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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896173

ABSTRACT

The present study reports a rare case of Taenia saginata infection, which was initially diagnosed as acute cholecystitis in a Tibetan patient at the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau pastoral area, China. A 45-year-old female was initially diagnosed with acute cholecystitis at a hospital in China. She had a slight fever, weight loss and constipation and complained of pain in the upper abdomen and left back areas. Increase of monocyte, eosinophil and basophil levels were shown. Taenia sp. eggs were detected in a fecal examination. An adult tapeworm approximately 146 cm in length, whitish-yellow color, was collected from the patient after treatment with traditional Chinese medicine. The adult tapeworm had a scolex and proglottids with genital pores. The scolex was rectangular shape with 4 suckers and rostellum without hooklet. The cox1 gene sequence shared 99.5-99.8% homology with that of T. saginata from other regions in China. The patient was diagnosed finally infected with T. saginata by morphological and molecular charateristics.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903877

ABSTRACT

The present study reports a rare case of Taenia saginata infection, which was initially diagnosed as acute cholecystitis in a Tibetan patient at the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau pastoral area, China. A 45-year-old female was initially diagnosed with acute cholecystitis at a hospital in China. She had a slight fever, weight loss and constipation and complained of pain in the upper abdomen and left back areas. Increase of monocyte, eosinophil and basophil levels were shown. Taenia sp. eggs were detected in a fecal examination. An adult tapeworm approximately 146 cm in length, whitish-yellow color, was collected from the patient after treatment with traditional Chinese medicine. The adult tapeworm had a scolex and proglottids with genital pores. The scolex was rectangular shape with 4 suckers and rostellum without hooklet. The cox1 gene sequence shared 99.5-99.8% homology with that of T. saginata from other regions in China. The patient was diagnosed finally infected with T. saginata by morphological and molecular charateristics.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the change of cervical curvature and range of motion (ROM) on imaging at 6 months after Hybrid surgery.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 patients with cervical degenerative disease who underwent Hybrid surgery from January 2017 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Also, they all met the inclusion criteria and had complete preoperative and 6 months postoperative imaging data. There were 11 males and 18 females, aged from 34 to 76 (55.86±10.69) years, and the operation time was from 2 to 4(3.03±0.51) hours. The Cobb angle method was used to measure the changes of cervical curvature and ROM of C@*RESULTS@#There was no statistically significant difference in C@*CONCLUSION@#Hybrid surgery reconstructs the lordotic curvature of the entire cervical spine and the responsible segment, retains the ROM of the cervical replacement segment, and restores the biomechanical function of cervical spine.


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Female , Humans , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886756

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a multiplex nucleic acid assay for rapid detection of Echinococcus multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus based on the recombinase-aided isothermal amplification assay (RAA) and to preliminarily assess its diagnostic efficiency. Methods The mitochondrial genomic sequences of E. multilocularis (GenBank accession number: NC_000928), E. granulosus (GenBank accession number: NC_044548) and E. shiquicus (GenBank accession number: NC_009460) were used as target sequences, and three pairs of primers were designed based on the RAA primer design principle and synthesized for the subsequent multiple RAA amplification. The genomic DNA of E. multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus at different concentrations and the recombinant plasmids containing the target gene at various concentrations were amplified to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity of the multiplex RAA assay, and the genomic DNA of E. multilocularis, E. granulosus, E. shiquicus, Taenia multiceps, T. saginata, T. asiatica, Dipylidium caninum, T. hydatigena, Toxocara canis, Fasciola hepatica, T. pisiformis, Mesocestoides lineatus and Cryptosporidiumn canis was detected using the multiplex RAA assay to evaluate its specificity. In addition, the reaction condition of the multiplex RAA assay was optimized, and was then employed to detect the tissues with echinococcosis lesions, simulated canine fecal samples and field captured fox fecal samples to examine its application values. Results The multiplex RAA assay was effective to specifically amplify the mitochondrial gene fragments of E. multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus within 40 min at 39 °C, with sequence lengths of 540, 430 bp and 200 bp, respectively. This multiplex RAA assay showed the minimum detection limits of 2.0, 2.5 pg/μL and 3.1 pg/μL for detection of the genomic DNA of E. multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus, and presented the minimum detection limit of 200 copies/μL for detection of the recombinant plasmids containing E. multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus target genes. This multiplex RAA assay was effective to simultaneously detect single and multiple infections with E. multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus, but failed to amplify the genomic DNA of T. multiceps, T. saginata, T. asiatica, D. caninum, T. hydatigena, T. canis, F. hepatica, T. pisiformis, M. lineatus and C. canis. In addition, the optimized multiplex RAA assay was effective to detect all positive samples from the tissue samples with echinococcosis lesions, simulated canine fecal samples and field captured fox fecal samples, which was fully consistent with the detection of the single PCR assay. Conclusion A sensitive and specific multiplex nucleic acid assay for rapid detection of E. multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus has been successfully established.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of anterior cervical Hybrid surgery in the treatment of cervical degenerative diseases (CDD) and observe the incidence of heterotopic ossification of disc replacement segment at 1 year after surgery.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to April 2018, 35 patients who received anterior cervical hybrid surgery met the inclusion and exclusion criteria and the complete clinical follow up data were analyzed retrospectively. Complete imaging follow-up data were obtained from 24 patients. There were 15 males and 20 females, aged from 39 to 70(55.57±7.73) years old. The amount of bleeding was for 20 to 100 (40.29±18.39) ml, and the hospitalstay was for 4 to 28(11.03±4.63) days, and the follow-up time was(12.97±1.36) months. Clinical outcomes were assessed by the Tanaka Yasushi cervical spondylitis symptom scale 20 score (YT20), and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score. The occurrence of heterotopic ossification after Hybrid surgery was evaluated by X-ray according to McAfee standard one year after operation. Patients with or without heterotopic ossificationwere divided into two groups and their clinical effects were compared.@*RESULTS@#At the final follow up, the mean YT20 score and JOA score were significantly higher than those before operation (P <0.05), and the average improvement rate of JOA was (70.66 ±0.44)%. One year after operation, the heterotopic ossification occurred in 10 of 24 segments, with incidence of 41.70%(10/24), including 29.20% in gradeⅠand 12.50% in gradeⅡ. The results of clinical efficacy comparison between patients with and without heterotopic ossification were as follows:there was no significant difference in JOA score before and after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#The short-term clinical effect of Hybrid surgery is satisfactory for cervical degenerative diseases, and the cause of heterotopic ossification still needs tobe further explored.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Total Disc Replacement , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816215

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between serum leptin,resistin and adiponectin levels and preeclampsia.METHODS: The study was a case-control study.All enrolled pregnant women were selected from January2013 to June 2015 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital,Peking Union Medical College Peking Union Medical College Hospital.In the case group,74 patients were further divided into early-onset and late-onset subgroups(51 cases and 23 cases respectively).The control group enrolled 79 uncomplicated pregnant women who delivered full-term babies during the study period.Three adipokines were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS: Leptin level8.98)μg/L,P<0.001).Positive correlation between leptin level and BMI was observed in normotensive pregnancies(r=0.651,P<0.001),but the correlation disappeared in preeclampsia patients.The serum resistin level in the case group was significantly higher than that in the control group(14.08±6.10)vs.(9.99±8.33)μg/L,P<0.001),and there was no correlation between serum resistin level and BMI.There was no significant difference in adiponectin level between the case group and the control group.CONCLUSION: Serum resistin and leptin in preeclampsia population are significantly higher than those in normotensive pregnancies,and the underlying mechanism of their elevation needs to be further investigated.The correlation between adiponectin and preeclampsia is not clear.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761755

ABSTRACT

Coenurosis is an important zoonotic helminthic disease caused by the larval stage of the tapeworm Taenia multiceps. This parasite typically infects the brain of the intermediate hosts, including sheep, goat, cattle and even humans. We report a case of T. multiceps infection in a yak confirmed by clinical symptoms, morphological characteristics, and molecular and phylogenetic analyses. The coenurus was thin-walled, whitish, and spherical in shape with a diameter of 10 cm. The parasite species was identified as T. multiceps by PCR amplification and sequencing of the 18S rRNA, cox1 and nad1 genes. Three gene sequences all showed high homology (all above 97%) with the reference sequences from different hosts. Moreover, phylogenetic reconstructions with the 3 published Taenia gene sequences confirmed that the Qinghai yak isolate was closely related to T. multiceps. Although there are advanced diagnosis and treatment methods for coenurosis, early infection is difficult to diagnose. Importantly, the findings of yak infection case should not be ignored due to its zoonotic potential.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Cattle , Cestoda , China , Diagnosis , Goats , Helminths , Humans , Parasites , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sheep , Taenia
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259793

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical effect between spinal card decompression combined with traditional Chinese medicine and simple spinal card decompression for cervical spondylotic myelopathy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2012 to June 2015, 73 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy were treated, including 42 males and 31 females, aged from 29 to 73 years old with a mean of 50.9 years old. The patients were divided into the simple operation group (34 cases) and the operation combined with traditional Chinese medicine group(39 cases) according to the idea of themselves. The anterior discectomy or subtotal corpectomy with internal fixation or posterior simple open-door decompression with lateral mass screw fixation were performed in the patients. Among them, 39 cases were treated with traditional Chinese medicine after surgery. The Japanese orthopedic association (JOA) score of spinal cord function, the improvement rate of neural function, the neck dysfunction index (NDI) score and the governor vessel stasis syndrome score were compared between two groups preoperative and postoperative 1 week, 1 month and the final follow-up respectively. The internal fixation and the condition of spinal cord decompression were observed by CT, MRI and X-rays before and after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the operations were successful, no injuries such as dura mater, spinal cord and nerve root were found. All the wounds were healed without infection except one patient had a superficial infection. It was solved after intermittent debridement and anti-infective therapy. Hematoma occurred in 1 case, complicated with spinal cord compression, caused incomplete paralysis, and promptly performed the re-operation to remove the hematoma without any obvious sequelae. All the patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months, (14.6±0.8) months for simple operation group and (13.5±0.7) months for operation combined with traditional Chinese medicine group, and there was no significant difference(>0.05). The scores of JOA, NDI and the governor's vessel stasis syndrome in simple operation group were 8.31±3.15, 29.91±4.52, 6.58±1.31 before operation, and 10.21±2.58, 18.67±4.31, 8.24±1.18 one week after operation, and 11.38±2.85, 16.11±3.18, 8.91±2.11 one month after operation, and 12.21±3.12, 14.61±3.28, 9.12±1.56 at final follow-up, respectively; and in operation combined with traditional Chinese medicine group were 8.29±3.47, 30.83±4.14, 6.38±1.81before operation, and 10.48±2.39, 17.59±5.14, 8.33±1.57 one week after operation, and 12.14±3.12, 13.14±3.21, 9.55±2.49 one month after operation, and 13.85±3.34, 12.11±2.51, 10.33±1.95 at final follow-up, respectively. Postoperative JOA , NDI, and the governor vessel stasis syndrome score of two groups were significantly higher than preoperativee(<0.05). There was no significant difference in JOA, NDI, and the governor vessel stasis syndrome score between two groups one week after operation (>0.05). The above items in operation combined with traditional Chinese medicine group was better than that of simple operation group one month and final follow-up after operation (<0.05). The improvement rate of neural function in simple operation group was (67.59±10.78)%, and in operation combined traditional Chinese medicine group was (66.88±12.15)%, there was no significant difference between two groups(>0.05). There were no complications such as internal fixation failure or re-dislocation of atlas by postoperative CT, MRI and X-rays examination.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Spinal card decompression for the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy can extend the spinal canal, relieve the compression of nerve, achieve the deoppilation of governor vessel, the regulation of qi and blood, the restore of Yangqi, combined with traditional Chinese medicine of activating blood removing stasis, warming yang and activating meridians, reinforcing liver benefiting kidney, which may obtain better clinical effect.</p>

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259787

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect and underlying mechanism of decompression(DE)combined with Governor Vessel(GV)electro-acupuncture(EA) on rats with acute severe upper cervical spinal cord compression injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty SPF rats were randomly divided into 5 groups(control group A, B and experiment group C, D, E), 6 rats in each group. The model of acute severe upper cervical spinal cord compression injury were made by forcing a balloon catheter put in atlas pillow clearance. The group A was blank one, the group B put balloon catheter in atlas pillow clearance without forcing, and the group C, D, E sustained compressed for 48 h. The group C received electric acupuncture intervention, selecting the Baihui and Dazhui point, having the continuous wave and frequency of 2 Hz, with the treatment time of 15 min and continuous treatment for 14 d; the group D received methylprednisolone intervention, injected by caudal vein; the group E did not received any intervention again. The arterial blood and injured spinal cord tissue of all the rats were obtained after 14 days' treatment, and BBB score was used to evaluate the change of each group hind limbs motor function, the contents of platelet activating factor(PAF) in injured spinal cord tissue and blood serum were assess by ELISA method; the Caspase-9 expression for each group after 14 days' treatment was assess by Western blot method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>BBB scores were(21.000±0.000) points at the 6 time points, that was, 1 h, 48 h after forcing in control group, 24 h, 3 d, 7 d, 14 d after treating in experiment group; the score of experimental groups (group C, D, E) were always lower than control groups(group A, B); compared with group E, group C and D were significantly higher(<0.05); and there was no significant difference between group C and group D(>0.05). The results of PAF by ELISA method to measure:the concentration of serum PAF, there was no statistical difference among group A, B, D, E (>0.05), group C was lower than the other groups (<0.05); the concentration of tissue PAF, there was no significant difference between group A and group B(>0.05), group D was significantly higher than that of group A, B, and C(<0.05), group E was the highest one than that of the other groups(<0.05). Western blot med tests showed that the Caspase-9 protein expression in group A and B was similar (>0.05), group C was higher than that of group A and B(<0.05), group D was higher than group A, B and C(<0.05), group E was the highest than that of group A, B, C and D (<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Decompression and Governor Vessel electro-acupuncture on acute severe upper cervical spinal cord compression injury had a better effect compare with decompression and methylprednisolone or simple decompression only, its mechanism may be related to lower the PAF levels and downregulating Caspase-9 protein expression in spinal injury tissue.</p>

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259766

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect and mechanism of Buyanghuanwu decoction on platelet activating factor expression in spinal cord tissue of model of acute upper cervical spinal cord injury in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty SPF grade 3-month-old female Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, methylprednisolone group and Buyanghuanwu decoction (Traditional Chinese Medicine group, TCM), with 15 rats in each group. The first day after the modeling, the methylprednisolone group were treated by injection of the tail vein for a total of 24 h, the first dose of 30 mg/kg, followed by a dose of 5.4 mg/kg·h, and 1 time per 4 h. The traditional Chinese medicine group was prepared with a medium dose of Buyanghuanwu decoction granules which were prepared into a solution containing 2 g/ml of granules, 3.5 g/kg per day gavage, was equivalent to 1 time the amount of adult consumption. The model group and the sham operation group were given equal volume of normal saline for 2 times a day for 2 weeks. The recovery of nerve function was evaluated by BBB classification at 1, 3, 7, 14 days after treatment. The expression of PAF in the segment of spinal cord injury was detected by double antibody sandwich (ELISA) method at 1, 7, and 14 d postoperatively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the first day after treatment, BBB score in model, TCM and methylprednisolone groups were lower than that of sham operation group(<0.01), but there was no difference among the three groups(>0.05). At 7, 14 days afer treatment, BBB score in TCM and methylprednisolone groups were higher than that of model group significantly(<0.01); but there were no significant difference between TCM group and methylprednisolone group(>0.05). PAF expression in TCM group and methylprednisolone group were lower than that of model group at 7, 14 day afer treatment significantly (<0.05); but there were no significant difference between TCM group and methylprednisolone group (>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Buyanghuanwu decoction treatment after acute upper cervical spinal cord injury can significantly improve locomotor recovery by inhibiting the expression of PAF.</p>

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704252

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the genotypes and nucleotide polymorphisms of Echinococcus granulosus metacestode from humans and sheep in Tianjun region,Qinghai Province. Methods The specific primers were designed according to the cox1 and nad1 genes of E.granulosus mitochondrial genome sequences accessed by GenBank.The primers were used to detect the cyst samples from 16 sheep and 2 humans infected with E.granulosus in Tianjun region of Qinghai Province by PCR,then the PCR amplification products were sequenced,the genotypes and nucleotide polymorphisms of the cox1 and nad1 genes were analyzed.Results The 18 isolated samples all belonged to E.granulosus G1 genotype.Among all the isolates,9 haplotypes ex-isted in the cox1 gene with 16 nucleotide mutation sites,and there were 0 to 5 nucleotide differences with the highest variation rate of 0.31%,whereas 7 haplotypes occurred with 15 nucleotide mutation sites,and there were 1 to 8 nucleotide differences with the highest variation rate of 0.89% for the nad1 gene.Conclusions The epidemic genotype of E.granulosus is G1 in hu-mans and sheep in Tianjun region of Qinghai Province,and the nucleotide polymorphisms of the cox1 gene were more abundant than those of the nad1 gene,and the resolution of the nucleotide polymorphisms of cox1 gene is higher than that of the nad1 gene used in E.granulosus isolates.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742290

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to determine the pathogen-causing diarrhoea in sheep Ovis aries in the Qinghai Tibetan Plateau Area, China. A trophozoite was identified as species of ciliate alveolates infecting the sheep based on morphological characteristics examined by microscope. It was mostly spherical, colourless and transparent, with many vesicles. Macronucleus and contractile vacuoles could not be distinguished. Size of the trophozoite was 80–180×70–150 μm and its surface was covered with cilia. Molecular analysis based on sequences of 18S rRNA and ITS genes confirmed the ciliate species as Balantidium coli. According to the literature, there have been many epidemiological investigations of B. coli infection in pigs, monkeys and humans. To our knowledge, this was the first report of B. coli infections in sheep in the Qinghai Tibetan Plateau Area of China, or eleswhere around the world. Importantly, the sheep case was rare but raised our concern that B. coli may spread across species and expand its host range.


Subject(s)
Balantidium , China , Cilia , Haplorhini , Host Specificity , Humans , Macronucleus , Sheep , Sheep, Domestic , Swine , Trophozoites , Vacuoles
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742232

ABSTRACT

Six cystic metacestodes were found in the abdominal muscles of a wild rabbit, Lepus sinensis, in China. The coenurus contained one or more scolices armed with hooklets. Mitochondrial cox1 (1,623 bp) confirmed 98% homology with cox1 of Taenia serialis. This is the first report of T. serialis infection in an intermediate host in the Qinghai Tibetan Plateau Area, China.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Muscles , Arm , China , Hares , Taenia
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307139

ABSTRACT

To screen the anti-inflammatory active fraction of unripe Forsythiae Fructus, and elucidate the action mechanism, water decoction, ethyl acetate portion, n-butanol portion and residue water extracts of unripe Forsythiae Fructus were administered into rats for continuously 15 days. The acute lung injury inflammatory model was established to observe the section structure of lung tissues. Levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-10 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were determined by ELISA kits, and changes in endogenous metabolites in serum were analyzed based on 1H-NMR metabolomics. The results showed that ethyl acetate portion of unripe Forsythiae Fructus had a better anti-inflammatory activity against acute lung injury, and could suppress the release of inflammatory factors of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, significantly reduce contents of creatine, β-OH-butyrate, succinate, lysine, valine, isoleucine and glutamine, and elevate the content of GPC in serum. Ethyl acetate portion was proved to be the main fraction of anti-inflammatory activity from the perspective of endogenous metabolites in serum, and played an anti-inflammatory role by regulating creatine metabolism, choline metabolism, branched-chain amino acid metabolism and TCA cycles. This study could lay a foundation for studying pharmacodynamic material basis of unripe Forsythiae Fructus.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257681

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the potential correlation between apolipoprotein (Apo) levels and coronary atherosclerosis and investigate its predictive value for coronary artery lesions in asymptomatic population without diabetes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We performed a retrospective analysis of data collected from 401 asymptomatic patients who took health check-ups. They were divided into atherosclerosis group (n=224)and control group (n=177) based on the outcome of CT angiography and blood biochemical findings. The risk factors, lipid profiles, and Apo levels were compared between these two groups. The best biochemical indicators for predicting the coronary atherosclerosis were explored.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of ApoB, ApoC2,ApoC3,and ApoE and ApoB/ApoA1 ratio were significantly higher in the atherosclerosis group than in the control group (all P<0.01), whereas the ApoA1,ApoA2, and lipoprotein a levels showed no such significant difference (all P>0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that age, male, hypertension,ApoC3(OR=1.572,95%CI 1.200-2.061) and ApoB/ApoA1 ratio (OR=1.767,95% CI 1.335-2.338) were independently correlated with coronary atherosclerosis (all P<0.01). In the prediction of the presence of plaque, ApoB had the largest area under curves, and the optimal cutoff point was 1.005 g/L.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ApoC3 is closely associated with subclinical coronary atherosclerosis,while the decrease of ApoA1 level is not obvious during this period. Compared with other lipid indicators, ApoB is the strongest predictor for coronary atherosclerosis in asymptomatic non-diabetic population.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiography , Apolipoproteins , Atherosclerosis , Coronary Disease , Diabetes Mellitus , Humans , Hypertension , Lipoprotein(a) , Male , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257668

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the potential correlation between creatine kinase and the long-term patency of coronary drug eluting stents.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 74 patients who had undergone coronary computed tomography angiography after drug eluting stents implantation were retrospecpectively analyzed. Based on the computed tomography angiography findings,these patients were divided into patency group and non-patency group. The mean follow-up time was (20.5 ± 13.1) months. The serum levels of creatine kinase and creatine kinase isoenzyme were measured to determine the relationship of stent patency with these oxidative-related biomarkers after long-term follow-up. The T test or non-parametric test was adopted to compare the intergroup difference of measurement data,whereas chi-square test was conducted to test the difference of enumeration data. Logistic regression was adopted to analyze the biochemical indexes and clinical information. Only variables with a P value of less than 0.05 in the univariable analyses entered the multivariate Logistic regression model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Patients in the non-patency group had significantly higher serum creatine kinase level compared with patients in patency group [(115.5 ± 51.5)U/L vs.(75.9 ± 29.4)U/L, P=0.012] and significantly higher level of creatine kinase isoenzyme [(3.5 ± 5.3)U/L vs.(1.7 ± 1.3)U/L,P=0.034]. Furthermore,the Logistic analysis showed that serum creatine kinase level (odds ratio=1.573,95% CI=1.022-2.421, P=0.039)was an independent predictor of stent patency.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Creatine kinase is an independent risk factor associated with stent non-patency.</p>


Subject(s)
Chi-Square Distribution , Coronary Angiography , Creatine Kinase , Drug-Eluting Stents , Humans , Logistic Models , Risk Factors , Tomography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257664

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the correlation of pathologic subtypes and immunohistochemical implication with CT features of lung adenocarcinoma 1 cm or less in diameter with focal ground-glass opacity (fGGO).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CT appearances of 59 patients who underwent curative resection of lung adenocarcinoma ≤ 1 cm with fGGO were analyzed in terms of lesion location, size, density, shape (round, oval, polygonal, irregular), margin (smooth, lobular, spiculated, lobular and spiculated), bubble-like sign, air bronchogram, pleural tag, and tumor-lung interface. Histopathologic subtypes were classified according to International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/ American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society classification of lung adenocarcinoma. Common molecular markers in immunohistochemical study included human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-1,HER-2,Ki-67, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and DNA topoisomerase 2Α.Patients' age and lesions' size and density were compared with pathologic subtypes using analysis of variance or nonparametric Wilcoxon tests. Patients' gender, lesion location, shape and margin, bubble-like sign, air bronchogram, pleural tag, and tumor-lung interface were compared with histopathologic subtypes and immunohistochemical implication using ψ² test or Fisher's exact test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients' gender, age, lesion location, shape, air bronchogram, pleural tag, and tumor-lung interface were not significantly different among different histopathologic subtypes (P=0.194, 0.126, 0.609, 0.678, 0.091, 0.374, and 0.339, respectively), whereas the lesion size,density,bubble-like sign, and margin showed significant differences (P=0.028, 0.002, 0.003, 0.046, respectively). The expression of Ki-67 significantly differed among nodules with different shapes(P=0.015). Statistically significant difference also existed between tumor-lung interface and HER-1 expression (P=0.019) and between bubble sign and HER-2 expression (P=0.049).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Of lung adenocarcinoma ≤ 1 cm with fGGO,bubble-like sign occurs more frequently in invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma and less frequently in atypical adenomatous hyperplasia. In addition, preinvasive lesions (atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and adenocarcinoma in situ) more frequently demonstrates smooth margin,while invasive lesions (minimally invasive adenocarcinoma and invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma) more frequently demonstrates lobular and spiculated margin. Some CT features are associated with immunohistochemical implication of lung adenocarcinoma ≤ 1 cm with fGGO.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Humans , Hyperplasia , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329838

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of preoperative coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) in the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients planned to undergo non-cardiac surgery at intermediate or high risk to avoid unnecessary invasive coronary angiography (ICA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study protocol was approved by our institutional review board and informed consent was given. In this prospective study, 157 consecutive patients who underwent CCTA before undergoing non-cardiac surgery at intermediate or high risk was involved. The non-cardiac surgery included high-risk surgery (17 patients) and intermediate-risk surgery (140 patients). Follow-up was performed in 6-11 months to define cardiac events described as acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or death secondary to ASC, arrhythmias, cardiac revascularization, or cardiac failure. χ(2) test was performed to compare the differences in incidence of cardiac events among patients who had undergone or who had not undergone preoperative ICA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CCTA was of diagnostic value in 145 of 157 patients. Thirty-seven of 145 had no CAD, and 88 of 145 had no significant CAD (<50% stenosis), and non-cardiac surgery was performed in them without preoperative ICA. No patients in those patients had postoperative ischemic events at follow-up; 20 had significant CAD (≥50% stenosis) and underwent surgery after preoperative ICA. CCTA was non-diagnostic in 12 patients who were referred for preoperative ICA, and 4 of 12 underwent surgery after PCI or CABG. There were no differences in cardiac events between patients who had undergone preoperative ICA and those who had not (P=0.45).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In patients with planned non-cardiac surgery at medium or high risk of cardiovascular events, preoperative CCTA is an effective diagnostic tool for detecting CAD. Preoperative ICA can be safely avoided in patients with normal findings or with stenosis<50% in CCTA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronary Angiography , Methods , Coronary Artery Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Perioperative Care , Prospective Studies , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Methods
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267205

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the personality-adjusting effect of electro-acupuncture treatment for depression and compared this treatment with paroxetine treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A non-blinded, randomized controlled trial was adopted. Sixty depressed patients, who met trial criteria, were randomly assigned to the treatment and the control groups. In the treatment group, electro-acupuncture treatment was used, and paroxetine treatment was used in the control group. During the 24-week study period, 12 patients dropped out and 48 patients completed the study. The Minnesota Multiple Personality Inventory (MMPI) was adopted as the evaluation tool. At the same time, the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) were used to evaluate the psychological state. Evaluations were done before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, patients' psychological state improved significantly in both groups (P<0.01). For the treatment group, within-group comparison between baseline and after 24 weeks of treatment showed that severity of depression had significantly decreased (P<0.01). MADRS and SDS scores decreased significantly (P<0.05) and MMPI subscale scores for hypochondriasis, depression, psychopathic deviate, psychasthenia, social introversion and fake decreased significantly (P<0.05). For the control group, severity of depression also decreased significantly. MADRS and SDS scores decreased significantly (P<0.05); and MMPI subscale scores for hypochondriasis, depression, hysteria, paranoia, and psychasthenia decreased significantly (P<0.05). Between-group comparison demonstrated that for the MMPI subscales paranoia and social introversion, the decrease of score was greater in the treatment group than in the control group (P<0.05). However, there were no other significant differences between the control group and the treatment group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Electro-acupuncture is effective for treating depression and affects personality traits.</p>


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Demography , Depression , Drug Therapy , Psychology , Therapeutics , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paroxetine , Therapeutic Uses , Patient Dropouts , Personality , Personality Inventory , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436399

ABSTRACT

Between May 2009 and February 2012,60 patients scheduled for laparoscopic appendectomy were randomly assigned to receive either transumbilical single-port laparoscopic appendectomy (TUSPLA) or three-port laparoscopic appendectomy (TPLA).The operative duration was significantly longer in TUSPLA than TPLA cases.No statistically significant differences existed in hospital stay,visual analog scale (VAS) score,analgesia requirement or complication rate.The abdominal scar was inconspicuous for TUSPLA.It suggested that TUSPLA with conventional instrumentation is technically feasible and safe with scarless healing.

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