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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879141

ABSTRACT

To investigate the potential molecular mechanism of the combination of Platycodonis Radix and Lilii Bulbus with the homology of medicine and food in the treatment of pneumonia by means of network pharmacology and in vitro verification experiment. Under the condition of bioavailability(OB)≥30% and drug-like(DL)≥0.18, the active components of Platycodonis Radix and Lilii Bulbus were screened in TCMSP database; the prediction targets of active components were searched from TCMSP, DrugBank and other databases, and the potential targets of pneumonia were obtained through GeneCards and OMIM database. The common targets were obtained by the intersection of drug and disease targets. The PPI network of common targets was constructed by STRING 11.0, and the core targets were obtained by topological analysis. Then the core targets received GO and KEGG analysis with use of WebGestalt and Metascape. The "component-target-pathway" network was constructed with the help of Cytoscape 3.7.1 software, and the component-target molecular docking verification was carried out with Discovery Studio 2016 software. Finally, the core targets and pathways were preliminarily verified in vitro. In this study, 12 active components were screened, 225 drug prediction targets and 420 potential diseases targets were obtained based on data mining method, and 14 core targets were obtained by topological analysis, including TNF, MMP9, AKT1, IL4 and IL2. The enrichment results of GO and KEGG showed that "Platycodonis Radix and Lilii Bulbus" drug pair may regulate inflammation, cell growth and metabolism by acting on 20 key signaling pathways such as TNF and IL-17, thereby exerting anti-pneumonia effects. The results of molecular docking showed that 12 active components had good binding ability with 14 core targets. In vitro experiment results showed that the core components of "Platycodonis Radix and Lilii Bulbus" drug pair could inhibit the expression of MMP9 and TNF-α by regulating TNF signal pathway. This study confirmed the scientificity and reliability of the prediction results of network pharmacology, and preliminarily revealed the potential molecular mechanism of the compatibility of Platycodonis Radix and Lilii Bulbus in the treatment of pneumonia. It provides a novel insight on systematically exploring the mechanism of the compatible use of Platycodonis Radix and Lilii Bulbus, and has a certain reference value for the research, development and application of new drugs.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Reproducibility of Results
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879055

ABSTRACT

The rat everted intestinal sac model was adopted to investigate the absorption of total flavonoids from Coreopsis tinctoria in different intestinal segments. Cyaniding-3-O-β-D-glucoside, chlorogenic acid, flavanomarein, quercetagetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, iso-okanin, marein and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid which as the major chemical components of total flavonoids from C. tinctoria were selec-ted as the study objects to evaluate the absorption characteristics of each component in different intestinal segments. The results showed that the absorption of seven components of total flavonoids at different intestinal segments was in consistent with zero order absorption rate. The K_a of chlorogenic acid, flavanomarein, quercetagetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, isookanin and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid increased with increasing of concentration of total flavonoids(P<0.05), indicating that the intestinal absorption of these five components was passive transport. The K_a of cyaniding-3-O-β-D-glucoside and marein showed a weak concentration dependence, suggesting that the absorption of them may be an positive and passive co-existing mode. The result of absorption in different intestinal segments showed that cyaniding-3-O-β-D-glucoside, chlorogenic acid, flavanomarein, quercetagetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, marein and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid were mainly absorbed in ileum, while isookanin was mainly absorbed in jejunum. The total flavonoids of C. tinctoria are selectively absorbed in intestinal tract, the rat everted intestinal sac model can be used to evaluate the multi-component intestinal absorption characteristics of total flavonoids from C. tinctoria.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chlorogenic Acid , Coreopsis , Flavonoids , Intestinal Absorption , Plant Extracts , Rats
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879021

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of Huangqin Decoction on ulcerative colitis(UC) pyroptosis, and to explain the mechanism of pyroptosis based on NOD-like receptor thermoprotein domain 3(NLRP3)/cysteine proteinase 1(caspase-1) pathway. The animal model of UC induced with 3% dextran sodium sulfate(DSS) was established. The experimental animals were divided into control group, model group, low-dose(4.55 g·kg~(-1)), medium-dose(9.1 g·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(18.2 g·kg~(-1)) Huangqin Decoction groups and salazosulfapyridine group(0.45 g·kg~(-1)). While modeling, intragastric administration was given for 7 consecutive days. On the 8 th day, the mice were euthanized, the colon length was collected, and the histopathological changes were observed by HE staining. The content of interleukin-18(IL-18) was observed by ELISA. The content of lactatedehydrogenase(LDH)was determined by microplate method. TUNEL assay kit was used to detect the cell death. The immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expressions of NLRP3 and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD(ASC). Western blot was used to detect the expressions of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), caspase-1 and gasdermin D(GSDMD).The experimental study showed that compared with normal group, the LDH content, TUNEL positive staining, inflammatory factors(IL-18, IL-1β), and proteins associated with pyroptosis were significantly increased(P<0.05). Compared with model control group, the LDH content, TUNEL positive staining, inflammatory factors(IL-18, IL-1β), and proteins associated with pyroptosis were decreased, and these results were more significant in high-dose groups(P<0.05). The results of HE staining showed that Huangqin Decoction could improve the pathological changes of colon. Huangqin Decoction could inhibit UC cell pyroptosis, and the mechanism may be closely related to NLRP3/caspase-1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caspase 1/genetics , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Mice , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Pyroptosis , Scutellaria baicalensis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878913

ABSTRACT

In the process of harvesting, production and processing, storage, and transportation, the traditional Chinese medicine Platycladi Semen is prone to mildew due to its own and environmental factors, which can nourish the production of toxic or pathogenic fungi, and even produce mycotoxins, which affects the safety of clinical medication. The 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia limits the highest standard of aflatoxin content in Platycladi Semen. However, there are few studies on the fungal contamination of Platycladi Semen, and it is difficult to prevent and control it in a targeted manner. Therefore, based on the Illumina NovaSeq6000 platform, this article uses ITS sequence amplicon technology to analyze the distribution and diversity of fungi in 27 batches of commercially available Platycladi Semen in the Chinese market. A total of 10 phyla, 35 classes, 93 orders, 193 families, 336 genera, and 372 species of fungi were identified in China. Among them, Aspergillus, Alternaria spp. were dominant, 20 batches of samples were detected for A. flavus, 10 batches of samples were detected for A. nidulans, and all samples were detected for potential pathogenic fungi such as A. fumigatus and A. niger. According to diversity analysis, the diversity of the fungal communities in the samples from Gansu province was high, the samples in Shandong province contain the largest number of fungal species, and the samples in Guangxi province had the lo-west diversity and the least number of species. In most samples, pathogenic fungi such as A. fumigatus, A. niger, A. flavus, A. parasiticus were detected in varying degrees. This study systematically investigated the fungal contamination of Platycladi Semen from the markets in the last link of the its industrial chain, and clarified the distribution of Platycladi Semen fungi, especially toxin-producing fungi, and provided theoretical basis for the targeted prevention and control of fungal contamination in Platycladi Semen.


Subject(s)
Aflatoxins , China , Fungi/genetics , Humans , Mycobiome , Mycotoxins/analysis , Semen/chemistry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878886

ABSTRACT

To standardize the processing technology of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata and stabilize its quality, the similar change laws of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata with different processing methods and time were analyzed. The processing time of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata was studied at 24, 32, 40, 48 h, and 4 different processing methods were studied, namely stewed with black bean sauce, steamed, steamed with black bean sauce, and steamed with black bean sauce and rice wine. The content of stilbene glycosides and anthraquinones were determined by HPLC-DAD method. UV method was used to determine the content of polysaccharides, and HPLC-ELSD method was used to determine the monosaccharides and oligosaccharides. The comparative chart of content determination, cluster analysis and entropy weight TOPSIS model was used to find the similar change laws and time interval of different processing methods of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata. The results demonstrated that around 32 h, the content of nine components in Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata with different processing methods had similar change laws, and the decoction pieces had a high quality, indicating that the four processing methods of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata are likely to be used as one type of decoction piece with the same name.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycosides , Plant Roots , Polygonum
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878878

ABSTRACT

Polysaccharides are macromolecular compounds formed by more than 10 monosaccharide molecules linked by glycosidic bonds. Polysaccharides have a wide range of sources, high safety and low toxicity, with a variety of biological activities, such as anti-tumor, anti-virus, immune regulation, lowering blood glucose, and lowering blood lipids. Type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2 DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia, insulin resistance and low inflammation. In recent years, the treatment of T2 DM with polysaccharide has become a research hotspot. Polysaccharides can not only make up for the side effects such as hypoglycemia, weight gain, gastrointestinal injury caused by long-term treatment of acarbose, biguanidine and sulfonylurea, but also play an effective role in reducing glucose by regulating glucose metabolism, oxidative stress, inflammatory response, intestinal flora, etc. In this paper, the research progress of polysaccharides in the treatment of T2 DM was reviewed. In addition, the hot spots such as the hypoglycemic activity of polysaccharides with structural modifications were summarized, providing theoretical guidance for the development of active polysaccharide hypoglycemic medicines and the further study of action mechanism.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Insulin Resistance , Polysaccharides
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1376-1384, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878639

ABSTRACT

To rapidly and accurately manipulate genome such as gene deletion, insertion and site mutation, the whole genome of a very virulent strain Md5 of Marek's disease virus (MDV) was inserted into bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) through homogeneous recombination. The recombinant DNA was electroporated into DH10B competent cells and identified by PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. An infectious clone of Md5BAC was obtained following transfection into chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cells. Furthermore, a lorf10 deletion mutant was constructed by two step Red-mediated homologous recombination. To confirm the specific role of gene deletion, the lorf10 was reinserted into the original site of MDV genome to make a revertant strain. All the constructs were rescued by transfection into CEF cells, respectively. The successful packaging of recombinant viruses was confirmed by indirect immunofluorescence assay. The results of growth kinetics assay and plaques area measurement showed that the lorf10 is dispensable for MDV propagation in vitro. Overall, this study successfully constructed an infectious BAC clone of MDV and demonstrated its application in genome manipulation; the knowledge gained from our study could be further applied to other hepesviruses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chick Embryo , Chickens , Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial , DNA, Recombinant , Herpesvirus 2, Gallid/genetics , Marek Disease
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 898-907, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878139

ABSTRACT

Pneumoconiosis refers to a spectrum of pulmonary diseases caused by inhalation of mineral dust, usually as the result of certain occupations. The main pathological features include chronic pulmonary inflammation and progressive pulmonary fibrosis, which can eventually lead to death caused by respiratory and/or heart failure. Pneumoconiosis is widespread globally, seriously threatening global public health. Its high incidence and mortality lie in improper occupational protection, and in the lack of early diagnostic methods and effective treatments. This article reviews the epidemiology, safeguard procedures, diagnosis, and treatment of pneumoconiosis, and summarizes recent research advances and future research prospects.


Subject(s)
Dust , Humans , Occupational Diseases , Occupational Exposure , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Pulmonary Fibrosis
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1079-1086, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878133

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of lipids and cancer has varied greatly among different cancer types, lipid components and study populations. This study is aimed to investigate the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant lesions in esophageal squamous epithelium.@*METHODS@#In the "Endoscopic Screening for Esophageal Cancer in China" (ESECC) trial, serum samples were collected and tested for total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol at the time of subject enrollment. Cases were defined as malignant esophageal lesions identified by baseline endoscopic examination or by follow-up to May 31, 2018. Controls were randomly selected using incidence density sampling in the same cohort. Conditional logistic models were applied to identify the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant esophageal lesions. Effect modification was evaluated by testing interaction terms of the factor under assessment and these serum lipid indicators.@*RESULTS@#No consistent association between serum lipid levels and esophageal malignant lesions were found in a pooled analysis of 211 cases and 2101 controls. For individuals with a family history of esophageal cancer (EC), high TC, and LDL-C were associated with a significantly increased risk of having malignant lesions (odds ratio [OR]High vs. Low TC = 2.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-4.35; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 1.93, 95% CI: 1.01-3.65). However, a negative association was observed in participants without an EC family history (ORHigh vs. Low TC = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.48-0.98, Pinteraction = 0.002; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.34-0.76, Pinteraction < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we found that the association of serum lipids and malignant esophageal lesions might be modified by EC family history. The stratified analysis would be crucial for population-based studies investigating the association of serum lipids and cancer. The mechanism by which a family history of EC modifies this association warrants further investigation.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China , Cholesterol, HDL , Early Detection of Cancer , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Lipids , Triglycerides
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1152-1159, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878126

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Compared to adult studies, studies which involve the treatment of pediatric congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) are limited and no universal treatment regimen is available. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)/human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) therapy for treating male adolescents with CHH.@*METHODS@#Male adolescent CHH patients were treated with hCG/hMG (n = 20) or a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) pump (n = 21). The treatment was divided into a study phase (0-3 months) and a follow-up phase (3-12 months). The testicular volume (TV), penile length (PL), penis diameter (PD), and sex hormone levels were compared between the two groups. The TV and other indicators between the groups were analyzed using a t-test (equal variance) or a rank sum test (unequal variance).@*RESULTS@#Before treatment, there was no statistical difference between the two groups in terms of the biochemistry, hormones, and other demographic indicators. After 3 months of treatment, the TV of the hCG/hMG and GnRH groups increased to 5.1 ± 2.3 mL and 4.1 ± 1.8 mL, respectively; however, the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05, t = 1.394). The PL reached 6.9 ± 1.8 cm and 5.1 ± 1.6 cm (P  0.05, t = 0.314). After 9 to 12 months of treatment, the T level was higher in the hCG/hMG group. Other parameters did not exhibit a statistical difference.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The hCG/hMG regimen is feasible and effective for treating male adolescents with CHH. The initial 3 months of treatment may be a window to optimally observe the strongest effects of therapy. Furthermore, results from the extended time-period showed positive outcomes at the 1-year mark; however, the long-term effectiveness, strengths, and weaknesses of the hCG/hMG regimen require further research.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02880280; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02880280.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Chorionic Gonadotropin/therapeutic use , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Hypogonadism/drug therapy , Male , Menotropins/therapeutic use , Spermatogenesis , Testosterone
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complicated with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease between the combined therapy of acupuncture and western medication and the simple administration of western medication.@*METHODS@#A total of 134 patients with T2DM and angina pectoris of coronary heart disease were randomly divided into two groups, i.e. an acupuncture plus medication group (67 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a medication group (67 cases, 4 cases dropped off). The routine western medication was used according to symptoms in the patients of both groups. In the acupuncture plus medication group, on the base of medication, acupuncture was applied to Jianshi (PC 5), Quchi (LI 11), Neiguan (PC 6), etc. The needles were retained for 20 min in each treatment and 3 treatments of acupuncture were required weekly. The treatment was given consecutively for 8 weeks in the two groups. Separately, before and after treatment, the symptom scores of TCM were observed and the indexes were detected, including glycolipid metabolism [fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-h plasma glucose (2hPG), glucosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), triacylglycerol (TG) and total cholesterol (TC)], islet β cell function [homeostasis model assessment-β (HOMA-β), homeostasis model assessment-IR (HOMA-IR), fasting insulin (FINS) and insulin sensitivity index (ISI)], cardiac function indexes [cardiac output (CO), early diastolic peak velocity/late diastolic peak velocity (E/A), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)], as well as electrocardiogram QT dispersion (QTd). Besides, the clinical therapeutic effects were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the TCM symptom scores and the values of FPG, 2hPG, HbA1c, TG, TC, HOMA-IR, FINS, E/A and LVEDD as well as QTd were all lower than those before treatment in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The combined therapy of acupuncture and medication is effective in treatment of T2DM complicated with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. Such therapy effectively improves glucolipid metabolism, islet β cell function, cardiac function and myocardial blood supply. Its curative effect is better than the simple administration of western medicine.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Angina Pectoris/etiology , Blood Glucose , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Humans , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture on vascular endothelial function in patients of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT).@*METHODS@#A total of 140 patients with PCOS were divided into an IGT group (70 cases, 11 dropped off) and a NGT group (70 cases, 9 cases dropped off). The patients in the two groups were treated with full-cycle acupuncture at Zhongwan (CV 12), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), Tianshu (ST 25), etc. once every other day, 3 times a week, for 3 months. Before and after treatment, TCM symptom score, insulin resistance index [including fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour blood glucose (2hPG), fasting serum insulin (FINS), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR)] and vascular endothelial related factors [including asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMD), endothelin-1 (ET-1), malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO)] were compared between the two groups; in addition, the obese subgroup and non-obese subgroup of the two groups were further compared.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the TCM symptom scores, ADMD, ET-1 and MDA after treatment were decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture could improve vascular endothelial function in PCOS patients, IGT patients have better efficacy than NGT patients, and obese patients have better efficacy than non-obese patients.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Blood Glucose , Female , Glucose , Glucose Intolerance/therapy , Humans , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/therapy
13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1360-1367, 2021.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877328

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the changes and potential effects of differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) in the development and progression of liver injury in a mouse model of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) induced by concanavalin A (ConA). MethodsEight healthy male specific pathogen-free C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into model group and control group, with four mice in each group. The mice in the model group were given tail vein injection of ConA 15 mg/kg, and those in the control group were given an equal volume of normal saline. All mice were sacrificed after 8 hours of modeling, Total RNA in liver tissue was extracted, gene microarray was used to screen out differentially expressed miRNAs, and target prediction and function analysis were performed for upregulated and downregulated miRNAs. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of differentially expressed miRNAs between two groups. ResultsThe principal component analysis showed that the inter-group difference of the data extracted by gene microarray met the conditions for further analysis. Compared with the control group, the model group had 31 upregulated miRNAs and 18 downregulated miRNAs in mouse liver, which had a regulatory relationship with 959 target genes (601 upregulated genes and 358 downregulated genes). GO analysis showed that in the model group, the target genes of the upregulated miRNAs mainly had the molecular functions such as “DNA binding” (P=1.47×10-6), participated in the biological processes such as “transcription, DNA-templated” (P=2.36×10-7), and were mainly enriched in the cellular components such as “neuronal cell body” (P=5.99×10-6), while the target genes of the downregulated miRNAs had the molecular functions such as “RNA polymerase II proximal promoter sequence-specific DNA binding” (P=2.49×10-6), participated in the biological processes such as “regulation of transcription, DNA-templated” (P=1.64×10-11), and were mainly enriched in the cellular components such as “nucleoplasm” (P=4.30×10-10). KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that the target genes of the upregulated miRNAs were mainly enriched in “Endocytosis” (P=0.000 4), while the target genes of the downregulated miRNAs were mainly enriched in the “Hippo signaling pathway” (P=0.004), and the above functional analysis results were statistically significant (P<0.05). ConclusionThere are differentially expressed miRNAs in the pathogenesis of AIH, and these differentially expressed miRNAs can provide new targets for the clinical treatment of AIH.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 679-682, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877126

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Explored the characteristics of parental rearing styles, and its association with depressive symptoms and the self-directed learning ability among high school students during COVID-19 epidemic, while providing a basis for family intervention in the area of adolescent mental health and students learning abilities.@*Methods@#A total of 2 893 high school students from the southern, central, and northern regions of Anhui Province were selected using a stratified-cluster sampling method in Feb. 2020. The online questionnaire survey regarding depressive symptoms, self-directed learning abilities, and rearing styles was administered using the smartphone application Questionnaire Star.@*Results@#The prevalence rate of depressive symptoms was 38.9% among high school students during the COVID-19 outbreak. The parental rearing styles of high school students who reported depressive symptoms were characterized as follows:the scores of the parental emotional warmth factor, while relatively high scores of other factors, except the preferred factor. In addition, all of the factors showed statistically significant differences(P<0.01). The parental rearing styles of high school students with a weak self-directed learning ability were characterized as low scores in parental emotional warmth, parents prefer, and paternal over-protection(P<0.05). Ordinal logistic regression analysis revealed that the negative correlation between depressive symptoms, low self-learning ability and parents emotional warmth(father OR=0.95, mother OR=0.95) and father over involvement(OR=0.95), the positive correlation between depressive symptoms, low self-learning ability and father rejection(OR=1.07) and over protection(OR=1.06).@*Conclusion@#Depressive symptoms and the self-directed learning ability of high school students might be associated with paternal rearing styles, particularly in the case of emotional warmth.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876074

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the clinical value of three-dimensional (3D) printing model in accurate and minimally invasive treatment of double outlet right ventricle (DORV). Methods    From August 2018 to August 2019, 35 patients (22 males and 13 females) with DORV aged from 5 months to 17 years were included in the study. Their mean weight was 21.35±8.48 kg. Ten patients who received operations guided by 3D printing model were allocated to a 3D printing model group, and the other 25 patients who received operations without guidance by 3D printing model were allocated to a non-3D printing model group. Preoperative transthoracic echocardiography and CT angiography were performed to observe the location and diameter of ventricular septal defect (VSD), and to confirm the relationship between VSD and double arteries. Results    The McGoon index of patients in the 3D printing model group was 1.91±0.70. There was no statistical difference in the size of VSD (13.20±4.57 mm vs. 13.40±5.04 mm, t=−0.612, P=0.555), diameter of the ascending aorta (17.10±2.92 mm vs. 16.90±3.51 mm, t=0.514, P=0.619) or diameter of pulmonary trunk (12.50± 5.23 mm vs. 12.90±4.63 mm, t=−1.246, P=0.244) between CT and 3D printing model measurements. The Pearson correlation coefficients were 0.982, 0.943 and 0.975, respectively. The operation time, endotracheal intubation time, ICU stay time and hospital stay time in the 3D printing model group were all shorter than those in the non-3D printing model group (P<0.05). Conclusion    The relationship between VSD and aorta and pulmonary artery can be observed from a 3D perspective by 3D printing technology, which can guide the preoperative surgical plans, assist physicians to make reasonable and effective decisions, shorten intraoperative exploration time and operation time, and decrease the surgery-related risks.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 319-327, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872598

ABSTRACT

Chalcone isomerase (CHI) is the second rate-limiting enzyme involved in the biosynthetic pathway of flavonoids in Glycyrrhiza uralensis. Based on our previous studies, we selected the specific CHI haplotype (GenBank Accession No. KY115232) to maximize flavonoid accumulation. We constructed a plant binary expression vector for overexpression of this CHI gene by the gene fusion method and transfected the plasmid into Agrobacterium tumefaciens ACCC10060 by electroporation. The recombinant A. tumefaciens ACCC10060 subsequently was used to infect cotyledons and hypocotyls of G. uralensis to obtain transgenic hairy roots. A qRT-PCR method was used to determine the copy number of CHI and a UPLC method was used to assay the content of four flavonoids in different hairy root lines. The qRT-PCR results showed that the copy number of CHI in hairy roots was 1 or 5. UPLC results showed that the content of total flavonoids, liquiritin, liquiritigenin, and isoliquiritigenin in transgenic hairy root samples was significantly higher than that in wild-type samples. This study demonstrates that overexpression of CHI significantly increases the content of flavonoids in hairy roots of G. uralensis. This work provides a theoretical basis for clarifying the function of CHI. Three transgenic hairy root lines of G. uralensis were isolated which can be used to increase the accumulation of licorice flavonoids in vitro.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 90-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862781

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the incidence, diagnostic and therapeutic experience of hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 4 patients with HSOS after liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. The incidence, clinical manifestations, imaging and pathological characteristics of HSOS after liver transplantation were collected, and the treatment methods and clinical outcomes of patients with HSOS were analyzed. Results The incidence of HSOS after liver transplantation was 0.8%(2/239), and the median time of onset was 4.5(1.7, 9.0) months after liver transplantation. The clinical manifestations of HSOS mainly included abdominal distension, ascites, hepatomegaly, increased bilirubin, and renal insufficiency in partial cases. Enhanced abdominal CT scan of 4 patients with HSOS showed uneven spot-like enhancement and the liver histopathological examination mainly showed the signs of hepatic sinusoidal dilatation complicated with congestion. Four patients were administered with an adjusted regime of immunosuppressant by replacing tacrolimus (Tac) with ciclosporin and adding anticoagulant therapy with warfarin. One patient received transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). After treatment, the symptoms of 3 patients were completely relieved, and 1 patient died. One of the 3 surviving patients died from pulmonary infection and gastrointestinal bleeding. Conclusions HSOS is a rare and fatal complication after liver transplantation. Timely diagnosis and treatment can avoid the incidence of graft failure and improve clinical prognosis of the patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862753

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current status of bone mineral density level in middle-aged and elderly people in Chengdu, and to analyze its influencing factors. Methods A random sample of 1 954 healthy people from the physical examination center of Sichuan People's Hospital was selected. A questionnaire survey was used to collect demographic data, chronic medical history, diet, exercise, and other conditions. The phalanx bone mineral density was collected by on-site measurement. Results With the increase of age, bone mineral density decreased significantly, and the bone mineral density of females in the same age group was lower than that of males (P65 years old and females were >55 years old. Univariate analysis showed that age, gender, hypertension, diabetes, alcohol consumption, smoking, exercise, sun exposure and drinking milk, coffee, tea and carbonated beverages were associated with the level of bone mineral density. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that diabetes, smoking and regular drinking of coffee or tea were risk factors for the decrease of bone mineral density (P<0.05). Regular exercise, drinking milk and sun exposure were protective factors for bone mineral density (P<0.05). Conclusion Bone mineral density level is affected by various factors. Regular exercise, drinking milk and sun exposure can relieve the decrease of bone mineral density. Maintaining blood glucose stability, quitting smoking and drinking less coffee and tea can help to prevent osteoporosis. It is necessary to strengthen health education for high-risk population.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862548

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically evaluate the effect of Pringle’s measure (PM) versus hemihepatic vascular occlusion (HVO) in hepatectomy for primary liver cancer. MethodsRelated Chinese and English databases were searched for control studies on HVI versus PM in the treatment of primary liver cancer published up to June 2020. After quality evaluation and data extraction of the included studies, RevMan5.3 software was used for the meta-analysis. ResultsA total of 10 studies were included in the Meta-analysis, with 1272 patients in total. On days 1 and 3 after surgery, the HVO group had a significantly lower level of alanine aminotransferase than the PM group (day 1: mean difference [MD]=-172.71, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -289.26 to -56.16, P=0.004; day 3: MD=-130.35, 95%CI: -221.25 to -39.45, P=0.005). On day 3 after surgery, the HVO group had a significantly lower level of aspartate aminotransferase than the PM group (MD=-84.56, 95%CI: -166.47 to -2.65, P=0.04), and on days 1 and 3 after surgery, the HVO group had a significantly higher level of albumin than the PM group (day 1: MD=1.31, 95%CI: 0.06-2.56, P=0.04; day 3: MD=1.81, 95%CI: 027-335, P=0.02). The HVO group had a significantly longer time of operation than the PM group (MD=8.95, 95%CI: 4.30-13.60, P<0.01). ConclusionHVO is a safe and effective method for vascular occlusion, and compared with PM, it can effectively alleviate liver injury. However, surgeons should select a suitable method for occlusion based on their own personal experience, patients’ conditions, and specific situation during surgery.

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International Eye Science ; (12): 144-147, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837734

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the effect of pupil dilation on ocular biometry and IOL power in cataract patients with high myopia, and the difference between cataract patients with high myopia and cataract patients with normal axial length(AL).<p>METHODS:Measurements of AL, corneal curvature(K including K1 and K2), anterior chamber depth(ACD)were performed using IOLmaster in 22 cataract patients with high myopia(34 eyes)(group A)and 23 cataract patients with normal AL(39 eyes)(group B)before and after pupil dilation. SRK-T and Haigis were used to caculate pre- and post-cycloplegic IOL power.<p>RESULTS:ACD after dilation(3.84±0.58mm)significantly increased comparing with ACD before dilation(3.61±0.35mm)in group A(<i>P</i><0.01). ACD after dilation(3.30±0.70mm)also significantly increased comparing with ACD before dilation(3.13±0.63mm)in group B(<i>P</i><0.01). But the difference of pre- and post-cycloplegic ACD between the two groups was not statistically significant(<i>P</i>>0.05). Pre- and post-cycloplegic AL and K(including K1 and K2)were not significantly different in two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). The differences between pre- and post-cycloplegic IOL power were not statistically significant using the SRK-T and Haigis formula(<i>P</i>>0.05), but the IOL power changed by over 1D after pupil dilation using the SRK-T and Haigis formula respectively in 15% and 27% of eyes in group A,in 3% and 5% in group B.<p>CONCLUSION:ACD increases after pupil dilation in cataract patients with high myopia, which is not different from cataract patients with normal AL. Pupil dilation does not affect AL, K and the IOL power(using SRK-T and Haigis)in cataract patients with high myopia. But the IOL power may change greater than in cataract patients with normal AL, so we suggest IOL power should be measured and calculated without mydriasis.

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