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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the mRNA level of cell proliferation-related genes Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2 and TGF-β3 in placenta mesenchymal stem cells (PA-MSCs), umbilical cord mensenchymals (UC-MSCs) and dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells (DP-MSCs).@*METHODS@#The morphology of various passages of PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs were observed by microscopy. Proliferation and promoting ability of the three cell lines were detected with the MTT method. Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) was used to determine the mRNA levels of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2, TGF-β3.@*RESULTS@#The morphology of UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs was different from that of PA-MSCs. Proliferation ability and promoting ability of the PA-MSCs was superior to that of UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs. In PA-MSCs, expression level of Twist1 and TGF-β3 was the highest and FGF2 was the lowest. SIRT1 was highly expressed in UC-MSCs. With the cell subcultured, different expression levels of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2, TGF-β3 was observed in PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#Up-regulated expression of the Twist1, SIRT1 and TGF-β3 genes can promote proliferation of PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs, whilst TGF-β3 may inhibit these. The regulatory effect of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2 and TGF-β3 genes on PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs are different.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Dental Pulp/cytology , Female , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/genetics , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Placenta/cytology , Pregnancy , Sirtuin 1/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta3/genetics , Twist-Related Protein 1/genetics , Umbilical Cord/cytology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247655

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the biological characteristics and genetic features of human placenta mesenchymal stem cells (hPA-MSCs) cultured in vitro in order to assess its safety for clinical use.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The shapes of the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 10th, 13th, 17th and 20th generation hPA-MSCs cultured in vitro using serum-free culture medium were observed. Their cell cycle, cell surface markers, and karyotype were analyzed, and relevant genes and cytokines were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The shape of hPA-MSCs has remained as fusiform or short fusiform, and there was no significant change. About 93% of hPA-MSCs cells were in G0/G1 phase and remained stable. No obvious chromosomal translocation, loss or inversion was noted by karyotyping analysis. Cytokines expression level remained stable. Related gene expression level as a whole was on the decline, but the gene expression level of the first five generations showed very slight variations, with genetic characteristics remaining stable.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The hPA-MSCs cultured in vitro with serum-free medium has retained stable in the first five generations.</p>


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Cytokines , Female , Humans , Karyotyping , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Physiology , Placenta , Cell Biology , Pregnancy
3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 102-105, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290633

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical value of 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) in the evaluation of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation for primary liver cancer. Routine magnetic resonance sequences, contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and respiratory-triggered single voxel point resolved spectroscopy sequence (PRESS) were performed on 24 patients with primary liver cancer before and after HIFU ablation. A respiratory-triggered axial T2 weighted imaging (T2WI) was used as localizer for PRESS. Spectroscopy data was transmitted to a personal computer and was post-processed with a custom software (Saker, provided by Ning Jing, an engineer in GE Healthcare). It would be considered "technical success" if the baselines of spectra were stable and main metabolites were without overlapping and could be identified. Integral areas of choline (Cho) peak at 3.2 parts per million (ppm) and lipid (Lip) peak at 1.3 ppm were measured, and the choline to lipid (Cho/Lip) ratios were calculated. The differences of areas of Cho, Lip peak and Cho/Lip ratios before and after HIFU ablation were compared by using paired samples t test, and a P value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The technical success rate of 1H-MRS was 87.50% (42/48). Integral areas of Cho peak and Lip peak of 20 patients with satisfied spectra were measured, and the Cho/Lip ratios were calculated. The Integral area of Cho peak decreased from 34 597+/-6 802 before HIFU ablation to 6 372+/-2 466 after HIFU ablation (t = 18.02, P less than 0.01). The Integral area of Lip peak increased from 147 948+/-16 317 before HIFU ablation to 149 069+/-16 345 after HIFU ablation (t = -15.11, P less than 0.01). The Cho/Lip ratio decreased from 0.23+/-0.03 before HIFU ablation to 0.04+/-0.02 after HIFU ablation (t = 25.32, P less than 0.01). 1H-MRS could provide information of metabolites changes of primary liver cancer after HIFU ablation and could be used as a complementary sequence to other magnetic resonance sequences to evaluate all around primary liver cancer after HIFU ablation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 569-572, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243141

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>to evaluate the corrosion resistance of a new titanium alloy for dental restoration in artificial saliva.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>in simulated oral environment, the electrochemical behavior of a new titanium alloy (Ti-12.5Zr-3Nb-2.5Sn) for dental restoration based on the d-electron alloy design method with high elastic modulus, high mechanical and good biological safety properties was investigated together with that of Ti-6Al-4V and TA2 as control groups. The anodic polarization curve and polarization resistance of these alloys were analyzed and the element release of Ti-12.5Zr-3Nb-2.5Sn and Ti-6Al-4V alloy after immersion in artificial saliva for 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 15 d were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>polarization curve indicated that Ti-6Al-4V alloy had lower breakdown potential (0.8 V) than Ti-12.5Zr-3Nb-2.5Sn alloy did (> 2.5 V). Ti-6Al-4V alloy showed higher passivation current density (1.45 × 10(-4) - 1.09 × 10(-3) A/cm(2)) than Ti-12.5Zr-3Nb-2.5Sn alloy (3.32 × 10(-6) - 3.46 × 10(-5) A/cm(2)) and TA2(5.03 × 10(-6) - 2.65 × 10(-5) A/cm(2)) did. Polarization resistance results showed that polarization resistance volume of TA2, Ti-12.5Zr-3Nb-2.5Sn alloy and Ti-6Al-4V alloy were 371.0, 252.0, and 60.1 kΩ×cm(2) respectively. With the increasing of dipping time in artificial saliva, the ion release of Ti-12.5Zr-3Nb-2.5Sn alloy and Ti-6Al-4V alloy increased to different degrees. Ti-6Al-4V alloy always showed more ion release than Ti-12.5Zr-3Nb-2.5Sn alloy did in the experiment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>data from this study indicated that Ti-12.5Zr-3Nb-2.5Sn alloy, as a dental restoration material, had good corrosion resistance in artificial saliva.</p>


Subject(s)
Alloys , Corrosion , Dental Materials , Electrochemistry , Materials Testing , Saliva, Artificial , Surface Properties , Titanium
5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 294-297, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332253

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the application of 3D liver acquisition volume acceleration (3D-LAVA) integrated with array spatial sensitivity encoding technique (ASSET) in liver dynamic-enhancement scanning.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred forty-seven patients underwent conventional plain and contrast enhancement liver MR imaging. 3D-LAVA and 2D fast spoiled gradient recalled echo were used for contrast enhancement liver MR scanning in 90 and 57 patients respectively. In the 3D-LAVA group, integrated ASSET was used in 72 out of the 90 patients. Of the 57 patients who underwent examinations using 2D fast spoiled gradient recalled echo, portal vein CE-MRA was performed on 20. The ability of 3D-LAVA to detect the lesions and the advantage to shorten the acquisition time after integrating with ASSET were analyzed. Original images of 60 patients in the 3D-LAVA group were processed using MIP to illustrate the anatomy of the portal vein. They were compared with those shown by CE-MRA to evaluate the illustration abilities of the two approaches.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>3D-LAVA is more sensitive than 2D-FSPGR in detecting metastatic hepatic carcinomas. In the 3D-LAVA group integrated with ASSET, earlier and peak arterial phase images were acquired in 34 cases; and earlier, peak and late arterial phase images were acquired in 23 cases. The illustrations of the portal vein anatomy by 3D-LAVA were similar to those shown by portal vein CE-MRA.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>3D-LAVA integrated with ASSET can obtain higher quality multi-phase dynamic enhancement images of the liver in a shorter time, and in the meantime also shows the vascular anatomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Contrast Media , Female , Humans , Image Enhancement , Methods , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Methods , Liver , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Sensitivity and Specificity , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281483

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prepare sustained-release capsules of cinnamon oil with stearic acid, polyethylene glycol 6000 and gluceryl monostearate.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After the solid dispersion of cinnamon oil was prepared by melting method, the effects of the process variables and formulation variables on solid dispersion and dissolution were investigated. The formulation and preparation process of cinnamon oil solid dispersion were optimized by orthogonal design, and Fourier-transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was employed to detect the possible molecular interaction between cinnamon oil and the adjuvants.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The in vitro release percentage of the optimized formula complied with the Higuchi equation, and the preparation allowed drug delivery for 12 h. Analysis with FTIR spectroscopy revealed interactions between cinnamon oil and the adjuvents and formation of the solid dispersion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The solid dispersion capsules prepared through this simple and well reproducible process allow obviously sustained release of cinnamon oil.</p>


Subject(s)
Capsules , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Chemistry , Delayed-Action Preparations , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Drug Compounding , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Technology, Pharmaceutical
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680054

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of Epipolis laser in situ keratomileusis(Epi-LASIK)and laser in situ keratomileu- sis(LASIK)on high myopia patients.Design Prospective,case-controlled study.Participants 62 patients(123 eyes)with high myopia. Methods 62 patients(123 eyes)underwent Epi-LASIK or LASIK surgery for high myopia:28 patients(56 eyes)underwent Epi-LASIK and 34 patients(67 eyes)underwent LASIK.The differences in postoperative uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA),best corrected visual acuity(BCVA),refraction,and root mean square(RMS)of high-range wavefront aberration were compared one-week,one-month, three-months and six-months postoperatively.Main Outcome Measures UCVA,BCVA,refraction,and RMS of high-range wavefront aberration.Results There was no serious complication during and after the operation.The recovery of postoperative UCVA after Epi-LASIK was slower than that of LASIK.One week postoperatively,the proportion of UCVA≥0.8 of Epi-LASIK(46.4%)was less than that of LASIK(77.6%)(P=0.0003).No significant differences were found in those of Epi-LASIK(85.7%,94.6%,91.1%)and those of LASIK(92.5%,95.5%,94.0%)one-month,three-months and six-months postoperatively(P=0.590,0.822,0.530).BCVA was same after Epi-LASIK and LASIK.The proportion of mean spherical equivalents within?0.50D for Epi-LASIK(42.9%,51.8%,60.7%,64.3%)had no difference with those for LASIK(53.7%,59.7%,71.6%,73.1%)one-week,one-month,three-months and six-months postoperatively (P=0.230,0.378,0.200,0.290).The postoperative RMS increased after both surgeries,especially after LASIK.At postoperative one-month,three-months and six-months RMS of Epi-LASIK(1.51?0.77)?m,(1.32?0.76)?m,(1.18?0.71)?m were much higher than the (0.87?0.27)?m preoperative ones(P=0.016,0.019,0.026).At postoperative one-month,three-months and six-months RMS of LASIK (2.41?0.81)?m,(2.17?0.63)?m,(1.89?0.87)?m were also much higher than the preoperative(0.91?0.22)?m(P=0.011,0.008,0.006). There were significant differences between the RMS of Epi-LASIK and LASIK one-month,three-months and six-months postoperatively (P=0.039,0.035,0.033).The I grade haze was found in two eyes after Epi-LASIK.Conclusion Epi-LASIK has better visual quality re- sult than LASIK on correcting high myopia.(Ophthalmol CHN,2007,16:336-339)

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