Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Add filters

Year range
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884623


Objective:To study the clinical features of the "migration birds" population in Hainan Province in winter presenting with acute cholecystitis.Methods:Patients who were diagnosed to suffer from acute cholecystitis in the winter months from November to February of the following year of 2017, 2018 and 2019 and admitted in Hainan Hospital of Chinese PLA General Hospital were included in this study. The "migration birds" patients who arrived in Hainan Province in less than 30 days were defined as the short-term group ( n=49), 30-89 days as the mid-term group ( n=24), more than 90 days as the long-term group ( n=48). The general information, associated medical diseases, clinical presentations, interventional strategies and in-hospital outcomes were compared, and further analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with purulent cholecystitis and non-purulent cholecystitis in the short-term group. Results:Of 120 patients, there were 49 patients in the short-term group (29 males and 20 females with an average age of 65.18±15.02 years), 24 patients in the mid-term group (13 males and 11 females with an average age of 66.21±11.93 years), and 48 patients in the long-term group (30 males and 18 females with an average of 60.73±12.54 years). The general information, interventional strategies and in-hospital outcomes were similar among the three groups. When compared with patients in the long-term group, patients in the short-term group had higher incidences of hypertension [20.83% (10/48) vs 48.98% (24/49)] and diabetes [10.42% (5/48) vs 30.61% (15/49)]. The gallbladder wall in the short-term group was significantly thicker than that in the long-term group [0.60(0.40, 0.70) cm vs 0.50(0.30, 0.60) cm, P<0.017]. The proportion of purulent cholecystitis in the short-term group was significantly higher than that in the long-term group [48.15% (13/27) vs 17.24% (5/29) , P<0.017] . In the short-term group, the incidences of silt-like stones of purulent cholecystitis [38.46% (5/13) vs 14.29% (2/14)], gallbladder perforation [30.77% (4/13) vs 0], gallbladder gangrene [53.85% (7/13) vs 7.14% (1/14)], perigallbladder effusion [76.92% (10/13) vs 14.29% (2/14)], abdominal effusion [46.15% (6/13) vs 7.14% (1/14)] were significantly higher than that of patients with non-purulent cholecystitis, (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Patients presenting with acute cholecystitis after arrival in Hainan in the short term had more severe inflammation with complications of suppuration, perforation and gangrene. Patients with hypertension and diabetes were the high risk group of patients presenting with acute cholecystitis after short-term arrival in Hainan.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884258


Objective:To study the correlation between non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and functional ankle instability (FAI) in young patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 102 patients with non-contact ACL injury[61 males and 41 females, with an age of (31.9±6.1) years and a Tegner activity score of (6.1±1.9) points] who had been treated at Department of Orthopedics, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital from January 2017 to March 2020 (injury group). Another 102 citizens without ACL injury from Guangzhou [56 males and 46 females, with an age of (30.3±7.2) years and a Tegner activity score of (6.0±2.1) points] were recruited as a control group. The Cumberland ankle instability tool (CAIT) and the Ankle Joint Functional Assessment Tool (AJFAT) were used to assess whether the subjects had self-conscious FAI or not. A correlation analysis was conducted using the data collected.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there were no significant differences between them in general data ( P>0.05). By the CAIT score, the incidence of FAI in the injury group [52.9% (54/102)] was significantly higher than that in the control group [32.4% (33/102)] ( P<0.05); by the AJFAT score, the incidence of FAI in the injury group [59.8% (61/102) ] was significantly higher than that in the control group [39.2% (40/102)] ( P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that diagnoses of FAI by CAIT and by AJFAT were respectively correlated with ACL injury ( r=-0.159, P=0.023; r=-0.215, P=0.002). Conclusions:The incidence of FAI may be high in patients with ACL injury and there is a correlation between FAI and ACL injury.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856311


Objective: To summarize the research progress of killer turn in posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. Methods: The literature related to the killer turn in PCL reconstruction in recent years was searched and summarized. Results: The recent studies show that the killer turn is considered to be the most critical cause of graft relaxation after PCL reconstruction. In clinic, this effect can be reduced by changing the fixation mode of bone tunnel, changing the orientation of bone tunnel, squeezing screw fixation, retaining the remnant, and grinding the bone at the exit of bone tunnel. But there is still a lack of long-term follow-up. Conclusion: There are still a lot of controversies on the improved strategies of the killer turn. More detailed basic researches focusing on biomechanics to further explore the mechanism of the reconstructed graft abrasion are needed.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 183-188, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734429


Sodium hyaluronate is one of the natural components of articular cartilage and synovial fluid,which plays important roles in maintaining the structure and physiological functions of joints.Abnormal change of the content and physicochemical properties of sodium hyaluronate in the joints is one of the common pathological causes of osteoarthritis.Supplementation of exogenous sodium hyaluronate,which has similar physical and chemical properties as those in normal joints,has been considered as an effective strategy for clinical treatment of osteoarthritis.However,the benefits of intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate are still under debates.Moreover,different recommendations for clinical use were developed in several clinical guidelines.Several guidelines suggested that molecular weight of sodium hyaluronate was an important factor influencing the clinical benefits in osteoarthritis.Diverse products of sodium hyaluronate present different physicochemical and biological characteristics,which may lead to differences in clinical efficacy and safety.High-molecular-weight sodium hyaluronate,with highly modified and cross-linked sugar chains,potentially differ from those with low molecular weight in physicochemical properties,rheological characteristics,and physiological activities.In general,high-molecular-weight sodium hyaluronate have higher viscosity and elasticity.The exogenous hyaluronate,of which the molecular weight is similar to those in normal joints,probably have the similar rheological characteristics.A large number of clinical studies demonstrated that sodium hyaluronate products with high-molecular weight significantly relieved joint pain and improved joint functions in patients with osteoarthritis.In contrast,the clinical efficacy of the low-molecular-weight hyaluronate is still controversial,because several studies could not establish the superiority in osteoarthritis when comparing with the placebo.Studies on molecular mechanisms revealed that some physiological functions of sodium hyaluronate were molecular-weight dependent.High-molecular-weight sodium hyaluronate may have more pronounced impacts on the regulation of inflammation and maintaining the homeostasis of extracellular matrix.This review focused on the effects of sodium hyaluronate with different molecular weight in treating osteoarthritis.Evidence based on clinical studies related to the molecular-weight differences of sodium hyaluronate were presented.Furthermore,the optimal use of various products of sodium hyaluronate with different molecular weight was discussed.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856758


Objective: To summarize the research progress of rehabilitation after autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI). Methods: The literature related to basic science and clinical practice about rehabilitation after ACI in recent years was searched, selected, and analyzed. Results: Based on the included literature, the progress of the graft maturation consists of proliferation phase (0-6 weeks), transition phase (6-12 weeks), remodeling phase (12-26 weeks), and maturation phase (26 weeks-2 years). To achieve early protection, stimulate the maturation, and promote the graft-bone integrity, rehabilitation protocol ought to be based on the biomechanical properties at different phases. Weight-bearing program, range of motion (ROM), and options or facilities of exercise are importance when considering a rehabilitation program. Conclusion: It has been proved that the patients need a program with an increasingly progressive weight-bearing and ROM in principles of rehabilitation after ACI. Specific facilities can be taken at a certain phase. Evidences extracted in the present work are rather low and the high-quality and controlled trials still need to improve the rehabilitation protocol.