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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 307-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006080

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in rural children and adolescents. 【Methods】 An epidemiological LUTS survey was carried out on 4 100 children and adolescents (aged 6-16 years) in five primary and secondary schools in rural Henan by means of stratified random cluster sampling using anonymous questionnaires. Daytime urinary incontinence (DUI), nocturnal enuresis (NE), and postnatal diaper use and toilet training were investigated. 【Results】 A total of 3 885 valid questionnaires were recovered (with a recovery rate of 94.76%). The total prevalence of the four symptoms of LUTS, including urgency, frequency, DUI and NE, were 16.42%, 10.91%, 7.41% and 7.95%, respectively. As much as 21.13% subjects had at least one symptom. The prevalence of the four symptoms decreased gradually with age, decreased sharply in those aged 6 to 12 years, and then decreased slowly. The prevalence of LUTS in children who stopped using diapers and stared urine training after 1 year of age was significantly higher than that of those within 1 year of age (χ2=21.605, 23.111, 24.189, 23.509, all P<0.05; χ2=102.17, 72.168, 53.656, 197.76, all P<0.05). There were significant differences in the prevalence of LUTS between those with and without toilet training (χ2=315.273, 198.438, 105.723, 272.502, all P<0.05). The prevalence of LUTS in males was significantly higher than that in females (P<0.05). Constipation, prepuce and phimosis in boys were significantly associated with the prevalence of LUTS (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Rural children and adolescents have a high prevalence of LUTS. Diaper use after 1 year of age, history of urinary tract infection (UTI), lack of toilet training, constipation, and abnormal prepuce are risk factors of LUTS. Urine training before 1 year of age is a protective factor of LUTS.

2.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 753-766, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003134

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#Rat BMSCs were isolated, cultured and identified. The time-dependent expressions of TSP-2 and Sox9 in BMSCs under a dynamic mechanical pressure of 0–120 kPa at 0.1 Hz for 1 h were tested by qPCR and Western blotting. The role of TSP-2 in chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs under mechanical pressure was validated by using small interfering RNA. The impact of TSP-2 and mechanical pressure on chondrogenesis were detected and the downstream signaling molecules were explored using Western blotting. @*RESULTS@#Mechanical pressure stimulation of 0–120 kPa for 1 h significantly upregulated the expression of TSP-2 in BMSCs. The expression of the chondrogenesis markers Sox9, Aggrecan, and Col-II were all upregulated under dynamic mechanical pressure or TSP-2 stimulation. Additional exogenous TSP-2 may potentiate the chondrogenic effect of mechanical stimulation. After knock down TSP-2, the upregulation of Sox9, Aggrecan and Col-II under mechanical pressure was inhibited. The NF-jB signaling pathway responded to both dynamic pressure and TSP-2 stimulation, and the cartilage-promoting effect was blocked by an NF-jB signaling inhibitor. @*CONCLUSION@#TSP-2 plays an essential role in the chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs under mechanical pressure. NF-jB signaling is involved in the mechano-chemical coupling of TSP-2 and mechanical pressure for the chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs.

3.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 136-141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994456

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze measurement results of serum allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) in patients with eczema/dermatitis.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on serum allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels in 3 051 patients with eczema/dermatitis, who visited the allergy clinic of Huashan Hospital from April 1, 2021 to March 31, 2022. The serum allergen-specific IgE level was detected by using the Phadia allergen detection system, and positive rates of allergens were calculated to determine common inhaled allergens and food allergens in patients with eczema/dermatitis. Comparisons of enumeration data between groups were performed by chi-square test.Results:Among the 3 051 patients with eczema/dermatitis, there were 1 412 with atopic dermatitis and 1 639 were other eczema/dermatitis. Detection of serum allergen-specific IgE showed that 1 629 (53%) patients were positive for allergens, and the number of positive allergen-specific IgEs in each patient was 3.0 ± 1.6. The top 3 common inhaled allergens in patients with eczema/dermatitis were Dermatophagoides farinae (904/1 522, 59%) , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (891/1 513, 59%) and Alternaria alternata (206/1 068, 19%) , and the top 3 common food allergens were shrimps (251/1 432, 18%) , egg white (165/992, 17%) and cow milk (149/994, 15%) . Among the 3 051 patients, 25 (1%) were aged < 2 years, 571 (19%) aged 2 - 12 years, 285 (9%) aged 12 - 18 years, and 2 170 (71%) were aged > 18 years. The most common food allergens were both egg white in the age groups of < 2 years and 2 -12 years (77%, 37%, respectively) , and were both shrimps in the age groups of 12 - 18 years and > 18 years (31%, 17%, respectively) . Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farina were the top 2 common inhaled allergens in all age groups, with the positive rate ranging from 36% to 84%; in addition, the positive rate of molds was relatively high in the age group of 2 - 12 years (mold mixture: 37%; Alternaria alternata: 27%) . From April 2021 to March 2022, the positive rate of outdoor allergens ranged from 10% to 15% among outpatients in every month; the positive rates of tree pollen and grass pollen increased from April 2021, and peaked in October 2021. The patients with atopic dermatitis showed a significantly increased positive rate of allergens (73%) compared with those with other eczema/dermatitis (37%, χ2 = 389.36, P<0.001) , and the rank of common allergens in the patients with atopic dermatitis was basically the same as that in those with eczema/dermatitis. Conclusions:The common allergens were Dermatophagoides farina, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Alternaria alternata in the patients with eczema/dermatitis. Food allergy was more common in infant patients, and inhalation allergy was more common in child, adolescent and adult patients. The positive rate of allergen-specific IgEs was markedly higher in the patients with atopic dermatitis than in those with other eczema/dermatitis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 22-28, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994434

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore predictive factors for the efficacy of omalizumab in the treatment of refractory chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) .Methods:Totally, 40 patients with refractory CSU treated with omalizumab were enrolled from Department of Dermatology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from 2019 to 2021. Before treatment, clinical data including the urticaria activity score over 7 days (UAS7) and dermatology life quality index (DLQI) were collected; venous blood samples were collected for the detection of total immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies, eosinophil counts and basophil counts, anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) IgG antibody levels, mean platelet volume, as well as C-reactive protein (CRP) , D-dimer, complements C3 and C4, interleukin (IL) -2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17A, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) -α and interferon (IFN) -γ levels, and percentages of CD4 + T cells and CD8 + T cells; meanwhile, the autologous serum skin test (ASST) was performed. After 12-week treatment with omalizumab, 40 CSU patients were divided into well-responding group and poorly-responding group according to the UAS7 score, and the above laboratory indicators were compared between the two groups. For continuous variable indicators with significant differences, the accuracy of prediction and optimal cut-off values were determined by using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve; for categorical variable indicators with significant differences, the sensitivity and specificity for the prediction of poor clinical response to omalizumab were calculated; correlations among the above indicators were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis. Results:After 12-week treatment with omalizumab, 28 CSU patients responded well to omalizumab, and 12 responded poorly. Before treatment, the poorly-responding group showed significantly increased proportions of patients with eosinopenia (6/12) , basopenia (7/12) , decreased C3 (6/12) , decreased C4 (6/12) , positive anti-TPO IgG antibodies (5/12) and low total IgE levels (8/12) , increased proportion of CD4 + T cells (71.13% ± 3.26%) , and increased IL-17A levels (27.16 ± 9.75 pg/ml) compared with the well-responding group (14.3%, 10.7%, 14.3%, 7.1%, 10.7%, 14.3%, 60.33% ± 5.12%, 19.24 ± 10.84 pg/ml, respectively; all P < 0.05) , but decreased IL-6 levels compared with the well-responding group ( t = 5.75, P < 0.05) . According to the ROC analysis and calculation of sensitivity, specificity and accuracy, the above indicators showed high accuracy in predicting therapeutic effect of omalizumab, and the optimal cut-off values of IL-6, IL-17A, and CD4 + T cell proportion were 8.672 pg/ml, 23.415 pg/ml, and 67.95%, respectively. In addition, the IL-6 level was significantly positively correlated with the total IgE level in CSU patients at baseline ( r = 0.43, P = 0.006) . Conclusion:Before the selection of omalizumab for the treatment of refractory CSU, there is a need to detect the eosinophil and basophil counts, levels of complements C3, C4, anti-TPO IgG antibodies, total IgE, IL-17A and IL-6, and CD4 + T cell proportions to predict therapeutic effect of omalizumab, so as to determine whether omalizumab is suitable for the patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 164-172, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975169

ABSTRACT

Lamiophlomis Herba, one of the medicinal herbs commonly used by the Tibetan ethnic minority, has the effect of activating blood, stopping bleeding, dispelling wind, and relieving pain and is frequently used to treat trauma, traumatic bleeding, rheumatic arthralgia, and dampness and dampness-heat. By a review of ancient Tibetan medicine classics, materia medica classics, and modern literature, this paper systematically analyzed the name, nature, taste, original plant, medicinal part, harvest, processing, efficacy, and indications of Lamiophlomis Herba. The textual research showed that Lamiophlomis Herba was first recorded in the Somaratsa (《月王药诊》) in the middle of the eighth century. This medicinal herb was mainly recorded with a plain and warm nature and a sweet, bitter, and astringent taste. The herb was recorded as non-toxic in other books except the Tibetan Medicinal Plants in Gannan of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (《青藏高原甘南藏药植物志》). In the books of the past dynasties, the aboveground part of Lomiophlomis rotatd was used as medicine. In addition, there were also records of using the whole herbs of Ajuga ovalifolia, A. ovalifolia var. calantha, and Oreosolen wattii as the medicine. In ancient times, the herb was mainly harvested before Frost's Descent in the 8th-9th months of the lunar calendar, while it was mainly harvested during the flowering-fruiting stage in autumn in modern times. Due to the decreased reserve of Lamiophlomis Herba, the medicinal part evolved from whole herb or fresh leaves to the aboveground part. According to the ancient and modern records, this herb mainly has the functions of nourishing bone and marrow, eliminating dampness and dampness-heat, stopping bleeding, and relieving pain. In ancient times, it was used for treating parasitic diseases, menostaxis, spermatorrhea, diarrhea, and nourishing the body. This paper aims to provide a basis for further development and study of Lamiophlomis Herba through the textual research.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 516-520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975134

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effects of graded motor imagery (GMI) combined with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on upper limb function and activities of daily living of stroke patients. MethodsFrom June, 2022 to February, 2023, 45 stroke patients from Xuzhou Rehabilitation Hospital and Xuzhou Central Hospital were recruited and divided into control group (n = 15), GMI group (n = 15) and combined group (n = 15) randomly. All the groups received conventional rehabilitation, in addition, GMI group received GMI and the combined group received GMI and rTMS, for four weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE), Action Research Arm Test (ARAT), modified Barthel Index (MBI) and Hong Kong version of Functional Test for the Hemiplegic Upper Extremity (FTHUE-HK) before and after treatment. ResultsThe scores of FMA-UE, ARAT and MBI, and grades of FTHUE-HK improved in all the groups after treatment (|t| > 9.681, P < 0.001), and all these indexes were the best in the combined group (F > 13.241, P < 0.001). ConclusionGMI combined with rTMS can further improve the motor function of upper limbs and activities of daily living of stroke patients.

7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 197-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972311

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with multiple organ involvement. There are still many limitations and individual differences in the treatment based on glucocorticoids and immunosuppressants. In recent years, more and more studies have shown that the combination of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of SLE has the advantages of good efficacy, low adverse reactions, and high safety. However, the exact regulatory mechanism and combined traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of SLE are still unclear. This paper reviews the research on the mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of SLE from metabonomic, immune cells, lymphocyte factors and apoptosis, etc, provides ideas for exploring the mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of SLE with modern methods.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 110-118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961950

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the immediate and short-term effects of pressure biofeedback therapy combined with Flexi-bar exercise in the sitting position on chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP). MethodsFrom June to September, 2022, 27 CNSLBP students in Xuzhou Medical University and other universities around were randomly divided into pressure biofeedback unit (PBU) group (n = 9), Flexi-bar group (n = 9) and combined group (n = 9). On the basis of routine rehabilitation guidance, the PBU group accepted pressure biofeedback therapy, the Flexi-bar group accepted active vibration therapy, and the combined group accepted pressure biofeedback therapy and active vibration therapy, for three weeks. They were measured core stability with Stabilizer, lumbar joint repositioning error (LJRE) with iHandy, and bilateral transverse abdominis thickness and multifidus muscle cross-sectional area with ultrasonography; and assessed with Visual Analogue Scale for pain (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) before and after treatment; and the core stability were measured immediately after the first treatment. ResultsThe indexes of core stability improved after the first treatment (|t| > 3.000, P < 0.05) in all groups, and improved the most in the combined group (F > 10.909, P < 0.001). All the indexes improved after three weeks of treatment (|t| > 2.604, P < 0.05), except for LJRE in PBU group; and they were the best in the combined group (|F| > 4.061, P < 0.05), except LJRE was not significantly different from the Flexi-bar group (P > 0.05). ConclusionPressure biofeedback therapy combined with Flexi-bar exercise in the sitting position can more effectively improve core stability and core muscles, proprioception, and pain for patients with CNSLBP.

9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 195-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the current situation and influencing factors of "Internet + nursing service" in Shanghai from the perspective of patients, and provide reference for government departments to improve the service.Methods:From November to December 2020, convenience sampling was used to select 420 inpatients from Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Jing′an District Central Hospital and Xuhui District Central Hospital of Shanghai as the research objects to conduct cross-sectional survey, and a self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate patients′ cognition and demand for "Internet + nursing service". Binary Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of "Internet + nursing service".Results:Totally 403 questionnaires were effectively collected. Among 403 inpatients, only 30.3%(122/403) of patients had used "Internet + nursing service", and more than half of the users thought that the project of "Internet + nursing service" was not comprehensive enough to meet the needs and the service quality provided by nursing staff was not good, the service fee was on the high side. Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that lack of cognition of "Internet + nursing service" model ( P=0.001) and related service platform ( P=0.003) was the main factor restricting patients′ use of "Internet + nursing service". However, concerns about the quality of in-home care ( χ2=8.68, P=0.033) and personal information security ( χ2=8.23, P=0.038) could reduce the willingness of patients to use "Internet + care services". Among the 11 categories of "Internet + nursing service" programs pilot-carried out in Shanghai, patients were most likely to choose injection 63.0% (254/403), specimen collection 58.1% (234/403), skin care 57.3% (231/403), health guidance 57.3% (231/403), rehabilitation nursing 56.8% (229/403) and traditional Chinese medicine nursing 56.6% (228/403). Conclusions:The feasibility, safety and popularity of "Internet + nursing services" all have a large space for optimization, improvement and promotion. It is suggested that relevant government departments increase the publicity of "Internet + nursing services", encourage the construction and sharing of high-quality nursing service resources in hospitals, establish service security mechanism, and continuously improve service items to meet the diversified health needs of patients.

10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 807-814, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory role of the long non-coding RNA LINC00926 in pyroptosis of hypoxia-induced human umbilical vein vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) and explore the molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#HUVECs were transfected with a LINC00926-overexpressing plasmid (OE-LINC00926), a siRNA targeting ELAVL1, or both, followed by exposure to hypoxia (5% O2) or normoxia. The expression of LINC00926 and ELAVL1 in hypoxia-treated HUVECs was detected using real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting. Cell proliferation was detected using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), and the levels of IL-1β in the cell cultures was determined with ELISA. The protein expression levels of pyroptosis-related proteins (caspase-1, cleaved caspase-1 and NLRP3) in the treated cells were analyzed using Western blotting, and the binding between LINC00926 and ELAVL1 was verified with RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay.@*RESULTS@#Exposure to hypoxia obviously up-regulated the mRNA expression of LINC00926 and the protein expression of ELAVL1 in HUVECs, but did not affect the mRNA expression of ELAVL1. LINC00926 overexpression in the cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation, increased IL-1β level and enhanced the expressions of pyroptosis-related proteins (all P < 0.05). LINC00926 overexpression further up-regulated the protein expression of ELAVL1 in hypoxia-exposed HUVECs. The results of RIP assay confirmed the binding between LINC00926 and ELAVL1. ELAVL1 knockdown significantly decreased IL-1β level and the expressions of pyroptosis-related proteins in hypoxia-exposed HUVECs (P < 0.05), while LINC00926 overexpression partially reversed the effects of ELAVL1 knockdown.@*CONCLUSION@#LINC00926 promotes pyroptosis of hypoxia-induced HUVECs by recruiting ELAVL1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Caspase 1 , ELAV-Like Protein 1 , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Pyroptosis , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Cell Hypoxia
11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 317-321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985869

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the predictive factors for bronchitis obliterans in refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP). Methods: A restrospective case summary was conducted 230 patients with RMPP admitted to the Department of No.2 Respiratory Medicine of Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2013 to June 2017 were recruited. Clinical data, laboratory results, imaging results and follow-up data were collected. Based on bronchoscopy and imaging findings 1 year after discharge, all patients were divided into two groups: one group had sequelae of bronchitis obliterans (sequelae group) and the other group had not bronchitis obliterans (control group), independent sample t-test and nonparametric test were used to compare the differences in clinical features between the two groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to explore the predictive value of Bronchitis Obliterans in RMPP. Results: Among 230 RMPP children, there were 115 males and 115 females, 95 cases had sequelae group, the age of disease onset was (7.1±2.8) years;135 cases had control group, the age of disease onset was (6.8±2.7) years. The duration of fever, C-reative protein (CRP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels, the proportion of ≥2/3 lobe consolidation, pleural effusion and the proportion of airway mucus plug and mucosal necrosis were longer or higher in the sequelae group than those in the control group ((17±9) vs. (12±3) d, (193±59) vs. (98±42) mg/L,730 (660, 814) vs. 486 (452, 522) U/L, 89 cases (93.7%) vs. 73 cases (54.1%), 73 cases (76.8%) vs.59 cases (43.7%), 81 cases (85.3%) vs. 20 cases (14.8%), 67 cases (70.5%) vs. 9 cases (6.7%), t=5.76, 13.35, Z=-6.41, χ2=14.64, 25.04, 22.85, 102.78, all P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the duration of fever ≥10 days (OR=1.200, 95%CI 1.014-1.419), CRP levels increased (OR=1.033, 95%CI 1.022-1.044) and LDH levels increased (OR=1.001, 95%CI 1.000-1.003) were the risk factors for sequelae of bronchitis obliterans in RMPP. ROC curve analysis showed that CRP 137 mg/L had a sensitivity of 82.1% and a specificity of 80.1%; LDH 471 U/L had a sensitivity of 62.7% and a specificity of 60.3% for predicting the development of bronchitis obliterans. Conclusions: The long duration of fever (≥10 d), CRP increase (≥137 mg/L) may be used to predict the occurrence of sequelae of bronchitis obliterans in RMPP. It is helpful for early recognition of risk children.


Subject(s)
Child , Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Retrospective Studies , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/complications , Disease Progression , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Fever
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 949-953, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985618

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemic characteristics and drug resistance of pulmonary tuberculosis among the floating population in Beijing and to provide a scientific basis for formulating strategies for the prevention and control of tuberculosis among the floating population. Methods: Data of tuberculosis patients who were positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture was collected from 16 districts and one municipal institution of tuberculosis control and prevention in Beijing in 2019. The strain samples were tested for drug sensitivity by the proportional method. According to household registration location, patients were divided into the floating population and Beijing registration. SPSS 19.0 software analyzed tuberculosis patients' epidemic characteristics and drug resistance in the floating population. Results: In 2019, there were 1 171 culture-positive tuberculosis patients in Beijing, among the floating population, 593 (50.64%) patients were identified, with a male-to-female sex ratio of 2.2∶1 (409∶184). Compared to patients under household registration as Beijing residents, a higher proportion of young adults aged 20-39 years (65.09%,386/593) were noticed, with 55.65% (330/593) reported from the urban areas and 96.80% (574/593) were reported the first time. The differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). After completing the drug sensitivity test, 37 cases were with multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis, accounting for 6.24% (37/593). The rates of isoniazid resistance (42.11%,8/19) and multidrug resistance (21.05%,4/19) in floating population patients after retreatment were significantly higher than those in newly treated patients (11.67%, 67/574 and 5.75%, 33/574), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Most patients with tuberculosis in the floating population in Beijing in 2019 were young males aged 20-39 years. The reporting areas were urban areas and the newly treated patients mainly. The patients with tuberculosis in the re-treated floating population were more likely to suffer from multidrug and drug resistance, which should be taken as the key population for prevention and control.


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Humans , Female , Male , Beijing/epidemiology , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/epidemiology , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/epidemiology , Drug Resistance
13.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 566-571, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985445

ABSTRACT

As a single-center retrospective study, we analyzed the results of rotavirus and human adenovirus antigens in stool samples with colloidal gold immunochromatography method in children with acute gastroenteritis under the age of five who were treated in our hospital from 2019 to 2022. After excluding nonconforming cases and duplicate cases, 2 896 cases were included, of which 559 cases were detected with at least one viral antigen. According to the test results, they were divided into RV positive group, HAdV positive group and RV & HAdV double positive group. The gender, age, seasonal distribution, clinical symptoms and related laboratory tests were compared and analyzed with χ2 test, analysis of variance and nonparametric test. Among the single samples from 2 896 children, the positive rate of RV antigen was 6.21% (180/2 896), the positive rate of HAdV antigen was 10.91% (316/2 896), and the double positive rate of RV & HAdV was 2.18% (63/2 896). The positive rate of HAdV antigen in 2021 was 16.11%, a significant increase compared with 6.20% in 2020. RV infection has obvious seasonality, and spring and winter are the seasons with high incidence of infection (χ2=74.018, P<0.001), while HAdV infection has no obvious seasonality (χ2=2.110, P=0.550), showing sporadic infection throughout the year. The proportions of fever and vomiting symptoms in children with RV infection were significantly higher than those in the HAdV infection group (χ2=40.401, P<0.001; χ2=32.593, P<0.001), but the positive rate of white blood cells in the stool was significantly lower than that in the HAdV infection group (χ2=13.741,P<0.01). In summary, paying attention to the epidemiological changes of RV and HAdV is of great significance for clinical diagnosis and treatment and disease prevention and control.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Rotavirus , Retrospective Studies , Gastroenteritis/epidemiology , Hospitals , Feces , Adenoviruses, Human , Adenovirus Infections, Human/epidemiology
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 103-109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970828

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical outcomes of anteromedial combined with lateral locking plate for complex proximal humeral fractures in the eldery.@*METHODS@#From June 2018 to October 2020, 30 patients who underwent surgical treatment for Neer grade 3 to 4 proximal humeral fractures, including 8 males and 22 females, aged from 51 to 78 years old with an average of (61.5±7.5) years old. Of them, 15 patients had fractures fixed with anteromedial combined with lateral locking plate(ALLP group), whereas 15 received internal fixation with proximal humerus locking plate only(PHLP group). The clinical data, simple shoulder test (SST), humeral head height loss, varus angle and shoulder range of motion were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#All fractures were healed. The follow-up time ranged from 12 to 24 months, with an average of(14.3±2.9) months. The operation time of ALLP group was longer than that of PHLP group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss between the two groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in SST score between the two groups at 1, 3 and 12 months after operation (P>0.05). In terms of radiographic measurement, there was no significant difference in humeral head height loss and varus angle between the two groups at 1 and 3 months after operation (P>0.05). At 12 months after operation, the height loss and varus angle of humeral head in ALLP group were lower than those in PHLP group (P<0.05). In shoulder range of motion, the range of forward elevation in ALLP group was larger than that in PHLP group 1 year after operation(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in external rotation between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Anteromedial combined with lateral locking plate in the treatment of complex proximal humeral fractures in the elderly can increase the stability of the medial column and obtain a good fracture prognosis. But there are also disadvantages such as longer operation time, so it should be individualized according to the fracture type of the patient.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Shoulder , Humeral Head , Bone Plates , Humeral Fractures/surgery
15.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 60-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970674

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common liver malignancy, where HCC segmentation and prediction of the degree of pathological differentiation are two important tasks in surgical treatment and prognosis evaluation. Existing methods usually solve these two problems independently without considering the correlation of the two tasks. In this paper, we propose a multi-task learning model that aims to accomplish the segmentation task and classification task simultaneously. The model consists of a segmentation subnet and a classification subnet. A multi-scale feature fusion method is proposed in the classification subnet to improve the classification accuracy, and a boundary-aware attention is designed in the segmentation subnet to solve the problem of tumor over-segmentation. A dynamic weighted average multi-task loss is used to make the model achieve optimal performance in both tasks simultaneously. The experimental results of this method on 295 HCC patients are superior to other multi-task learning methods, with a Dice similarity coefficient (Dice) of (83.9 ± 0.88)% on the segmentation task, while the average recall is (86.08 ± 0.83)% and an F1 score is (80.05 ± 1.7)% on the classification task. The results show that the multi-task learning method proposed in this paper can perform the classification task and segmentation task well at the same time, which can provide theoretical reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment of HCC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Liver Neoplasms , Learning
16.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 117-123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970144

ABSTRACT

Objective: To accurately screen non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with KRAS G12C mutation and to evaluate their clinicopathological features, prognostic factors and current treatment status. Methods: A total of 19 410 NSCLC cases diagnosed at the Department of Pathology of Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai, China from January 2018 to September 2021 were retrospectively reviewed, and the cases with KRAS gene mutation detected by next-generation sequencing were included. The clinicopathological and genetic mutation data of these cases were collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 1 633 (8.4%) NSCLC patients carried a KRAS gene mutation, among whom G12C was the most frequent (468 cases, 28.7%) mutant subtype. The mutation was more commonly found in males (414/468, 88.5%), patients with a history of smoking (308/468, 65.8%), and patients with a pathological type of invasive adenocarcinoma (231/468, 49.4%). The most common co-mutated genes in KRAS G12C mutant NSCLC were TP53 (52.4%, 245/468), STK11 (18.6%, 87/468) and ATM (13.2%, 62/468). The proportion of PD-L1 expression (≥1%) in KRAS G12C mutant NSCLC was significantly higher than that in patients without G12C mutation [64.3% (90/140) vs. 56.1% (193/344), P=0.014]. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) treatment significantly prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) in NSCLC patients (10.0 months vs. 5.0 months, P=0.011). However, combination of chemotherapy and ICIs with anti-angiogenesis inhibitors or multi-target inhibitors did not significantly improve PFS in patients with KRAS G12C mutant NSCLC (P>0.05). Patients with KRAS G12C mutation NSCLC treated with ICIs and KRAS G12C patients with TP53 mutation had significantly longer median PFS than those with STK11 mutation (9.0 months vs. 4.3 months, P=0.012). Conclusions: Patients with KRAS G12C mutant NSCLC have relatively higher levels of PD-L1 expression and can benefit from ICIs treatment. The feasibility of chemotherapy, ICIs therapy and their combination needs further investigation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , B7-H1 Antigen/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , China , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/genetics , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 350-356, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981962

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) with different rewarming time on neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed on 101 neonates with HIE who were born and received MTH in Zhongshan Hospital, Xiamen University, from January 2018 to January 2022. These neonates were randomly divided into two groups: MTH1 group (n=50; rewarming for 10 hours at a rate of 0.25°C/h) and MTH2 group (n=51; rewarming for 25 hours at a rate of 0.10°C/h). The clinical features and the clinical efficacy were compared between the two groups. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors influencing the occurrence of normal sleep-wake cycle (SWC) on amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) at 25 hours of rewarming.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences between the MTH1 and MTH2 groups in gestational age, 5-minute Apgar score, and proportion of neonates with moderate/severe HIE (P>0.05). Compared with the MTH2 group, the MTH1 group tended to have a normal arterial blood pH value at the end of rewarming, a significantly shorter duration of oxygen dependence, a significantly higher proportion of neonates with normal SWC on aEEG at 10 and 25 hours of rewarming, and a significantly higher Neonatal Behavioral Neurological Assessment score on days 5, 12, and 28 after birth (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the incidence rate of rewarming-related seizures between the two groups (P>0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidence rate of neurological disability at 6 months of age and the score of Bayley Scale of Infant Development at 3 and 6 months of age (P>0.05). The binary logistic regression analysis showed that prolonged rewarming time (25 hours) was not conducive to the occurrence of normal SWC (OR=3.423, 95%CI: 1.237-9.469, P=0.018).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Rewarming for 10 hours has a better short-term clinical efficacy than rewarming for 25 hours. Prolonging rewarming time has limited clinical benefits on neonates with moderate/severe HIE and is not conducive to the occurrence of normal SWC, and therefore, it is not recommended as a routine treatment method.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child , Humans , Child, Preschool , Prospective Studies , Rewarming , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/therapy , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Treatment Outcome , Electroencephalography/methods
18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 655-660, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981803

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out carrier screening for Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in reproductive-aged individuals from Dongguan region and determine the carrier frequency of SMN1 gene mutations.@*METHODS@#Reproductive-aged individuals who underwent SMN1 genetic screening at the Dongguan Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from March 2020 to August 2022 were selected as the study subjects. Deletions of exon 7 and 8 (E7/E8) of the SMN1 gene were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR), and prenatal diagnosis was provided for carrier couples by multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA).@*RESULTS@#Among the 35 145 subjects, 635 were found to be carriers of SMN1 E7 deletion (586 with heterozygous E7/E8 deletion, 2 with heterozygous E7 deletion and homozygous E8 deletion, and 47 with sole heterozygous E7 deletion). The carrier frequency was 1.81% (635/35 145), with 1.59% (29/1 821) in males and 1.82% (606/33 324) in females. There was no significant difference between the two genders (χ² = 0.497, P = 0.481). A 29-year-old woman was found to harbor homozygous deletion of SMN1 E7/E8, and was verified to have a SMN1∶SMN2 ratio of [0∶4], none of her three family members with a [0∶4] genotype had clinical symptoms. Eleven carrier couples had accepted prenatal diagnosis, and one fetus was found to have a [0∶4] genotype, and the pregnancy was terminated.@*CONCLUSION@#This study has determined the SMA carrier frequency in Dongguan region for the first time and provided prenatal diagnosis for carrier couples. The data can provide a reference for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis, which has important clinical implications for the prevention and control of birth defects associated with SMA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pregnancy , Male , Female , Adult , Homozygote , Sequence Deletion , Prenatal Diagnosis , Genetic Testing , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal/genetics , Survival of Motor Neuron 1 Protein/genetics , Genetic Carrier Screening
19.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 482-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981566

ABSTRACT

Recently, deep learning has achieved impressive results in medical image tasks. However, this method usually requires large-scale annotated data, and medical images are expensive to annotate, so it is a challenge to learn efficiently from the limited annotated data. Currently, the two commonly used methods are transfer learning and self-supervised learning. However, these two methods have been little studied in multimodal medical images, so this study proposes a contrastive learning method for multimodal medical images. The method takes images of different modalities of the same patient as positive samples, which effectively increases the number of positive samples in the training process and helps the model to fully learn the similarities and differences of lesions on images of different modalities, thus improving the model's understanding of medical images and diagnostic accuracy. The commonly used data augmentation methods are not suitable for multimodal images, so this paper proposes a domain adaptive denormalization method to transform the source domain images with the help of statistical information of the target domain. In this study, the method is validated with two different multimodal medical image classification tasks: in the microvascular infiltration recognition task, the method achieves an accuracy of (74.79 ± 0.74)% and an F1 score of (78.37 ± 1.94)%, which are improved as compared with other conventional learning methods; for the brain tumor pathology grading task, the method also achieves significant improvements. The results show that the method achieves good results on multimodal medical images and can provide a reference solution for pre-training multimodal medical images.


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Brain Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Recognition, Psychology
20.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 429-435, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981287

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features,immunohistochemical features,diagnosis,and relationship with sporadic prostate cancer in primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics of 12 patients with primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder diagnosed at Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2013 to September 2022.The histological features of primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder were re-evaluated by two pathologists according to the 2022 revision of the World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Urinary System and Male Genital Organs.Electronic medical records were retrieved,and telephone follow-up was conducted from the time of histopathological diagnosis to the death or the end of the last follow-up until January 31,2023. Results The 12 patients include 7 patients in pT3 stage and 1 patient in pT4 stage.Eight patients were complicated with other types of tumors,such as high-grade urothelial carcinoma of the bladder and squamous cell carcinoma.Five patients had sporadic prostate cancer.Immunohistochemical staining showed that 12 (100.0%),10 (83.3%),and 8 (66.7%) patients were tested positive for CD56,Syn,and CgA,respectively.The Ki67 proliferation index ranged from 80% to 90%.Five patients with urothelial carcinoma were tested positive for CK20,GATA3,and CK7.P504S was positive in all the 5 patients with prostate cancer,while P63 and 34βE12 were negative.The follow-up of the 12 patients lasted for 3-60 months.Eight of these patients died during follow-up,with the median survival of 15.5 months.Four patients survived. Conclusions Primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder is a rare urological tumor with high aggressiveness and poor prognosis.In male patients with bladder prostatectomy,all prostate tissue should be sampled.If prostate cancer is detected,the prostate-specific antigen level should be monitored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/pathology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Urinary Bladder/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Prostatic Neoplasms , Biomarkers, Tumor
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