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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 922-928, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824785

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of clinically diagnosed acute kidney injury (AKI) patients progressing to acute kidney disease (AKD). Methods The clinical data of AKI patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the outcome of the patients, AKI patients were divided into non - acute kidney disease (NAKD) group and AKD group. Clinical characteristics and laboratory data of two groups were compared. The risk factors of AKD in patients with AKI were analyzed by logistic regression, and then the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of these risk factors. Results A total of 254 patients with AKI were enrolled, and 186 patients developed AKD with an incidence of 73.2%. Theincidences of AKD in stage 1, stage 2 and stage 3 of AKI were 20.0%, 46.7%and 83.5%respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis) (OR=2.561, 95% CI 1.584-4.140, P<0.001), proteinuria (OR=2.952, 95% CI 1.162-7.500, P=0.023) and increased intact parathyroid hormone (OR=1.757, 95%CI 1.104-2.797, P=0.017) were independent risk factors for progression to AKD in patients with AKI. The ROC showed that increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis) was an important predictor of AKD in patients with AKI (AUC=0.798, P<0.001). Conclusion Increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis), proteinuria and increased intact parathyroid hormone are independent risk factors for progression to AKD in patients with AKI, providing new evidences and ideas for clinical preventions and treatments of AKD.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 922-928, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800442

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the risk factors of clinically diagnosed acute kidney injury (AKI) patients progressing to acute kidney disease (AKD).@*Methods@#The clinical data of AKI patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the outcome of the patients, AKI patients were divided into non-acute kidney disease (NAKD) group and AKD group. Clinical characteristics and laboratory data of two groups were compared. The risk factors of AKD in patients with AKI were analyzed by logistic regression, and then the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of these risk factors.@*Results@#A total of 254 patients with AKI were enrolled, and 186 patients developed AKD with an incidence of 73.2%. The incidences of AKD in stage 1, stage 2 and stage 3 of AKI were 20.0%, 46.7% and 83.5% respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis) (OR=2.561, 95% CI 1.584-4.140, P<0.001), proteinuria (OR=2.952, 95% CI 1.162-7.500, P=0.023) and increased intact parathyroid hormone (OR=1.757, 95%CI 1.104-2.797, P=0.017) were independent risk factors for progression to AKD in patients with AKI. The ROC showed that increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis) was an important predictor of AKD in patients with AKI (AUC=0.798, P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#Increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis), proteinuria and increased intact parathyroid hormone are independent risk factors for progression to AKD in patients with AKI, providing new evidences and ideas for clinical preventions and treatments of AKD.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 206-209, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444451

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of BSA on hypoxia inducible factor/hypoxia response element (HIF/HRE) transcription activity in rat tubular epithelial cells (NRK-52E) with HRE-Luc reporter plasmid.Methods Luciferin activity of NRK-52E cells incubated by a medium contained BSA in varying concentration (0,5,10,20 mg/ml) and stimulus duration (24,48,72 h) was detected by dual luciferase detecting system based on HRE-Luc reporter plasmid and HIF-1 α expression was detected by Western blotting.Results HIF/HRE transcription activity of NRK-52E cells was increased in BSA incubation group (10 mg/ml,48 h) compared with blank control (BSA 0 mg/ml,48 h) [(2.59±0.35)vs (1.03±0.09),P=0.000].HIF-1α expression of NRK-52E cells was increased in BSA incubation group (20 mg/ml,48 h) compared with blank control (BSA 0 mg/ml,24 h) [(0.052±0.010) vs (0.014±0.003),P=0.000].Conclusion Albumin can increase HIF/HRE transcription activity of TEC.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 925-929, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380378

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the pathogenesis of anemia in chronic aristolochic acid nephmpathy(CAAN) rats. Methods The hemoglobin(Hb)values of sixty-two male SD rats were assayed to determine its normal range.Among them,24 rats with normal Hb value were randomly divided into 2 groups:model group (MG)in which rats received the extract of Aristololochia manshuriensis Kom (AmK) by gavage,and control group (CG) received tap water only by gavage.Body weisht(BW),Hb,24 h urinary protein excretion(UP)and creatinine clearance (Ccr)of 6 rats in each group were measured before administration and at the end of the 8th week, respeetively.then these rats were sacrificed.The relative area of renal interstitial fibrosis was measured by microscopy.The mRNA expression of erythropoietin (EPO)in kidney tissue Was determined by real-time RT-PCR;protein expression of type I collagen(Coll),aminopeptidase P (APP),hypoxia indHeible factor let and 2α(HIF-1α and HIF-2α)in kidney tissue Was examined by immunohistochemistry staining. Results Hb values of normal rats presented normal distribution. The normal Hb was (155.9±16.5) g/L. Rat anemia was diagnosed when Hb was below 123.6 g/L. There was no difference in all the examination results between CG and MG before administration (P>0.05). Compared with CG, the Hb and Cer in MG were significantly decreased [(121.66±15.68) g/L vs (169.00±12.89) g/L, (0.63±0.13) ml/min vs (1.27±0.18) ml/min, P< 0.01], and the UP in MG was significantly increased at the end of the 8th week [(27.04±9.40) mg/d vs (6.11±0.84) mg/d, P<0.01]; the relative areas of fibrosis and Col l in renal interstitium of MG were significantly enlarged [(12.89±2.33)% vs (0.55±0.10)%, (13.92±2.92)% vs (1.32±0.84)%, P<0.01]; the protein expression of APP and the mRNA expression of EPO in the kidney tissue of MG were significantly down-regulated [(0.55±0.23)% vs (3.77±1.06)%, 0.005±0.001 vs 0.032±0.013, P<0.01]; the protein expression of HIF-lα and HIF-2α in the kidney tissue of MG was significantly up-regulated (2.55±0.16 vs 1.12±0.46, 2.33±0.33 vs 1.15±0.27, P<0.01), at the end of the 8th week. Conclusions The pathogenesis of anemia in CAAN may be due to the decreased production of EPO caused by the destruction of peritubular capillary. The compensatory up-regulation of HIF-lα and HIF-2α expression can not prevent the anemia development.

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