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1.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 815-822, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985479

ABSTRACT

Perfluorinated compounds, especially Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), are widely detected in water environments in China. Considering the potential health risks of drinking water exposure routes, PFOA and PFOS have been added to the water quality reference index of the newly issued "Standards for Drinking Water Quality (GB5749-2022)", with limit values of 40 and 80 ng/L, respectively. This study analyzed and discussed the relevant technical contents for determining the limits of the hygiene standard, including the environmental existence level and exposure status of PFOA and PFOS, health effects, derivation of safety reference values, and determination of hygiene standard limits. It also proposed prospects for the future direction of formulating drinking water standards.


Subject(s)
Humans , Water Quality , Drinking Water , Fluorocarbons/analysis , Caprylates/analysis , China , Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis
2.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 526-535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985673

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects and safety of dydrogesterone (DG) and medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) on the treatment in patients with endometrial hyperplasia without atypia (EH). Methods: This was a single-center, open-label, prospective non-inferior randomized controlled phase Ⅲ trial. From February 2019 to November 2021, patients with EH admitted to the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University were recruited. Enrolled patients were stratified according to the pathological types of simple hyperplasia (SH) or complex hyperplasia (CH), and were randomised to receive MPA or DG. Untill May 14, 2022, the median follow-up time after complete response (CR) was 9.3 months (1.1-17.2 months). The primary endpoint was the 6-month CR rate (6m-CR rate). The secondary endpoints included the 3-month CR rate (3m-CR rate), adverse events rate, recurrence rate, and pregnancy rate in one year after CR. Results: (1) A total of 292 patients with EH were enrolled in the study with the median age of 39 years (31-45 years). A total of 135 SH patients were randomly assigned to MPA group (n=67) and DG group (n=68), and 157 CH patients were randomly assigned to MPA group (n=79) and DG group (n=78). (2) Among 292 patients, 205 patients enrolled into the primary endpoint analysis, including 92 SH patients and 113 CH patients, with 100 patients in MPA group and 105 in DG group, respectively. The 6m-CR rate of MPA group and DG group were 90.0% (90/100) and 88.6% (93/105) respectively, and there were no statistical significance (χ2=0.11, P=0.741), with the rate difference (RD) was -1.4% (95%CI:-9.9%-7.0%). Stratified by the pathology types, the 6m-CR rate of SH patients was 93.5% (86/92), and MPA group and DG group were respectively 91.1% (41/45) and 95.7% (45/47); and the 6m-CR rate of CH patients was 85.8% (97/113), and MPA group and DG group were 89.1% (49/55) and 82.8% (48/58) respectively. The 6m-CR rates of the two treatments had no statistical significance either (all P>0.05). A total of 194 EH patients enrolled into the secondary endpoint analysis, including 88 SH patients and 106 CH patients, and 96 patients in MPA group and 98 in DG group, respectively. The 3m-CR rate of SH patients were 87.5% (77/88), while the 3m-CR rates of MPA group and DG group were 90.7% (39/43) and 84.4% (38/45), respectively; the 3m-CR rate of CH patients was 66.0% (70/106), and MPA group and DG group had the same 3m-CR rate of 66.0% (35/53). No statistical significance was found between the two treatments both in SH and CH patients (all P>0.05). (3) The incidence of adverse events between MPA group and DG group had no statistical significance (P>0.05). (4) A total of 93 SH patients achieved CR, and the cumulative recurrence rate in one year after CR were 5.9% and 0 in MPA group and DG group, respectively. While 112 CH patients achieved CR, and the cumulative recurrence rate in one year after CR were 8.8% and 6.5% in MPA group and DG group, respectively. There were no statistical significance between two treatment groups (all P>0.05). Among the 93 SH patients, 10 patients had family planning but no pregnancy happened during the follow-up period. Among the 112 CH patients, 21 were actively preparing for pregnancy, and the pregnancy rate and live-birth rate in one year after CR in MPA group were 7/9 and 2/7, while in DG group were respectively 4/12 and 2/4, and there were no statistical significance in pregnancy rate and live-birth rate between the two treatment groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Compared with MPA, DG is of good efficacy and safety in treating EH. DG is a favorable alternative treatment for EH patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Medroxyprogesterone Acetate/adverse effects , Endometrial Hyperplasia/pathology , Dydrogesterone/adverse effects , Hyperplasia , Prospective Studies
3.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 581-587, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994363

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of the interaction between metabolic syndrome and smoking on the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events.Methods:Urban residents aged 40 and above in the Yunyan District of Guiyang City were selected from " Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals: A lONgitudinal(REACTION) Study". The baseline survey started in 2011 and general information including gender, age, medical history, lifestyle habits, and smoking status were collected. Additionally, biochemical indicators related to metabolic syndrome(MS) were measured. The study participants were then followed up, and the first cardiovascular events occurring after the initial survey were recorded. The average follow-up period was 10.07±1.49 years. The interaction between metabolic syndrome and smoking on subsequent cardiovascular events was analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models.Results:The study included a total of 7 275 individuals, among whom 639 experienced cardiovascular events. After adjusting for multiple variables, compared to non-smokers without metabolic syndrome(MS), smokers with MS showed a higher risk of cardiovascular events, with a hazard ratio( HR) of 6.54(95% CI 4.88, 8.78). This risk was higher than that of individuals with MS who never smoked [ HR 1.39(95% CI 1.11, 1.75)] and non-MS smokers [ HR 2.48(95% CI 1.77, 3.49)]. There was an additive interaction between MS and smoking on the occurrence of cardiovascular events, with a relative excess risk due to interaction(RERI) of 3.30(95% CI 1.89, 4.70), an attributable proportion(AP) of 0.55(95% CI 0.43, 0.59), and a synergy index(S) of 3.07(95% CI 1.94, 4.84). Furthermore, when stratifying the duration of smoking cessation, long-term quitters(≥8 years) showed a lower risk of cardiovascular events compared to current smokers, regardless of whether they had MS. The hazard ratios were 0.45(95% CI 0.26, 0.78) for individuals with MS and 0.42(95% CI 0.19, 0.95) for individuals without MS. Conclusions:There is an additive interaction between smoking and MS on the risk of cardiovascular events. The coexistence of both factors significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular events.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 210-214, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of omacycline with meropenem plus linezolid in the treatment of patients with pulmonary infection.Methods:The clinical data of 58 patients with pulmonary infection admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou Red Cross Hospital and Jiande First People’s Hospital from December 2021 to May 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the omacycline group ( n=29) and the meropenem combined with linezolid group (combined group, n=29). The omacycline group was given intravenous omacycline 200 mg or 100 mg, q. d, and the combined group was given intravenous meropenem (1 000 mg, t.i.d) and linezolid (600 mg, b. i.d). The clinical efficacy and drug-related adverse events of two groups were observed. SPSS 22.0 statistical software was used for data analysis. Results:In the omacycline group, 8 cases (27.6%, 8/29) were cured, 19 cases (65.5%, 19/29) were improved, and 2 cases (6.9%, 2/29) were worsened. In the combined group, 1 case (3.4%, 1/29) was cured, 26 cases (89.7%, 26/29) were improved, and 2 cases (6.9%, 2/29) died. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=6.533, P=0.038). The respiratory failure occurred in 3 cases (10.3%, 3/29) of the omacycline group and 5 cases (17.2%, 5/29) of the combined group ( χ2=0.580, P=0.446). In those patients who were cured or improved, the median time from treatment initiation to disease remission was 3.0 (2.0, 5.5) d in the omacycline group and 5.0 (4.0, 6.0) d in the combined group ( Z=-2.122, P=0.034). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups [6.9% (2/29) vs. 13.8% (4/29), χ2=0.744, P=0.389]. Conclusion:Omacycline exhibits a good efficacy and safety in the treatment of patients with pulmonary infection, which may be prioritized for the treatment of pulmonary infections.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 443-448, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964246

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of foveal-sparing internal limiting membrane peeling(FSIP)or complete internal limiting membrane peeling(CMIP)for the treatment of myopic traction maculopathy(MTM)during vitrectomy.METHODS: CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched from January 1th 2000 to July 1th 2022, and studies that compared FSIP and CMIP for MTM were collected. The change and recovery rate of best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), incidence of full-thickness macular hole(FTMH), change of central foveal thickness(CFT)and the rate of complete reattachment.RESULTS: A total of 484 eyes from 12 literatures were included, with 203 eyes in the FSIP group and 281 eyes in the CMIP group. The results of Meta-analysis showed that FSIP group were superior to the CMIP group in the mean change of BCVA(SMD=0.52, 95%CI: 0.20~0.85, P=0.002), the improvement rate of BCVA(RR=1.50, 95%CI: 1.22~1.85, P=0.0002)and the incidence of postoperative FTMH(RR=0.23, 95%CI: 0.10~0.54, P=0.0008). There was no statistical difference between the two surgical methods in terms of mean change in CFT(SMD=0.04, 95%CI: -0.19~0.26, P=0.75)and the rate of complete reattachment(RR=1.12, 95%CI: 0.94~1.32, P=0.20).CONCLUSION: FSIP have similar anatomical outcomes compared to CMIP, but FSIP resulted in better visual acuity and lower incidence of postoperative FTMH.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1622-1626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977853

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for clinically safe application of avapritinib. METHODS The adverse drug event (ADE) reports of avapritinib from January 9th,2020,to September 30th,2022 were collected from FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database. For data mining and analysis,reporting odds ratio (ROR) method and proportional reporting ratio (PRR) method in the proportional imbalance method were utilized. RESULTS A total of 10 895 ADE reports with avapritinib as the main suspect drug were gathered,and 201 ADE signals involving 19 systematic organ classifications were found after eliminating invalid signals. The instruction of the drugs did not mention any of the ADE,including tinnitus,dementia,chilly limbs, the reduction of blood iron,the reduction of blood sugar,fever,the reduction of vitamin D and vitamin B12,as well as all ADE in the 2 SOCs of musculoskeletal and connective tissue illnesses,diseases of the reproductive system,and diseases of the breast. The majority of the ADE reports 670 cases with complete drug information were for the nervous system (230 cases,accounting for 34.33%) and ocular organ (277 cases,accounting for 41.34%). Compared with other systems,daily dose and treatment course showed significant effects on ADE of neurological system and ocular organ (P<0.05),and the patient’s age had a significant impact on the ADE of the nervous system (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS A greater incidence of ADE after using avapritinib is present in patients older than 65 with a daily dose of 300 mg/d and a treatment period lasting between 31 and 90 days; patients receiving a daily dose of 300 mg/d and a treatment regimen lasting 31 to 90 days are more likely to experience ADE of the ocular organ. Attention should be given to the aberrant symptoms of the patient’s eyes and nervous system throughout clinical use of avapritinib,and prompt intervention should be given.

7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 78-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971276

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of the thickness of mixed cardboard on the compressive strength of glass ionomer cement and the associated factors.@*METHODS@#Three different types of glass ionomer cements were mixed on the top of 60, 40, 20 and 1 pieces of paper (P60, P40, P20 and P1), respectively. The compressive strength of the materials was tested after solidification, and the bubble rate was calculated with the assistance of scanning electron microscope.@*RESULTS@#(1) Compressive strength: ① ChemFil Superior glass ionomer (CF): The average compressive strength of P1 group was the highest, which was significantly different from that of P40 and P60 groups (P values were 0.041 and 0.032 respectively); ② To Fuji IX GP glass ionomer (IX): The average compressive strength of P1 group was the highest, which was statistically different from that of P40 and P60 groups (P values were 0.042 and 0.038 respectively); ③ Glaslonomer FX-Ⅱ glass ionomer cement (FX): The average compressive strength of P1 group was the highest, which was statistically different from that of P20, P40 and P60 groups (P values were 0.031, 0.040 and 0.041 respectively), but there was no statistical difference among the other groups. All the three materials showed that the compressive strength of glass ions gradually increased with the decrease of the thickness of the blended paperboard, and the two materials had a highly linear negative correlation, the correlation coefficients of which were CF-0.927, IX-0.989, FX-0.892, respectively. (2) Scanning electron microscope: P1 group had the least bubbles among the three materials.@*CONCLUSION@#It indicates that the thickness of mixed cardboard has a negative correlation with the compressive strength of glass ions. The thicker the mixed cardboard is, the greater the elasticity is. Excessive elasticity will accelerate the mixing speed when the grinding glass ions. Studies have shown that the faster the speed of artificial mixing is, the more bubbles is produced.The thicker ther mixed cardboard is, the more bubblesn are generated by glass ionomer cement, and the higher the compressive strength is. Using one piece of paper board to mix glass ionomer cement has the least bubbles and can obtain higher compressive strength.


Subject(s)
Compressive Strength , Materials Testing , Glass Ionomer Cements , Silicon Dioxide
8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 120-124, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969853

ABSTRACT

Intestinal flora and its metabolites are closely related to the progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). Eubacterium is one of the dominant intestinal flora, and its metabolites short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) play a leading role in regulating intestinal metabolic balance. It has been reported that SCFAs can regulate the secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1, improve the function of pancreatic β cells, participate in bile acids metabolism and regulate the production of inflammatory factors in T2DM. Based on the above research background, this article mainly reviews the relationship between Eubacterium and its metabolite SCFAs and T2DM and its regulatory mechanism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Eubacterium/metabolism , Fatty Acids, Volatile/metabolism , Gastrointestinal Microbiome
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 816-822, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the regulation of mitochondria on platelet apoptosis and activation, and the relationship between platelet apoptosis and activation.@*METHODS@#Platelets were isolated from peripheral venous blood of healthy volunteers. Cyclosporin A (CsA), which has a protective effect on the function of platelet mitochondria, BAPTA, which can chelate calcium ions across membranes in platelets, and NAC, an antioxidant that reduces the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species, were selected for coincubation with washed platelets, respectively. By flow cytometry, platelet aggregator was used to detect the changes of platelet mitochondrial function and platelet activation indexes after different interventions.@*RESULTS@#H89, staurosporine, and A23187 led to platelet mitochondrial abnormalities, while CsA could effectively reverse the decline of platelet mitochondrial membrane potential caused by them. Antioxidant NAC could reverse platelet mitochondrial damage correspondingly, and completely reverse platelet shrinkage and phosphatidylserine eversion induced by H89. BAPTA, prostaglandin E1, acetylsalicylic acid and other inhibitors could not reverse the decline of platelet mitochondrial membrane potential.@*CONCLUSION@#Mitochondrial function plays an important role in platelet apoptosis and activation. Abnormal mitochondrial function causes the imbalance of reduction/oxidation state in platelets, which leads to platelet apoptosis. Platelet apoptosis and activation are independent signal processes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Platelets/metabolism , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Mitochondria/physiology , Platelet Activation , Apoptosis , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Reactive Oxygen Species/pharmacology
10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 865-872, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association of cardiometabolic index(CMI) and other body fat evaluation indicators [body mass index(BMI), waist circumference(WC), waist to height ratio(WHtR), lipid accumulation index(LAP)] with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome(MS) as well as the predictive value of the above indicators for MS.Methods:A total of 10 140 residents over 40 years old in Guiyang city who participated in the " Epidemiological study on tumor risk of type 2 diabetes patients in China" in 2011 were recruited. The 2005 International Diabetes Federation diagnostic criteria were used to identify MS. Logistic regression was used to analyze the association of CMI and other body fat evaluation indicators with MS. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value and the optimal cut-off point of different indicators. Taking the best cut-off point value of each index as the boundary, the prevalence of MS was evaluated again by Chi square test.Results:The prevalence of MS in the study population was 39.81%(27.23% for men and 44.39% for women). Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of MS increased with increasing CMI and quartile level of other body fat evaluation indicators in both men and women( P<0.05). The risks of MS in CMI Q4 group were 17.15(95% CI 11.64-25.27) for male and 45.14(95% CI 37.07-54.96) for female compared with Q1 group. In male, the area under curve(AUC) of MS by predicted CMI was 0.761(sensitivity 79.8%, specificity 63.2%, optimal cut-off point 0.71). WC displayed the highest value of AUC among the body fat evaluation indicators. In women, the AUC value of MS predicted by CMI was 0.831(sensitivity 76.8%, specificity 75.7%, optimal cut-off point 0.65), higher than those of BMI and WHtR while lower than those of WC and LAP. Further calculating the prevalence of MS with the best cut-off point value of each index as the boundary, WC was still the best predictor for male, while CMI was only secondary to LAP for women. Conclusion:CMI and other body fat evaluation indicators are significantly associated with MS. CMI could be used to predict MS.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 639-644, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957600

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between cardiometabolic index and metabolic syndrome in people aged 40 and beyond in Guiyang city.Methods:A total of 4 506 residents over 40 years(including 3 067 females and 1 439 males) were enrolled in the analysis from those who participated in the epidemiological study of cancer risk in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes in 2011 in Guiyang City. The cardiometabolic index (CMI) is calculated by triglycerides(TG)/high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-C)×waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between cardiometabolic index and metabolic syndrome, and ROC was used to analyze the predictive ability of CMI on the incidence of metabolic syndrome. Results:The average follow-up period was 3 years. According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome in 2005, 985 patients (774 women and 211 males) had metabolic syndrome. The incidence rate of metabolic syndrome in the general population was 21.86%, the incidence rate of male metabolic syndrome was 14.66%, and that of women was 25.24%, and the incidence of CMI increased with the increase of the number of women. After multivariable logistic regression analysis, the odds ratio of CMI for metabolic syndrome in women is 1.303(95% CI 1.263-1.344) and 1.724(95% CI 1.162-2.558) in men, respectively. ROC results showed that CMI had a good ability to predict the incidence (AUC: 0.759 for men and 0.852 for women). Conclusion:CMI is positively associated with the incidence of metabolic syndrome. It supports CMI as a useful method to screen metabolic syndrome in China′s general population.

12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 367-373, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish the ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method to detect ethanol metabolites phosphatidylethanol (PEth) in whole blood.@*METHODS@#An appropriate amount of aqueous solution including 1% formic acid was added to 100 μL whole blood, the protein was precipitated with acetone, centrifuged and the supernatant was purified and enriched by using Bond Elut Certify column. The eluent was redissolved with 1/1 isopropanol/acetonitrile (v/v) solution after nitrogen blowing and then tested by UPLC-MS/MS. Selective reaction monitoring scanning was carried out in negative ionization mode, and quantitative analysis was performed by external standard method.@*RESULTS@#PEth showed a linear relationship over the concentration range of 1-160 ng/mL in whole blood (r=0.999 9) with peak area. The detection limit was 0.2 ng/mL, the quantification limit was 1 ng/mL, the recovery rate was 97.43%-103.61%, the accuracy was 0.99%-1.77%, the intra-day precision was 0.4%-2.4%, and the inter-day precision was 1.1%-3.3%, and the matrix effect was 91.00%-99.55%. PEth was not detected in the in vitro blood samples supplemented with ethanol. PEth was detected positive in three drunk driving cases, and the concentration were 195.49, 83.67 and 876.12 ng/mL, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The established method has high sensitivity and specificity and the analysis results are accurate. It is suitable for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of PEth in whole blood.


Subject(s)
2-Propanol , Acetone , Acetonitriles , Biomarkers , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Chromatography, Liquid , Ethanol , Glycerophospholipids , Nitrogen , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 702-708, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935447

ABSTRACT

Objective: We aim to evaluate the morbidity and mortality of cancer attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in China in 2016. Methods: Based on the cancer incidence and mortality rates, national population data, and population attributable fraction (PAF) in China, we calculated the number of incidence and death cases attributed to HPV infection in different areas, age groups, and gender in China in 2016. The standardized incidence and mortality rates for cancer attributed to HPV infection were calculated by using Segi's population. Results: In 2016, a total of 124 772 new cancer cases (6.32 per 100 000) were attributed to HPV infection in China, including 117 118 cases in women and 7 654 cases in men. Of these cancers, cervical cancer was the most common one, followed by anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, vaginal cancer, laryngeal cancer, oral cancer, and vulvar cancer. A total of 41 282 (2.03 per 100 000) deaths were attributed to HPV infection, of which 37 417 occurred in women and 3 865 in men. Most deaths were caused by cervical cancer, followed by anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, laryngeal cancer, vaginal cancer, oral cancer, and vulvar cancer. The incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer increased rapidly with age, peaked in age group 50-54 years, then decreased obviously. The morbidity and mortality rates of non-cervical cancer increased with age. The cancer case and death numbers in rural areas (57 089 cases and 19 485 deaths) were lower than those in urban areas (67 683 cases and 21 797 deaths). However, the age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) and age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) of cervical cancer were higher in rural areas than in urban areas. There were no significant differences in ASIR and ASMR of non-cervical cancers between urban areas and rural areas. Conclusions: The incidence of cancers attributed to HPV infection in China was lower than the global average, but the number of incidences accounted largely, furthermore there is an increasing trend of morbidity and mortality. The preventions and controls of cervical cancer and male anal cancer are essential to contain the increases in cancer cases and deaths attributed to HPV infection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Incidence , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Mouth Neoplasms , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Penile Neoplasms/epidemiology , Registries , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Vaginal Neoplasms , Vulvar Neoplasms
14.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 165-170, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935266

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the performance of point-of-care testing for cervical cancer and precancerous lesions screening. Methods: In September 2020, 197 and 273 women were selected by using simple random sampling method from "self-sampling" cohort and "physician-sampling" cohort established in Xiangyuan county, Shanxi Province, China, respectively. Cervical exfoliated cells were collected by women themselves or gynecologists. All samples were detected by POCT and women with positive result were directly referred for colposcopy. Subsequently, all the samples were detected by careHPV and PCR test. Colposcopy and punch biopsy were performed for women with POCT negative but careHPV or PCR test positive at another visit. Using histopathological diagnosis as the gold standard, we calculated sensitivity, specificity and drew the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. The accuracy of POCT was analyzed and compared to that of careHPV and conventional PCR test in cervical cancer and precancerous lesions screening. Results: The median (Q1 , Q3) age of 470 women was 51 (45, 57) years old. Based on self-sampling, the sensitivity and specificity of POCT for CIN2+ were 100.00% (95%CI: 56.56%-100.00%) and 28.95% (95%CI: 22.97%-35.76%), respectively. Compared with POCT, POCT HPV16/18 test had similar sensitivity and higher specificity of 89.47% (95%CI: 84.30%-93.08%). Self-sampling POCT HPV16/18 test had an AUC of 0.947 (95%CI:0.910-0.985), which was higher than that of careHPV and PCR test. Physician-sampling POCT test had 100.00% sensitivity (95%CI: 64.57%-100.00%) and 55.85% specificity (95%CI: 49.83%-61.70%) for detecting CIN2+. POCT HPV16/18 test had lower sensitivity (71.43%, 95%CI: 35.90%-91.76%) and higher specificity (92.45%, 95%CI: 88.63%-95.06%). POCT HPV16/18 test generally showed similar AUC on both self-collected samples and clinician-collected samples (0.947 vs 0.819, P=0.217). Conclusion: POCT HPV16/18 test is an effective method with relatively high sensitivity and specificity for cervical cancer screening.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia/diagnosis , Colposcopy , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Human papillomavirus 16/genetics , Human papillomavirus 18 , Mass Screening/methods , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Point-of-Care Testing , Sensitivity and Specificity , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 398-402, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933421

ABSTRACT

Objective:Explore the relationship between sleep duration, sleep time and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity(baPWV) in community population.Methods:Questionnaire, physical examination, blood tests, and baPWV detection were applied to a community based population. Finally, 3 912 subjects with complete data were included in the study. The relationship between sleep duration, time to fall asleep and PWV was evaluated with binary logistic regression analysis. Results:Being adjusted for age, sex, prevalence of diabetes, sleep condition, body mass index, blood glucose, blood pressure, dyslipidemia, ankle-brachial index, sleep duration and time to fall asleep were correlated with PWV. The risk of PWV abnormalities was increased in the≥8 h group compared to the 6-8 h group( OR=1.155, 95% CI 0.995-1.367, P=0.037). The risk of abnormalities PWV was higher in the group with sleep time after 00: 00 than in the group -23: 00( OR=1.482, 95% CI 1.008-2.179, P=0.045). Conclusion:Long sleep duration(≥8 h) and late sleep time(after 00: 00) may be associated with higher risk of atherosclerosis.

16.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1065-1073, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970643

ABSTRACT

The effective classification of multi-task motor imagery electroencephalogram (EEG) is helpful to achieve accurate multi-dimensional human-computer interaction, and the high frequency domain specificity between subjects can improve the classification accuracy and robustness. Therefore, this paper proposed a multi-task EEG signal classification method based on adaptive time-frequency common spatial pattern (CSP) combined with convolutional neural network (CNN). The characteristics of subjects' personalized rhythm were extracted by adaptive spectrum awareness, and the spatial characteristics were calculated by using the one-versus-rest CSP, and then the composite time-domain characteristics were characterized to construct the spatial-temporal frequency multi-level fusion features. Finally, the CNN was used to perform high-precision and high-robust four-task classification. The algorithm in this paper was verified by the self-test dataset containing 10 subjects (33 ± 3 years old, inexperienced) and the dataset of the 4th 2018 Brain-Computer Interface Competition (BCI competition Ⅳ-2a). The average accuracy of the proposed algorithm for the four-task classification reached 93.96% and 84.04%, respectively. Compared with other advanced algorithms, the average classification accuracy of the proposed algorithm was significantly improved, and the accuracy range error between subjects was significantly reduced in the public dataset. The results show that the proposed algorithm has good performance in multi-task classification, and can effectively improve the classification accuracy and robustness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Imagination , Neural Networks, Computer , Imagery, Psychotherapy/methods , Electroencephalography/methods , Algorithms , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
17.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 5-9, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862718

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the burden of pneumoconiosis in China through comparison with the United States, Germany and the world based on GBD 2017 data, and to provide references for direction and reform measures for the Pneumoconiosis Prevention and Control Battle and the Occupational Health Protection Action in China. Methods The indexes of disease burden for pneumoconiosis in China, the United States, Germany and the Global level from 1990 to 2017 on the basis of GBD 2017 was obtained, and epidemiological characteristics and trends of pneumoconiosis were analyzed to compare the differences in the disease burden of pneumoconiosis. The main reasons for pneumoconiosis were analyzed, and the strategies for the improvement of prevention and control policies were discussed. Results From 1990 to 2017, the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in China rose from 12.96/100 000 to 20.45/100 000, an increase of 57.79%. The years lived with disability rose from 1.95/100 000 to 3.05/100 000, with an increase of 56.41%. In 2017, the YLL/DALY of China's pneumoconiosis was 82.60%, and the years of life lost caused by premature death was still the main component of China's pneumoconiosis disease burden. In 2017, the standardized DALY rate and standardized YLL rate of occupational exposure to silicon in China accounted for 66.19% and 72.62% of the total burden of environmental occupational factors, respectively, which were higher than the United States (30.24%, 35.06%) and Germany (52.17%, 52.65%) ), as well as the world (50.95%, 54.80%). From 1990 to 2017, the standardized DALY rate of pneumoconiosis in China, the United States, Germany, and the world all showed a downward trend, with a decrease of 51.99%, 37.69%, 58.33%, and 48.20%, respectively. However, in 2017, the standardized DALY rate of China (12.57/100 000) was still higher than the United States (4.10/100 000), Germany (3.45/100 000), and the world (6.32/100 000). Conclusion Until at least 2017, the disease burden of pneumoconiosis in China was still higher than that of the United States, Germany and the world. It is necessary to learn from the experience of countries with better prevention and control effects, strengthen laws and regulations, and focus on dust control to prevent pneumoconiosis.

18.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1194-1202, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902436

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the age-dependent changes in regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) in healthy adults by fitting mathematical models to imaging data. @*Materials and Methods@#In this prospective study, 90 healthy adults underwent pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling imaging of the brain. Regional CBF values were extracted from the arterial spin labeling images of each subject. Multivariable regression with the Akaike information criterion, link test, and F test (Ramsey’s regression equation specification error test) was performed for 7 models in every brain region to determine the best mathematical model for fitting the relationship between CBF and age. @*Results@#Of all 87 brain regions, 68 brain regions were best fitted by cubic models, 9 brain regions were best fitted by quadratic models, and 10 brain regions were best fitted by linear models. In most brain regions (global gray matter and the other 65 brain regions), CBF decreased nonlinearly with aging, and the rate of CBF reduction decreased with aging, gradually approaching 0 after approximately 60. CBF in some regions of the frontal, parietal, and occipital lobes increased nonlinearly with aging before age 30, approximately, and decreased nonlinearly with aging for the rest of life. @*Conclusion@#In adults, the age-related perfusion patterns in most brain regions were best fitted by the cubic models, and age-dependent CBF changes were nonlinear.

19.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 124-130, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880250

ABSTRACT

Brain metastases are the major cause of adult malignant nervous system tumors. For this part of population, treatment options are limited and the prognosis is poor. In recent years, immunotherapy based on inhibitors of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1), have brought innovation to the treatment of malignant tumors. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have revolutionized the management of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Encouraging results have suggested that ICIs could be active in selected advanced NSCLC brain metastases with driver-negative patients. However, for patients with brain metastases, not only the corresponding clinical data are limited, but also the evaluation of its efficacy lacks a unified standard. This article aims to review the relevant efficacy evaluation standards and their application in clinical researches, compare the similarities and differences, and look forward to future trends.
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20.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 78-87, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880243

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Targeted therapy for patients with driver genes positive and immunotherapy for patients with driver gene-negative but high programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression are the standards of first-line treatment for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The treatment options for patients with driver gene positive and high PD-L1 expression are still worth exploring.@*METHODS@#The characteristics of 315 patients with NSCLC were identified to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with driver gene positive and high PD-L1 expression, and the efficacy of targeted therapy.@*RESULTS@#Among the 315 patients, the total positive rate of driver genes was 62.2%, and the high PD-L1 expression rate (≥50.0%) was 11.2%. The proportion of patients with driver gene positive and high PD-L1 expression was 10.7%. PD-L1 was highly expressed in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation, KRAS mutation, ALK fusion, BRAF mutation, and MET 14 exon skip mutation, the proportions were 7.8% (11/141), 18.2% (4/22), and 23.1%, (3/13), 50.0% (2/4) and 100.0% (1/1) respectively. EGFR mutation positive with PD-L1 high expression was mainly in patients with stage IV lung adenocarcinoma. KRAS mutation positive with PD-L1 high expression was mainly in patients with a history of smoking. Among them, two patients were followed in detail for targeted therapy, who with ALK fusion-positive and PD-L1 high expression (90.0%), EGFR L858R mutation and PD-L1 high expression (70.0%) respectively. The total OS of the patients was 5 months, 2 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The high PD-L1 expression rate in NSCLC patients with different driver gene mutations was variable, which maybe correlated with distinct clinicopathological characteristics. Patients with sensitive mutations and high PD-L1 expression may be less benefit from targeted therapy and have poor prognosis.

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