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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296536

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the association between selenium levels and diabetes in an older population with life-long natural exposure to selenium in rural China. A total of 1856 subjects aged 65 years or older from four Chinese rural counties with different environmental selenium levels were evaluated. Analysis of covariance models and logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between nail selenium levels and serum glucose, serum insulin, insulin resistance [using the Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR)], and the risk of diabetes. The mean nail selenium level was 0.461 μg/g and the prevalence rate of diabetes was 8.3% in this population. The mean nail selenium level was significantly higher in the group with diabetes than in the group without diabetes (P<0.0001). The adjusted odds ratios for diabetes were 2.65 (95% CI: 1.48 to 4.73), 2.47 (95% CI: 1.37 to 4.45), and 3.30 (95% CI: 1.85 to 5.88) from the second selenium quartile to the fourth quartile, respectively, compared with the first quartile group. The mean serum glucose and HOMA-IR in the higher selenium quartile groups were significantly higher than those of the lowest quartile group. However, no significant differences in insulin were observed among the four quartile groups. A long-term, higher level of exposure to selenium may be associated with a higher risk of diabetes. Future studies are needed to elucidate the association between selenium and insulin resistance.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Nails , Metabolism , Rural Population , Selenium , Metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274714

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the gene expression patterns in livers of infant rats after Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) exposure during pregnancy and explore the important gene and signaling pathways in the toxic mechanism of BaP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-two pregnant SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: vehicle control (corn oil) and treatment groups (0.75, 1.50 and 3.00 mg/kg BaP in corn oil). BaP solutions were given by gastric infusion from the 3rd to the 17th day of pregnancy. After delivery the offspring's liver were taken to detect the gene expression by RatRef-12 gene chip. The stability of gene chip was tested by repeated experiments.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After prenatal BaP exposure 1232 genes with different expression variations in hepatocytes of offsprings were identified. Three expression patterns of genes related to the dose of prenatal BaP exposure were identified with significant difference (P < 0.05). As the dose of prenatal BaP exposure increased, the gene expression patterns were downregulated, upregulated, and fluctuated. Twenty-six signaling pathways with differently expressed genes mainly focused on: growth and development, toxicant metabolism and inflammation (P < 0.05). The data from gene network analysis demonstrated that CYP2C13, GSTO1, Rela, MAPK8 and Plcg1 were the key genes in the gene network.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Gene expression patterns of offsprings' hepatocytes were influenced by prenatal BaP exposure. Some key genes and signal pathways were also found. The study provides an important clue for the toxicity and mechanisms of the prenatal BaP exposure on the growth and development of offspring.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzo(a)pyrene , Toxicity , Female , Gene Expression , Hepatocytes , Male , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Pregnancy , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229718

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the health safety of copper, steel and plastic water pipes by field water quality investigations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four consumers were randomly selected for each type of water pipes. Two consumers of every type of the water pipes had used the water pipes for more than 1 year and the other 2 consumers had used the water pipes for less than 3 months. The terminal volume of tap water in copper and steel water pipes should be not less than 0.1 liter, whereas that in plastic water pipes should be not less than 1 liter.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean values of the experimental results in the second field water quality investigation of the copper and steel water pipes met the Sanitary Standards for Drinking Water Quality. The items of water sample of the plastic water pipes met the requirements of the Sanitary Standards for Drinking Water Quality.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Copper, steel, and plastic pipes can be used as drinking water pipes.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Copper , Humans , Manufactured Materials , Reference Standards , Materials Testing , Plastics , Public Health , Quality Control , Steel , Water , Chemistry , Water Pollutants , Water Supply , Reference Standards
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