCaP cell proliferation and colony formation, but also inhibits Bcl-2 expres-sion and activates Bax expression to induce apoptosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480300

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the alexithymia in the continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients in our peritoneal dialysis center,and determine the factors affecting alexithymia in CPAD patients.Methods The patients with end-stage renal disease treated by CAPD were divided into alexithymia group (total score≥61)and non-alexithymia group(total score≤51),according to the Toronto Alexithymia Scale(TAS-20).Risk factors for alexithymia were analyzed by Logistic regression statistical model.Results (1)The TAS-20 score was(55.8±9.2) in 86 cases of patients with CAPD.Among them,TAS-20 scores of 38 cases were ≥61 points with an average score (64.5 ±4.4),and the scores of 30 cases were ≤ 51 points with an average score (48.9±5.3),which had a significant difference(t=10.1,P<0.01).(2) There were significant differences in the pay-way and the residual urine volume between the two groups(P<0.01).There were significant correlations of alexithymia with the pay-way and the residual urine volume(P<0.01).(3) The level of serum albumin was significantly lower in alexithymia groups than that in non-alexithymia(P<0.01).The level of serum calcium,phosphorus and parathormone were significantly higher in alexithymia group than that in non-alexithymia group(P<0.05).There were significant negative correlations of alexithymia with the level of serum albumin(P<0.01) and positive correlations of alexithymia with the level of serum calcium,phosphorus and parathormone(P<0.05).(4) There were significant differences score in SF-36 total score,Physical Function,Bodily Pain,General Health,Vitality,Social Function,Role-Emotional and Mental Health (P< 0.01);There were significant negative correlations of alexithymia with SF-36,Physical Function,Bodily Pain,General Health,Vitality,Social Function,Role-Emotional and Mental Health (P< 0.05).(5) The Kt/v was 1.65±0.47 in alexithymia group and 2.13±0.69 in non-alexithymia group.There were significant differences in the two groups(t=2.5,P=0.017).There were significant negative correlations of alexithymia with Kt/v(r=-0.417,P=0.007)by Pearson correlation analysis.Logistic regression analysis showed that the level of serun albumin,SF-36 scores,residual urine volume,the pay-way and Kt/v were the risk factors for alexithymia.Conclusion The incidence rate of alexithymia is higher.The level of serum albumin,SF-36 scores,residual urine volume,the pay-way and Kt/v are the risk factors for alexithymia.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2483-2485, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500916

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of Shenfu injection combined with Danshen chuanxiongqin injection in the treatment of chronic pulmonary heart disease patients with heart failure. METHODS:Totally 100 chronic pulmonary heart disease patients with heart failure were randomly divided into observation group and control group. Patients in control group were given routine treatment,including antispasmodic asthma,low-flow oxygen therapy,anti-inflammatory,diuretic strong heart, maintaining the body water,electrolyte balance,vasoactive drugs and dopamine,etc. Patients in observation group were given Shenfu injection 50 ml and Danshen chuanxiongqin injection 10 ml adding into 5% glucose injection 250 ml based on the treatment of control group,iv,once a day. The course of both was 14 d. The clinical data was observed,including clinical efficacy,improve-ment time of signs and symptoms,p(O2),p(CO2),SV,LVEF,LVEDD,LVSD and the incidence of adverse reactions before and after treatment. RESULTS:The total effective rate in observation group was significantly higher than control group,the remission time of cyanosis,slowing time of heart rate and subsided time of swelling were significantly shorter than control group,with signif-icant differences(P<0.05). After treatment,the p(O2),p(CO2),SV,LVEF,LVEDD and LVSD in 2 groups were significantly bet-ter than before,and observation group was better than control group,with significant differences(P<0.05). There were no obvious adverse reactions during treatment. CONCLUSIONS:Based on the treatment,Shenfu injection combined with Danshen chuanxion-gqin injection has better clinical efficacy than routine treatment in the treatment of chronic pulmonary heart disease patients with heart failure,with similar safety.

18.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2015; 28 (5 Supp.): 1881-1886
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-174933

ABSTRACT

Bio-augmentation is a promising technique for remediation of polluted soils. This study aimed to evaluate the So-augmentation effect of Rhodobacter sphaeroides biofertilizer [RBF] on the bioremediation of total petroleum hydrocarbons [TPH] contaminated soil. A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted over a period of 120 days, three methods for enhancing bio-augmentation were tested on TPH contaminated soils, including single addition RBF, pianting, and combining of RBF and three crop species, such as wheat [W], cabbage [C] and spinach [S], respectively. The results demonstrated that the best removal of TPH from contaminated soil in the RBF bio-augmentation rhizosphere SOds was found to be 46.2%, 65.4%, 67.5% for W+RBF, C+RBF, S+RBF rhizosphere soils respectively. RBF supply impacted on the microbial community diversity [phospholipid fatty acids, PLFA] and the activity of soil enzymes, such dehydrogenase [DH], alkaline phosphatase [AP] and urease [UR]. There were significant difference among the soil only containing crude oil [CK], W, C and S rhizosphere soils and RBF bio-augmentation soils. Moreover, the changes lh ere significantly distinct depended on crops species. It was concluded that the RBF is a valuable material for improving effect of remediation of TPH polluted soils

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 856-860, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261614

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship of the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on admission and angiographic no-reflow phenomenon in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who had undergone primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods 232 patients who had undergone PCI between 2010 and 2013,were included and divided into two groups based upon the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow gradings.No-reflow was defined as post-PCI TIMI Grade 0,1 and 2 flows (group Ⅰ).Normal-flow was defined as TIMI 3 flow (group Ⅱ).Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was used to identify the predictive effect of NLR on no-reflow phenomenon.Relationship of NLR and no-reflow was assessed by multivariate logistic regression.All statistical calculations and analyses were performed using SPSS 11.0.Results NLR was significantly higher in group Ⅰ (n=45) compared with group Ⅱ (n=187) [4.1 (2.4-6.5) vs.2.4 (1.7-3.8),P=0.001].In ROC analysis,NLR>3.2 predicted no reflow with 80% sensitivity and 73% specificity.Patients with elevated NLR had a higher incidence of no-reflow phenomenon than those with non-elevated NLR (34.8% vs.9.3%,P<0.001).Also,NLR (>3.2) was an independent predictor of no-reflow development [odds ratio 3.70,95% confidence interval (1.39-9.80),P=0.009].Conclusion NLR was an independent predicator for no-reflow development in STEMI patients who had undergone PCI.This simple and low-cost parameter could provide useful information for the early risk evaluation on these patients.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 929-936, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253231

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) can facilitate the growth, migration, and invasion of the LNCaP prostate cancer cell lines, but the underlying molecular mechanisms have not yet been clearly defined. Here, we investigated whether PSMA serves as a novel regulator of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling by employing PSMA knockdown model and PI3K pharmacological inhibitor (LY294002) in LNCaP prostate cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PSMA knockdown had been stably established by transfecting with lentivirus-mediated siRNA in our previous study. Then, LNCaP cells were divided into interference, non-interference, and blank groups. We first testified the efficacy of PSMA knockdown in our LNCaP cell line. Then, we compared the expression of PSMA and total/activated Akt by Western blotting in the above three groups with or without LY294002 treatment. Furthermore, immunocytochemistry was performed to confirm the changes of activated Akt (p-Akt, Ser473) in groups. Besides, cell proliferation, migration, and cell cycle were measured by CCK-8 assay, Transwell analysis, and Flow cytometry respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After PSMA knockdown, the level of p-Akt (Ser473) but not of total-Akt (Akt1/2) was significantly decreased when compared with the non-interference and blank groups. However, LY294002 administration significantly reduced the expression of p-Akt (Ser473) in all the three groups. The results of immunocytochemistry further confirmed that PSMA knockdown or LY294002 treatment was associated with p-Akt (Ser473) down-regulation. Decrease of cell proliferation, migration, and survival were also observed upon PSMA knockdown and LY294002 treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Taken together, our results reveal that PI3K/Akt signaling pathway inhibition may serve as a novel molecular mechanism in LNCaP prostate cancer cells of PSMA knockdown and suggest that Akt (Ser473) may play a critical role as a downstream signaling target effector of PSMA in this cellular model.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, Surface , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Glutamate Carboxypeptidase II , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Therapeutics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , RNA Interference , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Physiology
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