Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 39
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912192

ABSTRACT

To investigate the feasibility and safety of endoscopic trans-gastric cholecystolithotomy(ETGC) combined with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Data of patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis who underwent ETGC after ERCP in Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from November 2018 to April 2019 were analyzed. Six patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis, 4 males and 2 females, were included in this study.The interval between ERCP and ETGC ranged from 1 to 77 days (median 5 days). All the 6 patients successfully completed ETGC after ERCP, with a surgical success rate of 100%. All the patients had multiple cholecystolithiasis and one patient was complicated with gallbladder polyps.The ETGC operation time was 22-100 min (median 65 min), and the length of hospital stay was 3-9 d (median 6.5 d). Two patients had dull pain in the upper abdomen and increased body temperature after surgery. Abdominal ultrasound in one patient suggested local effusion in the right upper abdomen.Both patients improved after conservative treatment.None of the patients had cholecystitis and cholangitis related symptoms such as right upper abdominal pain or fever during postoperative follow-up, and the follow-up rate was 100%with median follow-up time of 18 month.All the 6 patients underwent abdominal ultrasound examination after surgery. No recurrence occurred in 5 patients. One of the patients showed cholesterol crystals in the gallbladder wall and bile mud deposition.ETGC combined with ERCP is safe and feasible for cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912170

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) for patients with metastases to the pancreas.Data on patients with pancreatic lesions who underwent EUS-FNA and confirmed as having metastases to the pancreas at the Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2015 to November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Characteristics of patients, EUS performance, pathological results, and follow-up were reviewed and analyzed. A total of 11 patients were diagnosed of metastasis to pancreas by EUS-FNA.The primary tumor mainly came from kidney (4/11) and lung (4/11), and the rest from colon (1/11), breast (1/11) and bladder (1/11), respectively. EUS performance of metastases to the pancreas mostly presented homogeneous hypoecho (10/11)with unclear margin (6/11). Enlarged lymphnodes were noticed in nearly half of the patients (5/11). The time span from detection of primary tumor to metastases ranged from 6 days to 27 years. EUS-FNA is effective in the diagnosis of metastases to the pancreas.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1044-1048, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of microRNA (miRNA, miR)-4699-3p in ovarian cancer cell lines, and observe its ability to regulate the expression of mitochondrial ribosomal protein S23 (MRPS23) and its effect on the migration and proliferation of ovarian cancer cells.Methods:Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of miR-4699-3p in ovarian cancer cell lines (OVCAR-3, SKOV-3, HO-8910, OC3, A2780) and normal ovarian epithelial cells (IOSE80). The liposome transfection method was used to transfect miR-4699-3p mimic or negative control miR-NC to the cell line with the lowest miR-4699-3p expression, which was defined as the experimental group and the control group. qRT-PCR was used to verify transfection efficiency. Bioinformatics technology predicted the candidate target gene of miR-4699-3p, and the dual luciferase reporter gene experiment identified its ability to regulate the target gene. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of target genes at the mRNA and protein levels. Cell counting method (CCK-8) and transwell migration experiment were used to detect the effect of miR-4699-3p on the proliferation and migration of ovarian cancer cells.Results:The expression of miR-4699-3p in ovarian cancer cell lines was significantly lower than that of normal ovarian epithelial cells ( P<0.05), and the lowest expression in OVCAR-3 cells ( P<0.01). After transfection of miR-4699-3p, the expression of miR-4699-3p in OVCAR-3 cells in the experimental group was significantly increased ( P<0.01), which proved that the transfection was successful. Bioinformatics technology predicted that the candidate target gene of miR-4699-3p may be MRPS23. The dual luciferase reporter gene experiment confirmed that miR-4699-3p can directly target the 3′-UTR of MRPS23 gene mRNA ( P<0.01). Compared with the OVCAR-3 cells in the control group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of the MRPS23 gene were significantly reduced, while the expressions of Twist, Slug, CDK6 and Cyclin D3 were significantly decreased ( P<0.01) in the experimental group after up-regulating miR-4699-3p expression ( P<0.01). After up-regulating miR-4699-3p expression, the proliferation ability of OVCAR-3 cells decreased ( P<0.05) and the migration ability of OVCAR-3 cells was reduced ( P<0.01). Conclusions:miR-4699-3p is under-expressed in ovarian cancer cell lines. Up-regulation of miR-4699-3p expression in OVCAR-3 cells can inhibit ovarian cancer cell proliferation and migration by interfering with MRPS23 gene expression.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1220-1224, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867372

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of microRNA (miR)-599 in ovarian cancer and its effect on the proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells.Methods:Quantitative real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression of miR-599 in 36 cases of ovarian carcinoma and paracancerous tissues, ovarian cancer cell lines and normal ovarian epithelial cells. The miR-599 inhibitor (experimental group) and the negative control miR-NC (control group) were transfected into the ovarian cancer cell line A2780, respectively. qPCR was used to detect the transfection efficiency. Bioinformatics technology was used to predict and screen candidate target genes of miR-599, and dual luciferase reporter gene analysis system was established to verify the direct targeting effect of miR-599 on candidate target genes. qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression changes of target genes. Cell counting (CCK-8) and transwell invasion assays were used to detect the effect of miR-599 on proliferation and invasion of A2780 cells.Results:qPCR results showed that the expression of miR-599 in ovarian cancer tissues was higher than that in paracancerous tissues ( P<0.01). The expression level of miR-599 in ovarian cancer cells was higher than that in normal ovarian epithelial cells ( P<0.05). The opioid binding protein (OPCML) is a candidate target gene for miR-599. The dual luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-599 can directly target the 3′-untranslated region (3′-UTR) of the OPCML gene ( P<0.01). After down-regulation of miR-599 expression, the mRNA and protein expression levels of OPCML in A2780 cells decreased ( P<0.01); the expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins such as CDK4 and cyclin D2 was decreased; the expression of negative regulatory protein E-cadherin was increased, and the expression of positive regulatory protein N-cadherin was decreased; the proliferation and the invasion ability of A2780 cells decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusions:miR-599 is highly expressed in ovarian cancer tissues and cell lines. Down-regulation of miR-599 expression in ovarian cancer cells A2780 can inhibit the proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells by increasing OPCML gene expression.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799572

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility and short-term efficacy of a novel and simplified closure method developed by our team for the defect closure after endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) for gastric submucosal tumors (SMT) in the gastric wall.@*Methods@#A prospective single-arm clinical study was used. Inclusion criteria: (1) the lesion was located in the fundus or the greater curvature of the stomach, and was confirmed to originate from the muscularis propria layer; (2) the diameter of the tumor was ≤3.5 cm, and the tumor had no extensive adhesion to the peritoneal tissues and organs in extraperitoneal cavity; (3) the tumor had no malignant features under ultrasound endoscopy; (4) the patient agreed to participate in the study; (5) patients with severe complications were excluded. Based on the above criteria, 20 patients with gastric SMT at the Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2015 to March 2018 were enrolled in this study, including 5 males and 15 females with mean age of 61.1 (38 to 70) years. Grasping forceps-assisted endo-loop snare ligation device which is called "Shao-Mai" method was used to close the defect site. All the patients underwent EFTR and "Shao-Mai" method to perform defect closure. After successful tumor resection by EFTR, an endo-loop was anchored onto the edge of the gastric defect with grasping forceps assistance and closed tightly. The observation indicators included tumor size, en bloc resection, operation time, postoperative complications and hospital stay. The follow-up indicators included tumor residual, local recurrence, and metachronous lesions.@*Results@#All the 20 lesions were located in the muscularis propria with a size of 0.5-3.5 (mean 1.4) cm. Three of them were located in the greater curvature of the mid-upper gastric body, 17 were located in the fundus. The endoscopic "Shao-Mai" closure was successfully performed after EFTR in all the 20 cases. Endoscope was used uniquely through the entire process, without laparoscopic assistance. The operative time was 20-100 (mean 43.8) minutes, while the "Shao-Mai" closure procedure took a range of 3-30 (mean 10.1) minutes. The en bloc resection rate was 100%. The pathological diagnosis included 17 gastrointestinal stromal tumors and 3 leiomyomas. No major complications occurred during or after surgery. All the patients were discharged 1-11 (mean 3.1) days after operation. The wounds of all the cases were healed completely six months after operation and only scar was observed without ulcer. No residual lesion, tumor recurrence or metastasis, leakage or fistula of digestive tract were found during the follow-up period of 15-54 (median 41) months.@*Conclusion@#The endoscopic "Shao-Mai" closure method is a simplified novel way, which is feasible, effective, and safe for closing the gastric defect after EFTR.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746108

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for superficial hypopharyngeal neoplasm. Methods Clinicopathological data of 9 patients, who received ESD for superficial hypopharyngeal neoplasm in Zhongshan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University from September 2015 to March 2018,were retrospectively analyzed. Results Nine patients including 7 males and 2 females with mean age of 61. 2 years (48-80 years) were included. The mean diameter of lesions was 16. 3 mm (5-27 mm),and the mean operation time was 52. 2 min(30-90 min). No bleeding, perforation, emphysema or dyspnea during or after ESD occurred. The mean length of hospitalization was 4. 6 days ( 3-7 days). Pathology indicated 1 high grade intraepithelial neoplasia and 8 squamous cell cancer, and all cases of squamous cell cancer were constrained within lamina propria. One patient had positive horizontal margin and received radiotherapy. No recurrence, metastasis or stenosis was found during 10. 2 months (3-29 months)of follow-up. Conclusion ESD is a safe and effective option for superficial hypopharyngeal neoplasm.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800289

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the feasibility and safety of endoscopic trans-gastric gallbladder-preserving cholecystolithotomy (ETGC) for gallstones.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 84 cholecystolithiasis patients, who received ETGC at Endoscopic Center of Zhongshan Hospital from March 2017 to May 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The operation completion rate, operation time, complications and recurrence of calculus were summarized.@*Results@#In the 84 cases of cholecystolithiasis, there were 19 cases (22.6%) of single stone, 53 cases (63.1%) of multiple stones, and 12 cases (14.3%) of gallstones with gallbladder polyps. A total of 82 patients (97.6%) successfully completed ETGC with median operation time of 88 min. Ten patients (12.2%) suffered from abdominal pain after operation, of which 6 patients relieved after conservative treatments. The other 4 cases, including 2 cases of hemoperitoneum, 1 case of biliary fistula, and 1 case of choledocholithiasis with obstructive jaundice, were recovered after corresponding interventions. As of June 14, 2019, 5 cases were lost to follow-up (follow-up rate was 93.9%, 77/82). Residual stones were found in 2 cases (2.6%, 2/77). Stone recurrence was discovered in 4 cases (5.2%, 4/7), and 2 cases (2.6%, 2/77) had cholesterol crystallization in gallbladder.@*Conclusion@#ETGC is minimally invasive, feasible and safe in treatment of cholecystolithiasis, and can retain the function of gallbladder. However, how to completely remove the stones and avoid residue by ETGC still needs further exploration, and its long-term efficacy still needs further observation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 912-916, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800083

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the role of multidisciplinary team (MDT) clinic in the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases and patient compliance with MDT advice in the current medical system.@*Methods@#The study included 512 patients that had visited the pancreas-oriented MDT clinic of Zhongshan Hospital between May 2015 and May 2019.The clinical and pathological data were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Diseases were classified in accordance with 2010 WHO classification of tumors of the digestive system and usual clinical practices. Compliance was determined according to whether a patient received corresponding therapies or undergoing further checks or follow-ups.@*Results@#Among the 512 patients that had visited the MDT clinic, 121 patients were referred due to undetermined diagnosis. Classified according to the final diagnosis, the rate of undetermined diagnosis in different disease categories from high to low in order was inflammatory diseases of the pancreas (75.0%, 24/32), other lesions of the pancreas (56.1%,23/41), pancreatic cystic lesions (19.1%,17/89), pancreatic carcinomas (18.3%,48/262) and pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNEN)(10.2%,9/88). The MDT clinic made diagnosis to 68 patients directly with an accuracy of 89.7%. The rate of compliance in the entire cohort was 63.4%. The rate of compliance of patients from June 2017 to May 2019 (68.4%) was higher than that of patients from May 2015 to May 2017(59.6%). The compliance rate of patients in different disease categories from high to low in order was inflammatory diseases of the pancreas(84.4%, 27/32), pancreatic carcinomas (67.9%, 178/262), pNEN(60.2%,53/88), other lesions of the pancreas (56.1%,23/41), and pancreatic cystic lesions(49.4%, 44/89). The compliance rate of patients with different MDT advice from high to low in order was best supportive care(78.6%,22/28), antitumor approaches beyond surgery(71.6%,159/222), further tests(62.6%, 77/123), surgery(53.7%, 65/121) and follow-up(49.2%, 31/63). In patients suggested for surgery, the compliance rate of patients with carcinomas(67.4%, 33/49) was higher than patients with other kinds of neoplasms.@*Conclusions@#MDT clinic could facilitate the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases conveniently and inexpensively. The overall compliance rate of MDT clinic patients is rather low, and patients with carcinomas have a relative high rate of compliance with the suggestion of surgery.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810789

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To use the meta-analysis in evaluating the hemorrhage-prevention value of second-look endoscopy after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer.@*Methods@#A literature search was conducted to identify all relevant studies comparing second-look endoscopy and non-second-look endoscopy after gastric ESD. The Medline/PubMed, Ovid, Elsevier ScienceDirect, EBSCO, CNKI and VIP databases were searched systematically. Literature inclusion criteria: (1) all the patients were diagnosed as early gastric cancer receiving ESD; (2) end point of the study included postoperative bleeding rate of ESD. Exclusion criteria: (1) papers of repeated research, review, comment, guideline, etc; (2) non-control study. Meta-analysis method was used to calculate a pooled odds ratio (OR) for developing post-ESD bleeding.@*Results@#The meta-analysis showed that post-ESD bleeding was observed in 40 of 1287 patients (3.1%) without second-look endoscopy and in 40 of 968 patients (4.1%) with second- look endoscopy (OR=1.25, 95% CI: 0.79-1.98), with no significant difference between these two groups. Subgroup analysis on research method still indicated no significant difference of post-ESD bleeding between RCT group (OR=1.45,95%CI: 0.79-2.65) and non-RCT group (OR=1.02, 95%CI: 0.50-2.08) (all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Based on meta analysis, second-look endoscopy can not reduce the rate of postoperative bleeding of ESD. Therefore, routine second-look endoscopy after gastric ESD may not be necessary to prevent delayed postoperative bleeding of ESD.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810782

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical value of dual channel dual curved endoscope in the endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastric angle mucosal lesions.@*Methods@#A descriptive cohort study was carried out. Clinicopathological data of 20 cases with gastric angle mucosal lesions undergoing ESD by dual channel dual curved endoscope in our center from October 2016 to August 2018 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Inclusion criteria: (1) the lesion was located in the gastric angle confirmed by gastroscopy before ESD. (2) CT examination showed no distant metastasis. (3) pathological biopsy confirmed precancerous lesion or early cancerous lesion without submucosal invasion. (4) the whole operation was performed by the same endoscopist with ESD experience of about 2000 cases. Patients with previous ESD history of gastric angle and other serious diseases were excluded. The dual channel dual curved endoscopy (Olympus, GIF-2TQ260M) and other conventional endoscopic surgical instruments were used in all the cases. Complete tumor resection rate, pathological results, intraoperative and postoperative complications, operation time and hospitalization time were observed. Follow - up parameters included residual tumor, local recurrence and heterogeneous lesion.@*Results@#Of 20 patients, 14 were male and 6 were female with an average of 55.6 years (range, 37 to 75). All the tumors located in gastric angle. Specimen size ranged from 1.2 to 5.5 (average 2.9) cm. Operation time ranged from 50 to 120 (average 85.8) minutes. Hospital stay ranged from 3 to 7 (average 5.1) days. The en bloc excision was performed successfully in all 20 cases. There was no perforation or bleeding during or after operation. Pathological results showed curative or nearly curative resection stage in all the cases. No tumor residual or recurrence was found during follow-up for 8 to 30 (average 18.5) months.@*Conclusion@#Dual channel dual curved endoscope can provide good vision and easy control in removing the lesion completely and avoiding complications during the ESD procedure in gastric angle mucosal lesions with good long-term efficacy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824829

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility and safety of endoscopic trans-gastric gallbladder-preserving cholecystolithotomy (ETGC) for gallstones. Methods The clinical data of 84 cholecystolithiasis patients, who received ETGC at Endoscopic Center of Zhongshan Hospital from March 2017 to May 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The operation completion rate, operation time, complications and recurrence of calculus were summarized. Results In the 84 cases of cholecystolithiasis, there were 19 cases ( 22. 6%) of single stone, 53 cases ( 63. 1%) of multiple stones, and 12 cases ( 14. 3%) of gallstones with gallbladder polyps. A total of 82 patients ( 97. 6%) successfully completed ETGC with median operation time of 88 min. Ten patients ( 12. 2%) suffered from abdominal pain after operation, of which 6 patients relieved after conservative treatments. The other 4 cases, including 2 cases of hemoperitoneum, 1 case of biliary fistula, and 1 case of choledocholithiasis with obstructive jaundice, were recovered after corresponding interventions. As of June 14, 2019, 5 cases were lost to follow-up ( follow-up rate was 93. 9%, 77/82 ) . Residual stones were found in 2 cases ( 2. 6%, 2/77 ) . Stone recurrence was discovered in 4 cases ( 5. 2%, 4/7 ) , and 2 cases ( 2. 6%, 2/77 ) had cholesterol crystallization in gallbladder. Conclusion ETGC is minimally invasive, feasible and safe in treatment of cholecystolithiasis, and can retain the function of gallbladder. However, how to completely remove the stones and avoid residue by ETGC still needs further exploration, and its long-term efficacy still needs further observation.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773000

ABSTRACT

Protein-RNA interaction networks are essential to understand gene regulation control. Identifying binding sites of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) by the UV-crosslinking and immunoprecipitation (CLIP) represents one of the most powerful methods to map protein-RNA interactions in vivo. However, the traditional CLIP protocol is technically challenging, which requires radioactive labeling and suffers from material loss during PAGE-membrane transfer procedures. Here we introduce a super-efficient CLIP method (GoldCLIP) that omits all gel purification steps. This nonisotopic method allows us to perform highly reproducible CLIP experiments with polypyrimidine tract-binding protein (PTB), a classical RBP in human cell lines. In principle, our method guarantees sequencing library constructions, providing the protein of interest can be successfully crosslinked to RNAs in living cells. GoldCLIP is readily applicable to diverse proteins to uncover their endogenous RNA targets.


Subject(s)
Binding Sites , Cell Line , Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins , Metabolism , Humans , Immunoprecipitation , Methods , Polypyrimidine Tract-Binding Protein , Metabolism , RNA , Metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303894

ABSTRACT

Endoscopy plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of postoperative complications of gastric cancer. Endoscopic intervention can avoid the second operation and has attracted wide attention. Early gastric anastomotic bleeding after gastrectomy is the most common. With the development of technology, emergency endoscopy and endoscopic hemostasis provide a new treatment approach. According to the specific circumstances, endoscopists can choose metal clamp to stop bleeding, electrocoagulation hemostasis, local injection of epinephrine or sclerotherapy agents, and spraying specific hemostatic agents. Anastomotic fistula is a serious postoperative complication. In addition to endoscopically placing the small intestine nutrition tube for early enteral nutrition support treatment, endoscopic treatment, including stent, metal clip, OTSC, and Over-stitch suture system, can be chosen to close fistula. For anastomotic obstruction or stricture, endoscopic balloon or probe expansion and stent placement can be chosen. For esophageal anastomotic intractable obstruction after gastroesophageal surgery, radial incision of obstruction by the hook knife or IT knife, a new method named ERI, is a good choice. Bile leakage caused by bile duct injury can be treated by placing the stent or nasal bile duct. In addition, endoscopic methods are widely used as follows: abdominal abscess can be treated by the direct intervention under endoscopy; adhesive ileus can be treated by placing the catheter under the guidance of endoscopy to attract pressure; alkaline reflux gastritis can be rapidly diagnosed by endoscopy; gastric outlet obstruction mainly caused by cancer recurrence can be relieved by metal stent placement and the combination of endoscopy and X-ray can increase success rate; pyloric dysfunction and spasm caused by the vagus nerve injury during proximal gastrectomy can be treated by endoscopic pyloromyotomy, a new method named G-POEM, and the short-term outcomes are significant. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) allows complete resection of residual gastric precancerous lesions, however it should be performed by the experienced endoscopists.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical , Bile Ducts , Wounds and Injuries , Constriction, Pathologic , Therapeutics , Digestive System Fistula , Therapeutics , Duodenogastric Reflux , Diagnostic Imaging , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Methods , Enteral Nutrition , Methods , Female , Gastrectomy , Gastric Outlet Obstruction , General Surgery , Gastritis , Diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Therapeutics , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Methods , Hemostatics , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Precancerous Conditions , General Surgery , Pylorus , General Surgery , Stents , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vagus Nerve Injuries , General Surgery
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611473

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of endoscopic piecemeal mucosal resection (EPMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for treatment of esophageal mucosal lesion with diameter larger than 15 mm.Methods The data of 261 patients with esophageal mucosal lesions ≥15 mm and undergoing ESD (n=198) or EPMR (n=63) in Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital from September 2009 to August 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.Therapeutic effect, complications, and local recurrence were compared between the two groups.Results The lesion size was significantly larger in the ESD group than that in the EPMR group (3.02±1.13 mm VS 2.66±0.95 mm, P0.05) between the two groups.The rate of postoperative esophageal stricture was higher in the EPMR group than that of the ESD group [22.6% (14/62) VS 6.2% (12/194),P<0.05] except for 5 cases with further surgery treatment (4 cases in the ESD group and 1 case in the EPMR group).The local recurrence rate was also higher in the EPMR group than that of the ESD group [11.5% (7/61) VS 3.7% (7/190), P<0.05], except for 10 cases with positive margin.Conclusion The therapeutic effect of ESD is superior to that of EPMR for esophageal mucosal lesions with diameter larger than 15 mm due to lower rate of local recurrence and acceptable complications.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665707

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the value of endoscopic treatment for patients with gastric submucosal tumor ( G-SMT ) . Methods The data of 1663 patients with G-SMT undergoing endoscopic treatment was retrospective reviewed from January 2008 to December 2013. Patients′ demographics, treatment outcomes, and follow-up were evaluated. Results A total of 1671 lesions of G-SMT were included in the study. The mean maximum size of lesions was (1. 50±1. 02) cm. Twenty lesions were treated by endoscopic mucosal resection, 296 lesions by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), 7 lesions by ESD+nylon endoloop, 1011 lesions by endoscopic submucosal excavation, 44 lesions by submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection, and 285 lesions by endoscopic full-thickness resection. Endoscopic treatment failed in 8 cases. Postoperative pathology diagnosis included 554 liomyoma, 485 gastrointestinal stromal tumors, 160 ectopic pancreas, and other such as lipoma, neuroendocrine tumor and fibroma. There were 16 cases of bleeding and 18 cases of perforation after treatment. Except for 4 cases of bleeding and 2 cases of perforation underwent additional surgical procedures, all patients were managed by conservative treatments. During a median follow-up time of 36 months of 1226 cases, the recurrence rate was 1%( 12/1226) ,and no death occurred. Conclusion Endoscopic treatment is safe and effective in treating G-SMT for long-term outcomes.

16.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 80-84, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613605

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic submucosal dissection for the treatment of colorectal large laterally spreading tumor. Methods ESD was applied to treat 150 cases of colorectal LST with diameter larger than 4 cm. The morphological features of LST, distribution, the clinicopathological data and the en-bloc resection rate, complete resection rate, complications were retrospectively evaluated. Results There were 87 patients with LST-granular lesions and 63 patients with LST-nongranular lesions. Colorectal LST mainly distributed in the rectum for 109 cases (72.7%), sigmoid colon for 13 cases (8.7%), descending colon for 5 cases (3.3%), transverse colon for 8 cases (5.3%), ascending colon for 13 cases (8.7%), cecum for 2 cases (1.3%). There were 23 patients with low-grade neoplasia, 104 patients with high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, 7 with intramucosal carcinoma and 16 with submucosal carcinoma. The en-bloc resection rate and complete resection rate were 92.7% (139/150) and 89.3%(134/150). Adverse events were intra-operative bleeding in 12 patients (8.0%), postoperative bleeding in 2 patients (1.3%), perforation in 3 patients (2.0%), postoperative stenosis in 3 patients (2.0%). Conclusion Colorectal large LST-NG has higher potential for malignancy. ESD is a safe and effective method to provide en-bloc and complete resection of colorectal large LST.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711476

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of endoscopic ultrasonography(EUS)in the diagnosis and treatment of undetermined etiology of common bile duct (CBD) dilatation. Methods Patients, who were referred for dilated CBD but unable to identify the cause by imaging, underwent EUS for the diagnosis of etiology in Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from December 2015 to December 2016. The therapy was on the basis of diagnosis of EUS. Final diagnoses were determined by surgical pathology or follow-up for at least 3 months. Results A total of 76 patients were included in the study. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of EUS for patients with choledocholithiasis,patients with ampullary tumor, and patients with inflammatory stenosis were 100.0%(7/7), 100.0%(69/69), 100.0%(76/76), and 88.0%(22/25), 92.2%(47/51), 90.8%(69/76),and 90.9%(40/44), 93.8%(29/32), 90.8%(69/76), respectively. Accuracy of EUS for etiological diagnosis of CBD dilatation was 90.8%(69/76). The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of EUS combined with tumor markers for patients with malignant CBD dilatation were 96.0%(24/25), 96.1%(49/51),and 96.1%(73/76), respectively. Conclusion EUS is an effective method for the etiological diagnosis of CBD dilatation and has guiding significance for the treatment. EUS combined with tumor markers may benefit differential diagnosis of benign and malignant CBD dilatation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323557

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the impact of additional gastrectomy after endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD) on the prognosis of early gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 107 early gastric cancer patients undergoing additional gastrectomy after ESD (research group, n=44) or radical surgery (control group, n=63) from January 2008 to December 2014 in Zhongshan Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The reasons for additional gastrectomy after ESD included positive resection margin (n=10), lymphovascular invasion (n=5), well-differentiated mucosal tumor with a diameter >3 cm (n=10), poor-differentiated mucosal tumor with a diameter >2 cm (n=4), submucosal tumor(sm1) with a diameter >3 cm (n=10), and submucosal tumor(sm2) (n=9). Operation time, length of stay, lymph node metastasis, tumor recurrence and disease-free survival rate were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Baseline data of two groups were not significantly different (all P>0.05). After evaluation, absolute and relative indications were identified in 19 cases (43.2%) and 25 cases (56.8%) of research group, and in 28 cases (44.4%) and 35 cases(55.6%) of control group without significant difference (P=0.897). Lymph node metastasis occurred in 6 patients (4.5%) after surgery in research group and 6.3% in control group (P=0.690). Operation time was (218.5±74.3) minutes in research group and (219.8±81.8) minutes in control group (P=0.932). Length of stay was (10.0±12.3) days in research group and (10.8±9.9) days in control group (P=0.687). Follow-up time was (35.5±15.0) months in research group and (29.5±18.1) months in control group (P=0.072). Tumor recurrence rate was 4.5% in research group and 9.5% in control group (χ(2)=0.928, P=0.229). Mortality was 4.5% in research group and 7.9% in control group (χ(2)=0.487, P=0.485). Besides, no significant differences of operation mode (P=0.164), lymphatic clearance mode (P=0.330), number of harvested lymph node (P=0.467), morbidity of postoperative infection or fever (P=0.923) were found. Three-year tumor-free survival rate was 95.5% and 89.2% in research and control group respectively without significant differences (P=0.571).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Additional gastrectomy after endoscopic submucosal dissection has no negative influence on the prognosis of patients with early gastric cancer, whose efficacy is similar to simple radical gastrectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Disease-Free Survival , Early Detection of Cancer , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Female , Gastrectomy , Methods , Gastric Mucosa , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Lymphatic Vessels , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Operative Time , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Survival Rate
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486787

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate clinical efficacy and safety of endoscopic radial incision( ERI) for benign stricture of esophageal anastomosis. Methods Clinical data of 17 patients with benign stricture of e?sophageal anastomosis undergoing ERI from October 2013 to September 2014 were retrospectively studied. Im?provement of clinical symptom and treatment?related complication or discomfort were intensively analysed. Re?sults All 17 patients successfully received ERI procedures, and the mean operating time was 10 minutes with a mean of 4 incisions. Obvious bleeding and mis?cut of normal mucosa occurred in 1 case, and this patient was cured by endoscopic hemostasis, gastrointestinal decompression and administration of antibiotics. Heartburn oc?curred in 5 patients and disappeared spontaneously without other complications or discomfort. Dysphagia score decreased from 3?11 to 0?90 in the second day after ERI(P0?05 ) . Conclusion ERI is simple, safe and effective for treating benign stricture of esophageal anastomosis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 352-357, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328798

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The three-dimensional (3D) structure of left atrial appendage (LAA) in atrial fibrillation patients were reconstructed by Mimics 3D imaging system, aiming at guiding for selection of both the size and location of the closure devices and making preliminary risk assessment of LAA closure with Watchman system.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Inclusion criteria were: ten voluntary patients with both atrial fibrillation and indication for LAA closure aging from 40 to 85 years old with contraindication for oral anticoagulants or unwillingness to take long-term oral anticoagulation therapy from May to December 2014. 3D reconstruction of LAA was preoperatively made by Mimics 3D imaging system. With the Mimics 3D reconstruction model and the results of both transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and LAA radiography, the size and location for the closure device were chosen. The devices were planted at the ostium of the LAA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ten atrial fibrillation patients were enrolled (average age: (66.3±11.9) years old) and all successfully implanted with the Watchman LAA closure devices. Nine of them were with non-valvular atrial fibrillation with average CHADS2-VAS score (3.2±1.7) and HAS-BLED score (2.7±1.6). The rest one was a valvular atrial fibrillation patient with the history of the percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) without surgical indications of mitral valve replacement (MVR). There was no blood leakage around the device by regular postoperative TEE and LAA radiography examinations. There were no complications of bleeding, embolism, or stroke through both at peri-operative period and at 1 month follow-up post procedure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Preoperative Mimics 3D reconstruction of LAA by Mimics 3D imaging system among atrial fibrillation patients provides essential information guiding the successful LAA closures.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anticoagulants , Atrial Appendage , General Surgery , Atrial Fibrillation , General Surgery , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Contraindications , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Embolism , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Middle Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Prosthesis Implantation , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL