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China Pharmacy ; (12): 988-992, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972273


OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy, safety and economy of tacrolimus (TAC), cyclosporin A (CsA), cyclophosphamide (CTX) and rituximab (RTX) in the treatment of membranous nephropathy (MN). METHODS Retrieved from Pubmed, the Cochrane Library, Wanfang data, CNKI and health technology assessment (HTA) official website, HTA reports, systematic reviews/meta-analysis and pharmacoeconomic studies about TAC, CsA, CTX and RTX combined with glucocorticoid in the treatment of MN were collected during the inception and Mar. 2022. After data extraction and quality evaluation, descriptive analysis was performed on the results of the included studies. RESULTS A total of 15 articles were included, involving 13 systematic reviews/meta-analysis and 2 pharmacoeconomic studies. In terms of efficacy, TAC and CsA showed significant advantages in increasing the response rate, and could improve the levels of urine protein, serum albumin, serum creatinine and serum total cholesterol. In terms of safety, the incidence of adverse reaction induced by TAC, CsA and RTX was low and the symptoms were mild. In terms of economics, CTX cost lower but caused severe adverse reaction; TAC cost higher but showed higher remission rate and good safety. CONCLUSIONS TAC combined with glucocorticoid may be the recommended scheme for MN.

Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 289-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991307


In view of the current situation of the construction of clinical pharmacist system and the teaching and training of clinical pharmacist training base in China, this paper provides a reference for perfecting and improving the training mode of clinical pharmacists in China. By establishing a clinical pharmacist system that develops a "two-focus" model, it takes the "trinity" of "hierarchical teaching-innovative practice-stage assessment" as the operating mechanism of teaching management, and the innovative mode of training clinical pharmacist talents with diversified information service platform as the technical support system, thereby providing an effective model for training excellent clinical pharmaceutical care talents.

Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 185-195, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929202


The record speed at which Chinese scientists identified severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and shared its genomic sequence with the world, has greatly facilitated the development of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) diagnostics, drugs, and vaccines. It is unprecedented in pandemic control history to develop a dozen successful vaccines in the first year and to immunize over half of the global population in the second year, due to the efforts of the scientific community, biopharmaceutical industry, and regulatory agencies worldwide. The challenges are both great and multidimensional due to the rapid emergence of virus variants and waning of vaccine immunity. Vaccination strategies need to adapt to these challenges to keep population immunity above the herd immunity threshold, by increasing vaccine coverage, especially for older adults and young people, and providing timely booster doses with homologous or heterologous vaccine boosts. Further research should be undertaken to develop more effective vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 variants and to understand the best prime-boost vaccine combinations and immunization strategies to provide sufficient and sustainable immune protection against COVID-19.

Adolescent , Aged , Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2184-2189, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886797


OBJECTIVE:To prov ide reference for mobilizing the work enthusiasm of clinical pharmacists ,and further promoting the strategic objectives of performance appraisal in three-level public hospitals (“National examination ”for short ). METHODS:A department performance appraisal team was established ,and a key performance indicator system consisting of 4 first-level indicators and 9 second-level indicators was constructed by using literature retrieval and expert consultation. The performance distribution method of double assessment of performance score and performance score was established ,and a performance publicity and feedback performance mechanism was formed. Relevant data were collected to compare the core work indicators of clinical pharmacists ,use intensity of antibiotics ,compliance rate of essential drugs in our hospital from Apr. to Dec. 2019(before implementation )and Apr. to Dec. 2020(after implementation ). RESULTS :After the implementation of performance appraisal scheme ,the total number of medication recommendations of clinical pharmacists increased from 1 192 to 5 226,with an increase of 338.42%;the number of medication suggestions received increased from 846 to 4 855,with an increase of 473.88%; and the rate of drug suggestions received increased from 70.97% to 92.90%;the number of pharmaceutical consultation increased from 195 to 1 284,with an increase of 558.46%;the number of drug counseling increased from 1 203 to 2 719,increasing by 126.02%. Form Apr. to Dec. 2020,the number of patient safety medication evaluation forms reached 660. The antibiotics use density(AUD)in clinical departments of 13 clinical pharmacists were decreased to different extent after the implementation of performance appraisal scheme ,the decine rate was 92.31%(12/13),and the compliance rate was 69.23%(9/13);utilization rate of essential medicine among outpatients of 11 clinical pharmacists ’clinical departments had achieved positive growth ,and those among inpatients of 2 clinical pharmacists ’clinical departments had achieved positive growth. CONCLUSIONS :The performance appraisal system of clinical pharm acists formulated by our hospital links the “National examination ”index with the performance , appraisal of clinical pharmacists ,which can provide ideas for No.2018sxzx57,No.2020jyxm2328,No.2020jyxm2307) the performance appraisal of three-level public hospitals and help to promote the high-quality and sustainable development of hospital pharmaceutical care.

China Medical Equipment ; (12): 110-113, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513359


Objective: To explore the advantages and evaluate feasibility of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy and axillary lymph node dissection under mastoscopy for patients with early stage breast cancer in clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methods: 200 patients with breast cancer stage I and II diagnosed by breast surgery were divided into observation group (100 cases) and control group (100 cases) as different surgery method. The patients of observation group were treated by SLN biopsy and axillary lymph node dissection under mastoscopy, while those of control group were treated by traditional open surgery. To analyze the detection rate and accuracy rate, and compare the bleeding volume during operation, the operation time and hospitalization time between the two groups. And series of indexes, such as incidence of post-operative complication, recurrence rate and good appearance rate of breast were compared between the two groups. Results: The difference of accuracy rate between the two groups was no significant. The incidence of complication, good appearance rate of breast and recurrence rate of observation group were, respectively, 4%, 92% and 4%. And the differences between those results of observation group and those of control group were significant (x2=25.25, x2=16.61, x2=170.40; P<0.05). Other some indexes, such as the bleeding volume during operation, the operation time and hospitalization time, the differences between observation group and control group also were significant (t=9.73, t=13.86, t=11.66; P<0.05). Conclusion:Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy and axillary lymph node dissection under mastoscopy are feasibility in clinical practice based on its series advantages, such as better detection rate, lower incidence of complication, better protection for breast appearance and so on.

Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568113


Aim To establish method and main evaluation indexes of collagen induced arthritis ( CIA) model in DBA/1 mice. Methods CIA was induced by chicken type Ⅱcollagen ( C Ⅱ) in DBA/1mice. Arthritis was evaluated by arthritis index. X-ray of the paws was taken. Histology pathology of ankles and spleen was observed and scored. Results Immunization d31,the paws of CIA mice appeared red and swelling,the scores of arthritis index increased,the period of swelling peak was from d40 to d60; immunization d35,the weight of CIA mice began to decrease. X-ray of paws showed that the paw joints of CIA mice deformed,and there was osteophyte formation associated with osteolysis. Histo-logical pathology of ankle joints showed that the synovium of CIA mice were hyperplasia,cartilage was destroyed,pannus was formed,and inflammatory cells infiltrated into synovium. Histological pathology of spleen showed more germinal centers and lymphoid follicular hyperplasia were observed,cell density of lymphatic sheath increased,scores of ankle joints and spleen histological pathology in CIA mice were higher than those in normal mice significantly. Conclusions The methods of CIA model induced by chicken C Ⅱ in DBA /1 mouse were reliable and reproducible. CIA incidence was high. Arthritis index,X-ray of paws,ankle joints and spleen histological pathology and so on were the principal indexes of evaluation for CIA model.