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1.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 127-133, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011510

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide, and its mortality rate remains high. In addition to conventional surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, immunotherapy methods have been developed and used in recent years for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, only a small number of patients with NSCLC can benefit from immunotherapy strategies, and some patients even have hyperprogression after receiving immunotherapy. Therefore, precision immunotherapy requires effective biomarkers to guide it. In this paper, tissue samples, blood samples, intestinal microbiota, and other biomarkers are reviewed according to different sample sources. Blood samples, including TCR immune repertoire, Tregs cells, cytokines, lactate dehydrogenase, and other markers, are summarized and analyzed to provide reference for clinicians' diagnosis and treatment decisions.

2.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 340-348, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997245

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of comorbid depression and anxiety and to evaluate the effect of psychological interventions among schistosomiasis patients in China, so as to provide insights into improvements of psychological health among schistosomiasis patients. Methods Publications pertaining to comorbid depression and anxiety and psychological interventions among Chinese schistosomiasis patients were retrieved in electronic databases, including CNKI, Wanfang Data, PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase. The prevalence of comorbidity, psychological interventions, and scores for the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) before and after psychological interventions among Chinese schistosomiasis patients were extracted. The prevalence of comorbid depression and anxiety was investigated among Chinese schistosomiasis patients using a meta-analysis, and the effect of psychological interventions for depression and anxiety was evaluated. Results A total of 231 publications were retrieved, and 14 publications that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in the final analysis, including 2 English publications and 12 Chinese publications. Meta-analysis showed that the prevalence rates of comorbid depression and anxiety were 61% [95% confidential interval (CI): (48%, 72%)] and 64% [95% CI: (42%, 81%)] among Chinese schistosomiasis patients. Both the SDS [1.45 points, 95% CI: (1.30, 1.60) points] and SAS scores [2.21 points, 95% CI: (2.05, 2.38) points] reduced among Chinese schistosomiasis patients after psychological interventions than before psychological interventions, and the SDS [−0.47 points, 95% CI: (−6.90, −0.25) points] and SAS scores [−1.30 points, 95% CI: (−1.52, −1.09) points] reduced among Chinese schistosomiasis patients in the case group than in the control group. Conclusions The comorbid anxiety and depression are common among Chinese schistosomiasis patients, and conventional psychological interventions facilitate the improvements of anxiety and depression among schistosomiasis patients.

3.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 174-182, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001411

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Diagnosis of isolated laryngopharyngeal reflux symptoms (ILPRS), ie, without concomitant typical reflux symptoms (CTRS), remains difficult. Mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) reflects impaired mucosal integrity. We determined whether esophageal MNBI could predict pathological esophagopharyngeal reflux (pH+) in patients with ILPRS. @*Methods@#In this cross-sectional study conducted in Taiwan, non-erosive or low-grade esophagitis patients with predominant laryngopharyngeal reflux symptoms underwent combined hypopharyngeal multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring when off acid suppressants. Participants were divided into the ILPRS (n = 94) and CTRS (n = 63) groups. Asymptomatic subjects without esophagitis (n = 25) served as healthy controls. The MNBI values at 3 cm and 5 cm above the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and the proximal esophagus were measured. @*Results@#Distal but not proximal esophageal median MNBI values were significantly lower in patients with pH+ than in those with pH– (ILPRS in pH+ vs pH–: 1607 Ω vs 2709 Ω and 1885 Ω vs 2563 Ω at 3 cm and 5 cm above LES, respectively; CTRS in pH+ vs pH–: 1476 vs 2307 Ω and 1500 vs 2301 Ω at 3 cm and 5 cm above LES, respectively, P < 0.05 for all). No significant differences of any MNBI exist between any pH– subgroups and healthy controls. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve in the ILPRS group were 0.75 and 0.80, compared to the pH– subgroup and healthy controls (P < 0.001 for both), respectively. Interobserver reproducibility was good (Spearman correlation 0.93, P < 0.0001). @*Conclusion@#Distal esophageal MNBI predicts pathological reflux in patients with ILPRS.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1127-1135, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013790

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the synergistic effect of withaferin A (WA) combined with cisplatin (DDP) on cervical cancer and its mechanism. Methods MTT assay was employed to detect the synergistic effect of WA on DDP in cervical cancer cell lines. Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, TUNEL assay and immunoblotting were used to investigate the effect of WA combined with DDP on apoptosis of cervical cancer cells. Immunofluorescence and immunoblotting were used to detect NF-kB/MDR1 pathway related proteins. DCFH-DA and MitoSOX were applied to determine the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. A xenograft model was also used to evaluate the synergistic effect of WA on DDP. Results The combination of WA and DDP could inhibit the survival of cervical cancer cells, promote apoptosis, and inhibit the growth of tumor in mice. WA could inhibit DDP-induced NF-kB/MDR1 signaling pathway and promote ROS production. Conclusions WA plays a synergistic role in anti-cervical cancer by inhibiting DDP-induced NF-kB/MDR1 pathway activation and enhancing DDP induced ROS production.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 608-613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986178

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of entecavir combined with Biejiajian pills and its influence on TCM syndrome scores during the treatment of chronic hepatitis B with hepatic fibrosis and blood stasis syndrome by prospective, randomized and controlled study. Methods: Patients with chronic hepatitis B with hepatic fibrosis and blood stasis syndrome were selected as the research subjects and randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group. Entecavir plus Biejiajian pills or entecavir plus a simulant of Biejiajian pills were given for 48 weeks. The changes in liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and TCM syndrome scores before and after treatment were compared between the two groups to analyze the correlation. The data between groups were analyzed by t-test/Wilcoxon rank sum test or χ(2) test. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between TCM syndrome scores and LSM values. Results: After 48 weeks of treatment, the LSM values of the two groups were significantly lower than those of the baseline (P < 0.001), liver fibrosis was significantly improved, and the LSM values of the treatment group were lower than those of the control group [(8.67 ± 4.60) kPa and (10.13 ± 4.43) kPa, t = -2.011, P = 0.049]. After 48 weeks of treatment, the TCM syndrome scores of the two groups were significantly reduced compared with the baseline (P < 0.001), and the clinical symptoms were significantly relieved, and the total effective rates of the improvement of the TCM syndrome scores in the two groups were 74.19% and 72.97%, respectively, but the differences between the groups were not statistically significant (χ(2) = 0.013, P = 0.910). Correlation analysis showed that there was no obvious trend between TCM syndrome scores and LSM values. There were no serious adverse reactions associated with the drug during the observation period of this study. Conclusion: Based on antiviral treatment with entecavir, regardless of whether it is combined with the Biejiajian pill, it can effectively reduce the LSM value, improve liver fibrosis, reduce TCM syndrome scores, and alleviate symptoms in patients with chronic hepatitis B with liver fibrosis and blood stasis syndrome. Compared with entecavir alone, the combined Biejia pill has greater efficacy in improving liver fibrosis and a favorable safety profile, meriting its implementation and widespread application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 808-812, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984575

ABSTRACT

In recent years, immunotherapy has made a breakthrough in the field of non-small cell lung cancer, reshaping the pattern of lung cancer treatment. However, with the wide application of immunotherapy in clinical practice, immune-related adverse events have attracted increasing attention. Immune pneumonia, as one of the immune-related toxic side effects of greatest concern, affects the treatment process and curative effect and can be a threat to life in serious cases. Given that immune pneumonia has a complicated pathogenesis and diverse clinical manifestations, strengthening the understanding of immune pneumonia is urgently needed. The treatment of immune pneumonia is limited, and additional therapeutic medicines are still awaiting exploration. Therefore, this paper summarizes the progress of the research on immune pneumonia in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 334-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960962

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the application value of Worst lacrimal probe combined with modified lacrimal duct intubation in anastomosis of complex canalicular laceration.METHODS: Retrospective study. A total of 68 cases(68 eyes)with complex traumatic canalicular laceration treated in the ophthalmology department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from March 1, 2019 to March 31, 2021 were selected. They were divided into two groups according to the surgical methods, with 36 patients(36 eyes)who were treated with the Worst lacrimal probe to find the broken end of lacrimal duct combined with improved lacrimal duct threading intubation in group A, and 32 patients(32 eyes)who were treated with microscope to find the broken end of lacrimal duct and two-way intubation anastomosis canaliculus intubation in group B. The clinical efficacy, success rate of intraoperative search for the broken end of lacrimal duct, searching time, operation time, the degree of pain, postoperative ocular foreign body sensation and complications were compared between the two groups.RESULTS: The total effective rate of clinical efficacy in patients of group A was higher than that in group B(94% vs. 38%), the success rate of intraoperative search for broken end of lacrimal duct was higher than that in group B(100% vs. 47%), the searching time and operation time were shorter than those in group B, and the score of pain degree was lower than that in group B(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The postoperative follow-up for 6mo-1a showed that the ocular foreign body sensation score, the incidence of lacrimal punctum rupture and morphological change, and the degree of tear overflow in group A were all lower than those in group B(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Worst lacrimal probe combined with modified lacrimal duct intubation for the treatment of complex traumatic canalicular laceration can find the broken end of lacrimal duct more accurately, shorten the operation time, reduce the pain and foreign body sensation of patients, improve clinical efficacy and reduce the incidence of complications.

8.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 49-57, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967608

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Hypopharyngeal multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (HMII-pH) technology incorporating 2 trans-upper esophageal sphincter impedance channels has been developed to detect pharyngeal reflux. We used the HMII-pH technique to validate the candidate pharyngeal acid reflux (PAR) episodes based on the dual-pH tracings and determined the interobserver reproducibility. @*Methods@#We conducted a cross-sectional study in tertiary centers in Taiwan. Ninety patients with suspected laryngopharyngeal reflux and 28 healthy volunteers underwent HMII-pH test when off acid suppressants. Candidate PAR episodes were characterized by pharyngeal pH drops of at least 2 units and reaching a nadir pH of 5 within 30 seconds during esophageal acidification. Two experts manually independently identified candidate PAR episodes based on the dual-pH tracings. By reviewing the HMII-pH tracings, HMII-pH-proven PAR episodes were subsequently confirmed. The consensus reviews of HMII-pH-proven PAR episodes were considered to be the reference standard diagnosis. The interobserver reproducibility was assessed. @*Results@#A total of 105 candidate PAR episodes were identified. Among them 84 (80.0%; 95% CI, 71.0-87.0%) were HMII-pH-proven PAR episodes (82 in 16 patients and 2 in 1 healthy subject). Patients tended to have more HMII-pH-proven PAR episodes than healthy controls (median and percentile values [25th, 75th, and 95th percentiles]: 0 [0, 0, 3] vs 0 [0, 0, 0], P = 0.067). The concordance rate in diagnosing HMII-pH-proven PAR episodes between 2 independent observers was 92.2%. @*Conclusion@#Our preliminary data showed that 80.0% (71.0-87.0%) of the proposed candidate PAR episodes were HMII-pH-proven PAR episodes, among which the interobserver reproducibility was good.

9.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 191-199, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999560

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The prevalence of frailty among patients with heart failure is about 45%. Frailty may result in patients' functional decline, falls, disability, and decreased quality of life. Qualitative studies can explore older patients' perceptions of frailty and help patients cope with it. However, a qualitative approach that explores the experience of frailty in older patients living with heart failure is lacking. This study aimed to explore the lived experience of frailty in older patients with heart failure. @*Methods@#This qualitative study applies Giorgi's phenomenological method. Data were collected from October 2019 to August 2020. Thirteen older patients with heart failure aged at least 60 years were recruited using purposive sampling from a medical center in Taiwan. The participants participated in an in-depth interview using a semistructured interview guide. @*Results@#Seven themes were identified: “being reborn at the end of the road but having difficulty recovering”, “living with a disease with an ineffable feeling”, “feeling like being drained: physical weakness and a dysfunctional body”, “struggling with impaired physical mobility and facing unexpected events”, “suffering from mental exhaustion”, “receiving care from loved ones”, and “turning over a new leaf”. @*Conclusions@#Frailty in older patients with heart failure was obscure and difficult to describe. Frailty could be improved by medical intervention, self-management, and social support but was difficult to reverse. Patients with heart failure should be evaluated for frailty using multidimensional assessment tools at first diagnosis and provided frailty-related information so that patients have proper insight into their disease as early as possible.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2512-2521, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999114

ABSTRACT

To investigate the crucial role of particle size in the biological effects of nanoparticles, a series of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were prepared with particle size gradients (50, 100, 150, 200 nm) with the traditional Stober method and adjusting the type and ratio of the silica source. The correlation between toxicity and size-caused biological effects were then further examined both in vitro and in vivo. The results indicated that the prepared MSNs had a uniform size, good dispersal, and ordered mesoporous structure. Hemolytic toxicity was found to be independent of particle size. At the cellular level, MSNs with smaller particle sizes were more readily internalized by cells, which initiated to more intense oxidative stress, therefor inducing higher cytotoxicity, and apoptosis rate. In vivo studies demonstrated that MSNs primarily accumulated in the liver and kidneys of mice. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed that larger MSNs were eliminated more efficiently by the urinary system than smaller MSNs. The mice's body weight monitoring, blood tests, and pathological sections of major organs indicated good biocompatibility for MSNs of different sizes. Animal welfare and the animal experimental protocols were strictly consistent with related ethics regulations of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University. Overall, this study prepared MSNs with a particle size gradient to investigate the correlation between toxicity and particle size using macrophages and endothelial cells. The study also examined the biosafety of MSNs with different particle sizes in vivo and in vitro, which could help to improve the safety design strategy of MSNs for drug delivery systems.

11.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 771-781, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of Biejiajian Pill (BJJP) on intestinal microbiota in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis/liver fibrosis, and explore its relationship with liver fibrosis.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective, randomized double-blind controlled trial. Using the stratified block randomization method, 35 patients with hepatitis B liver cirrhosis/liver fibrosis were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive entecavir (0.5 mg/d) combined with BJJP (3 g/time, 3 times a day) or placebo (simulator as control, SC group, simulator 3 g/time, 3 times a day) for 48 weeks. Blood and stool samples were collected from patients at baseline and week 48 of treatment, respectively. Liver and renal functions as well as hematological indices were detected. Fecal samples were analyzed by 16S rDNA V3-V4 high-throughput sequencing, and intestinal microbiota changes in both groups before and after treatment were compared, and their correlations with liver fibrosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the SC group, there was no significant difference in liver function, renal function and hematology indices in the BJJP group, however, the improvement rate of liver fibrosis was higher in the BJJP group (94.4% vs. 64.7%, P=0.041). Principal coordinate analysis (PCoA) based on weighted Unifrac distance showed significant differences in intestinal microbiota community diversity before and after BJJP treatment (P<0.01 and P=0.003), respectively. After 48 weeks' treatment, the abundance levels of beneficial bacteria (Bifidobacteria, Lactobacillus, Faecalibacterium and Blautia) increased, whereas the abundance levels of potential pathogenic bacteria, including Escherichia coli, Bacteroides, Ruminococcus, Parabacteroides and Prevotella decreased, among which Ruminococcus and Parabacteroides were significantly positively correlated with degree of liver fibrosis (r=0.34, P=0.04; r=0.38, P=0.02), respectively. The microbiota in the SC group did not change significantly throughout the whole process of treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#BJJP had a certain regulatory effect on intestinal microbiota of patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis/liver fibrosis (ChiCTR1800016801).


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Prospective Studies , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Hepatitis B/drug therapy
12.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1143-1149, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009861

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the changes in the serum levels of Klotho, fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in children with idiopathic short stature (ISS) before and after recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment, as well as the correlation of Klotho and FGF23 with the growth hormone (GH)/IGF-1 growth axis in these children.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted on 33 children who were diagnosed with ISS in the Department of Pediatrics, Hebei Provincial People's Hospital, from March 10, 2021 to December 1, 2022 (ISS group). Twenty-nine healthy children, matched for age and sex, who attended the Department of Child Healthcare during the same period, were enrolled as the healthy control group. The children in the ISS group were treated with rhGH, and the serum levels of Klotho, FGF23, and IGF-1 were measured before treatment and after 3, 6, and 9 months of treatment. A correlation analysis was conducted on these indexes.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the serum levels of IGF-1, Klotho, and FGF23 between the ISS and healthy control groups (P>0.05). The serum levels of Klotho, FGF23, and IGF-1 increased significantly in the ISS group after 3, 6, and 9 months of rhGH treatment (P<0.05). In the ISS group, Klotho and FGF23 levels were positively correlated with the phosphate level before treatment (P<0.05). Before treatment and after 3, 6, and 9 months of rhGH treatment, the Klotho level was positively correlated with the IGF-1 level (P<0.05), the FGF23 level was positively correlated with the IGF-1 level (P<0.05), and the Klotho level was positively correlated with the FGF23 level (P<0.05), while Klotho and FGF23 levels were not correlated with the height standard deviation of point (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rhGH treatment can upregulate the levels of Klotho, FGF23, and IGF-1 and realize the catch-up growth in children with ISS. Klotho and FGF23 may not directly promote the linear growth of children with ISS, but may have indirect effects through the pathways such as IGF-1 and phosphate metabolism. The consistent changes in Klotho, FGF23 and IGF-1 levels show that there is a synergistic relationship among them in regulating the linear growth of ISS children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Human Growth Hormone/pharmacology , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/pharmacology , Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 , Prospective Studies , Growth Disorders , Phosphates/pharmacology , Body Height
13.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 155-159, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015349

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To investigate the effect of hippocampal brain derived neurotrophic factor precursor (proBDNF) in cognitive dysfuction induced by social isolation. Methods Thirty C57BL / 6 J male mice (4-week old) were randomly divided into group house (GH,n = 15) and socially isolated (SI,n = 15) groups. The GH group (5 mice / cage) and SI group (1 mice / cage) were reared separately under the same conditions. The novel object recognition test and the novel place recognition test were used to evaluate the cognitive function. The expression of BDNF mRNA in the hippocampus was detected by Real-time PCR. The expression of BDNF and proBDNF in hippocampus was detected by Western blotting. Matrix metallopeptidase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) were extracellular enzymes that catalyzed the transformation of proBDNF into mature BDNF. Expression of MMP-9 and tPA mRNA in the hippocampus were detected by Real-time PCR. Results Compared with the GH group, the SI group showed significantly reduced discrimination ratio in the novel object recognition test and novel place recognition test. The result of Real-time PCR showed that there was no difference in the expression of BDNF mRNA between SI group and GH group. The result of Western blotting showed that the expression level of proBDNF in the hippocampus of SI group increased significantly compared with the GH group (P<0. 01),and no difference in BDNF expression was found between the two groups; Compared with the GH group, the BDNF/ proBDNF ratio in the hippocampus of SI group decreased. In addition, the result of Real-time PCR showed that the expression level of MMP-9 and tPA mRNA in the hippocampus of SI group decreased significantly compared with the GH group. Conclusion The social isolation-induced cognitive dysfuction in mice may be related to the up-regulation of proBDNF in the hippocampus.

14.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 364-369, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986523

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is one of the most malignant tumors in the world. In China, the mortality rate of lung cancer has been in the first place for many years. Early screening and early diagnosis of lung cancer is the premise of prolonging the survival time of patients with lung cancer. In recent years, liquid biopsy technology, which is considered to have a bright future, has attracted more and more attention, and its value in the early diagnosis of lung cancer is worth discussing. This paper reviews the application of biomarkers in early screening and early diagnosis of lung cancer, looks for specific biomarkers from multi-omics, and discusses their significance in early diagnosis of lung cancer.

15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 67-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907035

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the isolation, culture and identification of mouse amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cell (AF-MSC). Methods The uteruses of pregnant mice were obtained under sterile conditions. The amniotic fluid was collected, filtered and centrifuged, and the precipitated cell mass was cultured and passaged. The morphology of AF-MSC was observed and the proliferation characteristics of AF-MSC were analyzed. The surface markers of AF-MSC were identified by flow cytometry. The osteogenic, chondrogenic and adipogenic differentiation capability of AF-MSC and cell vitality after cryopreservation and resuscitation were evaluated. Results The mouse AF-MSC was seen in typical spindle shape, and vortex structure could be observed when the cell confluency exceeded 80%. No evident latency was noted in the passage and culture of mouse AF-MSC. After 2-3 d culture, AF-MSC proliferated in the logarithmic growth stage with the fastest growth rate, which was slowed down and entered into the plateau period. AF-MSC expressed stem cell antigen (Sca)-1, CD29 and CD44 rather than CD34 and CD45. After the osteogenic differentiation of mouse AF-MSC, the mineralized crystals were stained in dark red spots by Alizarin red S staining. After chondrogenic differentiation, the secreted acid mucopolysaccharide was stained in light blue by Alcian blue. After adipogenic differentiation, cytoplasmic lipid droplets were stained in red by oil red O staining. After cryopreservation and resuscitation, the survival rate of AF-MSC exceeded 95%, and the growth status was excellent. The proliferation ability at 6 d was significantly better than that before cryopreservation (P < 0.05), and the proliferation ability at other time points did not significantly differ from that before cryopreservation (all P > 0.05). Conclusions Mouse AF-MSC may be successfully isolated with convenient procedure and the low cost. In addition, the isolated AF-MSC may be purified along with the increasing times of passage. Cryopreservation does not affect the proliferation ability of AF-MSC.

16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 618-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941483

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect and mechanism of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) on ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) induced by donor liver after cardiac death in rat models. Methods Rat models of orthotopic liver transplantation were established by "magnetic ring + double cuff" method. SD rats were randomly divided into the sham operation group (Sham group), orthotopic liver transplantation group (OLT group), NMN treatment + orthotopic liver transplantation group (NMN group), NMN+sirtuin-3 (Sirt3) inhibitor (3-TYP) + orthotopic liver transplantation group (NMN+3-TYP group), respectively. Pathological changes and hepatocyte apoptosis of the rats were observed in each group. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels were determined. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in liver tissues were detected. The expression levels of Sirt3, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)Ⅱ, PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1), Parkin and translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane 20 (TOMM20) in liver tissues were measured. Postoperative survival of the rats in each group was analyzed. Results Compared with the Sham group, serum ALT and AST levels were higher in the OLT group. Compared with the OLT group, the levels of ALT and AST were decreased in the NMN group. Compared with the NMN group, the levels of ALT and AST were increased in the NMN +3-TYP group (all P < 0.05). The liver tissue structure of rats in the Sham group was basically normal. In the OLT group, pathological changes, such as evident congestion, vacuolar degeneration and hepatocyte necrosis, were observed in the liver tissues. Compared with the Sham group, Suzuki score and apoptosis rate were higher in the OLT group. Suzuki score and apoptosis rate in the NMN group were lower than those in the OLT group. Suzuki score and apoptosis rate in the NMN+3-TYP group were higher compared with those in the NMN group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Sham group, the SOD content was decreased, whereas the MDA content was increased in the OLT group. Compared with the OLT group, the SOD content was increased, whereas the MDA content was decreased in the NMN group. Compared with the NMN group, the SOD content was decreased, whereas the MDA content was increased in the NMN+3-TYP group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Sham group, the relative expression levels of Sirt3 and TOMM20 proteins were down-regulated, whereas those of PINK1, Parkin and LC3Ⅱproteins were up-regulated in the OLT group. Compared with the OLT group, the relative expression levels of Sirt3, PINK1, Parkin and LC3Ⅱproteins were up-regulated, whereas that of TOMM20 protein was down-regulated in the NMN group. Compared with the NMN group, the relative expression levels of PINK1, Parkin and LC3Ⅱproteins were down-regulated, whereas that of TOMM20 protein was up-regulated in the NMN+3-TYP group (all P < 0.05). In the Sham group, the 7 d survival rate of rats was 100%, 50% in the OLT group, 75% in the NMN group and 58% in the NMN+3-TYP group, respectively. Conclusions NMN may enhance the antioxidative capacity of the liver, induce PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitochondrial autophagy, and alleviate IRI of the liver by up-regulating Sirt3, thereby playing a protective role in the donor liver after cardiac death.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 635-638, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965694

ABSTRACT

High-energy radiation derived from X-ray, γ-ray, neutrons, and other radioisotopes has been widely used for disease diagnosis and treatmentin clinical practice. Notably, high-energy radiation has been proven to increase the cure rate, prolong the survival time, and improve the quality of life among patients with malignant tumors. However, radiation poses huge threats to human health and life. Establishment of effective emergency management information systems for medical radiation is therefore of great significance to evaluate the radiation safety, predict the leakage of radioactive materials, and propose effective responses. This review summarizes the development and application of currently main emergency management information systems for medical radiation, so as to provide a reference for the establishment of sensitive and effective hospital-based radiation emergency management information systems.

18.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 745-750, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988442

ABSTRACT

In recent years, immunotherapy has made revolutionary breakthroughs in the field of lung cancer and has become an indispensable treatment for patients with advanced NSCLC. More patients treated with immunotherapy have achieved long-term survival. At present, immunotherapy is still a hot research hotspot. In order to better understand the development and changes of immunotherapy for advanced NSCLC, this article systematically and comprehensively reviews the clinical research progress of immunotherapy.

19.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e18-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915083

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Cytoreductive surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy is a standard frontline treatment for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). We aimed to develop an ovarian cancer risk score (OVRS) based on the expression of 10 ovarian-cancer-related genes to predict the chemoresistance, and outcomes of EOC patients. @*Methods@#We designed a case-control study with total 149 EOC women including 75 chemosensitives and 74 chemoresistants. Gene expression was measured using the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. We tested for correlation between the OVRS and chemosensitivity or chemoresistance, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS), and validated the OVRS by analyzing patients from the TCGA database. @*Results@#The chemosensitive group had lower OVRS than the chemoresistant group (5 vs.15, p≤0.001, Mann-Whitney U test). Patients with disease relapse (13 vs. 5, p60 months) of patients with OVRS ≥10 were significantly shorter than those of patients with OVRS <9). The high OVRS group also had significantly shorter median OS than the low OVRS group in 255 patients in the TCGA database (39 vs. 49 months, p=0.046). @*Conclusions@#Specific genes panel can be clinically applied in predicting the chemoresistance and outcome, and decision-making of epithelial ovarian cancer.

20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 718-722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911783

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is still a major part of the program about treating various head and neck cancers. While improving the survival rate of head and neck cancer patients, radiotherapy can cause the decline of learning, memory, orientation and other functions, seriously, even lead to dementia, namely radiation induced cognitive dysfunction (RICD), which has become a critical factor affecting the quality of life for patients. Because of occult onset and unclear pathogenesis, so far there is few effective preventive and therapeutic tools for RICD. In this paper, the latest research progress on the pathogenesis and treatments of RICD is summarized.

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