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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 416-420, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of intravenous combined with aerosol inhalation of polymyxin B for the treatment of pneumonia caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative (G -) bacteria. Methods:A observational study was conducted. The clinical data of 45 patients with pneumonia due to multidrug-resistant G - bacteria admitted to intensive care unit of Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from January to October in 2020 were analyzed. According to the different use methods of polymyxin B, 25 patients who received single intravenous drip (the first dose was 2.0 mg/kg, then 1.25 mg/kg, once every 12 hours) from January to April in 2020 were enrolled in the routine group, and 20 patients who received intravenous drip combined with aerosol inhalation (25 mg once every 12 hours, sputum in the airway was sucked and then sprayed aerosol) from May to October in 2020 were enrolled in the combination group. After the treatment course of polymyxin B, the total bacterial clearance rate, total clinical efficiency rate, recovery time of body temperature, time of bacterial clearance and the change of serum procalcitonin (PCT) level before and after treatment were compared between the two groups. Moreover, the incidence of adverse reactions during treatment in the two groups was observed. Results:The results of sputum culture in the routine group were Acinetobacter baumannii in 13 patients, Klebsiella pneumoniae in 5 patients, Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 6 patients, Enterobacter cloacae in 1 patient; the sputum culture results of the combination group showed that there were 5 patients of Acinetobacter baumannii, 9 Klebsiella pneumoniae and 6 Pseudomonas aeruginosa. There was no significant difference in the results of sputum culture between the two groups ( P > 0.05). The total bacterial clearance rate and the total clinical efficiency rate of the combination group were significantly higher than those in the routine group (total bacterial clearance rate: 70.0% vs. 40.0%, total clinical efficiency rate: 75.0% vs. 40.0%, both P < 0.05). The recovery time of body temperature and the time of bacterial clearance of the combination group were significantly shorter than those in the routine group [recovery time of body temperature (days): 6.0±3.9 vs. 10.2±7.3, time of bacterial clearance (days): 6.1±5.2 vs. 11.5±6.8, both P < 0.05]. No significant difference was found in serum PCT level before treatment between the two group. There was no significant difference in serum PCT level before and after treatment in the routine group [μg/L: 0.85 (0.44, 2.87) vs. 1.43 (0.76, 5.30), P > 0.05]. The serum PCT level after treatment in the combination group was significantly lower than that before treatment [μg/L: 0.27 (0.10, 0.70) vs. 0.91 (0.32, 3.53), P < 0.05], and it was significantly lower than that in the routine group [μg/L: 0.27 (0.10, 0.70) vs. 0.85 (0.44, 2.87), P < 0.01]. The incidence of renal toxicity of polymyxin B between the combination group and the routine group was not significantly different (5.0% vs. 4.0%, P > 0.05). Conclusions:The efficacy of intravenous combined with aerosol inhalation of polymyxin B for the treatment of pneumonia due to multidrug-resistant G - bacteria is better than that of intravenous drip of polymyxin B only. The aerosolized polymyxin B will not increase the risk of renal injury.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883002

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation of the demand for humanistic care of schizophrenics in convalescence and analyze the influencing factors, so as to provide the basis for clinical nurses to carry out targeted humanistic care for patients.Methods:A self-produced scale with a total score of 49-245 was used to investigate 516 convalescent period schizophrenic patients in 18 tertiary mental health institutions in 13 provinces of China, single factor analysis and multiple regression analysis were performed on their influencing factors.Results:The Likert 5-point scoring method was used. The overall score of the nursing care needs of hospitalized schizophrenic patients was (202.85±35.06) points, and the average score of total items were (4.14±0.16) points. Multiple linear regression results showed female ( B=0.100, P=0.024), stable marriage ( B=-0.098, P=0.026),high school (including secondary school) Education ( B=-0.107, P=0.018), family per capita monthly income of 2 000 yuan or above ( B=0.093, P=0.043),central region ( B=-0.110, P=0.014) were the main factors that affect the demand for humanistic care of inpatients with schizophrenia in convalescence. Conclusion:The hospitalized schizophrenic patients have higher and diversified needs for humanistic care. Patients with different genders, marital status, education level, monthly family income and living area have different needs for humanistic care. Individualized and standardized nursing should be given according to the actual situation of patients' needs to provide a more supportive environment for their rehabilitation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905149

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of myofascial trigger point electric stimulation based on mirror therapy on phantom limb pain after lower limb amputation. Methods:From May to November, 2020, 50 patients with phantom limb pain after lower limb amputation were randomly divided into control group (n = 25) and experiment group (n = 25). Both groups accepted mirror therapy, while the experiment group received myofascial trigger point electric stimulation before mirror therapy, for four weeks. They were assessed with short-form of McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), Timed 'Up & Go' Test (TUGT) and 6-minute walk test (6MWT) before and after treatment. Results:All the indexes improved in both groups after treatment (|t| > 8.210, P < 0.001), and improved more in the experiment group than in the control group (|t| > 5.103, P < 0.001), except the present pain intensity of SF-MPQ. Conclusion:Mirror therapy is effective on phantom limb pain after lower limb amputation in terms of pain, sleep, anxiety and walking, and the effect could be stronger after myofascial trigger point electric stimulation.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1128-1132, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909673

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP), so as to provide reference for clinicians and improve the level of diagnosis and treatment.Methods:14 patients who met the diagnostic criteria of CEP in Xiangya Second Hospital of Central South University from January 2012 to July 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. Their clinical manifestations, laboratory examination, imaging characteristics, diagnosis and treatment were analyzed.Results:The male to female ratio of 14 patients with CEP was 6∶1, with a median age of 51 years. 3 patients had allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, rash and other allergic history. The course of the disease was about 4 months. The common symptoms included cough (14 cases), expectoration (13 cases), shortness of breath (10 cases), and occasional extrathoracic symptoms such as rash and lymphadenopathy (2 cases). Eight patients had abnormal pulmonary auscultation, mainly coarse respiratory sounds of both lungs and scattered dry and wet rales. The eosinophil count (EOS) in peripheral blood was increased in all patients, and the median EOS count was about 1.42×10 9/L. Total serum IgE increased in 11 patients, of which 10 cases were more than 1 000 ng/ml. Pulmonary function tests were performed in 11 patients, including 5 cases of normal pulmonary function, 3 cases of obstructive ventilation dysfunction and 3 cases of restrictive ventilation dysfunction. All 14 patients underwent lung computer tomography (CT) examination. Most of them (13 cases) were double lung infiltration. The pathological signs were mainly patch shadow (6 cases), ground glass shadow (4 cases), grid shadow (3 cases) and consolidation shadow (3 cases), and scattered nodule shadow (3 cases) was seen in some cases; Mediastinal or hilar lymphadenopathy occurred in 6 patients. 9 patients underwent bronchoscopic alveolar lavage (BAL) and cell classification and counting. Only 3 cases had EOS counts higher than the normal value (normal value<3%). 10 patients underwent bronchoscopic lung biopsy, and 6 patients had EOS infiltration in lung tissue. 9 patients were treated with glucocorticoids, 8 patients were treated with oral corticosteroids (OCS) (prednisone or methylprednisolone), and the initial dose was 30-50 mg; One case was treated with budesonide atomization alone; Five patients were not diagnosed with CEP, only used antibiotics or other symptomatic treatment, and did not use hormones. Conclusions:As a rare pulmonary disease, CEP has no specific clinical manifestations. The common symptoms are cough, expectoration, shortness of breath, etc, which is easily misdiagnosed. Laboratory tests often indicate increased peripheral blood EOS count and total IgE, and imaging usually shows diffuse infiltration in both lungs, with lymph node enlargement. OCS therapy is the first-line treatment for CEP. The short-term prognosis after OCS treatment is good, but it is prone to relapse. Some novel monoclonal antibody biologics can be used as alternative therapy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888172

ABSTRACT

China has a long history of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing with multiple methods available. The pre-sent study collated and summarized the Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing methods recorded in 23 related herbal medicine books, all editions of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the 1988 edition of National Regulations for Processing of Chinese Medicine, and 20 current local processing specifications and standards. The results demonstrated various processing methods of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, such as removing residual part of stem, plantlet, or soil, smashing, filing, cutting, decocting, washing with wine, soaking in wine, and stir-frying with wine or blood from pig heart, while raw and wine-processed products are mainly used in modern times. Due to the lack of unified standards, the phenomena of multiple methods adopted in one place and different methods in different places have led to uneven quality of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma pieces, even affecting the safety and effectiveness of its clinical medication. This study is expected to provide a reference for the development of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing and its rational medication.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Roots , Rhizome , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Swine
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886084

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the application value of spacial clusters detection of human schistosomiasis epidemic,based on small scale level in heavy mountainous and hilly endemic areas, Songzi County,Hubei Province,China. Methods Positive results of human serological detection antibody titer equal or above 80,and positive schistosomiasis cases of fecal examination from 2016 to 2018 as research object in Songzi County.The flexible irregular space scan statistics was used to analyse the spatial clustering analysis of human schistosomiasis epidemic in the heavy mountainous and hilly endemic areas, setting parameter K=2 ,K=6 or K=10, respectively,based on small scale of village level in Songzi County. Results There was none positive schistosomiasis cases of fecal examination in Songzi County from 2016 to 2018.The number of human serological detection antibody titer equal or above 80 were  74, 206, 83, from 2016 to 2018,respectively.There was spatial clusters of positive of human serological detection antibody titer equal or above 80 for schistosomiasis cases in the county from 2016-2018. Areas of flexible irregular space scan statistic in cluster detection changing with the change of different K values. Under different parameters of flexible irregular space scan statistic results show that the most likely cluster of 40 endemic villages in three towns,inculding Laocheng town,Chendian town and Wangjiaqiao town were the prominent. Conclusion There are spatial clusters of human schistosomiasis based on small scale of village level by flexible irregular space scan statistic in mountainous and hilly endemic areas, Songzi County,Hubei Province.Therefore,the monitoring and control of schistosomiasis should be consolidated in the future,in order to achieve schistosomiasis elimination in Hubei Province at an early date.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882027

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk after transmission interruption in Hubei Province, so as to provide insights into the precise control of schistosomiasis. Methods The indicator system was preliminarily established based on data collection, literature review, expert interviews. Two rounds of expert consultation were performed. The indicator system was screened based on the importance, operability, sensitivity and comprehensive score of the indicators, and the weights of each indicator were calculated. The credibility of the Delphi method was evaluated by calculating the active coefficient of the experts, degree of expert authority and coordination levels of experts’ opinions. Results An indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk was preliminarily established, including 3 primary indicators, 12 secondary indicators and 44 tertiary indicators. A Delphi consultation was performed among 17 experts participating in schistosomiasis control, management and research. Following two rounds of consultation, a risk assessment indicator system was finally constructed, including 3 primary indicators, 10 secondary indicators and 35 tertiary indicators. Among the primary indicators, the variable with the highest normalized weight was the current status of schistosomiasis (0.420 2), followed by social factors (0.397 3) and natural environments (0.182 5). Among the secondary indicators, those with high combined weights included risk monitoring (0.142 3), current snail status (0.140 1), and current prevalence of human and livestock infections (0.137 8). Among the tertiary indicators, those with high combined weights included the positive rate of wild feces (0.049 8), the prevalence of snail infections (0.047 4), and the area of snail habitats submerged by floods (0.046 8). During the two-round consultation, the active coefficients of the experts were 85.00% and 100.00%, the degree of expert authority was both 0.75 and greater, and the coordination levels of experts’ opinions were 0.405 to 0.521 and 0.592 to 0.695 (all P values < 0.05). Conclusion An indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk is successfully established after transmission interruption in Hubei Province based on the Delphi method, which provides insights into the identification of the schistosomiasis transmission risk and the targets for schistosomiasis control in Hubei Province.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880663

ABSTRACT

A patient with thymoma associated immunodeficiency syndrome (Good's syndrome) and bronchiectasis was retrospectively analyzed. Good's syndrome is a rare condition of immunodeficiency that is characterized by thymoma and hypogammaglobulinemia. It is important to bear in mind that Good's syndrome should be included in the differential diagnosis When patients repeatedly visited for bronchiectasis or infection, we should alert to their immune state and history of thymoma. Early screening of immunological status and aggressive correction of immune deficiency are beneficial to improving the prognosis to patients with Good's syndrome.


Subject(s)
Agammaglobulinemia/complications , Bronchiectasis/complications , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Thymoma/complications , Thymus Neoplasms/complications
9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 386-391,f3, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863338

ABSTRACT

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma has low resectability rate, high recurrence and short survival. It is very important to formulate and optimize the strategy of surgical treatment. The only potentially effective treatment for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is surgical resection. Liver transplantation also has some application prospects. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma can be divided into four types: mass forming type, intraductal growth type, periductal infiltration type, mass forming + periductal infiltration(mixed)type. Clinically, the treatment strategy is mainly determined according to the general classification. The application of methods such as preoperative portal vein embolism, neoadjuvant therapy and lymph node dissection make it possible for more patients to undergo surgical resection and improve the surgical effect. Adjuvant treatment including chemotherapy and radiotherapy can significantly improve the prognosis of the patients. The rapid development of molecular targeted therapy and immunotherapy is gradually changing the clinical treatment of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837795

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), tens of thousands of medical staff and paramedical staff have been involved in the treatment of COVID-19 patients. Heavy personal protective equipment and continuous high-intensity work have brought great challenges to the staff. Fainting incidents occur frequently in the isolation ward. The emergency treatment after fainting is directly related to the safety and health of the injured. Based on the latest domestic and international literatures and guidelines, we proposed a first-aid procedure for staff who fainted in the isolation ward, aiming to provide reference for the treatment of staff fainting in the isolation ward.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837790

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), tens of thousands of medical staff and paramedical staff have been involved in the treatment of COVID-19 patients. Heavy personal protective equipment and continuous high-intensity work have brought great challenges to the staff. Fainting incidents occur frequently in the isolation ward. The emergency treatment after fainting is directly related to the safety and health of the injured. Based on the latest domestic and international literatures and guidelines, we proposed a first-aid procedure for staff who fainted in the isolation ward, aiming to provide reference for the treatment of staff fainting in the isolation ward.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837611

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the changing tendency in the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in the national surveillance sites of Hubei Province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for facilitating the progress towards the elimination of schistosomiasis in the province. Methods According to the National Schistosomiasis Surveillance Scheme (2014 version), a total of 65 national schistosomiasis surveillance sites were assigned in Hubei Province, and the Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans, domestic animals, snails and wild feces were monitored in these national surveillance sites from 2015 to 2019. All data pertaining to the surveillance results were descriptively analyzed. Results There were 151 159 person-time local residents and 70 928 person-time mobile populations screened for S. japonicum infections in the 65 national surveillance sites of Hubei Province from 2015 to 2019, and the seroprevalance of S. japonicum infections reduced from 3.45% (1 077/31 197) in 2015 to 1.57% (431/27 371) in 2019 among local residents and from 1.06% (98/9 249) in 2015 to 0.81% (116/14 318) in 2019 among mobile populations. During the period from 2015 through 2019, there were 22 egg-positive local residents and 2 egg-positive mobile populations identified in 2015, with 0.07% and 0.02% prevalence rates of S. japonicum infections, respectively. During the 5-year period, a total of 7 025 herd-time domestic animals examined for S. japonicum infections, with no infections detected, and a total of 2 035 wild feces were tested, with no egg-positives identified in the 65 national surveillance sites of Hubei Province. Snail survey was conducted covering 28 767.35 hm2 during the 5-year period, and the area of snail habitats ranged from 1 609.82 to 2 119.81 hm2. The mean density of living snails and occurrence of frames with snails reduced from 0.360 5 snails/0.1 m2 and 11.26% in 2015 to 0.175 9 snails/0.1 m2 and 8.43% in 2019, respectively, and no S. japonicum infection was found in snails during the 5-year period. In addition, no snails were found in the potential schistosomiasis transmission foci in the two national surveillance sites in the Three Gorges Dam. Conclusions The overall endemic situation of schistosomiasis appears a tendency towards a decline in Hubei Province during the period from 2015 through 2019; however, the schistosomiasis transmission risk remains. Improving the surveillance system of schistosomiasis and increasing the sensitivity and performance of the surveillance system are required to provide insights into the implementation of precision control strategy and interventions in Hubei Province.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829577

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution of Oncomelania snails in Four-Lake Basin of Hubei Province, so as to provide scientific evidence for the development of snail control interventions. Methods The snail distribution was surveyed by means of the retrospective study and cross-sectional survey in the Four-Lake Basin in Spring of 2016. The data pertaining to the endemic situation of schistosomiasis were collected and analyzed in the Four-Lake Basin from 2008 to 2018, and the associations of snail habitat areas with the prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum in humans and bovines were examined. Results There were 16 003 snail habitats in the 9 schistosomiasis-endemic counties (districts) in the Four-Lake Basin in 2016, covering an area of 246 million m2. The mean density of living snails was 0.622 5 snails/0.1 m2, which was relatively high in weed-type settings (0.688 0 snails/0.1 m2) and ditches (0.706 4 snails/0.1 m2). Type I (current snail habitats, 53.03%) and Ⅱ- Ⅳ (historical snail habitats, 46.97%) settings were predominant snail habitats. A big change was seen in snail habitats in dry farmland, marshland and paddy farmland, and environmental modification resulted in satisfactory snail control effectiveness. In addition, the area of snail habitats positively correlated with the changes in the prevalence of S. japonicum infections in humans (r = 0.842, P < 0.01) and livestock (r = 0.695, P < 0.01). Conclusions The integrate strategy with an emphasis on the control of the source of S. japonicum infections results in remarkable snail control effectiveness in the Four-Lake Basin; however, there is a risk of re-emerging snail habitats.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828366

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to observe the effect of salvianolic acid B(Sal B) on high-glucose induced renal tubular epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT) in rats, and to explore its possible mechanisms of prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy. The rat renal tubular epithelial NRK-52 E cells were cultured in vitro. The cells were divided into control group, high glucose group, high glucose+10 μmol·L~(-1)Sal B group(Sal B), the above 3 groups were set at 6, 12, 24 and 48 h for dynamic observation; high glucose+Sal B different concentration(1, 5, 10 μmol·L~(-1)) groups, high glucose+5.0 μmol·L~(-1) pioglitazone group, high glucose+10 μmol·L~(-1)Sal B+5 μmol·L~(-1)GW9662 group. The protein expression levels of PPARγ, PTEN, α-SMA, E-cadherin and PI3 K/Akt signaling molecules were determined by Western blot. The mRNA expression of PPARγ and PTEN were detected by Real-time PCR. The viabi-lity of NRK52 E cells was determined by MTT assay. The results showed that as compared with control group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of PPARγ and PTEN in high glucose group gradually reduced, the protein expression levels of α-SMA and p-Akt~((Thr308))gradually increased, and the protein expression of E-cadherin gradually reduced(P<0.05). As compared with high glucose group, when increases in Sal B doses, the mRNA and protein expression levels of PPARγ, PTEN in high glucose + different concentrations of Sal B groups gradually increased, the protein expression levels of α-SMA and p-Akt~((Thr308)) gradually reduced, and the protein expression of E-cadherin gradually increased(P<0.05), however, the effect of 1 μmol·L~(-1)concentration of Sal B on the expression of PPARγ mRNA and protein and PTEN mRNA was not significantly different. As compared with high glucose group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of PPARγ mRNA(except 6 h) and protein(except 6 h), PTEN mRNA(except 6 h) and protein(except 6, 12 h) kept increasing, the protein expression levels of α-SMA and p-Akt~((Thr308))(except 6 h) continued to reduce, the protein expression of E-cadherin kept increasing in high glucose+10 μmol·L~(-1) Sal B dynamic observation group(P<0.05). As compared with high glucose group, Sal B and the pioglitazone(PIO) can greatly enhance the expression of PPARγ, PTEN at mRNA and protein levels, enhance the expression of E-cadherin at protein levels, and reduce the expression of α-SMA, p-Akt~((Thr308))protein level(P<0.05), there was no significant difference between the two groups. However, the expression levels of PPARγ and PTEN mRNA and protein, E-cadherin, α-SMA and p-Akt(Thr308) protein in the Sal B+GW9662 control group were not statistically significant compared with the high glucose group. The effect of Sal B was blocked by the PPARγ antagonist GW9662. It can be concluded that Sal B can suppress the NRK52 E cells induced by high-glucose EMT. The mechanism may be related to the activation of PPARγ with Sal B, and the up-regulation of PTEN expression, and thereby inhibiting the fibrosis effect of PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzofurans , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Glucose , Rats , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823128

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the spatial clustering of human schistosomiasis at the village level in key counties in Hubei Province, to provide scientific evidence for formulating strategies for human schistosomiasis prevention and control in the next stage. Methods Gong'an County and Jiangling County in Hubei Province were selected as representative counties for this study. A town or village was set up as a research unit. Schistosomiasis cases of a positive fecal examination in 2015 and cases with positive detection for schistosomiasis serological antibody titer equal or above 80 in 2016-2018 were selected as research subjects in these two counties. The Kulldorff circular scan statistic was used for the spatial clustering analysis of human schistosomiasis infection status in the population. Results There was spatial clustering of positive schistosomiasis cases of fecal examination, at the level of a town or village in both counties in 2015. There was spatial clustering of positive human serological antibody detection at the level of town or village from 2016-2018. Eighty-six endemic villages in five towns in the northeast of Gong'an County, along the Yangtze river,including Mahaokou Town, Zhakou Town, Yangjiachang Town, Jiazhuyuan Town and Douhuti Town, were the most prominent. There was no spatial clustering of positive results of human serological antibody detection at the town and village level in Jiangling County, in2017, while there was spatial clustering of human serological antibody detection in 2016 and 2018,respectively. Fifty-seven endemic villages in two towns (Puji Town and Xionghe Town) in the southwest of Jiangling County, along the Yangtze river,were the most prominent. Conclusion There were spatial clustering of human schistosomiasis epidemic at village level both in Gong'an County and Jiangling County, Hubei Province. Compared with the previous studies, there was a trend of shrink and decline of clustering areas. Therefore, the current situation of the epidemic has put forward higher requirements for the implementation of precise prevention and control in the progress of schistosomiasis elimination work in various epidemic areas.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 765-768, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821963

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand indoor air quality in middle and primary schools of Hangzhou in autumn and winter seasons, and to provide references of promoting indoor air quality of schools.@*Methods@#Totally 33 classrooms of 11 schools in urban area were selected into study during Sept.2018 to Jan.2019. Daily measurements of PM2.5 and CO2 were performed in selected classes during school working time by air quality monitors. Totally, monitoring data of 35 964 hours were analyzed using univariate and multiplicity analysis for PM2.5 and CO2 level, variability and possible influence factors.@*Results@#In autumn and winter, hourly average values of classroom PM2.5 and CO2 concentration level in Hangzhou were between 35.30 to 74.65 μg/m3 and between 949.17 to 2 029.98 mg/m3, respectively. The concentration levels of PM2.5 and CO2 were higher with the temperature(F=1 412.84, 775.66, P<0.01). No statistical significance was be found for the difference of PM2.5 concentration among monitoring times. Wave changes in CO2 were observed with time variation PM2.5 and CO2 concentration level of 68.42% monitoring times was complied with standards. School type and temperature correlated with PM2.5 concentration level. The PM2.5 concentration level in senior high school was higher than that in junior high school, while the value in primary school was the minimum(β=0.44, P<0.01). And the PM2.5 concentration increased with the temperature decreased(β=8.31, P<0.01). School type, temperature and monitoring time correlated with CO2 concentration level. CO2 concentration increased with the increase of grade, decrease in temperature and later time during the day(β=213.64, 162.38, P<0.01). The CO2 concentration level in later monitoring time was lower than that in earlier monitoring time(β=-16.28, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Classroom CO2 concentration level in Hangzhou was closed to that in European schools, while PM2.5 concentration level was much higher. Comparing with other cities in China, classroom PM2.5 and CO2 concentration level in Hangzhou is better. The results highlighted that school location, design and routine management should be advanced consideration for good air quality in classroom.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1217-1222, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821610

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To de termine unknown impurities in Cefprozil suspension ,and to identify its structure. METHODS : LC-HR-MS/MS method was used to detect and identify unknown impurities in Cefprozil suspension. The determination was performed on Thermo HyPURITY TM C18 with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.013% formic acid solution (gradient elution ) at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 230 nm,and column temperature was 40 ℃. The sample size was 20 μL. ESI+ full scanning was carried out with electrospray ion source scanning range was mass-charge ratio (m/z)100-1 500 with spray voltage of 3.8 kV,metal capillary temperature of 320 ℃,sheath gas pressure of 60 Arb,auxiliary gas pressure of 10 Arb,spray temperature of 280 ℃. RESULTS :Under this condition ,the detection limit of impurity K was 0.202 μg/mL. RSDs of precision and reproducibility tests were both lower than 4%. Three unknown impurities were found around impurity K ,which were isomers of each other. The retention time of ions were 17.83-19.31 min,and the secondary parent ion were all m/z 436.150 0[M+ H]+,which may be the product of ring opening and dehydration of cefpropene. CONCLUSIONS :Three unknown impurities near impurity K in Cefprozil suspension were detected by this method.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878817

ABSTRACT

Unraveling the genetic basis of medicinal plant metabolism and developmental traits is a long-standing goal for pharmacologists and plant biologists. This paper discusses the definition of molecular genetics of medicinal plants, which is an integrative discipline with medicinal plants as the research object. This discipline focuses on the heredity and variation of medicinal plants, and elucidates the relationship between the key traits of medicinal plants(active compounds, yield, resistance, etc.) and genotype, studies the structure and function, heredity and variation of medicinal plant genes mainly at molecular level, so as to reveal the molecular mechanisms of transmission, expression and regulation of genetic information of medicinal plants. Specifically, we emphasize on three major aspects of this discipline.(1)Individual and population genetics of medicinal plants, this part mainly highlights the genetic mechanism of the domestication, the individual genomics at the species level, and the formation of genetic diversity of medicinal plants.(2)Elucidation of biosynthetic pathways of active compounds and their evolutionary significance. This part summarizes the biosynthesis, diversity and molecular evolution of active compounds in medicinal plants.(3) Molecular mechanisms that shaping the key agronomic traits by internal and external factors. This part focuses on the accumulation and distribution of active compounds within plants and the regulation of metabolic network by environmental factors. Finally, we prospect the future direction of molecular genetics of medicinal plants based on the rapid development of multi-omics technology, as well as the application of molecular genetics in the future strategies to achieve conservation and breeding of medicinal plants and efficient biosynthesis of active compounds.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Genomics , Molecular Biology , Plant Breeding , Plants, Medicinal
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878674

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of SPK1 gene transfected adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells(ADMSC)on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis mice and the effect on T helper cell 17(Th17)/regulatory T(Treg) cells balance. Methods EAE was induced by myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein 35-55 in mice.Totally 44 mice were randomly divided into four groups:normal control group(NC group),model group(EAE group),ADMSC group,and ADMSC-SPK1 group.Forty days after injection,the pathological changes of brain and spinal cord,Th17/Treg-related inflammatory markers in brain tissue,expressions of interleukin-17A(IL-17A)and forkhead box protein p3(Foxp3)in brain and spinal cord tissue,and flow cytometric results of spleen immune cells were detected. Results Forty days after the injection,serious inflammatory cell infiltration and demyelination occurred in the brain and spinal cord of EAE group,whereas demyelination and axonal injury were improved in ADMSC group and ADMSC-SPK1 group.Compared with EAE group,the ADMSC group and ADMSC-SPK1 group had significantly improved levels of IL-17A(


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue/cytology , Animals , Cytokines , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/therapy , Interleukin-17 , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/cytology , Th17 Cells/cytology , Transfection
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878394

ABSTRACT

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the oral mucosa. The prevalence rate of OLP in adults is 0.5%-2%. The etiology and pathogenesis of OLP are still unclear. The pathogenesis of OLP may be related to the genetic polymorphism of some genes. Currently, the gene families, including tumor necrosis factor, interferon, interleukin, enzyme, and receptor, have been extensively studied. This work reviews related studies on gene polymorphism of OLP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral/genetics , Mouth Mucosa , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
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