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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 127-130, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012793

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method for the simultaneous determination of DOX·HCl and LND. Methods HPLC was performed on Agilent 5 HC-C18(2) (4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 µm) column. The mobile phase was methanol-0.1% TFA aqueous solution, and the gradient elution procedure were: 0 to 3 min, 65% methanol; 3 to 7 min, 65%→90% methanol; 7 to 13 min, 90% methanol; 13 to 15 min, 90%→65% methanol; 15 to 20 min, 65% methanol. The collection time was 20 min, the balance time was 3 min, the UV detection wavelengths were 205 nm and 253 nm. The flow rate was 1.0 ml/min and the column temperature was 35℃. The amount of inlet was 10 µl. Results The method was highly specific, and both DOX·HCl and LND exhibited good linearity in the concentration range of 1-40 µg/ml and 6-240 µg/ml, respectively. The two compounds’ precision, stability, and recovery satisfied the requirements of the method. Conclusion This study established a HPLC method that was suitable for the simultaneous detection of DOX·HCl and LND. This method’s high level of specificity, accuracy, and reliability .

2.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 108-113, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012790

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare flumazenil sublingual tablets and study its bioavailability. Methods Flumazenil sublingual tablets were prepared by compressing flumazenil inclusion compound with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin as the inclusion material. In a double-cycle crossover trial, twelve beagle dogs were randomly divided into two groups, one group receiving flumazenil sublingual tablets and the other receiving flumazenil injections. LC-MS method was developed and validated to determine flumazenil plasma concentration. The pharmacokinetic parameters and bioavailability were calculated using WinNonlin pharmacokinetic software. Results In the pharmacokinetic study, AUClast of flumazenil injection and sublingual tablet was (8.41±2.15) and (8.86±2.83) h·ng·ml−1, respectively; Cmax was (10.96±2.62) and (6.36±2.14) ng/ml, respectively; tmax was (0.18±0.05) and (0.58±0.24) h, respectively. The bioavailability of flumazenil sublingual tablet was 52.68%. Conclusion Clathrates were used to prepare flumazenil sublingual tablets to achieve safe and efficient delivery. LC-MS method was established for the determination of flumazenil plasma concentration, and the advantages were simple, accurate and sensitive.

3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 1-5, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005419

ABSTRACT

Sprays have gained significant attention and widespread use due to their numerous advantages, including rapid action, safety, and convenience. They are widely used in various fields such as dermatology, respiratory disease treatment, wound repair, and central nervous system targeted drug delivery. With the in-depth research of new drugs and modern pharmaceutics, the development ideas of sprays are more diverse, and the application scenarios are increasingly extensive. In this review the clinical application status of sprays and the latest research progress were summarized. Then the quality control parameters were briefly introduced,which provided reference for the research and development of sprays.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 55-62, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005234

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the isolation and culture of porcine bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) with α-1, 3-galactosyltransferase (GGTA1) gene knockout (GTKO), GTKO/ human CD46 (hCD46) insertion and cytidine monopho-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase (CMAH)/GGTA1 gene knockout (Neu5GC/Gal), and the protective effect of co-culture with porcine islets on islet cells. Methods Bone marrow was extracted from different transgenic pigs modified with GTKO, GTKO/hCD46 and Neu5GC/Gal. Porcine BMSC were isolated by the whole bone marrow adherent method and then cultured. The morphology of BMSC was observed and the surface markers of BMSC were identified by flow cytometry. Meantime, the multi-directional differentiation induced by BMSC was observed, and the labeling and tracing of BMSC were realized by green fluorescent protein (GFP) transfection. The porcine BMSC transfected with GFP were co-cultured with porcine islet cells. Morphological changes of porcine islet cells were observed, and compared with those in the porcine islet cell alone culture group. Results BMSC derived from pigs were spindle-shaped in vitro, expressing biomarkers of CD29, CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105 and CD166 rather than CD34 and CD45. These cells were able to differentiate into adipocytes, osteoblasts and chondrocytes. Porcine BMSC with GFP transfection could be labeled and traced, which could be stably expressed in the daughter cells after cell division. Porcine BMSC exerted certain protective effect on islet cells. Conclusions GFP-labeled porcine BMSC modified with GTKO, GTKO/hCD46 and Neu5GC/Gal are successfully established, which exert certain protective effect upon islet cells.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4137-4146, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008610

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have shown that high blood glucose-induced chronic microinflammation can cause inflammatory podocyte injury in patients with diabetic kidney disease(DKD). Therein, necroptosis is a new form of podocyte death that is closely associated with renal fibrosis(RF). To explore the effects and mechanisms in vivo of total flavones of Abelmoschus manihot(TFA), an extract from traditional Chinese herbal medicine Abelmoschus manihot for treating kidney diseases, on podocyte necroptosis and RF in DKD, and to further reveal its scientific connotation with multi-pathway and multi-target, the authors randomly divided all rats into four groups: a namely normal group, a model group, a TFA group and a rapamycin(RAP) group. After the modified DKD rat models were successfully established, four group rats were given double-distilled water, TFA suspension and RAP suspension, respectively by gavage every day. At the end of the 4th week of drug treatment, all rats were sacrificed, and the samples of their urine, blood and kidneys were collected. And then, the various indicators related to podocyte necroptosis and RF in the DKD model rats were observed, detected and analyzed, respectively. The results indicated that, general condition, body weight(BW), serum creatinine(Scr), urinary albumin(UAlb), and kidney hypertrophy index(KHI) in these modified DKD model rats were both improved by TFA and RAP. Indicators of RF, including glomerular histomorphological characteristics, fibronectin(FN) and collagen type Ⅰ(collagen Ⅰ) staining extent in glomeruli, as well as the protein expression levels of FN, collagen Ⅰ, transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1) and Smad2/3 in the kidneys were improved respectively by TFA and RAP. Podocyte damage, including foot process form and the protein expression levels of podocin and CD2AP in the kidneys was improved by TFA and RAP. In addition, tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)-mediated podocyte necroptosis in the kidneys, including the morphological characteristics of podocyte necroptosis, the extent and levels of the protein expression of TNF-α and phosphorylated mixed lineage kinase domain like pseudokinase(p-MLKL) was improved respectively by TFA and RAP. Among them, RAP had the better effect on p-MLKL. More importantly, the activation of the receptor interacting serine/threonine protein kinase 1(RIPK1)/RIPK3/MLKL signaling axis in the kidneys, including the expression levels of its key signaling molecules, such as phosphorylated receptor interacting serine/threonine protein kinase 1(p-RIPK1), p-RIPK3, p-MLKL and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-8(caspase-8) was improved respectively by TFA and RAP. Among them, the effect of TFA on p-RIPK1 was superior. On the whole, in this study, the authors demonstrated that TFA alleviates podocyte necroptosis and RF in DKD through inhibiting the activation of the TNF-α-mediated RIPK1/RIPK3/MLKL signaling axis in diabetic kidneys. The authors' findings provide new pharmacological evidence to reveal the scientific connotation of TFA in treating RF in DKD in more depth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Animals , Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy , Abelmoschus , Flavones/pharmacology , Podocytes , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Necroptosis , Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Fibrosis , Threonine/pharmacology , Collagen/metabolism , Serine/pharmacology , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2882-2889, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999041

ABSTRACT

To identify the bitter compounds of real-world Xiaoer Ganmao Oral Liquid sugar-free intermediates, an integrated strategy has been developed by using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MSn) method and BitterX database prediction. The chromatographic operating conditions were as follows, chromatographic column: Acquity UPLC BEH C18 (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.7 μm), mobile phase: 0.1% formic acid-water solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) with gradient elution. The data were collected in positive and negative ion modes, respectively. The accurate molecular mass and structural information of the target compounds were obtained based on quasi-molecular ions and fragmentation ions provided by high-resolution mass spectrometry. The compounds were identified by combining retention time, reference substances, reports, and other relevant data, and a total of 57 constituents including flavonoids, alkaloids, and phenylpropanoids were finally identified. Further, the BitterX database was used to predict binding probability of compounds to bitter receptors and identify potential bitter critical quality attributes, finally 33 potential bitter compounds, including kukoamine A and linarin, were predicted. This study comprehensively characterized the material basis of Xiaoer Ganmao Oral Liquid sugar-free intermediates, it provides an effective method for bitter compound screening and a reference for further improving the undesirable taste of Xiaoer Ganmao Oral Liquid.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2875-2881, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999034

ABSTRACT

This study primarily concentrated on scientific problems of poor taste caused by unclear critical quality attributes of oral preparations manufactured by Chinese materia medica, successfully established an identification method for taste critical quality attribute and a taste improvement method combining electronic tongue with human senses, and determined the optimal taste formula, to improve patients' oral medication compliance. The study received ethical approval from the Review Committee of the Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. The results showed that the proportion of bitterness of Xiaoer Qingrening Granule was 61.8%, and its bitterness grade was 3.70, it was determined that bitterness is the critical quality attribute that caused the poor taste of Xiaoer Qingrening Granule. Additionally, the optimal taste formula per milliliter of Xiaoer Qingrening sugar-free intermediate was determined with allowable daily intake, solubility, and sweetness as the limiting conditions, which was 40 mg hydroxypropyl β-cyclodextrin, 180 mg trehalose, and 1.5 mg acesulfame potassium. Compared with the Xiaoer Qingrening Granule, the sensory evaluation score of the optimal taste formula was increased by 37.5 points. In conclusion, this study achieved the taste improvement of Xiaoer Qingrening Granule and formed a set of taste improvement strategies including the identification of taste critical quality attribute, the selection of the type and dosage of corrigent, and the optimization of taste formula, which provided a thought reference for the taste improvement of other oral preparations and a new perspective for quality control of intelligent manufacturing of traditional Chinese medicines.

8.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 893-898, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998196

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the prevalence of overweight, obesity and fatty liver disease (FLD) in adult residents in a suburban area of Shanghai, and to explore the relationship between these conditions and eating out of home (EOH). MethodsAdult residents from Zhongshan Street, Songjiang, Shanghai, were invited to report their frequency of EOH and undergo a physical examination using B-ultrasonography from May to September 2017. Binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between EOH and conditions of overweight, obesity, and FLD. ResultsAmong the final sample size of 6 608 participants, the prevalence rates of overweight, obesity, and FLD were 41.65%, 14.71% and 38.29%, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounders, logistic analyses revealed that participants with an EOH frequency > once/week had a 1.44-fold higher prevalence of obesity (P=0.006), a 1.35-fold higher prevalence of overweight/obesity (P=0.005), and a 1.36-fold higher prevalence of FLD (P=0.008). ConclusionThe prevalence of overweight, obesity, and FLD is relatively high in Songjiang, Shanghai. EOH may be a risk factor for these diseases, and residents are recommended to reduce the frequency of EOH.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 446-455, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994998

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) would improve peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritoneal fibrosis by alleviating oxidative stress through activating nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) pathway.Methods:Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups by the random number table: control (CON) group (0.9% normal saline 20 ml/d intraperitoneal injection), CAPE group (0.9% normal saline 20 ml/d+CAPE 10 mg·kg -1·d -1 intraperitoneal injection), PD group [4.25% glucose peritoneal dialysis fluid (PDF) 20 ml/d intraperitoneal injection with lipopolysaccharide 0.6 mg/kg intraperitoneal injection at day 1, 3, 5 and 7], and PD+CAPE group (CAPE 10 mg·kg -1·d -1 intraperitoneal injection in addition to PD group), with 8 rats per group. On day 28, rats were euthanized after peritoneal equilibration test, and then the parietal peritoneum and omentum were collected for follow-up tests. To further investigate the mechanism, primary peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) of rats were isolated and cultured. The PMCs were stimulated with 2.5% glucose PDF and added with 5 μmol/L CAPE intervention. The Nrf2 inhibitor (ML385) was used to identify whether CAPE protected PMCs from PDF by activating the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. Histopathological staining was used to detect structural changes of the peritoneum, and immunohistochemical analysis was performed on cleaved caspase-3, Bax, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), fibronectin (FN), and typeⅠ collagen (Col-Ⅰ) protein. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of α-SMA, FN, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), HO-1 and nuclear Nrf2 (N-Nrf2). The apoptosis detection kit was used to detect apoptosis and flow cytometry was used to detect reactive oxygen species (ROS) in PMCs. The malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity detection kit were used to detect MDA content and SOD activity. Cell immunofluorescence was used to analyze the protein expression of Nrf2 in PMCs. Results:Compared with the CON group, the PD group had thicker peritoneum, and the expression levels of cleaved caspase-3, Bax, α-SMA, FN, Col-Ⅰand MDA in peritoneum were significantly higher, while HO-1, N-Nrf2 protein expression and SOD activity were lower (all P<0.05). Compared with the PD group, the parietal peritoneum morphology of CAPE+PD group was improved, accompanied by reduced cleaved caspase-3, Bax, α-SMA, FN, Col-Ⅰ protein expression, and MDA content, while N-Nrf2, HO-1 protein expression, and SOD activity were higher (all P<0.05). Compared with the CON group, the PD group had significantly lower ultrafiltration volume and higher peritoneal permeability (both P<0.05). After CAPE intervention, the peritoneal transport function of the rats was significantly improved ( P<0.05). In cultured PMCs, PDF inhibited nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and protein expression of HO-1, and upregulated intracellular ROS level. In addition, PDF increased cell apoptosis and the protein expression levels of α-SMA, TGF-β1 and FN (all P<0.05). CAPE activated nuclear translocation of Nrf2, increased HO-1 protein expression, downregulated intracellular ROS level, and partially reversed PDF-induced cell apoptosis and epithelial- mesenchymal transition (all P<0.05). The protective effects of CAPE on PMCs were partially abolished by ML385 (all P<0.05). Conclusions:CAPE can reduce PD-induced PMCs apoptosis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition by attenuating oxidative stress, and significantly improve peritoneal fibrosis and ultrafiltration function. The beneficial effects of CAPE on peritoneum are related to activation of Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 182-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993791

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and related influencing factors of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(auto-HSCT)as first-line consolidation therapy for newly diagnosed elderly patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma(DLBCL).Methods:Retrospective study of clinical characteristics, therapeutic effect, and prognostic factors of newly diagnosed DLBCL elderly patients with an International Prognostic Index(IPI)score≥3 who underwent auto-HSCT in the Affiliated People's Hospital of Ningbo University from January 2015 to August 2020.Results:Among the 31 patients, 18 were males and 13 were females, with a median age of 65(60-75)years.The 13 cases(41.9%)were involved in 2 sites outside lymph nodes, and 13 cases(41.9%)were involved in bone marrow.IPI medium and high risk(IPI=3 points)was found in 21 cases(67.7%), high risk(≥4 points)in 10 cases(32.2%). Before transplantation, 21(67.7%)patients achieved complete remission(CR), and the other 10(32.3%)patients were in the partial remission(PR). All patients after transplantation achieved hematopoietic reconstitution.The median time for neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 10(9-16)days and 12(8-58)days respectively.During a median follow-up of 20.9(3.1 to 73.0)months after transplantation, transplant-related mortality within 100 days was 3.2%(1/31). The 2-year overall survival(OS)and progression-free survival(PFS)were(77.2±8.4)% and(72.7±8.3)%, respectively.Multivariate Cox analysis showed that the achieved partial remission status before auto-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation[OS( HR=30.064, 95% CI: 2.231-405.209, P=0.010), PFS( HR=9.165, 95% CI: 1.926-43.606, P=0.005)], and CD34 + cell count in graft <3×10 6/kg[OS( HR=12.004, 95% CI: 1.234-116.807, P=0.032), PFS( HR=6.115, 95% CI: 1.325-28.221, P=0.020)]were the independent poor prognostic factor affecting both OS and PFS in elderly lymphoma patients. Conclusions:Auto-HSCT may improve the survival rate of carefully selected elderly patients with DLBCL.Pretransplant disease status and the number of CD34 + cells in the graft are important factors to predict the efficiency of auto-HSCT of the patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 269-275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993084

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of 3D ResSE-Unet-based intelligent delineation of clinical target volume (CTV) in postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy for breast cancer.Methods:A total of 974 cases of breast cancer treated in the Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment Center of the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from September 2018 to June 2022 were enrolled in this study, including 614 cases receiving total mastectomy and 360 cases treated with breast-conserving surgery. They were divided into a training set, a validation set, and a testing set. The training set consisted of 874 cases and was used to build a model of 3D ResSE-Unet-based intelligent CTV delineation. The validation set comprised 40 cases and was used to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of the clinical application of AI-based CTV design in the radiotherapy for breast cancer. The testing set was composed of 60 cases and was used to test the accuracy of intelligent CTV. The Wilcoxon rank test was used to compare the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC), 95% Hausdorff distance (HD95), and average surface distance (ASD) obtained using the intelligent delineation model.Results:The intelligent delineation model showed high precision. The CTV of cases treated with total mastectomy (CTV cw) and the CTV of cases treated with breast-conserving surgery (CTV b) had DSCs greater than 0.80 and greater than 0.88, respectively. Therefore, compared with CTV cw, CTV b had a higher DSC (0.91 ± 0.03 vs.0.83 ± 0.05, t = 7.11, P < 0.05). Both CTV cw and CTV b had lower HD 95 [(7.56 ± 3.42) mm vs.(8.77 ± 5.89) mm] and ASD [(1.85 ± 0.71) mm vs.(1.86 ± 0.83)mm], without statistically significant difference ( P > 0.05). The left/right supraclavicular and infraclavicular CTV (CTV2) had DSCs greater than 0.8. CTV2 also had low average HD95 and ASD, without statistically significant difference ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:The 3D ResSE-Unet-based intelligent CTV delineation has better consistency and feasibility in postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy for breast cancer, especially the CTVs after breast-conserving surgery.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 813-818, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991416

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the elements of post competency of public health professionals and technical personnel, and construct a post competency index system of public health professionals and technical personnel.Methods:Referring to the Hay Group Competency Dictionary and literature review method, the post competency information elements of public health professional and technical personnel were constructed, and were revised through the expert consultation method. Unit-level stratified sampling was used, and 120 public health professionals were invited to evaluate the importance of the elements. SPSS 26.0 was used for data analysis, the continuous data were expressed in ( x ± s) mode, and Pearson was used to study the degree of correlation of each dimension. Finally, the post competency index system for public health positions was constructed by using the factor analysis method to extract the common factor as the first-level index. Results:The index system contained 7 first-level indicators (43 items), including public health practice skills, clinical practice skills, professional basic subject knowledge, personal professional accomplishment, public health authority and management ability, public health leadership, and public health methodology knowledge. Its weight coefficients (%) were 20.03, 17.48, 15.89, 15.68, 13.98, 12.82 and 4.11, respectively. The elements with the highest materiality scores were personal protection, responsibility and professionalism.Conclusion:Personal protection and other public health practical skills and personal professional qualities such as sense of responsibility and professionalism are the core elements of public health positions, and it is recommended to strengthen the training of public health professionals' public health practical skills in actual work, and pay attention to the cultivation of personal professional qualities, so as to establish a better team of public health talents.

13.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 262-275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991141

ABSTRACT

The development of chemoresistance which results in a poor prognosis often renders current treatments for colorectal cancer(CRC).In this study,we identified reduced microvessel density(MVD)and vascular immaturity resulting from endothelial apoptosis as therapeutic targets for overcoming chemoresistance.We focused on the effect of metformin on MVD,vascular maturity,and endothelial apoptosis of CRCs with a non-angiogenic phenotype,and further investigated its effect in overcoming chemoresistance.In situ transplanted cancer models were established to compare MVD,endothelial apoptosis and vascular maturity,and function in tumors from metformin-and vehicle-treated mice.An in vitro co-culture system was used to observe the effects of metformin on tumor cell-induced endothelial apoptosis.Transcriptome sequencing was performed for genetic screening.Non-angiogenic CRC developed inde-pendently of angiogenesis and was characterized by vascular leakage,immaturity,reduced MVD,and non-hypoxia.This phenomenon had also been observed in human CRC.Furthermore,non-angiogenic CRCs showed a worse response to chemotherapeutic drugs in vivo than in vitro.By suppressing endo-thelial apoptosis,metformin sensitized non-angiogenic CRCs to chemo-drugs via elevation of MVD and improvement of vascular maturity.Further results showed that endothelial apoptosis was induced by tumor cells via activation of caspase signaling,which was abrogated by metformin administration.These findings provide pre-clinical evidence for the involvement of endothelial apoptosis and subsequent vascular immaturity in the chemoresistance of non-angiogenic CRC.By suppressing endothelial apoptosis,metformin restores vascular maturity and function and sensitizes CRC to chemotherapeutic drugs via a vascular mechanism.

14.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 14-17, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953752

ABSTRACT

Reactive oxygen species(ROS) responsive liposomes are prepared based on the high level of ROS expression in the tumor microenvironment, enabling precise drug delivery to the tumor site. With the addition of photosensitizer, the controllability of drugs in liposomes can be further enhanced.

15.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 689-694, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015175

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the potential mechanism of electroacupuncture regulating the erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular receptor B2/erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular receptor-interacting B2/big mitogen-activated protein kinase 1(EphB2/EphrinB2/BMK1) signaling pathway to improve neural damage in vascular dementia rats. Methods Eighty SD male adult rats were randomly divided into a sham surgery group, a model group, a non acupoint electroacupuncture group, a nimodipine group, and an electroacupuncture three needle group. The vascular dementia rat model was made by the modified Pulsinelli four vessel occlusion method. After grouping, the rats in each group were subjected to water maze test, HE staining, Nissl staining, and transmission electron microscopy(TEM) to observe the pathological changes in the hippocampal CA1 area, and the expression of EphB2 and BMK1 in the hippocampal CA1 area was detected by immunohistochemistry; Detection of EphB2 and BMK1 protein expression in rat hippocampal CA1 region was detected by Western blotting. Results Compared with the model group, the escape latency of vascular dementia rats treated with electroacupuncture and nimodipine decreased (P0.05). Compared with the nimodipine group, the expression of EphB2 and BMK1 in the hippocampal CA1 region of rats in the electroacupuncture Zhisanzhen group significantly increased (P<0.05). Conclusion Electroacupuncture may improve the damage of hippocampal neurons in vascular dementia rats by increasing the expression of EphB2 and BMK1 in the CA1 region of the hippocampus, thereby improving the learning and memory of vascular dementia rats.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2331-2338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013668

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role of autophagy regulated by the AMPK/mTOR pathway in the prevention of oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion injury ( OGD/R) in astrocytes using oxymatrine ( OMT ) . Methods The isolated and purified astrocytes ( AS) were randomly divided into control group ( CON group), OGD/R group and OGD/R + OMT group (0. 1, 0. 2, 0. 4 mmol · L

17.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 273-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973683

ABSTRACT

Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is a neurotoxin found in puffer fish and other marine organisms. It has been used as an inhibitor of voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs), which could selectively bind to the α-subunit on the outer vestibule of VGSCs, preventing sodium ions from entering the channel, resulting in pharmacological activities. As a typical sodium channel blocker, TTX shows a significant analgesic effect. TTX could selectively block Na+ channels without affecting other ion channels, therefore it could reduce the probability of adverse reactions caused by commonly used antiarrhythmic drugs. In addition, TTX has a significant role in detoxification and prevention of renal failure, so TTX has great potential as a medicine. The structure and physicochemical properties, mechanism of action, pharmacological activities and preparations of tetrodotoxin have been reviewed in this paper, so as to provide a general support for the evaluation of its druggability and application in the field of pharmacy.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1071-1075, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972949

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To optimize the extraction process of Sarcandra glabra. METHODS The contents of rosmarinic acid and isofraxidin in S. glabra were determined by HPLC; ultrasonic time, ultrasonic temperature, solid-liquid ratio (mL/g) and methanol volume fraction were investigated by single factor test. Based on the results of single factor test, experimental scheme was designed by Box-Behnken response surface method, and the entropy weight method was used to assign the weight of each index and calculate the comprehensive score. Taking the comprehensive score as the evaluation index, the extraction process of S. glabra was optimized, and then optimized extraction process was verified. RESULTS The optimal extraction technology of S. glabra included ultrasonic time of 40 min, ultrasonic temperature of 45 ℃, liquid-solid ratio of 50∶1, methanol volume fraction of 70%. The results of 3 times of verification experiment showed that average comprehensive score was 0.988 6, and the RSD was 0.50%. The deviation between the actual value and the predicted value (0.985 1) of each comprehensive score was within ±1%. CONCLUSIONS The optimized extraction method is stable, feasible and repeatable, which can provide reference for extraction of S. glabra.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 45-49, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical significance of translocator proteins (TSPO) gene in the treatment of FLT3-ITD/DNMT3A R882 double-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Seventy-six patients with AML hospitalized in the Department of Hematology of the Affiliated People's Hospital of Ningbo University from June 2018 to June 2020 were selected, including 34 patients with FLT3-ITD mutation, 27 patients with DNMT3A R882 mutation, 15 patients with FLT3-ITD/DNMT3A R882 double mutation, as well as 19 patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) hospitalized during the same period as control group. RNA was routinely extracted from 3 ml bone marrow retained during bone puncture, and TSPO gene expression was detected by transcriptome sequencing (using 2-deltadeltaCt calculation).@*RESULTS@#The expression of TSPO gene in FLT3-ITD group and DNMT3A R882 group at first diagnosis was 2.02±1.04 and 1.85±0.76, respectively, which were both higher than 1.00±0.06 in control group, but the differences were not statistically significant (P=0.671, P=0.821). The expression of TSPO gene in the FLT3-ITD/DNMT3A R882 group was 3.98±1.07, wich was significantly higher than that in the FLT3-ITD group and DNMT3A R882 group, the differences were statistically significant (P=0.032, P=0.021). The expression of TSPO gene in patients who achieved complete response after chemotherapy in the FLT3-ITD/DNMT3A R882 group was 1.19±0.87, which was significantly lower than that at first diagnosis, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.011).@*CONCLUSION@#TSPO gene may be used as an indicator of efficacy in FLT3-ITD /DNMT3A R882 double-mutated AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases/genetics , DNA Methyltransferase 3A , Mutation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics , Receptors, GABA/therapeutic use
20.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 695-699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006330

ABSTRACT

With social development and technology progress, there is an increasing use of daily electronic products and radioactive medical devices, which increases the risk of exposure to radiation in medical practices, daily life activities, and work. Notably, the effects of radiation exposure on pregnant women and their offspring have attracted increasing attention. Comprehensive and accurate assessment and intervention of the effects of radiation exposure on pregnant women and their offspring are of great significance to reduce birth defects and achieve eugenics. This article reviews the effects of radiation exposure during pregnancy on offspring health based on animal experiments and clinical studies, and describes the possible mechanisms, so as to provide the basis for further studies.

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