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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 411-412, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923139

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand anxiety status among students with hearing loss under the epidemic of novel coronarirus pneumonia, and to provide evidence for promoting mental health of hearing impaired students.@*Methods@#On March 10, 2020, 612 hearing impaired students in special schools in 6 provinces,including Guizhou,Sichuan,Hunan,Zhejiang,Chongqing and Xinjiang were investigated online with anxiety scale.@*Results@#The detection rate of anxiety in hearing impaired students was 52.8%. There was significant difference in the detection rate of anxiety among hearing impaired students by different economic status(from very good,good,mederate,poor and very poor:54.1%,63.9%,51.4%,40.7% and 38.8%) and relationship with their parents(from very good,good,mederate,poor and very poor:45.1%,55.7%,60.0%,84.6%,87.5%) ( χ 2=16.59, 62.46, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The anxiety level of hearing impaired students was high under the epidemic of novel coronavirus pneumonia. Hearing impaired students from families with good economic conditions and poor parent child relations are prone to anxiety. It is particularly important to establish a good parent child relationship.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 985-989, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909439

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic value of transthoracic lung ultrasound comet-tail and extravascular lung water index (EVLWI) in septic patients.Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted. Sixty septic patients admitted to department of intensive care unit (ICU) of Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital from November 2016 to October 2019 were enrolled. The EVLWI and pulmonary vascular permeability index (PVPI) were determined by pulse-indicated continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) system at 0, 24, 48 and 72 hours. At the same time, the numbers of comet tail signs in both lungs (parasternal, midclavicular, axillary to midaxillary) were collected by chest ultrasound. Moreover, arterial blood gas analysis, such as pH value, central venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide difference (Pcv-aCO 2), central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO 2), blood lactic acid (Lac), PaO 2/FiO 2 were measured. Pearson correlation analysis was performed between the number of comet-tail sign and EVLWI. Multivariate Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between the number of comet-tail sign, EVLWI and prognosis. Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to predict the prognosis. Results:There were 43 males and 17 females in 60 septic patients. The average age was (64.3±15.5) years old (range: 31-83 years old). There were 35 cases with pulmonary infection, 10 cases with abdominal infection, 6 cases with urinary tract infection, 3 cases with skin and soft tissue infection, 3 cases with intestinal infection, 1 case with meningitis, 1 case with cellulitis and 1 case with multiple injury. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) occurred with 8 patients; 40 patients (66.7%) survived and 20 patients (33.3%) died on day 28. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the number of comet-tail sign was positively correlated with EVLWI ( r = 0.944, P < 0.001). There was significant difference in the number of comet-tail signs among sepsis patients with different primary infection sites ( H = 17.714, P < 0.001). The number of comet-tail signs in sepsis patients with pulmonary infection [19 (13, 27)] was significantly higher than that with other infections. The number of comet-tail sign in patients with ARDS was significantly higher than that in patients without ARDS [27 (19, 30) vs. 15 (9, 24), H = 25.387, P < 0.001]. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that EVLWI, the number of comet-tail signs and PVPI were independent risk factors for death in septic patients [odds ratio ( OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were 10.772 (1.161-99.851), 2.360 (1.070-5.202), 2.042 (1.152-3.622), all P < 0.05]. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value of Logistic regression model based on comet-tail sign and EVLWI were 90.0%, 90.0%, 90.0%, 81.8%, 94.7%, respectively, and area under curve (AUC) were 0.926±0.018, 95% CI was 0.912-0.975, P < 0.001. Conclusions:The transthoracic lung ultrasound comet-tail in septic patients is significantly correlated with EVLWI monitored by PiCCO. The transthoracic lung ultrasound comet-tail combined with EVLWI can better improve the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 28-day prognosis in septic patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907722

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of Red Blood Cell Distribution Width (RDW) in predicting the prognosis of patients with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO).Methods:The clinical data of patients undergoing ECMO admitted to Intensive Care Unit of Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital from January 2015 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into the survival group and death group according to the prognosis during ICU hospitalization. The patients' basic data , acute physiology and chronic health score system Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ), RDW and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) at 72 hours after treatment with ECMO were compared between the two groups. Univariate and Logistic regression multivariate analyses were used to analyze the prognostic factors of patients with ECMO, predictive models and death warning scores were established. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of RDW and death warning scores for the prognosis of patients with ECMO.Results:A total of 71 patients with ECMO who met the inclusion criteria were included, including 38 patients in the death group and 33 patients in the survival group. The age, APACHE-Ⅱscore, 72 h RDW and 72 h APTT in the death group were higher than those in the survival group. Respectively, the hospitalization time of ICU in the death group was significantly lower than that in the survival group ( P< 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that APACHE-Ⅱscore ( OR=1.117, P=0.047)、72 h RDW( OR=1.102, P=0.029) and 72 h APTT ( OR=1.049, P=0.029) were independent risk factors for death in patients with ECMO. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curve (AUC) of the APACHE-Ⅱ, score 、72 h RDW and 72 h APTT were 0.691, 0.691 and 0.632( P<0.05), Respectively, the combined AUC was 0.764, the sensitivity was 0.526, and the specificity was 0.909. The death warning score of patients with ECMO was established according to the Predictive model , which is less than 2 points with low risk of death and more than 2 points with high risk of death. The area under the ROC curve of death warning score is 0.8, the sensitivity is 0.607 and the specificity is 0.923. Conclusions:The RDW at 72 hours after treatment with ECMO has a good value in predicting the prognosis of patients with ECMO. Besides, a greater predictive value for the prognosis of patients with ECMO by combining 72 hours RDW, 72 hours APTT with APACHE-Ⅱscore than that of any separate indicator.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827720

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for an infant with congenital generalized lipodystrophy.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the child and her parents were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. All exons and flanking sequences of the AGPAT2 gene were subjected to Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to harbor compound heterozygous c.792_805delGGAGAACGGGGCCA (p.Gln264Hisfs*208) and c.335C>T (p.P112L) variants in exons 6 and 3 of the AGPAT2 gene, which were respectively inherited from her mother and father. c.792_805delGGAGAACGGGGCCA (p.Gln264Hisfs*208) was previously unreported, while c.335C>T (p.P112L) was known to be pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous variants of the AGPAT2 gene probably underlie the disease in this child.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the drug resistance genes carried on a carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. isolate. Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on one strain of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp, which was clinically isolated in July 2016. The strain was identified by Vitek2-compact and further confirmed by PCR detection of bla OXA-51-like, 16S-23S rRNA intergenic space sequencing and partial rpoB gene sequence analysis. Carbapenemase (NDM, KPC, VIM, IMP, SIM, SPM, GIM, OXA-23-like, OXA-24-like, OXA-58-like), 16S rRNA methylase gene (armA, rmtA, rmtB), Beta-lactamases (TEM, SHV, CTX-M, VEB, PER) and class 1 integron were amplified and detected by PCR, and plasmids were analyzed using Southern hybridization. Results:The Acinetobacter baylyi isolate showed the positive for bla NDM-1 only, and negative for the other genes. Plasmid analysis and Southern bybridization result revealed that the bla NDM-1 gene was located on unconjugatable plasmid (54 000-60 000 bp). Conclusions:Attention should be paid to the occurrence of carbapenem-resistant non-baumannii Acinetobacter spp. and the transmission mechanism of drug resistant genes.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of B lymphocyte induced maturation protein 1 (Blimp-1) in peripheral blood CD4 + T cells, CD19 + B cells and labial glands of patients with primary Sj?gren′s syndrome (pSS) and the correlation of Blimp-1 with clinical features. Methods:Expression of PRDM1 at mRNA level in CD4 + T cells, CD19 + B cells and labial gland tissues were detected by RT-PCR. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to observe the distribution of Blimp-1. Correlation of PRDM1 expression at mRNA level with clinical indicators was analyzed. Results:PRDM1 expression at mRNA level in CD4 + T and CD19 + B cells were significantly higher in pSS group than in healthy control (HC) group ( P<0.01). Based on European League Against Rheumatism Sj?gren′s Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI), the patients were classified into two groups: active group (ESSDAI≥5) and inactive group (ESSDAI<5). PRDM1 expression at mRNA level in CD4 + T and CD19 + B cells were also higher in the active group than in inactive group ( P<0.05). Blimp-1 protein accumulated around the acinus and duct of labial gland and in the germinal center in pSS patients. PRDM1 expression at mRNA level in labial gland tissues of pSS patients was positively correlated with lymphocyte infiltration ( r=0.781, P<0.001). Conclusions:pSS displayed high expression of Blimp-1. Blimp-1 might affect pSS disease activity and have clinical significance in pSS treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773472

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the therapeutic effect of Qingshen Granules on renal anemia in patients with damp-heat syndrome and explore the mechanisms in light of inflammation/hepcidin axis and iron metabolism.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with renal anemia and dampness-heat syndrome were randomized into control group (=30) and treatment group (=30). All the patients were given routine treatment, and the patients in the treatment group received additional treatment with Qingshen Granules (3 times a day). After 12 weeks of treatments, the patients were examined for changes in the integral value of TCM syndrome, serum creatinine (Scr), glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT), red blood cell (RBC) count, interleukin-6 (IL-6), hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), ferritin, growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), serum iron (SI), total iron binding capacity (TIBC), transferrin saturation (TAST), soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) and ferritin levels.@*RESULTS@#After the treatment, the scores of TCM syndrome were significantly improved in the treatment group and were better than those in the control group (=0.000). Scr and eGFR were improved in both groups after the treatment. The levels of HGB, HCT and RBC were all improved in the two groups after treatment, and the improvements were more obvious in the treatment group (=0.002, 0.002, and 0.017, respectively). The levels of IL-6, hs-CRP, hepcidine and GDF-15 were all lowered in the two groups after the treatment, and they were all significantly lower in the treatment group than in the control group (all =0.000). The treatments increased the levels of SI and TAST in both of the groups, and compared with those in control group, the levels of TIBC, sTfR and ferritin were significantly lowered in the treatment group after the 12-week treatment (=0.000).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Qingshen granules can effectively improve renal anemia in patients with damp-heat syndrome possibly by improving iron metabolism through alleviation of inflammation and reduction of hepcidine level.

8.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 95-103, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804752

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on healing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infective wound in New Zealand rabbit after debridement.@*Methods@#Thirty-two New Zealand rabbits (3 to 4 months old, no matter male or female) were intradermally injected with 0.1 mL of complete Freund′s adjuvant on the buttocks. Six weeks later, each rabbit was injected with 0.5 mL 5×107 colony forming unit/mL Bacillus Calmette-Guerin on both sides of the back to reproduce the model of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infective wound in New Zealand rabbit. After successful modeling, the 32 rabbits were divided into growth factor (GF) group, antituberculosis drug (AD) group, combined treatment (CT) group, and blank control (BC) group according to the random number table, with 8 rabbits in each group. After a complete debridement, the wounds of rabbits in group GF were treated with recombinant bovine bFGF gel (300 IU/cm2, about 0.45 g for each wound), the wounds of rabbits in group AD were covered with gauze which was impregnated with 6 mL isoniazid injection and 0.15 g rifampicin powder-injection, the wounds of rabbits in group CT were covered with gauze which was impregnated with isoniazid injection and rifampicin powder-injection after being treated with recombinant bovine bFGF gel as before, the wounds of rabbits in group BC were covered with sterile gauze, with dressing change of once every two days until the wounds were completely healed. Immediately after surgery and on post surgery day (PSD) 7, 14, 21, and 28, the wounds of rabbits in each group were observed with naked eyes and photos. On PSD 7, 14, 21, and 28, the wound healing rate was calculated and the complete healing time of wound was recorded. On PSD 7, 14, 21, and 28, the tissue samples of wound edge were collected for histomorphological observation with hematoxylin and eosin staining and Masson staining. On PSD 21, the number of microvessels was counted with immunohistochemical method. On PSD 7, 14, 21, and 28, the content of hydroxyproline in wound edge was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The numbers of samples of above-mentioned experiments were all 8. Data were processed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, analysis of variance of factorial design, one-way analysis of variance, least significant difference test and Bonferroni correction.@*Results@#(1) The rabbits in four groups all survived to the end of experiment. Immediately after surgery, edema was observed in basal wounds of rabbits in the four groups. On PSD 7, the wounds of rabbits in the 4 groups were contracted with scabs and less edema. The wounds of rabbits in groups GF and CT became redder. On PSD 14, the wounds of rabbits in the 4 groups contracted obviously. There were no obvious exudates in wounds of rabbits in groups AD and CT, while 1 wound of rabbit in group GF and 2 wounds of rabbits in group BC became red and swelling with purulent exudates. On PSD 21, wounds of rabbits in groups GF and CT were basically healed, while 2 wounds of rabbits in group BC healed slowly with purulent secretion. On PSD 28, wounds of rabbits in the 4 groups were basically healed, while 2 wounds of rabbits in group BC hardly healed with redness and swelling. (2) From PSD 7 to 28, the wound healing rates of rabbits in groups GF, AD, and CT were significantly higher than those in group BC (P<0.05). On PSD 14 and 21, the wound healing rates of rabbits in groups GF and CT were significantly higher than those in group AD (P<0.05). From PSD 7 to 28, the wound healing rates of rabbits in group GF were close to those in group CT (P>0.05). (3) The complete healing time of wounds of rabbits in groups GF, AD, and CT was significantly shorter than that in group BC (P<0.05). The complete healing time of wounds of rabbits in groups GF and CT was significantly shorter than that in group AD (P<0.05). The complete healing time of wounds of rabbits in group GF was close to that in group CT (P>0.05). (4) On PSD 7, a large number of inflammatory cells infiltration were observed in wound tissue of rabbits in the 4 groups and a few epithelial cells were observed in wound tissue of rabbits in groups GF, AD, and CT. On PSD 14, more epithelial cells were observed in wound tissue of rabbits in groups GF and CT, and an obvious reduction of inflammatory cells infiltration was observed in wound tissue of rabbits in groups AD and CT. On PSD 21, there was a complete wound tissue structure and distinctive nuance of dyeing in wound tissue of rabbits in groups GF and CT while thinner new epithelium in wound tissue of rabbits in groups AD and BC, and inflammatory cell infiltration was observed in wound tissue of rabbits in group BC. On PSD 28, there was a complete wound tissue structure in wound tissue of rabbits in the 4 groups, the new epithelium in wound tissue of rabbits in groups GF, AD, and CT was thicker than that in group BC. (5) On PSD 7 and 14, the quantity of collagen fibers in wound tissue of rabbits in groups GF and CT was larger than that in the other two groups. On PSD 21, a large quantity of fibroblasts and well reorganized collagen fibers were observed in wound tissue of rabbits in groups GF and CT, a moderate quantity of fibroblasts and collagen fibers in a random arrangement were observed in wound tissue of rabbits in group AD, and a little quantity of fibroblasts and collagen fibers were observed in wound tissue of rabbits in group BC. On PSD 28, the quantity of collagen fibers in wound tissue of rabbits in the 4 groups was close to that of normal skin tissue, and the collagen fibers performed more well reorganized in wound tissue of rabbits in groups GF and CT. (6) On PSD 21, the numbers of microvessels per 200-time visual field in wound edge of rabbits in groups GF (31.6±1.2), AD (27.5±1.3), and CT (32.8±1.6) were significantly higher than the number in group BC (22.3±1.7, P<0.05). The numbers of microvessels in wound edge of rabbits in groups GF and CT were significantly higher than the number in group AD (P<0.05). The number of microvessels in wound edge of rabbits in group GF was close to that in group CT (P>0.05). (7) On PSD 7 and 28, there were no statistically significant differences in content of hydroxyproline in wound edge of rabbits in the 4 groups (F=0.916, 1.752, P>0.05). On PSD 14 and 21, the content of hydroxyproline in wound edge of rabbits in groups GF, AD, and CT was significantly higher than that in group BC (P<0.05). The content of hydroxyproline in the wound edge of rabbits in groups GF and CT was significantly higher than that in group AD (P<0.05). The content of hydroxyproline in the wound edge of rabbits in group GF was close to that in group CT (P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#bFGF can be used solely or combined with AD to promote Mycobacterium tuberculosis infective wound healing in New Zealand rabbit after complete debridement of wound, which is better than single use of AD.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746256

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the application of multiple fluorescent PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) in the diagnosis and clinical detection of bloodstream infection. Methods 256 blood cultures were collected by the Laboratory Department of Yinzhou People′s Hospital from January 2018 to May 2018, and were detected by multiplex fluorescent PCR. The results of the PCR were compared with the traditional blood culture bacteria identification instrument (traditional blood culture method). The number of positive and negative samples and the number of corresponding samples of the two methods were counted. Then, they analyzed the specificity and sensitivity of multiplex fluorescence PCR in the diagnosis of bloodstream flow infections. Results A total of 18 pathogenic microbes are detected through blood culture and PCR. Multiple fluorescent PCR detects 142 positive samples and 114 negative samples. Among them, 132 samples also show positive through blood culture, and 111 samples show negative. The consistency rate between multiple PCR and traditional blood cultures is 91.8% (235/256). The negative prediction rate of PCR is 97.4% (111/114), sensitivity rate 97.8% (132/135), specificity rate 91.7% (111/121). 10 samples show positive through multiple fluorescence PCR but negative for blood culture, 3 samples show positive through blood culture but negative for PCR. Besides, there are 3 types of pathogens that exceed the detection range of PCR. Conclusions Multiplex PCR method can detect 17 pathogens in blood culture specimens of patients, which can not only optimize the traditional blood culture process, but also greatly shorten the reporting time and improve the detection rate of blood culture methods. Especially for patients treated with antibiotics, it can reduce missed detection and improve the diagnostic rate of bloodstream infections.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1216-1230, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815857

ABSTRACT

Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) modulators may attenuate PCSK9-induced low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) degradation in lysosome and promote the clearance of circulating low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). A novel series of tetrahydroprotoberberine derivatives (THPBs) were designed, synthesized, and evaluated as PCSK9 modulators for the treatment of hyperlipidemia. Among them, eight compounds exhibited excellent activities in downregulating hepatic PCSK9 expression better than berberine in HepG2 cells. In addition, five compounds , , , ()-, and ()- showed better performance in the low-density lipoprotein, labeled with 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethyl-indocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI-LDL) uptake assay, compared with berberine at the same concentration. Compound , selected for evaluation, demonstrated significant reductions of total cholesterol (TC) and LDL-C in hyperlipidemic hamsters with a good pharmacokinetic profile. Further exploring of the lipid-lowering mechanism showed that compound promoted hepatic LDLR expression in a dose-dependent manner in HepG2 cells. Additional results of human related gene (hERG) inhibition assay indicated the potential druggability for compound , which is a promising lead compound for the development of PCSK9 modulator for the treatment of hyperlipidemia.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Ronghuang granule on serum fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFRs) and Klotho protein levels in non-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) and kidney deficiency and damp heat syndrome.@*METHODS@#Seventy non-dialysis CKD-MBD patients with kidney deficiency and dampness-heat syndrome were randomized into control group (=35) and treatment group (=35). All the patients were given routine treatment combined with traditional Chinese medicine retention enema, and the patients in the treatment group received additional Ronghuang granule treatment (3 times a day). After the 12-week treatments, the patients were examined for changes of TCM syndromes. Serum levels of Ca, P, parathyroid hormone (iPTH), FGF23, FGFRs and Klotho proteins were detected before and after treatment. These parameters were also examined in 20 healthy volunteers.@*RESULTS@#Sixty-five patients completed the study, including 33 in the control group and 32 in the treatment group. The patients in the treatment group showed significantly better treatment responses than those in the control group ( < 0.05 or 0.01). At 4, 8, and 12 weeks of treatment, the patients in the treatment group had significantly lowered scores of TCM syndromes compared with the score before treatment ( < 0.05 or 0.01), while in the control group, significant reduction of the scores occurred only at 12 weeks ( < 0.05); at each of the time points, the treatment group had significantly greater reductions in the score than the control group ( < 0.01). Significant improvements in serum Ca, P and iPTH levels were observed at 4, 8, and 12 weeks in the treatment group ( < 0.05) but only at 12 weeks in the control group ( < 0.05). The patients in the control and treatment groups all showed elevated serum levels of FGF23, FGFRs and Klotho protein compared with the normal subjects ( < 0.01); FGF23, FGFRs and Klotho levels were significantly reduced in the treatment group ( < 0.05) but remained unchanged in the control group (>0.05), showing significant differences between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ronghuang granule improves the clinical symptoms of non-dialysis CKD-MBD patients with kidney deficiency and dampness heat syndrome by reducing serum levels of FGF23, FGFRs and Klotho, improving calcium and phosphorus metabolism disorder, and inhibiting secondary hyperparathyroidism.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Blood , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder , Blood , Therapeutics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Enema , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Blood , Glucuronidase , Blood , Humans , Parathyroid Hormone , Blood , Phosphorus , Blood , Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor , Blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Blood , Therapeutics , Sweating Sickness , Blood , Therapeutics , Syndrome
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 92-98, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806112

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of triptolide, a specific inhibitor of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), on apatinib resistance in gastric cancer cells line MKN45.@*Methods@#The apatinib-resistant cells (MKN45/AR) and MKN45 parental cells were treated with apatinib, triptolide and apatinib combined with triptolide, respectively. CCK-8 assay was performed to determine the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of MKN45/AR and MKN45 cells in the presence of different treatment. The mRNA expression of heat shock protein gene (HSPA1A and HSPA1B) was detected by RT-PCR, while the protein expression of heat shock protein 70 was analyzed using Western blot in MKN45/AR and MKN45 cells.@*Results@#The IC50 values of apatinib-sensitive and apatinib-resistant MKN45 cells were 10.411 μmol/L and 70.527 μmol/L, respectively, showing a significant difference (P<0.05). The mRNA expression of HSPA1A and HSPA1B in MKN45/AR cells was significantly higher than that in MKN45 cells (P<0.001). The protein expression of heat shock protein 70 was significantly decreased after 0.25 μmol/L triptolide treatment in MKN45/AR cells (P<0.01). When heat shock protein 70 was inhibited by triptolide, the IC50 value of apatinib in MKN45/AR cells was reduced to 11.679 μmol/L, which was significantly lower than cells treated with apatinib alone (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The apatinib-resistant MKN45 cells have high levels of heat shock protein 70. Low doses of triptolide can significantly inhibit heat shock protein 70, leading to reverse the resistance phenotype of MKN45/AR cells. Therefore, inhibition of heat shock protein 70 provides a new therapy strategy for patients with apatinib resistance.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701905

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of early enteral nutrition ( EN ) on the serum endotoxin and intestinal permeability in patients with severe acute pancreatitis ( SAP ) .Methods Seventy patients with SAP were selected as study objects ,and they were divided into parenteral nutrition ( PN) group and EN group according to the random number table method ,with 35 cases in each group.The PN group was given PN intervention ,while the EN group was given EN intervention .The levels of serum endotoxin and the ratio of the excretion rates of urinary lactulose and mannitol excretion before and after 1 week and 2 weeks of intervention , and the levels of inflammatory factors before and after treatment were measured .Results Before intervention ,the levels of serum endotoxin and the ratio of the excretion rates of urinary lactulose and mannitol excretion had no statistically significant differences between the two groups (t=0.274,P=0.452;t=0.035,P=0.885).After 1 week and 2 weeks of intervention,the levels of serum endotoxin and the ratio of the excretion rates of urinary lactulose and mannitol excretion in the EN group were significantly lower than those in the PN group (t=9.024,10.761,P=0.000,0.000;t=6.935,8.358,P=0.000, 0.000).After treatment,the levels of TNF -α,IL-1β,IL-6 and IL-8 in the EN group were significantly lower than those in the PN group (t=12.674,10.318,9.754,8.307,P=0.000,0.000,0.000,0.002).Conclusion EN has significant influence on the serum endotoxin and intestinal permeability in patients with SAP ,and compared with PN,EN can promote the clearance of serum endotoxin ,reduce the permeability of intestinal mucosa ,and it is worth promoting.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712099

ABSTRACT

Objective In comparison with Xpert C.difficile/Epi through detection of Clostridium difficile toxin genes from clinical stool , the performance of a laboratory-developed ( LD) assay was evaluated in detail.Methods A total of 176 stool specimens collected from patients with diarrhea in the First People′s Hospital of Yuhang District and the People′s Hospital of Yingzhou , Ningbo from August 1 to December 30 were detected by the two assays in parallel , and meanwhile the C.difficile strains will be isolated and identified for C.difficile toxin genes by a conventional PCR assay .The Cross-tabs Analysis was used for the results by using SPSS20.0 software.Results In comparison with the results of Xpert C.difficile/Epi as the standard, the LD assay had a sensitivity of 91.7%(22/24), a specificity of 100%(152/152), a positive predictive value (PPV) of 100%(22/22), and negative predictive value (NPV) 98.7%(152/154).The results of two assays were statistically coherent (Kappa=0.950, P<0.001).In comparison with culture and detection of toxin genes results , the LD assay had a sensitivity of 90.0% ( 18/20 ) , a specificity of 97.0%(152/156), a PPV of 81.8% (18/22), and NPV of 98.7% (152/154)(Kappa=0.838, P<0.001), and the Xpert C.difficile/Epi assay had a sensitivity of 90.0% (18/20), a specificity of 96.0%(150/156), a PPV of 75.0%(18/24), and NPV of 98.7% (150/152)(Kappa=0.792, P<0.001). Conclusions The performance of the LD assay was similar to that of the Xpert C .difficile/Epi kit in detection of toxigenic C.difficile.The LD assay could be directly applied to detection of toxigenic C.difficile from clinical stool samples .The clinical application of this LD assay will also provide a domestic and promising diagnostic assay for diagnosis of C.difficile infection in China.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710071

ABSTRACT

Critical ultrasonography(CUS) is different from the traditional diagnostic ultrasound,the examiner and interpreter of the image are critical care medicine physicians.The core content of CUS is to evaluate the pathophysiological changes of organs and systems and etiology changes.With the idea of critical care medicine as the soul,it can integrate the above information and clinical information,bedside real-time diagnosis and titration treatment,and evaluate the therapeutic effect so as to improve the outcome.CUS is a traditional technique which is applied as a new application method.The consensus of experts on critical ultrasonography in China released in 2016 put forward consensus suggestions on the concept,implementation and application of CUS.It should be further emphasized that the accurate and objective assessment and implementation of CUS requires the standardization of ultrasound image acquisition and the need to establish a CUS procedure.At the same time,the standardized training for CUS accepted by critical care medicine physicians requires the application of technical specifications,and the establishment of technical specifications is the basis for the quality control and continuous improvement of CUS.Chinese Critical Ultrasound Study Group and Critical Hemodynamic Therapy Collabration Group,based on the rich experience of clinical practice in critical care and research,combined with the essence of CUS,to learn the traditional ultrasonic essence,established the clinical application technical specifications of CUS,including in five parts:basic view and relevant indicators to obtain in CUS;basic norms for viscera organ assessment and special assessment;standardized processes and systematic inspection programs;examples of CUS applications;CUS training and the application of qualification certification.The establishment of applied technology standard is helpful for standardized training and clinical correct implementation.It is helpful for clinical evaluation and correct guidance treatment,and is also helpful for quality control and continuous improvement of CUS application.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 584-587, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708783

ABSTRACT

In order to understand the patients' physique accurately,and formulate individualized conditioning scheme for patients with biased physique,our hospital established a new clinic called physique nursing clinic of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in August 2017,formed a series of corresponding rules and management regulations,and made clear the focus of the clinic and the work content of outpatient nurses.After implementation,the physique nursing clinic of TCM has achieved various goals:a total of 526 cases of TCM physique identification were carried out,324 patients with biased physique were given health guidance,and 148 cases of referral treatment.Hospital organized clinic members to go out to study for 10 times,and the voluntary community clinic were developed for 4 times.The physique nursing clinic of TCM has been appreciated by outpatients,doctors and nurses,who believed it could meet patients' individualized health needs and promote the development of TCM nursing.

17.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 130-133, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706633

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of speckle tracking imaging ( STI) in the evaluation of left ventricular longitudinal movement function in patients with sepsis. Methods From April 2015 to November 2016,sixty?eight patients (sepsis group) who were admitted into ICU of Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital and other 68 healthy subjects ( control group) were selevted in the study. The total longitudinal strain values of 3 long axes and the longitudinal strain of each segment of the left ventricle were measured by STI technique. Results The overall strain values of the septic group and the control group on the left ventricular long axis were (-17. 34±4. 34) and (-18. 43±2. 90),respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P=0. 04 ) , and the overall strain of the sepsis group was relatively low. The apical segment of posterior ventricular septal,the middle section of anterior septal and lateral wall of the two groups had showed no statistically significant difference ( P<0. 05) ,the differences in the other longitudinal strain values of each segment in left ventricular of the two groups were statistically significant( P<0. 05) . The longitudinal strain values of the posterior ventricular septal were (-14. 11 ± 3. 21 ) and (-18. 23 ± 2. 34 ) , ( P=0. 018 ); the longitudinal strain of the middle segment of ventricular septal were (-20. 38±2. 78) and (-17. 30±3. 42),(P=0. 024);the longitudinal strain of the basal segment of the anterior ventricular septal were (-16. 98±3. 51) and (-17. 32 ± 2. 35 ) , ( P=0. 012 ); the anterior interventricular septal apical longitudinal strain value were (-13. 11±5. 21) and (-22. 43 ± 1. 64) ( P=0. 044); the longitudinal strain values of the front wall were (-16. 22±5. 93) and (-19. 72 ± 4. 81) ( P=0. 030); the longitudinal strain values of the lower wall were (-18. 54±4. 97) and (-20. 01±3. 26),(P=0. 002); the longitudinal strain of the posterior wall is (-17. 82 ±2. 31) and (-19. 57±3. 11) (P=0. 021). Conclusion The STI technique can find out the myocardial injury in the early stage of sepsis,which offers a reliable way for evaluation of sepsis patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 598-601, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613153

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the hair selenium level by material microwave digestion-atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Methods The selenium in hair was determined by hydride atomic fluorescence spectrometry after microwave digestion, and the method was improved by exploring the test conditions. The linear relationship and linear range of the standard curve, the detection limit, the precision and the accuracy of the sample determination were implemented under the optimized conditions. The selenium value of standard material of human hair was tested by material microwave digestion-atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Results The selenium detection limit of material microwave digestion-atomic fluorescence spectrometry was 0.095 μg/g, the correlation coefficient of standard curve was 0.9997, the relative standard deviation was 1.32% - 2.48%, the average recovery rate was 93.4% - 98.2%, and the selenium value of standard material of human hair was in the standard value range of uncertainty, which met the requirements. Conclusion The method is simple, accurate and precise, and it is an accurate and reliable method for determination of selenium in hair.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498444

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the improvement effects of Qingshen Granule on the life quality of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with damp-heat syndrome. Methods The CKD patients with damp-heat syndrome were randomly divided into experimental group and control group. The control group was treated with Western medicine, and the treatment group was treated with Qingshen Granules additionally for 12 weeks. SCr and eGFR were observed before and after treatment, and the life quality was investigated by KDQOL-SFTM1.3. Results Actually 156 cases were completed, including 77 cases in the treatment group and 79 cases in the control group. The total rate of curative effect was 81.82% (63/77) in teatment group, and (63.29%, 50/79) in control group, with significent difference (P<0.05). Multivariate linear regression analysis indicated that gender, education level, TCM syndrome score, CKD stage, eGFR and Hb level could affect the life quality. The scores of KDQOL-SFTM and its containing the MOS item short from health survey (SF-36) and kidney disease targeted areas (KDTA) were significantly improved after treatment in experimental group (P<0.05), while the scores in control group were with no significant improvement. The improving effects of PCS, and SPL, SLEEP, PS in KDTA in treatment group were significantly superior to those in control group (P<0.05). The scores of life quality in effective and stable cases increased significantly after treatment compared with before treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion Qingshen Granules can effectively improve the life quality of CKD patients with damp-heat syndrome, and the effect is not dependent on the improvement of laboratory indexes (renal function).

20.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 672-675, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498340

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes of early death in elderly patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis ( MHD) and major risk factors.Methods A retrospective study was conducted.Fourty-three patients who had undergone MHD between January 2005 and December 2015 and died within 3 -12 months after hemodialysis in the Hemodialysis Center of China Aerospace Center Hospital were included in Group A while 106 patients who had undergone hemodialysis in the same period but survived for over 12 months were selected as control group(Group B).Results The main causes of early death of 43 elderly patients with MHD were cardiovascular ( 46.5%) and cerebrovascular diseases ( 25.6%) (CCVD), and infections(14.0%).The age,proportion of patients with diabetes and CVD,and the proportion of patients using the central venous catheter( CVC) as vascular access were higher in Group A,but the level of hemoglobin and serum albumin was lower.Indicators of cardiac structure and function showed that the left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVDd),left ventricular posterior wall thickness(LVPWT),and left ventricular myocardial quality index(LVMI)in Group A were well above those in Group B, but EF and E/A ratio were significantly lower(P<0.05 and P<0.01).COX regression analysis indicated that the comorbidity with CVD, a lower level of serum albumin and EF were the main risk factors for early mortality in elderly patients under MHD.Conclusion The main cause of early death in elderly MHD patients is CCVD.The comorbidity of CVD, malnutrition and decreased left ventricular systolic function might be the main risk factors for early mortality in elderly MHD patients.Early and adequate dialysis,active treatment of underlying diseases, and the correction of hypoalbuminemia can decrease complications,prolong life and improve the quality of life.

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