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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 712-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976109

ABSTRACT

@#A diving decompression procedure is a specific rule that divers should follow when they ascend and get out of water. It comes from the decompression theory and algorithm and is designed for the prevention of decompression sickness. With the , , development of diving technology and diving medicine the decompression procedures are constantly innovated and the new , decompression procedure can be used in diving practice after safety verification. In principle the safety verification of , decompression procedures should be conducted on animal experiments before human experiments and the risks of , decompression sickness and oxygen toxicity should be systematically assessed. However the assessment methods used in , , , different studies differ greatly thus it is urgent to establish a standard and universal verification system. Traditionally the risk , , assessment of decompression sickness and oxygen toxicity is mainly carried out by observing the incidence detecting bubbles , theoretical calculation and lung functional test. Furthermore biochemical indicators are increasingly becoming important , , supplements. Due to the special underwater environment the diving operation is prone to accidents. Therefore in addition to , verifying the safety of the new decompression procedure exploring its safety decompression limit is of great significance for the formulation of emergency decompression procedures in emergency situations. The specific approach is to shorten the decompression time and assess the safety until the critical time for detecting bubbles without the occurrence of decompression , , sickness is found. Future studies should continue to optimize safety assessment methods explore sensitive biochemical markers , clarify species associations and improve verification efficiency and reliability of results.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4165-4168, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272717

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to provide guidance for the heterogenous gene expression, gene prediction and species evolution by analyzing codon usage bias of Catharanthus roseus.The codon composition and usage bias of 30 437 high-confidence coding sequences from C.roseus were analyzed and the proportion of rare codons of Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in 25 genes involved in the biosynthesis of terpenoid indole alkaloids (TIAs) in C.roseus were calculated.The results showed that the average GC content of the genes was 42.47%; the average GC content of the third bases in codon was 35.89%.The relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU) of 28 codons were greater than 1 and 26 of them ended with A or T.The above 25 genes involved in TIA biosynthesis contained much more rare condons of E.coli than that of S.cerevisiae.It was concluded that C.roseus mainly prefered the codons ending with A or T and the rule of codon usage was more different to E.coli than S.cerevisiae.Thus, S.cerevisiae may be more suitable host for heterologous expression of these genes.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2155-2159, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330330

ABSTRACT

In order to construct an integrated DNA barcoding database for identifying Chinese animal medicine, the authors and their cooperators have completed a lot of researches for identifying Chinese animal medicines using DNA barcoding technology. Sequences from GenBank have been analyzed simultaneously. Three different methods, BLAST, barcoding gap and Tree building, have been used to confirm the reliabilities of barcode records in the database. The integrated DNA barcoding database for identifying Chinese animal medicine has been constructed using three different parts: specimen, sequence and literature information. This database contained about 800 animal medicines and the adulterants and closely related species. Unknown specimens can be identified by pasting their sequence record into the window on the ID page of species identification system for traditional Chinese medicine (www. tcmbarcode. cn). The integrated DNA barcoding database for identifying Chinese animal medicine is significantly important for animal species identification, rare and endangered species conservation and sustainable utilization of animal resources.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Methods , Databases, Nucleic Acid , Eukaryota , Classification , Genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1340-1345, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299129

ABSTRACT

Codon usage bias is an important characteristic of genetic information transfer in organisms. Analysis of codon usage bias of different species is important for understanding the rules on genetic information transfer. The previous method for analysis of codon usage bias is mainly based on genomic data. However, this method is greatly limited, because the genome sequences of higher organisms are still not available up to now. In this study, we found that we could obtain the same optimal codons of Ganoderma lucidum (Curtis: Fr.) P. Karst based on its whole genomic data or large-scale transcriptomic data from its liquid-cultured hyphae, primordium and fruiting body, separately. This result indicated the feasibility to understand the codon usage bias based on the large-scale transcriptomic data. By calculating the proportion of rare codons of Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in 26 terpene synthases (TS) of G. lucidum, we found that the rare codons of S. cerevisiae have a higher proportion in TS genes, while the rare codons of E. coli have relatively lower, suggesting that the TS genes of G. lucidum are possibly more difficult to be expressed in S. cerevisiae than in E. coli. Chemical synthesis of TS genes according to the yeast optimal codons will be an effective way to solve the problem on the mismatch of gene codon bias between the foreign genes and the host strain.


Subject(s)
Codon , Escherichia coli , Genome, Fungal , Reishi , Genetics , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Transcriptome
5.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1166-1170, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309303

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of Chinese materia medica (CMM) combined chemotherapy on the recurrence, metastasis, and the disease free survival (DFS) of stage II and III colorectal cancer (CC) patients after radical cure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Recruited were 366 inpatients and outpatients with stage II and III colorectal cancer (CC) from Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, and Tumor Department of Longhua Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2002 to December 2008. A non-randomized concurrent control method was adopted. Patients were assigned to the combination group (treated by CMM + chemotherapy, 189 cases) and the chemotherapy group (177 cases) according to whether they were willing to receive the CMM treatment for more than 6 successive months. By using follow-ups at clinics, by letter, and by telephone, the DFS, 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year DFS ratios were observed. The correlations between DFS and the gender, age, tumor location, staging of clinical pathology, pathological type, chemotherapeutic cycle, radiotherapy, CMM treatment, end point event (recurrence and metastasis) were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The recurrence or metastasis occurred in 145 cases (39. 61%) of the 366 patients. Of them, local recurrence occurred in 17 cases (11.72%), liver metastasis in 45 cases (31.03%), lung metastasis in 52 cases (35.86%), and metastasis in other parts in 53 cases (36.55%). Results of one-factor analysis showed six factors such as the tumor location, pathological type, staging of clinical pathology, chemotherapeutic cycle, radiotherapy, and CMM treatment were correlated with the DFS, showing statistical difference (P<0.01, P<0.05). Results of multifactor analysis showed staging of clinical pathology, chemotherapeutic cycle, and CMM treatment were correlated with the DFS, showing statistical difference (P<0.01). Results of stratified study on the staging of clinical pathology indicated that the primary tumor location (P=0.016) and the pathological type (P=0.047) were the independent predictors for DFS of stage II CC. The median DFS of the two groups could not be calculated. Results of stratified study on the stages of clinical pathology indicated that CMM treatment (P=0.000) and chemotherapeutic cycle (P=0.017) were independent predictors for DFS of stage III CC. As for comparing the composition ratio of the two therapeutic cycles, results showed the baselines of the chemotherapeutic cycle of the two groups were balanced. Further comparison showed the median DFS for the chemotherapy group at stage III was 24. 16 months, while it could not be calculated in the combination group. The DFS, 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year DFS ratios were 92%, 72%, 61%, and 59%, respectively in the stage III CC combination group, while they were 74%, 50%, 36%, and 20%, respectively in the stage IlI CC chemotherapy group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CMM combined chemotherapy could prolong the DFS of stage III CC patients after radical cure.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Colorectal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Pathology , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Neoplasm Staging , Phytotherapy
6.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 342-347, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295874

ABSTRACT

Differences between Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) patients in China and Western countries are known to exist, but data on Chinese patients with HL are limited. It is not clear whether there are clinical and histological differences in patients with HL involving different extranodal sites. This is the first study to analyze Chinese patients with HL involving different extranodal sites. We selected 22 HL patients with extranodal involvement from more than 250 previously untreated HL patients. Most patients were young males, and 20 of the 22 patients had stage IV disease. The major pathologic types were nodular sclerosis classical HL (NSCHL) and mixed cellularity classical HL(MCCHL). At diagnosis, the most commonly involved extranodal sites were the liver and lung, followed by the bones. There was no significant association between the international prognostic score(IPS) and survival in patients with different extranodal sites. Our data showed the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates of low-risk group (IPS = 0-2) were relatively higher than those of high-risk group (IPS ≥ 3), but the IPS did not show predictive power for survival. Although HL with extranodal involvement is rare, it should be considered as a unique form of HL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Bleomycin , Therapeutic Uses , Bone Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Radiotherapy , Cyclophosphamide , Therapeutic Uses , Dacarbazine , Therapeutic Uses , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Etoposide , Therapeutic Uses , Follow-Up Studies , Hodgkin Disease , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Radiotherapy , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Radiotherapy , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Radiotherapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Prednisone , Therapeutic Uses , Procarbazine , Therapeutic Uses , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Vinblastine , Therapeutic Uses , Vincristine , Therapeutic Uses
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1008-1014, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233062

ABSTRACT

ERF family transcription factor (TF) represented ethylene-responsive protein which harbored a conserved AP2 domain. After searching the plant transcription factor database, a total of 75 unigenes was found which contained AP2 domain from the transcriptome dataset of Panax quinquefolius L. One unique sequence of ERF transcript, named as PqERF1, was cloned with entire open reading frame of 933 base pairs (bp). Protein prediction result indicated that the gene was localized in nucleus and had a conserved AP2 domain. PqERF1 gene could be induced by methyl jasmonate (MeJA) which was consistent to the inducing profile of triterpene ginsenosides. InterproScan prediction indicated that PqERF1 was probably a pathogenesis-related gene. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated PqERF1 was with high identity and had relative close relationship to the NtERF4 (Nicotiana tabacum), PhERF12 (Petunia x hybrida) and DcERF1 (Daucus carota) which was related to plant defense, regulation of secondary metabolism and the flower senescence respectively. Therefore, the gene was likely involved in regulation of secondary metabolism, plant defense and physical processes which would provide gene resource for further study on secondary metabolite synthesis and molecular breeding of P. quinquefolius.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Computational Biology , Daucus carota , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Open Reading Frames , Panax , Genetics , Metabolism , Petunia , Genetics , Metabolism , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Structure, Secondary , RNA, Plant , Genetics , Sequence Alignment , Nicotiana , Genetics , Metabolism , Transcription Factor AP-2 , Genetics , Metabolism
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 126-130, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250656

ABSTRACT

The dried succulent stems of Cistanche (Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma and Cistanche tubulosa Wight.) are one of the most widely used components of traditional Chinese medicines. However, it is often confused and substituted with the roots of Orobanche pycnostachya, Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) Standl., Cistanche sinensis Beck, and Cistanche salsa (C. A. Mey.) Beck. In this study, we identified psbA-trnH regions from species and tested their suitable for the identification of the above mentioned taxa. The psbA-trnH sequences showed considerable variations between species and thus were revealed as a promising candidate for barcoding of Cistanche species. Additionally, the average genetic distance of psbA-trnH ranging from 0.077% to 0.743%. In contrast, the intra-specific variation among Cistanche species was found to be significantly different from those of other species, with percentages of variation studied ranged from 0% to 0.007%. The sequence difference between the psbA-trnH sequences of Cistanche species and Orobanche pycnostachya ranged from 0.979% to 1.149%. The distance between the Cistanche species and Boschniakia rossica ranged from 1.066% to 1.224%. Our results suggest that the psbA-trnH intergenic spacer region represent a barcode that can be used to identify Cistanche species and other morphologically undistinguishable species.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Cistanche , Genetics , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Methods , DNA, Intergenic , Genetics , DNA, Plant , Genetics , Orobanche , Genetics , Phylogeny , Plant Stems , Genetics , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics , Plastids , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Methods , Species Specificity
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 376-382, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250576

ABSTRACT

DNA barcoding is a technique in which species identification and discovery are performed by using short and standard fragments of DNA sequences. In this study, eleven species of Paris, including seven varieties, were sampled. Five chloroplast sequences, psbA-trnH, rpoB, rpoC1, rbcL, matK, and one nuclear marker, the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS2) of ribosomal DNA, were amplified and sequenced. The PCR amplification and sequencing efficiency, intra- and inter-specific divergence and barcoding gap were used to evaluate different loci, and the identification efficiency was assessed using BLAST1 and Nearest Distance methods. The ITS2 sequences in the studied samples of Paris were amplified and sequenced successfully using primers designed by our group, while matK showed low level in the amplification and psbA-trnH was difficult for sequencing because of over 800 bp and poly (A) structure. Analysis of the intra- and inter-specific divergence and barcoding gap showed ITS2 was superior to other loci. The ITS2 showed a much higher percentage of success (100%) in identification than other five loci, none of which indicated more than 50% except matK (52.9%). The 2-locus combination of rbcL+matK didn't improve ability of authentication. In addition, the rate of successful identification with ITS2 kept 100% when the samples were expanded to 67 samples of 29 species. In conclusion, ITS2 can be used to correctly identify medicinal plants of Paris, and it will be a potential DNA barcode for identifying medicinal plants of other taxa.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Chloroplasts , Genetics , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , DNA, Chloroplast , Genetics , DNA, Plant , Genetics , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Genetics , Liliaceae , Genetics , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Species Specificity
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