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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 109-118, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006561

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe active ingredients, action targets, and signaling pathways of Cuscutae Semen to control premature ovarian failure were initially predicted by network pharmacology and molecular docking techniques, and an animal model of premature ovarian failure was constructed to explore the mechanism of Cuscutae Semen based on lipid and atherosclerosis signaling pathways. MethodThe effective components and corresponding targets of drugs were obtained from Traditional Chinese Medicines Systems Pharmacology Platform (TCMSP), Swiss Target Prediction, Pharmmapper, and other databases. GeneCards database was used to collect disease-related targets. Venny2.1.0 online tool was used to screen out the intersection targets of drugs and diseases, and STRING database and Cytoscape v3.7.2 software were used to construct the network diagram of "drug-component-target" and protein-protein interaction (PPI). The gene ontology (GO) and the Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses of the intersection targets were performed by running the R language script. The molecular docking technology was utilized to dock drug components with targets and visualize some of the docking results. The mice were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a Cuscutae Semen group, and an estradiol valerate group, and the ovarian premature failure model was prepared by chronic stress. The blank group and the model group were gavaged with the same amount of normal saline, and the Cuscutae Semen group was given a Cuscutae Semen decoction of 2.6 g·kg-1·d-1. The estradiol valerate group was given an estradiol valerate solution of 0.13 mg·kg-1·d-1. After four weeks, samples were collected, and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe the histopathological changes in the ovary. Serum levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2), Muller's tube inhibitor/anti-Muller's tube hormone (AMH), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression levels of extracellular regulatory protein kinase (ERK), nuclear transcription factor-κB p65 (NF-κB p65), nuclear transcription factor-κB suppressor α (IκBα), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured by Western blot. ResultA total of 171 targets of Cuscutae Semen for the prevention and treatment of premature ovarian failure were screened, mainly including tumor protein p53 (TP53), protein kinase B1 (Akt1), sarcoma (SRC), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), etc. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis predicts that Cuscutae Semen is mainly involved in lipid and atherosclerosis, TNF signaling pathway, and TP53 signaling pathway to control premature ovarian failure. The animal experiments show that compared with the premature ovarian failure model group, the Cuscutae Semen group can significantly upregulate AMH, E2, and HDL-C (P<0.05, P<0.01), significantly downregulate LH, TC, and LDL-C (P<0.01), greatly reduce IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α protein levels, as well as ERK, NF-κB p65, and their phosphorylation levels (P<0.01). ConclusionCuscutae Semen can regulate hormone levels and improve ovarian function through a multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway approach, and the mechanism may be related to the regulation of lipid and atherosclerosis signaling pathways.

2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 72-80, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009896

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To understand the growth and development status and differences between small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) preterm infants during corrected ages 0-24 months, and to provide a basis for early health interventions for preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted, selecting 824 preterm infants who received regular health care at the Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from July 2019 to July 2022, including 144 SGA and 680 AGA infants. The growth data of SGA and AGA groups at birth and corrected ages 0-24 months were analyzed and compared.@*RESULTS@#The SGA group had significantly lower weight and length than the AGA group at corrected ages 0-18 months (P<0.05), while there were no significant differences between the two groups at corrected age 24 months (P>0.05). At corrected age 24 months, 85% (34/40) of SGA and 79% (74/94) of AGA preterm infants achieved catch-up growth. Stratified analysis by gestational age showed that there were significant differences in weight and length at corrected ages 0-9 months between the SGA subgroup with gestational age <34 weeks and the AGA subgroups with gestational age <34 weeks and 34 weeks (P<0.05). In addition, the weight and length of the SGA subgroup with gestational age 34 weeks showed significant differences compared to the AGA subgroups with gestational age <34 weeks and 34 weeks at corrected ages 0-18 months and corrected ages 0-12 months, respectively (P<0.05). Catch-up growth for SGA infants with gestational age <34 weeks and 34 weeks mainly occurred at corrected ages 0-12 months and corrected ages 0-18 months, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#SGA infants exhibit delayed early-life physical growth compared to AGA infants, but can achieve a higher proportion of catch-up growth by corrected age 24 months than AGA infants. Catch-up growth can be achieved earlier in SGA infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks compared to those with 34 weeks.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Child , Infant , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Infant, Premature , Gestational Age , Longitudinal Studies , Retrospective Studies , Infant, Small for Gestational Age
3.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 605-609, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004794

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze ABO system hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) and its influencing factors in Obstetrics Department of our hospital. 【Methods】 The blood samples of 1 040 neonates and their mothers in the obstetric department of our hospital were retrospectively analyzed from September 2022 to January 2023, including ABO and RhD blood group of the neonates and mothers, as well as 3 tests of HDFN, Hb, total bilirubin (TBIL) and indirect bilirubin(IBIL) of the neonates. Relevant clinical data of the neonates and mothers were collected, including maternal and neonatal age, neonatal sex, maternal pregnancy history, gestational age and delivery mode, and their influences on ABO-HDFN were analyzed. 【Results】 Among 1 040 HDFN samples, 298 were ABO incompatibility, among which 113 were HDFN positive, with a positive rate of 37.9% (113/298); the positive rate of HDFN in neonates born to mothers with type O was significantly higher than that in neonates born to mothers with type A and B (71.4% vs 8.2%, P<0.05); the positive rate of HDFN in neonates with antigen-A incompatibility was significantly higher than that in neonates with antigen-B incompatibility (48.7%vs 26.7%, P<0.05), which was the highest in neonates with O-A incompatibility [83.6% (61/73)], followed by O-B incompatibility [58.2% (39/67)]. There was no significant difference in Hb and bilirubin among the other groups except for the difference of Hb between the O-A incompatibility HDFN positive group and the HDFN negative group [(145.0±16.0) vs(153.4±13.2), P<0.05)]. The levels of Hb, TBIL and IBIL in the "direct antiglobulin test+ indirect antiglobulin test+release test+" group were significantly different from those in the HDFN negative group[(144.9±21.6) vs (153.3±13.2), P <0.05; (36.9±11.8) vs (29.6±6.1), P<0.05; (30.6±12.7) vs (23.0±6.9), P<0.05, respectively]. Logistic regression analysis showed that maternal delivery frequency, mother-neonate incompatible antigen and maternal blood type were independent risk factors for HDFN. 【Conclusion】 ABO-HDFN occurred mainly in neonates born to O-type mothers, and the positive rate was the highest in neonates with O-A incompatibility. The severity of HDFN had little relationship with the mother-neonate blood type, but had relationship with the result of 3 tests of HDFN. Maternal delivery frequency, mother-neonate incompatible antigen and maternal blood type were independent risk factors for HDFN.

4.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 898-902, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004717

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the changes of platelet components(PC), apheresis platelets (AP) and pooled platelet concentrates (PPC) production of 19 provincial blood centers before and during the COVID-19 epidemic. 【Methods】 The data related to the collection of AP and the preparation of PPC from 2016 to 2021 of 19 provincial blood centers was collected. The production of PC, AP and PPC during the four years before the epidemic (i.e. 2016-2019) and during the COVID-19 epidemic (i.e. 2020 and 2021) were calculated respectively, and the change of production was analyzed. 【Results】 The total production of PC in 19 blood centers steadily increased from 2016 to 2019, with a decrease of 4.16% in 2020 and an increase of 15.60% in 2021, exceeding the output before the COVID-19 epidemic. In 2020, the production of PC of 42.11% (8/19) blood centers decreased compared with 2019, while 94.74% (18/19) in 2021 increased compared with 2020. The changes of AP output was basically consistent with the trend of PC. The total production of PPC in 2017 and 2018 both doubled compared to the previous year, while decreased by 67.98% in 2019, increased by 30.38% in 2020 and decreased by 27.08% in 2021. 【Conclusion】 The total production of PC kept increasing steadily between 2016 and 2019, but decreased in 2020 under the COVID-19 epidemic, with some blood centers being significantly affected. In 2021, with the strong support from government and various measures by blood centers, the total production of PC increased.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1323-1327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978627

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy(DR)is the main cause of substantial visual impairment of occupational active individuals in the world, which has become one of the most common eye diseases that lead to irreversible visual impairment of the working population. Precise identification and accurate intervention of early DR lesions are of great significance to block or delay the development of this disease. Recent studies have shown that DR nerve injury occurs before retinal microangiopathy, it has a series of characteristic clinical manifestations, such as dark adaptation delay, contrast sensitivity and decreased tone discrimination. These characteristic clinical manifestations are key events in the early stage of DR, which are closely related to apoptosis, glial cell proliferation, oxidative stress, inflammation, excitotoxicity of glutamate and imbalance of neurotrophic factors. In this paper, the research progress of DR nerve damage and its related factors are reviewed in order to provide new ideas for the prevention and treatment of DR.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1164-1179, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971748

ABSTRACT

Sepsis-induced liver injury (SILI) is an important cause of septicemia deaths. BaWeiBaiDuSan (BWBDS) was extracted from a formula of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, Lilium brownie F. E. Brown ex Miellez var. viridulum Baker, Polygonatum sibiricum Delar. ex Redoute, Lonicera japonica Thunb., Hippophae rhamnoides Linn., Amygdalus Communis Vas, Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A. DC., and Cortex Phelloderdri. Herein, we investigated whether the BWBDS treatment could reverse SILI by the mechanism of modulating gut microbiota. BWBDS protected mice against SILI, which was associated with promoting macrophage anti-inflammatory activity and enhancing intestinal integrity. BWBDS selectively promoted the growth of Lactobacillus johnsonii (L. johnsonii) in cecal ligation and puncture treated mice. Fecal microbiota transplantation treatment indicated that gut bacteria correlated with sepsis and was required for BWBDS anti-sepsis effects. Notably, L. johnsonii significantly reduced SILI by promoting macrophage anti-inflammatory activity, increasing interleukin-10+ M2 macrophage production and enhancing intestinal integrity. Furthermore, heat inactivation L. johnsonii (HI-L. johnsonii) treatment promoted macrophage anti-inflammatory activity and alleviated SILI. Our findings revealed BWBDS and gut microbiota L. johnsonii as novel prebiotic and probiotic that may be used to treat SILI. The potential underlying mechanism was at least in part, via L. johnsonii-dependent immune regulation and interleukin-10+ M2 macrophage production.

8.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 250-255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971441

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of the first-day suspension method for improving the success rate of construction of nasopharyngeal carcinoma-patient derived organoids (NPC-PDO). Methods: The tumor samples of 14 nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC) patients, i.e.,13 males and 1 female, with a mean age of 43.0±12.0 years old, were collected from the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2022 to July 2022. The tumor samples of 3 patients were digested into single cell suspension and divided into 2 groups, for comparing the efficacy of NPC-PDO construction by the direct inoculation method and the first-day suspension method. The remaining 11 patients were randomized to receive either the direct inoculation method or the first-day suspension method for NPC-PDO construction. The diameter and the number of spheres of NPC-PDO constructed by the two methods were compared by optical microscope; the 3D cell viability detection kit was used to compare the cell viability; the survival rates were compared by trypan blue staining; the success rates of the two construction methods were compared; the number of cases which could be successfully passaged for more than 5 generations and were consistent with the original tissue by pathological examination was counted; and the dynamic changes of cells in suspension overnight were observed by live cell workstation. The independent sample t-test was applied to compare the measurement data of the two groups, and the chi-square test was used to compare the classification data. Results: Compared with the direct inoculation, the diameter and the number of spheres of NPC-PDO constructed by the first-day suspension method were increased, with a higher cell activity, and the success rate of construction was obviously improved (80.0% vs 16.7%, χ2=4.41, P<0.05). In the suspension state, some of the cells aggregated and increased their ability to proliferate. Conclusion: The first-day suspension method can improve the success rate of NPC-PDO construction, especially for those whose original tumor sample size is small.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , China , Microscopy , Organoids , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 542-554, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970491

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of Tangmaikang Granules in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy(DPN). PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP were retrieved for randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Tangmaikang Granules in the treatment of DPN. Cochrane handbook 5.3 was used to evaluate the quality of the inclu-ded studies, and RevMan 5.4.1 and Stata 15.1 were employed to analyze data and test heterogeneity. GRADEpro was used to assess the quality of each outcome index. Clinical effective rate was the major outcome index, while the improvement in numbness of hands and feet, pain of extremities, sluggishness or regression of sensation, sensory conduction velocity(SCV) and motor conduction velocity(MCV) of median nerve and peroneal nerve, fasting blood glucose(FBG), 2 h postprandial blood glucose(2hPBG), and glycated hemoglobin(HbA1c) and incidence of adverse reactions were considered as the minor outcome indexes. A total of 19 RCTs with 1 602 patients were eventually included. The Meta-analysis showed that the improvements in clinical effective rate(RR=1.45, 95%CI[1.32, 1.61], P<0.000 01), pain of extremities(RR=1.70, 95%CI[1.27, 2.27], P=0.000 3), MCV of peroneal nerve(MD=4.08, 95%CI[3.29, 4.86], P<0.000 01) and HbA1c(SMD=-1.23, 95%CI[-1.80,-0.66], P<0.000 1) of Tangmaikang Granules alone or in combination in the experimental group were better than those in the control group. Compared with the conditions in the control group, numbness of hands and feet(RR=1.42, 95%CI[1.12, 1.80], P=0.003), sluggishness or regression of sensation(RR=1.41, 95%CI[1.05, 1.91], P=0.02), SCV of median nerve(MD=4.59, 95%CI[0.92, 8.27], P=0.01), SCV of peroneal nerve(MD=4.68, 95%CI[3.76, 5.60], P<0.000 01) and MCV of median nerve(MD=5.58, 95%CI[4.05, 7.11], P<0.000 01) of Tangmaikang Granules in combination in the experimental group were improved by subgroup analysis. The levels of FBG(MD=-0.57, 95%CI[-1.27, 0.12], P=0.11) and 2hPBG(MD=-0.69, 95%CI[-1.70, 0.33], P=0.18) in the experimental group were similar to those in the control group after treatment with Tangmaikang Granules alone or in combination. There was no difference in the safety(RR=1.28, 95%CI[0.58, 2.82], P=0.54) of Tangmaikang Granules in the treatment of DPN between the experimental group and the control group. Tangmaikang Granules could significantly increase clinical effective rate and nerve conduction velocity as well as improve symptoms of peripheral nerve and blood glucose level, and no serious adverse reactions were identified yet. Further validation was needed in future in large-sample, multicenter, high-quality RCTs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Glucose , Diabetic Neuropathies/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Glycated Hemoglobin , Hypesthesia/drug therapy , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Pain/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/etiology
10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 50-56, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984180

ABSTRACT

Estimation of postmortem interval (PMI) is one of the important research contents in forensic pathology, and it has always been the focus and hot spot of research work. In recent years, scholars at home and abroad have made some research progress in estimating PMI by using ocular tissue. After death, the changes of cornea, aqueous humor, iris, lens, vitreous humor and retina all show time sequence change rule highly related to PMI. This paper reviews the research progress of PMI estimation based on the morphological, biochemical, molecular and genetic material changes of different ocular tissue structures after death, and discusses the existing problems and development trends.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postmortem Changes , Time Factors , Autopsy , Vitreous Body , Forensic Pathology
11.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 13-17, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984174

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the concentration and change characteristics of 1, 5-anhydroglucitol (1, 5-AG) in the vitreous humor of rabbit cadavers with hyperglycemic metabolism, and to explore the value of 1, 5-AG in forensic pathology identification of death caused by hyperglycemic metabolism disorders.@*METHODS@#A diabetic hyperglycemic rabbit model was established by using alloxan. Eighteen rabbits with fasting glucose concentration ≥13.80 mmol/L (experimental group) and 18 healthy rabbits with fasting glucose concentration ≤6.10 mmol/L (control group) were selected. After death from air embolism. The blood samples were collected immediately, and vitreous humor samples were collected at 0 h, 12 h, 24 h and 36 h after death. The concentration of 1, 5-AG in the blood and vitreous humor of rabbits was determined.@*RESULTS@#The blood glucose concentration in the experimental group was (25.10±3.14) mmol/L. At the time of death, there was no significant difference in the concentration of 1, 5-AG in the blood [(0.94±0.20) μg/mL] and in the vitreous humor (0.99±0.05 μg/mL, P>0.05). The concentration of 1, 5-AG in the vitreous humor of the experimental group was lower than that of the corresponding control group at all time points (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference betwwen 1, 5-AG concentration in vitreous humor between earch time point in the experimental group and the control group (P>0.05). Correlation analysis showed that the concentration of 1,5-AG in blood was negatively correlated with blood glucose in both control group and experimental group (control group: r=-0.79, P<0.05; experimental group: r=-0.97, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vitreous humor can replace blood as an effective test sample for 1,5-AG detection. The concentration of 1, 5-AG in rabbit vitreous humor remains stable within 36 hours after death and is not affected by the change of postmortem interval. If the concentration of 1, 5-AG decreases significantly, it indicates the existence of hyperglycemia in rabbits before death.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Postmortem Changes , Vitreous Body/metabolism , Cadaver , Autopsy
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1714-1719, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010027

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the short-term efficacy and adverse reactions of orelabrutinib combined with high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) in the first-line treatment of elderly high-risk primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), as well as the survival of patients.@*METHODS@#Twenty-five elderly patients with high-risk primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma admitted to Fujian Provincial Hospital from June 2016 to June 2022 were enrolled in this study, and complete clinical data from all patients were collected retrospectively, and the cut-off for follow-up was December 2022. 15 patients had received temmozolomide combined with HD-MTX regimen for at least four cycles, sequential lenalidomide maintenance therapy, while 10 patients had received orelabrutinib combined with HD-MTX regimen for at least four cycles, sequential orelabrutinib maintenance therapy. The short-term efficacy and adverse reactions of the two groups of patients after treatment were observed. Kaplan-Meier was used to analyze the progression-free survival (PFS) and time to progression (TTP).@*RESULTS@#The objective response rate (ORR) and 2-year median FPS of orelabrutinib combined with HD-MTX regimen group were similar to the temozolomide combined with HD-MTX regimen group (ORR: 100% vs 66.7%; 2-year median PFS: 16 months vs 15 months, P>0.05). The 2-year median TTP of the orelabrutinib+HD-MTX regimen group was better than that of the temozolomide+HD-MTX regimen group (not reached vs 12 months, P<0.05). There were no significant differences in adverse reactions such as gastrointestinal reactions, bone marrow suppression, liver and kidney damage, cardiotoxicity, pneumonia and bleeding between these two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For elderly patients with high-risk PCNSL, orelabrutinib combined with HD-MTX has reliable short-term efficacy, good safety, and tolerable adverse reactions, which is worthy of clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Methotrexate/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Temozolomide/therapeutic use , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Central Nervous System
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4187-4200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008615

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the mechanism of Qilongtian Capsules in treating acute lung injury(ALI) based on network pharmacology prediction and in vitro experimental validation. Firstly, UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was used to analyze the main chemical components of Qilongtian Capsules, and related databases were used to obtain its action targets and ALI disease targets. STRING database was used to build a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network. Metascape database was used to conduct enrichment analysis of Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG). AutoDock software was used to perform molecular docking verification on the main active components and key targets. Then, the RAW264.7 cells were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide(LPS) for in vitro experiments. Cell viability was measured by MTT and ROS level was measured by DCFH-DA. NO content was measured by Griess assay, and IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α mRNA expression was detected by RT-PCR. The predicted targets were preliminarily verified by investigating the effect of Qilongtian Capsules on downstream cytokines. Eighty-four compounds were identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. Through database retrieval, 44 active components with 589 target genes were screened out. There were 560 ALI disease targets, and 65 intersection targets. PPI network topology analysis revealed 10 core targets related to ALI, including STAT3, JUN, VEGFA, CASP3, and MMP9. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that Qilongtian Capsules mainly exerted an anti-ALI effect by regulating cancer pathway, AGE-RAGE, MAPK, and JAK-STAT signaling pathways. The results of molecular docking showed that the main active components in Qilongtian Capsules, including crenulatin, ginsenoside F_1, ginsenoside Rb_1, ginsenoside Rd, ginsenoside Rg_1, ginsenoside Rg_3, notoginsenoside Fe, notoginsenoside G, notoginsenoside R_1, notoginsenoside R_2, and notoginsenoside R_3, had good binding affinities with the corresponding protein targets STAT3, JUN, VEGFA, CASP3, and MMP9. Cellular experiments showed that Qilongtian Capsules at 0.1, 0.25, and 0.5 mg·mL~(-1) reduced the release of NO, while Qilongtian Capsules at 0.25 and 0.5 mg·mL~(-1) reduced ROS production, down-regulated mRNA expression of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and inhibited the inflammatory cascade. In summary, Qilongtian Capsules may exert therapeutic effects on ALI through multiple components and targets.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Ginsenosides , Caspase 3 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Interleukin-6 , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Reactive Oxygen Species , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Capsules , RNA, Messenger , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology
14.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 330-336, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996162

ABSTRACT

As a form of Tuina(Chinese therapeutic massage)Qigong exercises and an essential part of exercise therapy,static training has proven clinical efficacy.However,further evidence is required to reveal its mechanism of action provided by animal experiments.There are four major ways to establish static training animal models:pole climbing,hind-limb suspension,isometric-contraction weight bearing,and electrical stimulation.These models have been used to study diseases of the motor,circulatory,and endocrine systems,etc.,and the mechanism has got extensive exploration.It reviewed static training animal models and the research progress to provide theoretical evidence for static training's experimental research and mechanism exploration.

15.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 534-537, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958289

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the influence on the results and safety of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) at different combination time.Methods:Patients who received combined DBE procedures in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from April 2019 to August 2020 were divided into the one-day combination group and the non-one-day combination group. The complete enteroscopy rate, time of anterograde approach, time of retrograde approach, total time of combined approach, adverse events, hospital stay and cost were compared.Results:Among 119 patients who received DBE, 23 patients were excluded due to small intestinal stenosis. The complete enteroscopy rate was 92.9% (39/42) in the one-day group and 74.1% (40/54) in the non-one-day group, showing significant difference ( χ2=4.390, P=0.036). There were significant differences in the time of retrograde approach (35.59±23.29 min VS 55.10±19.04 min, t=-4.080, P<0.001), total time of combined approach (89.10±27.82 min VS 114.20±24.55 min, t=-4.254, P<0.001), hospital stay (9.24±3.76 d VS 11.76±4.41 d, t=-2.599, P=0.011) between the two groups. There were no significant differences in the time of anterograde approach, hospital cost or adverse events between the two groups. Conclusion:Combined DBE on one day yields a higher complete enteroscopy rate, less examination time and less hospital stay, which is worth of clinical application.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 113-118, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940734

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a rapid screening method for germplasm materials of Gastrodia elata with high purity, and lay a foundation for pure line breeding and cross breeding. MethodBased on the whole genome sequencing and population resequencing of G. elata, 20 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers were developed by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-RFLP method was used to carry out restriction endonuclease experiments on 20 RFLP markers of 15 G. elata germplasms. According to the number of enzymatic bands at 20 RFLP marker sites, the purity of 15 germplasms was calculated and evaluated. On this basis, genome resequencing technology was used to verify the assessment results. ResultTen germplasm materials with purity greater than 95% were screened out by PCR-RFLP method, 3 of which had 95% purity and 7 had 100% purity. Nine germplasm materials with purity greater than 95% were screened out by genome resequencing methods, and 8 of them were consistent with the results of PCR-RFLP. ConclusionThe PCR-RFLP method established in this study for screening G. elata germplasms with high purity precision of RFLP markers has 80% precision and 89% accuracy. The method is simple, efficient, and significantly less expensive than genome resequencing method, which provides technical support for pure line breeding of G. elata and references for breeding of other Chinese medicinal materials.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 760-764, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze clinical response of the Rituximab-based chemotherapy and prognostic features in patients with primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGDLBCL).@*METHODS@#From June 2008 to December 2020, the data of 53 PGDLBCL patients were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#The median age was 46(25-77) years old in 53 patients including 35 males and 18 females. Stomachache is the most common symptom. The diagnosis were confirmed in 47 patients by endoscopic biopsy and 6 patients by surgery. Twenty-six patients had Ⅰ/Ⅱ1 stage (Lugano staging system) disease and 27 cases had II2/IV stage disease. All patients were treated with chemotherapy, including RCHOP (25/53) and R-DA-EPOCH (28/53). Complete remission rate was 79.2%(42/53). The 3-year and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 77.4% and 69.8%. Univariate analysis showed that lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), Lugano stage and lesion size affected OS. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that IPI score and Lugano stage were independent prognosis risk factors affecting OS. The patients in the R-DA-EPOCH group presented better survival outcomes than those in the RCHOP group with late stage (P5-year OS=0.035).@*CONCLUSION@#Rituximab in combination with chemotherapy is the backbone of therapy for PGDLBCL. IPI score and Lugano stage are independent prognosis risk factors affecting OS of PGDLBCL. R-DA-EPOCH can be superior to R-CHOP as a first-line regimen in PGDLBCL patients with late stage.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
18.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 613-621, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939600

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the prevalence of dry and wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in patients with diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia, and to analyze the risk factors for AMD.@*Methods@#A population-based cross-sectional epidemiologic study was conducted involving 14,440 individuals. We assessed the prevalence of dry and wet AMD in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects and analyzed the risk factors for AMD.@*Results@#The prevalence of wet AMD in diabetic and non-diabetic patients was 0.3% and 0.5%, respectively, and the prevalence of dry AMD was 17% and 16.4%, respectively. The prevalence of wet AMD in healthy, hypertensive, hyperlipidemic, and hypertensive/hyperlipidemic populations was 0.5%, 0.3%, 0.2%, and 0.7%, respectively. The prevalence of dry AMD in healthy, hypertensive, hyperlipidemic, and hypertensive/hyperlipidemic populations was 16.6%, 16.2%, 15.2%, and 17.2%, respectively. Age, sex, body mass index, and use of hypoglycemic drugs or lowering blood pressure drugs were corrected in the risk factor analysis of AMD. Diabetes, diabetes/hypertension, diabetes/hyperlipidemia, and diabetes/hypertension/hyperlipidemia were analyzed. None of the factors analyzed in the current study increased the risk for the onset of AMD.@*Conclusion@#There was no significant difference in the prevalence of wet and dry AMD among diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. Similarly, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of wet and dry AMD among subjects with hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Diabetes co-existing with hypertension and hyperlipidemia were not shown to be risk factors for the onset of dry AMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Hyperlipidemias/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Macular Degeneration/etiology , Risk Factors
19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 346-349, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923537

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the effect of cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) on cognitive function for old patients with mild cognitive impairment.Methods A total of 40 old inpatients with mild cognitive impairment in 2018 and 2019 were randomly divided into control group (n = 20) and treatment group (n = 20). Both groups accepted routine medication (without cognitive drugs), and the treatment group accepted CES in addition, for eight weeks. They were assessed with modified Barthel Index (MBI) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) by two researchers single-blind before treatment, and four and eight weeks after treatment. The control group accepted free CES after trial.Results For MoCA score, the main effect was significant in time (F = 5.603, P = 0.007), not significant in group (F = 2.160, P = 0.150), and the effect of interaction was significant (F = 9.160, P < 0.001), which was more in the treatment group than in the control group. For MBI score, the main effects were not significant both in time (F = 0.322, P = 0.726) and in group (F = 0.009, P = 0.925), nor the effect of interaction (F = 0.322, P = 0.726). No adverse reactions occurred during CES intervention.Conclusion CES may be effective on mild cognitive impairment in old patients.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 484-491, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922913

ABSTRACT

The quality difference of pharmaceutical excipients from different sources affects the molding properties of the powder, resulting in changes in the properties of the final product. In this study, the critical quality attributes of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) with different specifications from two manufacturers (manufacturer A and manufacturer B) were characterized including particle size, physical morphology, viscosity and powder physical quality attributes. Aminophylline, diclofenac sodium, and metformin hydrochloride were utilized as model drugs with different solubility to prepare sustained-release tablets, and the effect of HPMC from different sources on drug release of sustained-release tablets in vitro was investigated. The results showed that HPMC with the same viscosity specification from different sources had outstanding differences in the physicochemical properties (including particle size, physical morphology, viscosity, dimension, compressibility and powder flow), which could change the hardness and friability of the sustained-release tablets. The differences in the physicochemical properties of HPMC had different effects on the dissolution of different sustained-release tablets in vitro. It had no significant effect on the release of easily soluble aminophylline and metformin hydrochloride, but had a greater impact on the release of poorly soluble diclofenac sodium. Compared with manufacturer A, the sustained-release effect of matrix tablets prepared by HPMC from manufacturer B was more excellent. The results of this study will provide a theoretical reference on selecting the appropriate excipients for formulation design.

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