Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 32
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1431-1435, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904566

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Myopia is a common refractive error in the process of development. With the high incidence and low age of myopia in children and adolescents, it has become a worldwide public health problem, seriously endangering physical and mental health. The prevention and control of myopia has a long way to go. Low concentration atropine, as an M type choline receptor inhibitor, has been proved by medical research to effectively delay the progress of myopia. This paper reviews the relevant studies at home and abroad in recent years. The optimal concentration of low concentration atropine, the best clinical regimen and possible potential side effects were discussed. From the point of view of school public health, this paper discusses the significance of low concentration atropine for the prevention and control of myopia among school age students, in order to provide a reliable basis and new ideas for the follow up clinical application of atropine and myopia prevention and control strategies for school students.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore biomechanical characteristics of minimally invasive different screw fixations in treating Sanders typeⅡcalcaneal fractures.@*METHODS@#Dicom data of calcaneus by CT scan were input into Mimics 21.0 software and Ansys15.0 software to construct three-dimensional finite element digital model of calcaneus;this model was input into UG NX 10.0 software, and calcaneus was cut according to Sanders classification to establish Sanders typeⅡ calcaneus model with posterior articular surface collapse;then simulated minimally invasive screw internal fixation after calcaneal fracture:a screw from posterior articular surface was used to outside-in fix sustentaculum tali, other 4 screws were used to fix calcaneus by different methods through calcaneal tuberosity, and 4 different calcaneal models were obtained. Under the same conditions, 4 types of internal fixation models were loaded respectively, and nonlinear finite element analysis was performed to calculate the stress distribution of different internal fixation models.@*RESULTS@#Under the same condition of loading, the model 3 had smaller displacement value, maximum calcaneus displacement value and maximum equivalent stress value of the screw than other three internal fixation models, and the stress was more dispersed.@*CONCLUSION@#In minimally invasive screw internal fixation of calcaneus fracture, after 1 sustentaculum tali screw fixation, 2 screws crossed fix posterior articular surface from calcaneal tuberosity, 2 screws fix parallelly calcaneocuboid joint from calcaneal tuberosity are more suitable for biomechanical requirements, and could provide basic theory for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Bone Screws , Calcaneus/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871063

ABSTRACT

Fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) syndrome refers to a group of symptoms, including fetal anemia and maternal hemolytic transfusion reaction caused by fetal blood entering the maternal circulation through intervillous space. Diagnosis of FMH can be easily missed due to its non-specific symptoms and may lead to high perinatal mortality. The degree of fetal anemia and the volume of blood loss can be clinically evaluated by ultrasound measurement of middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity and Kleihauer-Betke test. Clinical management is based on the degree of fetal anemia and gestational age. Intrauterine blood transfusion and termination are standard management. Fetal-maternal transfusion over 20 ml/kg is associated with fetal/neonatal morbidity or mortality. The incidence of FMH in twin pregnancy is rarely reported. We here report a case of dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy. Intrauterine death occurred to one of the twins because of FMH, and the other fetus was delivered at term with good outcome based on close monitoring.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744122

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the effect of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) on the survival of patients with recurrent pancreatic cancer after surgery.Methods The data of 104 patients with recurrent pancreatic cancer after surgery who underwent SBRT in the Department of Radiation Oncology of Changhai Hospital,Navy Medical University from February 2012 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.The prescription doses ranged from 35-40 Gy/4-8 f.Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method,and relevant factors affecting patients' survival were screened by the Cox proportional hazards model.Results The median overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) was 12.5 (11.0-14.0) months and 7.3 (6.0-8.7) months,respectively,while the 1-year rate of OS and PFS was 55.8% and 22.1%,respectively.Multivariate analysis indicated that tumor stage,biological effect dose (α/β =10,BED10),the decrease of CA19-9 level after treatment,and follow-up chemotherapy were all related factors affecting overall survival;tumor stage,BED10,the degree of pain relief and the decrease of CA19-9 level after treatment were related factors affecting PFS.Conclusions Patients suffering recurrent pancreatic cancer with early tumor stage,normal CA19-9 level and mild pain before treatment could be better treated by SBRT,BED10 ≥60 Gy and follow-up chemotherapy after radiotherapy can prolong the survival of patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744121

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) on the survival of patients with early stage pancreatic cancer.Methods The clinical data of 103 T1-2N0M0 pancreatic cancer patients treated by CyberKnife SBRT at the Department of Radiation Oncology of Changhai Hospital from January 2012 to December 2016 was retrospectively analyzed.Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis and Cox proportional hazards model was utilized to identify survival related factors.Results The median overall survival(OS) of T1-2N0M0 pancreatic cancer patients who had unresectable pancreatic cancer or refused surgery was 17.7 (16.1-19.3) months.1-year and 2-year OS rate were 86.3% and 24.6%,respectively.The median progression free survival(PFS) was 13.0(10.7-15.3) months.1-year and 2-year PFS rate were 54.5% and 6.3%,respectively.Patients with chemoradiation,BED10 ≥60 Gy and CA19-9 decrease > 50% after treatment had longer OS and PFS.Conclusions SBRT is a safe and effective treatment for patients with T1-2N0M0 pancreatic cancer.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773876

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the clinical effect of emergency subcutaneous vascular network reverse skin replantation combined with vacuum sealing after drainage of large area skin avulsion injury.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 30 patients with extensive skin avulsion of the lower limb treated between July 2010 and March 2018 were collected. There were 20 males and 10 females, ranging in age from 16 to 67 years old, with an average of(48±13) years old. Cause of injury: 19 cases of car accident injury, 11 cases of crush injury. The surgery time was 3 to 10 h, with an average of (5±1) h. All cases were completely debrided in stage I. The subdermal vascular network was reversed and skin grafted with multiple incision drainage combined with negative pressure closed drainage technique for 7 to 10 days. The wounds were removed by VSD observation:if the necrotic area is large, debridement is required. After the granulation growth of the wound is satisfactory, the skin grafting is performed again after electrification; the small area of necrotic skin strengthens the dressing and heals.@*RESULTS@#30 patients were followed up for 7 to 48 months, with an average of (20±11) months.No infection in 1 case appeared, 30 patients, living area more than 85% of the wound after treatment survival in the stage I; The skin necrosis ranged from about 12% in 5 patients in the stage II. The second stage was healed after redebriding free skin grafts. The other patients were healed after the dressing, capillary meshwork layer of skin color, good elasticity, feeling, wearable pressure, each joint activities is good, no obvious skin adhesion cause physical activity is limited.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Reverse skin grafting combined with VSD for the treatment of large skin avulsion of lower limb can greatly reduce wound infection rate, promote the application of skin and wound, conducive to drainage, improve the survival rate of reverse skin grafting and improve the function of lower limb joints.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Degloving Injuries , Drainage , Female , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Skin Transplantation , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708090

ABSTRACT

As anticancer drugs,topoisomerase inhibitors have been widely used in clinical practice,and their radiosensitivity has been gradually recognized.Many topoisomerase inhibitors are currently in pre-clinical and clinical studies.Several studies have shown that some topoisomerase inhibitors may be potential ideal radiosensitizers.However,the physico-chemical properties,toxicity and sensitization effects should be further investigated.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700418

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for very elderly patients with pancreatic cancer.Methods The clinical data of a total of 149 patients aged from 75 to 90 years with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer treated by SBRT in Changhai Hospital from January 2012 to December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed.Prescription doses ranged from 3.6-9Gy/fractions,and the total doses were 19.5-49Gy in 3-8 fractions.The level of serum cancer antigen 19-9(CA19-9) before and 3 months after treatment was compared and the radiotherapy biological effective dose (BED10) was calculated.The adverse events of the radiotherapy were observed.Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were recorded through follow-up,and the factors influencing the patients' survival were investigated by univariate and multivariate analysis.Results All the patients' median OS and PFS were 12.9and 8.3 months,respectively.One-year OS and PFS rate were 55.9% and 19.5%,respectively.Tumor stage and the decrease of CA19-9 levels >50% at 3 months after treatment and BED10 were independent factors of OS and PFS.No grade 3 or higher toxicities were recorded in all the patients.Conclusions SBRT is safe and effective for very elderly patients with locally advanced or medically inoperable pancreatic cancer.Tumor stage,the decrease of CA19-9 levels after treatment and BED10 were associated with prognosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700415

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the cumulative doses and side effects after two courses of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for pancreatic cancer. Methods Twenty-four pancreatic cancer patients who received two courses of SBRT were enrolled. Organ endangering dose accumulations were calculated by rigid and non-rigid registration. All doses were recalculated to an equivalent dose of 2 Gy per fraction. Results The median of accumulated maximal dosage (Dmax) and dosage per 1cc(D1cc) of the stomach,duodenum and the bowel were 43.87 and 35.28 Gy 3,35.53 and 26.59 Gy3,45.08 and 36.18 Gy3; and the median volume under the dosage of 10Gy (V10) was 107.40,23.98 and 169.26cc, respectively. The median accumulated Dmaxand the dosage of 35% volume(D0.35) of the spinal cord was 8.42 and 7.83Gy3. The median cumulative Dmeanand D2/3of the left and right kidney were 5.18 and 3.65 Gy3, 3.50 and 2.57 Gy3, respectively. The median cumulative Dmeanand D50%of the liver was 5.18 and 3.64Gy3,respectively. The median summed dose to the overlapping radiation field of the two courses was 93.38 Gy3. No grade 3-4 toxicity occurred. Conclusions The cumulative doses to organs at risk as dose constraints were safe and acceptable,which could be used as a reference to evaluate whether a second SBRT could be done after initial SBRT for pancreatic cancer.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700414

ABSTRACT

Objective To propose the method of dose distribution calculated by one-step optimization with 7 shells (Cao method) and compare with that by three-step optimization with 4 shells (Blanck method) and CyberKnife treatment plans for pancreatic cancer. Methods 20 cases of pancreatic cancer who underwent CyberKnife treatment were retrospectively analyzed,and CT was performed to localize and delineate the target area and endangering organs. Dosage was optimized and evaluated with Blanck method and Cao method. The planning target volume (PTV) conformity index (CI), new conformity index (nCI), homogeneity index (HI),gradient index (GI), coverage, dose-volume and doses to organs at risk were compared. Results Compared with Blanck method, CI (1.11 ± 0.05 vs 1.15 ± 0.05), nCI (1.20 ± 0.06 vs 1.23 ± 0.06), coverage [(92.48 ± 1.85)% vs (93.53 ± 2.15)%], volumes encompassed by 100% and 30% prescription dose line (36.46 ± 16.64 vs 38.19 ± 17.68; 286.19 ± 126.52 vs 320.93 ± 154.82) and monitor unit (56 369 ± 20 019 vs 57 814 ± 20 531) were significantly decreased,while GI was increased (3.22 ± 0.19 vs 3.11 ± 0.19), and all the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Additionally, Dmax of the intestine (21.17 ± 2.90 vs 20.63 ± 3.13), D10cc of the stomach (12.78 ± 2.57 vs 13.11 ± 2.43), D5ccof the duodenum (11.01 ± 3.45 vs 11.50 ± 3.25), D10ccof the duodenum (9.30 ± 3.31 vs 9.78 ± 3.07) and D0.35ccof the spinal cord (6.09 ± 0.98 vs 6.59 ± 0.92) were all significantly decreased (P<0.05). No significant differences were found on other parameters. Conclusions Better dose distributions are accessible by one-step optimization with 7 shells in CyberKnife treatment plans for pancreatic cancer.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1122-1128, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689518

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the JAK2, CALR and MPL gene mutations in patients with BCR/ABL1 negative chronic myeloproliferative diseases(BCR/ABL1-CMPD)and to evaluate their diagnostic value.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and eight cases of BCR/ABL1-CMPD comprising of 146 cases of essential thrombocythemia(ET), 37 cases of polycythemia vera(PV)and 25 cases of primary myelofibrosis(PMF)from March 2012 to December 2015 were enrolled in the BCR/ABL1-CMPD, while 124 cases of secondary thrombocythemia and 73 cases of secondary polycythemia were enrolled in the control group. The genomic DNA and total RNA Were isolated from bone marrow or peripheral blood, then the exons 12 to 20 of JAK2 gene, exon 10 of MPL gene and exons 3 to 9 of CALR gene were analyzed by using DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>among 146 ET patients, the JAK2, CALR or MPL mutations were found in: 138 cases(94.5%)including 86 cases with JAK2V617F mutation(58.9%)and 2 cases(1.4%)with exon 12 of JAK2 mutations. CALR mutations were detected in 41 cases(28.1%), among them type 1(c.1092_1143del)in 22 cases, type 2(c.1154_1155insTTGTC)in 11 cases, and type 5(c. 1091_1142del), type 8(c.1104_1137del), type 41(c.1107_1137del), type 42(c.1125_1125del)in one case respectively. In addition, 4 cases were detected withother mutations of the CALR gene(c.1107_1115del, c.1111_1144 del, c.1101 A>C, c.1112_1117del). Moreover, 9 cases harbored MPL mutations(6.2%). Secondly, 31 patients were detected with JAK2V617F mutation(83.8%)in 37 cases of PV, and JAK2 exon 12 mutations were found in 2 cases(5.4%). Besides, CALR mutations were detected in 2 cases(5.4%), including 1 case of type I, the other of novel mutation of CALR. Thirdly, 19 in 25 cases of PMF were detected with JAK2V617F mutation(76%), 2 cases with CALR mutations(8%). 4 patients(16%), JAK2, CALR or MPL mutations were not detected, but among them 3 cases were found harboring other genetic abnormalities. Fourthly, no mutations of JAK2, MPL and CALR genes were detected in 124 patients with secondary thrombocytosis and 73 cases with secondary polycythemia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combined detection of JAK2, CALR and MPL gene mutations can cover the vast majority of patients with BCR/ABL1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms. For higher frequencies of the mutations of CALR in ET patients, CALR mutation can be used as a new diagnostic marker in ET patients with JAK2 and MPL wild type.</p>


Subject(s)
Calreticulin , Humans , Janus Kinase 2 , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Polycythemia Vera , Receptors, Thrombopoietin , Thrombocythemia, Essential
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733718

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigated the influence of different combined treatment sequence of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) and chemotherapy (CT) on the survival of very elderly patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer ( LAPC) .Methods The data of LAPC patients ≥60 years old treated by CyberKnife SBRT at Shanghai Changhai Hospital from January 2012 to December 2016 was retrospectively analyzed.According to treatment sequences , patients were divided into three groups:CT+SBRT group ( first chemotherapy and then SBRT ) , SBRT+CT group ( first SBRT and then chemotherapy ) and CT+SBRT+CT group ( first chemotherapy , then SBRT and finally chemotherapy ) .Patients were recommended to receive a 6-month chemotherapy .Intravenous administration of 1000 mg/m2 gemcitabine was initiated on day 1, 8, and 15 every 4 weeks or S-1 was orally given at a dose of 80 mg/m2 for 28 days followed by a 14-day rest , which repeated for 6 cycles.Radiotherapy parameters: the median total prescription dose was 36(30-45)Gy; the median per fraction dose was 7(5-9)Gy;the median number of fractions was 5(5-8) fractions;the median biological equivalent dose (BED10) were 61.92(48-85.5) Gy, respectively.The interval between SBRT and chemotherapy ranged from 2 to 3 weeks.Patients were followed every 3 months.The main outcome measures were overall survival ( OS) and median progression free survival ( PFS) .Second outcome measure was adverse events.Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0 (CTCAE 4.0) was employed to evaluate adverse events , and RTOG/EORTC was used to assess the adverse events of radiotherapy .Overall survival (OS) and PFS were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression model were used to analyze the independent risk factors .Results A total of 260 patients were enrolled in the study , including 28 patients treated with CT+SBRT, 163 patients undergoing SBRT +CT and 69 patients treated with CT+SBRT+CT.The median OS and PFS were 13.2(95%CI 12.8-13.6)months and 8.2(95%CI 7.7-8.7)months, respectively.OS in CT +SBRT, SBRT +CT and CT +SBRT +CT group was 12.2 (10.9-13.9),13.4 ( 12.9-13.9 ) and 13.1 ( 12.7-13.5 ) months, and the differences were not statistically significant(P=0.425).PFS in CT+SBRT, SBRT+CT and CT+SBRT+CT group was 6.4(5.9-6.9), 8.3(7.8-8.8) and 8.2(7.2-9.2)months, and the differences were statistically significant (P=0.008).In univariate analysis , ECOG, SIRI, the extent of decreased CA 19-9 after treatment and BED 10 were important factors of OS.In multivariate analysis, the CA19-9 response and BED10 were independent factors for OS . Multivariate analysis showed that the extent of decreased CA 19-9 after treatment and BED 10 were important factors of OS.In CT+SBRT group, patients had lower ECOG score (χ2 =115.325,P<0.001) and earlier clinical staging (χ2 =24.788, P<0.001 ).In SBRT +CT group, patients had advanced staging (χ2 =159.759,P<0.001) and lymph node metastasis(χ2 =40.925,P<0.001).Only 1 patient experienced grade 3 radiotherapy associated duodenitis .The adverse events of patients who were first treated by chemotherapy included grade 3 neutropenia in 4 patients and grade 3 gastrointestinal reaction in 5 patients.The adverse events of patients who were first treated by radiotherapy included grade 3 neutropenia or/and leucopenia in 18 patients and grade 3 abdominal pain, nausea or vomit in 16 patients.The adverse events of CT +SBRT+CT patients included grade 3 neutropenia or/and leucopenia in 4 patients and grade 3 abdominal pain or nausea in 5 patients.There was no grade ≥4 adverse events.Conclusions For very elderly patients with LAPC , the survival of patients who received pre-SBRT chemotherapy , post-SBRT chemotherapy and pre-and post-SBRT chemotherapy was comparable , but SBRT+CT group and CT +SBRT+CT group had longer PFS than CT +SBRT group.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660425

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of depression on loneliness in medical students',and the mediating effects of introverted personality and social support.Methods EPQ,UCLA,SSRS,and POMS questionnaire were used,and surveyed data was collected from Dalian Medical University medical students.Results The scores of depressive mood,introverted personality,social support and loneliness were (17.77±4.45),(11.97±5.21),(34.52±6.15) and (38.02±6.36).Depression was positively related to loneliness and introverted personality (r=0.286,0.508,P<0.01),and social support was negatively related to loneliness (r =-0.443,P<0.01).Introverted personality was positively related to loneliness(r=0.401,P<0.01).The total effect value was 0.670.The mediating effect of introversion as mediator variable was 0.221,accounting for 33% of the total effect.Social support as intermediary variable,intermediary effect value was 0.449,accounting for 67% of the total effect.Standard value of mediating effect between depression and introverted personality showed as 0.508 (95%CI=0.475-0.725,P<0.0i),standard value of mediating effect between depression and social support showed as-0.150 (95%CI=0.989-1.469,P<0.01),introverted personality was the mediating variant of depression and loneliness,standard value of mediating effect was 0.156 (95% CI=0.080-0.232,P<0.01),social support was the mediating variant of depression and loneliness,standard value of mediating effect was 0.317 (95% CI=0.177-0.457,P<0.01).Conclusions Introverted personality and social support play an intermediary role between depression and loneliness.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657904

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of depression on loneliness in medical students',and the mediating effects of introverted personality and social support.Methods EPQ,UCLA,SSRS,and POMS questionnaire were used,and surveyed data was collected from Dalian Medical University medical students.Results The scores of depressive mood,introverted personality,social support and loneliness were (17.77±4.45),(11.97±5.21),(34.52±6.15) and (38.02±6.36).Depression was positively related to loneliness and introverted personality (r=0.286,0.508,P<0.01),and social support was negatively related to loneliness (r =-0.443,P<0.01).Introverted personality was positively related to loneliness(r=0.401,P<0.01).The total effect value was 0.670.The mediating effect of introversion as mediator variable was 0.221,accounting for 33% of the total effect.Social support as intermediary variable,intermediary effect value was 0.449,accounting for 67% of the total effect.Standard value of mediating effect between depression and introverted personality showed as 0.508 (95%CI=0.475-0.725,P<0.0i),standard value of mediating effect between depression and social support showed as-0.150 (95%CI=0.989-1.469,P<0.01),introverted personality was the mediating variant of depression and loneliness,standard value of mediating effect was 0.156 (95% CI=0.080-0.232,P<0.01),social support was the mediating variant of depression and loneliness,standard value of mediating effect was 0.317 (95% CI=0.177-0.457,P<0.01).Conclusions Introverted personality and social support play an intermediary role between depression and loneliness.

15.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2303-2307, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617126

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between Q-1 and T1 locus polymorphism in ADAM33 gene and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Han population in northern Guizhou by detecting Q-1 and T1 locus polymorphism in ADAM33 gene in patients with COPD in the distribution of frequency ,provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of COPD. Methods Polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing tech-nology,electrophoresis separation method were applied to detect Q-1 and T1 locus polymorphism in ADAM33 gene. Results The genotype distribution of Q-1 and T1 locus in the case group and the control group of ADAM33 gene were in accordance with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium law and ADAM33 gene Q-1,T1 locus were C and T alleles. There was no significant difference in genotype and allele frequency distribution between the case group with control group,and COPD complicated with chronic respiratory failure(COPD)and hypoxemia(P > 0.05). T1(83 bp,112 bp)at a high probability of two heterozygous in the same samples(18/19),and is located in the encoding region. Conclusion No association was found between Q-1,T1 locus polymorphism in ADAM33 gene and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Han population in northern Guizhou.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513052

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of indoor coal PM2.5 on the airway inflammation and the pathological morphology alterations of lung tissue in asthmatic rats induced by ovalbumin(OVA). Methods Forty six?week?old male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups(Control,OVA,PM2.5,PM2.5+OVA). Normal saline,OVA(15μg/mL)and(or)PM2.5(2.5 mg/mL)were given to rats in the four groups through intratracheal instillation for four times (two weeks one time),respectively. Twenty?four hours after the last intratracheal instillation ,bronchoalveolar irrigation lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for determinations of serum interleukin 4(IL?4),interferon gamma (IFN?γ). The lung tissue was collected for HE staining and electron microscopy detection. Results HE staining showed less inflammatory cell infiltration was observed in the control group;In PM2.5 group and OVA group,there was medium quantity of inflammatory cell infiltration,In PM2.5+OVA group, severe inflammatory cell infiltration was observed. Electron microscopy showed no abnormal lung tissue in the control group,but organelles were gradually destroyed,endothelial cell edama,alveolar interval with a large number of fibersin were observed in PM2.5 group. The exfoliated cells,local typeⅡ cells with visible damage were found in OVA group. A large number of fibers were existed among the lung tissues and organelles were destroyed,thickness of basement membrane was non?uniform,and blood air barrier structure was not clear in PM2.5 + OVA group. Compared with PM2.5+OVA group,concentration of IL?4 in PM2.5,OVA and the control group was siganificantly different(P < 0.05). A negative correlation between IL?4 and IFN?γ was observed (r =-0.358,P < 0.05). Conclusion Indoor coal PM2.5 exacerbates the airway inflammatory cell infiltration and airway remodeling in OVA?induced asthmatic rats.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1180-1182, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637813

ABSTRACT

?AIM:To investigate and analyze diabetic retinopathy ( DR) in patients with type 2 diabetes in local community and risk factors of type 2 diabetic retinopathy, and to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of diabetic.?METHODS:Randomly 268 cases with type 2 diabetes from community health management files from January to March 2015 were selected. Fundus photography was read through the remote reading system, demographic data and laboratory indexes of DR were analyzed.?RESULTS:In the 268 cases with type 2 diabetes, 85 cases were diagnosed as DR ( 31. 7%); there were statistical difference on gender, duration, systolic blood pressure, fasting glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c, urine creatinine between patients with DR and without ( P<0. 05 ). Multivariable Logistic regression analysis showed, duration, systolic blood pressure, fasting glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c were independent risk factors of DR(P<0. 05).?CONCLUSION:Long duration, high blood pressure, high blood glucose are main risk factors of DR, we should strengthen the monitoring of blood pressure, blood glucose and prevent the happening of the DR.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360018

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of cytogenetic analysis in the detection of bone marrow (BM) involvement in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The bone marrow samples of 74 patients with NHL were detection by using morphology, cytogenetic test, flow cytometry and molecular biological assay. The detected results of morphology, cytogenetic test, flow cytometry and molecular biological assay alone and thier combined detection were compared, the detective rate and consistencies of the 4 methods were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The detection rates of BM involvement by using morphology, cytogenetic, flow cytometry, and molecular biological assays were 21.6%, 17.6%, 23.0% and 33.8% respectively. The detective rate was enhanced to 44.6% by combining the 4 methods. Cytogenetic test showed the result consistent with the other methods.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Although cytogenetic test shows a lower detective rate than the other methods, but in some patients the cytogenetic test can detect the abnormality of bone marrow which can not be detected by other methods alone, the combination test of 4 detection methods can enhance the detectable rate of BM involvement.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Pathology , Bone Marrow Examination , Cytogenetic Analysis , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Diagnosis , Genetics
19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2815-2817, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe clinical efficacy and safety of Xiaoaiping injection with rectum administration combined with conventional chemotherapy in the treatment of epithelial ovarian tumor. METHODS:60 patients diagnosed as epithelial ovari-an tumor were divided into observation group and control group according to the actual order,with 30 cases in each group. AU pa-tients received TC chemotherapy,4-6 cycles in total;And patients in control group received TC chemotherapy for 3 weeks,i.e. pa-clitaxel 175 mg/m2,3 h,i.v.+carboplatin AUC=5-7.5,1 h,i.v.. Based on this,observation group was additionally given Xiaoaip-ing injection with rectum administration,20-30 ml each time,once a day,2 weeks as a treatment course. Clinical effective rate, 1-year progression-free survival rate and median progression free survival and the incidence of adverse events were compared be-tween 2 groups. RESULTS:Effective rate of observation group was 83.33%,and higher than that of control group (53.33%);there was statistically significant difference (χ2=13.20,P<0.05);1-year progression-free survival rate of observation group was 86.67%,and median progression free survival was 11.3 months;those of control group were 63.33% and 7.2 months;there was statistically significant difference between 2 groups (P<0.01 or P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of ADR between 2 groups(χ2=0.53,P=0.47). CONCLUSIONS:Xiaoaiping injection with rectum administration combined with con-ventional chemotherapy in the treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer show good curative effect and safety,high 1-year progres-sion-free survival rate and long median progression-free survival.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 237-241, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321462

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome is an autosomal dominant familial cancer syndrome predisposing the affected individuals to multiple tumours in various organs. The genetic basis of VHL in Southern Chinese is largely unknown. In this study, we characterized the mutation spectrum of VHL in nine unrelated Southern Chinese families.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nine probands with clinical features of VHL, two symptomatic and eight asymptomatic family members were included in this study. Prenatal diagnosis was performed twice for one proband. Two probands had only isolated bilateral phaeochromocytoma. The VHL gene was screened for mutations by polymerase chain reaction, direct sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The nine probands and the two symptomatic family members carried heterozygous germline mutations. Eight different VHL mutations were identified in the nine probands. One splicing mutation, NM_000551.2: c.463+1G > T, was novel. The other seven VHL mutations, c.233A > G [p.Asn78Ser], c.239G > T [p.Ser80Ile], c.319C > G [p.Arg107Gly], c.481C > T [p.Arg161X], c.482G > A [p.Arg161Gln], c.499C > T [p.Arg167Trp] and an exon 2 deletion, had been previously reported. Three asymptomatic family members were positive for the mutation and the other five tested negative. In prenatal diagnosis, the fetuses were positive for the mutation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Genetic analysis could accurately confirm VHL syndrome in patients with isolated tumours such as sporadic phaeochromocytoma or epididymal papillary cystadenoma. Mutation detection in asymptomatic family members allows regular tumour surveillance and early intervention to improve their prognosis. DNA-based diagnosis can have an important impact on clinical management for VHL families.</p>


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , DNA Mutational Analysis , Humans , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein , Genetics , von Hippel-Lindau Disease , Genetics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL