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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921722

ABSTRACT

The editorial group of the clinical practice guideline for postmenopausal osteoporosis(PMOP) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)(hereinafter referred to as "guideline") is composed of experts specialized in TCM orthopedics, TCM gynecology, clinical epidemiology, etc. The guideline was formulated through registration, collection and selection of clinical issues/outcome indicators, evidence retrieval and screening, preparation of systematic reviews, evaluation of evidence quality, formation of recommendations, drafting, and peer review. The syndromes and treatment of PMOP are elaborated in detail. Specifically, Liuwei Dihuang Pills and Zuogui Pills are recommended for PMOP with Yin deficiency in the liver and kidney, Qing'e Pills for PMOP with kidney deficiency and blood stasis, Yougui Pills and Jingui Shenqi Pills for PMOP with Yang deficiency in the spleen and kidney, and Er'xian Decoction for PMOP with Yin and Yang deficiency in the kidney. In addition, Duhuo Jisheng Decoction can be used to relieve pain. The commonly used Chinese patent medicines include Xianling Gubao Capsules, Qianggu Capsules, Jintiange Capsules, Gushukang Capsules, Hugu Capsules, Jinwu Gutong Capsules, and Guyuling Capsules. Acupuncture and moxibustion are also effective approaches for PMOP. The rehabilitation and daily management were carried out by exercise therapies such as Baduanjin(eight-section brocade), Wuqinxi(five-animal exercises), and Taijiquan(Tai Chi), Chinese medicine diet, health education, and fall prevention. The promotion and application of this guideline will facilitate the implementation of TCM prevention and treatment of PMOP, ensure the quality of life of PMOP patients, provide effective and safe TCM treatment measures for PMOP, and reduce the risk of fracture complications.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Yin Deficiency
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888090

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the outcome indicators of the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis(PMOP) to provide a reference for the related research. Four Chinese databa-ses(CNKI, VIP, Wanfang and CBM) and three English databases(Cochrane Library, EMbase and PubMed) were searched syste-matically to screen RCTs of TCM in the treatment of PMOP according to the pre-set criteria, and the quality of the included trials was evaluated by the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. A total of 29 627 articles were initially retrieved, and finally, 43 articles were included, including 34 in Chinese and 9 in English. As revealed by the results, the outcome indicators of 43 RCTs were mainly divided into six categories, with biochemical indicators accounting for 54.59%, bone mineral density(BMD) for 26.57%, quality of life for 6.28%, fracture for 1.94%, safety for 5.31%(including adverse reactions or events) and others for 5.31%. Biochemical indicators showed the maximum occurrence, followed by BMD. Many problems were found in the selection of outcome indicators of the TCM RCTs in the treatment of PMOP, such as the confusion of primary and secondary outcome indicators, the lack of endpoint criteria and vital clinical outcome indicators substituted by intermediate indicators, inconsistent evaluation standard of syndrome curative efficacy and neglected blinding in the measurement of subjective outcome indicators. The problems also included importance given to the efficacy indicators instead of the adverse outcome indicators, unnormalized indicator name, large quantitative range of the indicators, unconventional application of TCM efficacy criteria, seldom used confidence interval, relative effect indicator and absolute effect indicator.


Subject(s)
Bone Density , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828413

ABSTRACT

Lanqin Oral Liquid is a Chinese patent medicine which contains Isatidis Radix, Scutellariae Radix, Gardeniae Fructus, Phellodendri Chinensis Cordex and Sterculiae Lychophorae Semen. It is known for the pharmaceutical effect on the upper respiratory tract infection as it is beneficial for relieving the swelling of pharyngeal. In terms of Chinese medicine, it offers a clearing action on heat and toxic materials. According to the principle of Chinese medicine, different diseases can be treated by the same therapy as long as they have the same syndrome. Based on this unique diagnosis and treatment approach, Lanqin Oral Liquid was applicable to diseases with syndrome of excessive heat in lung and stomach. It was therefore commonly be used in the therapeutic approach towards hand, foot and mouth disease as well. However, no systematic evaluation had yet been done to verify this Chinese patent medicine on the efficacy and clinical safety for the disease. In order to achieve the manner of evidence-based medicine, this study had adopted a systematic review and Meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Lanqin Oral Liquid in the treatment of hand, foot and mouth disease. All related randomized controlled trials(RCT) were searched in the following data bases: CNKI, WanFang, VIP, SinoMed, Cochrane Library and PubMed. Based on the method provided by the Cochrane collaboration, the study assessed the quality of papers selected and RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform Meta-analysis. Totally 24 studies were included with 3 491 sample size, which 1 826 cases were treatment group and 1 665 cases were control group. From the results of Meta-analysis, the total effective rate of combination of Lanqin Oral Liquid and Western medicines shown better than Western medicine alone in the treatment for hand, foot and mouth di-sease, but mild adverse event were also found(RR=1.20,95%CI[1.16,1.23],P<0.000 01). Incidence of adverse reaction between experimental and control group was statistically insignificant(RR=1.16, 95%CI[0.79, 1.70], P=0.45). No conclusion was able to made in terms of the remission time of clinical symptoms, as the studies included were not qualified for Meta-analysis. As a matter of fact, the number of existing studies related to the Lanqin Oral Liquid were limited with poor quality as well. In other words, high quality studies were essential to further evaluate the efficacy and safety of Lanqin Oral Liquid.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Humans , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Research Design
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relevance ratio of osteoporosis and bone mass of middle aged and elderly people in Beijing communities, in order to understand occurrence and development trend of abnormality of bone mass in high-risk population from community.@*METHODS@#Based on the method of cross-sectional investigation, the information data of 1 540 middle-aged and elderly people from 10 communities were collected, including 415 males and 1 125 females, aged from 45 to 80 years old with the average of (63.02±7.15) years old; the height was (161.34±7.24) cm, the weight was (65.90±10.19) kg, body mass index was (25.29±3.32) kg /m2. Bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar vertebrae (L@*RESULTS@#The level of β-CTX was(0.27±0.12) ng /ml, procollanen type 1 N-terminal propeptide(P1NP) was(51.03± 22.36) ng /ml, 25(OH) D3 was (16.68±6.24) ng /ml, serum calcium was(2.34±0.09) mmol / L, blood phosphorus was (1.43± 0.37) mmol / L, and blood magnesium was (0.94±0.07) mmol / L, alkaline phosphatase was (79.28±20.48) U/ L, parathyroid hormone was (3.09±1.60) pmol / L, osteocalcin was (13.29±6.65) ng /ml. Except for blood magnesium, the other indexes had significant differences between different sex groups(@*CONCLUSION@#There are obvious differences in relevance ratio of osteoporosis and low bone mass among different sites. It is suggested that the clinical diagnosis of osteoporosis should be combined with bone mineral density and bone metabolic markers. With the increasing prevalence of osteoporosis among middle aged and elderly people in Beijing community, continuous follow-up research based on community primary health care units could promote early examination, early diagnosis, and early treatment of middle aged and elderly people at high risk of osteoporosis in community.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Beijing/epidemiology , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis/epidemiology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777488

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Breviscapine Injection in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy( DN). Eight electronic databases and Clinical Trials.gov were searched to collect randomized controlled trials on Breviscapine Injection in the treatment of DN. According to the Cochrane Handbook 5. 1,two independent reviewers screened out the literatures,extracted data and assessed the quality of the studies included. Rev Man5. 3 software was used for the data analysis. A total of 29 studies containing 37 trials were included,involving 2 097 patients,1 054 cases in test groups and 1 043 cases in control groups. The clinical studies included had a low overall quality. According to Meta-analysis: ①Conventional therapy plus breviscapine injection was superior to conventional therapy in total efficiency rate,24 h UTP,SCR,BUN,UEAR,ALB and m ALB during DN stage Ⅲ( RRtotal effective rate=1. 60,95%CI [1. 32,1. 93],P<0. 000 01; SMD24 h UTP=-1. 21,95%CI[-1. 56,-0. 87],P<0. 000 01; MDSCR=-6. 33,95%CI[-9. 20,-3. 46],P<0. 000 1; MDBUN=-6. 6,95%CI[-1. 10,-0. 22],P = 0. 003; MDUEAR=-20. 30,95%CI [-28. 14,-12. 46],P<0. 000 01; MDALB= 0. 47,95%CI[0. 42,0. 52],P<0. 000 01; MDmALB=-10. 03,95%CI[-10. 62,-9. 46],P<0. 000 01). ②Conventional therapy plus Breviscapine Injection was better than conventional therapy in total efficiency rate( only 1 study),24 h UTP,SCR and BUN during DN stage Ⅳ( RRtotal effective rate= 1. 57,95% CI[1. 10,2. 25],P = 0. 01; SMD24 h UTP=-0. 52,95% CI [-0. 71,-0. 33],P<0. 000 01; MDSCR=-35. 38,95%CI[-48. 57,-22. 19],P<0. 000 01; MDBUN=-1. 89,95%CI [-3. 01,-0. 77],P<0. 000 01). ③Conventional therapy plus Breviscapine Injection was better than conventional therapy in SCR( MD =-26. 35,95% CI[-47. 45,-5. 24],P= 0. 01),but with no significant difference in 24 h UTP,BUN and ALB during DN stageⅤ. ④It was impossible to obtain the specific judgment information on the adverse reactions of Breviscapine Injection in the treatment of the disease from the existing evidences. The current evidences suggest that the combination of Breviscapine Injection and conventional therapy had a certain curative effect in the treatment of DN,especially in stages Ⅲ and Ⅳ. The safety of Breviscapine Injection needs to be further explored.Because the low quality of the study impacted the accuracy of the result,more rigorous,high-quality,multi-center,randomized doubleblind controlled trials are required to increase the support of the evidences in the future.


Subject(s)
Diabetic Nephropathies , Drug Therapy, Combination , Flavonoids , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774594

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the effectiveness and safety of Kudiezi Injection in treating patients with acute cerebral infarction( ACI). Four Chinese databases( CNKI,VIP,Wan Fang,Sino Med),three English databases( Cochrane Library,EMbase,Medline)and Clinical Trail.gov were systematically and comprehensively retrieved. The retrieval time was from the establishment of each database to November 2017. Randomized controlled trials( RCTs) for the treatment of acute cerebral infarction with Kudiezi Injection were screened out according to pre-established inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The quality of the included studies was assessed using the Cochrane Risk Assessment Tool,and the included studies were put into descriptive analysis or Meta-analysis using the Rev Man 5. 3 software. A total of 932 articles were retrieved,and finally 14 studies were included. Except for 2 multi-arm trials,the total sample size was 1 244 in the experimental group and 638 in the control group. The overall quality of the included studies was not high. The results of Meta-analysis showed that Kudiezi + conventional therapy for acute cerebral infarction was superior to conventional therapy in total effective rate( RR = 0. 86,95% CI[0. 77,0. 96],P = 0. 006); Kudiezi + conventional therapy for acute cerebral infarction was superior to conventional therapy in serum inflammatory factors( MDhs-CRP=-3. 77,95% CI[-4. 17,-3. 37],P < 0. 000 01; MDIL-18=-16. 18,95% CI[-19. 26,-13. 11],P<0. 000 01); Kudiezi + conventional therapy was superior to conventional therapy in Barthel index( MD = 12. 52,95%CI[8. 93,16. 10],P<0. 000 01). Adverse reactions included in the study reports showed mild adverse reactions. Based on the results of this study,Kudiezi Injection combined with conventional therapy or other Western medicine had a certain curative effect on acute cerebral infarction,with no serious adverse reactions. However,due to the low quality of the included research methodology,the conclusions of this study were not recommended. In addition,in order to produce high-quality evidence for the clinical application of Kudiezi Injections,more randomized controlled trials with a large sample size,scientific design and strict implementation were required to study the effectiveness and safety of Kudiezi Injection in the treatment of cerebral infarction.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Injections , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771661

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the methodological quality and reporting quality of randomized controlled trials(RCTs) published in China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica, we searched CNKI and China Journal of Chinese Materia webpage to collect RCTs since the establishment of the magazine. The Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of RCTs. The CONSORT 2010 list was adopted as reporting quality evaluating tool. Finally, 184 RCTs were included and evaluated methodologically, of which 97 RCTs were evaluated with reporting quality. For the methodological evaluating, 62 trials(33.70%) reported the random sequence generation; 9(4.89%) trials reported the allocation concealment; 25(13.59%) trials adopted the method of blinding; 30(16.30%) trials reported the number of patients withdrawing, dropping out and those lost to follow-up;2 trials (1.09%) reported trial registration and none of the trial reported the trial protocol; only 8(4.35%) trials reported the sample size estimation in details. For reporting quality appraising, 3 reporting items of 25 items were evaluated with high-quality,including: abstract, participants qualified criteria, and statistical methods; 4 reporting items with medium-quality, including purpose, intervention, random sequence method, and data collection of sites and locations; 9 items with low-quality reporting items including title, backgrounds, random sequence types, allocation concealment, blindness, recruitment of subjects, baseline data, harms, and funding;the rest of items were of extremely low quality(the compliance rate of reporting item<10%). On the whole, the methodological and reporting quality of RCTs published in the magazine are generally low. Further improvement in both methodological and reporting quality for RCTs of traditional Chinese medicine are warranted. It is recommended that the international standards and procedures for RCT design should be strictly followed to conduct high-quality trials. At the same time, in order to improve the reporting quality of randomized controlled trials, CONSORT standards should be adopted in the preparation of research reports and submissions.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Publications , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reference Standards
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775393

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of breviscapine injection in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris (UAP). Eight electronic databases and clinical trials registries were searched to collect randomized controlled trials on breviscapine injection in the treatment of UAP. According to the evaluation standards in Cochrane Handbook 5.1, two independent reviewers screened out the literature, extracted data and assessed the quality of the studies included. RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta quantitative analysis and corresponding description analysis. A total of 36 studies involving 3 058 patients were included, 1 552 cases in the trial group, 1 506 cases in the control group, 1 846 males and 1 212 females. All the clinical studies showed a low quality. Meta-analysis results showed that the combination of breviscapine injection and conventional therapy was superior to conventional therapy in angina pectoris efficacy (RRangina pectoris efficacy=1.29, 95%CI[1.23,1.35],<0.000 01;RRECG1=1.25,95%CI[1.12,1.38],<0.000 1;RRECG2=1.38,95%CI[1.27,1.49],<0.000 01); descriptive analysis of a single study showed that the efficacy of combination of breviscapine injection and conventional therapy was superior to that of conventional therapy alone. In respect of hemorheology, the combination of breviscapine injection and conventional therapy was better than conventional therapy in lowering LBV and EAI (MDLBV=-1.27,95%CI[-1.55,-0.99],<0.000 01;MDEAI=-0.38,95%CI[-0.60,-0.16],=0.000 6), as well as in lowering WBV and HCT in the descriptive analysis of single study. In respect of blood lipid, the combination of breviscapine injection and conventional therapy was better than conventional therapy in lowering TC, TG and LDL-C (MDTC=-0.30,95%CI[-0.51,-0.10],=0.003;MDTG=-0.32,95%CI[-0.77,0.13],=0.16;MDLDL-C=-0.45,95%CI[-0.76,-0.14],=0.004). In reducing the frequency of angina attacks, heart rate, high sensitive C-reactive protein and improving exercise tolerance, the combination of breviscapine injection and conventional therapy was also superior to the conventional therapy alone (MDFAP=-3.30,95%CI[-4.06,-2.54],< 0.000 01;MDHR=-9.38,95%CI[-12.78,-5.98],=0.000 2;MDhs-CRP=-0.56,95%CI[-0.85,-0.27],=0.000 2;MDET=0.88,95%CI[0.41,1.35],=0.000 2). The main adverse reactions in the two groups included headache, dizziness, palpitations, nausea, abdominal distension, skin pruritus, flushes and allergic reactions in the study. The safety of breviscapine injection needs to be further studied and clarified because of the combination of drugs and the incomplete information reported in the original study. The current evidence suggested that the combination of breviscapine injection and conventional therapy had certain advantages in curative effect for the treatment of UAP. Due to the low quality of the study and its own shortcomings, it is necessary to design more rigorous, high-quality, multi-center randomized double-blind controlled trials to increase the strength of the evidence.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Drug Therapy , Angina, Unstable , Drug Therapy , Female , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Humans , Male , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775366

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Kudiezi injection in the treatment of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. Four Chinese databases (CNKI, VIP, WanFang, and SinoMed) and three English databases (Cochrane Library, Medline, and ClinicalTrail.gov) were systematically and comprehensively searched from the establishment of each database to March 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the treatment of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease with Kudiezi injection (KDZ) were screened according to the pre-established inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The quality of the included studies was evaluated by using the ROB tool developed by the Cochrane Collaboration, and RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis. A total of 712 articles were retrieved and finally 38 studies were included. The total sample size was 3 812 cases, 1 945 in the experimental group and 1 867 in the control group. The overall quality of the included studies was generally low. The results of Meta-analysis showed that: KDZ combined with conventional or western medicine was superior to conventional or western medicine alone in the effectiveness and electrocardiogram efficacy of angina pectoris and unstable angina. The descriptive analysis showed that KDZ combined with conventional treatment group was superior to conventional treatment group in agina pectoris associated indicators of angina pectoris and unstable angina. Other outcome measures were easily affected by various factors (such as too large heterogeneity of outcome indicators) and could not be concluded. Adverse reactions included in the study report were all mild adverse reactions and did not affect treatment. Based on the results of this study, it can be seen that Kudiezi injection had a certain effect on the treatment of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease, especially with significant positive effect on the improvement of the curative effect for angina pectoris and the effect of electrocardiogram. No serious adverse reactions occurred. However, due to the limited number of studies included, the generally low quality of the included studies, and the existence of published biases, the quality of the evidence in this study was low, so that caution should be taken to apply this conclusion. The effectiveness and safety of Kudiezi injection in the treatment of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease remained to be confirmed in the future with a well-designed and rigorous multi-center randomized controlled trials with standardized report, large sample, and enough follow-up time.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Drug Therapy , Angina, Unstable , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Heart , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335749

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Kuhuang injection in treating viral hepatitis. Eight electronic databases and clinic trials were searched to collect randomized controlled trials for the effect of Kuhuang injection in the treatment of viral hepatitis. According to the Cochrane Handbook 5.1, two independent reviewers screened out the literatures, extracted data and assessed the quality of thestudies included. RevMan5.3 software was used for the data analysis. A total of 32 articles were included, involving 3 188 patients, including male 1 951 cases (61.2%), female 859 cases (26.9%), and 378 cases of unknown sex (11.9%). All the clinical studies showed a low quality. Due to the complication of diseases and difficulty in intervention measures, most trails were classified by the condition of diseases, and then a descriptive analysis was made. The results showed that the test group was better than the control group in total efficiency of treating severe icteric viral hepatitis, and the test group was advantageous over the control group in jaundice removal and liver function recovery rate in treating icteric hepatitis. In the Meta-analysis on the RCTs for icteric viral hepatitis, the total efficiency of Kuhuang injection + comprehensive treatment group was higher than that of the comprehensive treatment group (RR=1.35, 95%CI=[1.10,1.66], P=0.61). In addition, when Kuhuang injection was dripped too fast, patients had such adverse reactionsas dizziness, palpitation, nausea, vomiting and skin rash, which could be relieved at a lower dripping speed.Based on the existing evidences, Kuhuang injection had a certain effect in treating viral hepatitis. Most clinic trails did not include viral hepatitis etiology, clinical classification and diversified intervention measures, which resulted in a high clinical heterogeneity and poor comparability between trails. Besides, most trials had a low methodological quality, which affected the authenticity of the results. Therefore, more high-quality, multi-center, large-sample, randomized double-blind controlled trialsarerequired to prove the evidences.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275152

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed to identify and assess the methodological quality of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) clinical practice guidelines (CPG) in China by using AGREE Ⅱ tool. CNKI, SinoMed, Wanfang, and VIP Chinese databases from database establishment to March 2017 were searched by manual retrieval to collect all the clinical practice guidelines prepared by various associations or organizations, then AGREE Ⅱtool was used to assess them. Data in each CPG were analyzed in terms of six domains, including scope and purpose, participants, rigor, clarity and readability, applicability and editorial independence. A total of 4 CPGs were included. The results showed that the scope and purpose scored 45.8%; the clarity of expression scored 44.75%; the participants scored 31.9%; the rigor scored 18.98%; the applicability scored 7%; and finally the editorial independence scored 1%. It is concluded that the quality of applicability and the editorial independence should attained paid more attention in future development or updating of the guidelines. In addition to strengthening the compliance with international general principles, we should also pay attention to the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine treatment, especially the related evidences as complementary and alternative treatment for western intervention measures.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337915

ABSTRACT

To analyze the regularity in combined medication with Xiyanping injection (Xiyanping for short) in the real world by as- sociation rules. Totally 5 822 patients using Xiyanping injection was collected from the 18 Class III Grade I hospitals nationwide to study the combined medication information of the patient with lung infection and make the analysis by using association rules and Apriori. According to the results, major drugs combined with Xiyanping in treatment of lung infection included compound amino acid, inosine, coenzyme A, cytidine triphosphate, vitamin C. Common drugs combined with Xiyanping can be divided into 5 categories: nutrition support therapy (vitamin C, compound amino acid) , coenzymes (coenzyme A, cytidine triphosphate, inosine), expectorants and antiasthmatics (ambroxol, salbutamol, doxofylline), hormones (dexamethasone, budesonide), antibiotics (mainly cefminox). The main combined medicines mostly conformed to the regularity for drugs treating lung infection. In addition, there were two most common medical combination models: the model for Xiyanping combined a single medicine is Xiyanping + nutrition support therapy, while the model for Xiyanping combined two or more than two medicines is Xiyanping + nutrition support therapy + coenzyme. Pharmacologically, Xiyanping is mostly combined with western medicines with similar pharmacological effects to substitute or supplement the antibiotic effect in treating lung infection. However, further studies shall be conducted for the safety and rationality of the combined medication based on clinical practices, in order to provide reference for clinical medication.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Ascorbic Acid , Cephamycins , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Hospital Information Systems , Humans , Lung Diseases , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291372

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Hospital information system data of cerebral infaction patients who received parenterally administered Shuxuetong was analyzed. This provided frequency data regarding patients' conditions and related information in order to provide a clinical reference guide.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>In this study, HIS data from 18 hospitals was analyzed. Patients receiving parenterally administered Shuxuetong for the treatment of cerebral infarction were included. Information on age, gender, costsand route of administration were collated.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The average age of patients was 66 years old. Days of hospitalization ranged from 15 to 28 days. The majority of patients were classified as having phlegm and blood stasis syndrome, which is inaccordance with the indications for this drug. The most commonly used drugs used in combination with parenterally administered Shuxuetong were: aspirin, insulin and heparin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Patients with cerebral infarction crowd using parenterally administered Shuxuetong were a mostly elderly population, with an average age of 66. Although generally use was in accordance with indications, dosage, and route of administration, there were however some discrepancies. Therefore, doctors need to pay close attention to guidelines and closely observe patients when using parenterally administered Shuxuetong and to consider both the clinical benefits and risks.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aspirin , Therapeutic Uses , Cerebral Infarction , Drug Therapy , Child , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Heparin , Therapeutic Uses , Hospital Information Systems , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Pragmatic Clinical Trials as Topic , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238559

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To estimate treatment effects of Shuxuetong injection on abnormal changes on ALT index, that is, to explore whether the Shuxuetong injection harms liver function in clinical settings and to provide clinical guidance for its safe application.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Clinical information of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) injections is gathered from hospital information system (HIS) of eighteen general hospitals. This is a retrospective cohort study, using abnormal changes in ALT index as an outcome. A large number of confounding biases are taken into account through the generalized boosted models (GBM) and multiple logistic regression model (MLRM) to estimate the treatment effects of Shuxuetong injections on abnormal changes in ALT index and to explore possible influencing factors.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The advantages and process of application of GBM has been demonstrated with examples which eliminate the biases from most confounding variables between groups. This serves to modify the estimation of treatment effects of Shuxuetong injection on ALT index making the results more reliable.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Based on large scale clinical observational data from HIS database, significant effects of Shuxuetong injection on abnormal changes in ALT have not been found.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alanine Transaminase , Metabolism , Child , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Hospital Information Systems , Humans , Liver , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Pragmatic Clinical Trials as Topic , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238558

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To estimate real world treatment effects of parenterally administered Shuxuetong on abnormal changes in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) index, inorder to to explore whether parenterally administered Shuxuetong affects kidney function and to provide clinical guidance for its safe application.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Analyze hospital information system (HIS) data and laboratory information management system (LIS) data from 18 nationawide general hospitals in China. A retrospective cohort study with two cohorts of patients, assessing abnormal changes of BUN index as an outcome, confounding factors are balanced through use of generalized boosted models (GBM) and multiple logistic regression based on adjusted propensity score to estimate treatment effects of parenterally administered Shuxuetong on abnormal changes of BUN index and to explore possible influencing factors.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Logistic regression based on adjusted propensity score results showed that there was a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05), in abnormal BUN in rates between the two groups. However, the GBM propensity score method showed that abnormal BUN rates were not statistically significantly different between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Based on large sample clinical observational data from HIS and LIS database, significant effects of parenterally administered Shuxuetong on abnormal changes of BUN have not been found. The generalized boosted models (GBM) method is more suitable for retrospective non-randomized observational data. These results should be confirmed through largescale prospective randomized controlled trials.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Urea Nitrogen , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Hospital Information Systems , Humans , Infusions, Parenteral , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Pragmatic Clinical Trials as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Urea , Blood , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338034

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In order to find out the condition of patients who used the Shuxuetong injection and provide reference and guidance for clinical practice, we analyzed the data of related indicators in patients in the HIS based of the frequency analysis methods.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>In this study, we selected the hospitalized patient information in 20 hospital information systems (HIS). Reference to the integrated data warehouse build mode, including some information such as age, gender, cost categories of patients, route of administration etc.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The average age of patients are 59-years-old , 56-years-old age and 71-years-old age are the two high peaks during the age distribution. Patients covered by health insurance accounted for 75.8%; Intravenous infusion in patients accounted for 95.76%; Patient are also diagnosed as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, such as hypertension, cerebral infarction, coronary heart diseas, combined with other medicines such as aspirin, insulin, heparin etc.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Crowd using Shuxuetong injection mostly in the elderly population, most patients covered by health insurance, the route of administration conforms instructions basically, please attention the benefits and risks of the patients in the clinical practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child, Preschool , Clinical Trials as Topic , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Hospital Information Systems , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338023

ABSTRACT

The adverse reactions caused by the traditional Chinese medicine has become increasingly aroused great attention. Traditional Chinese medicine injection may produce insoluble particles in the process of production, preparation and infusion, which is one of the reasons caused some adverse drug reactions such as phlebitis, allergic reactions, so it is essential that how to control Chinese medicine injection of insoluble drug particles enter human clinical safety. The author retrieve a large number of paper, from the infusion of particles, analysis traditional Chinese medicine injection and insoluble particles in the liquid compatibility increased occurrence and cause, comparative advantages and disadvantages of the ordinary infusion and precision infusion, which found that using sophisticated filters infusion of traditional Chinese medicine injection control of traditional Chinese medicine injection of insoluble particles enter the blood vessels, thereby reducing the occurrence of adverse drug reactions part of the traditional Chinese medicine injection, is the best, most effective, most secure way of infusion.


Subject(s)
Drug Delivery Systems , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Humans , Infusions, Parenteral
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257168

ABSTRACT

The problems in the clinical test design of acupuncture therapy for rehabilitation of stroke at present are probed. The main problems now are: the objective of the test is not clear and definite; main and adjuvant points are not clear; needling manipulation is not clear or has no standards of manipulation; the model of the needling instrument is not definite, etc. For really becoming acupuncture therapy as a world medicine, it is necessary to continuously complete and raise the test design, manipulation standardization and united quantitative standard in acupuncture therapy for rehabilitation of stroke.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Reference Standards , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Methods , Reference Standards , Stroke , Therapeutics
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