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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 514-522, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991162

ABSTRACT

Temozolomide(TMZ)is an anticancer agent used to treat glioblastoma,typically following radiation therapy and/or surgical resection.However,despite its effectiveness,at least 50%of patients do not respond to TMZ,which is associated with repair and/or tolerance of TMZ-induced DNA lesions.Studies have demonstrated that alkyladenine DNA glycosylase(AAG),an enzyme that triggers the base excision repair(BER)pathway by excising TMZ-induced N3-methyladenine(3meA)and N7-methylguanine le-sions,is overexpressed in glioblastoma tissues compared to normal tissues.Therefore,it is essential to develop a rapid and efficient screening method for AAG inhibitors to overcome TMZ resistance in glio-blastomas.Herein,we report a robust time-resolved photoluminescence platform for identifying AAG inhibitors with improved sensitivity compared to conventional steady-state spectroscopic methods.As a proof-of-concept,this assay was used to screen 1440 food and drug administration-approved drugs against AAG,resulting in the repurposing of sunitinib as a potential AAG inhibitor.Sunitinib restored glioblastoma(GBM)cancer cell sensitivity to TMZ,inhibited GBM cell proliferation and stem cell char-acteristics,and induced GBM cell cycle arrest.Overall,this strategy offers a new method for the rapid identification of small-molecule inhibitors of BER enzyme activities that can prevent false negatives due to a fluorescent background.

2.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 447-459, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003157

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) have emerged as promising therapy for immune and inflammatory diseases. However, how to maintain the activity and unique properties during cold storage and transportation is one of the key factors affecting the therapeutic efficiency of hUCMSCs. Schisandrin B (SchB) has many functions in cell protection as a natural medicine. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of SchB on the hypothermic preservation of hUCMSCs. @*METHODS@#hUCMSCs were isolated from Wharton’s jelly. Subsequently, hUCMSCs were exposed to cold storage (4 °C) and 24-h re-warming. After that, cells viability, surface markers, immunomodulatory effects, reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial integrity, apoptosis-related and antioxidant proteins expression level were evaluated. @*RESULTS@#SchB significantly alleviated the cells injury and maintained unique properties such as differentiation potential, level of surface markers and immunomodulatory effects of hUCMSCs. The protective effects of SchB on hUCMSCs after hypothermic storage seemed associated with its inhibition of apoptosis and the anti-oxidative stress effect mediated by nuclear factor erythroid 2–related factor 2 signaling. @*CONCLUSION@#These results demonstrate SchB could be used as an agent for hypothermic preservation of hUCMSCs.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 814-819, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012313

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between the distribution of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in EBV associated lymphoepitheliomatoid carcinoma (LELC) and the pathological subtypes of LELC, as well as the clinical significance of TIL distribution. Methods: The LELC patients with sufficient tumor tissues, complete clinical data and positive EBER, who visited Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, China from January 2006 to October 2018, were selected. Various immunohistochemical markers (CD20, CD138, CD4, CD8, CD56 and FOXP3) were examined for TIL typing. Two pathologists reviewed the hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining sections and interpreted the immunohistochemical results. Correlation analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between the distribution of TIL subgroups and LELC's pathological characteristics. Survival analyses were conducted to study the prognostic values of TIL subgrouping. Results: A total of 102 patients with EBV related LELC were included. 46 of them were classic LELC (c-LELC) with rich interstitial TIL, and 56 were non-classic LELC (n-LELC) with relatively fewer interstitial TIL. The results of TIL analysis showed that all subtypes of c-LELC were rich in TIL, with B lymphocytes as the dominant subgroup. The number of TIL in n-LELC was fewer than that in c-LELC, with T lymphocytes as the dominant subgroup. There was no significant difference in the distribution of plasma cells between the two groups. Survival analysis showed that the total number of TIL, and the infiltrations of CD20+B cells, CD4+T cells, and FOXP3+Treg cells were associated with better overall survivals (P=0.004, 0.003, 0.008 and 0.025, respectively) and disease-free survivals (P=0.011, 0.003, 0.038 and 0.041, respectively) in patients with LELC. Conclusions: The morphologic subtypes of EBV-related LELC have different tumor immune characteristics. The total number of TIL in the stroma of c-LELC is significantly higher than that of n-LELC. Interestingly, B lymphocytes are the dominant TIL in c-LELC, while T lymphocytes are the dominant TIL in n-LELC. The infiltration of TIL, CD20+B cells, CD4+T cells and FOXP3+Treg cells in LELC may suggest a better prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Clinical Relevance , Prognosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Forkhead Transcription Factors
4.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 518-527, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010966

ABSTRACT

Numerous randomised controlled trials have suggested the positive effects of acupuncture on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the underlying therapeutic mechanisms of acupuncture for COPD have not been clearly summarized yet. Inflammation is central to the development of COPD. In this review, we elucidate the effects and underlying mechanisms of acupuncture from an anti-inflammatory perspective based on animal studies. Cigarette smoke combined with lipopolysaccharide is often used to establish animal models of COPD. Electroacupuncture can be an effective intervention to improve inflammation in COPD, and Feishu (BL13) and Zusanli (ST36) can be used as basic acupoints in COPD animal models. Different acupuncture types can regulate different types of inflammatory cytokines; meanwhile, different acupuncture types and acupoint options have similar effects on modulating the level of inflammatory cytokines. In particular, acupuncture exerts anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting the release of inflammatory cells, inflammasomes and inflammatory cytokines. The main underlying mechanism through which acupuncture improves inflammation in COPD is the modulation of relevant signalling pathways: nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) (e.g., myeloid differentiation primary response 88/NF-κB, toll-like receptor-4/NF-κB, silent information regulator transcript-1/NF-κB), mitogen-activated protein kinase signalling pathways (extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, p38 and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase), cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, and dopamine D2 receptor pathway. The current synthesis will be beneficial for further research on the effect of acupuncture on COPD inflammation. Please cite this article as: Jiang LH, Li PJ, Wang YQ, Jiang ML, Han XY, Bao YD, Deng XL, Wu WB, Liu XD. Anti-inflammatory effects of acupuncture in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(6): 518-527.


Subject(s)
Animals , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Cytokines , Disease Models, Animal , Inflammation/therapy
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 490-496, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984680

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the safety and efficacy of excimer laser coronary angioplasty (ELCA) for the treatment of degenerated great saphenous vein graft (SVG). Methods: This is a single-center, prospective, single-arm study. Patients, who were admitted to the Geriatric Cardiovascular Center of Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2022 to June 2022, were consecutively enrolled. Inclusion criteria were recurrent chest pain after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), and coronary angiography confirmed that the SVG stenosis was more than 70% but not completely occluded, and interventional treatment for SVG lesions was planned. Before balloon dilation and stent placement, ELCA was used to pretreat the lesions. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination was performed and postoperative index of microcirculation resistance (IMR) were assessed after stent implantation. The technique success rate and operation success rate were calculated. The technique success was defined as the successful passage of the ELCA system through the lesion. Operation success was defined as the successful placement of a stent at the lesion. The primary evaluation index of the study was IMR immediately after PCI. Secondary evaluation indexes included thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade, corrected TIMI frame count (cTFC), minimal stent area and stent expansion measured by OCT after PCI, and procedural complications (Ⅳa myocardial infarction, no reflow, perforation). Results: A total of 19 patients aged (66.0±5.6) years were enrolled, including 18 males (94.7%). The age of SVG was 8 (6, 11) years. The length of the lesions was greater than 20 mm, and they were all SVG body lesions. The median stenosis degree was 95% (80%, 99%), and the length of the implanted stent was (41.7±16.3)mm. The operation time was 119 (101, 166) minutes, and the cumulative dose was 2 089 (1 378, 3 011)mGy. The diameter of the laser catheter was 1.4 mm, the maximum energy was 60 mJ, and the maximum frequency was 40 Hz. The technique success and the operation success rate were both 100% (19/19). The IMR after stent implantation was 29.22±5.95. The TIMI flow grade of patients after ELCA and stent implantation was significantly improved (all P>0.05), and the TIMI flow grade of all patients after stent implantation was Grade Ⅲ. The cTFC decreased significantly after ELCA (33.2±7.8) and after stent placement (22.8±7.1) than preoperative level (49.7±13.0) (both P<0.001). The minimum stent area was (5.53±1.36)mm2, and the stent expansion rate was (90.0±4.3)%. Perforation, no reflow, type Ⅳa myocardial infarction and other complications were not observed. However, postoperative high-sensitivity troponin level was significantly increased ((67.937±33.839)ng/L vs. (5.316±3.105)ng/L, P<0.001). Conclusion: ELCA is safe and effective in the treatment of SVG lesions and could improve microcirculation and ensure full expansion of stent.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Aged , Prospective Studies , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Constriction, Pathologic , Atherectomy, Coronary/methods , Myocardial Infarction , Coronary Angiography , Stents , Treatment Outcome
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 232-235, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970853

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and compare the clinical efficacy of internal fixation and total hip replacement in the treatment of displaced femoral neck fracture from 55 to 65 years.@*METHODS@#From September 2016 to August 2020, 86 patients with Garden type Ⅲ or Ⅳ femoral neck fracture were divided into two groups according to different surgical methods. Among them, 38 patients were treated with lag screws for internal fixation, there were 26 males and 12 females, aged 55 to 64 years old with an average of(60.2±3.1) years;the other 48 patients were treated with total hip replacement, including 28 males and 20 females, aged from 57 to 65 years old with an average of(61.3±3.8) years. The time from injury to operation ranged from 1 to 3 days. The reoperation rate, incidence of deep infection, Harris score of hip joint function, visual analogue scale(VAS) of pain and patients reported outcome scores(European five-dimensional Health Questionnaire, EQ-5D) were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 24 to 54 months with an average of (35.8±10.3) months. There was significant difference in reoperation rate between two groups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference on the incidence of deep infection, hip Harris score and VAS between two groups(P>0.05) . The postoperative EQ-5D score of patients with internal fixation was lower than that of total hip replacement, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both the surgery of internal fixation and total hip replacement have similar effect in short-and medium term among the patients aged 55 to 65 years old. However, for the reoperation rate, the group of internal fixation was higher than that of total hip replacement. For the subjective functional score of patients, the group of internal fixation was lower than that of total hip replacement.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Treatment Outcome , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Reoperation
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 299-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at Weizhong (BL 40) with deqi on bladder urination function.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 healthy subjects were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 subjects in each group. Under the guidance of ultrasound, acupuncture was applied Weizhong (BL 40) on both sides. In the observation group, the needling depth was reached to the tibial nerve, and lifting-thrusting twirling method was used to induce deqi. In the control group, the needling depth was reached to the superficial fascia, and no manipulation was operated to induce deqi. The needles were retained for 10 min and acupuncture was given once in both groups. The bilateral ureteral ejection frequency and volume of the bladder were observed by ultrasound before and after acupuncture, and the score of clinical evaluation scale of deqi sensation was observed in both groups.@*RESULTS@#After acupuncture, the frequency of bilateral ureteral ejection in the observation group and the bladder volume in the two groups were increased compared before acupuncture (P<0.05), and the frequency of bilateral ureteral ejection, bladder volume and score of clinical evaluation scale of deqi sensation in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at Weizhong (BL 40) with deqi improves the bladder urination function. Ultrasound visualization improves the standardization and safety of acupuncture, intuitively evaluates the acupuncture effect, and provides an objective basis for the correlation between meridian points specificity and zang-fu organs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urination , Urinary Bladder , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , Meridians
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 294-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969987

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of Jianpi Peiyuan acupoint thread embedding therapy on perimenopausal obesity (PMO).@*METHODS@#Ninety-six patients of PMO were randomly divided into an observation group (48 cases) and a control group (48 cases). The control group received health education and lifestyle intervention. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, the observation group was treated with acupoint thread embedding at the main acupoints of Shangwan (CV 13), Zhongwan (CV 12), Xiawan (CV 10), Yinlingquan (SP 9) and Fenglong (ST 40), etc. as well as the supplementary acupoints in accordance with the syndrome differentiation, once every 2 weeks for 8 weeks (4 times in total). The indexes of obesity (body mass index [BMI], waist circumference, hip circumference and body mass), modified Kupperman score, insomnia severity index (ISI) score, self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) score, and self-rating depression scale (SDS) score of the two groups were observed before and after treatment, and the safety was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference and body mass in the two groups were lower than before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, Kupperman, ISI and SAS scores in the observation group were lower than before treatment (P<0.05), and ISI score in the control group was lower than before treatment (P<0.05). Kupperman, ISI and SAS scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in SDS between the two groups or within groups (P>0.05). No serious adverse reactions occurred during the experiment.@*CONCLUSION@#Jianpi Peiyuan acupoint thread embedding therapy can reduce the degree of obesity in PMO patients, and improve patients' the perimenopausal symptoms, insomnia and anxiety, with good safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Perimenopause , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Anxiety , Obesity
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1462-1468, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009997

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the expression level of melatonin and its effects on immune function in aplastic anemia (AA) patients.@*METHODS@#The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the plasma levels of melatonin in AA patients, and the correlation between melatonin levels and laboratory indexs was analyzed. The activation, proliferation, and apoptosis of T cells from AA patients were analyzed by flow cytometry with or without melatonin in vitro.@*RESULTS@#The plasma levels of melatonin in AA patients were significantly lower compared with healthy controls (HC) (12.23 pg/ml vs 20.04 pg/ml, P < 0.01), while the plasma melatonin levels of AA patients in remission group after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) were significantly higher than those in non-remission group (29.16 pg/ml vs 11.73 pg/ml, P =0.04). Moreover, the melatonin levels were positively correlated with platelets (r =0.49), the absolute reticulocyte count (r =0.45), and the percentage of neutrophils (r =0.43). Meanwhile, there was a negative correlation between melatonin levels and the percentages of lymphocytes (r =-0.45). The expressions of CD25 and CD69 in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from AA patients were remarkably inhibited by melatonin in vitro (all P < 0.05). When cultured with melatonin, the proliferation rates of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from AA patients were markedly suppressed (P =0.01 andP < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The plasma levels of melatonin were decreased in AA patients, which might play an important role in the mechanism of immunological abnormalities. The hyperimmune status of AA patients could be partially ameliorated by melatonin in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Aplastic , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Melatonin , Blood Cell Count
10.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 801-806, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006628

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the roles of 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3Rs) and ryanodine receptors (RyRs), the two main Ca2+ release channels in sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), in the regulation of intracellular Ca2+ oscillations in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs). 【Methods】 We isolated and cultured NRCMs for different days, then loaded them with Ca2+ indicator fura-2 and performed real-time fluorescent imaging. To distinguish the effects of IP3Rs and RyRs, NRCMs were pre-treated with phenylephrine (PE, IP3Rs agonist), caffeine (RyRs agonist), 2-APB (IP3Rs antagonist), and tetracaine (RyRs antagonists), respectively. 【Results】 The cultured monolayer NRCMs showed spontaneous synchronized Ca2+ oscillations. PE activation or 2-APB blockade of IP3Rs increased or reduced the frequency of Ca2+ oscillations in NRCMs, accordingly, with no significant effect on the amplitude of Ca2+ oscillations. Activation of RyRs with caffeine increased the frequency of Ca2+ oscillations, but unsynchronized the intercellular rhythm of calcium release and beating pace, while blocking RyRs with tetracaine completely abolished the Ca2+ oscillations and beats in NRCMs. In addition, the effect of PE stimulation on Ca2+ oscillation frequency gradually decreased along with cultured days. 【Conclusion】 IP3Rs regulate the rhythm of calcium oscillations, whereas RyRs are the main channel for bulky store Ca2+ release.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 150-158, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913181

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are one of the most important ways of cell-to-cell communication in living lives. They are involved in major physiological and pathological processes, including drug resistance, infection propagation, cancer development and cardiovascular diseases. The biological functions of exosomes made it possess characteristics of low immunogenicity, high delivery efficiency, ability to cross multiple biological barriers and targeting capacity, which also encourage people to try to use it as a drug carrier to overcome the disadvantages of poor stability, low solubility, low bioavailability and high toxicity of some drugs. In this paper, the latest progress of exosomes in the delivery of antitumor drugs, including small chemotherapeutic drugs, biological macromolecules and nucleic acid drugs, is reviewed. In addition, the isolation, drug loading, and modification method and the application prospect of exosomes are also discussed.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 373-379, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935398

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the regular exercise status and influencing factors in 18-64 year-old labor force population in Beijing, and provide evidences for behavioral intervention. Methods: Data were collected from Beijing Adult Non-communicable and Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Surveillance Program from August to December, 2017. The stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 13 240 survey subjects throughout the city. The valid sample size included in this study were 11 604 persons aged 18 to 64 years. Questionnaire was used to collection the information about basic demographic characteristics, chronic disease history and physical activity prevalence of the study subjects. The body height and weight were measured by standard methods. Fasting venous blood samples were collected for the detection of fasting blood glucose, blood lipids and other biochemical indicators. Software SPSS 20.0 was used fort complex sampling sample weighting and data analysis. Results: The proportions of the study subjects who did regular exercise and never had leisure-time activity in 18-64 year-old labor force population in Beijing were 23.74% (95%CI: 21.51%-26.12%) and 64.34% (95%CI: 61.66%-66.94%) respectively; The average daily physical activity time was 23.44 min (95%CI: 21.16-25.71), and the total daily sedentary behavior time was 6.96 hours (95%CI: 6.80-7.13). With the increase of age, the proportions of the study subjects who did regular exercise and never had leisure-time activity increased (P=0.006, P<0.001). With the increase of educational level, the proportion of those who did regular exercise increased (P<0.001), and the proportion of those who never had leisure-time activity decreased (P<0.001); the higher the level of physical activity, the higher the regular exercise proportion (P<0.001); the proportions of employed people who did regular exercise was lower than those in unemployed people (P<0.001); the proportions of women never had leisure-time activity was higher than those in men (P=0.024). The results of multivariate analysis showed that older age and higher education level were positive factors for regular exercise (35- years old: OR=0.653, 95%CI: 0.530-0.804, P<0.001; 50-64 years old: OR=0.695, 95%CI: 0.560-0.864, P=0.001; high school/technical secondary school/technical School: OR=0.679, 95%CI: 0.593-0.777, P<0.001; college graduation: OR=0.478, 95%CI: 0.387-0.590, P<0.001; bachelor degree and above: OR=0.435, 95%CI: 0.347-0.546, P<0.001), while employment (OR=1.631, 95%CI: 1.330-2.000, P<0.001) and married/cohabitation (OR=1.340, 95%CI: 1.093-1.644, P=0.038) were negative factors for regular exercise. Conclusions: The rate of regular exercise in 18-64 year-old labor force population in Beijing needs to be improved. Older age and high educational level were positive factors for regular exercise, while being married and employed were negative factors for it.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Beijing , Employment , Exercise , Leisure Activities , Sedentary Behavior
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 227-233, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935375

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the current status of taking nutrient supplements for residents aged 18 to 79 years old in Beijing and its related factors. Methods: Data were gathered from the 2017 Beijing Non-communicable and Chronic Disease Surveillance Program. Multiple classified cluster sampling method was used, and participants aged 18-79 were sampled from 16 districts. The questionnaire included chronic diseases and related risk factors, health knowledge, and oral nutritional supplements within 12 months. Multivariate logistic regression models were established to analyze associated factors that affect the intake of nutrient supplements. Results: The weighted prevalence of supplements use was 13.1% among 12 696 subjects within the past 12 months. The proportions of multivitamins (4.7%), B vitamins (4.5%), and folic acid (3.2%) were higher. The prevalence of supplement use of young people (18-39 years old) and the elderly (60-79 years old) was higher than middle-aged people (40-59 years old) (χ2=54.09, P<0.001). Except for the age group of 70-79 years old, the consumption rate of women was significantly higher than that of men (P<0.05). After adjusting age and sex, among patients with hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia, the control rates of blood pressure, glucose and lipids of patients who take nutrient supplements were higher than those who do not (P<0.05). And participants who took nutrient supplements had a more heightened awareness rate of health knowledge, such as the hazards of smoking and second-hand smoke, and recommended amount of salt per day (P<0.001). The multi-factor logistic analysis found that nutrient supplement-related factors include women, old age, higher education level, living in urban, insufficient physical activity, sleeping problems, active physical examination, blood pressure control among patients, and health knowledge (P<0.05). Conclusions: The factors of nutrient supplements use were related to sex, age, education level, health status, and health literacy. We should pay attention to key populations and guide them to establish the correct concept of taking nutrient supplements.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Beijing/epidemiology , Dietary Supplements , Folic Acid , Smoking/adverse effects , Vitamin B Complex
14.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 340-345, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935290

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the knowledge, attitude and behavior of salt reduction in adults of Beijing in 2017. Methods: Based on the monitoring data of chronic diseases and corresponding risk factors in adults of Beijing in 2017, the indicators of salt reduction knowledge, attitude and behavior of 13 240 participants aged 18-79 years old were analyzed. The awareness rate, attitude support rate and behavior rate were calculated by complex weighting method, and compared among different age groups, genders, residential areas, and history of hypertension. The proportion of people taking various salt reduction measures to the total number of people was compared. Results: The awareness rate of recommended daily salt intake, the awareness of hypertension caused or aggravated by more salt intake, the attitude support rate and behavior rate of adults were 31.77%, 88.56%, 90.27% and 53.86%, respectively. After weighted adjustment, the awareness rate of recommended daily salt intake was 31.08%, which increased with age (χ2trend=431.56, P<0.001) and education level (χ2trend=95.44, P<0.001). The awareness rate of women was higher than that of men (χ²=118.89, P<0.001), and the awareness rate of population in urban areas was higher than that of population in suburban areas (χ²=34.09, P=0.001). The awareness rate of hypertension caused or aggravated by eating more salt was 86.73%. The support rate of salt reduction attitude was 90.45%. The rate of salt-reducing behavior was 54.05%. Among different salt reduction measures, reducing salt when cooking was the most common measure (52.41%), while the least common one (35.22%) was using low sodium salt. Logistic regression model analysis showed that the gender, age, education level, self-reported history of hypertension, awareness of salt recommendation, awareness of hypertension caused or aggravated by eating more salt, and salt reduction attitude were significantly associated with salt reduction behavior. Conclusion: In 2017, adults in Beijing have a basic understanding of the impact of high-salt diet on health and support salt reduction, but the rate of salt reduction behavior is still relatively low. There are obvious gender and age differences, and the salt reduction measure is simple. Targeted measures should be taken to promote the formation of salt reduction behavior.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Beijing , Diet, Sodium-Restricted , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Hypertension/prevention & control , Recommended Dietary Allowances , Sodium Chloride, Dietary
15.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 59-64, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness and safety of the allogeneic corneal stromal flap in reducing the exposure of the drainage catheter in the implantation of Ahmed glaucoma valve.Methods:Fifty-three patients(61 eyes) with refractory glaucoma treated by Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation from January 2017 to April 2019 were retrospectively analysed. The patients were divided into sclera tunnel group(routine group) and sclera tunnel with allogeneic corneal stroma flap covering(improved group). The cumulative success rate of surgery, preoperative intraocular pressure(IOP), IOP at the last outpatient follow-up, the best-corrected visual acuity(BCVA), BCVA at the last outpatient follow-up, drainage catheter exposure and other surgical complications were collected from both groups at 6, 12 and 24 months after surgery. The data between the 2 groups were statistically analyzed, P<0.05 was statistically significant. Results:The cumulative success rates of 6, 12 and 24 months after operation were 89.7%, 86.2% and 69.0% in the routine group, and 90.6%, 90.6% and 71.8% in the improved group, respectively. There was no significant differences between the 2 groups( P>0.05). The IOP and BCVA at the final follow-up were significantly improved in both groups, with a statistical significant difference( P<0.05). In the conventional group, the exposure of drainage catheter occurred in 4 eyes(13.8%). Further surgeries were carried out to cover the exposed drainage catheters with allogeneic corneal stroma flaps and amniotic membrane and all had good recovery. There was no drainage catheter exposure in the improved group. The difference between the 2 groups was statistically significant( χ2=4.724, P=0.030). There was no significant difference in other surgical complications between the 2 groups( χ2=0.160, P=0.689). No intraoperative or postoperative complications regarding the corneal stromal flap were observed. Conclusion:Implantation of Ahmed glaucoma valve with allogeneic corneal stromal flap sealing can effectively reduce the exposure of the drainage catheter. It is a safe method.

16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 552-554, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927422

ABSTRACT

To summarize YU Tian-yuan's experience of applying Danzhong (CV 17) for mental illness in acupuncture and tuina. YU Tian-yuan uses Danzhong (CV 17) alone or in combination with other acupoints to treat mental illnesses such as insomnia, palpitation and chest distress. Professor YU emphasizes 4 tips when treating diseases, nourishing the heart to tranquilize by light stimulation; regulating spirit by combined stimulation; leaving the acupoints and holding on the meridian for a wide range of stimulation; using rubbing and pushing manipulation in several directions for regulating qi to soothe the chest. And in clinical practice, formed a unique therapy to treat mental illness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Mental Disorders/therapy , Meridians
17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 429-432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927401

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces professor MA Hui-fang's experience in age-related macular degeneration treated with acupuncture at Jingming (BL 1). It is believed that the basic pathogenesis of this disease refers to liver and kidney insufficiency and weakness of spleen qi. Based on the academic ideas of yang qi and meridian-collateral system, the treatment principle is proposed as "invigorating yang qi, replenishing the liver and kidney and nourishing the spleen and stomach". Regarding acupoint selection, Jingming (BL 1) is specially used, combined with the 4 front-mu points (Zhongwan [CV 12], Guanyuan [CV 4] and bilateral Tianshu [ST 25]), as well as the empirical points for eye diseases (Jingming [BL 1], Baihui [GV 20] and Zulinqi [GB 41]). Concerning to needling technique, shuci (transport needling), fenci (intermuscular needling) and yuandaoci (distal needling) are dominated. Eventually, a set of unique therapeutic method has been accumulated through professor MA Hui-fang's clinical practice in treatment of age-related macular degeneration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Macular Degeneration/therapy , Meridians
18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1911-1915, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936502

ABSTRACT

Euryale f erox is the dry and mature seed kernel of Euryale ferox Salisb.,the effect of raw E. ferox is mainly to astringe spontaneous emission or leukorrhea ,while the effect of fried E. ferox is mainly to tonify the spleen and stomach. Therefore , processing has an important impact on the effect of E. ferox . The author summarizes the processing evolution ,chemical composition , pharmacological action and quality control of E. ferox by consulting past materia medica monographs and related research papers. The results show that the processing methods of E. ferox in the past include cleansing ,medicinal juice ,frying and steaming ;modern processing methods mainly continue to use cleansing and frying ,among which frying can be divided into stir-frying and bran-frying. E. ferox mainly contains polyphenols ,flavonoids,sterols and other components ,with antioxidant ,antibacterial,hypoglycemic and other pharmacological effects. At present ,scholars have established a variety of fingerprints to control the quality of E. ferox . Naringin,total amino acids and other components may be the differential components that affect the quality of E. ferox ,while the contents of heavy metals and sulfur dioxide are important indicators that affect the safety of E. ferox ,and α-tocopherol and gallic acid may be the quality markers of E. ferox . Later ,according to the basic properties of raw and processed products of E. ferox , pharmaceutical analysis methods can be used to comprehensively investigate the differences and change rules of chemical components in E. ferox before and after processing. The pharmacodynamic effects of E. ferox before and after processing can be evaluated by in vivo and in vitro models,so as to provide references for the inheritance of processing technology ,the formulation of processing standards and clinical application of E. ferox .

19.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 1-8, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927839

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the interaction between abnormal prepregnancy body mass index(pBMI)and high blood lipid level during pregnancy on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM). Methods A total of 235 patients with GDM and no blood lipid-related diseases before pregnancy were selected from Hangzhou Women's Hospital during March 2017 to July 2018 as the GDM group.At a ratio of 1∶3,a total of 705 individual age-matched pregnant women with normal glucose metabolism during prenatal examination from the same hospital were selected as the control group.The generalized multifactor dimension reduction(GMDR)method was employed to characterize the possible interaction between pBMI-blood lipid and GDM.The cross-validation consistency,equilibrium test accuracy,and P value were calculated to evaluate the interaction of each model. Results GMDR model analysis showed that the second-order model including pBMI and gestational blood lipid level had the best performance(P=0.001),with the cross-validation consistency of 10/10 and the equilibrium test accuracy of 64.48%,suggesting that there was a potential interaction between pBMI and gestational high blood lipid level.After adjustment of confounding factors,the model demonstrated that overweight/obesity patients with high triglyceride(TG) level had the highest risk of developing GDM(OR=14.349,95%CI=6.449-31.924,P<0.001).Stratified analysis showed that overweight/obesity patients under high TG level group had a higher risk of developing GDM than normal weight individuals(OR=2.243,95%CI=1.173-4.290,P=0.015). Conclusions Abnormal pBMI and high blood lipid level during pregnancy are the risk factors of GDM and have an interaction between each other.Overweight/obese pregnant women with high TG levels are more likely to develop GDM.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Body Mass Index , Diabetes, Gestational , Hyperlipidemias/complications , Obesity/complications , Overweight
20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 379-384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931084

ABSTRACT

Schlemm canal is an important part of the aqueous humor outflow pathway and a circular canal around the angle of anterior chamber.Its inner wall was separated by a layer of endothelial cells with trabecular meshwork, and its outer wall was drained by 25-30 collector channels.At present, it is considered that Schlemm canal is the main part of resistance to aqueous humor outflow and plays a vital role in the regulation of intraocular pressure.The collapse of Schlemm canal will cause the increase of intraocular pressure, which will lead to the damage of fundus oculi and the occurrence of glaucoma.With the development of minimally invasive glaucoma surgeries, Schlemm canal has become a significant part in anti-glaucoma surgery.Therefore, the morphological observation of Schlemm canal is particularly important.With the development of imaging technology, mainly ultrasound biomicroscope and optical coherence tomography, the study on the morphology of Schlemm canal has developed from the initial histological study of isolated eye by light microscope and electron microscope in vitro to the imaging observation in vivo.In this review, the morphology and physiological function of Schlemm canal in aqueous humor outflow pathway and the biometrics of its morphology were described.

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