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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 773-778, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965638

ABSTRACT

In this study, we established a novel bioassay to determine the activity of polyethylene glycolated recombinant human growth hormone (PEG-rhGH) using Nb2-11 cells. We performed experimental condition optimization and methodological verification, and then detected the relative potency of PEG-rhGH products using this method. We demonstrated that the bioactivity of PEG-rhGH in promoting Nb2-11 cell proliferation displays a dose-response relationship, which conformed to the four-parameter model. Using PEG-rhGH reference as a control, we analyzed the relative potency of six batches of PEG-rhGH products, as well as linearity, regression and parallelism of the obtained curves. The relative potency of six batches of PEG-rhGH products was 95% to 105%. These results implied that the new bioassay established may be employed in quality control of PEG-rhGH products.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 760-766, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965633

ABSTRACT

The goal of this work was to explore the prospect of standardized application of an in-vitro bioactivity assay for recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone based on a reporter gene. The relative accuracy, intermediate precision, linearity and applicable range of the method were validated according to the General Rules of Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2020 edition Volume IV (9401). Three laboratories used this method to determine the in-vitro biological activities of six batches of drug product and three batches of drug substance manufactured by two different companies. The consistency of the potency determined by three laboratories, the intra-laboratory precision and inter-laboratory precision were analyzed. The method was optimized during the collaborative validation. The results of method validation meet the requirements of the General Rules of Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2020 edition Volume IV (9401). Aiming to resolve the problems found in the collaborative validation, the medium for cell seeding, the pre-diluted buffer solution of standard and sample, and the means of removing and discarding supernatant after stimulation were optimized. After optimization, there was no significant difference in the bioactivity among the different laboratories (P > 0.05), indicating statistical equivalency. Intra-laboratory and inter-laboratory precision were good and the geometric coefficient of variation (GCV%) were both less than 15%. In conclusion, the reporter gene assay has good intra-laboratory repeatability and inter-laboratory reproducibility and is suitable for analyzing recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone drug product and drug substance by different manufacturers. It is expected to be used as a standardized method for the determination of the in-vitro bioactivity of such products.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 480-485, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994732

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the long-term follow-up results and the risk factors of bleeding among very elderly patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).Methods:A total of 177 patients with NVAF admitted in Beijing Hospital from January 2016 to July 2016 were enrolled in the study, including 107 very elderly patients (aged≥80 years) and 70 elderly patients (aged 65-80 years). The demographic information, comorbid diseases, lifestyles, antithrombotic therapy, thromboembolism risks, bleeding risks, and medical history were documented. Patients were followed up for 5 years and the events of death, thromboembolism, bleeding and major bleeding were recorded.Results:There was no significant difference in the incidence of thromboembolic events between the two groups (15.9%(17/107) vs. 14.3%(10/70), P>0.05). The proportions of bleeding events and severe bleeding events in the very elderly group were higher than those in the elderly group (45.8%(49/107) vs.10.0%(7/70), 14.0%(15/107) vs. 1.4%(1/70), both P<0.05). According to the bleeding events during follow-up, very elderly patients were divided into bleeding group ( n=49) and non-bleeding group ( n=58). Compared with the non-bleeding group, patients in the bleeding group had an older age, a higher proportion of chronic cardiac insufficiency, chronic kidney disease, malignant tumor, bleeding history and higher bleeding risk score (HAS-BLED score) (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that age, HAS-BLED score, history of bleeding, and complicated malignant tumor were independent risk factors for bleeding events in very elderly patients with NVAF (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Very elderly patients with NVAF have a similar risk of thromboembolism compared with the younger elderly, but have significantly higher risk of the bleeding and major bleeding. Age, HAS-BLED score, bleeding history, and malignant tumor are independent risk factors for bleeding events in very elderly NVAF patients.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 49-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959019

ABSTRACT

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) could pump the blood from human veins to the outside of the body, oxygenate the red blood cells in an artificial environment and then return them back into the body. ECMO could replace the heart and lungs to complete gas exchange and systemic blood perfusion in patients with severe cardiopulmonary insufficiency, which also plays an important role in the field of heart transplantation. Besides circulatory support treatment after heart transplantation, ECMO may also be used to prolong the waiting time for heart transplantation in patients with respiratory and circulatory failure before operation, as a bridging therapy for heart transplantation. However, at present, the application of ECMO in pediatric heart transplantation still exist challenges, such as high perioperative mortality and difficulty in determining the timing of treatment, etc. In this article, the development history of ECMO application in pediatric heart transplantation, use of ECMO before and after pediatric heart transplantation, ECMO-related complications in children, and application of ventricular assist device (VAD) in pediatric heart transplantation were briefly reviewed, aiming to provide reference for promoting the application of ECMO in pediatric heart transplantation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 54-56, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970712

ABSTRACT

Lime sulfur is a common bactericide with strong alkalinity, and is highly corrosive to humans and animals. It is rare for lime sulfur poisoning clinically. This article discusses the clinical manifestations of a patient who was poisoned by oral lime sulfur. After the poisoning, the mucosa of the lips and pharynx broke, fever, and pulmonary inflammation quickly appeared. The pulmonary CT showed slight interstitial changes in both lungs. Through high flow oxygen inhalation, fluid infusion, drainage, maintenance of water and electrolyte balance, protection of important organ functions, and other symptomatic support and treatment, as well as control of blood pressure, blood sugar, maintenance of circulatory function and other targeted measures, the patient's condition gradually improved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Calcium Compounds , Sulfides , Poisoning
6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 317-320, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933454

ABSTRACT

To analyze the mediating role of anxiety and depression in perceived social support and fatigue in ICU patients′ families, and to provide a theoretical evidence for alleviating their fatigue status. A total of 223 family members of ICU patients who received treatment at the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University from October 2020 to April 2021 were selected as the study subjects. The general data questionnaire, perceived social support scale (PSSS), generalized anxiety disorder scale (GAD-7), patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9) and fatigue assessment instrument (FAI) were used to conduct a survey. Among 223 family members of ICU patients, 155(69.51%) had fatigue problems. There were statistically significant differences in total fatigue scores of ICU patients′ family members in terms of gender, age, education level, relationship with patients, residence, payment method and per capita monthly income ( P<0.05). Anxiety, depression and fatigue were negatively correlated with perceived social support ( r are -0.353, -0.276 and -0.416, respectively, all P<0.01). Depression and fatigue were positively correlated with anxiety ( r are 0.808 and 0.703, respectively, all P<0.01), and fatigue was also positively correlated with depression ( r= 0.665, P<0.01). Anxiety and depression had a partial mediating effect on perceived social support and fatigue, and the total indirect effect size was 52.64%. Comprehensive intervention on the level of social support, anxiety and depression is helpful to improve the fatigue status of ICU patients′ family members.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 22-26, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932891

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an approach for the automatic diagnosis of bone metastasis and to design a parameter of quantitative evaluation for tumor burden on bone scans based on deep learning technology.Methods:A total of 621 cases (389 males, 232 females, age: 12-93 years) of bone scan images from the Department of Nuclear Medicine in Tenth People′s Hospital of Tongji University from March 2018 to July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Images were divided into bone metastasis group and non-bone metastasis group. Eighty percent of the cases were randomly extracted from both groups as the training set, and the rest of cases were used as the test set. A deep residual convolutional neural network ResNet34 was used to construct the classification model and the segmentation model. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were calculated and the performance differences of the classification model in different age groups (15 cases of <50 years, 75 cases of ≥50 and <70 years, 33 cases of ≥70 years) were analyzed. The regions of metastatic bone lesions were automatically segmented by the segmentation model. The Dice coefficient was used to evaluate the effect of the segmentation model and the manual labeled results. Finally, the bone scans tumor burden index (BSTBI) was calculated to assess the tumor burden of bone metastases.Results:There were 280 cases with bone metastases and 341 cases with non-bone metastases, including 498 in training set and 123 in test set. The classification model could accurately identify bone metastases, with the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 92.59%(50/54), 85.51%(59/69) and 88.62%(109/123), respectively, and it performed best in the <50 years group (sensitivity, 2/2; specificity, 12/13; accuracy, 14/15). The specificity in the ≥70 years group (8/12) was the lowest. The Dice coefficient of bone metastatic area and bladder area were 0.739 and 0.925 in the segmentation model, which performed similarly in the three age groups. Preliminary results showed that the value of BSTBI increased with the increase of the number of bone metastatic lesions and the degree of 99Tc m-MDP uptake. The machine learning model in this study took (0.48±0.07) s for the entire analysis process from input to the final BSTBI calculation. Conclusions:The deep learning based on automatic diagnosis framework for bone metastases can automatically and accurately identify segment bone metastases and calculate tumor burden. It provides a new way for the interpretation of bone scans. The proposed BSTBI may be used as a quantitative evaluation indicator in the future to assess the tumor burden of bone metastases based on bone scans.

8.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 423-426, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953982

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the understanding of the diagnosis and treatment of early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ETP-ALL).Methods:The clinical data of a patient with ETP-ALL who was misdiagnosed as peripheral T-cell lymphoma-not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) admitted to the Second Hospital of Lanzhou University in October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and the relevant literature was reviewed.Results:The patient who presented "inguinal lymphadenopathy" as the first symptom underwent lymph node biopsy and pathological examination at local hospital, and he was diagnosed as PTCL-NOS according to the consultation of another 2 hospitals. After 2 courses of chemotherapy (CHOPE regimen, GLD regimen, unknown specific medication and dosage), the therapeutic efficacy was poor. For further diagnosis and treatment, this patient came to Lanzhou University Second Hospital. Flow cytometry found blast cells in the bone marrow, and then other related examinations were completed, he was finally diagnosed as ETP-ALL. The chemotherapy regimens of Hyper-CVAD and EA were alternatively used, progressive disease (PD) occurred after 3 courses of treatment, and chidamide was added in the 4th and 5th courses of treatment, the disease still progressed, and the patient died after follow-up. The disease course of the patient was about 12 months.Conclusions:ETP-ALL has unique immunophenotypic characteristics. ETP-ALL patients have a low remission rate after conventional induction therapy, high recurrence rate and poor prognosis. Currently, there is no effective standard treatment regimen, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or timely addition of new drugs may improve the prognosis.

9.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1283-1285, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986665

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical efficacy of surgical operation combined with INTRABEAM intraoperative radiotherapy in the limb-sparing treatment of soft tissue sarcoma. Methods A retrospective study was performed on four patients with limb soft tissue sarcoma admitted from July 2020 to October 2021 who received limb sparing surgery combined with INTRABEAM intraoperative radiotherapy. The operation went smoothly without anesthesia or accident. Results All the four patients received follow-up, ranging from 6 to 22 months. One patient had local recurrence two months after the surgery, and the patient refused amputation and received chemotherapy and targeted therapy. One patient had pulmonary metastasis ten months after the surgery and underwent surgical resection. One recurrent patient had poor limb function, and the other three patients had normal limb function. Conclusion Surgical operation combined with INTRABEAM intraoperative radiotherapy can preserve limb function while improving local control and quality of life.

10.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 798-802, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958259

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and clinical significance of Beclin-1 and cytochromes C (CytC) in patients with hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD).Methods:Sixty children with HFMD were classified into two groups of severe group and common group with 30 cases in each group. Another thirty children who underwent circumcision and had no underlying disease were selected as control group. Serum Beclin-1, CytC and S100B levels were detected before and after treatment. The levels of Beclin-1 and CytC in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of children with severe HFMD were detected before and after treatment. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the prediction efficiency of Beclin-1 and CytC for the severity of HFMD.Results:Serum Beclin-1 and CytC levels in the severe group were higher than those in the other two groups ( P<0.01), and the common group showed significantly increased serum Beclin-1 and CytC levels as compared with the control group ( P<0.01). After treatment, the serum Beclin-1 and CytC levels decreased in both severe and common groups ( P<0.05). Compared with the common group, the severe group had remarkable increases in the levels of Beclin-1 and CytC in CSF ( P<0.01), which decreased significantly after treatment ( P<0.01). Serum Beclin-1 and CytC levels were positively correlated with the level of S100B protein. In the prediction of severe HFMD, serum CytC had the highest Youden value of 0.533 at the cut-off value of 38.785 ng/ml with a sensitivity of 56.67% and a specificity of 96.67%; serum Beclin-1 had the highest Youden value of 0.467 at the cut-off value of 6.560 ng/ml with a sensitivity of 46.67% and a specificity of 100.00%. Combined measurements of these two parameters had the highest predictive value for severe HFMD with a sensitivity of 76.67% and a specificity of 96.67%. Conclusions:Serum Beclin-1 and CytC levels were conducive to predict the severity and treatment outcomes of HFMD. Combined measurements of these two parameters had a higher predictive value for severe HFMD.

11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 294-297, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929776

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and possible causes of transient spontaneous remission of childhood acute leukemia.Methods:The data of 3 children with acute leukemia who had transient spontaneous remission before standardized chemotherapy in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University in July 2018, May 2019 and October 2020 were collected. Moreover, the related influencing factors of spontaneous remission in leukemia were discussed by review of the literature.Results:All 3 children had fever at the onset of the disease, and they achieved transient spontaneous remission after anti-infection therapy. Case 1 obtained partial remission after the initial diagnosis of acute B lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL), leukemia gene test showed E2A-PBX1 fusion, and relapsed after 12 days. Case 2 obtained spontaneous remission after the initial diagnosis of B-ALL, leukemia gene test showed p16 gene deletion and NRAS and EP300 genes mutation, and relapsed after 20 days. Case 3 obtained spontaneous remission after the initial diagnosis of acute monocytic leukemia, leukemia gene test showed MLL-ENL fusion and NRAS gene mutation, and relapsed after 30 days. A review of the literature showed that the main influencing factors of spontaneous remission in leukemia were Down syndrome, infection and blood transfusion. Other influencing factors included leukemia-related genes, termination of pregnancy and application of drugs.Conclusions:Transient spontaneous remission of childhood acute leukemia is rare in clinical practice, and the possible mechanism is related to infection-induced immune abnormalities. It is recommended that leukemia patients with spontaneous remission should be closely monitored for minimal residual disease.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 407-412, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935554

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate immunohistochemical patterns of CXorf67 and H3K27me3 proteins in central nervous system germ cell tumors (GCTs) and to assess their values in both diagnosis and differential diagnosis. Methods: A total of 370 cases of central nervous system GCTs were collected from 2013 to 2020 at Huashan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. The expression of CXorf67, H3K27me3 and commonly-used GCT markers including OCT4, PLAP, CD117, D2-40, and CD30 by immunohistochemistry (EnVision method) was examined in different subtypes of central nervous system GCTs. The sensitivity and specificity of each marker were compared by contingency table and area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: Of the 370 cases there were 282 males and 88 females with a mean age of 19 years and a median age of 17 years (range, 2-57 years). Among the GCTs with germinoma, the proportions of male patients and the patients with GCT located in sellar region were both higher than those of GCTs without germinoma (P<0.05), respectively. CXorf67 was present in the nuclei of germinoma and normal germ cells, but not in other subtypes of GCT. H3K27me3 was negative in germinoma, but positive in the nuclei of surrounding normal cells and GCTs other than germinoma. In the 283 GCTs with germinoma components, the expression rate of CXorf67 was 90.5% (256/283), but no cases were positive for H3K27me3. There was also an inverse correlation between them (r2=-0.831, P<0.01). The expression rates of PLAP, OCT4, CD117 and D2-40 were 81.2% (231/283), 89.4% (253/283), 73.9% (209/283) and 88.3% (250/283), respectively. In 63 mixed GCTs with germinoma components, the expression rate of CXorf67 was 84.1% (53/63), while all cases were negative for H3K27me3. The expression rates of PLAP, OCT4, CD117 and D2-40 were 79.4% (50/63), 79.4% (50/63), 66.7% (42/63) and 87.3% (55/63), respectively. The 6 markers with largest area under ROC curve in ranking order were H3K27me3, CXorf67, D2-40, OCT4, PLAP and CD117 (P<0.05). Conclusions: CXorf67 and H3K27me3 have high sensitivity and high specificity in diagnosing germinoma. There is a significant inverse correlation between them. Therefore, they can both be used as new specific immunohistochemical markers for the diagnosis of GCTs.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Central Nervous System/pathology , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/metabolism , China , Germinoma/pathology , Histones , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/diagnosis , Oncogene Proteins , Transcription Factors/metabolism
13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1415-1419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906571

ABSTRACT

@#In recent years, the number of interventions for valvular heart disease has been increasing day by day, and it has become a hot topic in the field of cardiovascular surgery. Given the aging global population and trends in the prevalence of valvular disease and the broadening of indications for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), a breakthrough of 130 000 TAVR procedures is expected by 2026. In the new technology development period, the development potential and technical advantages of heart valve interventional therapy should be faced squarely. This paper focuses on key issues such as comparison of outcomes after TAVR versus surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), prosthetic valve endocarditis after TAVR, and broadening of indications for TAVR, as well as recommendations on how surgeons face the era of TAVR. We hope that this article will help and attract the attention of cardiac surgeons.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 705-711, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911893

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rituximab in the treatment of adult primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS).Methods:Adult FSGS patients treated with rituximab in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University College of Medicine were retrospectively enrolled. One or two doses of rituximab (375 mg/m 2) were used aiming to achieve B cell depletion (defined as<5 B cells per microliter in peripheral blood) and the interval between the two doses was 2 weeks. The evaluated major outcomes were remission and relapse of nephropathy, and the secondary outcome measures were adverse events and renal outcomes. Results:A total of 14 patients (9 males) were enrolled, among whom 7 cases were steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) or frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS), 6 cases were steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) and one patient was new onset FSGS with contraindication to steroid. After treatment with rituximab, 7 patients with SDNS/FRNS achieved complete remission. At 6 months, the daily oral steroid dose reduced significantly compared with the baseline [(33.3±5.2) mg/d vs (6.7±6.6) mg/d, P<0.01]; while one patient still received tacrolimus 1.0 mg/d, the other 6 patients stopped using immunosuppressants; and the total number of relapse/total follow-up months decreased from 0.257 times/month to 0.058 times/month after the use of rituximab. For the other 6 SRNS patients and one patient with contraindication to steroid, three SRNS patients achieved partial remission and one patient with contraindication to steroid achieved complete remission at 34.50(20.25, 95.25) days after use of rituximab, and the other 3 SRNS patients failed to achieve remission, of whom one patient developed end stage renal disease at 23 months. Conclusions:Rituximab may reduce the risk of relapse and help steroid or immunosuppressant-tapering in adult steroid-dependent/frequently relapsing idiopathic FSGS. However, it is not effective in SRNS patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 655-661, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911891

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prognostic factor of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) maturation and provide the theoretical basis for the hemodialysis patients' AVF surgery.Methods:Retrospective investigation was conducted on patients that underwent AVF surgery in Wuhan Central Hospital from January 2017 to June 2019 as study subjects to investigate the prognostic factor of AVF maturation. The general information, hematological indicators, preoperative and postoperative ultrasound data of patients were recorded. Patients were divided into mature group and immature group according to the physical examination status, functional status and postoperative color doppler ultrasound data after AVF surgery, and the differences between the two groups were compared. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the prognostic factors of AVF maturation, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of each factor for AVF maturation.Results:A total of 164 patients were included, including 110 patients in the mature group and 54 patients in the immature group. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in surgical vein diameter, surgical artery diameter, brachial artery flow, cardiac ejection fractions, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and history of diabetes (all P<0.05), while there were no statistically significant differences in other indicators such as gender, age, etc. Logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative surgical artery diameter (every increase by 0.1 mm, OR=1.402, 95% CI 1.159-1.697, P=0.001), surgical vein diameter (every increase by 0.1 mm, OR=1.341, 95% CI 1.176-1.528, P<0.001), cardiac ejection fraction (every increase by 5%, OR=1.184, 95% CI 1.087-1.289, P<0.001), systolic blood pressure (every increase by 10 mmHg, OR=1.407, 95% CI 1.103-1.796, P=0.006), brachial artery flow (every increase by 10 ml/min, OR=1.047, 95% CI 1.004-1.091, P=0.034) and history of diabetes ( OR=0.271, 95% CI 0.103-0.715, P=0.008) were the independent influencing factors for AVF maturation. ROC curve showed that preoperative surgical artery diameter ( AUC=0.728, 95% CI 0.643-0.839, P<0.001), surgical vein diameter ( AUC=0.762, 95% CI 0.686-0.839, P<0.001), cardiac ejection fraction ( AUC=0.711, 95% CI 0.626-0.796, P<0.001) were the important indicators for predicting AVF maturation. Conclusions:Preoperative surgical artery diameter, surgical vein diameter, cardiac ejection fraction and diabetes mellitus are the prognostic factors of AVF maturation. In preoperative vascular assessment, attention should be paid to the diameter of target arteries and veins, as well as to the cardiac function and diabetes mellitus of patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 711-716, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910031

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlations of α-melanocyte stimulating hormone ( α-MSH) levels in serum and synovial fluid with progression of primary knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 96 patients who had been diagnosed as primary KOA at Department of Orthopedics, The First Hospital of Huizhou from October 2018 to October 2019. Radiographic severity of KOA was determined by Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grades; α-MSH levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Levels of pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 β (IL-1 β) and matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) were also detected. Another 64 patients with patellar dislocation, matched in age and gender, were enrolled as controls. The Numeric Pain Scale (NPS) and revised Oxford Knee Score (OKS) were employed to evaluate their symptomatic severity. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve was used to compare α-MSH, IL-1 β and MMP-3 with regard to their diagnostic values in the K-L grading. Results:There were no statistically significant difference in age, gender and body mass index between the 2 groups, showing they were comparable ( P> 0.05). The α-MSH levels in synovial fluid were significantly lower in the KOA patients than in the controls [(16.9±3.8) pg/mL versus (18.8±2.7) pg/mL] ( P<0.001); there were no significant differences between the KOA patients and the controls in the serum α-MSH levels [(24.9±1.8) pg/mL versus (24.8±1.7) pg/mL] ( P>0.05). The α-MSH levels in synovial fluid were negatively correlated with K-L grades ( r=-0.382, P<0.001) and negatively correlated with NPS ( r=-0.382, P<0.001) but positively correlated with OKS ( r=0.339, P<0.001). Moreover, the α-MSH levels in synovial fluid were negatively correlated with the IL-1 β levels in synovial fluid ( r=-0.483, P<0.001) and with the MMP-3 levels in synovial fluid ( r=-0.336, P< 0.001). Conclusions:The level of serum α-MSH may not be correlated with the progression of KOA but the synovial fluid α-MSH is negatively correlated with the progression of KOA. Therefore, the expression level of α-MSH in joint synovial fluid can be used as a potential biomarker for assessment of severity of knee osteoarthritis.

17.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 296-301, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the trend of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) resistance to clarithromycin and levofloxacin and to provide guidance for Hp eradication therapy. Methods:From January 2014 to December 2018, a total of 66 515 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms were enrolled in the First People's Hospital of Wenling. The patients were divided into the following groups: childhood (0 to 6 years old); juvenile (7 to 17 years old); youth (18 to 40 years old),middle age (41 to 65 years old),and old age (≥66 years old). All patients received gastroscopy, gastric mucosal biopsy, Hp culture and drug sensitivity test of clarithromycin and levofloxacin. Results:The Hp positive rate showed a significant downward trend in 2016, 2017 and 2018 (χ2=14.317, 47.079, 88.054, all P<0.05). The average resistance rate of Hp to clarithromycin from 2014 to 2018 was 22.72% (4 732/20 831) showing an increasing trend, but the increase was slower after 2017. The average resistance rate to levofloxacin was 30.55% (6 364/20 831), and the overall trend showed a sharp rise from 2015 to 2017 (χ2=38.383, 49.569, both P<0.05), and a significant decline was detected after 2017 (χ2=18.841, P<0.05). The resistance rate of Hp to levofloxacin in patients increased with age. The clarithromycin resistance rate first decreased and then increased with age, and the resistance rate in old age (32.52%, 763/2 346) was higher than that in youth (22.09%, 1 086/4 916) and middle age patients (21.21%, 2 854/13 458), and the differences were significant (χ2=991.071, 144.968, both P<0.05). The resistance rate of Hp rose from 12.73% (14/110) in juvenile to 43.31% (1 016/2 346) in old age (χ2=228.867, P<0.05). Conclusion:In recent years, the positive rate of Hp infection in Wenling area has a decreasing trend. Although the resistance rate of Hp to clarithromycin and levofloxacin has been rising slowly or decreasing, it is still at a high level. In the selection of Hp eradication program, the differences between patients in different age groups should be considered with particular attention on the minors.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 135-140, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905074

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss clinical effect of addition and subtraction therapy of Ditantang combined with Taohong Siwutang to cerebral infarction and syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals during early recovery, and to study protection to brain nerve. Method:One hundred and fifty-two patients were randomly divided into control group (76 cases) and observation group (76 cases) by random number table, 71 patients in control group completed the therapy (5 patients were falling off, missing visit or eliminated), and 70 patients in observation group completed the therapy. Both groups' patients got comprehensive rehabilitation measures. Patients in control group got Zhongfeng Huichun pills, 1.5 g/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group got addition and subtraction therapy of Ditantang combined with Taohong Siwutang in the morning and at night, 1 dose/day. The treatment was continued for 12 weeks. Before and after treatment, scores of degree of neurological deficit, Barthel (BI) index, Fugl-Meyer scale (FMA), modified Rankin scale (MRS) and syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals were graded. And levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neuron specific enolase (NSE). And cerebral hemodynamics were detected, and peak flow velocity (VS), vascular resistance index (RI), pulsatility index (PI) and cerebrovascular reserve function (CVR) were recorded. Safety was evaluated. Result:After the 6th week and 12th week of treatment, scores of degree of neurological deficit, BI, FMA, MRS, syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals, AOPP, MDA, NSE, RI and PI were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), levels of SOD, GSH-Px, BDNF, VEGF, Vs and CVR were higher than those in control group (P<0.01). The clinical effect was better than which in control group (Z=2.109, P<0.05). Besides, there was no adverse reaction caused by Ditantang combined with Taohong Siwutang. Conclusion:Ditantang combined with Taohong Siwutang can ameliarate the hemodynamics, reduce the lipid peroxidation damage, regulate the neurovascular repair factor, so it can promote the repair of nerve tissue and function, clinically reduce the degree of nerve function defect, improve the ability of daily life and exercise when it used to cerebral infarction and syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals during early recovery, and it is good for clinical effect and safe using.

19.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 500-504, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888778

ABSTRACT

Two new lignan glucosides, tinsinlignans A and B (1 and 2), two new oxyneolignans, tinsinlignans C and D (3 and 4), along with one known analogue (5), were isolated from the stems of Tinospora sinensis. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated based on analysis of spectroscopic data, and the absolute configuration of 1 was determined through electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculation based on the time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT). Compounds 1-4 were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in murine RAW264.7 macrophage cells and compounds 1 and 2 exhibited moderate inhibitory activities with IC


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Glucosides/pharmacology , Lignans/pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides , Molecular Structure , Nitric Oxide , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Tinospora/chemistry
20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 43-47, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885399

ABSTRACT

Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) is a slowly progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by eosinophilic hyaline intranuclear inclusions in the central and peripheral nervous system, and also in the visceral organs. Although in recent years skin biopsy is useful for the antemortem diagnosis of this disease, it is often misdiagnosed due to its highly variable clinical manifestations. A case of NIID is reported here. The patient had a long course of disease, mainly presenting as dysfunction of autonomic nervous system. No significant cognitive impairment was found. Thus, a new idea is provided for the diagnosis of this disease.

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