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Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 326-328, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642669


Objective To develop a rapid test for the detection of F1 antigen of Yersinia Pestis based on gold-immunochromatography.Methods F1 antibodies were coupled with colloidal gold to prepare collidal gold reagent,which was used to detect F1 antibodies based on double antigen sandwich.The collidal gold reagent was estimated for its sensitivity specificity and stablity in labs and 1798 samples were detected in 17 surveillance spots.Results The reagent was sensitive to 0.0010 g/L F1 antigens.The reagens kept stable when it had been placed at 4℃ or room-temperature for 12 months and did not react to Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Yersinia enterolitica.In 17 surveillance labs the reagent was used to test 1798 viscera samples from animal.resulting an accordance rate of 97.11%(1746/1798)to bacterial culture and 96.83%(1741/1798)accordance to reverse indirect hemagglutination assay(RIHA),showing a higher detection rate[9.23%(166/1798)]compared with RIHA[6.79%(122/1798)]and bacterial culture[6.28%(113/1798)].Conclusions The collidal gold reagent,sensitive and specific in diagnosing Yersinia pestis infection of both human and animals,is a rapid method in surveillance spot.

Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 426-429, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294323


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To apply and evaluate new methods regarding specific gene and antigen detection in plague surveillance program.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>1798 samples from natural foci of plague were tested, using internal quality control multiple-polymerase chain reaction, F1 antigen marked by immuno chromatographic assay and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Culture of Yersinia pestis and reverse indirect hemagglutination assay were used as reference diagnostic methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall positive rate of culture on Yersinia pestis together with gene and antigen detection was 7.34%, showing an 16.81% increase when comparing to 6.28% using Yersinia pestis culture method alone. The rate of coincidence was 97.13%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new standard being used for specific gene and antigen detection could increase the positive rate of diagnosis on plague.</p>

Animals , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Mice , Plague , Microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Yersinia pestis , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Virulence