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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920741

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the polymorphism of Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) gene and predict B-cell epitopes in pLDH peptides in four species of human malaria parasites. Methods The blood samples and epidemiological characteristics were collected from malaria cases in Yunnan Province registered in the National Notifiable Disease Report System. The pLDH genes of four human Plasmodium species were amplified using nested PCR assay and sequenced. The polymorphisms of pLDH genes was analyzed using the software MEGA version 7.0.26 and DnaSP version 5.10, and the B-cell epitopes were predicted in pLDH peptides using the Immune Epitope Database (IEDB). Results The sequences of P. vivax LDH (PvLDH), P. falciparum LDH (PfLDH), P. ovale LDH (PoLDH) and P. malariae LDH (PmLDH) genes were obtained from 153, 29, 17 and 11 blood samples from patients with P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. ovale and P. malariae malaria, respectively, which included 15, 2, 4 and 2 haplotypes and had a nucleotide diversity (π) of 0.104. A high level of intra-species differentiation was seen in the PoLDH gene (π = 0.012), and the π values were all < 0.001 for PvLDH, PfLDH and PmLDH genes. Active regions of B-cell antigen were predicted in the pLDH peptide chain of four human malaria parasites, of 4 to 5 in each chain, and the activity score was approximately 0.430. Among these peptide chains, the “86-PGKSDKEWNRD-96” short-peptide was a B-cell epitope shared by all four species of human malaria parasites, and the “266-GQYGHS (T)-271” short-peptide was present in PvLDH and PoLDH peptide chains, while “212-EEVEGIFDR-220” was only found in the PvLDH peptide chain, and “208-LISDAE-213” was only seen in the PfLDH peptide chain. Conclusions The PoLDH gene polymorphism may be derived from the weak negative purification selection, while PvLDH, PfLDH and PmLDH genes may maintain a relatively conservative state. There may be two B-cell epitopes “212-EEVEGIFDR-220” and “208-LISDAE-213” in the proximal region of the C terminal in the pLDH peptide chain, which is feasible to differentiate between P. vivax and P. falciparum infections.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906416

ABSTRACT

As a typical representative of heat-clearing and detoxifying prescriptions, Huanglian Jiedutang (HJT) has various pharmacological activities and is widely used in clinical practice. The articles concerning the effect and clinical application of HJT published in recent years were retrieved from such databases as China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and PubMed to figure out HJT efficacy, especially in anti-inflammation, the corresponding action pathways, and its clinical application. It was found that the anti-inflammatory effect mainly resulted from HJT regulation of multiple pathways including interleukin-17 (IL-17) signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway, and neutrophil chemotaxis. The inflammatory cytokines in the serum were reduced via these pathways and thus the inflammation was inhibited. Because of its unique anti-inflammatory advantage, HJT has been widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, digestive system diseases, skin inflammation, sepsis, and other infectious diseases. In view of this, the paper reviewed the anti-inflammatory effect and clinical application of HJT, aiming to provide a reference for further research.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906100

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the change in life style, social environment, and national childbearing policy, the proportion of high-risk pregnant women has increased significantly, triggering the spectrum of obstetric diseases to constantly change, which has brought new challenges to the diagnosis and treatment of obstetrics. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been proved effective in dealing with a variety of obstetric diseases, and various treatment methods are available, which can serve as alternative means for solving refractory obstetric diseases. However, most obstetric clinicians are currently less aware of the therapeutic effects of TCM, which has significantly hindered its participation in clinical treatment. Therefore, the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) organized the outstanding young obstetricians of TCM and western medicine to discuss 15 obstetric diseases responding specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine, including hyperemesis gravidarum, threatened abortion, ectopic gestation, cough during pregnancy, pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome, maternal-fetal ABO incompatibility, postpartum hypogalactia, residual pregnancy tissue in uterine cavity, puerperal infection, pantalgia after childbirth, hematoma/undesirable healing after caesarean section, postpartum urinary retention, ileus after cesarean section, pelvic floor dysfunction, and postnatal depression. The suggestions for their treatment with TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine were also proposed, aiming to provide patients with effective and personalized treatments in clinical practice and improve the diagnosis and treatment effects of obstetric diseases, thus benefiting the public. At the same time, more obstetrical clinicians are expected to understand the therapeutic effects and advantages of TCM and draw on the strengths of both TCM and western, thereby promoting the establishment of an obstetric diagnosis and treatment system with Chinese characteristics.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888172

ABSTRACT

China has a long history of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing with multiple methods available. The pre-sent study collated and summarized the Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing methods recorded in 23 related herbal medicine books, all editions of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the 1988 edition of National Regulations for Processing of Chinese Medicine, and 20 current local processing specifications and standards. The results demonstrated various processing methods of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, such as removing residual part of stem, plantlet, or soil, smashing, filing, cutting, decocting, washing with wine, soaking in wine, and stir-frying with wine or blood from pig heart, while raw and wine-processed products are mainly used in modern times. Due to the lack of unified standards, the phenomena of multiple methods adopted in one place and different methods in different places have led to uneven quality of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma pieces, even affecting the safety and effectiveness of its clinical medication. This study is expected to provide a reference for the development of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing and its rational medication.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Roots , Rhizome , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Swine
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883327

ABSTRACT

Neuro-ophthalmological emergencies are some ocular manifestations, which are associated with the sight or life-threatening diseases if not promptly treated, including acute visual loss, sudden diplopia or anisocoria.Some severe nerve system or orbitocranial inflammatory diseases frequently present neuro-ophthalmological symptoms at the early stage.Acute visual loss is the common complaint of optic neuritis, arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis, and pituitary apoplexy.Diplopia usually occurs in cavernous sinus thrombosis or intracranial aneurysm because of cranial nerve palsies.Additionally, intracranial aneurysms and carotid artery dissecting aneurysm often present anisocoria initially.The clinical symptoms, signs, diagnosis and management of these disorders were reviewed from the point of emergency medicine, and the role of neuro-ophthalmological signs in the diagnosis was highlighted in this review, aiming to help ophthalmologists improve the awareness of these conditions, and emphasize the urgency of these signs.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865666

ABSTRACT

Nitric oxide (NO) is a second messenger playing crucial roles in the signaling of a variety of cellular functions. Due to its pathophysiological significance, various NO modulators have been developed to explore NO pathways and some have been used as therapies. These modulators are often used directly to observe pharmacological effects in cell lines, but their actual effect on intracellular NO level is seldom analyzed. Herein, facilitated by a selective and sensitive fluorescence probe, we observed that some NO modulators displayed unexpected behaviors with both NO scavenger carboxy-PTIO and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) inhibitor N(ω)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) failing to decrease intra-cellular free NO level in EA. hy926 cells while NO donor diethylamine-NONOate (DEA?NONOate) and eNOS activator calcimycin (A23187) failing to increase free NO level in human umbilical vein endothelial cell line (HUV-EC-C), although the reagents were confirmed to work normally in the primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (primary HUVECs) and RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Further research suggested that these unusual behaviors might be attributed to the cellular microenvironments including both the NO synthase (NOS) level and the endogenous glutathione (GSH) level. Genetically manipulating eNOS level in both cells restores the expected response, while decreasing GSH level restores the ability of DEA?NONOate to increase NO level in HUV-EC-C. These results reveal that the cellular microenvironment has a profound impact on pharmacological effect. Our study suggests GSH as a reservoir for NO in live cells and highlights the value of chemical probes as valuable tools to reveal microenvironment-dependent pharmacological effects.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1268-1275, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827642

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We aimed to describe and analyze the pre-hospital emergency medical service (EMS) in Beijing and provide information for the government and medical institutions to optimize EMS.@*METHODS@#We collected all pre-hospital emergency data in Beijing from 2008 to 2017. The chief complaint in each case was classified according to the Medical Priority Dispatch System (MPDS). The sites' administrative districts were determined through geo-encoding of addresses and then classified into four functional regions. We analyzed the demand for EMS, emergency response times (ERT), and disease spectrum for Beijing as a whole, and for each functional region.@*RESULTS@#A total of 4,192,870 pre-hospital EMS cases met the inclusion criteria, with a significant increase (P < 0.001) of 51.60% from 2008 to 2017. EMS demand was positively associated with population (r = 0.946, P < 0.001). The pre-hospital EMS demand rate was 1907.05 in 2008 and 2172.23 in 2017 per 100,000, with no significant change (P = 0.57). ERT increased significantly (P = 0.001), from 19.18 min in 2008 to 24.51 min in 2016. According to MPDS classifications, the demand for pre-hospital care increased for 14 diseases, remained stable for 19, and decreased for only 1 disease. Cases of injury-related disease increased significantly from approximately 90,000 in 2017, accounting for 20% of all pre-hospital EMS cases, and the demand rate decreased in the core region but increased in the sub-urban regions. Cases of heart problems and stroke/transient ischemic attack also increased significantly in the four functional regions, with the highest demand rate in the Core Functional Region.@*CONCLUSIONS@#More resources and effort should be devoted to pre-hospital EMS according to the increased pre-hospital EMS demand and prolonged ERT in Beijing over our 10-year study period. Changes in disease spectrum and differences between functional regions should also be considered.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2219-2228, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826417

ABSTRACT

Sepsis remains a significant cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality in China. A better understanding of neonatal sepsis in China as compared with other industrialized and non-industrialized countries may help optimize neonatal health care both regionally and globally. Literature cited in this review was retrieved from PubMed using the keywords "neonatal sepsis," "early-onset (EOS)" and "late-onset (LOS)" in English, with the focus set on population-based studies. This review provides an updated summary regarding the epidemiology, pathogen profile, infectious work-up, and empirical treatment of neonatal sepsis within and beyond China. The incidence of neonatal EOS and the proportion of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) within pathogens causing EOS in China seem to differ from those in developed countries, possibly due to different population characteristics and intrapartum/postnatal health care strategies. Whether to adopt GBS screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis in China remains highly debatable. The pathogen profile of LOS in China was shown to be similar to other countries. However, viruses as potential pathogens of neonatal LOS have been underappreciated. Growing antimicrobial resistance in China reflects limitations in adapting antibiotic regimen to local microbial profile and timely cessation of treatment in non-proven bacterial infections. This review stresses that the local epidemiology of neonatal sepsis should be closely monitored in each institution. A prompt and adequate infectious work-up is critically important in diagnosing neonatal sepsis. Adequate and appropriate antibiotic strategies must be overemphasized to prevent the emergence of multi-resistant bacteria in China.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872395

ABSTRACT

Patient participation in patient safety serves as one of the objectives in patient safety management, and as a priority research area in patient safety, bearing critical importance in ensuring patient safety, and reducing or avoiding medical adverse events. Children′s Hospital of Fudan University has made active explorations to promote patients in patient safety by inviting patient participation. The measures taken include empowering the child patient families and encouraging their proactive awareness and involvement, especially in establishing an advisory council of child patient parents as a platform for patient participation in patient safety. The research found that as a doctor-patient communication and collaboration platform, the council proves highly effective. It can optimally integrate child patient families, medical institutions, and third-party supervisors, making worthy contributions to discovering patient safety hazards, improving patient safety issues, and promoting patient participation in patient safety.From patient perspectives, the council plays an important role in awareness advocating, suggestions, and communication assistance. At the same time, the three-level participation of the council provides new horizons for encouraging participation awareness of patients, broaden channels of participation and capabilities of patient participation.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773368

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#We aimed to explore how fermented barley extracts with Lactobacillus plantarum dy-1 (LFBE) affected the browning in adipocytes and obese rats.@*METHODS@#In vitro, 3T3-L1 cells were induced by LFBE, raw barley extraction (RBE) and polyphenol compounds (PC) from LFBE to evaluate the adipocyte differentiation. In vivo, obese SD rats induced by high fat diet (HFD) were randomly divided into three groups treated with oral gavage: (a) normal control diet with distilled water, (b) HFD with distilled water, (c) HFD with 800 mg LFBE/kg body weight (bw).@*RESULTS@#In vitro, LFBE and the PC in the extraction significantly inhibited adipogenesis and potentiated browning of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, rather than RBE. In vivo, we observed remarkable decreases in the body weight, serum lipid levels, white adipose tissue (WAT) weights and cell sizes of brown adipose tissues (BAT) in the LFBE group after 10 weeks. LFBE group could gain more mass of interscapular BAT (IBAT) and promote the dehydrogenase activity in the mitochondria. And LFBE may potentiate process of the IBAT thermogenesis and epididymis adipose tissue (EAT) browning via activating the uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1)-dependent mechanism to suppress the obesity.@*CONCLUSION@#These results demonstrated that LFBE decreased obesity partly by increasing the BAT mass and the energy expenditure by activating BAT thermogenesis and WAT browning in a UCP1-dependent mechanism.


Subject(s)
3T3 Cells , Adipocytes , Physiology , Adipose Tissue, Brown , Physiology , Adipose Tissue, White , Physiology , Animal Feed , Animals , Anti-Obesity Agents , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Diet , Fermentation , Hordeum , Chemistry , Lactobacillus plantarum , Chemistry , Male , Mice , Obesity , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Probiotics , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Uncoupling Protein 1 , Genetics , Metabolism
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 161-170, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772854

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#DNA methylation is involved in numerous biologic events and associates with transcriptional gene silencing, playing an important role in the pathogenesis of endometrial cancer. ESR1/PGR frequently undergoes de novo methylation and loss expression in a wide variety of tumors, including breast, colon, lung, and brain tumors. However, the mechanisms underlying estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER/PR) loss in endometrial cancer have not been studied extensively. The aims of this study were to determine the expression of DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 3A/3B (DNMT3A/3B) in endometrial cancer to investigate whether the methylation catalyzed by DNMT3A/3B contributes to low ER/PR expression.@*METHODS@#The clinicopathologic information and RNA-Seq expression data of DNMT3A/3B of 544 endometrial cancers were derived from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) uterine cancer cohort in May 2018. RNA-Seq level of DNMT3A/3B was compared between these clinicopathologic factors with t-test or one-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#DNMT3A/3B was overexpressed in endometrioid carcinoma (EEC) and was even higher in non-endometrioid carcinoma (NEEC) (DNMT3A, EEC vs. NEEC: 37.6% vs. 69.9%, t = -7.440, P < 0.001; DNMT3B, EEC vs. NEEC: 42.4% vs. 72.8%, t = -6.897, P < 0.001). In EEC, DNMT3A overexpression was significantly correlated with the hypermethylation and low expression of the ESR1 and PGR (P < 0.05). The same trend was observed in the DNMT3B overexpression subgroup. In the ESR1/PGR low-expression subgroups, as much as 83.1% of ESR1 and 59.5% of PGR were hypermethylated, which was significantly greater than the ESR1/PGR high-expression subgroups (31.3% and 11.9%, respectively). However, the above phenomena were absent in NEEC, while DNMT3A/3B overexpression, ESR1/PGR hypermethylation, and low ER/PR expression occurred much more often. In univariate analysis, DNMT3A/3B overexpressions were significantly correlated with worse prognosis. In multivariate analysis, only DNMT3A was an independent predictor of disease-free survival (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#DNMT3A/3B expression increases progressively from EEC to NEEC and is correlated with poor survival. The mechanisms underlying low ER/PR expression might be distinct in EEC vs. NEEC. In EEC, methylation related to DNMT3A/3B overexpression might play a major role in ER/PR downregulation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Endometrioid , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA Methylation , Genetics , Endometrial Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically and comprehensively analyze coumarin components in Angelicae Sihensis Radix by an efficient and stable HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS method,in order to offer the theoretical basis to develop coumarin,establish the quality control standard and apply in clinic. Method:The separation effect of coumarin components was extracted by adjusting the column,temperature,mobile phase,flow rate,sample concentration and other conditions,and various coumarin components in Angelicae Sihensis Radix were identified by corresponding standards,precise molecular mass,polarity,pyrolysis pattern. Result:In this study,a high-efficiency and stable coumarin separation method was established that can be used to separate complex components,and 14 coumarin components were identified in this study,including phellopterin and osthenol that were rarely reported as effective components in Angelicae Sihensis Radix. Major fragment ions of coumarin components were analyzed. The cleavage in methoxy bond or anisole bond on the parent nucleus was the primary pattern for coumarin components, which was summarized for detecting unknowing coumarins. Conclusion:Abundant coumarins were contained in Angelicae Sihensis Radix. Further qualitative and quantitative analysis of coumarins are conducive to improving the quality standards of Angelicae Sihensis Radix,and providing reference for the development of coumarins and clinical application of Angelicae Sinensis Radix.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture at abdomen acupoints plus tuina for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH).Methods:A total of 70 patients with LIDH were randomized into an observation group and a control group,with 35 cases in each group.The observation group was treated with acupuncture at abdomen acupoints plus tuina,while the control group was treated only with tuina treatment.The clinical efficacy was observed after one course of treatment.Results:The cure rate and the total effective rate of the observation group were 83.3% and 96.7%,respectively.The cure rate and the total effective rate of the control group were 39.4% and 78.8%,respectively.There were significant differences in the cured rate and the total effective rate between the two groups (both P<0.05).There was no significant difference in Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score between the two groups before treatment (P>0.05).After treatment,the JOA scores of both groups increased significantly,and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (both P<0.05);the JOA score of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion:Acupuncture at abdomen acupoints plus tuina has a better therapeutic effect than tuina alone in the treatment of LIDH.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 692-695, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754212

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of corneal plastic surgery on stereopsis and dynamic regulation of myopia and the mechanism of myopia.Methods From March 2015-March 2016,83 cases (166 eyes) myopia children in our hospital were subjected to corneal plastic surgery.The naked eye distant visual acuity,naked eye near visual acuity,naked eye near stereoscopic sharpness,dynamic adjustment function [Near point of accommodation (NP),adjusted sensitivity (AF),negative relative adjustment (NRA),positive relative adjustment (PRA)] and intraocular pressure,anterior chamber depth,central corneal thickness and axial length of children before wearing glasses,wearing glasses 6 months later,wearing glasses 12 months later were compared.Results The distant and near visual acuity,AF and PRA of naked eyes after 12 months wearing glasses were higher than those after 6 months wearing glasses,and all the above indexes were higher than those before wearing glasses,with statistically significant difference (P < 0.05).After 12 months wearing glasses,the acuity of naked near stereopsis,NP and NRA were lower than those after 6 months wearing glasses,and all the above indexes 6 months after wearing glasses were lower than those before wearing glasses (P < 0.05).There were no significant differences in intraocular pressure,anterior chamber depth,central corneal thickness and axial length between children before wearing glasses,6 months after wearing glasses and 12 months after wearing glasses (P > 0.05).Conclusions Corneal plastic surgery can significantly correct the visual acuity of children,improve their stereovision,control the progression of myopia,improve the ocular adjustment function of children,and its safety is high.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790192

ABSTRACT

Objective: To predict B cell and T cell epitopes of 22-kDa, 47-kDa, 56-kDa and 58-kDa proteins. Methods: The sequences of 22-kDa, 47-kDa, 56-kDa and 58-kDa proteins which were derived from Orientia tsutsugamushi were analyzed by SOPMA, DNAstar, Bcepred, ABCpred, NetMHC, NetMHCⅡ and IEDB. The 58-kDa tertiary structure model was built by MODELLER9.17. Results: The 22-kDa B-cell epitopes were located at positions 194-200, 20-26 and 143-154, whereas the T-cell epitopes were located at positions 154-174, 95-107, 17-25 and 57-65. The 47-kDa protein B-cell epitopes were at positions 413-434, 150-161 and 283-322, whereas the T-cell epitopes were located at positions 129-147, 259-267, 412-420 and 80-88. The 56-kDa protein B-cell epitopes were at positions 167-173, 410-419 and 101-108, whereas the T-cell epitopes were located at positions 88-104, 429-439, 232-240 and 194-202. The 58-kDa protein B-cell epitopes were at positions 312-317, 540-548 and 35-55, whereas the T-cell epitopes were located at positions 415-434, 66-84 and 214-230. Conclusions: We identified candidate epitopes of 22-kDa, 47-kDa, 56-kDa and 58-kDa proteins from Orientia tsutsugamushi. In the case of 58-kDa, the dominant antigen is displayed on tertiary structure by homology modeling. Our findings will help target additional recombinant antigens with strong specificity, high sensitivity, and stable expression and will aid in their isolation and purification.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818998

ABSTRACT

In this paper, a case of pleural amoebic empyema and its diagnosis and treatment were reported.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817751

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】 To examine a potential correlation between corneal biomechanical properties with lamina cribrosa thickness.【Methods】Thirty-two patients with POAG,20 with NTG,15 with OHT and 26 healthy controls were included in the cross- sectional study. The parameters of corneal biomechanical properties and lamina cribrosa thickness were compared among POAG,NTG,OHT and healthy subjects by mixed-model analysis of variance(ANOVA). Spearman′ s coefficient of rank correlation analysis was used to assess the association between parameters of deformation response and clinical factors. 【Results】 The Cronbach′ s α of lamina cribrosa thickness was 0.911,and ICC was more than 0.8. Laminar thickness was thinner in the POAG and NTG groups than in the OHT group and Normal group(P < 0.05). There were no significant differences between OHT and normal groups(P = 0.653). Correlation analysis showed that LCT and some important corneal biomechanical properties had significant correlation (P = 0.000). 【Conclusions】 LCT showed different characteristic in glaucoma,and it may be an important factor for glaucoma progression. LCT and corneal biomechanical properties showed significant correlation ,and corneal biomechanical properties may be used to evaluate the biomechanical properties of optic nerve.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1845-1850, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780320

ABSTRACT

Chemotherapy resistance is the main cause of poor prognosis in patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Pyroptosis is one of the anti-tumor mechanisms by chemotherapy drugs. Studies have shown that DEP-domain containing mTOR-interacting protein (DEPTOR) is correlated with sorafenib and gefitnib resistance, which is discovered as a naturally negative regulator of mammalian/mechanistic target of rapamicin (mTOR). In this study, DEPTOR knockdown (shDEPTOR) lentivirus was used to establish the stable DEPTOR knockdown ESCC cell lines. The results showed that knockdown of DEPTOR reduced chemosensitivity to cisplatin in ESCC cells in vitro. The lower expression of DEPTOR caused less extensive morphological characteristics of pyroptosis than that was observed in sh-con cells with the treatment of cisplain. Further studies showed that knockdown of DEPTOR induced downregulation of Caspase-1 expression and reduction of Caspase-1 activation, thereby inhibiting the activation of the classical pathway of pyroptosis. This paper demonstrates that DEPTOR can improve cisplatin chemosensitivity in ESCC cells via inducing Caspase-1-mediated pyroptosis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To report on concurrent mutations of APC and MLH1 genes identified in a family affected with familial adenomatous polyposis(FAP). METHODS The proband was diagnosed with FAP based on her clinical manifestation, family history and histopathology examination. She developed endometrial epithelial neoplasia(EIN) two years later. With peripheral blood samples collected from her and members of her family, genomic DNA was extracted, and mutations of the APC and MLH1 genes were analyzed by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS Two novel heterozygous mutations were identified respectively in the APC gene(c.637C>T, p.R213X) and the MLH1 gene(c.1153C>T, p.R385C) in the proband. The former has resulted in a truncated protein, while the latter has led to substitution of Arginine by Cystine. CONCLUSION The concurrent mutations of the APC and MLH1 genes probably underline the FAP and Lynch syndrome(LS) in this pedigree. As the first female identified with such mutations, the proband manifested later onset of symptoms with certain degree of variation. For patient with FAP, a detailed family history should be taken.Potential mutation of the APC gene should be screened.Non-intestinal manifestations should be searched. For those who have developed endometrial lesion such as EIN, mutation of the MMR gene (associated with LS) should also be screened.

20.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 730-735, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807595

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the distributions of Candida albicans (Ca), which are closely associated to early childhood caries (ECC) of young children, in 3-5-year-old children of Mongolian, Uygur and Han ethnic groups in Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture of Xinjiang Urgur Autonomous Region, so as to provide scientific basis for the early prediction and prevention of caries locally.@*Methods@#Totally 1 089 healthy children aged 3 to 5 years old (Mongolian 136, Uygur 403 and Han 550; 568 males and 521 females) were randomly selected by stratified and cluster sampling method. The children in early childhood caries group were 786 and in caries free group were 303. Dental plaque samples were collected from the carious tooth tissues and supragingival sites, respectively. Samples were isolated and cultured by different media. Ca were identified by Gram stain, germ tube test, PCR method and internal transcribed spacer region sequencing methods. Ca isolated were further typed by using PCR-25SrDNA genotype method. Pearson χ2 test and Spearman rank correlation were used to analyze the differences in genotypes of Ca amongst three ethnic groups and the relationship between decayed missing filled tooth (dmft) classification and detection of Ca.@*Results@#The Ca was significantly higher in the ECC group [14.4% (113/786)] than in the caries free group [7.6% (23/303)] (P=0.002). The identified rate of Ca in Mongolian group was [11.8% (16/136)], which was significantly lower than that of Uygur group [17.9% (72/403)] and higher than that of Han group [8.7% (48/550)] (χ2=10.192, P=0.006). Among the male children, the identified rate of Ca in Mongolian group was [10.0% (8/80)], which was significantly lower than that of Uygur group [21.7% (44/203)] and higher than that of Han group [8.4% (24/285)] (χ2=18.887, P=0.000). Among the female children, the detection rates of Ca were [14.3% (8/56)] in Mongolian group, [14.0% (28/200)] in Uygur group and [9.1% (24/265)] in Han group. There were no significant differences among the three ethnic groups (χ2=3.206, P=0.201). The identification rates of oral Ca in Uygur and Han ECC groups were correlated with the decayed, missing and filled teeth (Uygur r=0.195, P=0.001; Han r=0.145, P=0.004). Totally 136 Ca samples were divided into 3 types by PCR-25SrDNA method, and the predominant type was type A [55.1% (75/136)].@*Conclusions@#The distribution of oral Ca among children were ethnically different. Uygur male children carrying Ca were more susceptible to dental caries. Ca might be a risk factor for ECC. There was no specific cariogenic genotype in Ca isolated. There were no associations between ethnic factors and the genotypes of Ca isolated.

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