Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 208
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880147

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score on the prognosis of newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data 119 patients with MM who were diagnosed according to the international myeloma diagnostic criteria in Lanzhou University Second Hospital from April 2010 to October 2018 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The relationship between clinical indexes, including age, sex, MM type, absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), absolute neutrophil count (ANC), absolute monocyte count (AMC), hemoglobin (Hb), platelet (PLT), β@*RESULTS@#Compared with high-scoring group, low-scoring group had a better OS [median OS was 43.3 months and 127.67 months, respectively, 95% confidence interval (CI): 57.065-78.345, P=0.038]. At the same time, the low-scoring group also had higher level of ALC, ANC, AMC, Hb, PLT, ALB, and CHO but lower of GLO. Multivariate survival analysis showed that age (HR=1.027, 95%CI: 1.000-1.054, P=0.048), AMC (HR=11.284, 95%CI: 22.968-42.897, P<0.001), CONUT score (HR=1.198, 95%CI: 1.036-1.385, P=0.015), M protein (non-IgG/IgG type) type (HR=0.503, 95%CI: 0.259-0.977, P=0.043) were independent factors affecting the prognosis of MM patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The CONUT score as an immune-nutrition score is a convenient and easy-to-obtain index to effectively predict the prognosis of MM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Nutritional Status , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To assess the growth of preterm infants up to a corrected age of 24 months, and to understand the growth trend and pattern of preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A preterm infant follow-up database was established based on the Internet Plus follow-up system. A total of 3 188 preterm infants who were born from April 2018 to April 2021 were enrolled. Their length, weight, and head circumference were recorded at birth and at the corrected ages of 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. The preterm infants were grouped by perinatal factors. The growth curves of these infants were plotted and compared with the International Fetal and Newborn Growth Consortium for the 21st Century (INTERGROWTH-21st) standard and World Health Organization (WHO) standard.@*RESULTS@#The weight, length, and head circumference curves of each group of preterm infants grouped by various perinatal factors all rose rapidly within the corrected age of 6 months, but the growth rate slowed down after the corrected age of 6 months. Based on the actual age for the groups of preterm infants with different gestational ages (<28 weeks, 28-31@*CONCLUSIONS@#The physical growth rate of preterm infants is faster within the corrected age of 6 months, and the growth rate slows down after the corrected age of 6 months. Preterm infants with a smaller gestational age need longer time to catch up in weight and head circumference. More attention should be paid to the physical growth of extremely preterm infants, extremely low birth weight infants, and small-for-gestational-age infants.


Subject(s)
Cephalometry , Child, Preschool , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Pregnancy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873610

ABSTRACT

@#Nowadays, the popularization of endoscopic technology makes a substantial increase in the diagnosis rate of esophageal multiple primary carcinoma. However, the multiple primary carcinoma combined with esophageal cancer, lung cancer and cardiac cancer is relatively rare. This paper reported a 64-year-old male with multiple primary cancer who received one-stage complex radical surgery, including radical resection of esophageal cancer, lung cancer and cardiac cancer. After the operation, the patient presented chylothorax and conservative treatment was ineffective. Then we preformed ligation of thoracic duct through single-portal thoracoscope. The patient recovered successfully after surgery and the follow-up results showed well.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906335

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy as well as anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrosis mechanism of Yishen Tongluo decoction in the treatment of chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) with spleen and kidney Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome. Method:According to the random number table method, one hundred and twenty patients were divided into control group (60 cases) and observation group (60 cases). The two groups were given oral valsartan capsules, 160 mg/time, 1 time/day, and dipyridamole tablets orally, 50 mg/time, 3 times/day. Patients in control group additionally took Wubi Shanyao pills orally, 9 g/time, 2 times/day, while patients in observation group additionally took Yishen Tongluo decoction orally, 1 dose/day. Both groups were treated continuously for four months. Before and after treatment, 24 h urine total protein (24 h UTP), creatinine (SCr), urea nitrogen (BUN), serum cystatin C (CysC), tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-17, interferon-<italic>γ</italic> (IFN-<italic>γ</italic>), transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TMP-1) and hypoxia inducible factor-1<italic>α </italic>(HIF-1<italic>α</italic>) levels were detected in both groups. The scores of spleen and kidney Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were graded. Urine protein, and urine red blood cells (urinary RBC) were monitored. Result:The 24 h UTP, SCr, BUN and CysC levels of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The score of spleen and kidney Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of TNF-<italic>α</italic>, IL-6, IL-17 and IFN-<italic>γ </italic>in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, CTGF, TMP-1 and HIF-1<italic>α</italic> in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). While MMP-9 level was higher than that in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The clinical effective rate was 88.33% (53/60) in the observation group, higher than 73.33% (44/60) in the control group (<inline-formula><alternatives><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M2"><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>χ</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mn mathvariant="normal">2</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:math><graphic specific-use="big" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="alternativeImage/155A9E27-C0C9-44b4-96FF-AF947372054E-M002.jpg"><?fx-imagestate width="3.30200005" height="3.64066648"?></graphic><graphic specific-use="small" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="alternativeImage/155A9E27-C0C9-44b4-96FF-AF947372054E-M002c.jpg"><?fx-imagestate width="3.30200005" height="3.64066648"?></graphic></alternatives></inline-formula>=4.356, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:On the basis of conventional Western medicine treatment, Yishen Tongluo decoction in the treatment of CGN patients with spleen and kidney Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome can reduce proteinuria, and improve traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes, with anti-inflammatory and anti-kidney fibrosis effects. Thereby, it plays a role in protecting renal function and delaying the malignant progression of renal function, with high clinical efficacy and value of clinical use.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906285

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential targets and mechanism of action of "Clematis Radix et Rhizoma-Trichosanthis Radix" based on network pharmacology. Method:Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology Analysis Platform(TCMSP) was used to screen out active ingredients and corresponding target proteins of Clematis Radix et Rhizoma and Trichosanthis Radix according to oral bioavailability(OB) and drug likeness(DL),cancer disease targets were screened out using GeneCards and OMIM databases,R language software was used to screen out common targets of clematis,trichosanthin and cancer diseases, Cytoscape 3.7.2 software was used to construct a network map of "drug-active ingredient-disease-target", STRING database was used to draw protein protein interaction(PPI)of common target proteins, R language software was used to perform enrichment analysis of gene ontology(GO) functions and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) channels on effective targets. Result:A total of 9 effective active ingredients were obtained from Clematis Radix et Rhizoma-Trichosanthis Radix powder pair. A total of 31 target genes were searched,and 814 relevant target genes were searched from cancer diseases. The two kinds of relevant target genes were matched to obtain 9 common target genes,which mainly involved endopeptidase,cysteine-type endopeptidase activities involving in the apoptosis process and cancer necrosis factor receptor superfamily binding and other biological processes,and played a role in the treatment of cancers by regulating apoptosis,measles,hepatitis B,kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus infection,p53,interleukin-17(IL-17),tumor necrosis factor(TNF) and many other pathways. Conclusion:The mechanism of Clematis Radix et Rhizoma-Trichosanthis Radix in the treatment of cancer is preliminarily studied. Clematis Radix et Rhizoma-Trichosanthis Radix has multiple active ingredients and can play a role in treating cancer through multiple targets and multiple pathways.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885093

ABSTRACT

Objective:Aimed to investigate the value of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation in adrenal venous blood sampling (AVS).Methods:Patients who diagnosed as primary aldosteronism (PA) and completed successful bilateral cannulation judged by selection index (SI) for routine and(or) ACTH stimulation AVS were enrolled. The lateralization index(LI) was calculated to compare the effect of ACTH stimulation on AVS cannulation success rate and lateralization judgment.Results:A total of 73 patients with PA were enrolled in the study, of whom 28 were confirmed as aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) after unilateral adrenalectomy. Cortisol and aldosterone in peripheral and adrenal veins were significantly increased after ACTH stimulation. The left SI was increased from 6.5(3.0-13.6) to 26.8 (16.9-40.3) ( P<0.01) and the right SI from 20.8(4.8-34.8) to 57.6(35.7-80.9) ( P<0.01) after ACTH stimulation. There was no significant difference on LI before and after ACTH stimulation [7.7(2.3-19.6) vs 5.6(1.9-14.6), P=0.14]. The success rates of left and right adrenal cannulation were increased by 15% and 10% respectively after ACTH stimulation. For 57 patients who were determined in successful cannulation by both routine and ACTH stimulation AVS, 27 patients were determined to have lateralization by both AVS methods, 21 patients were determined to have bilateralization, and the consistency of lateralization by both AVS methods was 84%(48/57). Among the 28 patients who were confirmed to be APA after unilateral adrenalectomy, the correct rate of lateralization by both AVS methods was 89% (25/28). Conclusion:ACTH stimulation is able to improve the success rate of bilateral adrenal vein cannulation, and is helpful to judge AVS results. For patients with successful cannulation, there is no significant difference in lateralization judgment for routine and ACTH stimulation AVS.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885085

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigated the clinical, biochemical, and immunohistological characteristics of patients with aldosterone producing adenoma(APA)and different gene mutations.Methods:The clinical and biochemical data of 206 patients with APA who received unilateral adrenalectomy were collected. Sanger sequencing was used to identify the mutation in the hot-point of KCNJ5 and other genes. The tumor samples were stained by 11β-hydroxylase(CYP11B1)and aldosterone synthase(CYP11B2), which was quantified by McCarty′s H-score system.Results:The gene mutations were identified in 166 out of 206(80.6%)patients with APA, of which 158 cases were KCNJ5 mutation, 2 ATP1A1 mutation, 5 ATP2B3 mutation, and 1 CTNNB1 mutation. Age, duration of hypertension, and serum potassium in APA patients with genetic mutant were significantly lower than those without genetic mutation( P<0.05) while the proportion of female, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, aldosterone/renin ratio(ARR), and plasma aldosterone concentration(PAC)post saline infusion test(SIT)were significantly higher( P<0.05). Subgroup analysis showed that age, duration of hypertension, systolic blood pressure, and proportion of left ventricular hypertrophy in APA patients with ATP1A1 and ATP2B3 mutations were significantly higher than those with KCNJ5 mutation( P<0.05)while the PAC post SIT and tumor diameter were significantly lower( P<0.05). The positive rates of CYP11B2 in APA with different mutations were not significantly different. The H-score of CYP11B1 was significantly higher [160.0(127.5, 193.5) vs 80.0(27.5, 152.3), P=0.020] and the H-score of CYP11B2 was significantly lower [155.0(123.0, 190.0) vs 240.0(140.0, 270.0), P<0.01] in APA with KCNJ5 mutation compared with those with ATPase mutation. Conclusion:The types of genetic mutation are closely correlated with the clinical, biochemical, and immunohistological phenotypes in patients with APA.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2808-2815, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877936

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lipid abnormalities are prevalent among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH) and contribute to increasing risk of cardiovascular events. This study aims to investigate the incidence of dyslipidemia and its risk factors in PLWH after receiving different first-line free antiretroviral regimens.@*METHODS@#PLWH who sought care at the Third People's Hospital of Shenzhen from January 2014 to December 2018 were included, and the baseline characteristics and clinical data during the follow-up were collected, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The risk factors of dyslipidemia after antiretroviral therapy were analyzed with the generalized estimating equation model.@*RESULTS@#Among the 7623 PLWH included, the mean levels of TC, HDL-C and LDL-C were 4.23 ± 0.85 mmol/L, 1.27 ± 0.29 mmol/L and 2.54 ± 0.65 mmol/L, respectively, and the median TG was 1.17 (IQR: 0.85-1.68) mmol/L. Compared with that in PLWH receiving tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) + lamivudine (3TC) + ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r), zidovudine (AZT) + 3TC + efavirenz (EFV), and AZT + 3TC + LPV/r, the incidence of dyslipidemia was lower in PLWH receiving TDF + 3TC + EFV. In multivariate analysis, we found that the risks of elevations of TG, TC, and LDL-C were higher with TDF + 3TC + LPV/r (TG: odds ratio [OR] = 2.82, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.55-3.11, P < 0.001; TC: OR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.14-1.35, P < 0.001; LDL: OR = 1.06, 95% CI: 1.00-1.12, P = 0.041), AZT + 3TC + EFV (TG: OR = 1.41, 95% CI: 1.28-1.55, P < 0.001; TC: OR = 1.43, 95% CI: 1.31-1.56, P < 0.001; LDL: OR = 1.18, 95% CI: 1.12-1.25, P < 0.001), and AZT + 3TC + LPV/r (TG: OR = 3.08, 95% CI: 2.65-3.59, P < 0.001; TC: OR = 2.40, 95% CI: 1.96-2.94, P < 0.001; LDL: OR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.37-1.69, P < 0.001) than with TDF + 3TC + EFV, while treatment with TDF + 3TC + LPV/r was less likely to restore HDL-C levels compared with TDF + 3TC + EFV (OR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.92-0.97, P < 0.001). In addition to antiretroviral regimens, antiretroviral therapy duration, older age, overweight, obesity and other traditional factors were also important risk factors for dyslipidemia.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of dyslipidemia varies with different antiretroviral regimens, with TDF + 3TC + EFV having lower risk for dyslipidemia than the other first-line free antiretroviral regimens in China.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , China/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , HIV , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Humans , Lamivudine/therapeutic use , Lipids , Risk Factors
9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 123-129, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799405

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association between plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the severity of coronary artery disease, and to evaluate the impact of HDL-C levels on long-term outcomes in patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*Methods@#A total of 10 458 consecutive patients underwent PCI from January 2013 to December 2013 at Fuwai hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into three groups according to HDL-C tertiles: low HDL-C group (HDL-C≤0.89 mmol/L, n=3 525), median HDL-C group (HDL-C>0.89-1.11 mmol/L, n=3 570) and high HDL-C group (HDL-C>1.11 mmol/L, n=3 363). SYNTAX score was used to evaluate the severity of coronary artery disease, linear regression was used to analyze the relationship of HDL-C and SYNTAX score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the outcomes among the three groups. Multivariate Cox regression was used to define the potential associations of HDL-C and outcomes.@*Results@#The HDL-C level was (1.03±0.28) mmol/L and the SYNTAX score was 11.7±8.1. Patients were older, proportion of female, stable angina pectoris, successful PCI and left ventricular eject fraction value were higher, while incidence of diabetes mellitus was lower, hyperlipidemia, old myocardial infraction, smoking history and left main and three vessels disease were lower in high HDL-C group (all P<0.05). Patients in high HDL-C group also had the lowest SYNTAX score (12.2±8.4 vs. 11.7±8.1 vs. 11.2±7.8, P<0.001). Both univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis showed that HDL-C was negatively associated with SYNTAX score, e.g. Univariate analysis: β=-0.046, P<0.001; Multivariate analysis: β=-0.058, P=0.001. And 10 400 (99.4%) patients completed 2-year follow up. At 2-year follow-up, there were no difference in all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) and stent thrombosis among three groups (P for trend>0.05), while patient in high HDL-C group experienced the highest BARC type 2 bleeding events (P for trend=0.018). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that HDL-C level was not an independent risk factor of 2-year adverse ischemia events (P>0.05) and 2-year bleeding events (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#In patients underwent PCI, plasma HDL-C level is negatively associated with SYNTAX score, but not an independent risk factor of ischemic and bleeding events post PCI.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of addition and subtraction therapy of Chuanxiong Chatiaosan combined with acupuncture for acute migraine attack with syndrome of wind phlegm blocking collaterals and to investigate its effect on neurovascular active medium. Method:One hundred and thirty-four patients were randomly divided into control group(67 cases) and observation group (67 cases)by random number table. During the treatment, 63 patients completed the study in control group (loss to follow-up in 2 cases, and elimination in 2 cases). 64 patients completed the study in observation group (loss to follow-up in 3 cases). Patients in both groups got ibuprofen sustained release tablets, 1 tablet/time, 2 times/day, Zolmitriptan tablets, 2.5 mg/time, 1 time/day, which were stopped when symptoms got relieved. Patients in control group got acupuncture treatment, 1 time/day, and Zhengtian pills by oral administration, 6 g/time, 2 times/day. Based on the treatment of acupuncture in control group, patients in observation group additionally received addition and subtraction therapy of Chuanxiong Chatiaosan, 1 dose/day, with a treatment course of 10 days in both groups. Before treatment, at the first day (2, 4 , 12 , 24 h) and second to tenth day after the treatment, scores of pain visual analoguescale (VAS) were graded; before and after treatment, scores of duration and degree of headache, concomitant symptoms, number of headache attacks, syndrome of wind phlegm blocking collaterals, migraine specific quality of life scale (MSQ) were graded. Levels of nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and β endorphin (β -EP) were detected before and after treatment. Result:The clinical efficacy in observation group was better than that in control group (Z=2.115, P<0.05). At the second and fourth hour after treatment, VAS scores were decreased in both groups, but there was no statistically significant difference between two groups. At the 12th and 24th hour after treatment, VAS scores were increased as compared with those at the previous time point (P<0.01), and VAS scores in observation group at the 12th and 24th hour were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), but there was no statistically significant difference in onset time for pain, effective rate for pain at second hour after treatment and the disappearance rate of pain at the third day after treatment. Time to pain relief in observation group was shorter than that in control group (P<0.01). Degree of headache, duration of headache, number of headache attacks and accompanying symptoms were all lower than those in control group, while scores of MSQ and the total score of MSQ were all higher than those in control group (P<0.01). Recurrence rate of pain in observation group was 18.75% (12/64), lower than 36.51% (23/63) in control group at the 24th hour (P<0.05). Disappearance rate of pain in observation group was 70.31% (45/64) and 90.63% (58/64) at the fifth day and tenth day after treatment, higher than 52.38% (33/63) and 76.19% (48/63) in control group (P<0.05). Levels of NO, β-EP and 5-HT were higher than those in control group (P<0.01), while levels of CGRP and ET-1 were lower than those in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion:Chuanxiong Chatiaosan combined with acupuncture in the treatment of acute migraine attack in patients, has equivalent effect in terms of rapid pain relief, but with advantages of long-lasting analgesic effect, low recurrence rate, high pain relief rate and disappearance rate. In addition, it can also regulate neurovascular active mediators, more effectively control acute migraine attack, and improve the quality of life of patients, with a better clinical efficacy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the proportion of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in primary aldosteronism (PA) in Chinese population and compare the clinical characteristics between PA patients with OSA and those without.Methods:A total of 96 patients diagnosed with PA from September 2015 to November 2018 were recruited in this study. OSA was screened by cardio-respiratory polygraphy. According to the apnea hypopnea index (AHI), the patients were divided into PA with OSA group (AHI ≥5 times) and PA without OSA group (AHI<5 times).Results:Among all patients (96), 69 (71.9%) were with OSA, among them 22 patients (22.9%) were with mild OSA, 17 patients (17.7%) were with moderate OSA and 30 patients (31.3%) were with severe OSA. Compared with the patients without OSA, the patients with OSA were elder, and had higher levels of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), creatinine (CR) and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) ( P<0.05), but lower concentrations of plasma aldosterone (PAC), supine aldosterone renin concentration ratio(ARR) and the PAC after the diagnosis test ( P<0.05). Spearman correlation analyses showed that BMI, WC, HC, CR and HbA1c were positively correlated with AHI ( P<0.05), while high-density lipoproteincholesterol (HDL-C), supine-PAC and saline infusion test(SIT)-post PAC were negatively correlated with AHI ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The proportion of OSA in PA patients is relatively high (71.9%). Metabolic abnormalities are more common in PA patients with OSA, indicating that screening for OSA should be carried out routinely in PA patients.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 667-673, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the expression of ubiquilin2 (UBQLN2) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its effect on the proliferation, invasion and metastasis ability of NSCLC cells.Methods:Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of UBQLN2 in NSCLC cancer (24 cases) and adjacent normal tissues (24 cases), and to analyze the relationship between the expression of UBQLN2 and lymph node metastasis of NSCLC cancer. The expression of UBQLN2 in human normal bronchopulmonary epithelial cells and NSCLC cells was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)and Western blot; the effect of UBQLN2 on the proliferation of NSCLC cells was detected by lentivirus overexpression technology combined with MTS and EDU experiments in vitro; the effect of UBQLN2 on the invasion and metastasis of NSCLC cells was detected by scratch experiments in vitro and transwell experiments; a dual-fluorescence autophagy flow detection system was constructed by GFP-LC3-RFP-mLC3 plasmid packaging virus and Western blot was used to detect the change of autophagy after overexpression of UBQLN2; TCGA online data was uesd to analyze the expression level of UBQLN2 and lung cancer patients relevance of prognosis. Results:The expression of UBQLN2 in normal lung tissues was significantly higher than that in NSCLC tissues ( P<0.01), and the expression in patients with negative lymph node metastasis was significantly higher than that in patients with positive lymph node metastasis ( P<0.01); the expression of UBQLN2 in NSCLC cells was significantly lower than that in normal lung epithelial cells, and the overexpression of UBQLN2 could inhibit the proliferation and invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. The expression of UBQLN2 was positively correlated with the prognosis of NSCLC. Conclusions:The expression of UBQLN2 is significantly lower in lung cancer tissues and cells, and is negatively correlated with the lymph node metastasis of NSCLC; UBQLN2 can inhibit the proliferation and invasion of NSCLC cells; the expression of UBQLN2 is positively correlated with the prognosis of patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866028

ABSTRACT

Various contents, relatively insufficient class hours, few practical operation opportunities and lack of teacher-student interaction are the main difficulties in clinical clerkship teaching of gynecology and obstetrics. In this study, the flipped classroom, surgery simulation training system and online self-test module are added to the clinical clerkship teaching of obstetrics and gynecology, and also the WeChat group interactive platform is established to make up for the deficiency of traditional teaching mode. The questionnaire survey showed that 59 clerkship students' satisfaction with the course was 92.6 points, 98.3% of students thought that the surgery simulation training was helpful, and 93.2% of them thought that the flipped classroom was helpful, and the students' scores of the final exam was higher than those of the previous students in the same period with the same difficulty of the exam. Therefore, rational use of flipped classroom, surgery simulation training system and other modules can improve the overall effect of clinical clerkship teaching in gynecology and obstetrics to a certain extent.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863196

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of donepezil combined with oxiracetam in the treatment of vascular dementia after acute cerebral infarction.Methods:Sixty patients with vascular dementia after acute cerebral infarction were randomly divided into control group ( n=30) and combined administration group ( n=30). Patients in the control group orally received oxiracetam 3 times daily (0.8 g/time), and patients in the combination group orally received donepezil once daily (5 mg/time) based on the treatment of oxiracetam. The treatment was lasted for 4 weeks. Before and after treatments, patients were evaluated with the mini-mental state examination (MMSE), and the levels of serum interleukin 18 (IL-18), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Results:After the treatment, the MMSE score of all patients were significantly higher than before treatments (all P<0.05), serum IL-18, TNF-α, and MMP9 levels decreased (all P<0.05), and serum VEGF levels increased ( P<0.05). Comparing with the control group, the MMSE score of patients in the combined administration group were higher ( P<0.05), serum IL-18, TNF-α, and MMP9 levels were lower (all P<0.05), and serum VEGF levels were higher ( P<0.05) after the treatment. Conclusions:The treatment of Donepezil combined with oxiracetam can improve the clinical symptoms of patients with vascular dementia, and its mechanism may involve inhibition of inflammatory response, inhibition of apoptosis and promotion of vascular endothelial cell growth.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863115

ABSTRACT

Polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) are the two most common subtypes of myeloproliferative diseases. Recent studies have shown that cerebral thrombosis is one of the major complications of PV and ET, which is closely related to the poor outcomes of patients. Meanwhile, PV and ET also increase the risk of recurrent cerebrovascular events in patients with cerebral thrombosis. This article reviews the research progress on the correlation between PV and ET and cerebral thrombosis, in order to provide the basis for clinical prevention and treatment of PV and ET.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846967

ABSTRACT

Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F has significant anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties and is widely used for treating autoimmune and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and kidney disease, especially in traditional Chinese medicine. The mechanisms underlying its effects may be diverse but they remain unclear, and its toxicity and side effects limit its wider clinical application. This review summarizes the clinical application of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F in recent years, as well as the results of studies into its mechanisms and toxicity, to provide a reference for its future clinical application.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 819-826, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774788

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The early identification of heart failure (HF) risk may favorably affect outcomes, and the combination of multiple biomarkers may provide a more comprehensive and valuable means for improving the risk of stratification. This study was conducted to assess the importance of individual cardiac biomarkers creatine kinase MB isoenzyme (CK-MB), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), galectin-3 (Gal-3) and soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 (sST2) for HF diagnosis, and the predictive performance of the combination of these four biomarkers was analyzed using random forest algorithms.@*METHODS@#A total of 193 participants (80 patients with HF and 113 age- and gender-matched healthy controls) were included from June 2017 to December 2017. The correlation and regression analysis were conducted between cardiac biomarkers and echocardiographic parameters. The accuracy and importance of these predictor variables were assessed using random forest algorithms.@*RESULTS@#Patients with HF exhibited significantly higher levels of CK-MB, BNP, Gal-3, and sST2. BNP exhibited a good independent predictive capacity for HF (AUC 0.956). However, CK-MB, sST2, and Gal-3 exhibited a modest diagnostic performance for HF, with an AUC of 0.709, 0.711, and 0.777, respectively. BNP was the most important variable, with a remarkably higher mean decrease accuracy and Gini. Furthermore, there was a general increase in predictive performance using the multi-marker model, and the sensitivity, specificity was 91.5% and 96.7%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The random forest algorithm provides a robust method to assess the accuracy and importance of predictor variables. The combination of CK-MB, BNP, Gal-3, and sST2 achieves improvement in prediction accuracy for HF.


Subject(s)
Adult , Algorithms , Biomarkers , Blood , Metabolism , Creatine Kinase, MB Form , Blood , Metabolism , Echocardiography , Female , Galectin 3 , Blood , Metabolism , Heart Failure , Blood , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Blood , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773715

ABSTRACT

To study the correlation between ultra high performance liquid chromatography( UPLC) fingerprint of Smilax china and its anti-pelvic inflammatory effect,and to explore the pharmacodynamic material basis of S. china against pelvic inflammatory disease.UPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of S. china from different habitats were established,and the values of SOD,MDA,TNF-α,and IL-6 in rats with pelvic inflammation were measured. The weight of each single pharmacodynamics index to the total efficacy was determined by analytic hierarchy process,and the contribution of each peak in fingerprints to the each single pharmacodynamics index and total efficacy was analyzed by the grey relational analysis. Then the structures of chemical constituents at the identified peaks were confirmed by comparing with the reference substance. The 27 common characteristic peaks of UPLC fingerprints were all related to the anti-pelvic inflammation effect of S. china,of which 13 peaks were identified as peak 2( 3,5-dihydroxy-2-methylbenzoic acid-3-O-glucoside),peak 3( chlorogenic acid),peak 5( 2,7,4-trihydroxydihydroflavone-5-O-glucoside),peak 6( 7,4-dihydroxydihydroflavonol-5-O-glucoside),peak 7( taxifolin-7-O-glucoside),peak 9( taxifolin),peak 10( polydatin),peak 11( oxyresveratrol),peak 12( astilbin),peak15( resveratrol),peak 16( quercitrin),peak 18( engeletin) and peak 24( kaempferol). The correlation degree of 21 peaks and the total efficacy was greater than 0. 8,and the top 10 ranked by correlation degree were as follows: peak 1,3,7,19,18,17,4,11,16,and 21. The results showed that the anti-pelvic inflammation effect of S. china was achieved by the combined action of pharmacodynamic substances. In order to control the quality of S. china and its prepared slices more effectively,the index components of content detection should be selected reasonably.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Female , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease , Drug Therapy , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Rats , Smilax , Chemistry
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 914-921, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It is currently unclear if fibrinogen is a risk factor for adverse events in patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or merely serves as a marker of pre-existing comorbidities and other causal factors. We therefore investigated the association between fibrinogen levels and 2-year all-cause mortality, and compared the additional predictive value of adding fibrinogen to a basic model including traditional risk factors in patients receiving contemporary PCI.@*METHODS@#A total of 6293 patients undergoing PCI with measured baseline fibrinogen levels were enrolled from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital. Patients were divided into three groups according to tertiles of baseline fibrinogen levels: low fibrinogen, <2.98 g/L; medium fibrinogen, 2.98 to 3.58 g/L; and high fibrinogen, ≥3.58 g/L. Independent predictors of 2-year clinical outcomes were determined by multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression modeling. The increased discriminative value of fibrinogen for predicting all-cause mortality was assessed using the C-statistic and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI).@*RESULTS@#The 2-year all-cause mortality rate was 1.2%. It was significantly higher in the high fibrinogen compared with the low and medium fibrinogen groups according to Kaplan-Meier analyses (1.7% vs. 0.9% and 1.7% vs. 1.0%, respectively; log-rank, P = 0.022). Fibrinogen was significantly associated with all-cause mortality according to multivariate Cox regression (hazard ratio 1.339, 95% confidence interval: 1.109-1.763, P = 0.005), together with traditional risk factors including age, sex, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular ejection fraction, creatinine clearance, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The area under the curve for all-cause mortality in the basic model including traditional risk factors was 0.776, and this value increased to 0.787 when fibrinogen was added to the model (IDI = 0.003, Z = 0.140, P = 0.889).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Fibrinogen is associated with 2-year all-cause mortality in patients receiving PCI, but provides no additional information over a model including traditional risk factors.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Blood , Therapeutics , Aged , Fasting , Blood , Female , Fibrinogen , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779480

ABSTRACT

Objective The Rothman-Keller model was used to establish a predictive model for the risk of birth defects on the basis of evidence-based medicine, which so as to provide the basis for pertinent interventions in China. Methods First, the odds ratio (OR) value of risk factors for birth defects was obtained by evaluating the literature of meta-analysis, and the risk score table of the Rothman-Keller model was constructed. Then the simulation data was used to build the model, the risk boundary value of risk prediction, and finally the actual data to was used for verification. Results The main risk factors for 20 birth defects were collected through 17 articles. In the actual data of Shanxi Province, the actual incidence rate of high-risk populations screened by Rothman-Keller model was 10.9%, and it was statistically different from other groups ( 2 =147.58,P<0.001). In addition, the rothman-keller model identified all patients with a family history of birth defects as high-risk. Conclusions Through the meta-analysis literature on birth defects in China, the study find the main risk factors and construct a risk prediction model. It can be used to predict the risk of birth defects and help screen high-risk groups. At the same time, it provides ideas for predicting the risk of other diseases.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL