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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 228-234, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873209

ABSTRACT

Chuanxiong Chatiaosan was first recorded in Taiping Huimin Heji Jufang, which was made up of 8 herbs, including Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Menthae Haplocalycis Herba, Asari Radix et Rhizoma, Schizonepetae Herba, Saposhnikoviae Radix, Angelicae Dahuricae Radix, Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. This prescription mainly contains a variety of alkaloids, flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, volatile oils and other compounds, which play the biological activity of promoting blood circulation and relieving pain. Modern pharmacological studies have confirmed that Chuanxiong Chatiaosan can reduce blood viscosity, improve cerebral circulation, and has central analgesic effect to treat migraine effectively. However, the mechanism for treating migraine of this prescription is still unclear. The author elaborated the research status of Chuanxiong Chatiaosan from four aspects, including quality control method, chemical composition, preparation technology and pharmacological research, hoping to provide references for rational clinical application and explanation of pharmacological mechanism of this prescription.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 145-150, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802247

ABSTRACT

Objective: Based on the color space technology of CIE-LAB,the color of vinegar-processed Corydalis Rhizoma decoction pieces was digitized,combining with the contents of 10 major alkaloids in the decoction pieces,to discuss the correlation between the color and contents of main ingredients of vinegar-processed Corydalis Rhizoma decoction pieces,and investigate the intrinsic quality difference in the decoction pieces with different color. Method: The precision colorimeter was used to determine the color parameters of vinegar-processed Corydalis Rhizoma decoction pieces;HPLC was employed to determine contents of main chemical components in the decoction pieces,which was performed on Agilent ZORBAX SB-C18 column(4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) with mobile phase of acetonitrile(A)-0.1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution(B) for gradient elution(0-10 min,5%-22%A;10-30 min,22%-25%A;30-50 min,25%-60%A;50-70 min,60%-95%A),detection wavelength of 280 nm,column temperature at 30℃ and flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1. Result: The quality of vinegar-processed Corydalis Rhizoma decoction pieces with different color was in line with the requirement of the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia,but there were differences in the intrinsic quality between the decoction pieces.The total content of chemical components in the samples showed a positive correlation with the a*(green-red axis) and total chromatic aberration value(ΔE) in the CIE-LAB color space, and it was significantly negative correlated with L*(lightness) and b*(blue-yellow axis).In the 10 tested components,except for D-tetrahydrojatrorrhizine and tetrahydrocoptisine,contents of protopine and other 6 components were positively correlated with color,and only the content of corydaline was negatively correlated with color. Conclusion: Color analysis technology can objectively quantify the color of the decoction pieces,and can achieve a quick evaluation of quality of the decoction pieces by analyzing correlation between the color and the contents of main active ingredients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 204-211, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801919

ABSTRACT

Bupleuri Radix is a traditional Chinese medicine commonly used in clinical practice, which has the effects of relieving fever, relieving liver and depression, and promoting Yangqi. At present, the varieties of Bupleuri Radix are relatively chaotic, and the processing in the production areas is relatively extensive. In the processing of Bupleuri Radix, the processed products contained in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia are raw products and vinegar-processed products. In addition, the specifications on Chinese medicine processing in various provinces and cities contain many processing methods, such as stir-frying with wine, stir-frying with honey, processed with turtle blood, etc. However, there are great differences in processing specifications among provinces and cities, and the processing methods lack clear process parameters, so the quality of Bupleuri Radix decoction pieces produced on these basis is uneven, which affects the clinical application of the decoction pieces. By consulting ancient books and relevant literature, the authors conduct textual research on the varieties of Bupleuri Radix, and systematically summarized the processing methods and processing methods in the producing area, so as to provide reference for the establishment of processing technology specifications and quality standards of Bupleuri Radix decoction pieces.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 226-234, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801755

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke is one of the diseases that seriously threaten human health. It is characterized by the high morbidity, disability rate and mortality, and has been lacking effective treatment. Its occurrence is related to metabolic disorder, calcium overload, free radical injury, inflammatory reaction, etc. Gardeniae Fructus not only has antipyretic, analgesic, hepatoprotective and cholagogic effects, but also has protective effects against ischemic brain injury. At present, there are more studies about the main components of Gardeniae Fructus against ischemic brain injury, but the mechanism is unclear. In this paper, the mechanism of the main active ingredients from Gardeniae Fructus in the treatment of cerebral ischemia injury in recent years was reviewed, and the effective component monomer and the whole were analyzed, so as to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment of ischemic brain injury of Gardeniae Fructus decoction pieces, and provide a reference for further research and application of this decoction pieces.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1814-1821, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773162

ABSTRACT

Commercially available japonica rice and indica rice with different trade names were collected,and then based on the method of rice stir-frying,their many indexes were evaluated,for example the physical and chemical properties such as appearance color,grain type,broken kernel ratio,length-width ratio,1 000-grain weight,specific heat capacity,moisture content,amylose content,and protein content. The discriminant function analysis was used to determine the effective factors affecting the quality of rice as excipients. The results showed that two types of rice could be distinguished by rice color parameter a*,grain parameter circularity,1 000-grain weight and amylose content. These four effective factors can be used as the quality evaluation indexes for fried rice as excipients.Protein is one of the main components of rice,and its content affects the quality of rice. There is a significant difference in the protein content between japonica rice and indica rice. Therefore,protein content should be used as one of the evaluation indexes for rice quality. After comprehensive consideration,it is suggested that the red-green value a*shall not be less than 0. 50; the circularity not less than 53. 0,the 1 000-grain weight not less than 16. 0 g,the amylose content not less than 12. 0% and the protein content not less than4. 0% in the japonica rice; the red-green value a*shall not be lower than-1. 0,the circularity not less than 41. 0,the 1 000-grain weight not less than 13. 0 g,the amylose content not less than 9. 0% and the protein content not less than 3. 5% in the indica rice. In this study,the quality evaluation standards for rice as excipients( japonica rice,indica rice) were supplemented and improved,laying foundation for the development of quality standards for rice as excipients with the rice stir-frying method.


Subject(s)
Amylose , Cooking , Excipients , Food Quality , Hot Temperature , Oryza , Chemistry
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2792-2798, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773258

ABSTRACT

In this experiment,the gradation analysis method was used to evaluate the quality of different pieces of Gardeniae Fructus through the extraction rate difference and the difference analysis of the main components in the extract. In this experiment cold-dip and hot-dip methods were used to compare the yield of Gardeniae Fructus extract and the content of chemical constituents with water,25%,50%,75% and 95% ethanol fractions. By weighted calculation,the optimal extraction method of Gardeniae Fructus was determined,and this was verified by practical application. RESULTS:: showed that for the water-soluble extract,cold dip method was better than the hot dip method; and for alcohol-soluble extract,75% ethanol under cold dip method was best. The verification results showed that water-soluble extracts under cold dip methods could be used to significantly distinguish the raw Gardeniae Fructus( GF) and processed( stir-baked) GF( GFP) collected from the market. Meanwhile,this method could be also used to distinguish the same batch of GF,GFP and carbonized GF( GFC) with significant differences,respectively( P<0. 05). Ethanol-soluble extract can be used to clearly distinguish GFP and GFC pieces in the same batch( P<0. 05). The results of content determination showed that the variation coefficient of components in GF processed products was higher than that in extracts,and the content of hydroxygeniposide was the most significant component between GF and its processed products. It is suggested that the method of water-soluble extract of GF and the determination of the content of gardoside should be combined together to evaluate the quality of GF and its heat processed products.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Chemistry , Gardenia , Chemistry , Plant Extracts
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1685-1692, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350127

ABSTRACT

The qualitative analysis method of ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was established for the chemical constituents in Sanhuang tablets. Waters ACQUITY BEH C₁₈ (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) column was used with 0.1% formic acid solution (A)-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution. The flow rate was 0.2 mL•min⁻¹; the sample volume was 1 μL and the column temperature was 30 ℃. The high-resolution quadrupole time-flight mass spectrometry was used as detector with electrospray ion source in both positive and negative models, and the dry gas temperature was 325 ℃. Based on the analysis of mass spectrometry and literature reports, 38 compounds were confirmed, including 1 alkaloid, 1 dianthrone compound, 6 tannins, 7 anthraquinone glycosides, 6 anthraquinones and 17 flavonoids. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method is simple, reliable and rapid to identify the chemical compositions of Sanhuang tablets, and it is helpful to reveal its chemical constituents and pharmacodynamic substances.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 24-27, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284750

ABSTRACT

To elucidate the key issues in the development and innovation of traditional Chinese medicine processing discipline and Chinese herbal pieces industry Chinese herbal pieces industry. According to the author's accumulated experience over years and demand of the development of the Chinese herbal pieces industry, the key issues in the development and innovation on the Chinese herbal pieces industry were summarized. According to the author, the traditional Chinese medicine processing discipline shall focus on a application basis research. The development of this discipline should be closely related to the development of Chinese herbal pieces. The traditional Chinese medicine processing discipline can be improved and its results can be transformed only if this discipline were correlated with the Chinese herbal pieces industry, matched with the development of the Chinese herbal pieces industry, and solved the problems in the development on the Chinese herbal pieces industry. The development of traditional Chinese medicine processing discipline and the Chinese herbal pieces industry also requires scientific researchers to make constant innovations, realize the specialty of the researches, and innovate based on inheritance.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1732-1737, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351275

ABSTRACT

Gardeniae Fructus contains volatile ingredients, however, the species and proportions in different processed products of Gardeniae Fructus are different. In this experiment, volatile ingredients were separated by steam distillation with content of 1.2, 1.0, 0.9, 0.7 µL · g(-1) in Gardeniae Fructus, fried Gardeniae Fructus, stir-baked Gardeniae Fructus, Gardeniae Fructus fried into carbon respectively. One hundred and twenty-four kinds of volatile components were identified by GC-MS. Fifty-three kinds of volatile ingredients consisted in Gardeniae Fructus accounting for 93.85%, 54 kinds in fried Cardeniae Fructus accounting for 92.01%, 32 kinds in stir-baked Cardeniae Fructus accounting for 91.59% and 43 kinds in Gardeniae Fructus fried into carbon accounting for 90.81%. In this paper, analysis of Gardeniae Fructus by GC-MS provides a scientific basis for elucidating the mechanism of different processed products.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Gardenia , Chemistry , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Structure , Volatile Organic Compounds , Chemistry
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4149-4152, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310926

ABSTRACT

Processed Chinese medicine is the core of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) industry chain,which directly affects the clinical efficacy and. safety of Chinese patent medicine and clinical formula Decoction pieces. Studied the variation of effective substance in vivo Chinese medicine processing before and after processed, clarifying the effective substance and processing principle is a top priority of the development of Chinese medicine processing. The traditional research method chiefly focus on the variation about chemicals in vitro of processed Chinese medicine, it cannot reveal that the integrity and complexity of processed Chinese medicine efficacy changes, so the change process is the focus of future research in vivo on the base of effective substance of TCM This paper described the research on the base of effective substance of TCM and Processed Chinese medicine research status in vitro, discussed the analytical methods (plasma chemistry, pharmacokinetics, metabonomics) of the dynamic process in vivo about processed Chinese medicine, and pointed out development and related problems in process in vivo on the base of effective substance of TCM, which could provided research ideas and methods for in-depth interpretation of Chinese medicine processing mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 962-965, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350681

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the contents of the main chemical compositions in Gardenia jasminoids before and after being roasted with ginger juice.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Four diterpenoid pigments constituents (C-1, C-2, C-3, crocetin) were determined simultaneously by UPLC on an Agilent Poroshell 120 EC-C18 column at 35 degrees C with the methanol-0.5% formic acid anhydrous in gradient elution as the mobile phrase. The detection wavelength was set at 440 nm and the flow rate was 0.4 mL x min(-1). Two iridoids constituents (G-1, G-2) were determined simultaneously by HPLC on an Agilent TC-C18(2) column at 35 degrees C with acetonitrile-0.5% formic acid anhydrous (18:82) as the mobile phrase. The detection wavelength was set at 238 nm and the flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>After being processed with ginger juice, the contents of the diterpenoid pigments constituents decreased slightly and the contents of the iridoids constituents increased slightly.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The contents of the main chemical compositions in G. jasminoids roasted with ginger juice increased slightly with some regularity, but there were no significant differences.</p>


Subject(s)
Carotenoids , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gardenia , Chemistry , Zingiber officinale , Chemistry , Iridoids , Pharmacology
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3545-3548, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308581

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the regularity of changes in the main active components of Schisandra chinensis preparations before and after being processed with vinegar.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>High performance liquid chromatography was used to analyze the changes in the content of lignans and organic acids in S. chinensis preparations before and after being processed with vinegar.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>After being processed with vinegar, the content of lignans in S. chinensis preparations significantly reduced, while that of organic acids significantly increased. The ratio between them reduced from 1:16 (raw product) to 1:21 (vinegar products).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The changes in the main pharmacological effects of S. chinensis are related to not only the changes in the contents of lignan and organic acids, but also the significant changes in the ratio relations between the two components. This is of great significance to the correlation among the principle of S. chinensis processed with vinegar and material basis and the changes in pharmacological effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid , Acids , Chemical Fractionation , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Lignans , Schisandra , Chemistry
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