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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1039-1049, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927761

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus core protein (HBc) has become a hot spot in drug carrier protein research due to its natural particle self-assembly ability and ease of modification. The truncation of the C-terminal polyarginine domain (CTD, aa 151-183) of HBc does not affect the self-assembly of the particles. However, it does affect the internal and external charges of the particles, which may subsequently affect drug encapsulation. Thus, the truncated C-terminal polyarginine domain (CTD) of HBc and the inserted RGD peptide were selected to construct and express three HBc variants (RH) encapsulated with ICG (RH/ICG) with different C-terminal lengths to compare the stability and drug activity of their nanoformulations. RH160/ICG was found to have a great advantages in encapsulation efficiency and biological imaging. Compared with other HBc variants, RH160/ICG significantly improved encapsulation efficiency, up to 32.77%±1.23%. Cytotoxicity and hemolysis assays further demonstrated the good biocompatibility of RH160/ICG. Cell uptake and in vivo imaging experiments in mice showed that RH160/ICG could efficiently deliver ICG in tumor cells and tumor sites with good imaging effect. This research provides a new direction for further expanding the diagnosis and treatment application of ICG and development of HBc-based nanoparticle drug carrier platform.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B Core Antigens , Indocyanine Green/chemistry , Mice , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Viral Core Proteins
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4066-4074, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921487

ABSTRACT

Different fragments of SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein were expressed and purified, and a fluorescence immunochromatography method for detection of SARS-CoV-2 total antibody was established. The effect of different protein fragments on the performance of the method was evaluated. The N protein sequence was analyzed by bioinformatics technology, expressed in prokaryotic cell and purified by metal ion affinity chromatography column. Different N protein fragments were prepared for comparison. EDC reaction was used to label fluorescence microsphere on the synthesized antigen to construct sandwich fluorescence chromatography antibody detection assay, and the performance was systemically evaluated. Among the 4 prepared N protein fragments, the full-length N protein (N419) was selected as the optimized coating antigen, N412 with 0.5 mol/L NaCl was used as the optimal combination; deleting 91-120 amino acids from the N-terminal of N412 reduced non-specific signal by 87.5%. the linear range of detection was 0.312-80 U/L, the limit of detection was 0.165 U/L, and the accuracy was more than 95%. A fluorescence immunochromatographic detection method for analysis of SARS-CoV-2 total antibody was established by pairing N protein fragments. The detection result achieved 98% concordance with the commercially available Guangzhou Wanfu test strip, which is expected to be used as a supplementary approach for detection of SARS-CoV-2. The assay could also provide experimental reference for improving the performance of COVID-19 antibody detection reagents.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19 , Chromatography, Affinity , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Microspheres , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912318

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematic review the clinical efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy for resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Methods:Literature search was performed from Web of Science, Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CBM, Wanfang Data, CNKI and Chongqing VIP. The clinical controlled studies of neoadjuvant chemotherapy versus neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiation in the treatment of resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was searched. Relevant outcome indicators were analyzed by Revman 5.3 statistical software.Results:Nine studies were included, with a total of 1, 369 patients. Compared with the neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, the neoadjuvant chemotherapy had lower overall survival rates at 3 and 5 years( OR=0.68, 95% CI: 0.53-0.86, P<0.05; OR=0.51, 95% CI: 0.34-0.77, P<0.05) , lower pathological complete remission rate( OR=0.28, 95% CI: 0.18-0.45, P<0.05)and R0 resection rate( OR=0.39, 95% CI: 0.22-0.68, P<0.05), The total postoperative complication rate is similar( OR=1.07, 95% CI: 0.75-1.51, P>0.05). Conclusion:Neoadjuvant concurrent radiochemotherapy maybe superior to neoadjuvant chemotherapy among patients with resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910430

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety between neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery and immediate surgery in the treatment of resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer.Methods:Literature review was performed from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CBM, Wanfang, CNKI and VIP from the inception date to February, 2020 using the key words including "pancreatic neoplasm, pancreatic cancer, surgery, preoperative chemoradiotherapy, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy" in both English and Chinese. The randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery versus immediate surgery in the treatment of resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer were searches. Literature screening, data extraction and estimation of the risk of bias were independently conducted by two researchers. The HR and 95% CI were used for estimating the overall survival time. The R 0 resection rate, overall incidence of postoperative complications, and mortality rate throughout treatment were assessed by the RR and 95% CI. The heterogeneity of the studies was analyzed using the I2 test. Results:A total of 4 RCTs were included. Among 400 patients, 197 cases were assigned into the neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy combined with surgery group and 203 in the immediate surgery group. The results of Meta-analysis showed that patients in the neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery group obtained longer overall survival ( HR=0.76, 95% CI: 0.60-0.97, P=0.03) and higher R 0 resection rate ( RR=1.72, 95% CI: 1.40-2.13, P<0.01). Besides, the overall incidence of postoperative complications ( RR=1.02, 95% CI: 0.73-1.43, P=0.90) and mortality rate throughout treatment ( RR=1.19, 95% CI: 0.48-2.93, P=0.71) did not significantly differ between two groups. Conclusions:During the treatment of resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery may bring more survival benefits than immediate surgery and does not increase the incidence of postoperative complications and mortality rate throughout treatment. Therefore, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery can be used as a recommended treatment for patients with resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1216-1222, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826856

ABSTRACT

A rapid and simple method to detect tumor markers in liver cancer was established by combining immunochromatography technique with fluorescent microsphere labeling. According to the principle of double antibody sandwich, the cytoskeleton-associated protein 4 (CKAP4) paired antibody was used as the labeled and coated antibody, and the goat anti-rabbit polyclonal antibody was used as the quality control line coated antibody in the preparation of the CKAP4 fluorescent immunochromatographic test strips. After the preparation, the test strips were evaluated on various performance indicators, such as linearity, precision and stability. The CKAP4 immunochromatographic strip prepared by time-resolved fluorescent microspheres had high sensitivity, and good specificity. Its precision was within 15%, recovery between 85% and 115%, and linear range between 25 and 1 000 pg/mL. The test strip could be kept stable at 37 °C for 20 days, and it correlated well with commercial ELISA kits. The CKAP4 fluorescence immunochromatography method can quantitatively detect the content of CKAP4 in serum. Furthermore, it is rapid, sensitive, simple, economical and single-person operation. This method has the potential of becoming a new method for the diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Metabolism , Chromatography, Affinity , Fluorescence , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Membrane Proteins , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 23-25,28, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691734

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between the genetic polymorphism of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)-308 with benazepril treatment response in the patients with hypertensive renal damage in Ningxia area.Methods Two hundred and eighty-four patients initially diagnosed as hypertension were enrolled and the hypertensive renal damage defined by the measurement of urinary albumin excretion rate(UAER).At the same time 160 individuals undergoing healthy physical examination were selected as the normal blood pressure control group.The plasma samples were obtained from all the subjects,and plasma level of TNF-α and TNF-α-308 gene polymorphism were detected.Then the patients with hypertensive renal damage were interfered with benazepril as one of the antihypertensive drugs,and the treatment response of different TNF-α-308 genotypes to benazepril was observed,and the comparative analysis was performed.Results Among the TNF-α-308 genotypes in the patients with simple hypertension,genotype GA was the most common,followed by GG and AA successively,with the G/A allele frequency of 53 %/47 % (P<0.05).In the patients with hypertensive renal damage,genotype GG was the most common,followed by GA and AA successively,with the G/A allele frequency of 70%/30%,the genotypes and allele frequency had no statistical difference(P<0.05).Before and after benazepril treatment,the change range of UAER in the patients with genotype AA was maximal,followed by the genotype GA and GG,the difference among 3 groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion The TNF-α-308 gene is correlated with hypertensive renal damage and its response to benazepril treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620424

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of antipsychotic drugs combined with psychological intervention on the elderly patients with acute mental disorders after surgery operation.Methods 100 cases of elderly male patients undergoing surgery in our hospital from January 2015 to December 2016 as the object of study in the course of the study,were randomly divided into control group and experimental group,with 50 cases in each group.The control group received routine care,antipsychotic drug combined with psychological nursing intervention for patients in the experimental group,focusing on the psychological status of patients,strengthen exchanges and communication with patients,patients with heart to eliminate negative emotions,help patients recover as soon as possible.The anxiety and depression of the experimental group and the control group were compared and analyzed.Results After the corresponding nursing,the experimental group of patients with anxiety self rating scale and self rating Depression Scale score was significantly better than before nursing, the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).The self rating depression scale of the experimental group was(44.23±3.78),and the self rating Anxiety Scale score was(42.35±5.98).In the control group,the depression score was(48.73±2.53),and the anxiety score was(45.94±4.92).The anxiety score and depression score of the experimental group were significantly better than those of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion Antipsychotic drugs combined with psychological intervention can help the elderly male surgical acute mental disorders recovered to a certain extent,ease the patients with depression and anxiety,with further clinical promotion and application significance.

8.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 497-501, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618279

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between the genetic polymorphism of interleukine-6 (IL-6)-174 and the response to benazepril treatment in patients with hypertensive renal damage. Methods Two hundred and eighty-four patients with hypertension were enrolled in this study. The hypertensive renal damage was defined by the measurement of urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER). One hundred and sixty healthy subjects were enrolled simultaneously as control group. Blood samples were obtained from all the subjects, and plasma levels of IL-6 and the genotype of gene IL-6-174 were detected. The patients with hypertensive renal damage were treated with benazepril for 16 weeks. The responses were evaluated by the changes of UAER level to benazepril in different genotypes. Results Genotype CC was the most common of the gene IL-6-174 in patients with hypertension, followed by GG and GC successively, with the G/C allele frequency of 47%and 53%(P<0.05), while in patients with hypertensive renal damage, GG was the most common genotype of the gene IL-6-174, followed by GC and CC successively, with the G/C allele frequency of 68%and 32%(P<0.05). After benazepril treatment, the UAER was decreased most in patients with genotype CC, followed by GC and GG successively ( P<0.05). Conclusion The G allele frequency of the gene IL-6-174 is related with hypertensive renal damage in patients in Ningxia, with GG as the most common genotype. The patients with CC genotype have the best response to benazepril treatment, with most decreased UAER.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467797

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of ultrasound elastography hardness score and area ratio to identify benign and malignant lesions.Methods 90 patients with breast lumps were selected and divided into the malignant and non -malignant group according to surgical pathology diagnosis,they were 40 cases (a total of 45 tumors)and 50 cases (a total of 57 tumors),two groups of patients were detected in ultrasound elastography,anal-ysis of imaging hardness ratings and area ratio and other information,to investigate the clinical diagnostic value. Results The ultrasound elastography of 50 cases with benign tumor were 0 -2 point,7 cases were 3 -4 point, 7 cases with malignant tumors were 0 -2 point,38 cases were 3 -4 point,the difference between the two groups were statistically significant (χ2 =28.55,P <0.05);The average area ratio of benign tumor was (1.01 ±0.27),malignant tumors was (2.28 ±1.68),the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(t =9.22,P =0.001);the sensitivity,specificity,accuracy of elastography hardness rating in diagnosis of malignant breast tumors were 87.72%,84.44%,86.27%,the area ratio method were 85.96%,86.67%,86.27%,joint inspection of the two groups were 96.49%,95.55%,96.08%,joint inspection had obvious advantages,the difference was statistically sig-nificant(χ2 =16.24,13.58,P <0.05).Conclusion Ultrasound elastography hardness rating combined area ratio has a higher accuracy rate for differentiating benign and malignant breast tumors.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458598

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of smoking on blood lipid before percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI)in male coronary heart disease(CHD).Methods The clinical data in 124 cases of CHD with PCI were randomly extracted and divided into the smoking group (n = 88 )and the non-smoking group (n = 36 ).The age,past disease history,triglycerides (TG),cholesterol (CHOL),low density lipoprotein(LDL)and high density lipoprotein(HDL)were retrospectively investigated.Results The LDL level of the smoking group was(3.1±1.34)mmol/L,which was significantly higher than(2.5 ±0.95)mmol/L in the non-smoking group with statistical difference between them(P <0.05);the level of TG,HDL and LDL in the CHOL≥4.5 mmol/L group were (2.5±1.49)mmol/L,(0.99±0.29)mmol/L and(3.6 ±1.13)mmol/L respectively,which were hither than(1.8 ±1.23)mmol/L, (0.88±0.20)mmol/L and(2.2±0.69)mmol/L in the CHOL≤4.5 mmol/L group respectively,the differences among them had statistical significance(P <0.05 );the Sperman analysis found that there was a positive correlation between the level of vascular change with CHOL and LDL,at the same time the smoking level was negatively correlated with LDLA.Conclusion Smoking, CHOL and LDL have a close relationship with the male coronary heart disease.Moreover,smoking can affect the lipid metabolism and probably increase the risk of coronary heart disease.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597306

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe clinical effect of treating advanced laryngeal carcinoma with chemotherapy combined with reinforcing-qi-nourishing-yin herbs. Methods 36 patients with advanced laryngeal carcinoma were randomly recurited into a control group and a treatment group. The control group was treated with chemotherapy, and the treatment group was treated with chemotherapy combined with reinforcing-qi-nourishing-yin herbs. The clinical effect was observed in both groups. Results The total effective rate in the treatment group and the control group was 82.6% and 63.6%, respectively. There was a significant dieffference between two groups (X2=0.0285, P<0.05 ). Conclusion The treatment of chemotherapy combined with reinforcing-qi-nourishing-yin herbs on advanced laryngeal carcinoma is better than chemotherapy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-525494

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of economic level on nutrition intake and status in adult. Methods The survey of income level, and nutrition intake and status of adults in 2000 in the city and rural area of Hunan province was carried out, and was compared with the data of the first survey in 1991. Results With the income increasing, the intake of protein,calcium,iron, retinal EQ and riboflavin increased from 1991 to 2000. In the population with low and middle income, the inadequate intake of calcium, retinal EQ and riboflavin was common. With the economic level being raised, the number of people with overweight or obesity(BMI≥25) increased, especially in city. But the number of people with malnutrition (BMI

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