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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939821

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic and recurrent inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that has become a major gastroenterologic problem during recent decades. Numerous complicating factors are involved in UC development such as oxidative stress, inflammation, and microbiota disorder. These factors exacerbate damage to the intestinal mucosal barrier. Spirulina platensis is a commercial alga with various biological activity that is widely used as a functional ingredient in food and beverage products. However, there have been few studies on the treatment of UC using S. platensis aqueous extracts (SP), and the underlying mechanism of action of SP against UC has not yet been elucidated. Herein, we aimed to investigate the modulatory effect of SP on microbiota disorders in UC mice and clarify the underlying mechanisms by which SP alleviates damage to the intestinal mucosal barrier. Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) was used to establish a normal human colonic epithelial cell (NCM460) injury model and UC animal model. The mitochondrial membrane potential assay 3-‍‍(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,‍5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and staining with Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)/propidium iodide (PI) and Hoechst 33258 were carried out to determine the effects of SP on the NCM460 cell injury model. Moreover, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), western blot, and 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequencing were used to explore the effects and underlying mechanisms of action of SP on UC in C57BL/6 mice. In vitro studies showed that SP alleviated DSS-induced NCM460 cell injury. SP also significantly reduced the excessive generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and prevented mitochondrial membrane potential reduction after DSS challenge. In vivo studies indicated that SP administration could alleviate the severity of DSS-induced colonic mucosal damage compared with the control group. Inhibition of inflammation and oxidative stress was associated with increases in the activity of antioxidant enzymes and the expression of tight junction proteins (TJs) post-SP treatment. SP improved gut microbiota disorder mainly by increasing antioxidant enzyme activity and the expression of TJs in the colon. Our findings demonstrate that the protective effect of SP against UC is based on its inhibition of pro-inflammatory cytokine overproduction, inhibition of DSS-induced ROS production, and enhanced expression of antioxidant enzymes and TJs in the colonic mucosal barrier.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Colitis/prevention & control , Colitis, Ulcerative/metabolism , Colon/metabolism , Dextran Sulfate/toxicity , Disease Models, Animal , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Inflammation/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Spirulina
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934062

ABSTRACT

Gonorrhea, caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is one of the most frequently reported infectious diseases. With the increasing antibiotic resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae, gonorrhea has become a major public health problem worldwide, making it imperative to develop a safe and effective vaccine. Lipooligosaccharides (LOS), which exist on the outer surface of gram-negative bacteria, contain many important antigenic determinants. In recent years, a large number of studies have shown that LOS may become the most potential target of Neisseria gonorrhoeae vaccine and immunotherapy. This article reviewed the structure of LOS, its role in Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection, research progress in LOS vaccine and the challenges faced in vaccine development, aiming to provide reference for further study.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801009

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the dynamic changes of antibodies induced by leptospiral vaccines.@*Methods@#Antigens for antibody detection were screened out. ELISA was used to analyze antibody responses induced at different time points after immunizing guinea pigs with different batches of leptospiral vaccines from different manufacturers. To investigate the relationship between antibody responses induced by leptospiral vaccines and their protective effects in animal model, guinea pigs were challenged with Leptospira after immunization.@*Results@#There was no significant antigen-antibody reaction between the LigA protein or Patoc Ⅰ antigen and the serum samples of guinea pigs immunized with leptospiral vaccines. Notable IgG and IgM antibody reactions were observed in all vaccination groups when using bacterial proteins from seven Leptospira reference strains which were used for the preparation of leptospiral vaccines as envelope antigens. Antigen-specific IgG antibodies peaked at 35 d after the last immunization, and the highest peak of antigen-specific IgM antibodies was reached 11 d after the last immunization. Results of the challenge test showed that non-diluted leptospiral vaccines induced significant IgG and IgM antibody reactions in guinea pigs as compared with those diluted three or nine times, showing good protective effects.@*Conclusions@#Analysis of the dynamic changes of antibodies induced by leptospiral vaccines revealed that there was correlation between the induced serum antibody responses and the protective effects. This study provided reference for further study on alternative methods for evaluating leptospiral vaccine potency.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616211

ABSTRACT

Leptospirosis is recognized as an important emerging zoonotic disease caused by pathogenic Leptospira spp.and has a serious impact on people′s health and animal husbandry.Therefore, it has attracted more and more attention.With the development of biotechnology, major breakthroughs have been made in the fields of pathogenicity, molecular epidemic features and evolution mechanism of Leptospira.In this review, we summarize progress in evolution and molecular typing of Leptospira at home and abroad in order to provide a reference for further research on molecular epidemiological surveillance and new vaccine development.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249367

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of different doses of dexmedetomidine (Dex) on early postoperative cognitive dysfunction in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty ASAI-III elderly patients (over 65 years) were randomized equally into 4 groups including a control group without dexmedetomidine and 3 dexmedetomidine groups (groups D1, D2, and D3) with loading dexmedetomidine doses of 0.2, 0.5, and 0.8 µg/kg and maintenance doses of 0.2, 0.5, and 0.8 µg·kg(-1)·h(-1), respectively. Dex was discontinued 30 min before the end of surgery. The time of operation, adverse reactions, time from the end of surgery to spontaneous breathing recovery (TR), time from spontaneous breathing recovery to opening eyes (TO), and time from opening eyes to extubation (TE) were recorded. Mini-Mental State (MMSE) test was used to assess the cognitive function 1 day before and at 1 day and 3 days after the operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) was significantly lower in groups D2 and D3 than in the control group and group D1 (P<0.05). The incidences of hypotension and bradycardia were the highest in group D3 (P<0.05), which also had longer significantly TO and TE than the other 3 groups (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Dexmedetomidine with a loading dose of 0.5 µg/kg followed by maintenance doses of 0.5 and 0.8 µg·kg(-1)·h(-1) (preferentially 0.5 µg·kg(-1)·h(-1)) can reduce the incidence of POCD in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Cognition , Colorectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Dexmedetomidine , Humans , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications , Respiration
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383587

ABSTRACT

Objectives To analyze the characteristics of antigenic genes of clinical Bordetella pertussis strains recently isolated by analyzing the sequence of pertussis toxin S1 subunit(ptxS1) , pertactin (Prn) , fimbriae 2 (Fim2) and fimbriae 3 (Fim3 ) genes of four clinical isolates. Methods The 4 clinical isolates were collected in 2002 in Shijiazhuang of Hebei province. Four strains were isolated from pertussis patient's nasopharyngeal aspirate. ptxS1, Prn, Fim2 and Fim3 genes of these strains were amplified and sequenced. The sequences of those genes were compared with those of the isolates in GenBank and the isoaltes used in the production of pertussis vaccine in China. Results The results of the gene sequencing showed the four clinical isolates belonged to ptxS1 A type, which were different from those in vaccine strains. In addition, three Prn and three Fim'3 variants were observed in the four clinical isolates. Sequence analysis showed that the nucleotide sequence and deduced amino acid sequence of those strains had more than 99% identity with those in vaccine strains. The phylogenetic trees of those genes also showed these strains had a higher level of similarity with other Bordetella pertussis strains. Conclusion The four clinical isolates are different from vaccine strains in four antigenic genes, which laid a foundation for further studies on pertussis epidemiology,quality control and development of pertussis vaccine in China.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380200

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand serotype and fimbriae-genotype of B. pertussis vaccine strains and isolates from different periods in China. Methods Serotype of eighty isolates and three vaccine strains were determined using anti-fim2 and fim3 monoclonal antibodies compared with polyclonal antisera. Fim2 and fim 3 genes were amplified by PCR and the amplified products were sequenced and analyzed . Results The serotype of three vaccine strains and all isolates but only one tested by the slide agglutination and micro-plate assay of anti-fim2 and fim3 monoclonal antibodies were the same in comparison with that of the slide agglutination of polyconal antisera. In this study, seventeen isolates and vaccine strains CS and P3S10 were fim2&3 serotype, and forty-eight isolates were tim2 serotype while fifteen isolates and vaccine strain 18530 were fim3 serotype. The predominant serotypes were fim2 and fim2&3 before Expanded Program on Immuni-zation in 1978, while the find became the most popular serotype after nation-wide pertussis vaccination in China. The fim2-1 and fim3-A genotype was the most common type, which was identified in 92.5% and 95.0% of the isolates, respectively. The genotype of vaccine strain 18530 was fim2-2 and fim3-A while oth-er vaccine strains were fim2-1 and fim3-A. The isolates contained fim3-B and fim3-D subtypes were found since 2000. These data indicated that the serotype and fimbriae genotype of B. pertussis isolates have been changed for immune environment of national-wide pertussis vaccination in China. Conclusion The validity and specificity of anti-fim2 and fim3 monoclonal antibodies have been validated for serotyping of B. pertussis strains. The information of serotype and fimbirae genotype of B. pertussis vaccine strains and isolates from dif-ferent time periods have been obtained. These data can facilitate the studies on quality control of vaccine strain, epidemiology and the evolution of B. pertussis in China.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383716

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a rapid,accurate,specific quantitative assay for detecting B.pertussis,and apply to clinical diagnosis.Methods According to the specific sequence of B.pertussis IS481 gene,the primers and the fluorescence probe were designed and synthesized.Then a fluorescence quantitative PCR for detecting B.pertussis was developed.The specificity,sensitivity and reproducibility of the method were evaluated.255 specimens including 225 nasopharyngeal swabs from suspected pertussis patients and 30 normal nasopharyngeal swabs were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR.Results A rapid specific quantitative method for detecting B.pertussis was established.The standard curve of the method indicated that there was a good linear relationship between the CT value and the template concentration with the correlation coefficient being 0.998.The linear range of the system was from 102 to 108 copies/μl and the minimum was 102 copies.It had a high sensitivity and good specificity.The intra.and inter-assay coefficients of variation were 5.78%-16.7% and 8.25%-14.9% respectively.The fluorescence quantitative PCR identified 41 positive results for specimens from suspected pertussis patients and results of 30 normal specimens were all negative.Conclusions The method can quantitatively detect the B.pertussis rapidly with high sensitivity and specificity,it can be applied to clinical diagnosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare hemodynamic changes under general anesthesia with those under general + epidural anesthesia during endotracheal intubation in senile patients.Methods:Forty ASA Ⅰ or Ⅱ senile patients aged 65-75 years were equally randomized into a G(general anesthesia) and a GE(general + epidural anesthesia) group and received intravenous injection of sufentanil 0.2 ?g/kg,midazolam 0.06 mg/kg,vecuronium 0.12 mg/kg and propofol 1.6 mg/kg for general anesthesia induction and endotracheal intubation.SBP,DBP,HR,EDV,SV,EF and CO were recorded at 5 different time points,i.e.,before induction(T0),just before intubation(T1),immediately after intubation(T2),1 minute after intubation(T3),and 5 minutes after intubation(T4) via ultrasoundcardiogram.Results:Significant hemodynamic changes were observed in both groups(P

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-536851

ABSTRACT

ve To increase the analytical efficacy and the sensitivity of determination of trace chloroform and tetrachloro-methane in water. Methods Headspace solid phase microextraction (HSSPME) analysis was applied to replace the traditional headspace method in determination of trace chloroform and tetrachloro-methane in water. Results The lowest detection limits were 0.05?g/L for chloroform and 0.005?g/L for tetrachloro-methane respec-tively. The precisions and accuracies all accorded with the requirements of determination. Conclusion The method of HSSPME was easy and rapid to operate, revealed reliable and accurate results and good practicability. It also showed higher sensitivity without any organic solvent, compared with that of traditional headspace method.

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