Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 186
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 13-24, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913164

ABSTRACT

Tumor immune checkpoint therapy is a clinical treatment strategy developed based on the new principle of the inhibition of negative immune regulation. In this article, the tumor immune checkpoint therapy and the drug delivery strategies were reviewed, mainly including immunity and tumor therapy, tumor immune checkpoint therapy and its mechanism of action, clinical application of tumor immune checkpoint therapy and therapeutic drugs, immune resistance of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1)/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PDL1) treatment and countermeasures, drug delivery strategies for tumor immune checkpoint therapeutic agents, etc. As a revolutionary new immunotherapy strategy, tumor immune checkpoint therapy has shown obvious superior therapeutic efficacy in a variety types of tumor. However, tumor immune checkpoint therapy is also faced with a big challenge, namely, immunotherapy resistance. With the discovery of new mechanism, the continuous development of new therapeutic drugs and delivery strategies, tumor immune checkpoint therapy is expected to further improve the clinical efficacy of tumor.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923537

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the effect of cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) on cognitive function for old patients with mild cognitive impairment.Methods A total of 40 old inpatients with mild cognitive impairment in 2018 and 2019 were randomly divided into control group (n = 20) and treatment group (n = 20). Both groups accepted routine medication (without cognitive drugs), and the treatment group accepted CES in addition, for eight weeks. They were assessed with modified Barthel Index (MBI) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) by two researchers single-blind before treatment, and four and eight weeks after treatment. The control group accepted free CES after trial.Results For MoCA score, the main effect was significant in time (F = 5.603, P = 0.007), not significant in group (F = 2.160, P = 0.150), and the effect of interaction was significant (F = 9.160, P < 0.001), which was more in the treatment group than in the control group. For MBI score, the main effects were not significant both in time (F = 0.322, P = 0.726) and in group (F = 0.009, P = 0.925), nor the effect of interaction (F = 0.322, P = 0.726). No adverse reactions occurred during CES intervention.Conclusion CES may be effective on mild cognitive impairment in old patients.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 484-491, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922913

ABSTRACT

The quality difference of pharmaceutical excipients from different sources affects the molding properties of the powder, resulting in changes in the properties of the final product. In this study, the critical quality attributes of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) with different specifications from two manufacturers (manufacturer A and manufacturer B) were characterized including particle size, physical morphology, viscosity and powder physical quality attributes. Aminophylline, diclofenac sodium, and metformin hydrochloride were utilized as model drugs with different solubility to prepare sustained-release tablets, and the effect of HPMC from different sources on drug release of sustained-release tablets in vitro was investigated. The results showed that HPMC with the same viscosity specification from different sources had outstanding differences in the physicochemical properties (including particle size, physical morphology, viscosity, dimension, compressibility and powder flow), which could change the hardness and friability of the sustained-release tablets. The differences in the physicochemical properties of HPMC had different effects on the dissolution of different sustained-release tablets in vitro. It had no significant effect on the release of easily soluble aminophylline and metformin hydrochloride, but had a greater impact on the release of poorly soluble diclofenac sodium. Compared with manufacturer A, the sustained-release effect of matrix tablets prepared by HPMC from manufacturer B was more excellent. The results of this study will provide a theoretical reference on selecting the appropriate excipients for formulation design.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905971

ABSTRACT

Objective:To carry out germplasm resource evaluation and new variety breeding of <italic>Murraya paniculata</italic> and improve the germplasm quality, so as to ensure the demand, yield and quality of medicinal materials. Method:Following resource investigation and collection, 17 traits of 107 <italic>M. paniculata</italic> germplasm samples, like plant type, basal diameter, leaf shape, leaf length, and leaf width were determined and then subjected to principal component analysis and factor analysis for screening the principal component factors. Nine primary traits were selected as variables for further cluster analysis using Ward's method and Euclidean distance. According to the characteristics of medicinal parts, the core germplasms were screened out. Then the contents of auxin, zeatin, zeatin nucleoside, isopentenyl adenine, isopentenyl adenine riboside, dihydrozeatin, and dihydrozeatinriboside in the leaves were measured by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS), followed by their correlation analysis with agronomic trait. Result:The variation coefficients of petiole length, branching number, and basal diameter were large. The nine main factors could be classified into four categories, with a contribution rate of 72.822%. The cluster analysis with Ward's method and Euclidean distance showed that 107 germplasm samples were clustered into six clusters and 61 core germplasms were identified. Such traits as leaf length, leaf width, petiole length, leaf surface, and petiole color were found to play an important role in the classification of <italic>M. paniculata</italic> germplasms. The content of zeatin nucleoside exhibited significant positive correlations with leaf length (<italic>P</italic><0.01), petiole length (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and leaf width (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:These results have laid the foundation for further selection and breeding of <italic>M. paniculata</italic> new varieties.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905891

ABSTRACT

Depression is a threat to human health due to high incidence, recurrence, and disability rates. At present, the complex etiology and pathogenesis of depression are still unclear, and such hypotheses as monoamine neurotransmitters and their receptor abnormality, hyperactivity of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, inflammation, and neuron damage and remodeling have been put forward. Anti-depressants developed based on the pathogenesis have a certain effect, but there also exist some problems like low cure rate, poor compliance, relapse after discontinuation, and obvious side effects. According to Zhongjing's theory, depression falls into the categories of depression syndrome, visceral agitation, insomnia, and lily disease, and it is mainly located in the liver, involving the spleen, heart, and kidney. The pathogenesis mainly lies in qi stagnation and zang-fu organ dysfunction. Attention should be focused on regulating qi and relieving depression. Zhongjing's antidepressant prescriptions have exhibited good clinical efficacy in the treatment of depression, reflecting the multi-pathway action advantages of Chinese herbs. Based on the pathogenesis of depression and domestic and foreign literature on the intervention of depression with Zhongjing's prescriptions available in the past 20 years, this paper summarized the mechanisms of Zhongjing's prescriptions against depression from the experimental and clinical research aspects, in order to provide reference for clinical treatment of depression with Zhongjing's prescriptions.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921083

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The rising prevalence of multiple chronic diseases is an important public health issue as it is associated with increased healthcare utilisation. This paper aimed to explore the annual per capita healthcare cost in primary care for patients with multiple chronic diseases (multimorbidity).@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in a cluster of public primary care clinics in Singapore. De-identified data from electronic medical records were extracted from July 2015 to June 2017. Only patients with at least 1 chronic disease were included in the study. Basic demographic data and healthcare cost were extracted. A list of 20 chronic diseases was considered for multimorbidity.@*RESULTS@#There were 254,377 patients in our study population, of whom 52.8% were female. The prevalence of multimorbidity was 62.4%. The median annual healthcare cost per capita for patients with multimorbidity was about twice the amount compared to those without multimorbidity (SGD683 versus SGD344). The greatest percentage increment in cost was when the number of chronic diseases increased from 2 to 3 (43.0%).@*CONCLUSION@#Multimorbidity is associated with higher healthcare cost in primary care. Since evidence for the optimal management of multimorbidity is still elusive, prevention or delay in the onset of multimorbidity in the general population is paramount.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Care Costs , Humans , Prevalence , Primary Health Care , Retrospective Studies , Singapore/epidemiology
7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 817-823, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of acteoside on the expressions of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in the renal tissue of diabetic nephropathy mice.Methods:Among 20 healthy 8-week old C57BL/6J mice, 5 mice were randomly selected as normal control group, the rest were established as type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) models by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin (STZ, 150 mg/kg). T1DM mice were randomly divided into three groups: 5 mice without treatment, 5 mice treated with acteoside and 5 mice treated with irbesartan. After continuous administration for 8 weeks, serum, urine, and kidney tissue were collected for biochemical, pathological, and related mRNA and protein detection. The renal tubular epithelial cells (NRK-52E cells) were divided into control group (1 g/L glucose), high glucose group (4.5 g/L glucose) and high glucose+acteoside group (4.5 g/L glucose+32 μmol/L acteoside). Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to assess the expressions of HMGB1 and NF-κB after 48 hours and 72 hours culturing.Results:Compared with normal control group, blood glucose, 24-hour quantitative urinary protein, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (Scr) and blood and urine HMGB1 were significantly increased in model group (all P<0.05), along with interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration and messangial matrix expantion, and the expressions of HMGB1 and NF-κB were significantly enhanced (all P<0.05). Compared with model group, histopathologic changes were alleviated and the mRNA and protein expression levels of HMGB1 and NF-κB were lower in the acteoside group (all P<0.05), while the blood glucose level was maintained at high level ( P>0.05), excluding reduced quantitative 24-hour urinary protein, BUN, Scr, and serum and urine HMGB1 (all P<0.05). Compared with control group, the mRNA and protein expressions of HMGB1 and NF-κB were increased in high glucose group of NRK-52E cells (all P<0.05). Compared with high glucose group, the mRNA and protein expressions of HMGB1 and NF-κB in high glucose+acteoside group were down-regulated (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Acteoside may alleviate the nephropathy in STZ-induced diabetic nephropathy mice by down-regulating the expressions of HMGB1 and NF-κB.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 376-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881520

ABSTRACT

Objective At present, the novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) pandemic is still raging in certain regions around the globe, and the prevention and control of the pandemic should be strengthened. Under the challenges of respective social environment and allocation of medical resources, and support from the inertia and inherent productivity of the system on which the industry depends, extensive attempts are being delivered to push forward the work of organ donation and transplantation in each country. Under the guidance of national experts and committee members, Shanxi Provincial Human Organ Procurement and Allocation Service Center was established on August 28, 2018 approved by the former Shanxi Provincial Health and Family Planning Commission. It is the only independent non-profit medical institution in Shanxi Province. In this article, the system construction of citizen's organ donation and transplantation fitting national and provincial conditions was further explored according to the data analysis of organ donation and transplantation in the United States and Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic combined with the implementation of organ donation work in Shanxi Provincial Human Organ Procurement and Allocation Service Center.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923818

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of short-term blood flow restriction (BFR) based on limb linkage training on cardiopulmonary endurance, lower limb muscle endurance and balance function of healthy people. Methods From December, 2019 to March, 2020, 20 healthy young people were randomly divided into control group (n = 10) and experimental group (n = 10). They accepted limb linkage training with the loading of anaerobic threshold (AT) according to the results of cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), 20 minutes a time, three times a week, for two weeks; while the experimental group wore 250 mmHg blood pressure training belt at the root of both thighs; the control group wore blood pressure training belt with no pressure. They were assessed with CPET, 6-minute walking test, wall squatting, seat test and functional reach test before and after training. Results After training, all the indexes improved in both groups (|t| > 2.321, P < 0.05), except functional reach test, the results of wall squatting and seat test were better in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 2.660, P < 0.05). Conclusion Limb linkage training combined with lower extremity BFR could further improve lower limb muscle endurance.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923802

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of short-term blood flow restriction (BFR) based on limb linkage training on cardiopulmonary endurance, lower limb muscle endurance and balance function of healthy people. Methods From December, 2019 to March, 2020, 20 healthy young people were randomly divided into control group (n = 10) and experimental group (n = 10). They accepted limb linkage training with the loading of anaerobic threshold (AT) according to the results of cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), 20 minutes a time, three times a week, for two weeks; while the experimental group wore 250 mmHg blood pressure training belt at the root of both thighs; the control group wore blood pressure training belt with no pressure. They were assessed with CPET, 6-minute walking test, wall squatting, seat test and functional reach test before and after training. Results After training, all the indexes improved in both groups (|t| > 2.321, P < 0.05), except functional reach test, the results of wall squatting and seat test were better in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 2.660, P < 0.05). Conclusion Limb linkage training combined with lower extremity BFR could further improve lower limb muscle endurance.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1057-1062, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To st udy the improvement effects and its mechan ism of alisol B 23-acetate on glycolipid metabolism disorder in obesity model mice. METHODS :The mice was given high-fat diet for 10 weeks to induce obesity model. Model mice were randomly divided into model group ,orlistat group (positive control ,15.6 mg/kg), alisol B 23-acetate low-dose , medium-dose and high-dose groups (7.5,15,30 mg/kg),with 10 mice in each group. Another 10 mice fed with normal diet were set as normal group. The mice in normal group and model group were given water intragastrically ,and administration groups were given the corresponding drugs intragastrically ,with the volume of 20 mL/kg,once a day ,for consecutive 4 weeks. After last medication,body weight ,waist circumference ,body fat ,muscle and body fluid mass were measured ;the serum levels of blood lipids indicators (TC,TG,HDL-C,LDL-C)and blood glucose were determined. The levels of PPAR-γ,NF-κB and IL-6 in liver tissue as well as serum level of TNF-α were determined by ELISA. The pathomorphological changes of visceral fat and liver tissue in mice were observed by HE staining. RESULTS :Compared with normal group ,body weight ,waist circumference ,body fat and body fluid mass were significantly increased in model group (P<0.01);serum levels of TC ,TG,HDL-C,blood glucose and TNF-α,the levels of PPAR-γ,NF-κB and IL-6 in liver tissue were increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01);the structure of adipocytes was ruptured ,the volume of adipocytes was increased ,accompanied by inflammatory cell infiltration ;a large number of liver cells were edema ,and cytoplasm was loose and light stained,accompanied by fatty degeneration. Compared with model group ,the body weight ,body fat and body fluid mass as well as serum le vels of TG and TNF-α in alisol B 23-acetate groups were significantly reduced (P<0.01);the levels of TC and blood glucose in serum ,IL-6 in liver tissue were significantly decreased in alisol B 23-acetate medium-dose and high-dose groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01),and the level of PPAR-γ in liver tissue was increased significantly(P<0.05 or P<0.01); the waist circumference and NF-κB levels in liver tissue in alisol B 23-acetate high-dose group were decreased significantly (P< 0.01);serum level of HDL-C in alisol B 23-acetate medium-dose group were decreased significantly (P<0.01);the adipocytes were closely arranged and small in size ;the hepatocytes were mild to moderate swelling ,a small amount of cytoplasm was loose , light stained or vacuolated ,and a small number of hepatocytes were accompanied by steatosis and small focal infiltration of inflammatory cells. CONCLUSIONS :Alisol B 23-acetate can improve the disorder of glucose and lipid metabolism in obesity model mice ,and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of PPAR-γ,NF-κB,IL-6 levels in liver tissue and TNF-α levels in serum.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 583-586, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876406

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To identify the latent classes of various health risk behaviors among medical students and further analyze the correlation between different classes and depression.@*Methods@#Using the method of convenient sampling, 2 014 medical students were selected from Anhui Medical University in October 2018. Self-designed online questionnaire were used to collect demographic data, health risk behavior (including smoking, drinking, suicide, sleep disorders, mobile phone dependence and lack of exercise) and depressive symptoms. Latent Class Analysis was used to cluster individuals. Logistic regression was provided to further analyze the association between health risk behaviors and depressive symptoms for the groups.@*Results@#The health hazard behaviors of medical students could be divided into three separate classes: substance dependence group (8.4%), mobile phone dependence group (22.4%) and low-risk group (69.2%). The distribution of health risk behaviors of medical students with different gender, major, grade, only child,father s educational level,monthly living expenses, academic achievement and number of friends were statistically significant (χ 2=99.37,19.07,12.05,6.64,14.28,19.35,20.61,26.39,P<0.05). The results of Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for gender, major, grade, only child, father s educational level,monthly living expenses, academic achievement and number of friends, the mobile phone dependence group was positively correlated with depressive symptoms (β=1.75, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Different ratent classes of health risk behaviors have different correlation with depressive symptoms in groups.It is suggested that school health workers should make individualized intervention plan for different types of health hazard behavior of medical students in the future educational activities, carry out stratified intervention, alleviate the symptoms of depression and promote the mental health of medical students.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907906

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of interventional treatment for neonatal critical pulmonary stenosis(NCPS).Methods:Clinical data of 12 neonates with NCPS who received percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (PBPV) from January 2016 to December 2019 in Department of Cardiology, Shenzhen Children′s Hospital were summarized and analyzed.The collected data included transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), percutaneous oxygen saturation (SPO 2), relevant data on interventional surgery, and follow-up results. Results:All 12 neonates with NCPS received PBPV successfully.The postoperative pressure difference between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery ranged from 8 to 35 mmHg[(20±7) mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa]. The postoperative SPO 2 ranged from 74%-100%[(93.0±5.9)%]. Three neonates with NCPS received Blalock-Taussig (B-T) shunt.One neonate with NCPS developed supraventricular tachycardia during the operation.There was no death for these 12 neonates with NCPS. Conclusions:Interventional treatment of neonates with NCPS could achieve a better effect and be employed as the first treatment option.Some neonates with NCPS would require cardiac B-T shunt or patent ductus arteriosus stent implantation.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 673-675, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821897

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the prevalence and associated factors of non learning-based screen time of 4-6 grade school students in Beijing, and to provide a basic data for further research on hazard control measures such as myopia, overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Beijing.@*Methods@#Multistage stratified random cluster sampling method was adopted. A total of 2 515 primary school students were randomly selected in from schools in Beijing, self-developed questionnaire was used to investigate on the time for each electronic products usage for non-learning purpose, the total of electronic products usage every day and other information.@*Results@#The rates of screen time >15 minutes each time and ≥1 h daily were 48.43%, 22.90%, respectively. Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that ordinary school, 6 th grade, male, single-parent family and other types of family, and lack of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity at weekend were associated with the students’ non learning-based screen time (OR=1.66, 2.28, 1.27, 1.44, 1.87, 2.20, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The situation of excessive screen time of primary school students was improved in Beijing, but still be prevelent, male students of grade 4 should be given more attention, and more importance should be attached to the offect of family in children.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 327-343, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787625

ABSTRACT

Our recent studies demonstrated that the natural product nobiletin (NOB) served as a promising multidrug resistance (MDR) reversal agent and improved the effectiveness of cancer chemotherapy . However, low aqueous solubility and difficulty in total synthesis limited its application as a therapeutic agent. To tackle these challenges, NOB was synthesized in a high yield by a concise route of six steps and fourteen derivatives were synthesized with remarkable solubility and efficacy. All the compounds showed improved sensitivity to paclitaxel (PTX) in P-glycoprotein (P-gp) overexpressing MDR cancer cells. Among them, compound exhibited water solubility 280-fold higher than NOB. A drug-resistance A549/T xenograft model showed that at a dose of 50 mg/kg co-administered with PTX (15 mg/kg), inhibited tumor growth more effective than NOB and remarkably increased PTX concentration in the tumors P-gp inhibition. Moreover, Western blot experiments revealed that inhibited expression of NRF2, phosphorylated ERK and AKT in MDR cancer cells, thus implying of multiple mechanisms to reverse MDR in lung cancer.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823994

ABSTRACT

Wutou-Gancao herb-pair is extensively used to attenuate the toxicity and enhance the efficacy of aconite. In this study, potential synergic mechanism of the herb pair was investigated by utilizing multiple ap-proaches. In silico and in vitro Caco-2 cell models were applied to study the potential binding mode of bioactive ingredients existing in liquorice with P-glycoprotein (P-gp), as well as the inhibition effects on P-gp. Additionally, anti-inflammatory activity of aconitine (AC) combined with active ingredients of liquorice, as well as pharmacokinetic patterns of AC after co-administration was investigated. Anti-inflammatory effect of AC (1 mg/kg) in rats was enhanced in combination with bioactive ingredients of liquorice (10 mg/kg). In the meanwhile, the exposure of AC in vivo was altered, in terms of Cmax and AUC. For instance, the Cmax and AUC were increased to 1.9 and 1.3 folds, respectively, when used in combination with liquiritigenin. The in silico study revealed the potential binding mode with outward facing conformation of P-gp. The resulting data obtained from transport of rhodamine-123 (Rh-123) across Caco-2 cell monolayer further indicated that the function of P-gp was inhibited by chemicals in liquorice. The synergic effect was therefore proposed to be attributed to inhibition of P-gp by liquorice since AC has been demonstrated to be the substrate of P-gp. The resuls revealed that potential synergic mechanism of Wutou-Gancao herb-pair by inhibiting function of key efflux transporter P-gp to enhance the exposure of AC in systematic circulation, and further the anti-inflammatory effect, which helps clarify the compatibility rationale of these two herbs.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873345

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of modified Erchentang on the expression of CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL) 8-CXC chemotaxis factor receptor (CXCR) 1/2 genes in the lung tissue of rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), in order to explore the anti-inflammatory molecular mechanism of Erchentang on COPD. Method:Forty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, Jizhi syrup group and modified Erchentang group. COPD models in rats were prepared by cigarette smoke and dripping lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the trachea. After modeling, normal and model groups were intragastrically given normal saline solution, Jizhi syrup group was given Jizhi syrup(10 g·kg-1),and modified Erchentang group was given intragastrically corresponding herbal drugs (10 g·kg-1) for 14 days. The levels of chemokines CXCL1, CXCL8 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in rat bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). The mRNA expressions of CXCL8, CXCR1 and CXCR2 were detected by quantitative real time PCR (Real-time PCR). Western blot was used to detect the levels of CXCL8, CXCR1 and CXCR2 protein, the pathological changes of lung tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining,and immunohistochemistry (IHC) method was used to detect the expressions of CXCL8, CXCR1 and CXCR2 protein in the lung tissue of all the groups. Result:The levels of chemokines CXCL1, CXCL8 in rats BALF were increased significantly (P<0.01), the expressions of CXCL8,CXCR1 and CXCR2 mRNA and protein were increased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01) in model group compared with normal group. Compared with model group, the expressions of CXCL8, CXCR1 and CXCR2 mRNA and protein were decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the levels of chemokines CXCL1, CXCL8 in rats BALF were decreased significantly (P<0.01) in modified Erchentang. Conclusion:Modified Erchentang has an anti-inflammatory effect on COPD. The mechanism may be related to inhibiting the expressions of CXCL8, CXCR1, CXCR2 mRNA and protein, and reducing the release of chemokines CXCL1, CXCL8.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873269

ABSTRACT

Setariae Fructus Germinatus (Guya) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, which has been used for thousands of years. In ancient and modern books and works, the name is often confused because of its complicated relationship with the origin. In order to clarify the name and source of Guya, the authors examined the name, origin and processing history of Guya through consulting ancient Chinese herbal books, modern Chinese medicine monographs, calendar edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia and the processing standards of various provinces, and found that different regions in China used Guya according to their local habits, resulting in the foreign body of the same name of Guya, lacking a unified standard. It is suggested that changing the name of Guya to Suya is more practical, and is conducive to the quality standard research and clinical accurate application of Guya.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873140

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), as a common respiratory disease characterized by progressive development, not only has the incidence increased year by year, but also has a high disability and mortality rate, which brings serious economic burden to patients. Immune response plays an important role in the pathogenesis of COPD. Studies have shown that COPD is closely related to the disorder of autoimmune function, and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) interferes with the disease process of COPD by mediating immune response. This paper mainly contains four kinds of research contents of TCM intervention on COPD immune response, namely T lymphocyte subsets count, immunoglobulin count, Th17/Treg dynamic balance, Th1/Th2 dynamic balance and related signaling pathways. In order to provide new reference and ideas for experimental research, a brief review is made at the end of this paper.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872819

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of modified Erchentang on levels of interleukin-12 (IL-12), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-9 (IL-9), interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-13 (IL-13) in plasma and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of all rats, as well as expressions of interleukin-4 (IL-4) receptor (IL-4R1) and interleukin-13 (IL-13) receptor (IL-13RA1) in bronchioles tissue of rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Method:Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, namely normal group, model group, and low, middle and high-dose modified Erchentang groups (5, 10, 20 g·kg-1), with 10 rats in each group. COPD in rat was prepared by using cigarette smoke combined with dripping lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in trachea. After the modeling, normal and model groups were given normal saline solution through intragastric (ig) administration, while other groups were given corresponding herbal drugs (5, 10, 20 g·kg-1) intragastrically (ig) for 14 days. The levels of IL-12, IFN-γ, IL-9, IL-4 and IL-13 in plasma and BALF were detected by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) method was used to detect the expressions of IL-4R1 and IL-13RA1 in bronchioles tissue of all of the groups. Result:Compared with the normal group, the levels of IL-12 and IFN-γ were decreased significantly (P<0.01), but the levels of IL-9, IL-4 and IL-13 in plasma and BALF were significantly increased (P<0.01), and the expressions of IL-4R1 and IL-13RA1 in bronchioles tissue were increased significantly (P<0.01) in model group. Compared with the model group, the levels of IL-12 and IFN-γ were increased significantly, while the levels of IL-9, IL-4 and IL-13 in plasma and BALF were decreased significantly (P<0.01), and the expressions of IL-4R1 and IL-13RA1 in bronchioles tissue were decreased significantly (P<0.01) in modified Erchentang groups (10, 20 g·kg-1). Conclusion:Modified Erchentang has effects in resisting inflammatory and protecting tissue structure of bronchioles. Its mechanism may be correlated with increasing the levels of IL-12, IFN-γ and reducing the levels of IL-9, IL-4 and IL-13 in plasma and BALF, and inhibiting the expressions of IL-4R1 and IL-13RA1 in bronchioles tissue.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL