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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2124-2128, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941454

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluat e the cost-effectiveness of Keluoxin capsule combi ned with chemical medicine in the treatment of diabetic kidney disease (DKD)from the perspective of the whole society. METHODS Six-state Markov model with 1 year cycle and 40 years time horizon was constructed by means of secondary literature review ,medical record analysis of sample hospital and clinical expert consultation. The cost-effectiveness of Keluoxin capsule combined with chemical medicine versus chemical medicine alone for DKD was evaluated by taking the quality-adjusted life year (QALY)as the output index ,setting the discount rate as 5%,and taking one time domestic gross domestic product (GDP)per capita in 2020 of China as the judgement threshold of incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER). RESULTS Within 40 years,Keluoxin capsule combined with chemical medicine group spent 8 644.09 yuan per capita more than chemical medicine alone group ,and gained more 0.143 QALYs;ICER was 60 460.25 yuan/QALY,which was less than one times GDP per capita of China in 2020(72 447 yuan). The results of sensitivity analysis showed that the annual days of using Keluoxin capsule ,the health utility value of DKD at early stage had a great influence on the results of cost-effectiveness analysis. The results of probabilistic sensitivity analysis suggested that the basic analysis results of this study were robust. CONCLUSIONS At the current price level ,Keluoxin capsule combined with chemical medicine is more cost-effective to treat DKD than chemical medicine alone. The dosage of Keluoxin capsule and health utility value should be paid attention in specific decision- bjmu.edu.cn making scenarios.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1178-1182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929502

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the influence of slight eye movement during laser scanning on femtosecond laser precision of corneal ablation and postoperative refractive status in small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE). METHODS: Totally 32 patients(62 eyes)who underwent SMILE surgery in our hospital from January 2019 to March 2021 were included and divided into the movement group and the fixation group according to whether the eyeballs were slightly moved during the operation, and select patients with slightly moved monocular eyeballs for binocular pairing. The actual difference of absolute value of corneal absolute cutting error(ACE), astigmatism error(AE), absolute refractive error(ARE)and absolute visual error(AVE)was compared between the movement group and the fixation group and the two eyes of the patients with slight ocular movement in one eye at 1mo after surgery, and the surgical images were quantified to analyze the correlation between the amplitude of ocular movement and AE, and to compare the effects of the area, layer and direction of slight eye movement on ACE.RESULTS: There were no differences in all observed results between movement group and fixation group(P>0.05). Patients with slight movement of one eye had a difference in binocular AE(0.57±0.31D vs 0.33±0.27D, P<0.05), and the amplitude of movement was positively correlated with AE at 1mo after surgery(r=0.564, P<0.05). There was no statistical differences in ACE at 1mo after surgery in patients with slight ocular movement in different regions(central/peripheral), layers(upper/lower lens)and direction(nasal/temporal)(all P>0.05).CONCLUSION:The slight eye movement during laser scanning in SMILE has no significant influence on precision of corneal ablation. It mainly causes decentered ablation and the changes of corneal astigmatism, which has little effect on the spherical equivalent and visual acuity.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 461-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920913

ABSTRACT

Sphingomyelinases (SMase) are the main enzymes that regulate the signaling pathway of sphingomyelin and the metabolism of related products, and they are involved in the key steps of the complex metabolic process of sphingomyelin. In recent years, many studies have shown that SMase is involved in the biological processes such as cell cycle arrest, cell migration, and inflammation and promotes the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma by regulating the apoptosis and proliferation of tumor stem cells. SMase has an important potential biological value in the development, progression, diagnosis, and treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. This article summarizes the exact role of SMase in the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma, in order to provide new ideas and strategies for the clinical treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma and the development of new drugs.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925676

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to optimize a peptide (nABP284) that binds to programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) by a computer-based protocol in order to increase its affinity. Then, this study aimed to determine the inhibitory effects of this peptide on cancer immune escape by coculturing improving cytokine-induced killer (ICIK) cells with cancer cells. @*Materials and Methods@#nABP284 that binds to PD-1 was identified by phage display technology in our previous study. AutoDock and PyMOL were used to optimize the sequence of nABP284 to design a new peptide (nABPD1). Immunofluorescence was used to demonstrate that the peptides bound to PD-1. Surface plasmon resonance was used to measure the binding affinity of the peptides. The blocking effect of the peptides on PD-1 was evaluated by a neutralization experiment with human recombinant programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) protein. The inhibition of activated lymphocytes by cancer cells was simulated by coculturing of human acute T lymphocytic leukemia cells (Jurkat T cells) with human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells (Cal27 cells). The anticancer activities were determined by coculturing ICIK cells with Cal27 cells in vitro. @*Results@#A high-affinity peptide (nABPD1, KD=11.9 nM) for PD-1 was obtained by optimizing the nABP284 peptide (KD=11.8 μM). nABPD1 showed better efficacy than nABP284 in terms of increasing the secretion of interkeulin-2 by Jurkat T cells and enhancing the in vitro antitumor activity of ICIK cells. @*Conclusion@#nABPD1 possesses higher affinity for PD-1 than nABP284, which significantly enhances its ability to block the PD-1/PD-L1 interaction and to increase ICIK cell-mediated antitumor activity by armoring ICIK cells.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 347-353,358, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884054

ABSTRACT

Objective:A large single-center, premature acute myocardial infarction (AMI) age (≤45 years) cohort was established to investigate the clinical features and the factors affecting major adverse cardiac events (MACE).Methods:This is a prospective and observational study. 603 patients with a clear diagnosis of AMI admitted to the Tianjin Chest Hospital from March 2015 to December 2017 were continuously selected. All patients were aged ≤45 years old, and a single-center large-sample premature AMI cohort was established. The patient's clinical basic conditions, laboratory indicators, imaging data, coronary angiography and treatment were collected. All patients were followed up for 1 year. MACE events such as cardiac death, recurrent AMI, revascularization, severe heart failure requiring hospitalization and stroke were recorded. Kaplan Meier method was used to draw the survival curve. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the influence of risk factors, clinical characteristics and intervention methods on the long-term prognosis of MACE events.Results:A total of 603 AMI patients were included, 575 males (95.36%), 28 females (4.64%), and median age 41 (37, 44) years old. There were 422 patients (69.98%) with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), 206 patients (48.82%) with anterior myocardial infarction, and 181 patients (30.02%) with non ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Smoking was the most common risk factor for premature AMI (77.45%), followed by hyperlipidemia (48.42%) and hypertension (48.09%); smoking was the most common risk factor for male patients (80.35%), and hyperlipidemia was the most common risk factor for female patients (35.71%). 302 (50.08%) patients with premature AMI were treated with symptom onset to first medical contact (SO-to-FMC) ≤12 h; 563 patients (93.37%) had coronary angiography; coronary angiography showed that no significant stenosis, single-vessel disease, double-vessel disease, three-vessel disease, and patients with left main disease were 15(2.66%), 212(37.66%), 153(25.37%), 167(29.66%), 16(2.84%) cases; 318(56.48%) patients with vascular occlusion; The proportion of male combined with left main lesions was lower than that of female group (2.41% vs 12.50%, P=0.026); A total of 45 patients (7.46%) were recorded MACE. The 1-year MACE incidence was lower in the male group than in the female group (6.96% vs 17.86%, P=0.032). Multivariate COX regression analysis: there were 5 indicators that entered the regression model and were statistically significant: female ( HR:4.184; 95% CI:1.583-11.064; P=0.004), SO-to-FMC≤12 h ( HR:0.447; 95% CI:0.224-0.889; P=0.022), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)≤40% ( HR:3.727; 95% CI:1.876-7.405; P<0.001), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ( HR:1.315; 95% CI:1.041-1.662; P=0.022), homocysteine (Hcy) ( HR:1.011; 95% CI:1.002-1.019; P=0.011) were independent predictor of MACE occurrence in patients with early-onset AMI within 1 year. Conclusions:Smoking is the most common risk factor for young men with AMI. The most common risk factors for young women's AMI is hyperlipidemia, and the proportion of patients with left main artery disease is higher than that of men, but the proportion of patients receiving emergency intervention is lower than that of men, and the long-term prognosis of young women is poor. Early detection and control of these risk factors is a key measure to prevent the onset of AMI.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878972

ABSTRACT

In this study, 24 copies of samples of Chrysanthemum morifolium and soil from two main production towns in Macheng city were collected, and the contents of 13 mineral elements, 5 effective components and 14 soil nutrient factors in Ch. morifolium were determined. The enrichment characteristics of available soil nutrients by mineral elements were analyzed and the dominant factors affecting the effective components of Ch. morifolium were screened. The results showed that the content of mineral elements and soil nutrients and effective components are very different, and variation of soil fertility was much greater than that of inorganic elements in chrysanthemum plants. In general, the level of element content in Ch. morifolium from different producing areas is K>N>P>Mg>Ca>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Cd. The content of K, N and Mg is higher than that of common crops, and the content of Cu, Cd and Pb in Ch. morifolium from various producing areas does not exceed the relevant standards. The N, P and K enrichment capacity in soil was stronger than that of other elements, and the Ca enrichment ability was the worst. The content of AvCu in the soil was positively correlated with the contents of N, Mg, K, Fe and Cu elements in Ch. morifolium. The contents of chlorogenic acid, luteolin, 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid reached the pharmacopoeia standard. The percentage of chlorogenic acid and 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid in Ch. morifolium that from Huangtugang town in the active components were generally higher than that from Futianhe town, and the diffe-rences of luteolin contents in the two producing areas were relatively small. The correlation and regression analysis showed that the contents of Cu, Zn and Cr in Ch. morifolium were positively correlated with the active components, while the contents of Fe, Mn and Ni were negatively correlated with the contents of AvP, AvK, TK, AvMn and AvCu in soil. In general, Zn and Ca fertilizer should be added to the ecological planting of Ch. morifolium, K fertilizer should be added, and N and P fertilizer should be applied appropriately.


Subject(s)
Chrysanthemum , Fertilizers , Minerals , Nutrients , Soil
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878971

ABSTRACT

In this study, 23 germplasm resources of Chrysanthemum morifolium used in medicine and tea were collected from Dabie Mountains and its surrounding producing areas, and the contents of 13 mineral elements were determined and compared. The thermal maps of correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used for comprehensive evaluation. The results showed that the average content of each element in Ch. morifolium of different germplasm resources was: K>N>P>Mg>Ca>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Cd, and the leaves were: K>N>Ca>Mg>P>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cr>Cu>Ni>Pb>Cd. There are rich contents of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and Fe in Ch. morifolium flowers and their leaves, among them, K element has the largest change range, while N, Ca, Fe, Mg and Zn elements have a larger change range. The absorption and accumulation of each element in the leaves of different germplasm resources varied greatly. The correlation analysis shows that there is a strong positive correlation between Ca element, Mg, Mn and Cd element.Principal component analysis in Ch. morifolium flowers characteristic elements for Mn, Cr, Cu, P, K, can be used as a Ch. morifolium resources to identify the characteristics of the elements, choose top five principal component(F1-F5) comprehensive evalua-tion of medicinal Ch. morifolium, scored in the top five varieties for Hangiu-Fuhuangju, Hangju-Xiaoyangju, Hangju-Sheyangju, Hangju-Dayanghua, Hangju-Subeiju,indicates that in terms of mineral elements, the five medicinal Ch. morifolium resources quality is better. The PCA score chart can divide 23 Ch. morifolium resources into 4 groups, and the cluster analysis heat map divides 23 Ch. morifolium resources into 5 groups. All the Ch. morifolium resources of the same type can be well clustered together, indicating that the difference in mineral element content of Ch. morifolium germplasm resources is closely related to genetic factors.


Subject(s)
Chrysanthemum/genetics , Flowers/genetics , Minerals , Plant Leaves , Tea
8.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 534-537, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of venetoclax in transplantation of patients with refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Methods:The diagnosis and treatment process of a patient with refractory AML who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) under venetoclax and hypomethylating agents bridging myeloablative preconditioning regimen after induction therapy failure in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University in March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The patient was a 28-year-old female who was diagnosed with refractory AML. The patient was initially given induction chemotherapy with IA (idarubicin+cytarabine) (3+7) regimen, but the disease did not relieve, then the induction chemotherapy with CLAG (cladribine+cytarabine+granulocyte colony stimulating factor) regimen was given, but the disease still did not relieve. After chemotherapy with venetoclax and hypomethylating agents bridging myeloablative preconditioning regimen, salvage haploid allo-HSCT was performed. Re-examination of bone marrow showed remission, and implantation was successful. The patient was followed up for 100 days and had sustained remission, and no transplantation complications occurred.Conclusion:For refractory AML patients who have failed primary induction therapy, the use of venetoclax and hypomethylating agents bridging myeloablative preconditioning regimen can be used as a preferred solution for salvage allo-HSCT.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the distribution characteristics of mineral elements in <italic>Gastrodia elata </italic>samples<italic> </italic>with different grades and specifications (variants) from diverse producing areas and their classification and identification evidences. Method:Fourteen mineral elements in 31 batches of <italic>Gastrodia elata</italic> samples of different grades and specifications (variants) from diverse producing areas were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry, Mo-Sb colorimetry, and curcumin colorimetry, and then subjected to correlation analysis (CA), discriminant analysis (DA), and principal component analysis (PCA). Result:The content of K, N, and P in <italic>G. elata</italic> was the highest, enabling them to serve as the nutritional limiting factors affecting its growth. The <italic>G. elata</italic> samples could be identified by the variation trend of elements (K>N>P>Mg>Ca>Fe>B>Zn>Mn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Cd). The comparison of <italic>G. elata</italic> samples from multiple producing areas showed that <italic>G. elata</italic> from Zhaotong has the highest P, Fe, and Cd content, that from Lijiang the highest K content, that form Luotian the highest Zn and Cr content, and that from Jinzhai the highest Cu and Pb content. The content of Mg, B, Pb, and Cr in <italic>G. elata</italic> f. <italic>elata</italic> was higher than that in <italic>G. elata </italic>f. <italic>glauca</italic>. It was found that the content of P, Cu, and Cd in commercially available <italic>G. elata </italic>products gradually increased with the decrease in the commercial grade, while that of Mg, Fe, B, and Ni mostly decreased. As revealed by CA, Fe was positively correlated with Mg, Cr, and B. The producing areas of <italic>G. elata</italic> samples could be effectively identified by DA with Cd, Pb, Cr, Cu, B, and Ni as the main variables, and the accuracy reached up to 85.71%. According to the PCA of mineral elements in <italic>G. elata</italic> f. <italic>glauca</italic> from Zhaotong, Yunnan Province, Fe, Cr, Mg, Cd, P, Mn, B, Pb, and Cu exerted a greater influence on <italic>G. elata</italic>. Conclusion:The determination of mineral elements in <italic>G. elata</italic> samples contributes to identifying their authenticity and origin due to the easy operation, accurate results, and good stability.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874443

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Obstacles exist in facilitating hepatitis C virus (HCV) care cascade. To increase timely and accurate diagnosis, disease awareness and accessibility, in-hospital HCV reflex testing followed by automatic appointments and a late call-back strategy (R.N.A. model) was applied. We aimed to compare the HCV treatment rate of patients treated with this strategy compared to those without. @*Methods@#One hundred and twenty-five anti-HCV seropositive patients who adopted the R.N.A. model in 2020 and another 1,396 controls treated in 2019 were enrolled to compare the gaps in accurate HCV RNA diagnosis to final treatment allocation. @*Results@#The HCV RNA testing rate was significantly higher in patients who received reflex testing than in those without reflex testing (100% vs. 84.8%, P<0.001). When patients were stratified according to the referring outpatient department, a significant improvement in the HCV RNA testing rate was particularly noted in patients from non-hepatology departments (100% vs. 23.3%, P<0.001). The treatment rate in HCV RNA seropositive patients was 83% (83/100) after the adoption of the R.N.A. model, among whom 96.1% and 73.9% of patients were from the hepatology and non-hepatology departments, respectively. Compared to subjects without R.N.A. model application, a significant improvement in the treatment rate was observed for patients from non-hepatology departments (73.9% vs. 27.8%, P=0.001). The application of the R.N.A. model significantly increased the in-hospital HCV treatment uptake from 6.4% to 73.9% for patients from non-hepatology departments (P<0.001). @*Conclusions@#The care cascade increased the treatment uptake and set up a model for enhancing in-hospital HCV elimination.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to research whether anterior tibial crest is a reliable anatomical reference for rotational alignment of tibial component in TKA.@*METHODS@#The study included 122 patients who underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA) examination for unilateral lower extremity trauma with normal contralateral lower extremities, including 89 males and 33 females, with an average age of(51.4±16.4) years old(ranged 18 to 81 years old). Picture archiving and communication system (PACS) was used to mark 11 lines including the surgical epicondylar axis (SEA) connecting the most prominent points of the lateral epicondyle and the deepest point of the sulcus on the medial epicondyle of the femur, axis of medial border of patellar tendon (MEPT)connecting the middle of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and medial border of the patellar tendon at the level of a standard tibial cut from 8 mm distal of the lateral tibial joint surface, transverse axis of tibia (TAT) at the level of a standard tibial cut from 8 mm distal of the lateral tibial joint surface, Akagi line connecting the projected middle of the PCL and medial border of the patellar tendon at the tibial attachment, the axis of the medial 1/3 of patellar tendon(M1/3) connecting the projected middle of PCL and the medial 1/3 of the patellar tendon at the patellar tendon attachment level, Insall line connecting the projected middle of the PCL and the medial 1/3 of tibial tubercle, the axis of medial border of tibial tubercle (MBTT) connecting the projected middle of the PCL and medial border of tibial tubercle, as well as the axis of the proximal anterior tibial crest (PATC), axis 1 of the middle anterior tibial crest (MATC1), axis 2 of the middle anterior tibial crest (MATC2) and the axis of the distal anterior tibial crest (DATC) which were marked by connecting the 4 equidistant points on the sharp anterior tibial crest and the projected middle of the PCL. The angles between TAT and SEA as well as the angles between other axes and the perpendicular to SEA were measured. Pairwise differences among the 10 tibial axes were examined using One-Way ANOVA and paired @*RESULTS@#The angles between the axes of MEPT, Akagi line, M1/3, Insall line, MBTT, PATC, MATC1, MATC2, DATC and the perpendicular to SEA were (-1.6 ±4.5)° , (1.4 ±5.0)° , (10.2±5.1)°, (11.9±5.4)°, (3.6±4.8)°, (12.0±6.9)°, (7.2±8.6)°, (7.1±10.4)°, (6.6±13.5)°, respectively. The angle between TAT and SEA was (4.1±5.3)°. MEPT was external rotation compared to SEA. M1/3, Insall line and PATC were significantly greater than Akagi line, MBTT, TAT (@*CONCLUSION@#The middle tibial anterior crest can be used as a reference for rotational alignment of tibial component in TKA, and its reliability is better than Insall line, but worse than Akagi line, TAT and MBTT.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Rotation , Tibia/surgery , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799288

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognosis of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for treatment of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 53 elderly patients (≥55 years old) with AML who received allo-HSCT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from June 2008 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients included haplo-HSCT (26 cases), matched-sibling donors (MSD)-HSCT (18 cases), matched or mismatched unrelated donors (9 cases). The efficacy of allo-HSCT for elderly patients with AML was analyzed, and the efficacy and safety of haplo-HSCT and MSD-HSCT were compared.@*Results@#There were 35 males and 18 females among 53 elderly AML patients. The median age was 57 years old (55-67 years old), and 45 patients received myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimen while 8 patients received reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen. There were 52 patients who were successfully implanted in granulocyte, and the median time for engraftment was 12 d (10-23 d). There were 50 patients who were successfully implanted in megakaryocyte and the median time for engraftment was 13 d (10-76 d). The incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 49.1% (26/53), and the incidence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ acute GVHD was 15.1% (8/53), respectively. The median follow-up time was 14.7 months (0.4-136.8 months), and 32 patients survived. The rate of 2-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and graft-versus-host-free-relapse free survival (GRFS) was 63.1%, 59.5% and 46.1%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that non-complete remission (CR) state before transplantation was an independent prognostic factor for OS (HR = 3.600, 95% CI 1.213-10.684, P = 0.021), DFS (HR = 2.596, 95% CI 1.098-6.138, P = 0.030) and relapse (HR = 3.957, 95% CI 1.099-14.245, P = 0.035). Donor age > 45 years old was an independent risk factor for OS (HR = 3.687, 95% CI 1.343-10.215, P = 0.011). Time from diagnosis to transplantation ≥6 months was an independent risk factor for GRFS (HR = 2.308, 95%CI 1.083-4.918, P = 0.030). There were no statistical differences in OS rate, DFS rate, cumulative relapse rate, the incidence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ acute GVHD and moderate to severe chronic GVHD between haplo-HSCT and MSD-HSCT (all P > 0.05).@*Conclusions@#The preliminary results show that allo-HSCT is an effective and safe treatment for elderly AML patients. In addition, haplo-HSCT is similar to MSD-HSCT in the efficacy and safety, indicating that haplo-HSCT could be a better treatment option for elderly AML patients under the circumstance without non-identical donor.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognosis of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for treatment of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Methods:The clinical data of 53 elderly patients (≥55 years old) with AML who received allo-HSCT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from June 2008 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients included haplo-HSCT (26 cases), matched-sibling donors (MSD)-HSCT (18 cases), matched or mismatched unrelated donors (9 cases). The efficacy of allo-HSCT for elderly patients with AML was analyzed, and the efficacy and safety of haplo-HSCT and MSD-HSCT were compared.Results:There were 35 males and 18 females among 53 elderly AML patients. The median age was 57 years old (55-67 years old), and 45 patients received myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimen while 8 patients received reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen. There were 52 patients who were successfully implanted in granulocyte, and the median time for engraftment was 12 d (10-23 d). There were 50 patients who were successfully implanted in megakaryocyte and the median time for engraftment was 13 d (10-76 d). The incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 49.1% (26/53), and the incidence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ acute GVHD was 15.1% (8/53), respectively. The median follow-up time was 14.7 months (0.4-136.8 months), and 32 patients survived. The rate of 2-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and graft-versus-host-free-relapse free survival (GRFS) was 63.1%, 59.5% and 46.1%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that non-complete remission (CR) state before transplantation was an independent prognostic factor for OS ( HR = 3.600, 95% CI 1.213-10.684, P = 0.021), DFS ( HR = 2.596, 95% CI 1.098-6.138, P = 0.030) and relapse ( HR = 3.957, 95% CI 1.099-14.245, P = 0.035). Donor age > 45 years old was an independent risk factor for OS ( HR = 3.687, 95% CI 1.343-10.215, P = 0.011). Time from diagnosis to transplantation ≥6 months was an independent risk factor for GRFS ( HR = 2.308, 95% CI 1.083-4.918, P = 0.030). There were no statistical differences in OS rate, DFS rate, cumulative relapse rate, the incidence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ acute GVHD and moderate to severe chronic GVHD between haplo-HSCT and MSD-HSCT (all P > 0.05). Conclusions:The preliminary results show that allo-HSCT is an effective and safe treatment for elderly AML patients. In addition, haplo-HSCT is similar to MSD-HSCT in the efficacy and safety, indicating that haplo-HSCT could be a better treatment option for elderly AML patients under the circumstance without non-identical donor.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829026

ABSTRACT

BRAF is a serine/threonine kinase that harbors activating mutations in ∼7% of human malignancies and ∼60% of melanomas. Despite initial clinical responses to BRAF inhibitors, patients frequently develop drug resistance. To identify candidate therapeutic targets for BRAF inhibitor resistant melanoma, we conduct CRISPR screens in melanoma cells harboring an activating BRAF mutation that had also acquired resistance to BRAF inhibitors. To investigate the mechanisms and pathways enabling resistance to BRAF inhibitors in melanomas, we integrate expression, ATAC-seq, and CRISPR screen data. We identify the JUN family transcription factors and the ETS family transcription factor ETV5 as key regulators of CDK6, which together enable resistance to BRAF inhibitors in melanoma cells. Our findings reveal genes contributing to resistance to a selective BRAF inhibitor PLX4720, providing new insights into gene regulation in BRAF inhibitor resistant melanoma cells.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827979

ABSTRACT

In this paper, Chrysanthemum morifolium was used as the experimental object, eight different planting periods were set up in field plot experiment from April to August, which were 04-15, 05-19, 05-30, 06-09, 06-19, 07-20, 07-31, 08-15. The effects of different treatments on the occurrence of root rot, agronnmic traits, mineral element absorption and content of effective components of Ch. morifolium in Macheng country of Hubei province were studied. The results showed that delaying the planting time could effectively reduce the diseases occurrence of root rot of Ch. morifolium. With the advance of transplanting period, the plant height, the weight of one hundred flowers and the number of flowers of Ch. morifolium showed a trend of gradual decrease, while the number of primary branches and the thickness of main stem and the primary branch increased first and then decreased. The yield of Ch. morifolium per plant and per mu increased with the advance of the planting period, and the yield per mu increased during the planting period on June 19, which was 91.96% higher than that on April 15. And with the delay of the planting period,the absorption and accumulation of potassium(K) elements was promotes. The content of active ingredients such as chlorogenic acid, rutin, luteolin, and 3,5-O dicoffeoacy lquinic acid in the Ch. morifolium increased significantly and then gradually decreased with the delay of the planting period, which indicates that late planting can significantly improve the quality of Ch. morifolium. Considering factors such as the occurrence of root rot disease, yield and active ingredient content, combined with climatic conditions in the Dabie Mountains in eastern Hubei, the optimum planting period of Ch. morifolium was determined from mid-late June to early July.


Subject(s)
Chlorogenic Acid , Chrysanthemum , Flowers , Minerals
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1413-1417, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822970

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the differences between the estimated and measured corneal ablation thickness in myopic eyes with different refractive errors in small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)and investigate the precision of corneal ablation thickness in SMILE. <p>METHODS: This prospective study included 234 eyes(143 myopic patients), who had undergone SMILE in our hospital from January 2017 to August 2019. The patients were divided into three groups according to a manifest refraction spherical equivalent(MRSE): low myopia(-0.50 to -3.00D, 78 eyes), moderate myopia(>-3.00 to -6.00D, 78 eyes), and high myopia(>-6.00D, 78 eyes). Observe the uncorrected distance visual acuity(UDVA)and MRSE before and after operation. The central corneal thickness(CCT)was measured by Pentacam preoperatively and postoperatively at 1mo. Compare the discrepancy between estimated corneal ablation thickness and measured corneal ablation thickness of three groups to discuss the precision of corneal ablation thickness in different refractive errors in SMILE. <p>RESULTS: The UDVA was 0.8 or better in all eyes and 1.0 or better in 98.3% eyes postoperatively. The average measured corneal ablation thickness was significantly lower than average estimated corneal ablation thickness(84.92±23.15μm <i>vs </i>100.07±26.83μm, <i>P</i><0.01). The average cutting error was 15.15±10.34μm. The measured corneal ablation thickness of low myopia, moderate myopia and high myopia was significantly lower than the estimated corneal ablation thickness, respectively(<i>P</i><0.01). The cutting error of low myopia, moderate myopia and high myopia was 8.81±7.78, 15.59±9.27, 21.05±10.03μm respectively. The average MRSE of all patients was -4.85±2.15D preoperation, there was a linear regression relation between MRSE and cutting error(<i>Y</i>= -2.2495<i>X</i>+3.9287, <i>R</i>2=0.1589). The cutting error increased with MRSE(<i>t</i>=-6.620, <i>P</i><0.001).<p>CONCLUSION: The measured corneal ablation thickness was lower than estimated corneal ablation thickness,the higher the refractive power was, the larger the cutting error would be in SMILE. Although there was significant discrepancy between measured corneal ablation thickness and estimated corneal ablation thickness, the effect of this surgery was ideal, the mismatch did not influence the precision of different refractive errors.

17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 367-372, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941118

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare clinical efficacy of interventional treatment with graft vessel and native coronary artery for patients with late saphenous vein grafts disease(SVGD) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: A total of 1 608 patients underwent CABG in Tianjin Chest from March 2014 to December 2017 were screened. During the follow-up period, 165 hospitalized patients with recurrence of angina pectoris within one year after CABG, who had at least one narrow vein graft(≥50%) confirmed by the coronary angiography were enrolled. According to the results of angiography and surgeon's clinical experiences, the patients received interventional treatment to vein grafts(grafts group, n=53) or native coronary vessels(native group, n=112). The operation success rate, mortality and incidence of serious complications after interventional treatment in two groups at the time of hospitalization were compared.And the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events(MACE) in two groups at one year after discharge were also compared. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to compare the cumulative event-free survival rates. The risk factors for the MACE in the patients with late SVGD and treated by interventional therapy were analyzed by Cox regression analysis. Results: A total of 165 patients were included for analysis, including 98 males(59.4%). The age was (64.2±7.1) years old. The follow-up time was 12 (8, 12) months. In the grafts group, operation success rate was 90.57%(48/53), and 3 cases(5.66%) suffered from serious complications after interventional treatment, 2 cases(3.77%) died. For native group the operation success rate was 88.39%(99/112), and 7(6.25%) cases suffered from serious complications after interventional treatment, and no deaths. The operation success rate and the incidences of serious complications after interventional treatment in two groups had no statistically significant difference(both P>0.05). The mortality in hospital of native group was lower than that in grafts group(P<0.05). Within 12 months after discharge, there was no statistically significant difference in incidence of MACE of two groups (11.32%(6/53) vs. 10.71%(12/112), P>0.05). Survival analysis showed that the cumulative event-free survival rates in two groups were 73.58% (39/53) and 66.13%(74/112), and there was no statistically significant difference (P>0.05). Cox regression analysis showed acute coronary syndrome (HR=41.203, 95%CI 4.859-349.361, P<0.01), and peripheral vascular diseases (HR=2.808, 95%CI 1.067-7.393, P<0.05) were the risk factors of the MACE for the patients treated by interventional therapy with late SVGD. Conclusion: For the patients with late SVGD after CABG, the success rate of intervention with vein grafts and own coronary vessels are both high with satisfactory safety.The in-hospital mortality of interventional therapy in own coronary vessels is lower than in graft vessel. Patients with acute coronary syndrome and peripheral vascular disease have a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Vessels , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Saphenous Vein , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879370

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the role of endoplasmic reticulum stress response in the development of osteoblast apoptosis and osteolysis in osteolytic bone tissue, and to explore the causes of artificial joint loosening, so as to provide new ideas and theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of artificial joint loosening.@*METHODS@#The animal model of osteolysis induced by wear particles was established by mouse skull, and randomly divided into 4 groups, 7 rats in each group:group 1, blank control group;group 2, wear particles tial6v4 nano alloy powder (TiNPs) group;group 3, endoplasmic reticulum stress response positive control (TiNPs+Tg) group; group 4, endoplasmic reticulum stress response inhibitor (TiNPs+4-PBA) group. The pathological changes of osteolysis were observed by toluidine blue staining, HE staining and ALP staining;the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress response marker protein was detected by Western Blotting;the apoptosis of osteoblasts in osteolytic skull tissue was detected by TUNEL and Caspase-3 immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Wear particles TiNPs can induce osteolysis in vitro, aggravate the infiltration of inflammatory cells and inhibit the differentiation and maturation of osteoblasts. At the same time, wear particles can also up regulate the markers of endoplasmic reticulum stress response and promote the apoptosis of osteoblasts in osteolytic bone tissue. After adding 4-PBA, an inhibitor of endoplasmic reticulum stress (4-PBA), on the basis of wear particles TiNPs, the symptoms of osteolysis were significantly relieved, bone erosion and inflammatory infiltration were significantly reduced, the differentiation and maturation of osteoblasts were improved, the number of apoptotic osteoblasts decreased sharply, and the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress marker protein gradually decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#Endoplasmic reticulum stress is involved in the formation of osteolysis and plays an important role in the occurrence and development of osteolysis. At the same time, endoplasmic reticulum stress can be used as a new therapeutic target to provide new ideas and methods for clinical reversal or treatment of osteolysis and aseptic loosening.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Differentiation , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Mice , Osteoblasts , Osteolysis/chemically induced , Rats
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742721

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the mRNA expression levels of inflammatory-related factors NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, and IL-18in the murine macrophages infected by periodontitis patient's own tissue nucleic acid, and to discuss the effects of periodontitis patient's own tissue nucleic acid on the inflammation-related factors in the macrophages.Methods:The inflammatory periodontal tissue samples were collected during periodontal flap surgery of the chronic periodontitis patients, and the healthy periodontal tissue samples were collected from the patients without any periodontal diseases undergoing crown lengthening surgery.Then the total RNA from gingival tissue was extracted and reversely transcribed into cDNA.The cultured mouse macrophages RAW264.7were divided into control group and experiment group, then the healthy periodontal tissue cDNA and inflammatory periodontal tissue cDNA (the cDNA at a concentration of 1mg·L-1) were added into the RAW264.7cells, respectively.Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, IL-1β, and IL-18in the macrophages in various groups at 4, 6and 8hafter incubation.Results:The microscope observation showed that the mouse macrophages RAW264.7grew well with round and polygon shapes, clear cytoplasm, and full cell body.Compared with control group, the expression levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, IL-1β, and IL-18mRNA in the RAW264.7cells in experiment group at 4, 6, and 8hwere increased significantly (P<0.05or P<0.01) , and the expression levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, IL-1β, and IL-18 mRNA in RAW264.7 cells at 6 hin experiment group were the highest.Conclusion:The periodontitis patient's own tissue nucleic acids can promote the mRNA expressions of inflammation-related factors in the RAW264.7cells, suggesting that the periodontitis patient's own tissue nucleic acid has an immunomodulatory effect on the activation of RAW264.7cells.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754569

ABSTRACT

Objective By analyzing the pancreas islet function characteristics of initial diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients to provide guidance of selecting hypoglycemic drugs to lower the risk occurrence of main cardiovascular adverse event(MACE)in patients with coronary arterial atherosclerotic cardiac disease (coronary disease) combined with diabetes mellitus. Methods The clinical data of 769 initial diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients admitted to Tianjin Hongqiao Hospital from January 2013 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into a synchronous group (542 patients) and a non-synchronous group (227 patients) according to whether the insulin and C-peptide secretion peak times were synchronized or not. The pancreas islet function characteristics of the two groups were analyzed, the differences in the levels of total cholesterol (TC), triacylglycero(TG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c),oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), serum insulin release (INS), C-peptide detection index, peak times of insulin and C-peptide, insulin resistance index of steady state model (HOMA-IR), steady-state insulin secretion index (HOMA-β) , and quantitative insulin sensitivity test index (QUICKI) were compared between the two groups; Logistic binary regression analysis was used to screen out the risk factors that could be related to the impact of whether the peak value times of insulin and C peptide being synchronous or not in initial diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients. Results The TC in the synchronous group was significantly higher than that in the non-synchronous group (mmol/L: 4.96±1.20 vs. 4.78±1.06), and the HbA1c was obviously lower than that in non-synchronous group (0.077 5±0.016 6 vs. 0.082 7±0.018 6), the differences being statistically significant (all P<0.05). The blood glucose, insulin levels of the two groups gradually increased with time and peaked at 120 minutes, and then went down, and the blood glucose level of the synchronous group was significantly lower than that of the non-synchronous group (mmol/L:15.52±3.39 vs. 16.18±3.97), while the levels of insulin in the synchronous group were significantly higher than those in the non-synchronous group (mU/L: 92.19±78.34 vs. 55.99±49.86, both P<0.05). After 120 minutes, the level of C-peptide in synchronous group was significantly higher than that in non-synchronous group (μg/L: 2.34±0.52 vs. 2.16±0.59), and lasted to 180 minutes (μg/L: 9.96±4.71 vs. 8.99±4.33). The peak time of insulin in the synchronous group was significantly delayed than that in non-synchronized group (minutes: 125.54±28.02 vs. 93.30±40.91), but the C-peptide secretion peak time was earlier (minutes: 125.54±28.07 vs. 145.11±32.61), the differences being statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in HOMA-IR, QUICKI between the two groups [HOMA-IR:(4.31±3.35)% vs. (4.15±3.46)%, QUICKI: 0.32±0.04 vs. 0.33±0.05, both P>0.05], and the HOMA-β of synchronous group was significantly higher than that in the non-synchronous group [(88.64±67.53)% vs. (76.59±69.41)%, P<0.05], ISI in synchronous group was significantly lower than that in non-synchronous group (3.98±0.66 vs. 4.14±0.74, P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the factors of affecting the synchronization of insulin and C-peptide release were insulin peak time and C-peptide peak time [insulin peak time: odds ratio (OR) = 1.077, 95% confidence interval (95% CI)=1.066-1.088; peak time of C peptide: OR=0.928, 95%CI=0.918-0.938]. Conclusion The degree of insulin resistance in synchronous group is higher than that in non-synchronous group; and the secretion function of pancreas islet beta cells in non-synchronous group is lower than that in synchronous group; the more stronger insulin resistance is, the more synchronous the release curve of insulin and C-peptide is.

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