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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 248-252, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920761

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the correlation between exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAHs ) and placental mitochondrial DNA ( mtDNA ) copy number among pregnant women, so as to provide the evidence for evaluation of potential effects of PAHs exposure during pregnancy on offspring health.@*Methods@#A total of 200 pregnant women delivered at a tertiary hospital in Urumqi City during the period from January to October 2019, and their newborns were recruited, and grouped according to the time of delivery, including the heating group [delivery during the heating period ( from January to April ) ] and the non-heating group [delivery during the non-heating period (from July to October) ]. Subjects'age, ethnicity, educational level and type of home heating were collected, and the total concentration of 16 PAHs was determined in the blood samples of pregnant women and their babies using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Placental DNA was extracted, and placental mtDNA copy number was measured using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR assay. In addition, the correlation between PAHs concentration and placental mtDNA copy number was examined using the Spearman rank correlation analysis.@*Results@#There were 100 subjects in the heating group, which had a median age of 29 ( interquartile range, 3 ) years and had a mean gestational age of ( 275.06±0.72 ) days, and there were 100 subjects in the non-heating group, which had a median age of 29 ( interquartile range, 4 ) years and had a mean gestational age of ( 276.82±0.66 ) days. The total concentration of PAHs in the blood of pregnant women [15.71 (4.30) vs. 12.98 (5.49) μg/L; P<0.05 ], the total concentration of PAHs in neonatal blood [ 14.29 (4.25) vs. 11.24 (5.09) μg/L; P<0.05 ] and the placental mtDNA copy number [4.67 (1.18) vs. 4.51 (0.62); P<0.05] were all higher in the heating group than in the non-heating group. Spearman rank correlation analysis revealed that the total concentration of PAHs in the blood of pregnant women and neonates was positively correlated with placental mtDNA copy number ( rs=0.240, P=0.001; rs=0.273, P<0.001 ), and the total concentration of PAHs in the blood of pregnant women was positively correlated with the placental mtDNA copy number in the heating group ( rs=0.245, P=0.014 ), while the PAHs concentration in the neonatal blood was positively correlated with the placental mtDNA copy number in the non-heating group ( rs=0.292, P=0.003 ).@*Conclusions@#Exposure to PAHs positively correlates with placental mtDNA copy number among pregnant women, and there is a correlation between maternal exposure to PAHs and neonatal oxidative stress.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 464-468, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912906

ABSTRACT

Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is often used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Single conventional MRI can only evaluate the change of tumor size and cannot accurately predict the curative effect of tumors. Functional imaging technology can further supplement the information of curative effect prediction. However, single imaging evaluation has some limitations in the evaluation of tumor efficacy. The combination of functional imaging and biomarkers for the evaluation and prediction of curative effect may provide a new choice for the evaluation model of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. This paper reviews the progress of current status of therapeutic evaluation models for nasopharyngeal carcinoma, functional imaging technology and single or joint evaluation model of biomarkers, so as to provide ideas for the efficacy evaluation model for nasopharyngeal carcinoma which is accurate and easy to be promoted and applied.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the current situation of the mothers and infants at their first visit to the breastfeeding counseling clinic, and provide a reference for promoting breastfeeding in infancy.Methods:Clinical data of 581 mother-infant-dyads visiting the breastfeeding counseling clinic of Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2019 to December 2019 were collected and analyzed retrospectively, including the general information of the dyads, and the subjective and actual reasons for visits. According to the age of infants coming to the clinics, they are divided into the younger group (60 d and below, n=316), middle-aged group (61-120 d, n=178), and older group (121 d and above, n=87). Differences in exclusive breastfeeding rate and reasons for visits between different groups were analyzed by analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test, Chi-square test, or Fisher's exact test. Results:The age of the 581 infants at the first visit were mainly at 30-34, 41-45 and 90-94 d, which accounted for 9.3%( n=54), 25.3%( n=147), and 9.0%( n=52), respectively. The total exclusive breastfeeding rate was 71.8%( n=417) at visit, and there were significant differences among the younger, middle-aged and older group [67.7%(214/316), 79.8%(142/178), 70.1%(61/87), χ 2=14.294, P=0.006), and between the younger and middle-aged group in the pairwise comparison. The most common subjective reason for visiting was slow weight gain ( n=249, 42.9%), followed by worrying about insufficient milk ( n=142, 24.4%) and feeding difficulties ( n=132, 22.7%). Whereas the top three practical reasons for visiting included infant's inability to latch on or sucking ( n=165, 28.4%), lack of breastfeeding knowledge ( n=149, 25.6%) and inappropriate maternal feeding skills ( n=140, 24.1%). The younger group faced more problems regarding latching on or sucking [39.6%(125/316] and mother's feeding skills[25.9%(82/316)], while the lack of breastfeeding knowledge mainly occurred in the older group[48.3%(42/87)]. The coincidence rates between the subjective and actual reasons for slow weight gain, worrying of insufficient milk, and feeding difficulties were only 1.2%( n=3), 6.3%( n=11), and 21.2%( n=28). Conclusions:Breastfeeding- related problems exist in infants of different ages below one year old. There is a big knowledge gap between the subjective reasons for medical visits and the actual problems that interfere with breastfeeding. Therefore, individualized breastfeeding guidance for infants of different ages is recommended in children's health clinics.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907604

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is the treasure of Chinese civilization. It embodies the characteristics and essence of the outstanding culture of China. As the indispensable platform, Chinese medicine museum plays an important role to spread the TCM culture and educate the public. This articl analyzes the difficulties and challenges of propagation and education of TCM in the museum field, explores the effective strategies from four aspects, covering the content construction, interpretation, education activities, and temporary exhibitions. Only in this way, the public education would be promoted effectively in the museum field.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904752

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences in the anti-tumor growth effects of organisms with different injections of CT26 tumor cell RNA loaded into nanoliposomes. Methods The extracted tumor RNA was loaded into nanoliposomes to prepare tumor RNA nanoliposome vaccines, and the related properties of nanoliposome vaccines were investigated. The particle size of nanoliposome vaccines was (120.0±12.1)nm and zeta potential was (3.39±0.56)mV. Tumor RNA nanoliposome vaccines were injected into different parts of the mice to test and analyze the influence of different injections on the growth of colon cancer transplanted tumors in mice. Results Tumor RNA nanoliposome vaccines were used to inject tumor-transplanted mice in different ways. Compared with underarm injection, intraperitoneal injection enhanced the organism's anti-tumor immune response and inhibited the growth of transplanted tumors more effectively. The H&E staining of important organs in mice was compared and no obvious organic lesions were found in the organs. Conclusion Intraperitoneal injections of nanoliposome loaded with tumor RNA can enhance the body's anti-tumor immune response more effectively than underarm injections.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879665

ABSTRACT

Iatrogenic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm caused by invasive procedures is one of the common complications for endovascular interventions. We present a case of a young male with a complex iatrogenic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm as a result of iatrogenic femoral artery puncture. The defective femoral artery was repaired with combined bovine pericardial tube and autologous great saphenous vein grafts. Computed tomography angiography showed the grafts were still patent one year after the surgery.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879140

ABSTRACT

To explore the potential molecular mechanism of Mongolian medicine Bawei Sanxiang San in the treatment of chronic heart failure(CHF) through network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. The active ingredients and potential targets of Bawei Sanxiang San were collected by applying TCMSP, BATMAN databases and literature mining. CHF-related genes were collected through TTD, GeneCards and CTD databases. After the potential common targets between Bawei Sanxiang San and CHF were disco-vered, the interaction network diagram of "compound-target-pathway" was constructed using Cytoscape. The intersecting targets were imported into the DAVID database for GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. Finally, the Autodock_vina software was used to molecularly dock the selected proteins with the active ingredients of Bawei Sanxiang San. The results showed that there were 60 active ingredients in Bawei Sanxiang San that might be used to treat CHF, involving 311 target genes and 7 signaling pathways that directly related to CHF, such as HIF-1 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, calcium signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, renin secretion. Additionally, molecular docking showed that the bioactive compounds had good binding activity with the protein receptors of key target genes. Bawei Sanxiang San might exert therapeutic effects on CHF by regulating cardiomyocytes, angiogenic and inflammation related targets and pathways in a multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway manner.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Heart Failure/genetics , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879073

ABSTRACT

Assessment of the status property(boiling time) is a challenge for the quality control of extraction process in pharmaceutical enterprises. In this study, the pilot extraction process of Phellodendron chinense was used as the research carrier to develop an online near-infrared(NIR) quality control method based on the status property(boiling time). First, the NIR spectra of P. chinense were collected during the two pilot-scale extraction processes, and the status property(boiling time) was assessed by observing the state of bubbles in the extraction tank using a transparent window during the extraction process, which was then used as a reference standard. Based on the moving block standard deviation(MBSD) algorithm, the assessment model using online NIR spectra for boiling time during extraction process was established. In addition, the model was optimized as follows: standard normal variable(SNV) for spectral pretreatment, modeling band of 800-2 200 nm, and window size of 4. The results showed that, with 0.002 0 as the MBSD model threshold, the boiling time can be accurately assessed using online NIR spectra during extraction process. Furthermore, the principal component analysis-moving block standard deviation(PCA-MBSD) model was developed by our group to reduce the influence of online NIR spectral noise and background signal on the model, and the number of principal components was optimized into 2 in the PCA-MBSD model. The results showed that, with 0.000 075 as the PCA-MBSD model threshold, the boiling time can be accurately assessed using online NIR spectra during extraction process, with improved reliability. This study can provide a assessment method for boiling time during extraction process using online NIR spectra, which can replace the empirical judgment in manual observation, and realize the digitalization of the extraction process for big brand traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Principal Component Analysis , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879072

ABSTRACT

The physical properties of powder and granules are the critical quality attributes for the process control of Suhuang Zhike Capsules, a big brand traditional Chinese medicine. This paper took the production of 25 batches of real-world Suhuang Zhike Capsules dry extract powder and granules intermediates as the research object. Firstly, a method for testing the physical properties of Suhuang Zhike Capsules powder and granules with 19 physical indicators was established. The results showed that the granules of dry extract powder after granulation had a smaller particle size, wider particle size distribution range and poor fluidity, which easily caused the problem of over-limit capsule loading. Secondly, correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used for mathematical statistics. The correlation analysis showed that the density of dry extract powder could affect the chroma and fluidity. At the same time, the particle size in the granules had a stronger effect on the chroma and fluidity than the density. The study also found that the particle size and hygroscopicity of dry extract powder were potentially key physical properties that affected the physical properties of granules. Furthermore, the results of principal component analysis and cluster analysis showed that the consistency of the physical properties between the dry extract powder and intermediate granules was relatively poor. To this end, similarity analysis was carried out, and the quality control method of powder and granules based on physical fingerprint was established. The results showed that the physical fingerprint similarity of 25 batches of dry extract powder was 0.639-0.976, and the physical fingerprint similarity of the gra-nules was 0.716-0.983. With the similarity of 0.85 as the threshold, the batches with abnormal physical properties could be identified. In this study, the process quality control method of Suhuang Zhike Capsules based on the physical properties of powder and granules was established finally, which realized the identification of abnormal batches, and provided a reference for the process quality control of Suhuang Zhike Capsules.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Powders , Quality Control
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879071

ABSTRACT

The chemical properties of characteristic components are significant to the manufacturing quality control of big brand traditional Chinese medicine. In this study, the Huangjing Zanyu Capsules were used as the research carrier to determine the content of five characteristic components including icraiin, emodin, schisandrin A, 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside, and osthole simultaneously by high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). The results showed that the chemical properties of five cha-racteristic components had a good linear relationship(r>0.999 9) within the quantitative range; the relative standard deviations(RSD) was 0.11%-2.0% and 0.25%-2.8% respectively for intra-day and inter-day precision; the RSD of repeatability was 1.8%-2.6%; the RSD of stability within 48 hours was 0.19%-2.8%, and the average recovery rate was 95.52%-100.1%, all meeting the requirements of pharmaceutical quantitative analysis. Additionally, the interval estimation method was used to directly reflect the distribution of samples with abnormal chemical properties of characteristic components, and the results showed ten samples were detected beyound the 95% control line of confidence level. Multivariate statistical process control(MSPC) method was used to monitor the abnormal samples of Huangjing Zanyu Capsules collectively, and the results showed that two samples were beyond the 95% control line of Hotelling's T~2 and three samples beyond the 95% control line of squared prediction error(SPE), indicating consistent quality control of Huangjing Zanyu Capsules. In conclusion, the proposed method is not only accurate and efficient but also a compensation for the traditional single-component quality control method, providing a scientific basis for the quality control in manufacturing process of Huangjing Zanyu Capsules. Furthermore, it could also serve as a reference method for the quality control in manufacturing big brand traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879065

ABSTRACT

The spatial distribution uniformity of valuable medicines is the critical quality attribute in the process control of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills. With the real world sample of the mixed end-point powder of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills as the research object, hyperspectral imaging technology was used to collect a total of 32 400 data points with a size of 180 pix×180 pix. Spectral angle matching(SAM), classical least squares and mixed tuned matched filtering(MTMF) were used to identify the spatial distribution of rare medicines. MTMF model showed higher identification accuracy, therefore the spatial distribution of the blended intermediates was identified based on the MTMF model. The histogram method was also used to evaluate the spatial distribution uniformity of rare medicines. The results showed that the standard deviation was 4.78, 6.5, 3.48, 1.96, and 3.00 respectively for artificial bezoar, artificial musk, Borneol, Antelope horn and Buffalo horn; the variance was 22.8, 42.3, 12.1, 3.82, and 9.00, and the skewness was 1.26, 1.71, 0.06,-0.86, and 1.04, respectively. The final results showed that the most even blending was achieved in concentrated powder of Borneol, Antelope horn and Buffalo horn, followed by artificial bezoar, and last artificial musk. A visualization method was established for quality attributes of distribution uniformity in blending process of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills. It could provide evidences of quality control methods in the mixing process of big brand traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Powders , Quality Control
12.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 111-119, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Shenyankangfu Tablet (SYKFT) is a Chinese patent medicine that has been used widely to decrease proteinuria and the progression of chronic kidney disease.@*OBJECTIVE@#This trial compared the efficacy and safety of SYKFT, for the control of proteinuria in primary glomerulonephritis patients, against the standard drug, losartan potassium.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Primary glomerulonephritis patients, aged 18-70 years, with blood pressure ≤ 140/90 mmHg, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 45 mL/min per 1.73 m@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was change in the 24-hour proteinuria level, after 48 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 735 participants were enrolled. The percent decline of urine protein quantification in the SYKFT group after 48 weeks was 8.78% ± 2.56% (P = 0.006) more than that in the losartan 50 mg group, which was 0.51% ± 2.54% (P = 1.000) less than that in the losartan 100 mg group. Compared with the losartan potassium 50 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 50 mg group had a 13.39% ± 2.49% (P < 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein level. Compared with the losartan potassium 100 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 100 mg group had a 9.77% ± 2.52% (P = 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein. With a superiority threshold of 15%, neither was statistically significant. eGFR, serum creatinine and serum albumin from the baseline did not change statistically significant. The average change in TCM syndrome score between the patients who took SYKFT (-3.00 [-6.00, -2.00]) and who did not take SYKFT (-2.00 [-5.00, 0]) was statistically significant (P = 0.003). No obvious adverse reactions were observed in any group.@*CONCLUSION@#SYKFT decreased the proteinuria and improved the TCM syndrome scores of primary glomerulonephritis patients, with no change in the rate of decrease in the eGFR. SYKFT plus losartan potassium therapy decreased proteinuria more than losartan potassium therapy alone.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT02063100 on ClinicalTrials.gov.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1052-1055, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886323

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between drinking behavior and self injury behavior in adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 9 247 students from 4 middle schools were investigated. Drinking behavior and self injury behavior were collected from questionnaire survey. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the relationship between drinking behavior and self injury behavior.@*Results@#Among the 9 247 middle school students, 52.8% reported ever drinking, 24.9% reported drinking behavior in the past 30 days, and 14.6% reported been drunk in the past year. The average age of drinking for the first time was 12.47±3.05. About 47.2% of the participants had self injury behavior. Male with younger drinking age ( OR =1.52), had been drunken ( OR =1.35) and frequent drinking ( OR =1.54) increased the incidence of self injury. Female reported drinking at younger age ( OR =1.69), had been drunk ( OR =1.82) and lived in cities and towns ( OR =1.20) had a higher risk of self injury.@*Conclusion@#Drinking at younger age, heavy and frequent drinking are associated with higher risk of self injury in adolescents in sex specific fashion.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885982

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of thunder-fire moxibustion for hypomenorrhea after induced abortion. Methods: A total of 74 patients with hypomenorrhea after induced abortion were randomized into two groups, with 37 cases in each group. The control group was treated with conventional hormone sequential therapy, and the observation group was treated with thunder-fire moxibustion. The course of treatment was 3 menstrual cycles. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptom scores, menstrual volume, endometrial thickness and the sex hormone levels were observed before and after treatment. The clinical efficacy was compared after treatment. Results: The total effective rate in the observation group and the control group was 91.4% and 73.5%, respectively, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM symptom scores in both groups decreased significantly (all P<0.05), and the scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The menstrual volume, endometrial thickness and each sex hormone level of the patients in both groups were significantly improved after treatment (all P<0.05), and the improvements in the observation group were more significant than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Thunder-fire moxibustion can significantly improve the clinical symptoms of patients with hypomenorrhea after induced abortion; it can increase menstrual volume and endometrial thickness, and regulate the sex hormone levels, producing a better curative effect than the conventional hormone sequential therapy.

15.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 515-525, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Plant-derived cytotoxic transgene expression, such as trichosanthin (tcs), regulated by recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector is a promising cancer gene therapy. However, the cytotoxic transgene can hamper the vector production in the rAAV producer cell line, human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells. Here, we explored microRNA-122 (miR122) and its target sequence to limit the expression of the cytotoxic gene in the rAAV producer cells.@*METHODS@#A miR122 target (122T) sequence was incorporated into the 3' untranslated region of the tcs cDNA sequence. The firefly luciferase (fluc) transgene was used as an appropriate control. Cell line HEK293-mir122 was generated by the lentiviral vector-mediated genome integration of the mir122 gene in parental HEK293 cells. The effects of miR122 overexpression on cell growth, transgene expression, and rAAV production were determined.@*RESULTS@#The presence of 122T sequence significantly reduced transgene expression in the miR122-enriched Huh7 cell line (in vitro), fresh human hepatocytes (ex vivo), and mouse liver (in vivo). Also, the normal liver physiology was unaffected by delivery of 122T sequence by rAAV vectors. Compared with the parental cells, the miR122-overexpressing HEK293-mir122 cell line showed similar cell growth rate and expression of transgene without 122T, as well as the ability to produce liver-targeting rAAV vectors. Fascinatingly, the yield of rAAV vectors carrying the tcs-122T gene was increased by 77.7-fold in HEK293-mir122 cells. Moreover, the tcs-122T-containing rAAV vectors significantly reduced the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells without affecting the normal liver cells.@*CONCLUSION@#HEK293-mir122 cells along with the 122T sequence provide a potential tool to attenuate the cytotoxic transgene expression, such as tcs, during rAAV vector production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dependovirus/genetics , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors/genetics , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Mice , MicroRNAs/genetics , Trichosanthin
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921749

ABSTRACT

Hot melt pressure-sensitive adhesive(HMPSA) has broad application potential in the field of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) plasters due to its high drug loading, weak skin irritation, satisfactory adhesion, etc. compared with rubber plasters.However, the structure of HMPSA is prone to suffer from the damage caused by volatile oils in TCM plasters. In view of this, a kind of HMPSA with a stable structure was prepared by physical blending of DINCH, polypropylene wax and liquid rubber(LIR) in the present study, which is denoted as DPL. The dosage of cinnamon volatile oil(CVO), the model drug, was selected with viscosity, softening point and cohesion as evaluation indexes. The interaction between DPL and HMPSA was investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FT-IR) and differential scanning calorimetry(DSC). The compatibility of HMPSA with CVO and its transdermal ability were studied by in vitro transdermal test, adhesion, scanning electron microscopy( SEM) and rheological evaluation. The results showed that 5% CVO began to damage the structure of HMPSA. The initial adhesion and holding adhesion of DPL-modified HMPSA(DPL-HMPSA) were not significantly changed compared with those of HMPSA, whereas the 180° peel strength was decreased. FI-IR unraveled that DPL formed the n-π conjugated system with styrene-isoprene-styrene block copolymer(SIS), and there was no significant difference in the glass transition temperature according to DSC results, which indicated the good compatibility of DPL with HMPSA. With 5% CVO loaded, the drug content of DPL-HMPSA was 1. 14 times higher than that of HMPSA, and the decrease rate of drug content in DPL-HMPSA was 16% lower than that in HMPSA after 3 months. SEM demonstrated that CVO did not cause obvious structural damage to DPL-HMPSA. Rheological evaluation revealed that the storage modulus and loss factor of DPL-HMPSA were higher than those of HMPSA, and the cohesion was also stronger. The percutaneous penetration rate of cinnamaldehyde in DPL-HMPSA was 2. 25 times that of HMPSA. In conclusion, DPL-HMPSA had more stable structure, better compatibility with CVO, and higher in vitro transdermal efficiency of cinnamaldehyde than before the modification. This study can provide reference for the mitigation of the matrix structure damage caused by volatile oil components in TCM plasters and the enhancement of the content and in vitro transdermal rate of drug.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Administration, Cutaneous , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Oils, Volatile , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921700

ABSTRACT

The anti-inflammatory activity and compatibility ratio of flavonoids in Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle(GR) and Angelicae Sinensis Radix(AS) were evaluated by the superoxide anion scavenging test. The matrix formula of gel was optimized by orthogonal test design and the model of deep partial-thickness scald in mice was induced. The gel was applied to the wound. The tissue water content, wound healing rate, serum TNF-α and IL-1, and EGF and VEGF in tissues were measured at diffe-rent periods. The results revealed that when the compatibility ratio of GR and AS was 1∶2, the maximal scavenging efficacy on supe-roxide anion was observed. The gel displayed the optimal properties when carbomer(1%), glycerol(5%), propylene glycol(10%) were added into the matrix. Gel external application can significantly improve the wound healing rate, relieve tissue edema, diminish tissue water content, alleviate inflammatory reaction, and increase the content of EGF and VEGF in tissues(P<0.05). The gel prepared in the present study is effective in promoting granulation, relieving pain, resisting inflammation, and alleviating edema, and is potent in healing scalds.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Glycyrrhiza , Mice , Rhizome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875669

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the transdermal safety of lanthanum (La) in sunscreen and jellyfish sting protective lotion, establish a microwave digestion-inductively coupled plasma opticalemission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) method for determination of lanthanum (La) in rat’s whole blood. Methods The whole blood samples were digested by microwave and analyzed by inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometer (ICP-OES). Using 333.749 nm as the analysis line, the content of La in rat whole blood was determined. Results The correlation linearity of the standard curve of this method was good (r>0.9994), the detection limit of the method was 0.0025 μg/ml, the limit of quantification was 0.0077 μg/ml, the precision was less than 3%, and the recovery rate was between 94.9% and 102.0%. Conclusion The ICP-OES method based on microwave digestion is stable and reliable, and can provide an important basis for the study of the transdermal safety of lanthanum.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873561

ABSTRACT

Objective We aimed to assess the association between urinary bisphenol A(BPA)concentrations and gestational age in pregnant women. Methods A total of 248 pregnant women were recruited from a maternal and child care hospital in Shanghai. A questionnaire survey was completed to collect socio-demographic information and spot urine samples were collected during pregnancy. Gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(GC-MS/MS)was used to measure BPA concentrations in urine samples. Linear relationship between urinary BPA level and gestational age was assessed by using generalized additive models. Multivariate regression model was used to evaluate associations of prenatal BPA exposure with gestational age. Results BPA was detected in all the urine samples. Median value and geometric mean of urinary BPA levels were 0.85 μg/L and 1.21 μg/L, respectively. Linear relationship between urinary BPA concentration and gestational weeks was confirmed(non-linear P > 0.05). Positive association between urinary BPA level and gestational age was indicated(regression coefficient, β = 0.19;95%CI:0.04-0.35;P = 0.016). However, it was only observed in girls, stratified by sex of newborns(β = 0.18;95%CI:0.03-0.34;P = 0.020). After stratification by trimester, no significant association was found in the second or the third trimesters. Conclusion Pregnant women are extensively exposed to BPA. Urinary BPA exposure during pregnancy may extend gestational age, especially in girls.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799731

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the breakthrough incidence of invasive fungal disease(IFD) and side effects of posaconazole as primary prophylaxis during induction chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia(AML).@*Methods@#A total of 206 newly diagnosed AML patients admitted to our department during January 2016 and December 2018 were enrolled in the study. Exclusive criteria were as followings including patients diagnosed as acute promyelocytic leukemia; those who received intravenous antifungal therapy after admission or had history of IFD one month before induction chemotherapy, or those with functional insufficiency of vital organs and those older than 65. Forty-seven patients received posaconazole (posaconazole group), 61 cases received voriconazole (voriconazole group) and 98 cases did not receive any prophylaxis (control group) during induction chemotherapy. Prophylactic efficacy and safety between posaconazole and voriconazole were compared.@*Results@#During induction chemotherapy, five possible cases of IFD occurred in posaconazole group (10.6%); while 11 cases (18.0%) were in voriconazole group including 7 possible, 3 probable and 1 proven. Thirty-five cases (35.7%) in control group were diagnosed as IFD including 19 possible, 11 probable and 5 proven ones. The incidences of IFD in posaconazole and voriconazole group were significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05). The difference of posaconazole group and voriconazole group was not significant (P>0.05). The reported adverse events in posaconazole group were significantly lower than those in voriconazole group [12.8%(6/47) vs. 32.8%(20/61), P<0.05].@*Conclusions@#Posaconazole and voriconazole decrease IFD as primary prophylaxis during induction chemotherapy in patients with AML. The prophylactic effect of IFD with posaconazole is similar as voriconazole, but posaconazole shows better safety.

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