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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922097

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate a Met-controlled allosteric module (AM) of neural generation as a potential therapeutic target for brain ischemia.@*METHODS@#We selected Markov clustering algorithm (MCL) to mine functional modules in the related target networks. According to the topological similarity, one functional module was predicted in the modules of baicalin (BA), jasminoidin (JA), cholic acid (CA), compared with I/R model modules. This functional module included three genes: Inppl1, Met and Dapk3 (IMD). By gene ontology enrichment analysis, biological process related to this functional module was obtained. This functional module participated in generation of neurons. Western blotting was applied to present the compound-dependent regulation of IMD. Co-immunoprecipitation was used to reveal the relationship among the three members. We used IF to determine the number of newborn neurons between compound treatment group and ischemia/reperfusion group. The expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) were supposed to show the changing circumstances for neural generation under cerebral ischemia.@*RESULTS@#Significant reduction in infarction volume and pathological changes were shown in the compound treatment groups compared with the I/R model group (P<0.05). Three nodes in one novel module of IMD were found to exert diverse compound-dependent ischemic-specific excitatory regulatory activities. An anti-ischemic excitatory allosteric module (AM@*CONCLUSIONS@#AM


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Gene Ontology , Gene Regulatory Networks , Rodentia , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921630

ABSTRACT

In this study, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) and high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) were employed for qualitative and quantitative analysis of the steroidal saponins in rhizomes of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis from three different habitats cultured in vitro, in an attempt to explore whether the rhizomes of the medicinal herb cultured in vitro can synthesize the steroidal saponins, including polyphyllinsⅠ, Ⅱ, and Ⅶ, the quality markers specified in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition). A total of 20 steroidal saponins were identified in the rhizomes from Changxin, Yunlong(S1), Fengyi, Dali(S2), and Niujie, Eryuan(S3): parisyunnanoside A and parisyunnanoside D or E, proto-polyphyllin Ⅱ, polyphyllins G and H, polyphyllinsⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅴ, Ⅵ, and Ⅶ, dioscin, gracillin, prosapogenin A, Tg, isomer of Th, saponin Th, reclinatoside, proto-pairs D, pseudoproto-dioscin, and 23-O-glc-(23S,25R)-spirost-5-en-3β,23α,27-triol-3-O-rha-(1→2)-[ara(1→4)]-glc or 27-O-glc-(23S,25R)-spirost-5-en-3β,27α-diol-3-O-rha-(1→2)-[ara(1→4)]-glc. Among them, polyphyllinsⅠ, Ⅱ, and Ⅶ were detected in the rhizomes from S1, with the mass fraction of 0.109 1%, 0.165 2%, and 0.051 03%, respectively(total 0.325 3%). Polyphyllins Ⅱ and Ⅶ were identified in the rhizomes from S2 with the respective mass fraction of 0.192 2% and 0.074 23% and total content of 0.266 5%. Moreover, polyphyllins Ⅱ and Ⅶ were also found in the rhizomes from S3, which had the mass fraction of 0.207 7% and 0.186 9%, separately, with the total content of 0.394 6%. Thus, steroidal saponins, including the quality makers polyphyllins Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅶ recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition) can be synthesized in rhizomes of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis cultured in vitro, but their total content fails to meet the standard(0.60% in Chinese Pharmacopoeia). Therefore, in vitro culture of the Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis is feasible, but the culture conditions need to be further improved.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Liliaceae , Melanthiaceae , Rhizome , Saponins
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887899

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the oral health status and awareness of urban children in Lhasa,aiming to provide a data basis for the prevention and treatment of children's caries and the promotion of oral health education. Methods A total of 504 Tibetan students were selected by cluster sampling from 2 primary schools in Chengguan District of Lhasa.All the participants were required to take oral health examination and complete a questionnaire about oral health awareness and behavior. Results The caries prevalence rate and mean decayed-missing-filled tooth(DMFT)of permanent teeth were 75.00% and 2.18±1.91,respectively.The rates of pit and fissure sealant and filling of permanent teeth were 3.77% and 6.81%,respectively.The caries prevalence rate of first permanent molars was 47.62%.The mean DMFT of permanent teeth and caries prevalence rate of first permanent molar were significantly higher in female group(


Subject(s)
Child , DMF Index , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene , Prevalence , Schools , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833489

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: Covered stenting is an optional strategy for traumatic carotid pseudoaneurysm, especially in malignant conditions of potential rupture, but the long-term outcomes are not clear. Our aim was to determine if covered stenting is an effective option for traumatic carotid pseudoaneurysm with promising long-term outcomes. @*Methods@#: Self-expanding Viabahn and balloon-expandable Willis covered stents were separately implanted for extra- and intracranial traumatic carotid pseudoaneurysm. The covered stent was placed across the distal and proximal pseudoaneurysm leakage under roadmap guidance. Procedural success was defined as technical success (complete exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm and patency of the parent artery) without a primary end point (any stroke or death within 30 days after the procedure). Longterm outcomes were evaluated as ischemic stroke in the territory of the qualifying artery by clinical follow-up through outpatient or telephone consultation and as the exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm and patency of the parent artery by imaging follow-up through angiography. @*Results@#: Five patients with traumatic carotid pseudoaneurysm who underwent covered stenting were enrolled. The procedural success rate was 100%. No ischemic stroke in the territory of the qualifying artery was recorded in any of the five patients during a mean clinical follow-up of 44±16 months. Complete exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm and patency of the parent artery were maintained in all five patients during a mean imaging follow-up of 39±16 months. @*Conclusion@#: Satisfactory procedural and long-term outcomes were obtained, suggesting that covered stenting is an effective option for traumatic carotid pseudoaneurysm.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847052

ABSTRACT

Objective: Anger attacks have been observed in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), often triggered by obsessional triggers. However, few studies have reported the clinical characteristics and correlates of anger attacks among Chinese patients with OCD. Methods: A total of 90 adults with a primary diagnosis of OCD, ranging from 15 to 78 years old, participated in the study. Participants were administered the Rage Outbursts and Anger Rating Scale (ROARS), Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale-Second Edition, and Brown Assessment of Beliefs Scale by a trained clinician. Patients completed the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21. Results: A total of 31.3% of participants reported anger outbursts in the past week, and ROARS scores had no significant correlation with age, duration of illness, OCD severity, depression, or stress. However, ROARS scores were negatively related to education level, and positively related to obsessing symptoms and anxiety. Conclusions: These data suggest that anger attacks are relatively common in Chinese patients with OCD. The severity of anger attacks is related to educational level, obsessing symptoms, and anxiety, which may be a latent variable reflecting executive functioning and emotion regulation skills.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1010-1016, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780168

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are membranous vesicles that are actively secreted by cells. They can be isolated from various cell culture media and animal body fluids. Exosomes are mainly composed of lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. They have small molecular structure and high biocompatibility with size of 40-100 nm. In addition, exosomes are natural endogenous nanocarriers that can transport lipids, proteins, DNA and RNA. Studies have shown that exosomes play an important role in long-distance communication between cells, in physiological and pathological processes. This article introduces the composition and physiological functions of exosomes, and summarizes the relevant content of exosomes as drug delivery vehicles. The applications of exosomes in central nervous system diseases, especially brain diseases and tumors are summarized.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772638

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the accuracy of 3D printing implant-guided anterior tooth implantation under flap or flapless surgery.@*METHODS@#Twenty-one cases (32 teeth) with missing teeth were divided into two groups: tooth implantation on the maxillary models under flap surgery (FP group) and tooth implantation on the maxillary models under flapless surgery (FPS group). A dental implant guide was designed and used in the two groups. The actual position of the dental implants in the two groups was compared with the preplanned deviation values of implant top, bottom, vertical distance, and angle deviation. SPSS 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The deviation values of implant top, bottom, vertical distance, and angle were significantly lower in the FP group than in the FPS group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#High accuracy of tooth implantation can be realized by using the 3D printing implant guide. The different surgical methods influence the precision of tooth implantation. Clinicians can choose the surgery reasonably depending on the actual situation.


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Tooth
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664490

ABSTRACT

Puerarin is a kind of isoflavone extracted from the root of Radix Pueraria .Studies showed that puerarin had a variety of functional activities, such as anti-inflammation, antioxidation, anti-osteoporosis , lowering blood glucose , anti-tumor and so on . The effects of puerarin for inflammation-related diseases are mainly summarized in this research , including cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, diabetes and cancer .Realizing that anti-inflammation is the common mechanism for puerarin in treatment of these diseases , reference basis is expected to be offered for puerarin to play a broad application prospect in clinical practice .

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702473

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the cytotoxicity of cervical collar in rehabilitation technical aids and to investigate the cytotoxicity of domestic marketed products. Methods According to the experimental principle of GB/T 16886.5-2003 and GB/T 16175-2008,microscopic observa-tion and Thiazole Blue Colorimetric methods were used to observe the toxicity of extract from four different cer-vical collars on the cells(L929). Results When the concentration of the extract was 0.1 g/ml,the cytotoxicity was grade three and grade two in the cervi-cal collars D and A,respectively;and it was grade one both in cervical collars B and C.When the concentration of the extract was 0.2 g/ml,the cytotoxicity was grade four in cervical collars A and D,and was grade two in cer-vical collars B and C. Conclusion The cervical collars varied in the cytotoxicity,especially in cervical collars A and D.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701072

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the effects of suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid(SAHA )on the expression of Twist,histone deacetylase 1(HDAC1),and the factors associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition and extracellular matrix in diabetic rat renal tissues and its possible mechanism.METHODS:The rat model of diabetes mellitus(DM)was established by injection of streptozotocin.The rats were randomly divided into normal control(NC)group,DM group and SAHA group.When the model was successfully established for 8 weeks ,the rats in SAHA group were intragastrically trea-ted with SAHA at dose of 25 mg· kg-1 · d-1.After 8 weeks of treatment ,the rats were sacrificed.The biochemical pa-rameters and renal index were measured ,and the pathomorphological changes of the renal tissues were observed by HE and Masson staining.In addition ,the expression of Twist in renal tubular epithelial cells was evaluated by immunohistochemis -try.The protein levels of Twist,HDAC1,E-cadherin,α-SMA and collagen type Ⅳ(Col-Ⅳ)were determined by Western blot.The mRNA expression of Twist was detected by real-time PCR.RESULTS:The blood glucose ,24 h urine protein and kidney index in DM group were all obviously higher than those in NC group ,while kidney index was reduced in SAHA group as compared with DM group(P<0.05),but the blood glucose and 24 h urine protein markedly wasn't influenced by SAHA treatment.Compared with NC group,the mRNA and protein levels of Twist and protein levels of HDAC 1,α-SMA and Col-Ⅳwere increased in DM group(P<0.05),while they decreased in SAHA group as compared with DM group(P<0.05).The protein level of E-cadherin in NC group was higher than that in DM group ,and that was increased in SAHA group as compared with DM group(P<0.05).The correlation analysis showed that the Twist protein level was positively correlated with the HDAC1 protein level(P<0.05).CONCLUSION:SAHA decreases the expression of Twist and attenuates renal tubule fibrosis in DM rats by inhibiting the expression of HDAC 1 and Twist,thus promoting the tran-scription of E-cadherin.

11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 369-383, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687816

ABSTRACT

Neurons with direction-selectivity for vestibular stimuli are found in a number of cortical areas, and neurons in the ventral intraparietal area (VIP) and the dorsal subdivision of the medial superior temporal area (MSTd) of the macaque brain are clustered according to their direction preferences for vestibular signals. This raises the question where the clustering inherits from? Previous work has shown that VIP and MSTd most probably receive vestibular input from the parieto-insular vestibular cortex (PIVC), which processes vestibular signals at the earlier stage. Thus, PIVC is also supposed to show a clustered organization similar to that seen in VIP and MSTd. The present study was aimed to examine clustering properties of vestibular response in PIVC area. To address this issue, we compared the tuning of isolated single unit (SU) with the undifferentiated multiunit (MU) activity of several neighboring neurons recorded from the same microelectrode. When directional tuning was observed in MU activity, the direction preference generally agreed closely with that of a simultaneously recorded SU. These results suggest that PIVC neurons are indeed clustered according to preferred direction for both translational and rotational vestibular stimuli.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851689

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the matrix formulation for Shaofu Zhuyu Cataplasm (SZC) by Plackett-Burman design combined with Box-Behnken response surface method and study its transdermal permeation properties in vitro. Methods In this paper, the appearance description, initial bonding strength, endurance bonding strength, and peel strength were taken as indexes. Based on the result of a single factor experiment, the formula for the SZC was optimized by Plackett-Burman combined with Box-Behnken method. Franz diffusing cells method was chosen to investigate the tansdermal infiltration capacity of SZC with different dosage penetration enhancers of azone in vitro, taking ferulic acid, paeoniflorin, isorhamnetin-3-O-neohesperidin, and typhaneoside as index components. Results NP-700, tartaric acid and kaolin had significant effects on the properties of SZC. The optimal ratio of the prescription was as follows: NP-700-tartaric acid-kaolin (2.42:0.16:0.96). The promoting effect of 3% concentration for index component was better, and the transdermal rates of ferulic acid, paeoniflorin, isorhamnetin-3-O-neohesperidin, and typhaneoside were 6.889 4, 1.917 4, 0.852 0, and 0.893 7 μg/(cm2∙h), respectively. Conclusion The SZC was uniform, without residual behavior in application. And it had a good release and transdermal properties, and transdermal actions were consistent with zero-order kinetics.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825825

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of RNA interference (RNAi) on WD101 gene and its effect on the expression of WD101 mRNA and protein in Schistosoma japonicum.Methods:Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) WD101 gene and control gene (lacZ) were generated by in vitro transcription and transfected into mechanically transformed schistosomula. The total RNA and protein were isolated simultaneously using TRIzol reagent. The expression levels of mRNA and the protein were determined by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting, respectively. After injected dsRNA-electroporated schistosomula into BALB/c mouse six weeks, the male and female reproductive organs were observed and measured under the confocal laser scanning microscope.Results:After 1, 3 and 5 d of RNAi, WD101 mRNA level was decreased by 15%, 39%, and 58% in experiment group compared to that in control group; meanwhile, WD101 protein level was decreased by 11%, 28%, and 43% in experiment group compared to that in control group. There were significantly more sperms in testicular lobes in experiment group than that in control group, while there were no significant differences in terms of ovary and vitelline glands between two groups.Conclusions:The dsWD101-RNAi can effectively induce suppression of WD101 gene expression at both mRNA and protein levels. WD101 gene might be a reproduction-related gene in Schistosoma japonicum.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275508

ABSTRACT

Current evaluation method for astringency is mainly focused on human sensory evaluation. However, it is subjective, vague, and short of assessment indicators for objective quantification. In this paper, the quantification method for astringent intensity of traditional Chinese medicine was established based on the animal preference index and electronic tongue in vitro and in vivo. Firstly, the standard substance of astringency, tannic acid, was used for the methodology optimization and validation of two-bottle preference test. It was determined that the standard experimental animals were female rats of 140-180 g. The functional relationship between concentration of tannic acid and preference index was obtained Y= ln(1.682 6-0.441 66X), r=0.997 3. Then the typical astringent Chinese herbs Chebulae Fructus, Ardisiae Japonicae Herba, Canarii Fructus, Catechu, and Arecae Pericarpium were evaluated by the optimized method. Their corresponding concentration of tannic acid was converted by the concentration-preference index relationship through preference index. Their astringency was equivalent to 0.56, 0.29, 0.24, 0.34, 0.25 g•L⁻¹ tannic acid. Finally, the results were verified by electronic tongue. The correction analysis between Euclidean distance in PCA and preference index and concentration of tannic acid converted by samples showed a high correlation through pearson correlation analysis. The above results indicated that the method was objective, true and reliable. The method provided a reliable tool for the quantification of astringency and evaluation of taste masking effect for Chinese medicines, and also offered a new idea and model for the quantification of taste in the pharmaceutical and food fields.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275134

ABSTRACT

Near infrared model established under a certain condition can be applied to the new samples status, environmental conditions or instrument status through the model transfer. Spectral background correction and model update are two types of data process methods of NIR quantitative model transfer, and orthogonal signal regression (OSR) is a method based on spectra background correction, in which virtual standard spectra is used to fit a linear relation between master batches spectra and slave batches spectra, and map the slave batches spectra to the master batch spectra to realize the transfer of near infrared quantitative model. However, the above data processing method requires the represent activeness of the virtual standard spectra, otherwise the big error will occur in the process of regression. Therefore, direct orthogonal signal correction-slope and bias correction (DOSC-SBC) method was proposed in this paper to solve the problem of PLS model's failure to predict accurately the content of target components in the formula of different batches, analyze the difference between the spectra background of the samples from different sources and the prediction error of PLS models. DOSC method was used to eliminate the difference of spectral background unrelated to target value, and after being combined with SBC method, the system errors between the different batches of samples were corrected to make the NIR quantitative model transferred between different batches. After DOSC-SBC method was used in the preparation process of water extraction and ethanol precipitation of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos in this paper, the prediction error of new batches of samples was decreased to 7.30% from 32.3% and to 4.34% from 237%, with significantly improved prediction accuracy, so that the target component in the new batch samples can be quickly quantified. DOSC-SBC model transfer method has realized the transfer of NIR quantitative model between different batches, and this method does not need the standard samples. It is helpful to promote the application of NIR technology in the preparation process of Chinese medicines, and provides references for real-time monitoring of effective components in the preparation process of Chinese medicines.

16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 693-702, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348229

ABSTRACT

In the daily life, we perceive the world around us by integrating multiple sensory cues (visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, tactile, vestibular and proprioceptive) to create a coherent, reliable representation that allows us to interact meaningfully with the environment. The integration of different sensory information is necessary for our perception, motor transformation, decision making, learning and memory. In the past decades, many interdisciplinary researchers have been attracted to the field of multisensory research, and tremendous advances have been made in this field. We review the researches on multisensory integration during self-motion perception in the past decades from the candidate areas, the integration principles and the neural correlation of the behaviors, with the intention to provide a comprehensive source for those interested in understanding the neural substrates for multisensory integration. Meanwhile, we also provide a prospect for the future research in this field.

17.
Journal of Xinxiang Medical College ; (12): 1076-1079,1084, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669325

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of life events and coping styles on attitude toward seeking professional psychological help in college students.Methods Nine hundred college students were survey by attitude toward seeking professional psychological help questionnaire (ATSPPHQ),adolescent self-rating life events check list and coping style questionnaire.Results The total score,the scores of expecting and acceptance factor of ATSPPHQ of female were significantly higher than those of male (P < 0.05);there was no statistic difference in scores of need and trust factor of ATSPPHQ between male and female(P <0.05).There was statistic difference in total score and score of each factor of ATSPPHQ among difference grade (P < 0.05).The total score and each factor score of ATSPPHQ of science & engineering profession students were significantly higher than those of literature and history profession students(P < 0.05).There was no statistic difference in total score and score of each factor of ATSPPHQ among another variables(P > 0.05).Problem solving and help-seeking of coping styles were positive correlation with attitude toward seeking professional psychological help (P < 0.05);all factors of life events and self-blame,fantasy,avoidance,rationalization factor of coping style were negative correlation with attitude toward seeking professional psychological help(P < 0.05).The punishment,problem solving,self-blame and help-seeking were the influence factors of attitude toward seeking professional psychological help.Poblem solving and help-seeking had positive predictive effect (P < 0.05);punishment,self-blame had negative predictive effect (P < 0.05).The immature coping style and mixed coping style had intermediary effect between life events and the attitude toward seeking professional psychological help.Conclusions The attitude toward seeking professional psychological help of college students is different in gender,grade and profession.Life events and coping style have a certain impact on the attitude toward seeking professional psychological help.Coping style play an intermediary role between the life events and the attitude toward seeking professional psychological help.

18.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 1053-1059, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703042

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to investigate the distribution and sequence conservation of P6 outer membrane protein (OMP6)-encoding gene of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae isolates as well as screen and identify the predominant T-and B-cell (T-B)-combined antigenic epitopes in OMP6 sequences and their immunogenicity.The entire omp6 genes of NTHi isolates were amplified by PCR and the amplification products were sequenced after T-A cloning.By using bioinformatic softwares,the sequence conservation and membrane location of OMP6 were analyzed as well as the T-B-combined antigenic epitopes in OMP6 were predicted.The immunogenicity and immunoreactivity of T-B-combined antigenic epitope peptides displayed by recombinant phage PⅢ proteins (rPⅢ) were determined by Western Blot assay and ELISA.The PCR showed that all the 35 NTHi isolates tested were detectable for omp6 gene.The identities of nucleotide and amino acid sequences of omp6 genes from 28 strains in the NTHi isolates were 98.3%-100% and 99.3 %-100%,respectively.OMP6 of NTHi was predicted as an outer membrane superficial protein that contains OMP6-2-25,OMP6-61-86 and OMP6-98-126 predicted T-B-combined antigenic epitopes.The immunoblotting assay and ELISA confirmed that OMP6-2-25 presented stronger hybridization band with NTHi antisera while 96.9% (59/62),69.4% (43/62) and 74.2% (46/62) of serum samples from NTHi-infected children were positive for OMP6-2-25,OMP6-61-86 and OMP6-98-126 T-B-combined antigenic epitope peptides,respectively.All the results lead to a conclusion thatomp6 is an extensive distribution and sequence conserved gene of NTHi,and OMP6-2-25 is the predominant T-B-combined antigenic epitopes which can be used as the candidates for developing multiple antigenic peptide vaccine against NTHi.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272504

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the methylation status of miR-378 promoter in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and to analyze its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The unmethylation level of miR-378 gene promoter in bone marrow mononuclear cells of 25 healthy donors and 53 patients with CML was detected by using real-time quantitative methylation-specific PCR (RQ-MSP).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The hypomethylation of miR-378 gene promoter was found in 17/53 (32.1%) patients, but only in 1/25 (4.0%) of controls. The difference between the two groups was very statistically significant (P < 0.01). The frequency of miR-378 unmethylation in CML patients at chronic phase (CP), accelerated phase (AP) and blastic phase (BP) was 35.0% (14/40), 40.0% (2/5), and 12.5% (1/8), respectively. However, there were no significant differences in the unmethylation level of miR-378 among CML patients at different sexes, stages and karyotypes. No significant differences could be observed in age, white blood cell counts, platelet count, hemoglobin level and BCR/ABL1 transcript level (P > 0.05). CONCLUDSION: The miR-378 hypomethylation is a common molecular event in CML, especially at chronic or accelerated phases.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , DNA Methylation , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Genetics , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Promoter Regions, Genetic
20.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E384-E389, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804045

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the effects of fluid shear stress (FSS) on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in Hep2 cells. Methods Hep2 cells were exposed to 140 mPa FSS. The morphologic changes of Hep2 cells exposed to FSS at different durations were observed using inverted microscope. The migration ability of Hep2 cells after FSS loading was investigated using scratch wound assay. The distribution and expression of cytoskeleton protein F-actin were examined by confocal microscope. The expression of the EMT marker proteins were detected by Western blotting. Results Most of Hep2 cells changed their morphology from polygon to elongated spindle with well-organized F-actin under FSS. After removing FSS, Hep2 cells recovered their initial morphology with flat polygon. FSS regulated Hep2 cells to enhance their migration capacity in a time-dependent manner. FSS promoted the rearrangement of cytoskeletal protein F-actin,which enhanced the migration behavior of Hep2 cells. In addition, FSS induced a time regularity of expression of the EMT marker proteins in Hep2 cells. Conclusions FSS as an important physical factor can induce EMT in Hep2 cells.

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