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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 204-210, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862412

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To establish the hypoxia induced endothelial-mesenchymal transition(EndoMT)model of endothelial cells, and to investigate the effect and mechanism of Pirfenidone(PFD)on inhibiting the subretinal fibrosis progression.<p>METHODS: Primary cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC), 4-7 passages were used for experiments after cell identification. CoCl<sub>2</sub> induced hypoxia to establish the transformation model of endothelial cells into fibroblasts. CCK-8 was performed to detect cell proliferation rate and chose the optimal drug concentration. All cells were divided into 4 groups: control group(FBS-free), CoCl<sub>2</sub>(200μmol/L)group, CoCl<sub>2</sub>+0.3mg/mL PFD group, CoCl<sub>2</sub>+0.6mg/mL PFD group. The protein expression of CD31, VE-cadherin, α-SMA, FSP1, p-p38 and p38 were detected by Western blot. Double immunofluorescence labeling method was used to observe the CD31/α-SMA expression. Wound healing assay detected the cell migration. The q-PCR was applied to detect the mRNA levels of TGF-β1 and SNAI1.<p>RESULTS: Compared with CoCl<sub>2</sub> group, PFD increased cell proliferation rate and inhibited cell migration significantly under hypoxia(<i>P</i><0.05). PFD decreased the protein expression of the mesenchymal markers α-SMA and FSP1, and increased the protein level of the endothelial markers CD31 and VE-cadherin(<i>P</i><0.05). Double immunofluorescence results showed that PFD could reduce the expression of α-SMA and increase the level of CD31(<i>P</i><0.05). In the process of EndoMT, the p38 protein expression level was stable(<i>P</i>>0.05). PFD down-regulated significantly the high protein expression of p-p38, and high mRNA expression of TGF-β1 and SNAI1 compared with control group(<i>P</i><0.05). There was no significant difference between the 0.3 and 0.6mg/mL PFD groups in all results above.<p>CONCLUSION: PFD can inhibit the formation of fibrosis in endothelial cells. TGF-β/p38MAPK signaling pathway might be one of the mechanisms that PFD regulates EndoMT progression. PFD will be expected to become a potential new sight on the treatment of subretinal fibrosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799785

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the risk factors of deep venous thrombosis(DVT) in lower limbs of orthopedic inpatients, and provide reference for clinical nursing and prevention of thrombosis.@*Methods@#A retrospective case-control approach was used in this study. A total of 148 orthopedic inpatients diagnosed with DVT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from February 2014 to October 2018 were selected as the case group. At the same time, 148 orthopaedic inpatients with undiagnosed DVT in the same Department were randomly selected as the control group. The electronic medical history data and related laboratory examination indexes of the two groups of patients during hospitalization in Orthopedics Department were analyzed retrospectively. Gender, age, seven indicators of blood coagulation, as well as history of hypertension, diabetes, history of DVT and other common risk factors of DVT in the two groups were statistically analyzed.@*Results@#In the case group, 63 patients (42.5%) DVT developed in the right lower extremity. The differences in the clinical symptoms and characteristics of fever, pulmonary infection, cough, expectoration, chest distress and shortness of breath, pleural effusion and constipation between the two groups were statistically significant (χ2 value was 5.688-12.312, P<0.01 or 0.05). Single factor analysis of related risk factors showed the differences of age, type of injury, lower limb joint replacement, a plaster cast, hypertension, history of DVT, central venous catheter, D-dimer and preoperative albumin levels, fibrinogen degradation products, and red blood cell count between the two groups were statistically significant (t value was-7.275-3.998, χ2 value was 4.889-13.305, Z value was-3.500--3.454, P < 0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that lower limb joint replacement(OR=0.383, 95%CI0.190-0.773), cough (OR=0.085, 95%CI0.010-0.731), chest distress and shortness of breath (OR=0.240, 95%CI0.077-0.745), constipation (OR=0.312, 95%CI0.135-0.718), red blood cell count (OR=3.314, 95%CI 2.105-5.216), hypertension (OR=0.534, 95%CI0.292-0.976) were independent risk factors for DVT formation in orthopedic inpatients (P<0.01 or 0.05).@*Conclusions@#DVT in orthopedic inpatients is a common result of multiple factors, among which, lower limb joint replacement, cough, chest distress and shortness of breath, constipation, red blood cell count and hypertension are independent risk factor, which should be monitored and given preventive care.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 851-857, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between segmental glomerulosclerosis and the change of renal function in IgA nephropathy (IgAN).Methods:It was a single-center retrospective cohort study. The patients with biopsy-proven primary IgAN who were hospitalized in Shenzhen Second People's Hospital from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2018 were included. Participants with a secondary cause of IgAN, without baseline serum creatinine or renal pathology data for Oxford classification, baseline estimated glomerulofiltration rate (eGFR)<30 ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1, follow-up time<6 months, or less than three times measurements of followed-up serum creatinine were excluded. The clinical data, laboratory tests and renal pathology data and so on were collected. Patients were divided into absence of segmental glomerulosclerosis (S0) group and segmental glomerulosclerosis (S1) group according to the Oxford classification. The generalized additive mixed model was used to analyze the associations of segmental glomerulosclerosis and longitudinal renal function decline (Renal function was evaluated by using the eGFR). Results:There were 280 patients included in this study, with 199 patients in S0 group, and 81 patients in S1 group. Compared with S0 group, patients in S1 group exhibited higher levels of triglyceride, serum uric acid as well as 24-hour urinary protein, and a lower level of eGFR, and had higher proportions of tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis (T) (all P<0.05). After adjusting for age, gender, mean arterial pressure, 24-hour urinary protein, mesangial hypercellularity (M), endocapillary hypercellularity (E), T and crescent (C) in the generalized additive mixed model, the effect value of S1 (the difference of baseline eGFR between S1 group and S0 group) was -14.09 ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1. For every additional year, the eGFR of S0 group decreased 1.29 ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1 (95% CI 0.47-2.12, P=0.002) in average, and eGFR decline in S1 group had 2.85 ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1 more than that in S0 group [95% CI 1.05-4.64, P=0.002]. Conclusion:Segmental glomerulosclerosis is independently associated with the longitudinal decrease in renal function in patients with IgAN, which suggests therapies targeted for improving the early damages of segmental glomerulosclerosis may be essential to delay the renal function decline progression.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864392

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of deep venous thrombosis(DVT) in lower limbs of orthopedic inpatients, and provide reference for clinical nursing and prevention of thrombosis.Methods:A retrospective case-control approach was used in this study. A total of 148 orthopedic inpatients diagnosed with DVT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from February 2014 to October 2018 were selected as the case group. At the same time, 148 orthopaedic inpatients with undiagnosed DVT in the same Department were randomly selected as the control group. The electronic medical history data and related laboratory examination indexes of the two groups of patients during hospitalization in Orthopedics Department were analyzed retrospectively. Gender, age, seven indicators of blood coagulation, as well as history of hypertension, diabetes, history of DVT and other common risk factors of DVT in the two groups were statistically analyzed.Results:In the case group, 63 patients (42.5%) DVT developed in the right lower extremity. The differences in the clinical symptoms and characteristics of fever, pulmonary infection, cough, expectoration, chest distress and shortness of breath, pleural effusion and constipation between the two groups were statistically significant ( χ2 value was 5.688-12.312, P<0.01 or 0.05). Single factor analysis of related risk factors showed the differences of age, type of injury, lower limb joint replacement, a plaster cast, hypertension, history of DVT, central venous catheter, D-dimer and preoperative albumin levels, fibrinogen degradation products, and red blood cell count between the two groups were statistically significant ( t value was-7.275-3.998, χ 2 value was 4.889-13.305, Z value was-3.500--3.454, P < 0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that lower limb joint replacement( OR=0.383, 95% CI0.190-0.773), cough ( OR=0.085, 95% CI0.010-0.731), chest distress and shortness of breath ( OR=0.240, 95% CI0.077-0.745), constipation ( OR=0.312, 95% CI0.135-0.718), red blood cell count ( OR=3.314, 95% CI 2.105-5.216), hypertension ( OR=0.534, 95% CI0.292-0.976) were independent risk factors for DVT formation in orthopedic inpatients ( P<0.01 or 0.05). Conclusions:DVT in orthopedic inpatients is a common result of multiple factors, among which, lower limb joint replacement, cough, chest distress and shortness of breath, constipation, red blood cell count and hypertension are independent risk factor, which should be monitored and given preventive care.

5.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 667-681, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826772

ABSTRACT

Vasovagal syncope (VVS) and postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) are the main forms of orthostatic intolerance in pediatrics and both are underlying causes of neurally-mediated syncope. In recent years, increasing attention has been paid to the management of VVS and POTS in children and adolescents. A number of potential mechanisms are involved in their pathophysiology, but the leading cause of symptoms varies among patients. A few studies thus have focused on the individualized treatment of VVS or POTS based on selected hemodynamic parameters or biomarkers that can predict the therapeutic effect of certain therapies and improve their effectiveness. This review summarizes the latest developments in individualized treatment of VVS and POTS in children and indicates directions for further research in this field.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1557-1565, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771773

ABSTRACT

To construct a eukaryotic expression plasmid containing the luciferase reporter gene (Fluc) to quickly detect apoptosis. Four amino acids, Asp-Glu-Val-Asp (DEVD), the recognize motif of Caspase-3, were introduced into the middle of the Fluc-C and N fragment. Meanwhile, four amino acids, Asp-Glu-Val-Gly (DEVG), were selected as a negative control. Subsequently, the recombinant gene was cloned into the N and C terminal end of the split intein, and named as pFluc-DEVD and pFluc-DEVG. Then the plasmids were transfected into cells and renilla luciferase was co-transfected in each sample as an internal control for transfection efficiency. Then the apoptosis level was detected by the double luciferase reporter gene and the Western blotting analysis. The results showed that when apoptosis occurred, the content of firefly luciferase expressed in the pFluc-DEVD plasmid transfected group was about 3 times higher than pFluc-DEVG plasmid transfected group. Furthermore, Western blotting detection indicated that the Fluc level was significantly increased in pFluc-DEVD transfected group when pre-treated by apoptosis stimulants. The activation degree of Caspase-3 was closely related to the expression of Fluc, and had a significant statistical difference. These results confirmed that firefly luciferase protein expressed by pFluc-DEVD plasmid can be cleaved by the intracellular Caspase-3 enzyme, and this plasmid can accurately reflect the cell apoptosis level, which provides a useful method for quantitative detection of apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Genes, Reporter , Luciferases, Firefly , Transfection
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of central nucleus of amygdala (CeA) lesion on the initiation and expression of sodium appetite in sodium-deficient rats.@*METHODS@#Three groups of SD rats (n=6 in each group) were treated with bilateral CeA lesion, sham lesion or no lesion. After the recovery, the rats were fed with low-sodium diets for 14 days to establish a sodium-deficient rat model. The double-bottle selection in single cage test was used to observe the intake of 0.3 mol/L NaCl and DW in 5 timepoint with 24 hours in sodium-deficient rats. Immunofluorescence staining of aldosterone-sensitive neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS)was used to investigate the effect of CeA lesion or not on the activity of aldosterone-sensitive neurons in rats with or without sodium deficiency.@*RESULTS@#After fed with low-sodium diet for14 days, the volume and preference rate of 0.3 mol/L NaCl intake of the rats within 24 h were significantly increased compared with those before low-sodium diet (P<0.01). The intake volume and the preference rate of 0.3 mol/L NaCl in CeA lesion rats were significantly decreased than those in CeA sham lesion rats and normal rats in the sodium-deficient condition (P<0.01). The CeA lesion had no effects on the activity of aldosterone-sensitive neurons in NTS in rats with low-sodium diet.@*CONCLUSION@#Low-sodium diet induces an increase in the expression of sodium appetite in rats. CeA lesions inhibit the behavioral expression of sodium appetite in sodium-deficient rats but have no effects on the initiation of sodium appetite in rats with sodium-deficient rats.


Subject(s)
Amygdala , Pathology , Animals , Appetite , Diet, Sodium-Restricted , Neurons , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sodium , Sodium, Dietary , Pharmacology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776522

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristic changes of the peripheral chorda tympanic nerve (CT) electrophysiological responses to salty stimulus and other taste stimuli in rats with the conditioned taste aversion to saltiness.@*METHODS@#Fourteen adult SD male rats were divided into a conditioned taste aversion to salty group (CTA) and a control group (Ctrl) (n=7/group). On the first day of the experiment, rats were given a 0.1 mol/L NaCl intake for 30 min, then, the rats in CTA and Ctrl groups were injected intraperitoneally with 2 ml of 0.15 mol/L LiCl and the same amount of saline respectively. On day 2, 3 and 4, the 30 min consumption of NaCl and distilled water was measured for both groups of rats. On the 4th day after the behavioral test of that day, CT electrophysiological recording experiments were performed on CTA rats and control rats.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the rats in Ctrl group, the electrophysiological characteristics of CT in CTA group rats did not change significantly the responses to the series of NaCl and other four basic taste stimuli (P>0.05). The amiloride, the epithelial sodium channel blocker, strongly inhibited the response of CT to NaCl in CTA and Ctrl group rats (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The electrophysiological responses of CT to various gustatory stimuli do not significantly change in rats after the establishment of conditional taste aversion to the saltiness.


Subject(s)
Amiloride , Pharmacology , Animals , Chorda Tympani Nerve , Physiology , Conditioning, Classical , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sodium Chloride , Taste , Physiology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754425

ABSTRACT

Tumor cells use several metabolic pathways to support bioenergetic and biosynthetic demands of proliferation. In addition to glucose, glutamine is an important source of precursor substances and energy for cancer cell growth. Glutaminase (GSL) activity is associated with Ras, c-Myc, and other oncogenes, as well as Rho GTP enzyme. Many preclinical studies have confirmed that glutamin-ase inhibitors not only exhibit anti-tumor activity, but can also remarkably enhance the sensitivity of resistant cancer cells to targeted drugs. At present, the novel GSL inhibitor CB-839 has entered phase I clinical trials and is expected to become a new drug for cancer treatment. This paper reviews the research progress on this novel glutaminase inhibitor and its antitumor activity.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698793

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the gold standard therapy for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) stenosis in coronary atherosclerosis. However, the treatment of ULMCA stenosis using drug-eluting stents has recently been reported to lead to a relatively low incidence of cardiovascular events.Thus,drug-eluting stents are a potential surrogate for CABG,and could become the new gold standard treatment for ULMCA stenosis; however, this issue remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To explore the safety and efficacy of CABG versus rapamycin-eluting stents for ULMCA stenosis in older adult patients with degenerative coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS: The proposed prospective, non-randomized, controlled trial will include 224 older adult patients with degenerative coronary atherosclerosis with ULMCA stenosis being treated at the Department of Cardiology at Taihe Hospital and Renmin Hospital of Shiyan, China. Patients will be divided into two groups in accordance with each patient’s treatment choice and indications (n=112/group): the stent group will receive rapamycin-eluting stents, while the CABG group will undergo CABG.All patients will be followed up at 9, 12, 24, and 36 months postoperatively. The primary outcome measure will be the rate of repeat revascularizations in the target lesion at 36 months postoperatively.The secondary outcome measures will be the rates of repeat revascularizations in the target lesion at 9, 12, and 24 months postoperatively, the rate of restenosis, mortality, causes of death, and survival at 9, 12, 24, and 36 months postoperatively, and the angiographic appearance of the diseased vessels preoperatively and at 9, 12, 24, and 36 months postoperatively. The safety indicator will be the incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events at 9, 12, 24, and 36 months postoperatively. Eighty-six older adult patients with degenerative coronary atherosclerosis who underwent treatment of ULMCA stenosis between January 2016 and December 2017 were included in a pilot study. Pilot study results showed that the stent group (n=48) had a significantly reduced waiting time for surgery, hospitalization time, and rate of complete revascularizations in the target lesion compared with the CABG group (n=38) (P < 0.05). At 6 months postoperatively, there were no significant differences between the two groups in mortality, and incidences of myocardial infarction, repeat revascularizations in the target lesion, and cardiovascular events. The trial was approved by the Ethics Committee of Taihe Hospital (approval No. TH005X) in July 2017 and by the Ethics Committee of Renmin Hospital of Shiyan (approval No. RM011X) in July 2017. All the patients will provide written informed consent with the premise of fully understanding the treatment plan. The study protocol will follow the relevant laws and regulations of the Declaration of Helsinki and relevant hospital’s ethical principles. Design of the trial was completed in January 2018. Recruitment will be initiated in August 2018 and it is expected to be completed in August 2019. Data analysis will be conducted in October 2022 and the trial will be completed in December 2022. The results of the study will be disseminated through presentations at scientific meetings and/or in peer-reviewed publications. The trial has been registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration No. ChiCTR1800016413) and the version number is 1.0 DISCUSSION: The results of this study will indicate the medium-and long-term efficacy and safety of rapamycin-eluting stents versus CABG in older adult patients with ULMCA stenosis, and then identify which of these two treatments has better prognosis, thereby screening out the optimal strategy for treating ULMCA.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697408

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the attitude and intention of endowment of community elderly residents. Methods Sixteen elderly residents were interviewed through objective sampling method. The Colaizzi analysis was used for data analysis. Results Four themes were concluded, including active attitude, negative attitude, most elderly choosing the home care service, low recognition about residential care facilities. Conclusion The elderly has different attitude of endowment. Therefore, researchers should pay attention to understand the old people's attitude towards the aged, guiding the elderly to face the elderly life actively, respecting the intention of the elderly, and taking this as the guidance to construct the diversified caring service system.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701595

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the actual implementation of hand hygiene(HH)of health care workers(HCWs), and provide evidence for improving HH management.Methods HH performance appraisal began to implement in a hospital in 2016, at the same time, third party(healthcare-associated infection management professionals in other hospitals)was invited to carry out 4 times of anonymous survey on HH among HCWs in the hospital, change in HH compliance rate among HCWs was compared.Results HH compliance of HCWs surveyed by the third party was 60.68%, HH rates in the first half and second half year were 52.72%and 68.62%respectively, difference was statistically significant(P<0.001).Compliance rate of HH in key departments(intensive care unit and neonatal department, 87.44%)was higher than surgical departments(64.71%)and internal medicine departments(53.74%), difference was statistically significant(both P<0.05).HH compliance rates of HCWs before and after contact with patients and after contact with the surrounding environment of patients were all low(53.59%, 58.07%, 43.97%, respectively).Conclusion HH surveyed by the third party can effectively reduce the Hawthorne effect during the observation process.HH performance appraisal can significantly improve the compliance of HH among HCWs.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 435-439, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342020

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The pathogenesis of postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the changes and significance of sulfur dioxide (SO) in patients with POTS.</p><p><b>Methods</b>The study included 31 children with POTS and 27 healthy children from Peking University First Hospital between December 2013 and October 2015. A detailed medical history, physical examination results, and demographic characteristics were collected. Hemodynamics was recorded and the plasma SOwas determined.</p><p><b>Results</b>The plasma SOwas significantly higher in POTS children compared to healthy children (64.0 ± 20.8 μmol/L vs. 27.2 ± 9.6 μmol/L, respectively, P < 0.05). The symptom scores in POTS were positively correlated with plasma SOlevels (r = 0.398, P < 0.05). In all the study participants, the maximum heart rate (HR) was positively correlated with plasma levels of SO(r = 0.679, P < 0.01). The change in systolic blood pressure from the supine to upright (ΔSBP) in POTS group was smaller than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The ΔSBP was negatively correlated with baseline plasma SOlevels in all participants (r = -0.28, P < 0.05). In the control group, ΔSBP was positively correlated with the plasma levels of SO(r = 0.487, P < 0.01). The change in HR from the supine to upright in POTS was obvious compared to that of the control group. The area under curve was 0.967 (95% confidence interval: 0.928-1.000), and the cutoff value of plasma SOlevel >38.17 μmol/L yielded a sensitivity of 90.3% and a specificity of 92.6% for predicting the diagnosis of POTS.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Increased endogenous SOlevels might be involved in the pathogenesis of POTS.</p>

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758785

ABSTRACT

T-cell internal antigen-1 (TIA-1) has roles in regulating alternative pre-mRNA splicing, mRNA translation, and stress granule (SG) formation in human cells. As an evolutionarily conserved response to environmental stress, SGs have been reported in various species. However, SG formation in chicken cells and the role of chicken TIA-1 (cTIA-1) in SG assembly has not been elucidated. In the present study, we cloned cTIA-1 and showed that it facilitates the assembly of canonical SGs in both human and chicken cells. Overexpression of the chicken prion-related domain (cPRD) of cTIA-1 that bore an N-terminal green fluorescent protein (GFP) tag (pntGFP-cPRD) or Flag tag (pFlag-cPRD) induced the production of typical SGs. However, C-terminal GFP-tagged cPRD induced notably large cytoplasmic granules that were devoid of endogenous G3BP1 and remained stable when exposed to cycloheximide, indicating that these were not typical SGs, and that the pntGFP tag influences cPRD localization. Finally, endogenous cTIA-1 was recruited to SGs in chicken cells and tissues under environmental stress. Taken together, our study provide evidence that cTIA-1 has a role in canonical SG formation in chicken cells and tissues. Our results also indicate that cPRD is necessary for SG aggregation.


Subject(s)
Chickens , Clone Cells , Cycloheximide , Cytoplasmic Granules , Humans , Protein Biosynthesis , RNA Precursors , RNA-Binding Proteins , T-Lymphocytes
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668914

ABSTRACT

Syncope is a common emergency of children and adolescents,which has serious influence on the quality of life.Neurally-mediated syncope,including postural tachycardia syndrome,vasovagal syncope,orthostatic hypotension and orthostatic hypertension,is the main cause of syncope in children and adolescents.The main manifestations of neurally-mediated syncope are diverse,such as dizziness,headache,chest tightness,chest pain,pale complexion,fatigue,pre-syncope and syncope.Although the clinical manifestations are similar,each subtype of syncope has its hemodynamic feature and optimal treatment option.The diagnosis rate of syncope in children has been greatly improved on account of the development of the diagnostic procedures and methods.In recent years,with the promotion of head-up tilt test and drug-provocated head-up tilt test,the hemodynamic classification of neurally-mediated syncope gets continually refined.In recent years,with the effort of clinicians,an appropriate diagnostic protocol for children with syncope has been established.The initial evaluation consists of history taking,physical examination,standing test and standard electrocardiography.After the initial evaluation,some patients could be diagnosed definitely,such as postural tachycardia syndrome,orthostatic hypotension,and situational syncope.Those with a specific entity causing syncope need selective clinical and laboratory investigations.Patients for whom the cause of syncope remained undetermined should undergo head-up tilt test.The precise pathogenesis of neurally-mediated syncope is not entirely clear.In recent years,studies have shown that neurally-mediated syncope may be related to several factors,including hypovolemia,high catecholamine status,abnormal local vascular tension,decreased skeletal muscle pump activity and abnormal neurohumoral factors.Currently based on the possible pathogenesis,the individualized treatment of neurally-mediated syncope has also been studied in-depth.Generally,the management of neurallymediated syncope includes non-pharmacological and pharmacological interventions.Patient education is the fundamental part above all.In addition to exercise training,the first-line treatments mainly include oral rehydration salts,beta adrenoreceptor blockers,and alpha adrenoreceptor agonists.By analyzing the patient's physiological indexes and biomarkers before treatment,the efficacy of medication could be well predicted.The individualized treatment will become the main direction in the future researches.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of the co-morbidity of vasovagal syncope (VVS) and postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) with allergic diseases in children.Methods:A retrospective analysis was launched to summarize the clinical data of children with VVS and POTS.They were divided into allergic group and non-allergic group according to the history of allergic diseases.The participants' clinical characteristics were compared between allergic group and non-allergic group using independent sample t test or rank sum test;composition comparisons were completed by Chi-square test.Bi-variate correlation analysis was used to explore the association between eosinophil percentage/count and symptom scores/frequency of syncope episodes.A P value < 0.05 was defined as statistically significant.Results:Sixty-seven children complaining of orthostatic intolerance (43 patients diagnosed as VVS and 24 cases diagnosed as POTS) were enrolled.Totally 21 cases (31%) had allergic diseases,inclu ding allergic rhinitis,atopic eczema,asthma,as well as food allergy.And allergic rhinitis is the most common co-morbidity.There were no significant differences between the two groups in age,gender ratio,height,body weight and basement blood pressure.Compared with the non-allergic group,the allergic group showed later onset age (year) (11 ± 2 vs.9 ± 3,P < 0.05) of orthostatic intolerance and shorter course of the diseases (month) [8.0 (0.1,0.1) vs.24.0 (0.1,144.0),P<0.05].The frequency of syncope episodes in the allergic group among VVS children (times per month) [2.50 (0.08,30.00) vs.O.25 (0.03,5.00),P < 0.05] was much higher than that in the non-allergic group.Additionally,the eosinophil percentage (%) [3.50 (0.70,0.59) vs.1.65 (0.30,6.20),P<0.001] and eosino phil count (×109) [0.18 (0.05,0.71) vs.0.10 (0.02,0.38),P<0.001] were increased in the allergic group.However,there were no remarkable differences in the results of head-up tilt test in children with VVS or in the maximum change of heart rate during standing test in children with POTS were involved.Conclusion:Allergic diseases are common co-morbidities in children with both VVS and POTS.Allergic rhinitis is the most common co-morbidity.Children with co-morbidity of VVS/POTS and allergic diseases had a later onset of symptoms of orthostatic intolerance,and were more likely to be hospitalized for intensive attacks of symptoms during a short period when compared with those without allergic diseases.Children diagnosed as VVS combined with allergic diseases had more frequent episodes of syncope.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the incident tendency and constituent ratio of thyroid tumors, patient age, and histology, as well as present scientific data for the prevention and treatment of thyroid tumors in Nanchong. Methods:Data were collected in the Affili-ated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College from 2001 to 2015. Microsoft Excel and SPSS 17.0 were used to analyze the data statis-tically. Results:A total of 3299 cases of thyroid tumors were observed for a span of 15 years. The cases of benign tumors were 2503, while those of malignant tumors were 796. Most cases of benign (33.0%) and malignant (27.3%) tumors occurred in the 40-49 age group. At 35 years old and below, the proportion of patients with thyroid malignant tumors was 23.5%. The number of male patients was 566, while that of female patients was 2733, resulting in a male-to-female ratio of 1:4.8. Conclusion:As the incidence of thyroid tumors increase every year, so does the constituent ratios of thyroid malignant tumors. The onset of tumors in men and women were significantly different. These findings should attract more clinicians' and preventive researchers' attention. Targeted detection, preven-tion, and control need to be carried out immediately.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2778-2784, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324740

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Vasovagal syncope (VVS) is the most common cause of syncope in children. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) plays an important role in the regulation of blood pressure (BP), as well as myocardial contractility. This study aimed to explore the role of plasma NPY in VVS in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-six children who were diagnosed with VVS (VVS group) using head-up tilt test (HUT) and 31 healthy children who were selected as controls (control group) were enrolled. Plasma NPY concentrations were detected. The independent t-test was used to compare the data of the VVS group with those of the control group. The changes in plasma NPY levels in the VVS group during the HUT, as well as hemodynamic parameters, such as heart rate (HR), BP, total peripheral vascular resistance (TPVR), and cardiac output (CO), were evaluated using the paired t-test. Furthermore, the correlations between plasma NPY levels and hemodynamic parameters were analyzed using bivariate correlation analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The BP, HR, and plasma NPY (0.34 ± 0.12 pg/ml vs. 0.46 ± 0.13 pg/ml) levels in the supine position were statistically low in the VVS group compared to levels in the control group (all P < 0.05). Plasma NPY levels were positively correlated with the HR (Pearson, R = 0.395, P < 0.001) and diastolic BP (Pearson, R = 0.311, P = 0.003) when patients were in the supine position. When patients in the VVS group were in the supine position, elevated TPVR (4.6 ± 3.7 mmHg·min-1·L-1 vs. 2.5 ± 1.0 mmHg·min-1·L-1, respectively, P < 0.001; 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) and reduced CO (1.0 ± 0.7 L/min vs. 2.4 ± 1.3 L/min, respectively, P < 0.001) were observed in the positive-response period compared with baseline values. The plasma NPY levels were positively correlated with TPVR (Spearman, R = 0.294, P = 0.028) but negatively correlated with CO in the positive-response period during HUT (Spearman, R = -0.318, P = 0.017).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Plasma NPY may contribute to the pathogenesis of VVS by increasing the TPVR and decreasing the CO during orthostatic regulation.</p>

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2235-2237, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To screen the α-glucosidase inhibitory active part from Pothos chinensis. METHODS:The aqueous extractions of P. chinensis were extracted by petroleum,ethyl acetate,n-butyl alcohol in turn to obtain different polarparts. Effect of each part on α-glucosidase inhibitory activity was determined,and enzyme inhibition kinetics was conducted for the screened parts with strong activity and relatively high yield rate;effects of each part on blood glucose level of mice loaded with glucose,su-crose and starch were respectively determined (using Acacoside tablet as positive control). RESULTS:Enzyme inhibition kinetics in vitro showed the ethyl acetate part [yield rate was 0.40%,enzyme activity inhibition rate was(72.90±2.85)%] had strongα-glu-cosidase inhibitory activity and showed a dose-dependent,fast,non-competitive and reversible model. Results of in vivo glucose tol-erance indicated that Acacoside tablet and each part of P. chinensis had no effects on blood glucose level of glucose-loaded mice (P>0.05);while Acacoside tablet and ethyl acetate part in P. chinensis could reduce 30,60 min blood glucose level of su-crose-loaded mice and 30,60,120 min blood glucose level of starch-loaded mice(P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:Ethyl acetate part is theα-glucosidase inhibitory active part from Yao medicine P. chinensis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609194

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at preparing paeonol thermosensitive gel and preliminary exploring its properties in vitro.Tube inversion method was adopted to investigate the effects of concentrations of poloxamer 407 and poloxamer 188 on gelation temperature.Then,viscosity of the gel was detected by rotary viscometer,and in vitro erosion and drug release characteristics of the gel by no film stripping method.As a result,the gelation temperature of poloxamer 407 decreased with the increase of its concentration,while gelation temperature of poloxamer 407 increased with the accelerating concentration of poloxamer 188.The cumulative drug release of paeonol thermo sensitive gel was up to 70% in 320 rin.Gel dissolution and drug release were simultaneously performed without burst release phenomenon.It was concluded that the preparation process of paeonol thermo sensitive gel was simple and easy to use with the overt effect of sustained-release.

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