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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 268-271, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920765

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the recurrence of pulmonary tuberculosis patients 5 years after successful treatment in Hengyang City, Hunan Province, and to analyze its influencing factors.@*Methods@#The data of pulmonary tuberculosis patients who were successfully treated in Hengyang City in 2014 were collected through the tuberculosis management information system. The recurrence of pulmonary tuberculosis was defined as the endpoint, and all patients were observed for five consecutive years. Factors affecting recurrence of pulmonary tuberculosis were identified using Kaplan-Meier estimates, log-rank test and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis.@*Results@#A total of 6 626 patients with successfully treated pulmonary tuberculosis were included, including 4 961 males and 1 665 females, with a median age of 54 years. There were 536 cases with recurrence of pulmonary tuberculosis within five years, with a 8.09% cumulative proportion of recurrence and annual recurrence rate of 1.75 per 100 person-years. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that men ( HR=1.592, 95%CI: 1.256-2.019 ), age of 40 years and greater ( age of 40 to 59 years, HR=7.025, 95%CI: 1.739-28.377; age of 60 years and greater, HR=8.175, 95%CI: 2.024-33.023), farmers ( HR=1.379, 95%CI: 1.070-1.778 ), retreatment ( HR=6.398, 95%CI: 5.163-7.929 ) and positive etiology ( HR=1.255, 95%CI: 1.042-1.511 ) were risk factors for five-year recurrence of pulmonary tuberculosis among successfully-treated patients.@*Conclusions@#High recurrence rate is found among pulmonary tuberculosis patients within five years after successful treatment in Hengyang City. There is a high risk of pulmonary tuberculosis recurrence among male, etiologically positive, retreated farmers at ages of 40 years and older, and targeted interventions are recommended.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875945

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the situation of occupational health monitoring status of medical radiation workers in radiation diagnosis and treatment institutions, to provide reference for the evaluation of radiation protection measures as well as for the health supervision/inspection agencies, and to maximize the protection of occupational health rights of medical workers in radiation diagnosis and treatment. Methods Questionnaires were distributed then collected in the radiation diagnosis and treatment institutions in Qinzhou. The data were analyzed afterwards. Results A total of 850 medical radiation workers were recruited from 101 institutions that had obtained the radiation diagnosis and treatment license in Qinzhou. Among them, the physical examination rate of radiation diagnosis and treatment staff was 96.94%, the personal dosimeter monitoring rate was 93.41%, the training rate of radiation protection and legal knowledge was 94.12%, and the monitoring rate of equipment performance stability was 51.49%. Conclusion The occupational health monitoring of radiation workers in high-level institutions relatively meets the standard, and the management of occupational health monitoring in township hospitals, private hospitals and dental clinics is not satisfactory. The monitoring rate of radiation equipment performance in the whole city is generally low. Health supervision and law enforcement departments should strengthen law enforcement, urge the institutions to conduct radiation occupational health monitoring in an orderly manner according to law, and protect the health rights/interests of radiation diagnosis and treatment workers to the maximum extent.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873567

ABSTRACT

Finland is acknowledged as an international leader in the children's health care by the World Health Organization, especially in the formulation and planning of children's health care policies. In the article, we introduces Finnish service mode and management experience in the whole-process medical care for children, including successful operation of hierarchical diagnosis and treatment, key role of public health nurses in the whole-process management, significant influence of social and family environment on the healthy development of children, and integration of children's health and welfare services through multi-sectoral cooperation. We make some suggestions and recommendations for the construction of children's health service capacity in China in strengthening the laws and policies in the children's health, improving the network construction and three-level connection of maternal and child health care system, taking the construction of pediatric integrated health care system as the breakthrough point to further promote hierarchical diagnosis and treatment, improving the multi-sectoral cooperation mechanism, and maximizing the influence of information technology and family.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 266-273, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872628

ABSTRACT

Xianling Gubao is a common and effective medicine in the treatment of orthopedic diseases. In recent years, it has been reported to be associated with liver injury. However, through the analysis of the adverse drug reaction reports and key hospital cases, we found that there is considerable incomplete information in the reports of Xianling Gubao-related liver injury cases retrieved from the literature. Thus, it is difficult to accurately judge causality between the drug and liver injury. Six cases of liver injury related to Xianling Gubao were identified in key hospitals, two of which achieved the clinical diagnosis according to the assessment of the integrated evidence chain method. We further analyzed the public health data of all residents in Yinzhou. The gross incidence rate of Xianling Gubao-related liver injury was 0.034%, which corresponds to a level of rare incidence. This revealed that Xianling Gubao-related liver injury has significant divergence in individuals and an idiosyncratic nature. The gross incidence of liver injury related to Xianling Gubao was lower than that of other medicines for the treatment of orthopedic diseases. Based on the idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury model mediated by immune stress, it was found that Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus were the major components that lead to liver injury, and the liver injury caused by a full prescription was less serious than that encountered with only Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus. This suggests that the other 4 herbs (Dipsaci Radix, Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix,Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma) can prevent/alleviate the liver injury. Through disassembled prescription analysis, we found that the attenuation efficacy of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma was the most significant. In conclusion, Xianling Gubao may cause idiosyncratic liver injury in a tiny minority of susceptible individuals, but the incidence risk is lower than that of other commonly used drugs for orthopedic disease. Xianling Gubao should be discreetly applied to patients with immune stress. The major components that induced liver injury in Xianling Gubao were Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma appears to attenuate this toxicity. This study provides a reference for the rational clinical medication with Xianling Gubao.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888088

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with antiviral wes-tern medicine in the treatment of influenza by Bayesian network Meta-analysis. Four Chinese databases(CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM) and three English databases(PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library) were retrieved by computer for randomized controlled trials(RCT) about the comparison between the combined administration of traditional Chinese medicine injections with antiviral western medicine(or with placebo) and the single administration of antiviral western medicine in the treatment of influenza, or the comparison between two different traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with antiviral western medicine in the treatment of influenza. The retrieval time was from the establishment of the databases to July 2020. Two researchers independently screen out the literatures and extracted the data according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The included studies were evaluated by the Cochrane 5.1 bias risk assessment tool, and data analysis was conducted by ADDIS 1.16.8 and Stata 14.0. A total of 49 literatures about 5 061 cases were included finally, involving six traditional Chinese medicine injections, namely Reduning Injection, Xiyanping Injection, Tanreqing Injection, Yanhuning Injection, Qingkailing Injection and Shuanghuanglian Injection. The results of network Meta-analysis,(1)in terms of total effective rate, 6 traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with antiviral western medicine was better than antiviral western medicine alone. In terms of probability sorting, Shuanghuanglian Injection combined with antiviral western medicine ranked first.(2)There was no significant statistical difference in adverse reaction rate among all groups, but Reduning Injection ranked first in the probability sorting, due to the least side effects.(3)In terms of antipyretic time, Yanhuning Injection, Xiyanping Injection and Tanreqing Injection combined with antiviral western medicine was better than antiviral western medicine alone and Xiyanping Injection ranked first in the probability sorting.(4)In terms of cough relief time, Qingkailing Injection and Tanreqing Injection combined with antiviral western medicine was better than antiviral western medicine alone and Qingkailing Injection was superior to Yanhuning Injection. Qingkailing Injection combined with antiviral western medicine ranked first in the probability sorting.(5)In terms of the length of hospital stay, Xiyanping Injection, Tanreqing Injection and Reduning Injection combined with antiviral western medicine was superior to antiviral western medicine alone, and Reduning Injection ranked first in the probability sorting due to the shortest hospital stay. Because of the small quantity and low quality of included studies, the results of this study shall be regarded cautiously and comprehensively. In the future, multi-center, large-sample and clinical randomized controlled trials shall be conducted to verify the results.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Bayes Theorem , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Influenza, Human/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888010

ABSTRACT

This study explores the emulsifying material basis of Angelicae Sinensis Radix volatile oil (ASRVO) based on partial least squares (PLS) method and hydrophile-lipophile balance (HLB) value.The turbidity of ASRVO emulsion samples from Gansu,Yunnan,and Qinghai was determined and the chemical components in the emulsion were analyzed by GC-MS.The PLS model was established with the chemical components as the independent variable and the turbidity as the dependent variable and evaluated with indexes R~2X and R~2Y.The chemical components which were in positive correlation with the turbidity were selected and the HLB values were calculated to determine the emulsification material basis of ASRVO.The PLS models for the 81 emulsion samples had high R~2X and R~2Y values,which showed good fitting ability.Seven chemical components,2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol,trans-ligustilide,3-butylidene-1(3H)-isobenzofuranone,dodecane,1-methyl-4-(1-methylethylidene)-cyclohexene,trans-beta-ocimene,and decane,had positive correlation with turbidity.Particularly,the HLB value of 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol was 4.4,which was the HLB range of surfactants to be emulsifiers and 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol was positively correlated with turbidity of the ASRVO emulsion samples from the main producing area.Therefore,2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol was the emulsifying material basis of ASRVO.The selected emulsifying substances can lay a foundation for exploring the emulsification mechanism and demulsification solution of ASRVO.


Subject(s)
China , Emulsions , Least-Squares Analysis , Oils, Volatile , Surface-Active Agents
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887955

ABSTRACT

A drug delivery system of forsythoside A-loaded exosomes(FTA-Exos) with high biocompatibility and low immunogenicity was established to investigate its impact on the migration of human lung epithelial adenocarcinoma A549 cells. The exosomes from A549 cells were extracted and purified by ultra-high speed centrifugation and ultrafiltration. FTA-Exos were prepared by ultrasonic incubation, and characterized by particle size analysis, transmission electron microscopy, and Western blot assay. The uptake of FTA-Exos by A549 cells was observed under the laser confocal microscope, and the impact of FTA-Exos on the migration of A549 cells was investigated by cell scratch assay. The results showed that the average particle size of the prepared FTA-Exos was(138.90±2.37) nm, which increased slightly after drug loading. The PDI was 0.291±0.013, and the average potential was(-10.1±0.66) mV. The FTA-Exos were spheroidal in appearance as observed by transmission electron microscope, with an obvious saucer-like double-layer membrane. Western blot assay indicated that the specific proteins CD63 and Alix were both expressed in exosomes. The laser confocal microscopy suggested that FTA-Exos were taken up by A549 cells and stably maintained in the cell for 4-8 h, and the fluorescence was significantly enhanced at 4 h. The scratch assay showed that the inhibitory effect of FTA-Exos on the migration of A549 cells was significantly stronger than that of forsythoside A(P < 0.05). In conclusion, the drug delivery system of FTA-Exos established in this study had good stability, reliable preparation process, and potent inhibitory effect on the migration of A549 cells in vitro, which can provide an important reference for subsequent in-depth research and application.


Subject(s)
Exosomes , Glycosides , Humans
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1289-1298, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878153

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The significant morbidity and mortality resulted from the infection of a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) call for urgent development of effective and safe vaccines. We report the immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, KCONVAC, in healthy adults.@*METHODS@#Phase 1 and phase 2 randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trials of KCONVAC were conducted in healthy Chinese adults aged 18 to 59 years. The participants in the phase 1 trial were randomized to receive two doses, one each on Days 0 and 14, of either KCONVAC (5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo. The participants in the phase 2 trial were randomized to receive either KCONVAC (at 5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo on Days 0 and 14 (0/14 regimen) or Days 0 and 28 (0/28 regimen). In the phase 1 trial, the primary safety endpoint was the proportion of participants experiencing adverse reactions/events within 28 days following the administration of each dose. In the phase 2 trial, the primary immunogenicity endpoints were neutralization antibody seroconversion and titer and anti-receptor-binding domain immunoglobulin G seroconversion at 28 days after the second dose.@*RESULTS@#In the phase 1 trial, 60 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 24), 10-μg vaccine (n = 24), or placebo (n = 12). In the phase 2 trial, 500 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 100 for 0/14 or 0/28 regimens), 10-μg vaccine (n = 100 for each regimen), or placebo (n = 50 for each regimen). In the phase 1 trial, 13 (54%), 11 (46%), and seven (7/12) participants reported at least one adverse event (AE) after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. In the phase 2 trial, 16 (16%), 19 (19%), and nine (18%) 0/14-regimen participants reported at least one AE after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. Similar AE incidences were observed in the three 0/28-regimen treatment groups. No AEs with an intensity of grade 3+ were reported, expect for one vaccine-unrelated serious AE (foot fracture) reported in the phase 1 trial. KCONVAC induced significant antibody responses; 0/28 regimen showed a higher immune responses than that did 0/14 regimen after receiving two vaccine doses.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both doses of KCONVAC are well tolerated and able to induce robust immune responses in healthy adults. These results support testing 5-μg vaccine in the 0/28 regimen in an upcoming phase 3 efficacy trial.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx (No. ChiCTR2000038804, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=62350; No. ChiCTR2000039462, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=63353).


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Double-Blind Method , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines, Inactivated/adverse effects
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911634

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect of hypothermia plus extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO)on kidney in brain-dead kidney transplant donors.Methods:From July 2017 to July 2018 at Institute of Transplantation Medicine, Hospital No. 923 of PLA, 29 patients with circulatory dysfunction brain death donors fulfilling the organ donation criteria were randomly divided into sub-hypothermia group according to the treatment of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(body temperature 34.0~35.0℃, 15 cases)and normal temperature group(36.5~37.5℃, 14 cases). Hemodynamic profiles and renal function changes were compared between two groups during ECMO.And renal complications of two groups were followed up.Results:The hemodynamic parameters of two groups remained stable during ECMO period.Heart rate of 5 MO-organs was lower in hypothermia group than that in normal temperature group( P<0.05). Systolic and diastolic pressures before ECMO 3 h-organ acquisition were higher than normal temperature group( P<0.05). No significant difference existed between PaO 2 and normal temperature groups( P>0.05). Donor serum creatinine(SCr)and blood urea nitrogen(BUN)were lower in hypothermia group than in normal temperature group( P<0.05). The postoperative recipient levels of BUN were lower in mild hypothermia group than those in normothermia group( P<0.05)and no significant difference between SCr and normal temperature groups( P>0.05). The postoperative hospital stay was(16.52±3.59)days in mild hypothermia group. And it was lower than that in normal temperature group( P<0.05). Delayed renal function was lower than normal temperature group(3.45% and 21.43%, P<0.05). Conclusions:Mild hypothermia plus ECMO can reduce hemodynamic fluctuations in circulatory unstable donors after brain death, improve renal function and lower the incidence of delayed functional recovery after renal transplantation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907672

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determinate the active ingredients and predicte action targets in Sanhua Decoction for treating cerebral ischemia based on HPLC and network pharmacology methods. Methods:The HPLC analysis was performed on HC-C18 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) with the mobile phase of methanolacetonitrile-0.05% phosphoric acid with gradient elution at the flow rate of 1.0 ml/min and 0.8 ml/min. The detection wavelength was set at 254 nm, the column temperature was at 30 ℃, and the injection volume was 10 μl. TCMIP v2.0 platform was used to search the action targets of rhein, emodin, chrysophanol, hesperidin, magnolol and notopterygiol. We used Cerebral ischemia as a keyword searching the databases such as Genecards, OMIM, TTD, and Disgenet to screen six potential targets for the treatment of cerebral ischemia by active ingredients, construct a protein interaction (PPI) network and a disease-component-target-pathway integration network.Results:The literature search determined that rhein, emodin, chrysophanol, hesperidin, magnolol and qianhuol were the index components for the determination of Sanhua Decoction. Their linear ranges were 0.080 4-0.804 0 μg, 0.015 3-0.382 0 μg, 0.041 8-0.626 4 μg, 0.312 6-3.908 0 μg, 0.037 9-0.568 8 μg, 0.045 3-1.359 6 μg, respectively. The correlation coefficient R 2 is greater than 0.999 0. The content ranges of the above six components in seven samples were 0.887-0.971 mg/g, 0.094-0.101 mg/g, 0.110-0.119 mg/g, 1.494-1.669 mg/g, 0.126-0.145 mg/g and 0.153-0.167 mg/g, respectively. Network pharmacology analysis found that the targets of the six components for the treatment of cerebral ischemia may be TNF, TP53, MAPK14, JUN, IL1B, MYC, ESR1, ICAM1, PTGS2, PPARG and so on. Conclusions:A quality control method forthe six active ingredients in Sanhua Decoction treating cerebral ischemia was established. This method is simple and repeatable. The ten potential targets of the six active ingredients in Sanhua Decoction for the treatment of cerebral ischemia have been clarified, laying a foundation for further research on the action mechanism.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 622-626, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors related to the hemodynamic instability occurring after carotid artery stenting(CAS) in elderly patients with carotid artery stenosis.Methods:The clinical data of 80 patients with carotid artery stenosis, who were treated with CAS at Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University during the period from January 2018 to Decmber 2018, were retrospectively analyzed. Record demographic characteristics (age, gender, height, weight), history of underlying diseases (hypertension, diabetes, kidney disease, heart failure, etc.), history of medications, etc. Observe the clinical parameters such as creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urine volume, input and output, albumin, hemoglobin, location of stenosis, and degree of stenosis. Measurement data conforming to the normal distribution were expressed as the mean ± standard deviation ( Mean± SD), and the t-test was used for comparison between groups; the measurement data that does not conform to the normal distribution were expressed as the median (interquartile range) [ M( P25, P75)] indicates that the rank sum test was used for comparison between groups; the Chi-square test was used for comparison of count data between groups. Relevant variables were subjected to single factor analysis, and statistically significant indicators were selected according to the results of single factor analysis to be included in the multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Results:After CAS, a total of 37 patients among the 80 patients developed hemodynamic instability, the incidence rate was 46.25%. Univariate analysis indicated that the factors associated with the occurrence of postoperative hemodynamic instability included height , platelet count, ulceration plaque and the fluid intake in the first 24 hours after surgery; Multivariate regression analysis revealed that the presence of ulceration plaque ( OR=11.559, 95% CI: 1.232-108.495) and the fluid intake in the first 24 hours after surgery( OR=1.001, 95% CI: 1.000-1.001) were the independent risk factors related to the hemodynamic instability after CAS. Conclusion:Elderly patients with the presence of ulceration plaque before surgery are more likely to develop hemodynamic instability after CAS, and within 24 hours after surgery is a high-risk time period for hemodynamic instability.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906497

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of the prescription consisting Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and Epimedii Folium in the treatment of chronic heart failure (CHF) based on network pharmacology,followed by verification in H9c2 myocardial cells with hypoxia-reoxygenation injury <italic>in vitro</italic> and in zebrafish with vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor Ⅱ (VRI) -induced vascular insufficiency. Method:The active ingredients in Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and Epimedii Folium were searched from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP),the corresponding target genes from the Universal Protein Resource (UniProt), and the CHF-related targets from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) and GeneCards. Both the active ingredient-potential target network and the active ingredient-CHF-related target network were generated using Cytoscape 3.6.1, followed by the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network construction and Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genome (KEGG) enrichment analysis based on MetaScape. H9c2 myocardial cells exposed to hypoxia-reoxygenation were selected for determining the proliferation-promoting effect by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. The protein expression of B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax),cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-3(Caspase-3), protein kinase B(PKB/Akt),phosphorylated protein kinase B(p-Akt),phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (p-ERK1/2),extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), and poly adenosine diphosphate ribose polymerase(PARP)was detected by Western blotting. The efficacy of the prescription in promoting angiogenesis was verified in a zebrafish model of VRI-induced vascular injury. Result:There were 28 active ingredients for the prescription, 209 corresponding targets, 1 296 CHF-related targets, and 94 common gene targets shared by the prescription and CHF. PPI network clustering suggested that Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and Epimedii Folium alleviated CHF by interfering with cell differentiation and metabolism and angiogenesis. GO analysis revealed that CHF relief was achieved via the intervention in such biological processes as cell migration,vascular development, and angiogenesis. Pharmacodynamic experiments verified that Epimedii Folium (10 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) alone and the prescription (10 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>)both enhanced the proliferation of H9c2 myocardial cells under the hypoxia-reoxygenation condition (<italic>P</italic><0.05),while the latter also increased the expression of Bcl-2,Bcl-2/Bax, and PARP (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and reduced the expression of Caspase-3, Akt, and ERK (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The prescription at the concentrations of 0.3 and 0.1 g·L<sup>-1</sup> promoted angiogenesis (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and Epimedii Folium exert the therapeutic effect against CHF via multiple ingredients,multiple targets, and multiple channels. Such combination promotes the proliferation of H9c2 myocardial cells under hypoxic condition and protects zebrafish from vascular injury by up-regulating the expression of Bcl-2 and PARP,increasing Bcl-2/Bax ratio,and down-regulating the expression of Caspase-3,Akt, and ERK.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906074

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and mechanism of Xiangshenwan on ulcerative colitis (UC) induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in mice based on the classic Toll-like receptor (TLR)/nuclear factor kappa B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) signaling pathway. Method:The experimental mice were divided into a normal group, a model group, a Xiangshenwan group, and a mesalazine group. The mice, except for those in the normal group, received 3% DSS solution for 7 days to establish the acute UC model and were treated with Xiangshenwan (5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and mesalazine (300 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) continuously from the 1st day to the 10th day of modeling. The body weight, disease activity index (DAI), colon weight, intestinal weight index, colon length, colon weight per unit length, and pathological changes of mice were evaluated respectively. The protein expression of TLR5, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4), tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), transforming growth factor <italic>β</italic>-activated kinase 1 (TAK1), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), NF-<italic>κ</italic>B, IRAK1, TAK1-binding protein 1 (TAB1), TAB2, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 (MKK3), MKK6 and cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (CREB) in colon tissues of mice was detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased body weight of mice, increased DAI scores, elevated colon weight, intestinal weight index, and colon weight per unit length, shortened colon length, severe colonic mucosal injury, and up-regulated protein expression of TLR5, MyD88, IRAK4, TRAF6, TAK1, p38 MAPK, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B, IRAK1, TAB1, TAB2, MKK3, MKK6, and CREB in colon tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01<bold>).</bold> Compared with the model group, the Xiangshenwan group and the mesalazine group displayed increased body weight of mice, decreased DAI scores, declining colon weight, intestinal weight index, and colon weight per unit length, increased colon length, improved colonic mucosal injury, and down-regulated protein expression of TLR5, MyD88, IRAK4, TRAF6, TAK1, p38 MAPK, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B, IRAK1, TAB1, TAB2, MKK3, MKK6, and CREB in colon tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Xiangshenwan can effectively treat DSS-induced UC presumedly by the inhibition of TLR/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B signaling pathway.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint of the substance benchmark of Xiao Chengqitang and evaluate its quality with chemical pattern recognition method. Method:Diamonsil C<sub>18</sub> column (4.6 mm×150 mm, 5 μm) was used, mobile phase was consisted of methanol (A)-0.1% phosphoric acid solution (B) for gradient elution (0-60 min, 20%-90%A; 60-70 min, 90%-100%A), the flow rate was 1 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the column temperature was 25 ℃, and the detection wavelength was 254 nm. The similarity evaluation system of chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine (2012 edition) was used to evaluate the similarity of HPLC fingerprint of 15 batches of substance benchmark of Xiao Chengqitang, and the chromatographic data were analyzed by cluster analysis, principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis, in order to evaluate the quality difference between different batches of substance benchmarks of Xiao Chengqitang and find out the main chemical components that caused the quality difference. Result:The HPLC fingerprint of Xiao Chengqitang substance benchmarks was established, 31 common peaks were identified, and 18 components were identified by comparing with the reference substances. The similarities of 15 batches of HPLC fingerprint of Xiao Chengqitang substance benchmarks were >0.92. The samples could be divided into two categories by three chemical pattern recognition methods. Nine main components leading to the quality discrepancy of samples between batches were screened out, including rhein, chrysophanol-8-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aloe-emodin-8-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, sennoside A, chrysophanol-1-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, rhein-8-<italic>O</italic>-glucoside and others. Conclusion:The established fingerprint analysis method is accurate, stable and reproducible, which basically reflects the overall chemical composition characteristics of Xiao Chengqitang, and can be used for the quality control of Xiao Chengqitang preparations.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905206

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of gray matter volume in patients with chronic nonfluent aphasia after cortical cerebral infarction and the relationship between gray matter volume and language function. Methods:From June, 2016 to June, 2019, 19 patients with chronic nonfluent aphasia after cortical cerebral infarction from the First Affiliated Hospital of Ji'nan University and 28 healthy subjects (controls) were scanned with structural magnetic resonance imaging. The data were analyzed using voxel-based morphological measurement to measure the gray matter volumes of the brain regions, and the differences between patients and controls were compared. The correlation between volumes of brain regions with difference and scores of items of Aphasia Battery of Chinese (ABC) was analyzed. Results:The gray matter volumes increased in the brain regions of right inferior frontal gyrus triangle, right inferior frontal gyrus island cover, right angular gyrus, the right medial frontal gyrus, left insula, left medial frontal gyrus in the patients; while decreased in right globus pallidus. The volumes of left insular lobe correlated with the scores of repeating (r = 0.665, P = 0.001) and naming (r = 0.638, P = 0.003); and the volumes of right inferior frontal gyrus triangle correlated with the scores of hearing comprehension (r = 0.493, P = 0.031), repeating (r = 0.576, P = 0.009) and naming (r = 0.674, P = 0.001) in the patients. Conclusion:The cortex volumes of left insula and right inferior frontal gyrus triangle increase in patients with chronic nonfluent aphasia after cerebral infarction, which may play a role in the language dysfunction.

16.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 210-216, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903782

ABSTRACT

Background@#Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common complication of acute herpes zoster. The treatment of PHN remains a challenge for clinical pain management. Despite the effectiveness of anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and lidocaine patches in reducing PHN, many patients still face intractable pain disorders.In this randomized controlled study, we evaluated whether hydromorphone through intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) was effective in relieving PHN. @*Methods@#Patients with PHN were randomly divided into two groups, one group received oral pregabalin with IV normal saline, another group received oral pregabalin with additional IV PCA hydromorphone for two weeks. Efficacy was evaluated at 1, 4, and 12 weeks after the end of the treatments. @*Results@#Two hundred and one patients were followed up for 12 weeks. After treatment, numerical rating scale (NRS) score of patients in the hydromorphone group was significantly lower than that of the control group, and the difference of NRS scores between the two groups was statistically significant at 4 and 12 weeks after treatment. The frequency of breakthrough pain in the hydromorphone group was significantly lower than that in the control group 1 and 4 weeks after treatment.After treatment, the quality of sleep in the hydromorphone group was significantly improved compared with the control group. The most common adverse reactions in the hydromorphone group were dizziness and nausea, with no significant respiratory depression. @*Conclusions@#IV PCA hydromorphone combined with oral pregabalin provides superior pain relief in patients with PHN, which is worthy of clinical application and promotion.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2048-2053, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887657

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With the ongoing worldwide coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, an increasing number of viral variants are being identified, which poses a challenge for nucleic acid-based diagnostic tests. Rapid tests, such as real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR), play an important role in monitoring COVID-19 infection and controlling its spread. However, the changes in the genotypes of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants may result in decreased sensitivity of the rRT-PCR assay and it is necessary to monitor the mutations in primers and probes of SARS-CoV-2 detection over time.@*METHODS@#We developed two rRT-PCR assays to detect the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and nucleocapsid (N) genes of SARS-CoV-2. We evaluated these assays together with our previously published assays targeting the ORF1ab and N genes for the detection and confirmation of SARS-CoV-2 and its variants of concern (VOCs). In addition, we also developed two rRT-PCR assays (S484K and S501Y) targeting the spike gene, which when combined with the open reading frames (ORF)1ab assay, respectively, to form duplex rRT-PCR assays, were able to detect SARS-CoV-2 VOCs (lineages B.1.351 and B.1.1.7).@*RESULTS@#Using a SARS-CoV-2 stock with predetermined genomic copies as a standard, the detection limit of both assays targeting RdRp and N was five copies/reaction. Furthermore, no cross-reactions with six others human CoVs (229E, OC43, NL63, HKU1, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus) were observed using these assays. In addition, the S484K and S501Y assays were combined with the ORF1ab assay, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Four rRT-PCR assays (RdRp, N, S484K, and S501Y) were used to detect SARS-CoV-2 variants, and these assays were shown to be effective in screening for multiple virus strains.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , RNA, Viral/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensitivity and Specificity
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886764

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of Plasmodium falciparum multidrug resistance protein 1 (PfMDR1), chloroquine resistance transporter (PfCRT) and Kelch 13 (PfK13) genes in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, so as to provide insights into the development of the malaria control strategy in local areas. Methods A total of 85 peripheral blood samples were collected from patients with Plasmodium falciparum infections in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea in 2018 and 2019, and genomic DNA was extracted. The PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes were amplified using a nested PCR assay. The amplification products were sequenced, and the gene sequences were aligned. Results There were no mutations associated with artemisinin resistance in PfK13 gene in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, while drug-resistant mutations were detected in PfMDR1 and PfCRT genes, and the proportions of PfMDR1_N86Y, PfMDR1_Y184F and PfCRT_K76T mutations were 35.29% (30/85), 72.94% (62/85) and 24.71% (21/85), respectively. Conclusion There are mutations in PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes in P. falciparum isolates from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 16-22, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885478

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) scores in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients aged 65 years and older, and analyze the related influencing factors of quality of life.Methods:A total of 189 patients who were over 65 years old and diagnosed with CKD in the Department of Nephrology of Shanxi Provincial People's Hospital from October 2016 to October 2019 were included retrospectively. The patients were divided into dialysis group ( n=90 cases) and non-dialysis group ( n=99 cases) according to whether dialysis or not. The concise CGA scores included age, basic activities of daily living (BADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), and modified cumulative illness rating score for geriatrics (MCIRS-G). Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between different scale scores and clinical indexes. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to further analyze independent related factors of the quality of life in elderly CKD patients. Results:Compared with the non-dialysis group, the BADL score and IADL score in the dialysis group were significantly reduced [(70.00±33.28) vs (93.38±14.32), t=6.166, P<0.001; (9.78±7.12) vs (15.95±5.74), t=6.520, P<0.001], while the MCIRS-G score was significantly increased [(31.13±4.00) vs (27.29±5.17), t=-5.741, P<0.001]. Linear regression analysis performed on the data of non-dialysis group patients showed that estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), serum uric acid (SUA), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), blood potassium and chlorine were positively correlated with BADL and IADL scores (all P<0.05). B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) was negatively correlated with BADL score ( P<0.01). BNP and age were negatively correlated with IADL score (both P<0.05). Fasting blood glucose (FBG) was positively correlated with MCIRS-G or MCIRS-G other than kidney (both P<0.05), and eGFR, SUA, total cholesterol, and HDL-C were negatively correlated with MCIRS-G or MCIRS-G other than kidney (all P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that eGFR was an independent influencing factor for BADL ( P<0.01). Age and eGFR were independent influencing factors for IADL (both P<0.05). Conclusions:The decline of quality of life in elderly CKD patients is related with eGFR, SUA, age, BNP and HDL-C levels, and eGFR and age are independent influencing factors.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacteria isolated from blood culture in China.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2018 to December 2019. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted with agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 14 778 bacterial strains were collected from 50 hospitals, of which 4 117 (27.9%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 10 661(72.1%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (37.2%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (17.0%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.7%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (8.7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.7%), Enterococcus faecium (3.4%), Acinetobacter baumannii(3.4%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.9%), Streptococci(2.8%) and Enterococcus faecalis (2.3%). The the prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus were 27.4% (394/1 438) and 70.4% (905/1 285), respectively. No glycopeptide-resistant Staphylococcus was detected. More than 95% of S. aureus were sensitive to amikacin, rifampicin and SMZco. The resistance rate of E. faecium to vancomycin was 0.4% (2/504), and no vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis was detected. The ESBLs-producing rates in no carbapenem-resistance E. coli, carbapenem sensitive K. pneumoniae and Proteus were 50.4% (2 731/5 415), 24.6% (493/2001) and 35.2% (31/88), respectively. The prevalence of carbapenem-resistance in E. coli and K. pneumoniae were 1.5% (85/5 500), 20.6% (518/2 519), respectively. 8.3% (27/325) of carbapenem-resistance K. pneumoniae was resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. The resistance rates of A. baumannii to polymyxin and tigecycline were 2.8% (14/501) and 3.4% (17/501) respectively, and that of P. aeruginosa to carbapenem were 18.9% (103/546). Conclusions:The surveillance results from 2018 to 2019 showed that the main pathogens of bloodstream infection in China were gram-negative bacteria, while E. coli was the most common pathogen, and ESBLs-producing strains were in majority; the MRSA incidence is getting lower in China; carbapenem-resistant E. coli keeps at a low level, while carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae is on the rise obviously.

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