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1.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 147-158, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981600

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically analyze the current status of outcomes reporting in clinical trials on treating stasis acute mastitis with Traditional Chinese Medicine breast massage.Methods We searched CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane library, JBI, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Clinical Trials Registry Platform portal, Clinical Trials Registry, Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, Center Watch Registry from inception to May 15, 2022 to find randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled trials, case series and cohort studies which reported the outcomes of stasis acute mastitis managed with Traditional Chinese Medicine breast massage, with search terms of mastitis, acute mastitis, lactation mastitis, puerperal mastitis, breast problem, breast engorgement, milk stasis, blocked ducked, breast pain, breast massage, and acupoint massage. Outcomes and the measurement schemes (measurement methods, timing of assessing outcome, frequency of assessing outcome, measurers) were extracted from the included studies. We used the Management of Otitis Media with Effusion in Children with Cleft Palate (MOMENT) to assess the quality of each study, then categorized outcomes derived from the included studies into different domains according to the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Arthritis Clinic Trials (OMERACT) Filter 2.1 framework.Results We identified 85 clinical trials, in which 54 different outcomes were reported. A total of 81.2% (69/85) of studies were assessed as medium quality with a mean score of 2.6, and 18.8% (16/85) as low quality with a mean score of 0.9. These outcomes were organized in three core areas. Lump size (89.4%, 76/85) was the most frequently reported outcome, followed by breast pain (69.4%, 59/85) and milk excretion (68.2%, 58/85). Five methods were used to assess lump size and four methods to assess breast pain.Conclusions The outcomes reported in clinical trials regarding stasis acute mastitis treated by Traditional Chinese Medicine breast massage are heterogeneous. Developing a core outcome set to achieve consistent standards for reporting outcomes and modalities for validation of the outcomes is clearly warranted.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Australia , Massage , Mastitis/therapy , Mastodynia , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 707-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982120

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on the prognosis of patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 203 patients with ENKTL admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2011 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The ROC curve determined the limit values of LMR and NLR; Categorical variables were compared using a chi-square test, expressed as frequency and percentage (n,%). Continuous variables were expressed as medians and extremes and compared with the Mann-Whitney U test; Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of different grouped LMR and NLR patients were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier curves and compared with log-rank tests. The COX proportional risk regression model was used to perform one-factor and multi-factor analysis of PFS and OS.@*RESULTS@#The optimal critical values of LMR and NLR were determined by the ROC curve, which were 2.60 and 3.40, respectively. LMR≤2.60 was more likely to occur in patients with bone marrow invasion (P=0.029) and higher LDH (P=0.036), while NLR≥3.40 was more likely to occur in patients with higher ECOG scores (P=0.002), higher LDH (P=0.008), higher blood glucose (P=0.024), and lower PLT (P=0.010). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that PFS and OS of patients in the high LMR group were significantly better than the low LMR group, while PFS and OS in the low NLR group were significantly better than the high NLR group. The results of multivariate COX analysis showed that EBV-DNA positive (P=0.047), LMR≤2.60 (P=0.014), NLR≥3.40 (P=0.023) were independent risk factors affecting PFS in patients with ENKTL. LMR≤2.60 (P<0.001), NLR≥3.40 (P=0.048), and high β2-MG (P=0.013) were independent risk factors affecting OS in patients with ENKTL.@*CONCLUSION@#Low LMR and high NLR before treatment are associated with poor prognosis in patients with ENKTL, which also can be used as an easily testable, inexpensive, and practical prognostic indicator in the clinic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Monocytes/pathology , Neutrophils , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocytes , Prognosis
3.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 37-48, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966538

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Reactive oxygen species in the stria vascularis (SV) of the cochlea may be involved in the pathogenesis of sensorineural hearing loss. However, the effects of oxidative stress on SV endothelial cells (SV-ECs) remain largely unknown, and no feasible in vitro cell culture model exists for the functional study of SV-ECs. @*Methods@#. We isolated primary SV-ECs from the SV of neonatal mice. The apoptosis-reducing effects of fibronectin in SV-ECs cultured with serum-free medium were determined using β-galactosidase staining and flow cytometry. SV-ECs incubated in serum-free medium were treated with various H2O2 concentrations to evaluate the effects of H2O2 on their viability. The secretome of SV-ECs treated with or without H2O2 (100 μM or 500 μM) was analyzed using high-resolution mass spectrometry. The function of the SV-EC secretome was evaluated by a macrophage assay. @*Results@#. We successfully isolated and characterized the SV-ECs. Treatment with H2O2 at concentrations up to 500 μM for 2 hours and further incubation with serum-free medium in plates precoated with fibronectin showed no significant effect on apoptosis. Compared to the control SV-ECs, the amount of differential proteins in the secretome of SV-ECs stimulated with 500 μM H2O2 was much higher than in those treated with 100 μM H2O2. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes and Gene Ontology analyses suggested that the proteins differentially expressed in SV-ECs treated with 500 μM H2O2 were involved in the regulation of multiple signaling pathways and cellular processes. The secretome of H2O2-stimulated SV-ECs exhibited significant pro-inflammatory effects on macrophages. @*Conclusion@#. We successfully established an in vitro serum-free culture method, identified the differential proteins released by oxidative stress-induced ECs and their functions, and revealed the pro-inflammatory effects of the secretome of H2O2-stimulated SV-ECs. Therefore, SV-ECs might elicit immunoregulatory effects on bystander cells in the microenvironment of oxidative stress-induced cochlea, especially cochlear macrophages.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1218-1224, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976500

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of lacrimal canalicular plug in the treatment of severe chronic ocular graft-versus-host disease(coGVHD).METHODS: Retrospective study. A total of 9 patients with severe coGVHD admitted to the dry eye clinic of the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from June to September 2022 were included. All patients underwent binocular inferior lacrimal canaliculus plug. Ocular surface disease index(OSDI)score, tear meniscus height(TMH), corneal fluorescein staining(CFS)scores, conjunctival lisamine green staining(CLGS)score, noninvasive breakup time(NIBUT), Schirmer Ⅰ test(SⅠt)and the infiltration of Langerhans cells in the superficial corneal stroma tested by confocal corneal microscopy were observed before treatment and at 1 and 3 mo after treatment. At the same time, the complications related to lacrimal canalicular plug implantation were evaluated.RESULTS: The OSDI score decreased from 67.33±12.64 before treatment to 21.89±6.07 after 3mo of treatment(P&#x003C;0.01); TMH increased from 0.09±0.02mm to 0.21±0.03mm after 3mo of treatment(P&#x003C;0.05), and NIBUT increased from 2.24±0.68s before treatment to 6.77±2.05s after 3mo of treatment(P&#x003C;0.01). In addition, the CFS and CLGS also changed significantly, from 9.11±1.45 and 6.33±1.00 before treatment to 2.22±0.67 and 2.56±0.88 at 3mo after treatment, respectively(all P&#x003C;0.01). The density of Langerhans cells decreased from 140.22±38.18cells/mm2 before treatment to 39.67±9.75cells/mm2 3mo after treatment(P&#x003C;0.01). SⅠt showed no significant difference before and after treatment(F=0.059, P=0.943). During the whole follow-up period, no complications such as plug abscission were observed.CONCLUSION: Lacrimal canalicular plug is safe and effective in the treatment of severe coGVHD. It can significantly improve the symptoms and signs of dry eye patients and reduce inflammatory reaction.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1179-1184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976492

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the effects of long-term use of clozapine on tear film stability and ocular surface tissue structure.METHODS: Case-control study was conducted on 45 patients(group 1)who were diagnosed with schizophrenia and treated with clozapine for 3.45±0.72a between March 2021 and December 2021. Another 45 healthy subjects(group 2)served as controls, whose demographic characteristics were similar to those of group 1. Patients' dry eye symptoms were investigated using OSDI questionnaire, tear secretion was detected by the Schirmer I test, ocular surface damage was assessed by the ocular surface staining score, and comprehensive ophthalmic examination was performed on all patients through LipiView ocular surface interferometer, ocular surface integrated analyzer, corneal confocal microscope and slit lamp photographic system.RESULTS: Slit-lamp photography showed diffuse grayish-white spot-like opacification in the corneal stroma of group 1, accompanied by brown star-like opacification in the center of the anterior capsule of the lens. OSDI scores were 38.00(31.50, 48.50)and 15.00(9.00, 19.50)in the two groups respectively. Schirmer test showed that the group 1 was 5.27±2.18mm/5min, while group 2 was 15.62±3.05mm/5min. Corneal fluorescein staining score: 4.00(2.50, 5.00)for group 1 and 1.00(0.00, 1.50)for group 2. The lissamine green staining score for the conjunctiva was 9.00(6.50, 10.00)and 3.00(2.00, 3.50)for the two groups, respectively. LipiView detected lipid layer thickness(LLT), suggesting that the results of group 1 and group 2 were similar, respectively 75.91±15.51 and 77.24±12.11nm; and the results were similar for the lid gland deficiency score, with 1.37±0.26 and 1.29±0.31 points, respectively. The mean tear meniscus height in group 1 was 0.13±0.06mm, which was lower than 0.23±0.04mm of group 2. Non-invasive breakup time(NIBUT)was 6.04±2.62 and 11.4±2.74s in group 1 and group 2 respectively. OSDI score, Schirmer Ⅰ test, ocular surface staining score, tear meniscus height and NIBUT were significantly different between the two groups(P&#x003C;0.05). Confocal corneal microscopy suggested decreased corneal nerve fiber density with stromal layer inflammatory cell infiltration and pigmentation in group 1.CONCLUSION: The antipsychotic drug clozapine can induce dry eye with a range of ocular surface injuries such as corneal pigmentation, and patients who taking such drugs should be routinely examined by an ophthalmologist.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 364-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922921

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to study the effect of small molecule compound piceatannol (PIC) on host inflammation in adenine induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) mice, and then to explore its mechanism based on the regulation of gut microbiota. All procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); UPLC-TQ/MS technology was used to monitor the level of proinflammatory uremic toxin indoxyl sulfate (IS) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS); the expression of occludin was tested by Western blot; in vitro anaerobic culture of gut bacteria was used to produce indole; the abundance of gut microbiota was evaluated by 16S rDNA sequencing. The results showed that PIC had no effect on inflammatory infiltration in kidney tissue of CKD mice, but could decrease IL-6 level in blood and IL-6/TNF-α level in colon tissue. PIC did not improve intestinal occludin protein expression in CKD mice; while it could significantly reduce the levels of IS and PCS in blood and liver of CKD mice. Further mechanism studies showed that PIC could inhibit the synthesis of IS precursor indole in gut bacteria. Moreover, PIC could decrease the abundance of gut bacteria which producing uremic toxin, such as reducing the abundance of indole and p-cresol producing gut bacteria. In conclusion, PIC could regulate gut microbiota and inhibit the synthesis of uremic toxin precursor, thereafter reducing the accumulation of IS and PCS in vivo, ultimately relieving the inflammation of CKD mice.

7.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e20-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893742

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection leads to high mortality in swine. Despite extensive efforts, effective treatments against PRV infection are limited. Furthermore, the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013 is unclear. @*Objectives@#Our study aimed to investigate the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013, establish an inflammation model to elucidate the pathogenesis of PRV infection further, and develop effective drugs against PRV infection. @*Methods@#Kunming mice were infected intramuscularly with medium, LPS, and different doses of PRV-GXLB-2013. Viral spread and histopathological damage to brain, spleen, and lung were determined at 7 days post-infection (dpi). Immune organ indices, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), and inflammatory cytokines, as well as levels of activity of COX-2 and iNOS were determined at 4, 7, and 14 dpi. @*Results@#At 105 –106 TCID50 PRV produced obviously neurological symptoms and 100% mortality in mice. Viral antigens were detectable in kidney, heart, lung, liver, spleen, and brain. In addition, inflammatory injuries were apparent in brain, spleen, and lung of PRVinfected mice. Moreover, PRV induced increases in immune organ indices, ROS and NO levels, activity of COX-2 and iNOS, and the content of key pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ and MCP-1. Among the tested doses, 10 2 TCID 50 of PRV produced a significant inflammatory mediator increase. @*Conclusions@#An inflammatory model induced by PRV infection was established in mice, and 102 TCID50 PRV was considered as the best concentration for the establishment of the model.

8.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e20-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901446

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection leads to high mortality in swine. Despite extensive efforts, effective treatments against PRV infection are limited. Furthermore, the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013 is unclear. @*Objectives@#Our study aimed to investigate the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013, establish an inflammation model to elucidate the pathogenesis of PRV infection further, and develop effective drugs against PRV infection. @*Methods@#Kunming mice were infected intramuscularly with medium, LPS, and different doses of PRV-GXLB-2013. Viral spread and histopathological damage to brain, spleen, and lung were determined at 7 days post-infection (dpi). Immune organ indices, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), and inflammatory cytokines, as well as levels of activity of COX-2 and iNOS were determined at 4, 7, and 14 dpi. @*Results@#At 105 –106 TCID50 PRV produced obviously neurological symptoms and 100% mortality in mice. Viral antigens were detectable in kidney, heart, lung, liver, spleen, and brain. In addition, inflammatory injuries were apparent in brain, spleen, and lung of PRVinfected mice. Moreover, PRV induced increases in immune organ indices, ROS and NO levels, activity of COX-2 and iNOS, and the content of key pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ and MCP-1. Among the tested doses, 10 2 TCID 50 of PRV produced a significant inflammatory mediator increase. @*Conclusions@#An inflammatory model induced by PRV infection was established in mice, and 102 TCID50 PRV was considered as the best concentration for the establishment of the model.

9.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 513-522, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942917

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore clinical features and prognosis of anastomotic leak (AL) after anterior resection following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer patients. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Data were retrieved from colorectal cancer database of the Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University. The clinical data of 470 patients with rectal cancer who underwent anterior resection after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy at our department from September 2010 to December 2018 were enrolled. Clinical features and outcome of postoperative AL were analyzed. The primary outcomes were the short-term and long-term incidence and severity of AL (ISREC grading standard was adopted). The secondary outcomes were the prognostic indicators of AL, including the secondary chronic presacral sinus, anastomotic stenosis and persistent stoma. Patients received regular follow-up every 3-6 months after surgery, including physical examination, blood test, colonoscopy and image; those received follow-up once a year after postoperative 2-year; those who did not return to our hospital received telephone follow-up. Data of this study were retrieved up to January 2020. Univariate χ(2) test and multivariate logistic analysis were used to identify risk factors of AL and prognostic factors of persistent stoma. Results: There were 331 males (70.4%) with the average age of (53.5±11.6) years. Distance from tumor to anal verge ≤ 5 cm was found in 228 (48.5%) patients. The diverting stoma was performed in 440 (93.6%) patients. After a median follow-up of 28 months, AL was found in 129 (27.4%) patients, including 67 (14.3%) patients with clinical leak (ISREC grade B-C). The median time for diagnosis of AL was 70 days (2-515 days) after index surgery. Common symptoms included sacrococcygeal pain (27.9%, 36/129), purulent discharge through anus (25.6%, 33/129), and rectal irritation (17.8%, 23/129). Sixty five point one percent (84/129) of the defect site was at the posterior wall of the anastomosis. Transanal incision and drainage or lavage (27.9%, 36/129) and percutaneous drainage under ultrasound or CT (17.1%, 22/129) were the most common management. Chronic presacral sinus tract could not be evaluated in 12 patients because imaging was performed more than 1 year after the operation. Evaluation beyond 1 year showed that 73 of 458 eligible patients (15.9%) were found with chronic presacral sinus, accounting for 62.4% (73/117) of patients with AL; 69 of 454 (15.2%) were diagnosed with anastomotic stenosis, of whom 49 were secondary to AL; 59 of 470 (12.6%) had persistent stoma due to AL. Univariate analysis showed that male, operative duration > 180 minutes, intraoperative blood loss >150 ml, and pelvic radiation injury were associated with AL (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that male (OR=1.72, 95% CI: 1.04-2.86, P=0.036), intraoperative blood loss > 150 ml (OR=1.82, 95% CI: 1.11-2.97, P=0.017), and pelvic radiation injury (OR=4.90, 95% CI: 3.09-7.76, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of AL after anterior resection. For patients with AL, clinical leak (ISREC grade B-C) (OR=9.59, 95% CI: 3.73-24.69, P<0.001), age ≤55 years (OR=3.35, 95% CI: 1.35-8.30, P=0.009), distance from tumor to anal verge ≤ 5 cm (OR=3.33, 95% CI: 1.25-8.92, P=0.017), and pelvic radiation injury (OR=3.29, 95% CI: 1.33-8.14, P=0.010) were independent risk factors of persistent stoma. Conclusions: AL after anterior resection following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer patients is common. Among patients with AL, the proportion of those needing persistent stoma is high. Pelvic radiation injury is significantly associated with occurrence of AL and subsequent persistent stoma. Sphincter-preserving surgery for rectal cancer should be selectively used based on the risk of pelvic radiation injury, which is beneficial to reduce the incidence of AL and improve the quality of life.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Anastomotic Leak , Chemoradiotherapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Prognosis , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1449-1459, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879050

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents from aerial parts of Glycyrrhiza uralensis were analyzed and identified using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap-MS). The chromatographic column of Waters Acquity UPLC BEH-C_(18)(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was adopted, with acetonitrile-water(0.5% formic acid) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.2 mL·min~(-1). Data was collected in positive and negative modes of electrospray ionization(ESI). A total of 55 compounds, including 42 flavonoids, 9 stilbenes, 2 coumarins, 1 lignin and 1 phenolic acid, which were characterized in the aerial parts of G. uralensis based on accurate molecular mass information of molecular and product ions provided by UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap-MS based on comparison with standard substances and references. It is an effective and accurate method to provide chemical information of constituents in aerial parts of G. uralensis, and can provide a reference for further study on pharmacodynamic material basis and resources development and utilization.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Components, Aerial
11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 193-201, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906472

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential target and mechanism of Wumeiwan in the treatment of lung metastasis of breast cancer by network pharmacological analysis and experimental verification. Method:The databases of active ingredients and targets of Wumeiwan were established through Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology(TCMSP) Database and Analysis Platform,and the targets of lung metastasis of breast cancer were established through the GeneCards database and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM) database,and the data of Chinese medicine targets and disease targets were matched. Cytoscape 3.6.0 software was used to establish the network analysis of traditional Chinese medicine-active ingredients-therapeutic targets,and the interaction relationship between key target proteins was analyzed by STRING database. Target gene ontology(GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) signal pathway enrichment analysis were performed by using the Biological Information Annotation Database. Result:A total of 108 possible important targets for Wumeiwan in the treatment of lung metastasis of breast cancer were found,including interleukin 6(IL6),cysteine aspartate-specific protease-3(CASP3),vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA),epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR),mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK8), and others. GO enrichment analysis yielded 29 cell components(CC),1 218 biological processes(BP) and 125 molecular functions(MF) related to lung metastasis of breast cancer,and KEGG enrichment analysis yielded 118 pathways related to lung metastasis of breast cancer(<italic>P<</italic>0.05),including MAPK signaling pathway and apoptosis pathway. <italic>In vitro</italic> experiments showed that cinnamaldehyde, the active ingredient of Wumeiwan, could induce apoptosis,inhibit proliferation and migration of MCF7 cells,partially validating the predicted results of network pharmacology to a certain extent. Conclusion:The therapeutic effect of Wumeiwan on lung metastasis of breast cancer may be multi-target,multi-pathway and multi-mechanism. The results of this study provide more evidence for the clinical application of Wumeiwan.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 224-227,232, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867229

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the study of magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion tensor imaging in children with acute kidney injury,and further improve the clinical research level of early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI).Methods Twenty-two children who met the clinical AKI diagnostic criteria were collected from the Children's Hospital of Hunan Province.Twenty-three children volunteers were collected as the control group.The anisotropy fraction (FA) and mean diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the renal cortex and medulla of all the tested children were detected,and the serum creatinine value and disease test results of children with AKI were collected.Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the renal and medullary ADC values and FA values and serum creatinine values in the children with AKI.Results There were no significant differences in the FA,ADC values of left and right renal cortex and medulla of case group (P > 0.05).There were no significant differences in the FA,ADC values of left and right renal cortex and medulla of control group (P > 0.05).The medullary FA value,cortical FA and ADC value of the children with AKI were significantly lower than those of normal children (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in medullary ADC values between children with AKI and normal children (P > 0.05).The medullary FA value and cortical ADC value of AKI patients were negatively correlated with serum creatinine value (r =-0.868,-0.436,P < 0.05),and there was no correlation between cortical FA,medullary ADC and serum creatinine in the rest of the children.Conclusions As a non-invasive imaging method,diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can reflect the early renal damage of AKI and has potential application value for clinical diagnosis of AKI.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2008-2018, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825741

ABSTRACT

Gut microbiota dysbiosis is closely related to a variety of host diseases. Recently, targeting the metabolic pathways of gut microbiota for the prevention and treatment of host diseases has become a frontier strategy and research hotspot. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic progressive intestinal inflammatory diseases of unknown etiology. The relationship between IBD and gut microbiota disorders and bacterial respiratory/energy metabolism has been confirmed in recent research. This article will introduce the relationship among them, and propose a new treatment strategy to alleviate host gut inflammation by regulating gut microbiota respiration and energy metabolism based on the latest research progress. In the progression of IBD, the gut microbiota homeostasis is disturbed. The main reasons include two aspects: on the one hand, when the intestinal inflammation of the host occurs, with increasing of oxygen concentration in the intestinal cavity, facultative anaerobic bacteria, especially Enterobacteriaceae bacteria would proliferate abnormally; while the growth of absolute anaerobic bacteria such as Firmicutes is inhibited. On the other hand, intestinal inflammation by-products also support the expansion of facultative anaerobic bacteria, which ultimately exacerbates the imbalance of gut microbiota. Dysregulated intestinal flora will further disturb intestinal immune homeostasis and exacerbate intestinal inflammation. The latest research proposed the possibility that IBD can be alleviated by interfering with the respiration of bacteria, inhibiting the abnormal proliferation of bacteria, or increasing the level of "beneficial" metabolites of gut microbiota. The above studies suggest that alleviating host intestinal inflammation can be explored by focusing on the metabolic pathways of gut microbiota and regulating the intestinal bacterial respiration and energy metabolism, which is of great significance for the clinical treatment of IBD and the research of innovative drugs.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 420-424, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861088

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the value of dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) quantitative parameters for evaluation of liver fibrosis caused by pediatric congenital choledochal cyst (CCC). Methods: Totally 33 CCC children with liver fibrosis were included into case group, while 14 children were selected as control group. All children underwent liver DCE-MRI. Quantitative parameters were acquired with Tofts model,including volume transfer constant from blood plasma to extravascular extracellular space (Ktrans), transfer rate constant between extravascular extracellular space and blood plasma (Kep) and volume of extravascular extracellular space (Ve). The differences and correlations of the above parameters among different liver fibrosis stages were analyzed, and AUC of each parameter in diagnosing different grades of liver fibrosis were drawn. Results: Ktrans and Kep were significantly different among fibrosis subgroups (all P0.05) and negative correlation with liver fibrosis staging (r=-0.249, P>0.05). AUC for identifying normal vs fibrosis and mild vs advanced fibrosis by Ktrans and Kep were 0.949, 0.748 and 0.933, 0.731, and the cutoff values were 0.239,.0.186 and 1.814, 1.663, respectively. Conclusion: DCE-MRI perfusion parameters such as Ktrans and Kep are valuable for diagnosing and staging of liver fibrosis caused by CCC in children.

15.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e61-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833693

ABSTRACT

Background@#Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) are bioactive substances extracted from P. notoginseng that are widely used to treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and interstitial diseases. PNS have the functions of scavenging free radicals, anti-inflammation, improving blood supply for tissue and so on. @*Objectives@#The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of PNS on the oxidative stress of immune cells induced by porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) infection in vitro and in vivo. @*Methods@#Using an oxidative stress model of PCV2 infection in a porcine lung cell line (3D4/2 cells) and mice, the levels of nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS), total glutathione (T-GSH), reduced glutathione (GSH), and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and the activities of xanthine oxidase (XOD), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and inducible nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS) were determined to evaluate the regulatory effects of PNS on oxidative stress. @*Results@#PNS treatment significantly reduced the levels of NO and ROS, the content of GSSG and the activities of XOD, MPO, and iNOS (p < 0.05), while significantly increasing GSH and the ratio of GSH/GSSG in infected 3D4/2 cells (p < 0.05).Similarly, in the in vivo study, PNS treatment significantly decreased the level of ROS in spleen lymphocytes of infected mice (p < 0.05), increased the levels of GSH and T-GSH (p < 0.05), significantly decreased the GSSG level (p < 0.05), and decreased the activities of XOD, MPO, and iNOS. @*Conclusions@#PNS could regulate the oxidative stress of immune cells induced by PCV2 infection in vitro and in vivo.

16.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 614-619, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828697

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of the polymorphisms of the serum amyloid A1 (SAA1) gene at rs4638289 and rs7131332 loci with Kawasaki disease (KD) and its complication coronary artery lesion (CAL) in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 105 Han children with KD who were hospitalized and treated from 2013 to 2017 were enrolled as the KD group. A total of 100 Han children who underwent physical examination were enrolled as the control group. According to the presence or absence of CAL, the KD group was further divided into a CAL group with 23 children and a non-CAL (NCAL) group with 82 children. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was used to investigate the polymorphisms of the SAA1 gene at rs4638289 and rs7131332 loci.@*RESUKTS@#For the locus rs4638289 of the SAA1 gene, there were no significant differences between the KD and control groups in the genotype frequencies of AA, AT, and TT and the allele frequencies of A and T (P>0.05). But there were significant differences between the CAL and NCAL groups in the genotype frequencies of AA, AT, and TT (P=0.016), while there were no significant differences in the allele frequencies of A and T (P>0.05). AT genotype was a protective factor against CAL (OR=0.276, 95%CI: 0.099-0.772, P=0.011). For the locus rs7131332 of the SAA1 gene, there were no significant differences between the KD and control groups in the genotype frequencies of AA, AG, and GG and the allele frequencies of A and G (P>0.05). There were also no significant differences between the CAL and NCAL groups in the genotype frequencies of AA, AG, and GG and the allele frequencies of A and G (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Polymorphisms of the SAA1 gene at loci rs4638289 and rs7131332 are not associated with the onset of KD, while the polymorphism at the locus rs4638289 is associated with CAL in KD patients. KD patients with genotype AT may have a reduced risk of CAL.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Case-Control Studies , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Genetics , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Serum Amyloid A Protein , Genetics
17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 18-23, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941960

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression changes of the epigenetic regulator enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) during pulp inflammation and the effect of EZH2 on macrophages migration.@*METHODS@#Rat dental pulp was stimulated with 10 g/L lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to establish a model of rat pulpitis at different stages of inflammation. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression changes of EZH2 during the progression of pulp inflammation. Immunofluorescence double staining was used to detect the expression of EZH2, CD68 and their colocalization. To screen the appropriate concentration of EZH2 recombinant protein to stimulate hDPCs and human leukaemia-derived monocytic cell line (THP-1) cells, the effects of different concentrations (1, 10, 20, 40, and 100 μg/L) of EZH2 recombinant protein on proliferation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) and human monocyte cell line THP-1 were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). Transwell migration assay was used to detect the effect of supernatants of hDPCs treated with EZH2 recombinant protein on the migration of THP-1 cells.@*RESULTS@#HE staining results showed that in the model of rat pulp inflammation induced by LPS, with the prolongation of LPS stimulation, the inflammation response of pulp gradually increased. Immunohistochemical results showed that EZH2 expression decreased within 8 h of LPS-induced dental pulp inflammation; but after 1, 3, and 7 d of stimulation, EZH2 expression gradually increased with the extension of the stimulation time. As for the normal rat dental pulp tissue, the positive expression of EZH2 was scattered in the odontoblast cell layer and the pulp proper. Compared with the control group, LPS stimulated the expression of EZH2 and CD68 in the infected dental pulp, and the colocalization of EZH2 and CD68 could be detected in macrophages. The results of CCK-8 suggested that the appropriate concentration of EZH2 recombinant protein to stimulate hDPCs and THP-1 cells was 20 μg/L. Transwell cell migration assay confirmed that compared with the supernatant of EZH2 untreated HDPCs group, the supernatant of EZH2treated hDPCs significantly promoted macrophage chemotaxis.@*CONCLUSION@#EZH2 is involved in the development of pulpitis and promotes the chemotaxis of macrophages, which suggests that EZH2 may play an important regulatory role in the development of pulp inflammation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Cells, Cultured , Chemotaxis , Dental Pulp , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein , Inflammation , Macrophages
18.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 494-499, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843439

ABSTRACT

Objective • To explore the effect on oxidative stress status of lithium treatment in bipolar disorder patients. Methods • This was a case-control study of 61 patients with bipolar disorder (8 manic patients and 53 depressed patients) matched with 49 healthy volunteers from Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. Patients with bipolar disorder were treated with lithium carbonate for 6 weeks. The 17 Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), Clinical Global Impression-Severity of Illness (CGI-SI) were used to assess the clinical outcomes at baseline and endpoint. The serum levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured at baseline and endpoint. The oxidative stress status of the patients and controls was compared, as well as its change after lithium treatment. Results • In the patients with bipolar mania or bipolar depression, the level of SOD was lower (t=5.403, P=0.000) and the levels of GSH-Px and MDA were higher (t=8.371, P=0.000; t=6.063, P=0.000) than those of the normal population, and the level of CAT had no difference in these two groups. There was no difference in the four oxidative stress indicators between the manic state and the depressive state. There were significant differences in plasma GSH-Px and MDA contents after lithium treatment (t=4.352, P=0.000; t=2.720, P=0.009), while there was no significant difference in plasma SOD and CAT levels after lithium treatment. After treatment with lithium, MDA content in bipolar mania and bipolar depression decreased significantly (t=3.072, P=0.018; t=3.532, P=0.001), and that in the manic state decreased more. There was a significant decrease in GSH-Px level in bipolar depression (t=2.880, P=0.006). Conclusion • Oxidative stress injury exists in the patients with bipolar disorder. Lithium carbonate may adjust the imbalance of oxidative stress in these patients, and its effect in different disease states is slightly different.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 43-50, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801692

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the antioxidation activities in vitro of a comment flavonoid component named vicenin Ⅱ(Apigenin 6,8-di-C-glucoside) in Dendrobii Officinalis Caulis from different origin places and investigate its effects on apoptosis of HepG2 cells. Method: The antioxidation activities in vitro of vicenin Ⅱ (0.005-1 g·L-1) were evaluated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), salicylic acid and 2-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid(ABTS) and copper ion reduction assays. Methye thiazolye telrazlium(MTT) assay was used to test the inhibitory effect of vicenin Ⅱ(12.5~100 μmol·L-1) on proliferation of 6 tumour cells in vitro. In subsequent apoptosis experiment, the concentration of vicenin Ⅱ was 75 μmol·L-1. The morphological changes of HepG2 cells were evaluated by Hoechst 33258 under fluorescence microscope; and the cell apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry with AnnexinV/PI apoptosis assay kit. The mRNA expressions of mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway related apoptotic genes were detected by Real-time PCR assay. Result: The 1 g·L-1 vicenin Ⅱ showed 48.82% and 22.01% for DPPH scavenging rate and Cu2+ reduction rate respectively(P-1 vicenin Ⅱ showed 86.88% for ABTS scavenging rate(P-1 Vicenin Ⅱ, the cells survival rate was 45.69%(PPN-terminal kinase (JNK), and nuclear transcription factor (NF)-κB were increased(PConclusion: The general flavone glycosides component vicenin Ⅱ of Dendrobii Officinalis Caulis from different origins has a certain antioxidation effect and significant inhibitory effect on proliferation, and could induce apoptosis on HepG2 cells probably by regulating the expression of related genes in MAPK pathway and Bax/Bcl-2.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 29-34, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801690

ABSTRACT

Objective: To extract,isolate,purify and identify the structures of the flavonoid glycoside in Dendrobium officinale from two different origin places (Danxia species and Yunnan Guangnan species),and provide experimental reference for confirming the common flavonoid glycoside components in D. officinale. Method: ① 70% ethanol was applied to extract the total flavonoids in leaves of D. officinale from two different species. Organic solvents petroleum ether,acetic ether and water saturated n-butyl alcohol were used in turn to extract the crude extraction. Then AB-8 Macroporous resin,Sephadex LH-20 and ODS chromatographic column were applied to isolate and purify the water saturated n-butyl alcohol extraction fraction. The structures of flavonoid glycoside were identified by studying physicochemical property,applying modern spectroscopy method like HPLC,ESI-MSn,1H-NMR,13 C-NMR,etc. ② HPLC characteristic spectrum technique was used to analyse and compare the common flavonoid glycoside components in Dendrobium officinale from different origin places (Danxia species,Yunnan Guangnan species,Guangxi Tiepilan species and Zhejiang native species). Result: Five flavonoid glycoside compounds were isolated from the crude extractions of the leaves of D. officinale from two different species,and they were identified as rutin,vicenin Ⅱ,viceninⅠ,violanthin and isoviolanthin. The characteristic spectrum of vicenin Ⅱ and viceninⅠwere detected in stems of D. officinale from four different origin places (Danxia species,Yunnan Guangnan species,Guangxi Tiepilan species and Zhejiang native species),and vicenin Ⅱ had a better separation degree in the characteristic spectrum. However,the characteristic spectrum of violanthin and isoviolanthin were more obvious in Yunnan Guangnan species and Guangxi Tiepilan species,while rutin was obvious in the Danxia species. Conclusion: Vicenin Ⅱis the common flavonoid glycosides component in D. officinale from different origin places (Danxia species,Yunnan Guangnan species,Guangxi Tiepilan species and Zhejiang native species),and can be used as the internal reference material for the characteristic spectrum of D. officinale.

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