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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 870-877, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988736

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo develop a deep learning system for early ultrasound screening of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), a new smart-hip ultrasound technique (S-hip), and to validate its clinical application. MethodsWe selected 11,100 annotated and reviewed coronal ultrasound images of infant hips between November 2021 and August 2022, 8,100 of which were used for the training set and 3,000 for the test set, to build a S-hip deep learning system. To verify the consistency between the automated measurement by S-hip and the manual measurements by sonographers, 174 standard coronal ultrasound images of 87 infants' bilateral hips were acquired, then α angle, β angle and femoral head coverage (FHC) were measured by S-hip, an ultrasound expert and a resident. The measurement data and the time required for the measurements were recorded and statistically analyzed. Another 100 standard coronal ultrasound images of the hips were randomly selected and measured twice respectively by the ultrasound expert and resident to assess the intra-sonographer repeatability. ResultsThe intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (95% CI) values of α angle, β angle and FHC results measured by S-hip and ultrasound expert were 0.799 (0.738, 0.847), 0.798 (0.737, 0.846) and 0.934 (0.954, 0.975), respectively. Those values measured by the ultrasound expert and resident were 0.725 (0.645, 0.789), 0.674 (0.583, 0.748) and 0.931 (0.908, 0.949), respectively. The mean absolute errors (MAE) of α angle, β angle and FHC results between measurements by S-hip and ultrasound expert were 2.69 °, 4.43 ° and 2.47%, respectively. The time required for measurements by S-hip, ultrasound expert and resident was (1.59±0.36) s, (18.76±2.23) s and (19.45±2.76) s, respectively. The automated measurement by S-hip cost much shorter time than the manual measurements by sonographers and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The ICC (95% CI) values of α angle, β angle and FHC results between two measurements by the ultrasound expert were 0.943 (0.916, 0.961), 0.959 (0.940, 0.972), and 0.981 (0.971, 0.987), respectively. Those values by the ultrasound resident were 0.884 (0.833, 0.921), 0.921 (0.884, 0.946), and 0.962 (0.944, 0.974). ConclusionThe S-hip based on a deep learning system is a highly reliable automated technique to accurately measure α angle, β angle and FHC. Compared with ultrasound residents, S-hip allows for a more simplified and significantly quicker measurement, which may enhance the widespread use of hip ultrasound screening in infants.

2.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 808-813, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985990

ABSTRACT

Objective: To retrospectively investigate the clinical data, radiological characteristics, treatment, and outcome of patients with parenchymal neuro-Behcet's disease (P-NBD) with particular emphasis on dizziness. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of clinical data from 25 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of P-NBD who were admitted to the Department of Neurology of the First Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital between 2010 and 2022. The median age of the population was 37 years (range: 17-85 years). Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed, including gender, age of onset, disease duration, clinical manifestations, serum immune indicators, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) routine biochemical and cytokine levels, cranial and spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, treatment, and outcome. Results: The majority of patients were male (16 cases; 64.0%), the mean age of onset was (28±14) (range: 4-58 years), and the disease course was acute or subacute. Fever was the most common clinical presentation, and the complaint of dizziness was not uncommon (8/25 patients). Analysis of serum immune indices, including complement (C3 and C4), erythrocyte sedimentation rate, interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, IL-8 and tumor necrotic factor-alpha were abnormal in 80.0% of patients (20/25). Most of the 16/25 patients who underwent lumbar puncture tests had normal intracranial pressure and increased CSF white cell count and protein [median values were 44 (15-380) ×106/L and 0.73 (0.49-2.81) g/L, respectively]. Of the five patients who underwent CSF cytokine tests, four patients had abnormal results; of these, an elevated level of IL-6 was most common, followed by IL-1 and IL-8. The most common site of involvement in cranial MRI was the brainstem and basal ganglia (60.0% respectively), followed by white matter (48.0%) and the cortex (44.0%). Nine cases (36.0%) showed lesions with enhancement and six cases (24.0%) showed mass-like lesions. Three patients (12.0%) patients had lesions in the spinal cord, most frequently in the thoracic cord. All patients received immunological intervention therapy; during follow up, the majority had a favorable outcome. Conclusions: P-NBD is an autoimmune disease with multiple system involvement and diverse clinical manifestations. The symptom of dizziness is not uncommon and can be easily ignored. Early treatment with immunotherapy is important and can improve the outcome of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Behcet Syndrome/diagnosis , Interleukin-6 , Retrospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interleukin-8 , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neurology
3.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 117-123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970455

ABSTRACT

Intervention mapping (IM) is a framework for formulating theory-and evidence-based health education projects with participatory approaches from ecological perspectives.The intervention program designed via IM plays a role in reducing the exposure of cancer risk factors,increasing cancer prevention behaviors,and promoting early cancer screening and rehabilitation of cancer patients.This study summarizes the characteristics,implementation steps,and application status of IM in tertiary prevention of cancer,aiming to provide reference for the application of IM in the health education projects for cancer in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tertiary Prevention , Neoplasms/prevention & control , China , Risk Factors
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2250-2258, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982825

ABSTRACT

Entinostat plus exemestane in hormone receptor-positive (HR+) advanced breast cancer (ABC) previously showed encouraging outcomes. This multicenter phase 3 trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of entinostat plus exemestane in Chinese patients with HR + ABC that relapsed/progressed after ≥1 endocrine therapy. Patients were randomized (2:1) to oral exemestane 25 mg/day plus entinostat (n = 235) or placebo (n = 119) 5 mg/week in 28-day cycles. The primary endpoint was the independent radiographic committee (IRC)-assessed progression-free survival (PFS). The median age was 52 (range, 28-75) years and 222 (62.7%) patients were postmenopausal. CDK4/6 inhibitors and fulvestrant were previously used in 23 (6.5%) and 92 (26.0%) patients, respectively. The baseline characteristics were comparable between the entinostat and placebo groups. The median PFS was 6.32 (95% CI, 5.30-9.11) and 3.72 (95% CI, 1.91-5.49) months in the entinostat and placebo groups (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.58-0.98; P = 0.046), respectively. Grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) occurred in 154 (65.5%) patients in the entinostat group versus 23 (19.3%) in the placebo group, and the most common grade ≥3 treatment-related AEs were neutropenia [103 (43.8%)], thrombocytopenia [20 (8.5%)], and leucopenia [15 (6.4%)]. Entinostat plus exemestane significantly improved PFS compared with exemestane, with generally manageable toxicities in HR + ABC (ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT03538171).

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 823-829, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of eltrombopag combined with cyclosporine A (CsA) and CsA alone in patients with transfusion-dependent non-severe aplastic anemia (TD-NSAA).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 76 patients with treatment-naive TD-NSAA in Ningde Municipal Hospital of Ningde Normal University and Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from December 2017 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 45 cases were treated with eltrombopag combined with CsA, and 31 patients with compatible baseline characters were treated with CsA alone. The efficacy of patients between the two groups was compared, and the factors affecting the curative effects were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in hematological response (HR) and complete response(CR) rates between the two groups at 3, 6, 12 months, and follow-up endpoint of treatment (P<0.05). With the prolongation of eltrombopag treatment time, the curative effect increased gradually, and the patients achieved more CR and HR rates by the end of the follow-up period. Simultaneously, with the increase in the maximum stable dose of eltrombopag, the HR rate increased gradually. The megakaryocyte count in eltrombopag group was higher than that in control at 6 and 12 months (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the median time of platelet transfusion independence in eltrombopag group was more shorter (P=0.018), and the median platelets transfusion volume was lower (P=0.009). At 3, 6, 12 months after eltrombopag, the change of platelet in eltrombopag group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). Analysis of related factors affecting the efficacy showed that sex, age, iron overload, platelet count before treatment had no effect on the efficacy, and the median maximum stable dosage and the administration period for eltrombopag were related to the curative effect. The patients of eltrombopag group experienced adverse events of varying degrees, but the reactions were mild and mostly tolerated.@*CONCLUSION@#Eltrombopag can effectively improve the hematopoietic response and promote platelet recovery for TD-NSAA patients with relatively more residual hematopoietic cells, and it is safe and well tolerated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Immunosuppression Therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 381-385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical effect of percutaneous minimally invasive osteotomy with 8-shaped bandage and hallux valgus splint fixation in treating moderate hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#Totally 23 patients with moderate hallux valgus were treated with percutaneous minimally invasive osteotomy with 8-shaped bandage and hallux valgus splint fixation from August 2019 to January 2021, and 1 patient was loss to follow-up, and finally 22 patients(30 feet) were included, 4 males (6 feet) and 18 females(24 feet), aged from 27 to 66 years old with an average of(50.59±11.95) years old. Hallux valgus angle (HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA), metatarsal span (the distance between the first and the fifth metatarsal bones), changed of soft tissue width, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) score, and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were collected and compared before operation and 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-two patients were followed up from 5.7 to 6.4 months with an average of (6.13±0.85) months. The first metatarsal osteotomy of patients were obtained bone union, and deformity of the toes was corrected. Complications such as avascular necrosis of metatarsal head and transfer metatarsalgia were not occurred. Postoperative HVA, IMA, metatarsal span, soft tissue width, VAS, AOFAS score at 6 months were significantly improved compared with pre-operation (P<0.01). According to AOFAS score at 6 months after operation, 10 feet were excellent, 18 good and 2 poor. Two feet with poor were excellent after prolonged 8-shaped bandage and hallux valgus splint fixation time.@*CONCLUSION@#Percutaneous minimally invasive osteotomy with 8-shaped bandage and hallux valgus splint fixation for the treatment of moderate hallux valgus could better correct deformity of hallux valgus, relieve foot symptoms, good recovery of postoperative function, and has a significant clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hallux Valgus/diagnostic imaging , Splints , Radiography , Bunion , Treatment Outcome , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Osteotomy , Bandages
7.
Gut and Liver ; : 318-327, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966900

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#A high-quality sample allows for next-generation sequencing and the administration of more tailored precision medicine treatments. We aimed to evaluate whether heparinized wet suction can obtain higher quality samples than the standard dry-suction method during endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biopsy of pancreatic masses. @*Methods@#A prospective randomized crossover study was conducted. Patients with a solid pancreatic mass were randomly allocated to receive either heparinized wet suction first or dry suction first. For each method, two needle passes were made, followed by a switch to the other method for a total of four needle punctures. The primary outcome was the aggregated white tissue length. Histological blood contamination, diagnostic performance and adverse events were analyzed as secondary outcomes. In addition, the correlation between white tissue length and the extracted DNA amount was analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 50 patients were enrolled, and 200 specimens were acquired (100 with heparinized wet suction and 100 with dry suction), with one minor bleeding event. The heparinized wet suction approach yielded specimens with longer aggregated white tissue length (11.07 mm vs 7.96 mm, p=0.001) and less blood contamination (p=0.008). A trend towards decreasing tissue quality was observed for the 2nd pass of the dry-suction method, leading to decreased diagnostic sensitivity and accuracy, although the accumulated diagnostic performance was comparable between the two suction methods. The amount of extracted DNA correlated positively to the white tissue length (p=0.001, Spearman ̕s ρ=0.568). @*Conclusions@#Heparinized wet suction for EUS tissue acquisition of solid pancreatic masses can yield longer, bloodless, DNA-rich tissue without increasing the incidence of adverse events (ClinicalTrials.gov. identifier NCT04707560).

8.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 1034-1044, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002738

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Problematic use of social media (PUSM) may affect sleep quality and self-stigma in people with schizophrenia and consequently reduce their quality of life (QoL). This longitudinal study investigated if sleep quality and self-stigma mediated relationships between PUSM and QoL. @*Methods@#One-hundred-and-ninety-three outpatients with schizophrenia were recruited from a psychiatric center in Taiwan from April 2019 to August 2021 and participated in a longitudinal study at intervals of three months between measurements. QoL was assessed using the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire Brief Version; sleep quality using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; self-stigma using the Self-Stigma Scale-Short; and PUSM using the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale. Via SPSS 20.0, general estimating equation models assessed temporal associations between variables. Via R software, mediating effects of self-stigma and sleep quality were examined through Monte Carlo simulations with 20,000 repetitions. @*Results@#Mean scores of physical, psychological, social and environmental QoL ranged from 11.86 to 13.02. Mean scores of sleep quality and self-stigma were 9.1±4.5 and 2.2±0.8, respectively. Sleep quality and self-stigma were directly related to QoL (p<0.001) and mediated indirect relationships between PUSM and all components of QoL with a range of 95% confidence intervals spanning from -0.0591 to -0.0107 for physical QoL; -0.0564 to -0.0095 for psychological QoL; -0.0292 to -0.0035 for social QoL; and -0.0357 to -0.0052 for environmental QoL. @*Conclusion@#Sleep quality and self-stigma mediated relationships between PUSM and QoL in people with schizophrenia. Developing interventions targeting PUSM, sleep, and self-stigma may help improve QoL in people with schizophrenia.

9.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 663-667, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979220

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of percutaneous and intravenous contrast-enhanced ultrasound(P-Ⅳ-CEUS) in sentinel lymph nodes(SLNs) after resection of early-stage primary breast cancer. MethodsA retrospective analysis was done on the clinical and imaging data of 42 early breast cancer patients. Following primary tumor resection, all these patients underwent reoperation in our hospital. SLNs were examined by preoperative P-Ⅳ-CEUS and intraoperative sentinel lymph node biopsy(SLNB) was performed by using Methylene blue as a tracer. Then we analyzed the detection and false-negative rate in CEUS and SLNB respectively. By using the surgical pathological results as the gold standard, the diagnostic efficacy of CEUS for SLNs was explored. ResultsThe detection rate and false negative rate of SLNs in percutaneous contrast-enhanced ultrasound (P-CEUS) were 92.9% (39/42) and 7.1% (3/42), respectively. The detection rate in methylene blue staining was 100% (41/41) and one patient underwent neoadjuvant therapy due to biopsy-confirmed metastasis. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of P-Ⅳ-CEUS were 66.7% (2/3), 100% (37/37), 100% (2/2), 97.3% (36/37) and 97.4% (38/39), respectively. ConclusionsP-Ⅳ-CEUS after resection of early-stage primary breast cancer can accurately detect SLNs and characterize their status, which is a reliable clinical basis for reducing invasive SLNB.

10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 573-578, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the main factors affecting the positive results of acupuncture for chronic pain in English literature of randomized controlled trial (RCT), in order to provide reference for the design of acupuncture clinical research.@*METHODS@#The RCTs of acupuncture for chronic pain published before March 26, 2020 were searched in PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library by computer. A total of 21 factors were analyzed by single-factor analysis, and the factors with statistically significant difference were selected for multivariate Logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 69 RCTs were included, including 47 RCTs (68.12%) with positive results and 22 RCTs (31.88%) with non-positive results. The multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed with the three screened factors (publication year, treatment frequency and intervention form) selected by single-factor analysis, and the results showed that the positive results were related to the frequency of acupuncture treatment. The positive rate of RCT with frequency≥2 times a week was 3.24 times of that with frequency<2 times a week (OR=3.24, 95%CI =[1.07,9.83], P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture frequency may be the main factor affecting the positive results of RCT in English literature of acupuncture for chronic pain. More researches are needed in the future to explore the influence of acupuncture frequency on the curative effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , PubMed
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 533-539, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927419

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of wheat-grain moxibustion at "Dazhui" (GV 14) on the expressions of Beclin-1 and GRP78 in spinal dorsal horn in rats with cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR), and to explore the possible analgesic mechanism of wheat-grain moxibustion for CSR.@*METHODS@#A total of 48 SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a wheat-grain moxibustion group and a wheat-grain moxibustion+3-MA group, 12 rats in each group. The CSR model was prepared by spinal cord insertion method. Three days after modeling, the rats in the model group were intraperitoneally injected with 1 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride solution; the rats in the wheat-grain moxibustion group were treated with wheat-grain moxibustion at "Dazhui" (GV 14, 6 cones per time) on the basis of the model group; the rats in the wheat-grain moxibustion+3-MA group were intraperitoneally injected with 3-MA solution and wheat-grain moxibustion at "Dazhui" (GV 14, 6 cones per time). The three groups were intervened for 7 days, once a day. The gait score and mechanical pain threshold were observed before treatment and 7 days into treatment; after the treatment, the expressions of mRNA and protein of Beclin-1 in spinal dorsal horn were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry; the expression of GRP78 protein in spinal dorsal horn was detected by Western blot method; the autophagosomes and ultrastructure in spinal dorsal horn neurons were observed by electron microscope.@*RESULTS@#After the treatment, compared with the sham operation group, in the model group, the gait score was increased and the mechanical pain threshold was decreased (P<0.01), and the expression of GRP78 protein in spinal dorsal horn was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group and the wheat-grain moxibustion+3-MA group, in the wheat-grain moxibustion group, the gait score was decreased and mechanical pain threshold was increased (P<0.01), and the expression of GRP78 protein in spinal dorsal horn was decreased, and the expressions of mRNA and protein of Beclin-1 were increased (P<0.01). Under electron microscope, the ultrastructure of spinal dorsal horn neurons in the wheat-grain moxibustion group was not significantly damaged, and its structure was basically close to normal, and the number of autophagosomes was more than the other three groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Wheat-grain moxibustion at "Dazhui" (GV 14) has analgesic effect on CSR rats. The mechanism may be related to moderately up-regulate the expression of Beclin-1, enhance autophagy and reduce endoplasmic reticulum stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Beclin-1/genetics , Endoplasmic Reticulum Chaperone BiP , Moxibustion , RNA, Messenger , Radiculopathy/therapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn , Spondylosis , Triticum/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 711-714, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934698

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the experience of child sexual abuse (CSA) and depressive symptoms among young men who sex with men (YMSM) in Guangzhou, and then to explore the impact of CSA on depressive symptoms.@*Methods@#A convenient sampling method was used to recruit MSM. YMSM who aged 18-24 and have lived in Guangzhou for more than 3 months were included in this study. Data on demographic characteristics, homosexual partners seeking behaviors, sexual orientation, CSA experience and depression were collected through an electronic questionnaire. χ 2 tests were used to compare the proportion of CSA and depressive symptoms among YMSM with different characteristics. Logistic regressions were preformed to assess the impact of CSA on depression.@*Results@#The proportion of CSA experience and depressive symptoms among participants were 31.51% (115/365) and 47.95% (175/365), respectively. Participants with junior high school education or lower and who sought homosexual partners offline reported(75.00%,62.22%) a higher proportion of depressive symptoms( χ 2=7.97,4.19, P <0.05). After adjusting for factors e.g. ethnicity, residence, resident duration in Guangzhou, studentship, education, monthly income, sexual orientation and homosexual partners seeking behaviors, the multivariable Logistic regression model showed that YMSM with CSA experience (a OR=1.81, 95%CI =1.12-2.93) were more likely to have depressive symptoms than those without CSA experience.@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of CSA experience and depressive symptom is relatively high among YMSM in Guangzhou, and CSA experience is associated with higher risk of depressive symptoms. More attention should be paid to strengthen the psychological intervention for YMSM, especially for those who experienced CSA, so as to reduce the risk of depression and improve mental health among YMSM.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 34-39, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of macular morphology and blood flow after minimally invasive vitrectomy (PPV) in patients with severe non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (sNPDR).Methods:A prospective clinical study. From January 2020 to April 2021, 17 consecutive sNPDR patients with 17 eyes who were diagnosed and received PPV treatment at the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center of Sun Yat-sen University were included in the study. There were 12 males with 12 eyes and 5 females with 5 eyes; the average age was 55 years old; the average duration of diabetes was 11 years; the average glycosylated hemoglobin was 7.9%. Before the operation and 1, 3, and 6 months after the operation, all the affected eyes underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), standard 7-field fundus color photography, and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). An OCTA instrument was used to scan the macular area of the affected eye with in the range of 3 mm×3 mm to measure the central subfoveal thickness (CST), the thickness of the ganglion cell complex (GCC) in the macular area, the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) vessel density and perfusion density in the macular area, macular avascular zone (FAZ) area, a-circularity index (AI). Before the operation and 6 months after the operation, the least significant difference test was used for the pairwise comparison.Results:Before the operation, 1, 3, and 6 months after the operation, the FAZ area of the macular area were 0.34±0.14, 0.35±0.10, 0.37±0.10, 0.36±0.13 mm 2, respectively; AI were 0.52±0.13, 0.54±0.11, 0.57±0.10, 0.60±0.11; CST was 282.6±66.7, 290.4±70.9, 287.2±67.5, 273.2± 49.6 μm; GCC thickness were 77.1±15.5, 74.3±13.9, 72.6±16.2, 78.5±18.3 μm; the thickness of RNFL was 97.9±13.8, 101.3±14.6, 97.7±12.0, 96.1±11.4 μm, respectively. The overall blood flow density of SCP in the macula were (16.79±1.43)%, (16.71±1.82)%, (17.30±2.25)%, (17.35±1.22)%; the overall perfusion density were 0.32±0.02, 0.32±0.03, 0.33±0.03, 0.33±0.02, respectively. After the operation, the CST increased first and then decreased; the thickness of RNFL increased 1 month after the operation, and then gradually decreased. Comparison of the parameters before and 6 months after the operation showed that the AI improved, and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.049); the difference in FAZ area and the thickness of CST, GCC, and RNFL was not statistically significant ( P=0.600, 0.694, 0.802, 0.712); There was no statistically significant difference in the retina SCP blood flow density and perfusion density in the macular area ( P=0.347, 0.361). Conclusion:Compared with before surgery, there is no significant change in macular structure and blood flow density in sNPDR patients within 6 months after minimally invasive PPV.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 650-655, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933835

ABSTRACT

Axial myopathy is a general term for a group of myopathy involving the axial muscles. It refers to a group of skeletal myopathy in which paraspinal muscles are individually or significantly affected, with or without the involvement of whole body skeletal muscles. Axial muscle weakness is often ignored in clinical practice. The evaluation of axial muscle is mainly the evaluation of the paraspinal muscles (erector spinae) in current literature. The clinical manifestations of paraspinal muscle weakness are dropped head syndrome and camptocormia. Physical examination and skeletal muscle magnetic resonance imaging, especially the whole body muscle magnetic resonance scan, are vital for the evaluation of axial muscle. It is of great clinical significance to increase attention to the diagnosis and differentiation of axial myopathy, which is helpful to avoid missing treatable diseases and improve the understanding and early recognition of associated myopath.

15.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 773-776, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955399

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy and safety of different doses of esketamine in the prevention and treatment of shivering after epidural anesthesia during cesarean section.Methods:Ninety women with American Society of Anesthesiologists grade Ⅰ to Ⅱ who underwent cesarean section from February to April 2021 in Dalian Women and Children′s Medical Center (Group) were divided into three groups by random digits table method: 0.9% sodium chloride group (group C, 30 cases); 0.25 mg/kg esketamine group (K1 group, 30 cases); esketamine 0.50 mg/kg group (K2 group, 30 cases). After epidural anesthesia, each group was given the drugs in the trial plan intravenously. General condition, shivering, sedation, Apgar score, psychiatric symptoms, nausea and vomiting were observed and recorded.Results:Finally, 81 cases were completed, including 27 cases in group C, 28 cases in group K1, and 26 cases in group K2. Shivering assessment: there was no grade 2/3 shivering in K1 group and K2 group, but the incidence of grade 2/3 shivering in C group was 25.93% (7/27) and 70.37% (19/27) the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Sedation assessment: in the groups of K1 and K2, incidences of mild/moderate sedation were 92.86% (26/28)/7.14% (2/28) and 3.85% (1/26)/96.15% (25/26), respectively, obviously higher than those of group C, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.01); there were no significant differences in the incidences of maternal mental symptoms, nausea and vomiting, and Apgar score of newborns among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:0.25 and 0.50 mg/kg esketamine are effective in preventing and treating shivering after cesarean section with epidural anesthesia without obvious adverse reactions.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 861-867, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957978

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical data of a patient with anti-contactin- associated protein-like 2 (CASPR2) antibodies-related Morvan syndrome (MoS) and the related literature, and summarize the clinical characteristics of MoS patients.Methods:Clinical data of a CASPR2 antibodies-related MoS patient who was admitted in the Department of Neurology, the First Medical Center of Chinese People′s Liberation Army General Hospital in June 2021 were collected. CASPR2 IgG was detected by cell-based assay. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), skin sympathetic response (SSR) and other examinations were performed. Clinical profiles of MoS patients were summarized by database retrieval.Results:The patient was a 55-year-old man presenting with peripheral nerve hyperexcitability, autonomic dysfunctions, neuropsychiatric symptoms and pain. Physical examination showed cognitive impairment, muscle quivering and absent deep-tendon reflexes. There was no family history of MoS and poisons exposure in this patient. Auxiliary examination showed serum creatine kinase was elevated (570 U/L) and antinuclear antibodies were positive (granular-type 1∶320). Other rheumatic and immunological antibodies, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, autoantibody profile, tumor marker, thyroid function, etc, were normal. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein and immunoglobulin were slightly higher. CASPR2 antibodies were positive in both serum and CSF (serum: 1∶100, CSF: 1∶10). Needle electromyography showed myokymic discharges, motor and sensory nerve conduction velocities were normal. SSR showed no waveform was elicited from both hands and feet. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging suggested scattered ischemic changes in the brain. PET/CT showed local metabolism increased slightly in soft tissues of bilateral shoulder and back, right lumbar and back muscles and bilateral gluteus medius. A total number of 232 cases of MoS patients were found in literature reports, most of which were male. The most common clinical manifestations were sleep disorders, and cognitive deficits accounted for 32.3%. Among them, skeletal muscle involvement was found in only 1 case by PET, and 4 patients had SSR abnormalities. Most of the patients had favorable neurological outcomes after the immunotherapy.Conclusions:MoS, as an autoimmune syndrome, may present with high uptake of skeletal muscle in PET/CT examination. Skeletal muscle involvement is a rare clinical manifestation of this disease. SSR as an electrophysiological test to evaluate autonomic neuropathy, its clinical value should be further strengthened.

17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1144-1151, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical, thigh magnetic resonance (tMRI) and electromyographic (EMG) characteristics in patients with immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy (IMNM).Methods:A total of 32 IMNM patients who were admitted to the Department of Neurology from April 2019 to April 2021 were enrolled at the First Medical Centre of Chinese PLA General Hospital. According to the type of antibody, the patients were divided into anti-SRP antibody positive (SRP +) group, anti-HMGCR antibody positive (HMGCR +) group and seronegative (SN) group. The gender, age, course of disease, myositis antibodies, extramuscular manifestations, EMG were collected and analyzed among three groups. The characteristics of skeletal muscle were assessed by tMRI inflammatory edema and fat infiltration scores. Analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis test and Chi-square test were used to compare the differences in different clinical characteristics and tMRI scores among the three groups. When there was a statistical difference among the three groups, the comparison between the two groups was corrected by the Bonferroni method. Result:(1) Of the 32 patients, 20 were females (62.5%).The median age of onset was 47±14 years, 25 (78.1%) patients had an acute or subacute course.There were 17 (53.1%) with SRP +, 8 (25.0%) with HMGCR +, and 7 (21.9%) with MSAs (myositis specific antibodies) negative. Anti-Ro52 antibody was the most common combined antibody (12/32, 37.5%), among which 10 were in SRP +group.(2) The CK of all patients were elevated, median was 5 948 (4 229, 7 664) U/L. There was no statistical difference of MMT scores among three groups. The proximal limb score was lower than distal limb ( P<0.01). The axial muscle score was lower than the distal limb score ( P<0.05).(3) Extramuscular manifestations of HMGCR + group were lower than those of the other two groups (12.5% vs. 71.4% and 76.5%, P<0.017). Rash (60.0% vs.14.3%, P<0.05) and interstitial pulmonary diseases (70.0% vs. 14.3%, P<0.05) were more common in patients with anti-SRP coexistence with anti-Ro52 than those with isolated anti-SRP. Connective tissue disease was more common in SN group (57.1% vs. 11.8% and 0, P<0.017).(4) tMRI showed fascial edema of SN group was more obvious than that of the other two groups ( P<0.017). There was no statistical difference in the degree of fat infiltration and inflammatory edema among three groups, but SRP + group had more cases of early fat infiltration.(5) Myotonic potentials (25.0% vs. 0 and 0, P<0.017) and compound repetitive discharges (CRDs) (50.0% vs. 5.9% and 0, P<0.017) were common in HMGCR + group. Proteomic analysis found significantly different expressed proteins in skeletal muscle of patients with myotonic potentials or CRDs were associated with cytoskeleton, cell junction and extracellular matrix. Conclusion:IMNM with pure anti-SRP antibody positive and anti-HMGCR positive were mainly affected by skeletal muscles. Those who were co-positive for anti-SRP antibody and anti-Ro52 antibody had more extramuscular manifestations, which might be a special subtype of SRP + group. This study proposed for the first time that myofascial inflammatory edema is an early sign of SN-IMNM injury. EMG of HMGCR +group were more prone to myotonia potential and CRDs.

18.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 420-427, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897768

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition requires a long learning curve. We aimed to compare the skill maturation curves between fine needle aspiration (FNA) and biopsy (FNB) for tissue acquisition. @*Methods@#The initial 60 procedures performed by the trainee endosonographer (30 FNA vs. 30 FNB) were consecutively enrolled. The difference in procedure performance was compared between the two groups. Learning curves were assessed. Twenty additional cases were subsequently enrolled to assess the consistency of performance in the FNB group. @*Results@#The FNB group acquired larger tissue samples (2.35 vs. 0.70 mm2; p<0.001) with lower blood content (p=0.001) and higher tissue quality (p=0.017) compared with the FNA group. In addition, the FNB group required less needle pass to establish a diagnosis (2.43 vs. 2.97; p=0.006). A threshold diagnostic sensitivity of ≥80% was achieved after performing 10 FNB procedures. The number of needle passes significantly decreased after conducting 20 FNB procedures (1.80 vs. 2.70; p=0.041). The diagnostic sensitivity and number of needle passes remained the same in the subsequent FNB procedures. By contrast, this skill maturation phenomenon was not observed after performing 30 FNA procedures. @*Conclusions@#In EUS-guided tissue acquisition, the FNB needle was more efficient and thus shortened the learning curve of EUSguided tissue acquisition in trainee endosonographers.

19.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 420-427, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890064

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition requires a long learning curve. We aimed to compare the skill maturation curves between fine needle aspiration (FNA) and biopsy (FNB) for tissue acquisition. @*Methods@#The initial 60 procedures performed by the trainee endosonographer (30 FNA vs. 30 FNB) were consecutively enrolled. The difference in procedure performance was compared between the two groups. Learning curves were assessed. Twenty additional cases were subsequently enrolled to assess the consistency of performance in the FNB group. @*Results@#The FNB group acquired larger tissue samples (2.35 vs. 0.70 mm2; p<0.001) with lower blood content (p=0.001) and higher tissue quality (p=0.017) compared with the FNA group. In addition, the FNB group required less needle pass to establish a diagnosis (2.43 vs. 2.97; p=0.006). A threshold diagnostic sensitivity of ≥80% was achieved after performing 10 FNB procedures. The number of needle passes significantly decreased after conducting 20 FNB procedures (1.80 vs. 2.70; p=0.041). The diagnostic sensitivity and number of needle passes remained the same in the subsequent FNB procedures. By contrast, this skill maturation phenomenon was not observed after performing 30 FNA procedures. @*Conclusions@#In EUS-guided tissue acquisition, the FNB needle was more efficient and thus shortened the learning curve of EUSguided tissue acquisition in trainee endosonographers.

20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1333-1337, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921055

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of acupuncture combined with wheat-grain moxibustion and oral sertraline hydrochloride dispersible tablets in the treatment of mild to moderate postpartum depression.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with mild to moderate postpartum depression were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. Both groups were treated with psychotherapy. The control group was treated with oral sertraline hydrochloride dispersible tablets, 50 mg each time, once a day; the observation group was treated with acupuncture at Qihai (CV 6), Zusanli (ST 36), Xuehai (SP 10), Hegu (LI 4), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Taixi (KI 3), etc. combined with wheat-grain moxibustion at Xinshu (BL 15), Pishu (BL 20), Ganshu (BL 18) and Shenshu (BL 23), once every other day, 3 times a week. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks as a course, with 2 consecutive courses of treatment. Before and after treatment and follow-up of 3 months after the end of treatment, the Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) and World Health Organization quality of life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) score of the two groups were compared, and the clinical effect was assessed.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and during follow-up, the HAMD and EPDS scores of the two groups were lower than before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with wheat-grain moxibustion can improve the depressive symptoms of patients with mild to moderate postpartum depression and improve their quality of life, and the clinical effect is more lasting and stable than oral sertraline hydrochloride dispersible tablets.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression, Postpartum/therapy , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Triticum
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