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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711329

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) of the resting brain function network in patients in a minimal conscious state (MCS) so as to explore the mechanism.Methods Eleven MCS patients were selected.Among them,there were 9 males and 2 females,10 with cerebral trauma and 1 with cerebral hemorrhage,with an average age of (37.3±8.4) and an average course of disease of (3.4±0.1) months.All subjects were given a resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) assessment prior to the single tDCS treatment,followed by a 20-minute single sham tDCS treatment at a time.After single-sham stimulation,a second time rs-fMRI assessment test will be conducted,followed by a real tDCS treatment for 20 minutes.Eventually,a third time rs-fMRI assessment test will be implemented.Results No significant statistical difference was shown in terms of all the parameters after single shamtDCS as compared to those before the treatment (P>0.05).After single real-tDCS,no significant change was observed with CRS-R score,ALFF of default network (left anterior wedge),the frontal-parietal network (left fróntal lobe,right superior gyms),sensory motor network (left auxiliary motor area),subcortical network (right thalamus,bilateral caudate nuclei) was significantly higher than that before treatment,while the ALFF of the frontal network (frontal lobe) and auditory network (bilateral temporal lobes) was significantly decreased (P<0.05).After single real-tDCS,the ALFF of default network (right frontal lobe) was significantly enhanced compared to that after single sham-tDCS (P<0.05),while that of the salient network (left insula) and sensorimotor network (right central frontal) was significantly decreased (P<0.05).Conclusion The enhancement of ALFF activity in the resting state brain function network is a possible neural mechanism for tDCS to promote the recovery of consciousness level in pa tients with minimal conscious state.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668341

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact flat deformity of the cerebral cortex induced by congenital hydrocephalus on motor functioning and cognition.Methods Tomography was used to confirm the presence of flat cortex deformity in three congenital hydrocephalus patients ranging in age from 20 to 33.Their motor control,balance,cognition and ability in the activities of daily living (ADL) were evaluated using the Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA),the Berg balance scale (BBS),the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and the modified Barthel index (MBI).Speech dysfunction was judged on the basis of clinical communication.The patients were scanned using a 64-slice spiral CT and size-of-ventricle indices were calculated.Results All 3 patients underwent ventrideperitoneal shunt.Their FMA scores were 75.5,83 and 100,with BBS scores of 4,24 and 56,MMSE scores of 14,23 and 26,and the MBIs of 40,90 and 100.CT images showed obvious ventricle enlargement and a thinner cortex layer in all three,with the thinnest part 0.18 cm,0.22 cm and 0.57 cm.Their ventricle indexes were 303%,288% and 192%,respectively.Conclusion Although there is no systematic rehabilitation therapy for such patients,their motor,cognition and speech functioning were good,indicating the great potential for plasticity of the human brain.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503894

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the excretion of the 20(S)-protopanaxatriol(PPT)and its metabolites ocotillol type epi?mers(M1 and M2)in urine,feces samples and the excretion of M1 and M2 in bile samples. Methods The concentration of PPT,M1 and M2 in urine,feces samples and the concentration of M1 and M2 in bile samples were determined by the LC-MS/MS methods with or without the hydrolization byβ-glucuronidase. Results After intragastric(ig)administration of PPT,the cumulative excretion rate for 72 h of PPT,M1 and M2 in feces were 14.88%,1.34%and 0.084%,respectively. With the hydrolization byβ-glucuronidase,the cumulative excretion rate for 72 h of PPT,M1 and M2 in feces were 14.77%,1.36%and 0.085%,respectively. However,the epimers and PPT were hardly detected in urine. After ig administration of M1 or M2,the accumulation excretion rate were 4.41%for M1 and 47.2%for M2 in feces,while both epimers were hardly detected in urine. After ig administration of M1 or M2,the 36 h cumulative bili?ary excretion rate was 3.01%for M1,and only 0.068%for M2. The 36 h cumulative biliary excretion rate of M1 was 8.80%after intra?venous administration ,while only 1.24%for M2. Conclusion After ig administration of PPT,a small amount of PPT and its metabo?lites(M1,M2)are excreted by the feces but little via urine ,and there are stereoselectivity differences in biliary excretion between M1 and M2.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460517

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of electroencephalograph (EEG) bionic electrical stimulation at Wangu (GB12), Tianzhu (BL10), Neiguan (PC6) on cerebral blood flow and metabolism in patients with persistent vegetative state (PVS). Methods 60 patients with PVS were divided into observation group (n=30) and control group (n=30) according to the random number table. The control group re-ceived routine treatment, including basic management, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, awaking medicine, sensory stimulation, and so on;while the observation group received EEG bionic electrical stimulation at bilateral Tianzhu, Wangu (cheif electrodes) and Neiguan (auxiliary elec-trodes) in addition. They were treated for 30 days. They were assessed with the PVS score, and observed with transcranial Doppler ultra-sound (TCD) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) one day before and one day after treatment. Results The incidence of improve-ment was 86.67%in the observation group, more than 60.00%in the control group (P<0.05). The difference of blood flow velocity before and after treatment (ΔVm) of anterior-middle cerebral artery was more in the observation group than in the control group respectively (P<0.001), as well as those of posterior cerebral-vertebral-basilar artery (P<0.01). The N-acetyl aspartic acid/creatine (NAA/Cr) increased more in the observation group than in the control group respectively (P<0.01), and the choline/creatine (Cho/Cr) decreased more (P<0.01), after treatment. Conclusion EEG bionic electrical stimulation can improve the cerebral circulation and metabolism in patients with PVS, which may associate with the wake promoting.

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