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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1163-1174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970430

ABSTRACT

At present, the research of biological living materials mainly focuses on applications in vitro, such as using a single bacterial strain to produce biofilm and water plastics. However, due to the small volume of a single strain, it is easy to escape when used in vivo, resulting in poor retention. In order to solve this problem, this study used the surface display system (Neae) of Escherichia coli to display SpyTag and SpyCatcher on the surface of two strains, respectively, and constructed a double bacteria "lock-key" type biological living material production system. Through this force, the two strains are cross-linked in situ to form a grid-like aggregate, which can stay in the intestinal tract for a longer time. The in vitro experiment results showed that the two strains would deposit after mixing for several minutes. In addition, confocal imaging and microfluidic platform results further proved the adhesion effect of the dual bacteria system in the flow state. Finally, in order to verify the feasibility of the dual bacteria system in vivo, mice were orally administrated by bacteria A (p15A-Neae-SpyTag/sfGFP) and bacteria B (p15A-Neae-SpyCatcher/mCherry) for three consecutive days, and then intestinal tissues were collected for frozen section staining. The in vivo results showed that the two bacteria system could be more detained in the intestinal tract of mice compared with the non-combined strains, which laid a foundation for further application of biological living materials in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Bacteria , Microorganisms, Genetically-Modified , Escherichia coli/genetics
2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 273-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965052

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the key genes and targeted protection methods affecting the survival of human islets. Methods Using bioinformatics method, the gene expression profile (GSE53454) was selected through screening and comparison from Gene Expression Omnibus(GEO) database. GEO2R tool was employed to screen the differentially expressed gene(DEG) between the human islets exposed (exposure group) and non-exposed (non-exposure group) to interleukin (IL)-1β and interferon (IFN)-γ for 24, 48 and 72 h, respectively. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses were performed by DAVID. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by STRING and Cytoscape apps. Results A total of 69 up-regulated DEGs and 2 down-regulated DEGs were identified. GO analysis showed that during the biological process, DEGs were enriched in the aspects of virus defense and inflammatory response. In cellular components, DEGs were significantly enriched in extracellular space, outside plasma membrane and extracellular regions. Regarding molecular functions, DEGs were significantly enriched in chemokine activity and cytokine activity. KEGG analysis revealed that DEGs were mainly enriched in multiple signaling pathways, such as cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, virus protein-cytokine and cytokine-receptor interaction, etc. Ten key genes (STAT1, CXCL10, IRF1, IL6, CXCL9, CCL5, CXCL11, ISG15, CD274, IFIT3) with high connectivity were selected by STRING analysis, all of which were significantly up-regulated in human islets exposed to IL-1β and IFN-γ. Six genes (STAT1, CXCL10, CXCL9, CXCL11, CCL5, IL6) were screened by KEGG enrichment analysis, mainly in Toll-like receptor signaling pathway. Conclusions STAT1, CXCL10, CXCL9, CXCL11, CCL5 and IL6 are the key genes affecting the survival of human islets, which are mainly enriched in Toll-like receptor signaling pathway and act as important targets for islet protection.

3.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 216-223, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964936

ABSTRACT

Background Imidacloprid is a neonicotinoid insecticide that is widely used in agricultural production, with a high detection rate in human biological samples. Previous studies have shown a high correlation between imidacloprid exposure and liver injury, but the specific mechanism is still unknown. Objective To observe potential toxic effects of HepG2 cells and its perturbation of non-targeted metabolic profile after imidacloprid exposure, and to explore possible molecular mechanisms of hepatotoxicity of imidacloprid by analyzing invovlved biological processes and signaling pathways. Methods HepG2 cell suspension was prepared and seeded in a 96-well plate, which was divided into blank control group, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) solvent control group and imidacloprid exposure groups with multiple concentrations. Each group was set with 5 parallel samples. The viability of HepG2 cells viability were determined after 8 h of exposure to different concentrationsof imidacloprid (1, 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10 mmol·L−1), and the dose-effect relationship was analyzed. A proper concentration (3 mmol·L−1 with 80% viability) was chosen for imidacloprid exposure, non-targeted metabolomic analysis was applied to the cultivated HepG2 cells using UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS technology, the differential metabolites between groups were screened, and the bioprocess and related signaling pathways of their enrichment were annotated using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database. Results Compared to the other two groups, the survival rates of HepG2 cells in the imidacloprid exposure groups decreased. A survival rate of about 86% of HepG2 cells was found in HepG2 cells exposed to 2.5 mmol·L−1 imidacloprid exposure. The non-targeted metabolomics studies showed that 61 metabolites were significantly affected in HepG2 cells after 3 mmol·L−1 imidacloprid exposure, including creatine (variable importance in projection VIP=1.11, P<0.001), arginine (VIP=1.47, P=0.048), taurine (VIP=4.28, P=0.001), and α-D-glucose (VIP=1.90, P=0.006). The differential metabolites enriched in bioprocess and related signaling pathways were mainly directed to mTOR signaling pathways (P<0.001), arginine and proline metabolism (P=0.002), and galactose metabolism (P=0.015). Conclusion Imidacloprid exposure can significantly inhibit the survival rate of HepG2 cells, and interfere with the mTOR signaling pathway, arginine and proline metabolism, galactose metabolism, and so on.

4.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E514-E520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987979

ABSTRACT

Objective To study changes in bone microstructure of osteoporotic rats by multiscale analysis. Methods A total of 20 5-month-old female SD rats were randomly divided into two groups, i.e., ovariectomy (OVX) group (n=12) and the SHAM group (n=8), respectively. The rats in OVX group were subjected to bilateral ovariectomy and became osteoporosis models after 8 weeks, while sham operation was performed for the SHAM group. Changes in microstructure of cortical bone and cancellous bone at tissue scale, and osteocyte lacunar-canalicular network (LCN) and extracellular matrix (ECM) at cell scale were quantitatively analyzed using Micro-CT and SR-Nano-CT. Results At tissue scale, the cross-sectional area of cortical bone in OVX group was significantly higher than that in SHAM group (P<0.05), and the bone mineral density (BMD) and thickness of cortical bone were not significantly different from those in SHAM group. The trabecular BMD, bone volume fraction, trabecular thickness and trabecular number in OVX group were significantly decreased in comparison with SHAM group (P<0.01), while the trabecular separation was significantly increased (P<0.01). At cell scale, there was no significant difference in the semiaxes of lacunae between OVX group and SHAM group, but the thickness of lacunae and the diameter of canaliculi in OVX group were significantly increased in comparison with SHAM group (P<0.05). At the same time, the porosity of cortical bone in OVX group was significantly higher than that in SHAM group at cell scale (P<0.05). Conclusions The bone microstructure in OVX group varied to different extents at tissue and cell scales. At tissue scale, the cancellous bone loss was severe, while the cortical bone had fewer changes. At cell scale, porosity of the lacunar-canalicular network significantly increased, which directly affected the BMD and strength of cortical bone. Multiscale analysis on changes in bone microstructure of OP rats has potential application value for clinical diagnosis and pathological analysis of osteoporosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 137-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992526

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the epidemiology of pathogens of acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) in children in Guangzhou area.Methods:A total of 13 610 hospitalized children with ARTI in Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center from January 2018 to December 2021 were enrolled. Throat swab specimens were collected, and fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to detect 11 respiratory pathogens, including respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), adenovirus (ADV), parainfluenza virus (PIV), human rhinovirus (HRV), human bocavirus (HBoV), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), enterovirus (EV), influenza A virus (IFA), influenza B virus (IFB), Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) and Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP). Grouping according to age (< one year group, one to < three years group, three to < six years group, six to 14 years group) and season. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results:At least one pathogen was detected in 6 331 cases among 13 610 patients, and the overall positive rate was 46.52%. The detection rates from high to low were as follows: RSV (13.75%(1 872/13 610)), ADV (4.82%(656/13 610)), PIV (4.82%(656/13 610)), MP (4.54%(618/13 610)), HRV (3.39%(462/13 610)), HBoV (2.64%(359/13 610)), HMPV (2.59%(352/13 610)), EV (1.76%(239/13 610)), IFA (1.29%(176/13 610)), IFB (0.90%(122/13 610)) and CP (0.30%(41/13 610)). The positive rate of viral detection showed significant differences among different age groups ( χ2=49.91, P<0.001), and the highest positive rate was in the age group of one to <three years (50.83%(2 196/4 320)). The positive rate of viral detection showed a significant difference in terms of seasonal distribution ( χ2=13.90, P=0.003), with a peak prevalence in summer (48.76%(1 498/3 072)). Conclusions:RSV, ADV, PIV, MP and HRV are important pathogens causing ARTI in children in Guangzhou area. The distribution of pathogens in children with ARTI is associated with age and season.

6.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 102-107, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990971

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the predictors of poor outcomes after emergency intracerebral thrombectomy based on the characteristics of cerebral angiography.Methods:A total of 146 patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) who received endovascular treatment in Loudi Central Hospital from March 2019 to February 2022 were included in the study, and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was performed on the patients. The patients were divided into a good prognosis group (95 cases) and a poor prognosis group (51 cases) by the modified Rankin scale 3 months after operation. Gender, age, time from onset to visit, time from onset to puncture, proportion of intravenous thrombolysis, occlusion site, treatment strategy, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, core infarct volume, ischemic hypoperfusion volume, collateral circulation classification, and venous drainage status were compared between the two groups score; Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the poor prognosis of patients; Receive Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of collateral circulation classification and venous drainage status score for poor prognosis of patients, and the differences in general data and imaging data were compared between groups with different collateral circulation grades and venous drainage status.Results:Compared with the good outcome group, the time from onset to visit, NIHSS score, core infarct volume, ischemic hypoperfusion volume, the proportion of thrombectomy alone, and collateral circulation classification in the poor outcome group [2 (2, 3) levels. 2 (1, 2) level] and venous drainage score [5 (4, 6) points vs. 6 (6, 8) points] increased ( P<0.05), and the proportion of recanalization grade 2b/3 decreased ( P<0.05); NIHSS score, collateral circulation grade and venous drainage status were predictors of poor outcome within 3 months after mechanical thrombectomy ( OR = 2.51, 1.93, 2.61, P<0.05); collateral circulation grade and venous drainage score predicted mechanical thrombectomy in patients with AIS, the area under curve (AUC) of poor outcome after thrombectomy were 0.714 and 0.829, respectively; the time from onset to visit between patients with poor collateral circulation, moderate and good AIS [(236.95 ± 21.03) min, (250.41 ± 21.32) min, (255.72 ± 20.98 min)], core infarct volume [52 (17, 80) ml, 25 (15.5, 30) ml, 15 (10, 25) ml] and venous drainage scores [5 (4, 6) points, 5 (5, 8) points, 5 (5, 8) points] were significantly different ( P<0.05); time from onset to visit in patients with poor venous drainage, moderate and good AIS (234.81 ± 21.22 min), (256.83 ± 20.88) min, (258.97 ± 21.35) min], core infarct volume [17(13, 45) ml, 26(25, 29) ml, 20 (11, 29) ml] and collateral circulation classification [2 (1, 2) level, 2 (1, 3) level, 2 (2, 3) level] were significantly different ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Collateral grading and venous drainage scores based on DSA imaging were predictors of poor outcomes within 3 months of mechanical arterial thrombectomy in patients with AIS.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 104-109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961949

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of external diaphragm pacing therapy combined with abdominal functional electrical stimulation on respiratory function for stroke patients. MethodsFrom October, 2020 to September, 2022, 54 stroke patients were randomly divided into control group (n = 18), external diaphragm pacing group (n = 18) and combined treatment group (n = 18). All the groups received breathing training, while the external diaphragm pacing group received external diaphragm pacing therapy, and the combined treatment group received external diaphragm pacing and abdominal functional electrical stimulation therapy, for two weeks. They were measured forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1), ratio of forced expiratory volume in first second in forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC), peak expiratory flow (PEF), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) with pulmonary function instrument; measured diaphragmatic excursion (DE) and diaphragmatic thickness (DT) with ultrasound, before and after treatment. ResultsThree cases in the control group, two cases in the external diaphragm pacing group and one case in the combined treatment group dropped off. The FVC, FEV1, PEF, MIP, MEP and DE improved in all the groups (|t| > 3.366, P < 0.01) after treatment; and the FVC, FEV1, MIP and DE increased more in the combined treatment group and the external diaphragm pacing group than in the control group (P < 0.05); the FVC and FEV1 increased more in the combined treatment group than in the external diaphragm pacing group (P < 0.05). ConclusionExternal diaphragm pacing therapy may improve ventilation and inspiratory muscle strength, and increase diaphragm movement for stroke patients; while the ventilation improved more after combining with abdominal functional electrical stimulation.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 303-308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for exploring alternative resources of Gentiana rigescens from the plants of Gentiana. METHODS The contents of four components (gentiopicroside, swertiamarin, swertioside and amarogentin) in the roots and rhizomes from 3 plants of Gentiana (G. rigescens, G. cephalantha, G. delavayi) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The chemical compositions in the above roots and rhizomes were identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization quarter-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS), and the differences were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA). RESULTS Four active components such as gentiopicroside, swertiamarin, swertioside and amarogentin were detected in the roots and rhizomes of G. rigescens and G. cephalantha, and the contents of the four components were similar in both. The contents of gentiopicroside in the root and rhizome of G. cephalantha and G.rigescens were more than four times of the limit standard of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (Part Ⅰ) in 2020; However, only swertiamarin, swertioside and amarogentin were detected in the roots and rhizomes of G.delavayi, and the contents of swertioside and amarogentin were 34.12 and 8.81 times of those of G. rigescens, respectively. In addition, a total of 33 compounds 术。E-mail:515227235@qq.com were identified from the roots and rhizomes of 3 plants of Gentiana by UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS, mainly iridoids. Additionally, G. rigescens and G. cephalantha contained xantones, G. delavayi contained flavonoids. PCA showed that there was a small difference between G. rigescens and G. cephalantha; however, there was a big difference between G. delavayi and G. rigescens. CONCLUSIONS The difference between the roots and rhizomes of G. cephalantha and G. rigescens from the same origin is small and there is substitutability; while the difference in the chemical components from roots and rhizomes between G. delavayi and G. rigescens is great and G. delavayi cannot be used as medicine instead of G. rigescens.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 102-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993565

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of cellular immune status before initial 131I treatment for predicting treatment response in young and middle-aged patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). Methods:From March 2018 to April 2019, 150 young and middle-aged patients with PTC (46 males, 104 females, age (40.0±9.8) years) who underwent total thyroidectomy and neck lymph node dissection in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were enrolled retrospectively. All patients underwent radioablation 1-2 months after operation, and the serum lymphocyte subsets (CD3 + , CD4 + , CD8 + , CD4/CD8) as well as natural killer (NK) cells were detected 1 d before the initial 131I treatment. Patients were divided into excellent response (ER) group and non-ER group according to the response of 6-12 months after 131I treatment. Clinicopathological characteristics, preablative stimulated thyroglobulin (psTg), initial 131I dose and lymphocyte subsets that might affect the response to 131I treatment were analyzed (independent-sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test, multiple logistic regression analysis). ROC curve analysis was used to evaluate the predictive value of significant factors for non-ER. Results:Of 150 patients, 84 cases were in ER group (56.00%), and 66 cases (44.00%) were in non-ER group. Age ( z=-2.86, P=0.004), M stage ( χ2=13.64, P<0.001), psTg ( z=-8.94, P<0.001), initial 131I dose ( z=-7.60, P<0.001), CD4 + ( t=2.50, P=0.014), CD4/CD8 ( z=-2.22, P=0.027) of the two groups were significantly different. Multivariate analysis showed that psTg (odds ratio ( OR)=1.27, 95% CI: 1.16-1.40, P<0.001) and CD4/CD8 ( OR=0.39, 95% CI: 0.15-0.99, P=0.048) were independent factors for predicting 131I treatment response. The cut-off values of psTg and CD4/CD8 for predicting non-ER were 6.78 μg/L and 1.67, respectively. Conclusions:Cellular immune status before initial 131I treatment may predict treatment response in young and middle-aged patients with PTC. It indicates non-ER response when Tg is higher than 6.78 μg/L and CD4/CD8 is lower than 1.67.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 85-90, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993562

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of 18F-FDG PET/CT metabolic parameters combined with inflammatory markers for the medium-term efficacy of chemotherapy in patients with primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B cell lymphoma (PGI-DLBCL). Methods:From April 2011 to May 2020, 67 patients (37 males, 30 females, age: 28-85 years) with PGI-DLBCL examined by 18F-FDG PET/CT before chemotherapy in Changhai Hospital, Navy Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were treated with cyclophosphamide+ doxorubicin+ vincristine+ prednisone (CHOP) or rituximab+ CHOP (R-CHOP) regimens, and the medium-term efficacy was evaluated after 2-4 cycles of chemotherapy. The effect outcome was divided into complete remission (CR) group and non-CR (NCR) group based on the Lugano lymphoma response evaluation criteria. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the differences of SUV max, peak of SUV (SUV peak), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) between two groups. The independent risk factors of NCR were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression and the binary logistic regression model was established according to the results. The model was tested with external validation data ( n=15). Results:Of 67 PGI-DLBCL patients, 28(41.8%) were CR and 39(58.2%) were NCR. SUV peak, MTV, TLG, PLR and NLR in NCR group (17.3(12.3, 28.1), 73.8(42.9, 141.7) cm 3, 887.5(300.9, 2 075.3) g, 203.9(155.7, 297.1), 3.9(3.0, 4.9)) were significantly higher than those in CR group (9.5(6.2, 15.2), 11.3(4.7, 23.2) cm 3, 85.2(35.5, 214.6) g, 149.3(102.8, 173.1), 2.2(1.8, 4.6); z values: from -6.41 to -2.33, all P<0.05). The logistic regression model was as follows: P=1/(1+ e - x), x=0.100×MTV+ 0.024×PLR-8.064. The prediction accuracy for NCR risk was 86.57%(58/67), with the accuracy of 13/15 tested by external validation data. Conclusion:MTV combined with PLR has a good predictive value for medium-term efficacy of CHOP/R-CHOP chemotherapy in patients with PGI-DLBCL.

11.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 129-133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930053

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of PC4 and SFRS1 interacting protein 1 (PSIP1) in oral squamous cell carcinoma cells and the effects of PSIP1 silencing on the migration and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells, and to preliminarily explore its mechanism.Methods:The PSIP1 gene of oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line HN30 was silenced by RNA interference technique. HN30 cells were divided into si-NC group (transfected with siRNA-NC) and si-PSIP1 group (transfected with siRNA-PSIP1). Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of PSIP1 mRNA. Scratch test and Transwell invasion test were used to detect the migration and invasion abilities of HN30 cells, and Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) related proteins in HN30 cells of the two groups.Results:The relative expression levels of PSIP1 of HN30 cells in the si-NC group and si-PSIP1 group were 1.00±0.00 and 0.21±0.06 respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( t=22.30, P=0.002). The scratch healing rates of the si-NC group and si-PSIP1 were (48.21±4.66)% and (42.05±11.74)% at 12 h respectively, with no statistically significant difference ( t=1.46, P=0.173), and the scratch healing rates of the two groups were (86.61±6.06)% and (67.76±3.62)% at 24 h respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( t=8.01, P<0.001). The invasion numbers of HN30 cells in the si-NC group and si-PSIP1 group were 91.00±7.05 and 23.34±4.98, and there was a statistically significantly difference ( t=19.20, P<0.001). Compared with the si-NC group, the migration and invasion abilities of HN30 cells in the si-PSIP1 group decreased significantly (all P<0.001). The expression levels of E-cadherin of the si-NC group and si-PSIP1 group were 1.06±0.02 and 1.43±0.13 respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( t=-4.94, P=0.036), and the expression levels of N-cadherin were 1.00±0.04 and 0.57±0.14 respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( t=5.03, P=0.007). Compared with the si-NC group, the expression level of E-cadherin in the si-PSIP1 group increased, while the expression level of N-cadherin decreased. Conclusion:Silencing the expression of PSIP1 can significantly inhibit the migration and invasion of HN30 cells, and the mechanism may be related to the effect of PSIP1 on the EMT pathway of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 479-483, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923566

ABSTRACT

@# Objective To investigate the current status of cytotoxicity and mechanical properties of the prosthetic liner on the market in China.Methods Six kinds of liner were collected, namely domestic 6 mm thick foam liner (A), domestic 5 mm thick EVA foam liner (B), German 5 mm thick EVA foam liner (C), Germany 12 mm thick PE foam liner (D), Iceland 3 mm thick silicone liner (E) and Germany 4 mm thick gel liner (F). Microscopic observation and thiazole blue colorimetry were used to detect the cytotoxicity. The content of small organic molecules was determined by the consumption of potassium permanganate. The tensile strength, elongation at break (%), and 100% tensile strength of the prosthetic liner were tested by material mechanics testing machine. The hardness was tested using the Shore hardness tester oo type.Results The cytotoxicity was grade 2 for prosthetic liners A, B, C and D, and was grade 0 for E and F. The redox substance content of prosthetic liners A、B、C exceeded 150 mg/kg. Except the prosthetic liner C, the hardness of the other products were all ≤ 70 HA. Except prosthetic liner D, the tensile strengths were > 1 MPa, breaking elongations were > 120.0%, 100% tensile strengths were > 0.9 MPa for other products.Conclusion Due to materials and production processes, the cytotoxicity and mechanical properties of the six samples are quite different.

13.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 141-146, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960383

ABSTRACT

Background Atmospheric fine particulate matter (PM2.5) can induce abnormal early embryo development, resulting in adverse pregnancy outcomes such as embryo damage and spontaneous abortion. The vascular remodeling of maternal-fetal interface regulated by hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) axis is a key link in early embryo development. Objective To investigate the effects of pre-pregnancy PM2.5 exposure on the uterine state of mice before conception and the vascular remodeling of maternal-fetal interface after conception, and to further explore the regulatory role of the HIF-1α/VEGF axis. Methods Forty eight-week-old C57BL/6J sexually mature female mice and several males (for mating, without any treatment) were adaptive fed for 1 week. The female mice were divided into a PM2.5 exposure group and a control group, 20 mice per group. The PM2.5 exposure group was given 3 mg·kg−1 PM2.5 suspension by nasal instillation, once every other day for four weeks; the control group were treated with the same dose of blank sampling membrane suspension. Body weight of the mice was recorded every week during the experimental period. At the end of the exposure, six mice from each group were sacrificed. Then the uterus was weighted and its organ coefficients were calculated, a histopathological morphology evaluation was conducted by HE staining, and the mRNA expressions of HIF-1α, VEGF and its receptors Flt-1 and Flk-1 in the uterus samples were further examined. The remaining 14 female mice in each group were caged with male mice overnight with a sex ratio of 2:1, then we calculated the pregnancy rate. On gestation day 10 (GD10), the female mice were decapitated and the uterus was dissected, the histopathological morphology of embryo and placenta were observed by HE staining, and the mRNA expressions of HIF-1α, VEGF and its receptors Flt-1 and Flk-1 were detected as well in the uterus samples. Results Compared with the control group, the pre-pregnancy PM2.5 exposure had no significant effect on body weight gain of the female mice, but decreased uterine organ coefficient, accompanied by pathological damage such as endometrium thinning as well as decreased mRNA expressions of HIF-1α, VEGF and its receptors Flt-1 and Flk-1 (all Ps<0.05). After mating, the pre-pregnancy PM2.5 exposure induced a decrease of the pregnancy rate (control group: 9/14; exposure group: 5/14) and abnormal embryo arrangement, small placenta, narrowing of spiral arteries (control group: 1.00±0.06; exposure group: 0.86±0.08; P=0.01), as well as significant decreases in HIF-1α, VEGF and its receptor Flk-1 mRNA expressions. (all Ps <0.05). Conclusion Pre-pregnancy PM2.5 exposure has adverse effects on the pathological structure and angiogenesis in female mice uterus, leading to abnormal vascular network remodeling at the mother-fetal interface after conception, and the HIF-1α/VEGF axis may play a regulatory role.

14.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 504-512, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958102

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain and early feeding behavior on delayed onset of lactogenesis stage Ⅱ(DOL Ⅱ).Methods:This was a prospective study involving puerperae from Women's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from March 2020 to June 2020. Demographic data and delivery data were obtained using questionnaires and breastfeeding behavior and milk secretion were followed up every day after delivery. According to whether the lactation initiation was longer than 72 h or not, all subjects were divided into DOL Ⅱ group or non-DOL Ⅱ group. Differences in general condition and breastfeeding between the two groups were compared using independent sample t-test, Chi-square test, and Mann-Whitney U test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of DOL Ⅱ. Results:During the study period, a total of 390 cases were enrolled and 334 cases among them were analyzed due to lost of follow-up in 56 cases. The incidence of DOL Ⅱ was 19.2% (64/334). Univariate analysis showed that body mass index [lean:18.8% (12/64) vs 13.3% (36/270); fit:56.2% (36/64) vs 74.8% (202/270); overweight: 25.0% (16/64) vs 11.9% (32/270); χ2=9.78], mode of delivery [vaginal delivery: 37.5% (24/64) vs 52.6% (142/270); cesarean section: 62.5% (40/64) vs 47.4% (128/270); χ2=4.71], nipple type score in LATCH score [2.0 (1.0-2.0) vs 2.0 (2.0-2.0), U=-2.08], frequency of breastfeeding in 24 h [(6.3±3.0) vs (8.3±3.6) times per day, t=-3.94], adding formula within 24 h [71.9% (46/64) vs 56.3% (152/270), χ2=5.20] and the proportion of attending breastfeeding clinic during pregnancy [73.4% (47/64) vs 85.6% (231/270), χ2=5.44] were significantly different between the DOL Ⅱ and non-DOL Ⅱ groups (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pre-pregnancy overweight was an independent risk factor for DOL Ⅱ ( OR=2.240, 95% CI:1.020-4.918, P=0.044), either was pre-pregnancy overweight with appropriate gestational weight gain ( OR=5.595, 95% CI:1.492-20.985, P=0.011), while breastfeeding frequency within 24 h ( OR=0.867, 95% CI: 0.780-0.963, P=0.008) and attending breastfeeding clinic during pregnancy ( OR=0.377, 95% CI: 0.173-0.820, P=0.014) were independent protective factors for DOL Ⅱ. Conclusions:Women who were overweight before pregnancy are more likely to suffer from DOL Ⅱ. Extra guidance should be given to this population during early breastfeeding. Attending prenatal breastfeeding consultation and increasing the frequency of breastfeeding in the early postpartum period may prevent DOL.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 785-793, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958073

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the method of constructing an early mortality risk prediction model for patients with sepsis-induced cardiorenal syndrome by machine learning algorithm, so as to provide a basis for early clinical identification of high-risk patients and accurate treatment.Methods:Patients with sepsis-induced cardiorenal syndrome from January 1, 2015 to May 31, 2019 in Tongji Hospital, Tongji University were enrolled. Basic characteristics, laboratory indexes, hospitality treatment and other relevant baseline data were collected. Thirty-day mortality was defined as the primary end-point event after the enrolled patients were diagnosed. Python software was applied to establish different machine learning models, and the area under the receiver -operating characteristic curve ( AUC) was used to evaluate the predictive value of models. Disease-related risk factors were selected according to the most optimal model. Importantly, visualized decision tree and semi-naive Bayesian (sNB) models were established to further explore the interrelationship between these risk factors. Results:A total of 340 patients were included, of whom 114 patients (33.5%) died within 30 days after diagnosis. The AUC of support vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF), gradient boosting decision tree (GBDT), extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost), and light gradient boosting machine (LGBM) prediction models were 0.652, 0.868, 0.870, 0.754, and 0.852, respectively. The AUC of GBDT model had the most efficiency to predict end-point events, and the prediction AUC value was better. According to the feature ranking of GBDT model, the relevant influencing factors were selected, including total sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, neural SOFA score, vasoactive drug application, cardiac troponin I (cTNI), age, myoglobin, circulation system SOFA score, chronic kidney disease, heart rate and baseline serum creatinine. Visualized decision tree model had 4 layers, 15 nodes and 8 terminal nodes as evidenced by total SOFA score, myoglobin, baseline serum creatinine and age. The total SOFA score, change rate of myoglobin, serum creatinine and age were included into the visualized decision model. The AUC value of the model for predicting end-point event was 0.690. sNB model revealed complex correlation between the risk factors, in which neural SOFA score was related to total SOFA score, vasoactive drug application was related to total SOFA score, and cTNI was related to baseline serum creatinine. Conclusions:A risk prediction model for patients with sepsis-induced cardiorenal syndrome is established and the model showes that high SOFA score remains the primary risk factor for patients with sepsis-induced cardiorenal syndrome based machine learning. Visualized decision tree and sNB models help clinicians to further identify the dependence and logic relationship among these risk factors clearly and provide a novel method to predict mortality risk for patients with sepsis-induced cardiorenal syndrome.

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Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 597-601, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910804

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen 89Zr-labeled anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) monoclonal antibody molecular probes suitable for monitoring the gastric mucinous adenocarcinoma bearing mouse models with low glucose metabolism. Methods:The expression of EGFR and HER2 in the MGC803 gastric cancer cell line was verified by analyzing cell slides and xenograft tumor sections. 89Zr-Deferoxamine (DFO)-Cetuximab and 89Zr-DFO-Pertuzumab were prepared and the radiochemical purity was detected. Cell binding experiments and blocking experiments were performed to verify the binding ability and specificity of the probes. Twelve gastric mucinous adenocarcinoma bearing mouse models were divided into 3 groups ( n=4 in each group): 89Zr-DFO-Cetuximab group (7.4 MBq/mouse, 74 μg/mouse), 89Zr-DFO-Pertuzumab group (7.4 MBq/mouse, 70 μg/mouse) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) group (7.4 MBq/mouse). MicroPET imaging was performed at 4, 24 and 48 h ( 18F-FDG group underwent imaging at 1 h only) post-injection. The biodistribution study of 89Zr-DFO-Cetuximab and 89Zr-DFO-Pertuzumab was conducted in 2 groups ( n=4 in each group) 48 h after the injection. The independent sample t test was used for data analysis. Results:The immunofluorescent staining demonstrated EGFR expression was significantly higher than HER2 expression in MGC803 gastric cancer cell line. The radiochemical purity of 89Zr-DFO-Cetuximab and 89Zr-DFO-Pertuzumab were both more than 95%, and the specific activities were 100 and 95 MBq/mg, respectively. The two probes had good stability in normal saline and fetal bovine serum, with the radiochemical purity higher than 80% at 72 h. MicroPET imaging showed that the uptake of 89Zr-DFO-Cetuximab in the MGC803 tumor was significantly higher than that of 18F-FDG and 89Zr-DFO-Pertuzumab. The biodistribution study demonstrated the 89Zr-DFO-Cetuximab uptake (percentage activity of injection dose per gram of tissue, %ID/g) of tumors at 48 h was significantly higher than that of 89Zr-DFO-Pertuzumab (56.3±12.0 vs 22.0±3.6; t=4.31, P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with 89Zr-DFO-Pertuzumab, 89Zr-DFO-Cetuximab has a better potential for non-invasive monitoring of gastric mucinous adenocarcinoma with low glucose metabolism.

17.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 880-886, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909536

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the modulatory effects of GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway on anxiety- and depression-like behavior of mice induced by chronic sleep deprivation (CSD).Methods:Forty-eight 10-week-old C57BL/6J male mice were selected and randomly divided into four groups(with 12 mice in each group): control group, inhibitor-only group (LiCl), chronic sleep deprivation group (CSD) and inhibitor with CSD group (LiCl+ CSD). Elevated plus maze (EPM) and forced swimming test (FST) were used to evaluate the behavior of mice, HE staining was used to observe the pathological morphological changes of hippocampal neurons, and Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of β-catenin, GSK-3β and p-GSK-3β in hippocampal tissues. SPSS 22.0 software was used for independent sample t-test and one way ANOVA. Results:After modeling, the body weight of mice in the CSD group ((26.53±0.76)g) was significantly lower than that of the control group ((28.00±0.37)g) ( q=4.119, P=0.041), and the body weight in the LiCl+ CSD group ((28.04±0.86)g) was improved compared with CSD group ( q=4.240, P=0.036). In EPM, the ratio of the entering times and the proportion of the staying time in the open arm in the CSD group ((48.44±9.16)%) and ((16.47±10.42)%) were significantly lower than those in the control group ((68.92±11.71)% and (42.93±15.89)%) ( q=4.660, P=0.018, q=4.346, P=0.029), but the staying time in the open arm in the LiCl+ CSD group ((32.92±12.05)%) was significantly higher than that in the CSD group ( q=2.432, P=0.038). In FST, the percentage of floating immobility time of the mice in the CSD group ((55.00±5.36)%) was significantly longer than that of the control group ((39.95±2.87)%) ( P=0.023), which was decreased significantly in the LiCl+ CSD group ((42.00±7.92)%) than that in the CSD group ( P=0.040). Western blot results showed that, the expressions of p-GSK-3β and β-catenin in the hippocampus of CSD group were decreased significantly ( P=0.040, P=0.008), while the expression of GSK-3β was significantly increased than that of the control group ( P<0.001). Both p-GSK-3β and β-catenin were significantly reversed in CSD+ LiCl group than that in CSD ( P=0.034, P=0.038). Conclusion:The GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway may be involved in the regulation of CSD-induced anxiety and depression-like behaviors in mice.

18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 764-767, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877149

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current situation and associated factors of unintentional injury among preschool children in Shunyi District, and to provide reference for the development of unintentional injury intervention measures.@*Methods@#Three kindergartens in Shunyi district were selected through stratified cluster sampling method, and all the parents were surveyed online by self-designed questionnaire.@*Results@#The proportion of low, medium and high risk assessment of unintentional injury in preschool children were 59.5%, 37.5% and 3.0%, respectively. Risk of unintentional injury increased significantly with age and grade(χ 2=12.35, 12.70, P<0.05). The risk of unintentional injury in inter-generational care (3.7%) was higher than that in parental care(2.4%). The higher the education level of the primary caretaker and family income, the higher level of unintentional injury risk(χ 2=11.23, 14.10, P<0.05).There were significant differences in the risk for burning, poisoning, other accidental injury, prevention of accidental injury and total score of unintentional injury among children of different ages and classes(F=8.26,5.61,4.95,6.15,7.86;9.88,8.39,4.25,6.27,7.55,P<0.05). There was statistical significance in burning risk between boys and girls(t=-4.27, P<0.05). There was statistical significance in unintentional injury prevention between children of different residence(t=9.11, P<0.05). There were significant differences in behavior supervision among risk among children of different ages and grades(P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that education level of primary caregivers (college:B=-2.66, 95%CI=-4.69--0.63; bachelor degree or higher:B=-3.80, 95%CI=-5.90--1.70), annual family income (B=-2.82, 95%CI=-4.80--0.84) were associated with unintentional injury risk of preschool children(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Health education of unintentional injury prevention among preschool children should focus on the primary caretaker with low education and low family income, which is crucial for prevention of children s injury.

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Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 274-279, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876863

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of β - lactams alone and the combination of β - lactams with macrolides in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia(CAP) in children. Methods PubMed, CNKI and VIP databases were searched by computer. RCT on children with CAP treated by β-lactams and macrolides were collected. The retrieval time was from the establishment of the database to July 2020. Literatures were selected and data was extracted according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The risk of bias was evaluated, RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis. Results Thirteen articles with 1788 patients were included in the study. The results showed that the clinical efficacy of the combination therapy in the experimental group was better than that in the control group [RR = 1.11, CI = 1.07–1.15, P < 0.000 01]. The time for fever returning to normal was shorter in the experimental group than that in the control group [MD = −1.31, CI =−1.58– −1.05, P < 0.000 01]. The disappearance time of pulmonary rales was shorter in the experimental group than that in the control group [MD = −1.75, CI = −2.13– −1.37, P < 0.000 01], There was no statistically significant difference in adverse reactions between the two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion The combination therapy of β - lactams and macrolides is better than β-lactams alone in children with CAP with no significant difference in adverse reactions. Limited by the quantity and quality of the included studies, the conclusions from this study need to be further verified by large samples of high-quality RCT.

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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1978-1992, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888846

ABSTRACT

Tumor recurrence after surgery is the main cause of treatment failure. However, the initial stage of recurrence is not easy to detect, and it is difficult to cure in the late stage. In order to improve the life quality of postoperative patients, an efficient synergistic immunotherapy was developed to achieve early diagnosis and treatment of post-surgical tumor recurrence, simultaneously. In this paper, two kinds of theranostic agents based on gold nanorods (AuNRs) platform were prepared. AuNRs and quantum dots (QDs) in one agent was used for the detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technology to indicate the occurrence of

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