Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.155
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940948

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the serum microRNA (miRNA) expression and examine the impact of miRNA expression profiles on T helper type 17 (Th17)/regulatory T cells (Treg) imbalance among patients with cystic echinococcosis, so as to provide insights into the illustration of the mechanisms underlying chronic Echinococcus granulosus infections, and long-term pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#Total RNA was extracted from the sera of cystic echinococcosis patients and healthy controls, and subjected to high-throughput sequencing with the Illumina sequencing platform. Known miRNAs were annotated and new miRNAs were predicted using the miRBase database and the miRDeep2 tool, and differentially expressed miRNAs were identified. The target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted using the software miRanda and TargetScan, and the intersection was selected for Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. Among the differentially expressed miRNAs with the 20 highest fold changes, miRNAs that targeted genes relating to key transcription factors RORC and FOXP3 that determine the production of Th17 and Treg cells or their important regulatory pathways (PI3K-Akt and mTOR pathways) were matched.@*RESULTS@#A total of 53 differentially expressed miRNAs were screened in sera of cystic echinococcosis patients and healthy controls, including 47 up-regulated miRNAs and 6 down-regulated miRNAs. GO enrichment analysis showed that these differentially expressed miRNA were involved DNA transcription and translation, cell components, cell morphology, neurodevelopment and metabolic decomposition, and KEGG pathway analysis showed that the differentially expressed miRNA were mainly involved in MAPK, PI3K-Akt and mTOR signaling pathways. Among the differentially expressed miRNAs with the 20 highest fold changes, there were 3 miRNAs that had a potential for target regulation of RORC, and 15 miRNAs that had a potential to target the PI3K-Akt and mTOR signaling pathways.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Significant changes are found in serum miRNA expression profiles among patients with E. granulosus infections, and differentially expressed miRNAs may lead to Th17/Treg imbalance through targeting the key transcription factors of Th17/Treg or PI3K-Akt and mTOR pathways, which facilitates the long-term parasitism of E. granulosus in hosts and causes a chronic disease.


Subject(s)
Echinococcosis/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Th17 Cells , Transcription Factors/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940421

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of ginsenoside Rg1 and ginsenoside Rb1 on the release of inflammatory factors of human myeloid leukemia monocytes (THP-1) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and their protective effects on the inflammatory injury of intestinal epithelial cells (Caco-2) induced by THP-1 cell activation based on the co-culture system of THP-1 and Caco-2. MethodFirstly,the microfluidic chip of co-culture of THP-1 and Caco-2 cells was prepared. In the experiment, a blank group, an LPS group, and drug intervention groups were set up.The cells in the blank group were cultured conventionally. In the LPS group,LPS (1 mg·L-1) was added to the lower THP-1 cells after the upper Caco-2 cells formed a monolayer barrier. On the basis of the LPS group, 33 mg·L-1 ginsenoside Rg1 and 33 mg·L-1 ginsenoside Rb1 were added to THP-1 cells respectively. After the co-culture of THP-1 cells and Caco-2 cells for 24 hours, the fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-Dextran fluorescence value in the lower chip channel was detected by FITC-Dextran tracer method. A blank group, an LPS group,and drug intervention groups were set up in the THP-1 cell experiment. THP-1 cells in the blank group were cultured conventionally. In the LPS group, LPS (1 mg·L-1) was added to THP-1 cells.Ginsenoside Rg1 and ginsenoside Rb1 of the corresponding doses (11,33,100 mg·L-1) were added to the drug intervention groups respectively on the basis of the LSP group. After 24 hours of cell culture, the activity of THP-1 cells was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expression of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α of THP-1 cells. A blank group, an LPS group, and drug intervention groups were set up in the Caco-2 cell experiment. Caco-2 cells in the blank group were cultured conventionally, and in other groups, the corresponding cell supernatant in the second part of the THP-1 cell experiment was employed in Caco-2 cells. After 24 hours of cell culture,the activity of Caco-2 cells was detected by CCK-8. Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of IL-6,interleukin-8 (IL-8), TNF-α, and Occludin of Caco-2 cells. The expression of tight junction protein Occludin in Caco-2 cells was detected by Western blot. ResultBoth ginsenoside Rg1 and ginsenoside Rb1 could effectively protect LPS-induced intestinal epithelial barrier permeability in the co-culture system of THP-1 and Caco-2 cells (P<0.01). Ginsenosides Rg1 and Rb1 antagonized LPS-induced increased expression of IL-6,IL-1β, and TNF-α in THP-1 cells (P<0.05). When the supernatant of THP-1 cells treated with ginsenosides Rg1 and Rb1 was co-cultured with Caco-2 cells, the expression of IL-6,IL-8, and TNF-α in Caco-2 cells was significantly reduced (P<0.01), and the expression of tight junction protein Occludin was up-regulated. ConclusionIn the co-culture system of THP-1 and Caco-2 cells simulating the intestinal epithelial barrier function in vitro,ginsenosides Rg1 and Rb1 play a protective role against LPS-induced intestinal epithelial barrier injury by regulating the release of inflammatory cytokines by THP-1 cells, thereby regulating the inflammatory response and cell barrier integrity of Caco-2 cells.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940349

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect and mechanism of Xiaojindan extract (XJD) on macrophage polarization. MethodLipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) were used to induce M1 and M2 polarization of RAW264.7 cells. The influence of 10-80 mg·L-1 XJD on cell proliferation was detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Nitric oxide (NO) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) release was explored by Griess assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The mRNA expression of M1 and M2 macrophage markers was measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the CD206+ expression was determined by flow cytometry. The activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway was analyzed by western blot. Result10-80 mg·L-1 XJD showed no marked cytotoxicity in LPS (0.5 mg·L-1)- or IL-4 (20 μg·L-1)-induced RAW264.7 cells. Compared with the control group, LPS significantly promoted the expression of M1 macrophage markers (P<0.01), including increased NO and IL-6 release (P<0.01) and upregulated mRNA expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) (P<0.01). Compared with LPS-induced group, 20-80 mg·L-1 XJD decreased the release of NO and IL-6 in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01), and similarly 10-80 mg·L-1 XJD suppressed the mRNA expression of IL-1β, iNOS, COX-2 and TNF-α (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, IL-4 obviously increased the expression of M2 macrophage markers (P<0.01), including increased CD206+ cell population and upregulated mRNA expression of arginine-1 (Arg-1), interleukin-10 (IL-10), interleukin-13 (IL-13) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). Compared with IL-4-induced group, 10-80 mg·L-1 XJD dose-dependently decreased CD206+ cell population (P<0.01) and inhibited the mRNA expression of Arg-1, IL-10, IL-13 and TGF-β1 (P<0.01). Western blot showed that XJD significantly downregulated the activation of PI3K/Akt pathway as compared to LPS- and IL-4-induced groups (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionXJD significantly inhibited the macrophage polarization in the LPS- and IL-4-induced RAW264.7 cells by targeting PI3K/Akt pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940303

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a simple, fast and accurate method for locating the volatile oil in Angelicae Sinensis Radix based on frozen section and fluorescence imaging technology, and to reveal the distribution and accumulation of volatile oil in the roots of this herbal medicine. MethodAngelicae Sinensis Radix was used as the research material, the best frozen section conditions for the research material were established by comparing the effects of different cryoprotectants on the quality of frozen sections of Angelicae Sinensis Radix. The suitability of Sudan Ⅲ chemical staining and fluorescence localization for positioning the volatile oil were compared according to the loss of volatile oil and the complexity of operation process. ResultA new method for evaluating the quality of frozen sections of Angelicae Sinensis Radix was established. According to the evaluation equation, it was found that the highest score was obtained when the head, body and tail positions of Angelicae Sinensis Radix were treated with 20% glycerol, 15% glycerol and 20% sucrose, respectively. There was yellowish-brown oily substance in the oil chambers of phelloderm and secondary phloem, and oil canal of the secondary xylem of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, which could be stained orange red or orange yellow by Sudan Ⅲ, and there was green spontaneous fluorescence in the same part under the fluorescence microscope. ConclusionThe relatively complete section of Angelicae Sinensis Radix can be obtained after being treated with cryoprotectant. The volatile oil exists in the oil chambers of phelloderm and secondary phloem, and oil canal of the secondary xylem of Angelicae Sinensis Radix. This study can provide reference for observation of the accumulation sites of volatile oil in other plants.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 126-131, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935488

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and differential diagnosis of NTRK3 gene rearrangement thyroid papillary carcinoma (PTC). Methods: The PTC cases without BRAF V600E mutation were collected at Fujian Provincial Hospital South Branch from January 2015 to January 2020. The cases of NTRK3 gene rearrangement PTC were examined using immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The clinical data, histopathological characteristics, immunohistochemical features and molecular pathological changes were retrospectively analyzed. Data from the TCGA PTC dataset and the literature were also studied. Results: A total of 3 PTC cases harboring NTRK3 gene rearrangement were confirmed. All the patients were female, aged from 26,49,34 years. Histologically, two of them demonstrated a multinodular growth pattern. Only one case showed prominent follicular growth pattern; the other two tumors showed a mixture of follicular, papillary and solid growth patterns. All tumors showed a typical PTC nuclear manifestation, with some nuclear pleomorphism, vacuolated foci and oncocytic features. The characteristic formation of glomeruloid follicular foci was present in two cases which also showed psammoma bodies, and tumoral capsular or angiolymphatic invasion. The background thyroid parenchyma showed chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. Mitotic rates were low, and no cases had any tumor necrosis. The pan-TRK and TTF1 testing was both positive in 3 cases, while S-100 and mammaglobin were both negative in them. FISH studies confirmed the NTRK3 gene rearrangement in all 3 cases. Studies on the TCGA datasets and literature revealed similar findings. Conclusions: NTRK3 gene rearrangement PTC is rare. It may be easily misdiagnosed due to the lack of histological and clinicopathological characteristics. Molecular studies such as pan-TRK immunostaining, FISH and even next-generation sequencing are needed to confirm the diagnosis. Immunohistochemistry of pan-TRK performed in the PTC cases without BRAF V600E mutation can be used as a good rapid-screening tool. With the emergence of pan-cancer tyrosine receptor kinase inhibitors, proper diagnosis of these tumors can help determine appropriate treatments and improve their outcomes.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Female , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Receptor, trkC , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935281

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence and critical windows of prenatal exposure to pyrethroid pesticides (PYRs) on neurodevelopment of 2-year-old children. Methods: The subjects of this study were derived from the Xuanwei Birth Cohort. A total of 482 pregnant women who participated in the rural district of Xuanwei birth cohort from January 2016 to December 2018 were included. Maternal urinary concentrations of PYRs metabolites during 8-12 gestational weeks, 20-23 gestational weeks and 32-35 gestational weeks were measured with ultra high performance liquid chromatography system coupled with a tandem mass spectrometry detector. Child neurodevelopment was evaluated with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition at 2 years of age. Multivariate linear regression models and binary logistic regression models were used to assess the association between PYRs exposure during pregnancy and children's neurodevelopment. Results: A total of 360 mother-child pairs had complete data on maternal urinary PYRs metabolites detection and children's neurodevelopment assessment. The detection rate of any one PYRs metabolites during the first, second and third trimester were 93.6% (337/360), 90.8% (327/360) and 94.2% (339/360), respectively. The neurodevelopmental scores of Cognitive, Language, Motor, Social-Emotional, and Adaptive Behavior of 2-year-old children were (102.3±18.9), (100.2±16.3), (102.0±20.3), (107.8±23.3) and (85.8±18.6) points, respectively. After controlling for confounding factors, 4-fluoro-3-phenoxybenzoic acid (4F3PBA, one of PYRs metabolites) exposure in the first trimester reduced Motor (β=-5.02, 95%CI: -9.08, -0.97) and Adaptive Behavior (β=-4.12, 95%CI:-7.92, -0.32) scores of 2-year-old children, and increased risk of developmental delay of adaptive behavior (OR=2.07, 95%CI:1.13-3.82). Conclusion: PYRs exposure during the first trimester of pregnancy may affect neurodevelopment of 2-year-old children, and the first trimester may be the critical window.


Subject(s)
Birth Cohort , Child Development , Child, Preschool , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Infant , Maternal Exposure/adverse effects , Pesticides/adverse effects , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/chemically induced , Pyrethrins/metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935278

ABSTRACT

Central nervous system (CNS) fungal infections are challenging and difficult to diagnose and treat. This article introduces the high risk factors, pathogen spectrum and laboratory indicators that cause CNS fungal infection. As patients with CNS fungal infections are often accompanied by immunodeficiency, it is especially necessary for clinical early detection, early prevention, and early diagnosis, and timely and effective implementation of optimized diagnosis and treatment programs to prevent further deterioration of the disease.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System , Central Nervous System Fungal Infections/microbiology , Central Nervous System Infections , Fungi , Humans , Risk Factors
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935271

ABSTRACT

The evaluation methods of immune persistence include direct evaluation, indirect evaluation, model prediction, and meta-analysis and so on. Direct evaluation is the gold standard for evaluating the immune persistence of vaccines by quantifying the protective effect of vaccines on the onset and (or) infection of preventable diseases. Indirect evaluation of immune persistence by immunological surrogate indicators is more widely used in practice. In addition, mathematical models and meta-analysis can also be used to evaluate the immune persistence of vaccines. It is of great significance to select the appropriate evaluation method to analyze the immune persistence of the vaccine according to the specific situation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunity , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Vaccines/immunology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934897

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To evaluate the association between anesthesia regimen (volatile or intravenous anesthetics) and postoperative infection in adult cardiac patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods    The clinical data of 496 elective adults undergoing cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass from June 2019 to June 2020 in West China Hospital of Sichuan University were retrospectively analyzed, including 251 females and 245 males with an average age of 54.1±11.4 years. American Society of Anesthesiologists grade was Ⅰ-Ⅲ. There were 243 patients in a volatile group with sevoflurane or desflurane, and 253 patients in an intravenous anesthesia group with propofol. The primary outcome was the incidence of infection within 30 days after cardiac surgery, including pulmonary infection, surgical site infection, sepsis, and urinary tract infection. The secondary outcomes were duration of mechanical ventilation, incidence of reintubation, ICU stay, postoperative length of hospital stay and total hospitalization cost. Results     A total of 155 (31.3%) patients developed postoperative infection within 30 days, with an incidence of 32.9% in the volatile group and 29.6% in the intravenous anesthesia group. There was no statistical difference in the incidence of infection (RR=1.111, 95%CI 0.855 to 1.442, P=0.431) or the secondary outcomes (P>0.05) between the two groups. Conclusion     The anesthesia regimen (volatile or intravenous anesthetics) has no association with the risk of occurrence of postoperative infection in adult  patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934557

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the actual situation and measurement data of human resources deployment in public general hospitals in Pudong New Area, so as to provide a data basis for further optimizing the human resources deployment plan.Methods:The Pudong New Area Health Statistical Information System was used to collect the staffing information and business data of 9 public general hospitals in Pudong New Area, Shanghai in 2019. On such basis, the numbers of officially budgeted positions and actual positions were calculated. Descriptive analyses of the data were performed to compare the theoretical and actual quantities by paired t-test and Wilcoxn signed-rank sum test. Results:The actual number of officially budgeted positions of the 9 hospitals was less than the theoretical number( Z=-2.55, P=0.011), while the actual number of positions was less than that of theoretical number( t=3.36, P=0.010). The proportion of the officially budgeted position shortage at tertiary hospitals(72.77%)was higher than that of secondary hospitals(36.94%). The proportion of position shortage at tertiary hospitals(16.14%)was less than that at secondary hospitals(38.78%). Conclusions:Area-owned general hospitals are in shortage of human resources, while secondary and tertiary hospitals have different needs for human resources. The actual situation of a hospital should be comprehensively considered to develop an optimal deployment plan for human resources.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934372

ABSTRACT

Artificial neural network (ANN) is a network framework that drives artificial intelligence (AI). Classical convolutional neural networks (CNN) are mainly used for cell count and image recognition at fixed time in embryo evaluation. Fully connected deep neural networks (DNN), with increased accuracy of image recognition, are suitable for the units equipped with high configuration hardware and need comprehensive prediction according to the integrated clinical information. Residual networks improve the accuracy by increasing layers and solving the gradient disappearance problem through jump connection to realize dynamic embryo assessment. Bayesian networks (BN) and multi-layer perceptron (MLP) are two machine learning methods. The former is especially used for comprehensive prediction combined with complex clinical information in case of lack of conditions. The latter has gradient disappearance and explosion problem, and is easy to lose some spatial features of images, so it is used for small sample volumes. ANN has advantages in the prediction of implantation rate and aneuploidy and reducing invasive detection in quality assessment of embryos, which is an important research direction of human-assisted reproductive technology (ART).

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933954

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any effect of repetitive low-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on sleep disorders and abnormal behaviors of children on the autism spectrum.Methods:Forty autistic children were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 20. Both groups were given sleep behavior training and individualized conventional rehabilitation training. Those in the observation group also received 30min of rTMS at 1Hz applied over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortical area once a day, 5 days a week. Before and after 8 weeks of this treatment, both groups were evaluated using the Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), the Child Autism Rating Scale (CARS) and the children′s Sleep Habit Questionnaire (CSHQ).Results:The average CARS and CSHQ scores, as well as the total ABC score of both groups increased significantly over the 8 weeks, but the average CARS and CSHQ scores, as well as the total ABC score of the observation group were then significantly better than in the control group. After the treatment, the average ABC scores for sensory ability, communication ability, motor ability, and language ability were significantly lower than before the treatment for both groups, but the observation group′s averages were then significantly better than those of the control group.Conclusions:Supplementing routine intervention with low-frequency rTMS can effectively improve the sleeping and correct the abnormal behavior patterns of autistic children.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 320-324, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the status of knowledge, attitude and practice of metabolic syndrome(MS) among the elderly in the community and analyze its influencing factors, so as to provide guidance for the prevention and treatment of MS.Methods:From January 2021 to August 2021, permanent residents(residence duration ≥6 months)aged 65 and above with regular health check examination in Fangzhuang Community Health Service Center of Fengtai District, Beijing were investigated using self-designed MS knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire.After excluding 34 incomplete questionnaires, the 491 valid questionnaires were recycled with questionnaire valid percentage of 93.5%(491/525). The survey results were analyzed by descriptive analysis, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis H test and multiple linear regression analysis and multiple linear regression.Results:The scores of MS knowledge, attitude and practice of the elderly in the community were 7(5, 10), 9(8, 10)and 19(18, 21)respectively.The correct answer rate of the diagnostic criteria of MS components was less than 50%.The score of knowledge about MS in the elderly was positively correlated with the scores of attitudes( r=0.263)and practice( r=0.134)(all P<0.01). The results of univariate and multiple linear regression analysis showed that gender, attending educational lectures and the prevalence of MS were the influencing factors of MS knowledge score(all P<0.05). Leisure time, attending educational lectures, pre-retirement occupation and regular health check examination were the influencing factors for MS attitude score(all P<0.05); attending educational lectures, leisure time, regular health check examination and pre-retirement occupation were the influencing factors for MS practice score(all P<0.05). Conclusions:The elderly in the community have a low level of knowledge about the components and diagnostic criteria of MS, but have a positive attitude and practice towards the prevention and treatment of MS.The level of knowledge, attitude and practice of MS is affected by health education lectures, occupation, regular health check examination and other factors.Health education on the diagnostic criteria and the awareness of disease prevention for the elderly in the community should be strengthened to improve the levels of the knowledge, attitude and practice of MS.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 15-19, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933025

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical characteristics for in-stent reocclusion lesions after coronary stent implantations in aged patients.Methods:229 patients diagnosed with chronic total reocclusions were recruited from Jan 2005 to Dec 2019 in this retrospective study.According to age, patients were divided into a 40-49 year-old group(n=60), a 50-59 year-old group(n=58), a 60-69 year-old group(n=55), and a 70-80 year-old group(n=56)to examine different lesion characteristics after coronary stent implantations.Results:In the 40-49 year-old group, the 50-59 year-old group, the 60-69 year-old group and the 70-80 year-old group, the rates of multi-vessel reocclusions were 11.6%, 15.5%, 21.8% and 25.0%, respectively( χ2=10.03, P=0.01). For each group, lesions with concurrent proximal and middle coronary reocclusions accounted for 8.3%, 12.0%, 30.9% and 35.7%, respectively( χ2=11.83, P=0.005); Reocclusions with severe coronary calcification accounted for 6.6%, 15.5%, 36.3% and 37.5%, respectively( χ2=11.56, P=0.006); Long coronary reocclusion lesions(36-47 mm)accounted for 15.0%, 17.2%, 21.8% and 25.0%, respectively( χ2=11.56, P=0.007); Coronary reocclusions with diffuse long calcified lesions accounted for 8.3%, 13.7%, 32.7% and 35.7%, respectively( χ2=10.80, P=0.01). Conclusions:The clinical characteristics of in-stent reocclusion lesions after coronary stent implantations include multiple chronic total coronary reocclusions, concurrent proximal and middle coronary reocclusions, heavily calcified coronary reocclusions, long coronary reocclusions and diffuse long calcified coronary reocclusions in aged patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932644

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic factors of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with pulmonary metastasis.Methods:Clinical characteristics of 135 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients presenting with pulmonary metastasis after treatment in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from 2008 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Thesurvival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate analysis was performed by log-rank test. Multivariate prognostic analysis was conducted by Cox models.Results:The median follow-up time of 135 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was 94.2 months (19.5-258.9 months), and 109 patients died (80.7%). The 1-and 2-year overall survival rates were 47.4% and 25.1%, with the median survival time was 11.1 months (7.3-14.9 months). Univariate prognostic analysis showed that age, number of lung metastases, treatment of lung metastases, lymph node metastasis, distant organ metastasis, and the interval between the first treatment and lung metastasis were the prognostic factors of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with lung metastasis (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age and number of lung metastases were the independent prognostic factors for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with lung metastases (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Age and number of lung metastases are the independent prognostic factors for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with lung metastases. Surgery or radiotherapy-based regional therapy can enhance clinical prognosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 329-333, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application and effect of multidisciplinary collaboration in patients with tophi during perioperative period.Methods:Forty-five patients undergoing tophaceous gout surgery in our hospital from May to October 2020 were selected as the control group and treated with routine treatment.From November 2020 to April 2021, 41 patients undergoing tophaceous gout surgery in our hospital who were treated with multidisciplinary collaboration management mode were included as the intervention group. Postoperative pain, blood uric acid level, hospitalization expenses, hospitalization days and patient satisfaction were compared between the two groups.Results:After implementing the multidisciplinary integration man-agement mode, the pain score of the patients at 4 hours, 1 day and 3 days after operation was lower than that of the control group [(3.6±1.0) vs (4.1±1.0), t=2.33, P=0.022; (2.5±0.8) vs (3.0±0.6), t=3.85, P<0.001; (1.8±0.5) vs (2.2±0.7), t=3.52, P<0.001], the serum uric acid level was significantly lower than that of the control group at 1 month and 3 months after operation [(355±58) vs (3928±39), t=3.50, P=0.001; (316±48) vs (366±47), t=4.84, P<0.001], the hospitalization days and hospitalization expenses were significantly decreased [(8.90±2.48) d vs (10.62±3.96) d, t=2.44, P=0.017; (1.00±0.13) ten thousand yuan vs (1.11±0.17) ten thousand yuan, t=3.34, P=0.001], and the patient satisfaction was markedly improved (97.6% vs 82.2%, χ2=3.87, P=0.049). Conclusion:The multi-disciplinary collaboration mode in patients with tophi during perioperative period can effectively reduce the postoperative pain, improve the quality of care, promote reha-bilitation, improve the outcome, and reduce the economic burden of patients, which is worthy of popularization and being applied in clinic.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of lengths of intramedullary nails on the treatment efficacy of osteoporotic unstable intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:Retrospectively analyzed were the data of patients with osteoporotic unstable intertrochanteric fracture who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedics, China-Japan Friendship Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019. According to the lengths of intramedullary nails, the patients were divided into 2 groups. In the short nail group of 135 cases, there were 38 males and 97 females with an age of (82.2 ± 7.7) years and an intramedullary nail with a length of 170 mm was used. In the long nail group of 32 cases, there were 8 males and 24 females with an age of (81.5±7.1) years and an intramedullary nail longer than 300 mm was used. The amount of intraoperative hemoglobin drop value, operation time, Harris hip score at 6 months after surgery, incidence of complications and mortality were compared between the 2 groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, indicating comparability between groups ( P>0.05). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in intraoperative hemoglobin drop value [(19.8±2.2) g/L versus (20.0±2.1) g/L], Harris hip score (72.0±3.0 versus 71.2±3.6), incidence of complications [3.0% (4/135) versus 6.2 (2/32)] or mortality [14.3% (19/135) versus 15.6% (5/32)] ( P>0.05). The long nail group needed significantly longer operation time than the short nail group [(84.6±5.6) min versus (92.0±7.2) min] ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In the treatment of osteoporotic unstable intertrochanteric fracture, short and long intramedullary nails show no significant difference in hemoglobin drop value, functional score, complications or mortality, indicating they can both lead to safe and reliable curative efficacy. However, long nails need longer operation time.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 662-666, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) on the prevention of rebleeding in cirrhotic patients of hepatitis B with gastroesophageal variceal hemorrhage receiving endoscopic therapy, and its influence on prognosis.Methods:Fifty eight patients with esophageal and gastric varices due to cirrhosis of hepatitis B admitted to Minhang Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University (from January 2019 to September 2021, n=18) and Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University (from January to September 2017, n=40) were retrospectively included. All of them underwent HVPG determination and endoscopic treatment. They were divided into HVPG≤18 mmHg group and HVPG>18 mmHg group. The rebleeding and survival status of these patients with endoscopic treatment was compared after a follow-up period of 2 years, and Cox regression was performed to analyze the related factors for rebleeding and survival. Results:A total of 58 individuals were included, which were divided into two groups: HVPG≤18 mmHg group (35) and HVPG>18 mmHg group (23). During the 2-year follow-up after the first endoscopic treatment, 13 patients (22.41%) developed rebleeding, including 4 patients in the HVPG≤18 mmHg group and 9 patients in the HVPG>18 mmHg group. The non-bleeding rate in HVPG≤18 mmHg group was significantly higher than that in HVPG>18 mmHg group (91.3% vs 68.7%, RR=3.54, 95% CI: 1.08-11.60, P=0.026), and the difference was statistically significant. Four patients died, including 1 patient in the HVPG≤18 mmHg group and 3 patients in the HVPG>18 mmHg group. There was no statistically significant difference in 2-year survival between the two groups (96.7% vs 86.5%, RR=4.44, 95% CI: 0.45-43.58, P=0.162). Cox regression multivariate analysis was used to analyze the above data, and the results suggested portal vein thrombosis ( HR=3.826, 95% CI: 1.263-11.585, P=0.018), HVPG>18 mmHg ( HR=4.243, 95% CI: 1.290-13.955, P=0.017) were independent risk factors for rebleeding in 2 years after endoscopic therapy. Conclusions:For patients with high HVPG, it should be fully evaluated and considered to receive other pressure lowering therapy, and treatment conversion should be carried out as soon as possible after endoscopic treatment failure.

19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 198-201, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931850

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is defined as a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by the dysregulated host response to infection, and is one of the main causes of death in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Coagulation dysfunction runs through the pathophysiological progress of sepsis whose severity should be closely related to the prognosis of sepsis. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) is a three-dimensional network structure with DNA as the skeleton and inlaid with various protein components. The excessive production of NETs can lead to sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC) by activating the coagulation system, inhibiting the anticoagulation system, resisting fibrinolysis, damaging vascular endothelial cells and the interaction of platelets. At present, the treatment of SIC is mainly symptomatic treatment, and there is no recognized effective anticoagulation strategy. Interventions for NETs and their components, and drugs for antiplatelets are expected to become new directions for disease treatment.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1593-1603, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929433

ABSTRACT

The iron and inflammation homeostasis are closely coupled, forming an integrated functional unit under physiological conditions. "Iron transport balance" has become the key mechanism to maintain iron homeostasis through bidirectional regulation of iron uptake and release and dynamic management of transmembrane concentration. It is also the physiological basis for the inflammatory balance between promotion and resolution. Under pathological conditions, represented by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), disturbed iron transportation was highly involved in almost every step of inflammatory diseases. Therefore, the iron transporting rebalancing provides the mechanistic basis and effective approach for the normalization of inflammatory microenvironment. Macrophage is the key regulator of inflammation homeostasis and determinant for iron transport balance. Unfortunately, the current clinical transformation based on iron transport balance theory has still been insufficient. Sometimes, this strategy even showed high complexity and contradiction, severely restricting its clinical application. By summarizing the theoretical research progress of iron transport balance, especially its relevance to macrophage phenotypic polarization, this review aims to explore the therapeutic value in inflammation intervention by targeting iron transporting balance. This review will provide the necessary knowledge and hints for the research and development of candidate drugs in treating inflammatory diseases.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL