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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 260-265, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923160

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of cadmium on bone formation and its mechanism in male mice. METHODS: i) The specific pathogen-free C57 BL/6 J wild-type male mice were divided into control group and cadmium exposure group, with 10 mice in each group. Mice in the cadmium exposure group were intraperitoneally injected with 2 mg/kg body weight cadmium chloride twice a week for eight weeks, and mice in the control group were intraperitoneally injected with the same amount of 0.9% sodium chloride solution. After that, the bone mineral density and bone microstructure of the femur of mice were detected by a high-resolution microcomputed tomography scanner. ii) Human SV40-transfected osteoblast cells(hFOB1.19) were divided into control group and cadmium exposure group. The cadmium exposure group was treated with 0.5 μmol/L cadmium chloride solution, cells in the control group were given an equal volume of α-low-limit minimal medium. After culture, the differentiation and mineralization ability of hFOB1.19 cells were analyzed by alkaline phosphatase(ALP) and alizarin red staining, respectively. Cell viability was examined by CCK-8 assay. The protein expression of Janus kinase 2(JAK2), total signal of transducers and activator of transcription 3(tSTAT3) and phosphorylated signal transducers and activator of transcription 3(pSTAT3) was detected by Western blotting. The expression of osteoblastic marker genes ALP, Runt-related transcription factor 2(RUNX2) and osteocalcin(OCN) was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the average bone mineral density decreased(P<0.01), bone volume fraction decreased(P<0.05), the bone trabecula thickness became thinner(P<0.01), the number of bone trabecula decreased(P<0.05), trabecular bone spacing increased(P<0.05) in the femur of mice in cadmium exposure group. The viability of hFOB1.19 cells was decreased [(100.0±10.8)% vs(49.1±8.2)%, P<0.01]. The differentiation ability of osteoblasts was reduced and the mineralization was inhibited. The relative expression levels of JAK2 and pSTAT3 in cells decreased(all P<0.05) and the relative expression levels of osteoblast marker genes ALP, RUNX2 and OCN decreased(all P<0.01).CONCLUSION: Cadmium can induce mice bone loss, which may be due to its inhibition of osteoblastic function by reducing the expression of JAK2 and STAT3 proteins.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289709

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the efficacy of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) combined with Tongdan: Decoction () on immunological indices and histopathological changes in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) of IIor III histological stage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty PBC patients were assigned randomly and equally: to the control group treated with UDCA alone and the treatment group treated with UDCA combined with Tongdan Decoction. The immunological indices and histopathological changes were detected before and after 24-week treatment, and the follow-up lasted for 1-3 years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 24-week treatment, CD4(+)CD28(-) in the peripheral blood was lowered and CD4(+)CD25(+) was increased in both groups, and better effect was shown in the treatment group (P<0.01). The levels of IgM, IgG, and IgA decreased markedly after 96-week treatment in the treatment group (P< 0.05, P< 0.01), while in the control group, only the latter two showed significant decrease after 148 week (all P<0.05). At the end of the 3-year follow-up, the medians of histopathological <inflammation grading and fibrosis staging declined to a lower rank, and the effect on inflammation was superior in the treatment group to the control group shown by non-parameters Wilcoxon paired symbols test ( Z=2.761,P=0.006).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combined therapy of Tongdan Decoction and UDCA showed a better therapeutic effect: than UDCA monotherapy on PBC, especially in improving immunological indices and histopathological hepatic changes.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Blood , Biomarkers , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Blood , Inflammation , Blood , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary , Blood , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Ursodeoxycholic Acid , Therapeutic Uses
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636812

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the possibility of basic fibroblast growth factor(bFGF)and epidermal growth factor(EGF)combined with striatal conditioned medium promoting the directional differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMMSCs)into dopaminergie neurons.Methods 1.Separation and culture of BMMSCs:BMMSCs were harvested from healthy adult Wistar rats for serial subcultivation.2.Preparation of Striatal conditioned medium:newborn Wistar rats within 24 hours were selected,and their brain tissues were removed to prepare striatal conditioned medium.3.Induced differentiation of BMMSCs:the 5th passage BMMSCs were collected and pre-induced in low glucose-Dulbecco's modified eagle medium(L-DMEM)containing bFGF and EGF.Twenty-four hours later,pre-induction liquor was replaced with striatal conditioned medium for further induced differentiation.4.Result assessment:the morphological changes of stem cells were observed under inverted phase microscope.The expression of neuron specific enolage(NSE)and tyrosine hydmxylage(TH)were identified by immunocytochemical technique.Results The cell body of rat BMMSCs contracted into round and spindle shape after induction by bFGF and EGF combined with striatal conditioned medium.Partial neuron-like cells with prominence could be found.Immunocytochemieal detection showed that the percentages of NSE and TH positive cells were(72.70±14.81)% and(34.50±15.93)%,respectively.Conclusion BMMSCs can be induced directionally into dopaminergiC neurons by bFGF and EGF combined with striatal conditioned medium in vitro.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110984

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of lecithin, mono-glyceride and mono-diglyceride on apparent total tract and ileal nutrient digestibilities in nursery pigs. Twenty [(Landrace x Yorkshire) x Duroc] barrows were surgically fitted with simple T-cannulas. Dietary treatments included 1) CON (basal diet: soy oil), 2) LO (lecithin 0.5%), 3) MO (mono-glyceride 0.5%), 4) MG (mono-glyceride 1.0%) and 5) MDG (mono-diglyceride 1.0%). In apparent total tract nutrient digestibility, dry matter (DM) and gross energy (GE) digestibilities of MDG treatments were higher than LO and MG treatments (p<0.05). In nitrogen (N) digestibility, LO treatment showed the lowest compared to others (p<0.05). The digestibility of crude fat was higher in MDG treatment than CON and LO treatments (p<0.05). In apparent ileal nutrient digestibility, DM digestibility was higher in MDG treatment than LO and MG treatments (p<0.05). GE digestibility was higher in MDG treatment than LO, MO and MG treatments (p<0.05). N digestibility of MDG treatment was greater than LO treatment (p<0.05). Also, the digestibility of crude fat was higher in MDG treatment than CON and LO treatments (p<0.05). In conclusion, mono-diglyceride can increase apparent total tract nutrient and apparent ileal nutrient digestibilities of DM, GE, N and crude fat.


Subject(s)
Lecithins , Nitrogen , Nurseries, Infant , Swine
5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 608-611, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279728

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of Bisnaphthalimide (C8) on the proliferation and apoptosis of SMMC-7721 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effects of C8 on the proliferation of SMMC-7721 cells were evaluated by MTT. Cell cycle and apoptotic cell percentage were studied by flow cytometry. The protein of Bcl-2 was detected by Western blot. The intra-cellular protein of Bcl-2 was detected by flow cytometry. The proteins of caspase9 and caspase3 were detected by ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>C8 inhibited the growth of SMMC-7721 cells. The IC50 of C8 on SMMC-7721 cells was 15 micromol/L. C8 initiated apoptosis of SMMC-7721 cells. After SMMC-7721 cells were exposed to C8 in concentrations of 10, 15, 20 micromol/L, the apoptosis rates were 16.8%, 29.4% and 35.8%, respectively, significantly higher than those of the controls (P less than 0.01). Flow cytometry and Western blot analysis showed that Bcl-2 protein level was inhibited after treatment with C8. The ELISA analysis showed that caspase9 and caspase3 were activated in the SMMC-7721 cells after the C8 treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>C8 could induce apoptosis of human liver cancer SMMC-7721 cells. C8 might be a potential efficient anticancer drug.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Naphthalimides , Pharmacology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230325

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to find platelet specific autoantibodies against glycoproteins in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and to explore its role in pathogenesis of MDS. The plasma autoantibodies against GP IIb/IIIa and GP Ib/IX were measured by using a modified monoclonal antibody specific immobolization platelet antigens assay (MAIPA). Absorbance greater than mean value plus tripled standard deviation recorded from the normal controls were regarded as positive. The results indicated that the total positive rate in patients with MDS was 16.67% (5/30), the total positive rate in patients with ITP was 46.67% (14/30), the difference between MDS group and ITP group was significant (P < 0.05). It is concluded that partial patients with MDS have plasma specific autoantibodies against platelet GP II b/III a and GP Ib/IX, indicating correlation of thrombocytopenia of patients with immune factors and the autoantibody-mediated platelet destruction may be involved in the pathogenesis of MDS. It provides a new basis for immunosuppression therapy for MDS.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antibodies , Allergy and Immunology , Antigens, Human Platelet , Allergy and Immunology , Autoantibodies , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Allergy and Immunology , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex , Allergy and Immunology , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIb-IX Complex , Allergy and Immunology , Thrombocytopenia , Allergy and Immunology
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 358-360, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271427

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To isolate triterpene saponins of polygalacic acid type from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC and to identify their structures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The compounds were separated by means of extraction, chromatography on silica gel, MPLC and HPLC, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral analyses (FAB-MS, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR etc.).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Three triterpene saponins were isolated from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum. They were identified as 3-O-beta-D-laminaribiosyl polygalacic acid (I), 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl polygalacic acid (II), polygalacin D (III), separately.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compound I is a new compound, compounds II, III are known triterpene saponins. The compound I and II were isolated from the plant for the first time, which is also the monodesmoside from the plant for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Molecular Conformation , Molecular Structure , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Platycodon , Chemistry , Saponins , Chemistry
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287279

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical composition of Opuntia dillenii.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Many kinds of chromatography methods were used in the isolation procedure, while the structures of isolated compounds were determined on the aids of NMR and MS spectral analysis.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>A new compound, together with five known compounds, was isolated form the 80% ethanolic extract of its stems.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new compound was characterized as opuntioside. Four compounds were obtained for the first from the genus Opuntia, and they were daucosterol, p-hydroxybenzoicacid, L-(-)-malic acid, (E)-ferulic acid. Opuntiol was also separated for the first from the plant.</p>


Subject(s)
Coumaric Acids , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Monosaccharides , Chemistry , Opuntia , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Sitosterols , Chemistry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272780

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical constituents from the rhizomes of Smilax glabra.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The compounds were isolated by column chromatography with silica gel, Diaion HP-20 and ODS as packing materials, and HPLC. Their structures were determined on the basis of their spectral evidence.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>5 dihydro-flavonol glycosides were identified as: astilbin (1), neoastilbin (2), isoastilbin (3), neoisoastilbin (4), (2R, 3R)-taxifolin-3'-O-beta-D-pyranglucoside (5).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 2, 4, 5 were isolated from this plant for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Flavonols , Chemistry , Glucosides , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quercetin , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry , Smilax , Chemistry , Stereoisomerism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282278

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To isolate and elucidate the constituents from the roots of Commercial Ginseng.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Column chromatography and HPLC were used to isolate chemical constituents. Physico-chemical characters and spectr-oscopic analysis were employed for structural identification.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Sixteen compounds were identified as: notoginsenoside-R2(1), ginsenoside-Rg2(2), 20 (R)-Rg2 (3), ginsenoside-Rg1 (4), -Rf(5), -Re(6), -Rd(7), -Rc(8), -Rb1(9), -Rb2(10), -Rb3(11), -Ra3(12), -Ra2(13), -Ra1 (14), notoginsenoside-R4(15) and ginsenoside -Ro(16).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compound 1 was obtained from the plant for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Ginsenosides , Chemistry , Panax , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 523-525, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266646

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the chemical composition of Opuntia dillenii Haw.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Many kinds of chromatography methods were used to separate the chemical constituents. Their structures were determined by NMR and MS spectral analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A new compound, together with five known compounds, were isolated from the 80% ethanolic extract of the stems.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new compound was identified as 4-ethoxyl-6-hydroxymethyl-alpha-pyrone. Compounds 1, 3, 4 and 5 were obtained for the first time from the genus of Opuntia, and they were: 3-O-methyl isorhamnein, 1-heptanecanol, vanillic acid, isorhamnetin-3-O-beta-D-rutinoside. Ruin was isolated from this plant for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Molecular Structure , Opuntia , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Pyrones , Chemistry , Rutin , Chemistry , Vanillic Acid , Chemistry
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